Flora of New York/Lamiales 2

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Lamiales 1
Flora of New York: Lamiales 2: Lamiaceae
Lamiales 3
Table of
contents
Genus
index
Protected species index Invasive species index


Family Lamiaceae[edit]

The Lamiaceae (mint family) is the sixth largest family of the flowering-plants.[F 1]

Subfamily Viticoideae[edit]

Although no members of the Viticoideae (sage subfamily) have yet been verified outside of cultivation in New York, the beach vitex has been documented as having the potential to be highly invasive in the Long Island region. The genus Callicarpa is included here only for convenience, as it is currently unplaced within the Lamiaceae but is said to be "allied" to the Viticoideae.[1] Callicarpa americana has also not been found to have naturalized in New York, but it is cultivaed and sold in the "native plant" trade.

Lamiaceaesubfam. Viticoideae
Vitex Chaste-tree N.Y. Status Images Distribution 0
Beach vitex,
Roundleaf chaste-tree,
Chasteberry,
Monk's pepper
Introduced,
Highly invasive,
NYIS: 73%[2]
Starr 070621-7372 Vitex rotundifolia.jpg
Vitex rotundifolia nymap.svg

USDA-X0





Images, wsp
Callicarpa Beautyberry N.Y. Status Images Distribution 0

1753. Callicarpa americana  L.
1755. Burchardia americana  (L.) Duhamel
American beautyberry Introduced from
 southeastern US,
US South native
Starr 031108-2111 Callicarpa americana.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-0
USDA-N0

ARS 

NSE BNA 

Images, wsp

Subfamily Ajugoideae[edit]

The Ajugoideae

Tribe Ajugeae[edit]

Lamiaceaesubfam. Ajugoideaetribe Ajugeae
Trichostema sect. Trichostema Bluecurls N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
 L.

Trichostema pilosum
T. dichotomum var. puberulum
Forked bluecurls,
Bastard pennyroyal,
Common blue curls
Native,
Secure
Trichostema dichotomum 4564 4x3.jpg
Trichostema dichotomum nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ARS 



Images, wsp

T. dichotomum var. lineare
T. lineare
Narrowleaf bluecurls,
Narrow-leaved blue-curls
Native,
Endangered
Trichostema setaceum BB-1913.png
NYFA-1
USDA-N0





Images, wsp
Trichostema sect. Orthopodium Bluecurls N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
 L. (1753)

1753. Trichostema brachiatum L.
1803. Isanthus coeruleus Michx.
1888. Isanthus brachiatus B.S.P.[1]
1933. Isanthus brachiatus var. linearis
1943. Tetraclea viscida Lundell
Fluxweed,
False pennyroyal,
Glade blue curls
Native,
Rare
Trichostema brachiatum BB-1913.png
NYFA-3
USDA-NN

ARS 



Images, wsp
Ajuga Bugle N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 L. (1753)
Carpet bugle,
Common bugle,
Blue bugle,
Bugle rampante
Introduced,
Widespread weed,
CP-5[2],
NE-3[3]
Vršky - Díly (05).jpg
Ajuga reptans nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS 



Images, wsp
 L. (1753)
Geneva bugle Introduced
Ajuga genevensis.JPG
Ajuga genevensis nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
  1. Weakley (2005) suggests that Trichostema sect. Orthopodium could be moved to Isanthus, which would return Trichostema brachiatum to Isanthus brachiatus. Weakley, Alan. 2005. Flora of the Carolinas, Virginia, and Georgia. Working draft. June 10, 2005. University of North Carolina Herbarium, Chapel Hill, NC.
  2. Appendix 5. Plant species of concern (Watch List) within the central Finger Lakes region. Policy on the use of non-native plants in Cornell Plantations' accessioned collections (2009)
  3. Category 3 Plants - widespread non-native species - Eastern Region invasive plants, ranked by degree of invasiveness as based on information from States (1998) US Forest Service

Tribe Teucrieae[edit]

Genus Teucrium[edit]
Lamiaceaetribe Teucrieaegenus Teucrium
Teucrium Germander N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
 L.
var. canadense

Teucrium canadense vars.
Teucrium littorale
Canada germander Native,
Secure
Teucrium canadense NRCS-1.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngTeucrium canadense var canadense BB-1913.png
NYFA-5





Images, wsp
 L.
var. occidentale

Teucrium boreale
Teucrium occidentale
American germander,
Western germander
Native,
Likely secure
Teucrium canadense var occidentale BB-1913.pngImg spacer 2x87.pngTeucrium canadense BB-1913.png
NYFA-4





