Flora of New York/Invasive species index

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Flora of New York: Invasive species index
Table of
contents
Genus
index
Protected species index Invasive species index


Index to invasive plants of New York State[edit]

The following list is based on the Non-Native Plant Species Invasiveness Assessment[1] and the DEC's proposed list of prohibited plants.[2] The value in the "R" column is the assessment score (Rank). The letter in the "S" column indicates whether the plant is prohibited (P) or regulated (R).
Invasive Species Common Name Order Family Subfamily Tribe R S
Acer ginnala Amur maple Sapindales Aceraceae 66
Acer palmatum Japanese maple Sapindales Aceraceae 50
Acer platanoides Norway maple Sapindales Aceraceae 82 R
Acer pseudoplatanus Sycamore maple Sapindales Aceraceae 71 P
Achyranthes japonica
~ A. bidentata
var. japonica
Japanese chaff flower Caryophyllales Amaranthaceae Amaranthoideae 71 P
Aegopodium podagraria Bishop's goutweed Apiales Apiaceae Apioideae Careae 64
Agrostis gigantea Redtop, Black bentgrass Poales Poaceae Pooideae Poeae 68
Ailanthus altissima Tree of heaven Sapindales Simaroubaceae Ailantheae 68
Akebia quinata Chocolate vine Ranunculales Lardizabalaceae Lardizabaloideae Akebieae 52
Albizia julibrissin Silktree, Mimosa Fabales Fabaceae Mimosoideae Ingeae 40
Alliaria petiolata Garlic mustard Capparales Brassicaceae Thlaspideae 84 P
Alnus glutinosa European alder, Black alder Juglandales Betulaceae Betuloideae 64
Ampelopsis brevipedunculata Porcelainberry Vitales Vitaceae 71 P
Anthriscus sylvestris Wild chervil, Cow parsley Apiales Apiaceae Apioideae Scandiceae 79 P
Aralia elata Japanese angelica tree Apiales Araliaceae Aralioideae Aralieae 80 P
Artemisia vulgaris Common wormwood Asterales Asteraceae Asteroideae Anthemideae 79 P
Arthraxon hispidus Small carpgrass Poales Poaceae Panicoideae Andropogoneae 76 P
Arundinaria gigantea Bamboo, Giant cane Poales Poaceae Bambusoideae Arundinarieae 60
Bassia scoparia
~ Kochia scoparia
Mexican summer-cypress,
Burning bush
Caryophyllales Chenopodiaceae Camphorosmoideae Camphorosmeae 69
Bassia hyssopifolia Fivehorn smotherweed Caryophyllales Chenopodiaceae Camphorosmoideae Camphorosmeae
Berberis thunbergii Japanese barberry Ranunculales Berberidaceae Berberidoideae 91 P
Berberis vulgaris Common barberry Ranunculales Berberidaceae Berberidoideae 69
Brachypodium sylvaticum
 ssp. sylvaticum 
Slender falsebrome Poales Poaceae Pooideae Brachypodieae 87 P
Bromus tectorum Cheat grass, Downy brome Poales Poaceae Pooideae Hordeeae 50
Buddleja davidii Orange-eye butterfly bush Lamiales Scrophulariaceae Buddlejoideae Buddlejeae 45
Cabomba caroliniana Carolina fanwort Nymphaeales Cabombaceae Cabomboideae 72 P
Callitriche stagnalis Pond water-starwort Lamiales Plantaginaceae Callitricheae 49
Cardamine hirsuta Hairy cress Capparales Brassicaceae Cardamineae
Cardamine impatiens Narrowleaf bittercress Capparales Brassicaceae Cardamineae 76 P
Carex kobomugi Japanese sedge Juncales Cyperaceae Cyperoideae Cariceae 69