Images, wsp
 L.
Cutleaf germander,
Cut-leaved germander
Introduced
Teucrium botrys 090308.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngTeucrium botrys 141007.jpg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp

Subfamily Scutellarioideae[edit]

Genus Scutellaria[edit]
Lamiaceaesubfam. Scutellarioideaegenus Scutellaria
Scutellaria Skullcap N.Y. Status Images Distribution 10
 L.
Hooded skullcap,
Marsh skullcap
Native,
Secure
Scutellaria galericulata 2.jpg
Scutellaria galericulata NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
 L.
Blue skullcap,
Mad-dog skullcap
Native,
Secure
Scutellaria lateriflora - Blue Skullcap.jpg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
 Michx.
var. parvula
Small skullcap Native,
Rare,
DEC-C[1]
NYFA-3
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
var. missouriensis
Leonard's skullcap Native,
No recent reports
NYFA-Z
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
 Biehler
var. incana
Hoary skullcap,
Downy skullcap
Native,
Endangered,
No recent reports,
DEC-A[2]
Scutellaria incana 1.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngScutellaria incana.jpg
NYFA-Z
USDA-N0





Images, wsp
 L.
Helmet flower,
Hyssop skullcap
Native,
Endangered,
DEC-A[2]
Scutellaria integrifolia NRCS-1.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngScutellaria integrifolia BB-1913.png
NYFA-1
USDA-N0





Images, wsp
 Muhl. ex Spreng.
var. elliptica

Scutellaria ovalifolia Pers.
Scutellaria pilosa Michx.
Hairy skullcap Native,
Likely extirpated
Scutellaria elliptica var elliptica drawing 1.png
Scutellaria elliptica var elliptica NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-Z
USDA-N0





Images, wsp
 Fernald
[ galericulata × lateriflora ]
Skullcap Native,
No recent reports
NYFA-
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
 Pursh
Veined skullcap Native,
Likely extirpated
NYFA-Z
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
Showy skullcap Native,
No recent reports
NYFA-Z





Images, wsp

Subfamily Lamioideae[edit]

Tribe Marrubieae[edit]

Lamiaceaesubfam. Lamioideaetribe Marrubieae
Ballota Horehound N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L,
Black horehound Introduced
Ballota nigra.jpeg
Ballota nigra NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
Marrubium Horehound N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.
Horehound Introduced
Marrubium vulgare 003.JPG
Marrubium vulgare NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
Moluccella Moluccella N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.
Shellflower Introduced,
Impersistent
Moluccella cf laevis 2.JPGImg spacer 2x87.pngMoluccella laevis flower.JPG
Moluccella laevis NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XW





Images, wsp

Tribe Lamieae[edit]

Lamiaceaesubfam. Lamioideaetribe Lamieae
Lamiastrum Lamiastrum N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(L.) Ehren. & Polatschek

1753. Galeopsis galeobdolon  L.
1769. Lamium galeobdolon  Crantz
1778. Galeobdolon luteum  Huds.
1966. Lamiastrum galeobdolon  Ehren. &al.
Yellow archangel,
Yellow henbit,
Aluminum plant,
Artillery plant

Lamier jaune,
Ortie jaune,
Lamier doré
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Invasive,
Weed[1]
Galeobdolon argentatum blatt.jpeg
Lamiastrum galeobdolon NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-X0
NEW Can
ARS 



Images, wsp
Lamium Deadnettle N.Y. Status Images Distribution 5
 L.

1753. Lamium album  L.
White deadnettle,
White-nettle,
White henbit,
Snowflake
Introduced from
 Eurasia
Taubnesseln.jpg
Lamium album NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS 



Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Lamium amplexicaule  L.
1960. Lamium amplexicaule var. album
Henbit deadnettle,
Common dead-nettle,
Common henbit,
Clasping henbit
Introduced from
 Eurasia, n. Africa
Lange Stängel Pflanze Südhessen April 2012.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS 
Trop.


Images, wsp
 (L.) L.

1753. Lamium album var. maculatum L.
1763. Lamium maculatum  L.
Spotted deadnettle,
Spotted henbit,
Variegated deadnettle

Lamier maculé,
Lamier tacheté
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Widespread weed,
NE-3[2],
IPA
Lamiaceae - Lamium maculatum-1.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
NEW Can
ARS 
Trop.


Images, wsp
 L.
var. purpureum

1753. Lamium purpureum  L.
1852. Lamiopsis purpurea  (L.) Opiz
Purple deadnettle,
Red hanbit,
Red deadnettle
Introduced
Lamium purpureum Closeup.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW 




Images, wsp
 L.
var. incisum

(=) Lamium dissectum  With.
 auct. Lamium hybridum  non Vill.
(=) Lamium purpureum var. incisum (Willd.) Pers.
Hybrid deadnettle,
Purple deadnettle,
Red deadnettle,
Red hanbit
Introduced
Lamium purpureum 1 beentree.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW 




Images, wsp
  1. Lamiastrum galeobdolon is declared as a noxious weed in Oregon and Washington state
  2. Category 3 Plants - widespread non-native species - Eastern Region invasive plants, ranked by degree of invasiveness as based on information from States (1998) US Forest Service

Tribe Leonureae[edit]

Lamiaceaesubfam. Lamioideaetribe Leonureae
Leonurus Motherwort N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 L.

Leonurus glaucescens
Common mother-wort Introduced,
Widespread weed,
NE-3[1]
P1030981-Leonurus-cardiaca.JPG
Leonurus cardiaca NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
 L.

Chaiturus marrubiastrum
Lion's tail Introduced
Leonurus marrubiastrum detail.jpeg
Leonurus marrubiastrum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-X0





Images, wsp
  1. Category 3 Plants - widespread non-native species - Eastern Region invasive plants, ranked by degree of invasiveness as based on information from States (1998) US Forest Service

Tribe Phlomideae[edit]

Lamiaceaesubfam. Lamioideaetribe Phlomideae
Phlomis Jerusalem-sage N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.
Jerusalem sage Introduced
Phlomis tuberosa3.jpg
NYFA-X
USDA-X0





Images, wsp

Tribe Synandreae[edit]

The only native or naturalized member of Synandreae found in New York is Physostegia virginiana. Although it is considered native to New York, most populations are probably the result of naturalized escapes from cultivation.[1]

Lamiaceaesubfam. Lamioideaetribe Synandreaegenus Physostegia
Physostegia Lionsheart N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (L.) Benth.
ssp. virginiana

1753. Dracocephalum virginianum  L.
1789. Dracocephalum denticulatum  Aiton
1830. Physostegia speciosa  Sweet
1834. Physostegia virginiana  (L.) Benth.
1908. Physostegia formosior  Lunell
1931. Dracocephalum formosius  Rydb.
1982. P. virginiana ssp. virginiana autonym
Obedient plant,
False dragon-head,
Obedient false dragon-head,
Virginia false dragon-head

Physostégie de Virginie
Native,
Secure
Physostegia virginiana 9433.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.
NSE 
IPN
Images, wsp

Tribe Stachydeae[edit]

Lamiaceaesubfam. Lamioideaetribe Stachydeae
Stachys Hedgenettle N.Y. Status Images Distribution 11
 Willd.

1800. Stachys tenuifolia  Willd.
1836. Stachys glabra  Riddell
1920. Stachys palustris
   var.
macrocalyx Jenn.
1943. Stachys tenuifolia
   var.
platyphylla Fernald
Smooth hedgenettle,
Smooth hedge-nettle,
Slender betony
Native,
Likely secure
Stachys tenuifolia NRCS-1.jpg
Stachys tenuifolia NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
Can
ARS ITIS



Images, wsp
 Michx.

(=) Stachys hyssopifolia  Michx.
(=) Stachys atlantica  Britton
(=) Stachys lythroides  Small
Hyssopleaf hedgenettle,
Hyssop-leaved hedge-nettle
Native,
Threatened
Stachys hyssopifolia BB-1913.png
Stachys hyssopifolia nymap.svg
NYFA-2
USDA-N0

ITIS



Images, wsp
 K.Koch
Woolly hedgenettle,
Lamb's ears,
Epiaire laineuse
Introduced from
 temperate Asia
Stachys byzantina Yvoire-2 4x3.jpg
Stachys byzantina nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS ITIS



Images, wsp
Heart-leaved hedgenettle Introduced






Images, wsp
Common hedgenettle Introduced






Images, wsp
Marsh hedge-nettle Introduced
Stachys palustris20110630 03.jpg






Images, wsp
Whitespot Introduced






Images, wsp
 (L.) L.