Carex macrocephala Largehead sedge Juncales Cyperaceae Cyperoideae Cariceae 69
Celastrus orbiculatus Oriental bittersweet Celastrales Celastraceae Celastroideae 87 P
Centaurea jacea Brown knapweed,
Brownray knapweed
Asterales Asteraceae Carduoideae Cardueae 62
Centaurea nigra Black knapweed,
Lesser knapweed,
Common knapweed
Asterales Asteraceae Carduoideae Cardueae 62
Centaurea nigrescens Short-fringed knapweed,
Tyrol knapweed,
Vochin knapweed
Asterales Asteraceae Carduoideae Cardueae 62
Centaurea × moncktonii Meadow knapweed Asterales Asteraceae Carduoideae Cardueae 62
Centaurea diffusa Diffuse knapweed,
White knapweed
Asterales Asteraceae Carduoideae Cardueae 79
Centaurea stoebe
 ssp. micranthos 
~ Centaurea biebersteinii
~ Centaurea maculosa
Spotted knapweed,
Spotted star-thistle
Asterales Asteraceae Carduoideae Cardueae 79 P
Centaurea × psammogena Diffuse-spotted knapweed Asterales Asteraceae Carduoideae Cardueae 79 P
Cirsium arvense (all varieties)
~ Cirsium setosum
~ Cirsium incanum
~ Carduus arvensis
~ Serratula arvensis
Creeping thistle,
Californian thistle,
Canada thistle,
Field thistle
Asterales Asteraceae Carduoideae Cardueae 71 P
Cirsium palustre
~ Carduus palustris
Marsh thistle,
European swamp thistle
Asterales Asteraceae Carduoideae Cardueae 68
Cirsium vulgare
~ Carduus vulgaris
Bull thistle,
Scotch thistle
Asterales Asteraceae Carduoideae Cardueae
Clematis terniflora Japanese virgin's-bower Ranunculales Ranunculaceae Ranunculoideae Anemoneae 73 R
Cyperus difformis Variable flatsedge Juncales Cyperaceae Cyperoideae Cypereae 52
Datura stramonium Jimsonweed,
Common thorn apple,
Jamestown weed,
Purple thorn apple
Solanales Solanaceae Solanoideae Datureae 50
Digitalis lanata Grecian foxglove Lamiales Plantaginaceae Digitalideae 37
Digitalis purpurea Purple foxglove Lamiales Plantaginaceae Digitalideae 53
Dioscorea polystachya
~ Dioscorea oppositifolia
(auct.)
~ Dioscorea batatas
Chinese yam,
Cinnamon vine,
Air potato
Dioscoreales Dioscoreaceae Dioscoreoideae 78 P
Dipsacus laciniatus Cut-leaf teasel Dipsacales Dipsacaceae Dipsacoideae Dipsaceae 76 P
Egeria densa Brazilian waterweed Alismatales Hydrocharitaceae Hydrocharitoideae 75 P
Eichhornia crassipes Common water-hyacinth Commelinales Pontederiaceae Pontederieae
Elaeagnus angustifolia Russian olive Rhamnales Elaeagnaceae 68
Elaeagnus umbellata Autumn olive Rhamnales Elaeagnaceae 94 P
Epilobium hirsutum Great hairy willow-herb Myrtales Onagraceae Onagroideae Epilobieae 63
Eragrostis curvula Weeping lovegrass Poales Poaceae Chloridoideae Eragrostideae 57
Euonymus alatus Winged burning bush Celastrales Celastraceae Celastroideae 81 R
Euonymus europaeus European spindletree Celastrales Celastraceae Celastroideae 60
Euonymus fortunei Winter creeper Celastrales Celastraceae Celastroideae 78 R
Euphorbia cyparissias Cypress spurge Euphorbiales Euphorbiaceae Euphorbioideae Euphorbieae 75 P
Euphorbia esula Leafy spurge Euphorbiales Euphorbiaceae Euphorbioideae Euphorbieae 76 P
Euphorbia lathyris Caper spurge, moleplant Euphorbiales Euphorbiaceae Euphorbioideae Euphorbieae 57
Fallopia baldschuanica Bukhara fleeceflower,
China fleece vine
Polygonales Polygonaceae Polygonoideae Polygoneae 51
Fallopia japonica ssp. japonica 
~ Polygonum cuspidatum
~ Reynoutria japonica
Japanese knotweed,
Japanese bamboo
Polygonales Polygonaceae Polygonoideae Polygoneae 98 P
Fallopia sachalinensis
~ Polygonum sachalinense
~ Reynoutria sachalinensis
Giant knotweed Polygonales Polygonaceae Polygonoideae Polygoneae 98 P
Fallopia × bohemica
~ Polygonum × boehmicum
~ Reynoutria × bohemica
Bohemian knotweed Polygonales Polygonaceae Polygonoideae Polygoneae 98 P
Festuca filiformis Hair fescue Poales Poaceae Pooideae Poeae 60
Ficaria verna
~ Ranunculus ficaria
Lesser celandine,
Fig buttercup
Ranunculales Ranunculaceae Ranunculoideae Ranunculeae 86 P
Frangula alnus Glossy buckthorn Rhamnales Rhamnaceae Rhamnoideae Rhamneae 73 P
Froelichia gracilis Slender cottonweed Caryophyllales Amaranthaceae Gomphrenoideae 53
Galega officinalis Professor-weed,
Common milkpea, Goat's-rue
Fabales Fabaceae Faboideae Galegeae 59
Galium odoratum
~ Asperula odorata
Sweet bedstraw Gentianales Rubiaceae Rubioideae Rubieae 48
Glaucium flavum Yellow hornpoppy Ranunculales Papaveraceae Chelidonioidieae Chelidonieae 66
Glossostigma cleistanthum
~ Glossostigma diandrum
Mudmats Lamiales Phrymaceae Mimuleae 35
Glyceria maxima Tall glyceria,
English watergrass,
Reed mannagrass
Poales Poaceae Pooideae Meliceae 79 P
Hedera helix English ivy Apiales Araliaceae Aralioideae Hedereae 66
Hemerocallis fulva Orange daylily Iridales Hemerocallidaceae Hemerocallidoideae Hemerocallideae 46
Heracleum mantegazzianum Giant hogweed Apiales Apiaceae Apioideae Tordylieae 72 P
Hesperis matronalis Dame’s rocket Capparales Brassicaceae Hesperideae 57
Humulus japonicus Japanese hops Urticales Cannabaceae 74 P
Hydrilla verticillata Waterthyme Alismatales Hydrocharitaceae Najadoideae Najadeae 91 P
Hydrocharis morsus-ranae Frogbit Alismatales Hydrocharitaceae Hydrocharitoideae 86 P
Hypericum perforatum Common St. John's-wort Hypericales Hypericaceae Hypericeae 47
Ilex crenata Japanese holly Aquifoliales Aquifoliaceae 48
Impatiens glandulifera Ornamental jewelweed Ericales Balsaminaceae 67
Imperata cylindrica
 var.  all except koenigii 
Cogongrass,
Cogon satin-tail
Poales Poaceae Panicoideae Andropogoneae 79 P
Iris pseudacorus Yellow iris Iridales Iridaceae Iridoideae Irideae 76 P
Lepidium latifolium Broadleaved Pepperweed Capparales Brassicaceae Lepidieae 79 P
Lespedeza bicolor Shrub lespedeza,
Bicolor lespdeza
Fabales Fabaceae Faboideae Desmodieae 63
Lespedeza cuneata Chinese bushclover Fabales Fabaceae Faboideae Desmodieae 74 P
Ligustrum amurense Amur privet Lamiales Oleaceae Oleeae
Ligustrum obtusifolium  ssp. suave  Amur privet Lamiales Oleaceae Oleeae
Ligustrum obtusifolium
 ssp. obtusifolium 
Border privet Lamiales Oleaceae Oleeae 77 P
Ligustrum ovalifolium California privet Lamiales Oleaceae Oleeae 45
Ligustrum sinense Chinese privet Lamiales Oleaceae Oleeae
Ligustrum vulgare European privet Lamiales Oleaceae Oleeae 68