1753. Betonica annua  L.
1763. Stachys annua  (L.) L.
Annual hedgenettle

Épiaire annuelle
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Impersistent
Stachys annua 4x3.jpg
Stachys annua nymap.svg
NYFA-Xm
USDA-XW
Can
ARS 



Images, wsp
 Bunge

1833. Stachys affinis  Bunge
1865. Stachys sieboldii  Miq.[1]
1887. Stachys tuberifera  Naudin
Artichoke betony,
Chinese artichoke,
Crosne du Japon
Introduced from
 China,
Impersistent
Stachys sieboldii0.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngStachys sieboldii1.jpg
NYFA-Xm
USDA-X0

ARS ITIS
Trop.


Images, wsp
 (L.) L.

1753. Glechoma arvensis  L.
1763. Stachys arvensis  (L.) L.
1778. Cardiaca arvensis  (L.) Lam.
Field hedgenettle,
Staggerweed
Introduced,
Impersistent
Stachys arvensis 01.jpg
NYFA-Xm
USDA-XX

ARS ITIS
Trop.


Images, wsp
 (K. Koch) Stearn

1800. Betonica grandiflora  Stephan ex Willd.
1834. Stachys grandiflora  (Willd.) Benth. hom.
1849. Betonica macrantha  K.Koch
1951. Stachys macrantha  (K.Koch) Stearn
Big-sage Introduced from
 temperate Asia,
Impersistent,
No specimens
Stachys macrantha0.jpg
NYFA-Xm
USDA-X0

ARS ITIS



Images, wsp

Tribe uncertain[edit]

Lamiaceaesubfam. Lamioideaetribe uncertain
Galeopsis Hempnettle N.Y. Status Images Distribution 4
 Boenn.
Bifid-lip hempnettle,
Splitlip hempnettle
Introduced
Galeopsis bifida.jpeg
Galeopsis bifida NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
 L.
var. ladanum
Red hempnettle Introduced,
No specimens
Galeopsis ladanum 001.jpg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
 L.
var. latifolia
Red hempnettle Introduced
Galeopsis ladanum Sturm32.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngNsr-slika-230.png
Galeopsis ladanum var latifolia NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
 L.
var. tetrahit
Brittle-stemmed hempnettle Introduced
20120813Horststuecker24.jpg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp

Subfamily Nepetoideae[edit]

Tribe Elsholtzieae[edit]

Lamiaceaesubfam. Nepetoideaetribe Elsholtzieae
Collinsonia Horsebalm N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
Canada horse-balm,
Northern horsebalm,
Richweed,
Stoneroot
Native,
Secure
Collinsonia canadensis 004.JPG
Collinsonia canadensis NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW 




Images, wsp
Elsholtzia Elsholtzia N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1

Elsholtzia cristata
Crested elsholtzia,
Crested latesummer mint,
Vietnamese balm
Introduced
Elsholtzia ciliata 02.JPG
Elsholtzia ciliata NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
Perilla Perilla N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
var. crispa
Beefsteak plant Introduced,
No sources
Purple Perilla foliage.JPG
Perilla frutescens var crispa NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-X0





Images, wsp
var. frutescens

Perilla arguta
Perilla ocymoides
Beefsteak plant Introduced
Gardenology.org-IMG 2985 rbgs11jan.jpg
Perilla frutescens var frutescens NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp

Tribe Mentheae[edit]

Mentheae is the largest Lamiaceae tribe and contains the herbs sage, thyme, and of course mint. The subtribes used here are from Drew & Sytsma (2012).[F 1]

Subtribe Salviinae[edit]
Lamiaceaesubfam. Nepetoideaetribe Mentheaesubtr. Salviinae
Salvia Sage N.Y. Status Images Distribution 10
 L.
Lyre-leaved sage Native,
Endangered
Salvia lyrata Kaldari-2x3.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngSalvia lyrata NRCS-1-2x3.jpg
Salvia lyrata NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-Z
USDA-N0





Images, wsp
 Lam.
var. grandiflora

Salvia pitcheri
Blue sage Introduced,
N. America native
Salvia azurea1.jpg
Salvia azurea var grandiflora NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-N0





Images, wsp
 Hornem.

Salvia lancifolia Poir.
Lance-leaved sage,
Rocky Mountain sage,
Blue sage,
Lambsleaf sage,
Sage mint
Introduced,
N. America native
Salvia reflexa drawing 1.png
Salvia reflexa NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-NW





Images, wsp
Silver sage Introduced
Salvia argentea 14May2009 FlowersCloseup CampoCalatrava.jpg
Salvia argentea NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-X0





Images, wsp
 L. (1753)
Sticky sage,
Jupiter's sage,
Jupiter's distaff
Introduced,
Eurasia native,
NYFA[1]
Salvia-glutinosa1.jpg

USDA-X0

ARS 



Images, wsp
 Benth.
Wood sage Introduced
Salvia nemorosa ostfriesland 0.12 R.jpg
NYFA-X





Images, wsp
 L.
Nodding sage Introduced,
Impersistent
Salvia nutans.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngSalvia nutans2.jpg
NYFA-X
USDA-X0





Images, wsp
 L.
Kitchen sage Introduced
Salvia officinalis 001.JPG
Salvia officinalis NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XW





Images, wsp
 L.
Meadow clary,
Meadow sage
Introduced
Wiesensalbei 2.jpg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
 L.
Lilac sage Introduced
Salvia verticillata P14.jpg
Salvia verticillata NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
Melissa Balm N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
Common balm,
Garden balm,
Lemon balm
Introduced
Melissa officinalis.jpeg
Melissa officinalis NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
  1. Nava M. Tabak (2011). Salvia glutinosa (Lamiaceae) naturalized in southeastern New York. Rhodora 113: 220-224.
Subtribe Prunellinae[edit]
Lamiaceaesubfam. Nepetoideaetribe Mentheaesubtr. Prunellinae
Prunella Selfheal N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
 L.
var. lanceolata

P. pennsylvanica var. lanceolata
P. vulgaris ssp. lanceolata
P. vulgaris var. elongata
American self-heal,
Lance selfheal,
Mountain selfheal,
Narrowleaf selfheal
Native,
Likely secure,
Fact sheet[1]
Starr 041211-1407 Prunella vulgaris.jpg
Prunella vulgaris var vulgaris NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-N
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
 L.
var. vulgaris

P. caroliniana
P. vulgaris ssp. vulgaris
Common self-heal,
Eurasian self-heal
Introduced,
Widespread weed
20120714Ketscher Rheininsel08.jpg
Prunella vulgaris var vulgaris NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-NX





Images, wsp
Cutleaf selfheal Introduced
Prunella laciniata Habitus 2011-6-23 SierraMadrona.jpg
Prunella laciniata NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-X0





Images, wsp
  1. USDA-NRCS Plant Fact Sheet for Lance Selfheal, Prunella vulgaris L. ssp. lanceolata (W. Bartram) Hultén
Subtribe Lycopinae[edit]
Lamiaceaesubfam. Nepetoideaetribe Mentheaesubtr. Lycopinae
Lycopus Bugleweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution 7
 Muhl. ex W.Bartram
American bugleweed,
American water horehound,
Common water horehound[1]
Native,
Secure
Lycopus americanus 01.jpg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
 Michx.
Northern bugleweed,
Slender bugleweed
Native,
Secure
Lycopus uniflorus 5475343.jpg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
 L.
Virginia bugleweed,
Virginia water horehound
Native,
Likely secure
Lycopus virginicus 001.JPG
NYFA-4
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
 Raf.
Sessile-leaved bugleweed Native,
Threatened
Lycopus amplectens.JPG
NYFA-2
USDA-N0





Images, wsp
 Moench
Stalked bugleweed,
Taperleaf water horehound
Native,
Endangered
Lycopus rubellus NRCS-2.pngImg spacer 2x87.pngLycopus rubellus NRCS-1.jpg
NYFA-1
USDA-N0





Images, wsp
 Greene
Rough bugleweed,
Rough water horehound[2]
Introduced
Lycopus asper NRCS-1.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngLycopus asper drwawing 2.png
NYFA-X
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
 L.
European bugleweed,
Gypsywort
Introduced
Lycopus europaeus.jpeg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
Subtribe Nepetineae[edit]
Genus Agastache[edit]
Lamiaceaesubfam. Nepetoideaetribe Mentheaesubtr. Neptinaegenus Agastache
Agastache Giant-hyssop N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
(Willd.) Kuntze
Purple giant hyssop Native,
Likely secure
Agastache scrophulariifolia drawing.png
NYFA-4
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
(L.) Kuntze
Yellow giant hyssop Native,
Threatened
Agastache nepetoides drawing.png
Agastache nepetoides NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-2-3
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
 (Pursh) Kuntze

1813. Hyssopus anethiodorus  Nutt.
1814. Stachys foeniculum  Pursh
1818. Hyssopus foeniculum (Pursh) Spreng.
1891. Agastache foeniculum  (Pursh) Kuntze
1892. Vleckia foeniculum  (Pursh) MacMill.
1894. Vleckia anethiodora  (Nutt.) Greene
1898. Agastache anethiodora  (Nutt.) Britton
Blue giant hyssop,
Lavender giant hyssop,
Anise hyssop,
Fennel hyssop

Agastache fenouil
Introduced from
 S-central Canada,
 N-central US,
Cultivated,
Rarely naturalizing

Perennial,
Forb-herb,
Subshrub
Gardenology.org-IMG 2841 rbgs11jan.jpg
Agastache foeniculum nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS

NSE BNA 

Images, wsp
Genus Dracocephalum[edit]
Lamiaceaesubfam. Nepetoideaetribe Mentheaesubtr. Neptinaegenus Dracocephalum
Dracocephalum Dragonhead N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
Nutt.