Lobelia chinensis Chinese lobelia Asterales Campanulaceae Lobelioideae 37
Lonicera japonica Japanese Honeysuckle Dipsacales Caprifoliaceae Caprifolieae 84 P
Lonicera maackii Amur Honeysuckle Dipsacales Caprifoliaceae Caprifolieae 84 P
Lonicera morrowii Morrow's honeysuckle Dipsacales Caprifoliaceae Caprifolieae 86 P
Lonicera tatarica Tartarian honeysuckle Dipsacales Caprifoliaceae Caprifolieae 86 P
Lonicera × bella Fly honeysuckle Dipsacales Caprifoliaceae Caprifolieae 86 P
Lonicera xylosteum European fly honeysuckle Dipsacales Caprifoliaceae Caprifolieae
Lotus corniculatus Bird's-foot trefoil Proteales Nelumbonaceae
Ludwigia grandiflora
 ssp. hexapetala 
Uruguayan Primrose-willow Myrtales Onagraceae Ludwigioideae
Ludwigia peploides
 ssp. glabrescens 
Floating primrose-willow Myrtales Onagraceae Ludwigioideae
Lysimachia clethroides Goose-neck loosestrife Ericales Lysimachiaceae Lysimachieae
Lysimachia nummularia Creeping Jenny Ericales Lysimachiaceae Lysimachieae
Lysimachia punctata Spotted loosestrife Ericales Lysimachiaceae Lysimachieae
Lysimachia vulgaris Garden loosestrife,
Garden yellow loostrife
Ericales Lysimachiaceae Lysimachieae
Lythrum salicaria Purple loosestrife Myrtales Lythraceae Lythroideae
Marsilea quadrifolia European water-fern Salviniales Marsileaceae
Microstegium vimineum Japanese stiltgrass,
Nepalese browntop
Poales Poaceae Panicoideae Andropogoneae
Miscanthus sacchariflorus Japanese silver grass Poales Poaceae Panicoideae Andropogoneae
Miscanthus sinensis Chinese silvergrass Poales Poaceae Panicoideae Andropogoneae
Morus alba White mulberry Urticales Moraceae Moreae
Murdannia keisak Marsh dewflower,
Wart-removing herb
Commelinales Commelinaceae Commelinoideae Commelineae
Myosotis scorpioides True forget-me-not Boraginales Boraginaceae Boraginoideae Lithospermeae
Myriophyllum aquaticum Parrot-feather Saxifragales Haloragaceae Myriophylleae
Myriophyllum heterophyllum Broadleaf water-milfoil Saxifragales Haloragaceae Myriophylleae
Myriophyllum heterophyllum
 × pinnatum
Broadleaf water-milfoil Saxifragales Haloragaceae Myriophylleae
Myriophyllum spicatum Eurasian water-milfoil Saxifragales Haloragaceae Myriophylleae
Najas minor Brittle water nymph Alismatales Hydrocharitaceae Najadoideae Najadeae
Nasturtium officinale Watercress Capparales Tropaeolaceae
Rorippa nasturtium-aquaticum Watercress Capparales Brassicaceae Cardamineae
Nelumbo nucifera Sacred lotus Proteales Nelumbonaceae
Nymphoides peltata Yellow floating heart Asterales Menyanthaceae
Oplismenus hirtellus
 ssp. undulatifolius 
Wavyleaf basketgrass,
Bristle basketgrass
Poales Poaceae Panicoideae Paniceae
Paulownia tomentosa Princess-tree Lamiales Paulowniaceae 51
Persicaria longiseta
~ Polygonum caespitosum
var. longiseta
Creeping smartweed Polygonales Polygonaceae Polygonoideae Persicarieae
Persicaria nepalensis
~ Polygonum nepalense
Nepal smartweed Polygonales Polygonaceae Polygonoideae Persicarieae
Persicaria perfoliata Mile-a-minute weed,
Mile-a-minute vine
Polygonales Polygonaceae Polygonoideae Persicarieae
Phalaris arundinacea Reed canarygrass Poales Poaceae Pooideae Poeae