Moldavica parviflora
American dragonhead,
Dragonhead mint
Native,
Endangered
Dracocephalum parviflorum drawing 1.png
Dracocephalum parviflorum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-1
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
L.

Moldavica thymiflora (L.) Rydb.
Thymeleaf dragonhead,
Thyme-leaved dragon-head
Introduced,
Impersistent
Dracocephalum thymiflorum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
Genus Glechoma[edit]
Lamiaceaesubfam. Nepetoideaetribe Mentheaesubtr. Neptinaegenus Glechoma
Glechoma Glechoma N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.

Nepeta hederacea
Ground ivy Introduced,
Widespread weed,
IO
Glechoma hederacea 002.JPG






Images, wsp
Genus Hyssopus[edit]
Lamiaceaesubfam. Nepetoideaetribe Mentheaesubtr. Neptinaegenus Hyssopus
Hyssopus Hyssop N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
Hyssop Introduced
Hyssopus officinalis HC1.jpg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
Genus Nepeta[edit]
Lamiaceaesubfam. Nepetoideaetribe Mentheaesubtr. Neptinaegenus Nepeta
Nepeta Catnip N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
 L.
Catnip Introduced,
Widespread weed,
IO
Catnip flowers.jpg
Nepeta cataria NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
 M.Bieb.
Caucasus catmint Introduced,
Impersistent
Nepeta grandiflora blatt.jpeg
Nepeta grandiflora NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
Spreng. ex Henckel
Persian catmint Introduced,
Impersistent
Nepeta mussinii blatt.jpeg
NYFA-X
USDA-X0





Images, wsp
Genus Meehania[edit]
Lamiaceaesubfam. Nepetoideaetribe Mentheaesubtr. Nepetineaegenus Meehania
Meehania Meehan's mint N.Y. Status Images Distribution 0

(=)
(=)
Meehan's mint Introduced,
US South native,
No NY reports
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-N0

ITIS

NSE BNA 

Images, wsp
Subtribe Menthinae[edit]

For convenience, the large Menthinae subtribe is here separated into Old-World and New-World clades along the lines presented in Drew and Sytsma (2012).[F 1] However, many of the genera have been found to be polyphyletic, including Mentha and Clinopodium, which have New York species in both clades.

Genus Hedeoma[edit]
Lamiaceaesubfam. Nepetoideaetribe Mentheaesubtr. Menthinaegenus Hedeoma
Hedeoma False-pennyroyal N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
(L.) Pers. (1806)

Cunila pulegioides
Melissa pulegioides
Ziziphora pulegioides
American false pennyroyal,
American pennyroyal
Native,
Secure
Hedeoma pulegioides drawing 1.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ARS 



Images, wsp
 Pursh
Rough false pennyroyal Native,
Threatened
Hedeoma hispida drawing 1.png
NYFA-2-3
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
Genus Blephilia[edit]
Lamiaceaesubfam. Nepetoideaetribe Mentheaesubtr. Menthinaegenus Blephilia
Blephilia Pagoda-plant N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 (Pursh) Benth.
Hairy pagoda plant,
Hairy woodmint
Native,
Likely secure
Blephilia hirsuta drawing 1.png
Blephilia hirsuta NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
 (L.) Raf.
Downy pagoda plant,
Downy woodmint,
Ohio horsemint,
Sunny woodmint
Native,
Endangered
Blephilia ciliata.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngBlephilia ciliata drawing 1.png
Blephilia ciliata NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-1
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
Genus Monarda[edit]
Lamiaceaesubfam. Nepetoideaetribe Mentheaesubtr. Menthinaegenus Monarda
Monarda Beebalm N.Y. Status Images Distribution 7
 L.
Oswego tea,
Bee-balm
Native,
Secure
Monarda-didyma-flower-heads.JPG
Monarda didyma NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
 L.
var. fistulosa
Wild bergamot,
Wild bergamot bee-balm
Native,
Secure
Wild Bergamot (Monarda fistulosa).jpg
Monarda fistulosa var fistulosa NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-N0