Phellodendron amurense Amur corktree Sapindales Rutaceae Amyridoideae Zanthoxyleae
Phleum pratense Timothy Poales Poaceae Pooideae Poeae
Phragmites australis ssp. australis  Common reed Poales Poaceae Arundinoideae
Phyllostachys aurea Golden bamboo Poales Poaceae Bambusoideae Arundinarieae 71
Phyllostachys aureosulcata Yellow-groove bamboo Poales Poaceae Bambusoideae Arundinarieae 71
Pinellia ternata Crowdipper, Green dragon Arales Araceae Aroideae Arisaemateae
Pinus thunbergii Japanese black pine Pinales Pinaceae Pinoideae
Pistia stratiotes Water lettuce Arales Araceae Aroideae Pistieae 62
Poa bulbosa Bulbous bluegrass Poales Poaceae Pooideae Poeae
Poa compressa Canada bluegrass Poales Poaceae Pooideae Poeae
Poa pratensis Kentucky bluegrass Poales Poaceae Pooideae Poeae
Populus alba White poplar Violales Salicaceae Salicoideae
Potamogeton crispus Curly pondweed Potamogetonales Potamogetonaceae
Prunus avium Sweet cherry Rosales Rosaceae Maloideae Amygdaleae
Prunus cerasus Sour Cherry Rosales Rosaceae Maloideae Amygdaleae
Prunus padus European bird cherry Rosales Rosaceae Maloideae Amygdaleae
Pseudosasa japonica Arrow bamboo Poales Poaceae Bambusoideae Arundinarieae
Pueraria montana Kudzu Fabales Fabaceae Faboideae Phaseoleae
Pyrus calleryana Callery pear, Bradford pear Rosales Rosaceae Maloideae Maleae
Ranunculus repens Creeping Butter-cup Ranunculales Ranunculaceae Ranunculoideae Ranunculeae
Rhamnus cathartica Common buckthorn,
Eurasian buckthorn
Rhamnales Rhamnaceae Rhamnoideae Rhamneae 80 P
Rhodotypos scandens Jetbead Rosales Rosaceae Maloideae Kerrieae
Robinia hispida ssp. fertilis  Bristly locust,
Mossy locust, Rose acacia
Fabales Fabaceae Faboideae Robinieae 48
Robinia hispida ssp. hispida  Bristly locust,
Mossy locust,
Rose acacia
Fabales Fabaceae Faboideae Robinieae 48
Robinia pseudoacacia Black locust Fabales Fabaceae Faboideae Robinieae 81 R
Rorippa amphibia
~ Nasturtium amphibium
Great yellowcress Capparales Brassicaceae Cardamineae
Rosa multiflora Multiflora rose Rosales Rosaceae Rosoideae Roseae
Rosa rugosa Rugosa rose, Japanese rose Rosales Rosaceae Rosoideae Roseae
Rubus armeniacus Himalayan blackberry Rosales Rosaceae Rosoideae Rubeae 57
Rubus bifrons Himalayan blackberry Rosales Rosaceae Rosoideae Rubeae 57
Rubus discolor Himalayan blackberry Rosales Rosaceae Rosoideae Rubeae 57
Rubus fruticosus Himalayan blackberry Rosales Rosaceae Rosoideae Rubeae 57
Rubus laciniatus Cutleaf blackberry Rosales Rosaceae Rosoideae Rubeae 63
Rubus phoenicolasius Wineberry Rosales Rosaceae Rosoideae Rubeae 86
Rumex acetosella Sheep sorrel Polygonales Polygonaceae Polygonoideae Rumiceae
Salix atrocinerea Rusty willow,
Large gray willow,
European gray willow
Violales Salicaceae Salicoideae
Salix cinerea Large gray willow,
European gray willow,
Ashy willow
Violales Salicaceae Salicoideae
Salvinia molesta Water fern Salviniales Salviniaceae
Saponaria officinalis Bouncing-bet,
Bouncing betty,
Soapwort
Caryophyllales Caryophyllaceae Caryophylloideae Caryophylleae
Schedonorus arundinaceus
~ Festuca arundinacea