Images, wsp
 L.
var. mollis

Monarda mollis L.
Monarda scabra Beck
Wild bergamot Native,
Likely secure
Monarda fistulosa NRCS-1.jpg
NYFA-4-5
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
 L.
var. villicaulis
Horsemint Native,
Likely secure
Monarda punctata BB-1913.png
Monarda punctata var villicaulis NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
 L.
var. punctata
Spotted beebalm Native,
Endangered
Monarda punctataUGA1120190.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngMonarde.jpg
NYFA-1?





Images, wsp
 Willd.
Purple bergamot Native,
Very vulnerable
Monarda media BB-1913.png
Monarda media NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-2?
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
 L.

M. allophylla Michx.
M. fistulosa L. var. clinopodia
Basil balm,
Basil bee-balm
Native,
Endangered
Monarda clinopodia drawing 1.png
NYFA-1-2
USDA-N0





Images, wsp
Genus Pycnanthemum[edit]
Lamiaceaesubfam. Nepetoideaetribe Mentheaesubtr. Menthinaegenus Pycnanthemum
Pycnanthemum Mountainmint N.Y. Status Images Distribution 8
(L.) Michx.
Hoary mountain-mint Native,
Secure
Pycnanthemum incanum UGA1120218.jpg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
Narrowleaf mountainmint,
Slender mountain-mint
Native,
Secure
Pycnanthemum tenuifolium001.jpg
NYFA-5





Images, wsp
Virginia mountain-mint Native,
Likely secure
NYFA-4
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
Blunt mountain-mint Native,
Threatened,
DEC-B[1],
NYNHP: 2[2]
Pycnanthemum muticum heds and bracts 001.JPG
Pycnanthemum muticum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-2-3
USDA-N0





Images, wsp
Torr. & A. Gray

Koellia clinopodioides
Basil mountain-mint Native,
Endangered,
DEC-A[3]
Pycnanthemum clinopodioides drawing 1.png
Pycnanthemum clinopodioides NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-1
USDA-N0





Images, wsp
Torrey's mountain mint Native,
Endangered
NYFA-1
USDA-N0





Images, wsp
(Michx.) Pers.
var. verticillatum
Whorled mountain-mint Native,
Endangered
NYFA-1-2
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
var. pilosum

Koellia pilosa
Pycnanthemum pilosum
Whorled mountain-mint Introduced,
N. America native
Pycnanthemum verticillatum var pilosum BB-1913.png
NYFA-X
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
Genus Cunila[edit]
Lamiaceaesubfam. Nepetoideaetribe Mentheaesubtr. Menthinaegenus Cunila
Cunila Cunila N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (L.) Britt.

Cunila mariana L.
Mappia origanoides (L.) House
Common dittany Native,
Likely secure
Cunila origanoides drawing 1.png
Cunila origanoides NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4
USDA-





Images, wsp
Genus Mentha[edit]
Lamiaceaesubfam. Nepetoideaetribe Mentheaesubtr. Menthinaegenus Mentha
Mentha Mint N.Y. Status Images Distribution 8
 L.
[ M. arvensis × M. longifolia ]

M. arvensis var. piperascens
M. arvensis auct. N. Amer.
Canadian mint,
Corn mint,
American corn mint,
Chinese mint,
Japanese mint
Native,
Secure,
N. America native,
Asia native
WildMInt.JPG
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ARS 


Note [1]
Images, wsp
 L. (1753)
Corn mint,
Field mint,
Wild mint,
Menthe des champs
Introduced,
Eurasia native
Mentha arvensis.jpeg
NYFA-X
USDA-NN

ARS 



Images, wsp
 L.

Mentha citrata Ehrh.
Mentha × piperi var. citrata
Mentha piperita ssp. citrata
Water mint Introduced
Watermunt.jpg
Mentha aquatica NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
 L.

M. cordifolia auct. non Opiz ex Fresen.
M. longifolia auct. non (L.) Huds.
M. sylvestris L.
M. viridis L.
Spearmint Introduced,
Widespread weed,
IO
Mentha Spicata1.jpg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
 Sole (pro sp.)
[ M. arvensis × M. spicata ]

M. cardiaca J.Gerard ex Baker
M. gentilis auct. non L.
M. × gentilis L. var. cardiaca
M. × muelleriana auct. non F.W. Schultz
Gingermint,
Creeping whorled mint
Introduced,
Widespread weed,
IO
Mentha gracilis and rotundifolia MN 2007.JPG
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
 L. (pro sp.)
[ M. aquatica × M. spicata ]

M. aquatica L. var. crispa
M. Mentha crispa L.
M. dumetorum Schultes
Peppermint Introduced
Mentha piperita (2).JPG
NYFA-X
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
(L.) Huds. (pro sp.)
[ M. longifolia × M. suaveolens ]
Peppermint Introduced
Mentha × rotundifolia BF-1880.png
Mentha × rotundifolia NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-X0





Images, wsp
 Huds. (pro sp.)
[ M. spicata × M. suaveolens ]

M. alopecuroides Hull
M. nemorosa Willd.
Foxtail mint Introduced
Mentha × villosa drawing 1.png
Mentha × villosa NY-dist-map.png

USDA-XX





Images, wsp
  1. The USDA-NRCS PLANTS database and ITIS treat Mentha canadensis as a synonym of Mentha arvensis, while the New York Flora Atlas and ARS-GRIN treat them as separate species.
Genus Clinopodium[edit]
Lamiaceaesubfam. Nepetoideaetribe Mentheaesubtr. Menthinaegenus Clinopodium
Clinopodium Clinopodium N.Y. Status Images Distribution 4
(Nutt.) Kuntze (1891)

Calamintha glabella angustifolia
Calamintha arkansana
Clinopodium arkansanum
Hedeoma arkansana
Satureja arkansana
Satureja glabella angustifolia
Limestone calamint,
Low calamint
Native,
Likely extirpated,
N. America native
Clinopodium arkansanum 5475120.jpg
NYFA-Z
USDA-NN

ARS 


Note [1]
Images, wsp
 (L.) Kuntze

Acinos arvensis
Acinos thymoides
Calamintha acinos
Satureja acinos
Basil thyme Introduced
Steentijm.jpg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
 L.

Calamintha vulgaris
Satureja vulgaris
Field basil,
Wild basil
Introduced
Clinopodium vulgare flower.jpg
Clinopodium vulgare NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
(L.) Kuntze (1891)

Calamintha nepeta
Field balm,
Lesser calamint
Introduced,
Impersistent
Calamintha nepeta nepeta0.jpg
NYFA-X
USDA-X0

ARS 


Note [2]
Images, wsp
  1. NYFA lists Clinopodium glabrum as Calamintha arkansana (Nutt.) Shinners. USDA-NRCS PLANTS uses Clinopodium arkansanum (Nutt.) House. ITIS and ARS-GRIN both use Clinopodium glabrum (Nutt.) Kuntze.
  2. NYFA and USDA-NRCS PLANTS list Clinopodium nepeta as Calamintha nepeta (L.) Savi. ITIS and ARS-GRIN both list it as Clinopodium nepeta (Nutt.) Kuntze.
Genus Satureja[edit]
Lamiaceaesubfam. Nepetoideaetribe Mentheaesubtr. Menthinaegenus Satureja
Satureja Savory N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 L. (1753)
Summer savory,
Savourée,
Sarriette des jardins
Introduced,
Eurasia native
Gartenbohnenkraut April 2012.JPG
NYFA-X
USDA-XW

ARS 



Images, wsp
 L.
Winter savory Introduced
Satureja montana0.jpg
NYFA-X





Images, wsp
Genus Origanum[edit]
Lamiaceaesubfam. Nepetoideaetribe Mentheaesubtr. Menthinaegenus Origanum
Origanum Origanum N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.
Wild marjoram Introduced
20120715Schwetzinger Hardt5.jpg
NYFA-X





Images, wsp
Genus Thymus[edit]
Lamiaceaesubfam. Nepetoideaetribe Mentheaesubtr. Menthinaegenus Thymus
Thymus Thyme N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 L.
Lemon thyme Introduced
Thymus pulegioides.jpg
NYFA-X





Images, wsp
 L.
Garden thyme Introduced
Thymus vulgaris 001.JPG
NYFA-X





Images, wsp

Tribe Ocimeae[edit]

Lamiaceaesubfam. Nepetoideaetribe Ocimeae
Lavandula Lavender N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
English lavender Introduced
Lavendel 2.jpg
Lavandula angustifolia NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-X0





Images, wsp
Ocimum Basil N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.
Sweet basil Introduced,
Impersistent
2008 03 15 - Ocimum basilicum 7.JPG
Ocimum basilicum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp

References[edit]