~ Schedonorus phoenix
~ Lolium arundinaceum
Tall fescue,
Kentucky fescue,
Reed fescue,
Coarse fescue
Poales Poaceae Pooideae Poeae 65
Securigera varia
~ Coronilla varia
Crownvetch Fabales Fabaceae Faboideae Loteae 62
Senecio jacobaea Tansy-ragwort Asterales Asteraceae Asteroideae Senecioneae
Silphium perfoliatum
 var. perfoliatum 
Cup plant Asterales Asteraceae Asteroideae Ambrosieae
Solanum dulcamara ssp. dulcamara  Trailing nightshade,
Bittersweet nightshade,
Climbing nightshade
Solanales Solanaceae Solanoideae Solaneae 49
Sorbaria sorbifolia False spiraea Rosales Rosaceae Maloideae Sorbarieae
Spiraea japonica Japanese spiraea Rosales Rosaceae Maloideae Spiraeeae
Stratiotes aloides Water soldiers Alismatales Hydrocharitaceae Stratiotoideae
Syringa reticulata Japanese tree lilac Lamiales Oleaceae Oleeae
Tanacetum vulgare Common tansy Asterales Asteraceae Asteroideae Anthemideae
Trapa natans Water chestnut,
Water caltrop
Myrtales Lythraceae Lagerstroemioideae
Tussilago farfara Coltsfoot Asterales Asteraceae Asteroideae Senecioneae
Ulmus pumila Siberian elm Urticales Ulmaceae
Valeriana officinalis Common valerian Dipsacales Valerianaceae Valerianoideae
Verbena bonariensis
 var. bonariensis 
Purpletop vervain Lamiales Verbenaceae Verbeneae
Veronica beccabunga European speedwell Lamiales Plantaginaceae Veroniceae 62
Veronica officinalis Common speedwell,
Gypsy-weed
Lamiales Plantaginaceae Veroniceae 52
Viburnum dilatatum Linden arrowwood Dipsacales Adoxaceae Opuloideae Viburneae
Viburnum lantana Wayfaring-tree Dipsacales Adoxaceae Opuloideae Viburneae
Viburnum opulus ssp. opulus  European cranberry bush,
Guelder rose
Dipsacales Adoxaceae Opuloideae Viburneae
Viburnum setigerum Tea viburnum Dipsacales Adoxaceae Opuloideae Viburneae
Viburnum sieboldii Siebold's arrow-wood,
Sielbold's viburnum
Dipsacales Adoxaceae Opuloideae Viburneae
Vicia cracca ssp. cracca  Bird vetch Fabales Fabaceae Faboideae Fabeae 54
Vicia cracca ssp. tenuifolia  Cow vetch Fabales Fabaceae Faboideae Fabeae 54
Vicia villosa ssp. pseudocracca  Winter vetch Fabales Fabaceae Faboideae Fabeae 54
Vicia villosa ssp. varia  Hairy vetch Fabales Fabaceae Faboideae Fabeae 54
Vicia villosa ssp. villosa  Fodder vetch Fabales Fabaceae Faboideae Fabeae 54
Vinca minor Common periwinkle Gentianales Apocynaceae Rauvolfioideae Vinceae 57
Vincetoxicum nigrum
~ Cynanchum louiseae
Black swallow-wort,
Louise's swallow-wort
Gentianales Apocynaceae Asclepiadoideae Asclepiadeae 90 P
Vincetoxicum rossicum
~ Cynanchum rossicum
Pale swallow-wort,
European swallow-wort
Gentianales Apocynaceae Asclepiadoideae Asclepiadeae 88 P
Vitex rotundifolia Roundleaf chastetree,
Beach vitex,
Chasteberry,
Monk's pepper
Lamiales Lamiaceae Viticoideae
Wisteria sinensis Chinese wisteria Fabales Fabaceae Faboideae Millettieae
Wisteria floribunda Japanese wisteria Fabales Fabaceae Faboideae Millettieae
Caulerpa taxifolia Killer alga Bryopsidales Caulerpaceae

References[edit]

Flora of New York: Invasive species index
Table of
contents
Genus
index
Protected species index Invasive species index