Flora of New York/Apiales

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Millerieae, Madieae, Eupatorieae
Flora of New York: Apiales
Dipsacales
Table of
contents
Genus
index
Protected species index Invasive species index


In New York, the order Apiales is represented by the ginseng and carrot families.

Family Araliaceae[edit]

The Araliaceae (ginseng family)

Subfamily Aralioideae[edit]

Tribe Aralieae[edit]

Genus Aralia[edit]
Araliaceae – subfam. Aralioideae – tribe Aralieae – genus Aralia
Aralia Spikenard N.Y. Status Images Distribution 5
 L. (1753)
Wild sarsaparilla,
American sarsaparilla,
Virginia sarsaparilla

Angélique à tige nue,
Salsepareille
Native,
Secure
Aralia nudicaulis 001.jpg
Aralia nudicaulis nymap.svg
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN

ARS ITIS


Images
 L. (1753)
ssp. racemosa
American spikenard,
Small spikenard
Native,
Secure
Aralia racemosa1.jpg
Aralia racemosa ssp racemosa nymap.svg
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN

ARS ITIS


Images
 Vent.
Bristly sarsaparilla Native,
Likely secure
Aralia nudicaulis.jpg
Aralia hispida nymap.svg
NYFA-4
NRCS-NN

ITIS


Images
 L.
Devil's Walking Stick,
Angelica-tree,
Hercules' club
Native,
Likely secure
Aralia spinosa 5423996.jpg
Aralia spinosa nymap.svg
NYFA-4
NRCS-N0
NE-5[1]

ITIS


Images
 (Miq.) Seem.

 (=) Dimorphanthus elatus Miq. 
Japanese angelica tree Introduced,
Very highly invasive,
NYIS: 80%,
Prohibited[2]
Aralia elata en fleur4081.jpg
Aralia elata nymap.svg
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX
NE-4[3]




Images
  1. Category 5 Plants - native invasives - Eastern Region invasive plants, ranked by degree of invasiveness as based on information from States (1998) US Forest Service
  2. New York State Department of Environmental Conservation Proposed Regulation 6 NYCRR Part 575 Prohibited and Regulated Invasive Species
  3. Category 4 Plants - local concern and monitoring - Eastern Region invasive plants, ranked by degree of invasiveness as based on information from States (1998) US Forest Service
Genus Panax[edit]

American ginseng (Panax quinquefolius), is widely collected for use as a medicinal herb.[1] Note that is illegal to harvest ginseng from State Lands.[2]

Araliaceae – subfam. Aralioideae – tribe Aralieae – genus Panax
Panax Ginseng N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 L. (1753)
Dwarf ginseng,
Groundnut
Native,
Secure
Panax trifolius 1883.jpg
Panax trifolius nymap.svg
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN

ARS ITIS


Images
L. (1753 as quinquefolium)
American ginseng,
Occidental ginseng,
Ginseng d'Amérique,
Ginseng à cinq folioles
Native,
Vulnerable
Panax quinquefolius FWS-4x3.jpg
Panax quinquefolius nymap.svg
NYFA-3-4
NRCS-NN

ARS ITIS


Images
Genus Eleutherococcus[edit]
Araliaceae – subfam. Aralioideae – tribe Aralieae – genus Eleutherococcus
Eleutherococcus Ginseng N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(Makino) Koidz. (1939)

 (=) Eleutherococcus pentaphyllus 
 (=) Acanthopanax sieboldianus 
 (=) Aralia pentaphylla 
Five-leaved aralia Introduced
Eleutherococcus-sieboldianus.JPG
Eleutherococcus sieboldianus nymap.svg
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX

ARS ITIS


Images

Tribe Hedereae[edit]

Araliaceae – subfam. Aralioideae – tribe Hedereae
Hedera Ivy N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 L.

1753. Hedera helix  L
1830. Hedera canariensis  Willd.
1830. H. helix var. canariensis DC.
1913. H. helix ssp. canariensis Cout.
English ivy Introduced from
 temperate Eurasia,
 northern Africa,
Moderately invasive,
NYIS: 66%[1],
CP-3[2] IPA
Starr 010419-0076 Hedera helix.jpg
Hedera helix nymap.svg
NYFA-X
NRCS-X0

ARS ITIS
Trop.

Images
 (G. Kirchn.) Bean

 (=) H. helix var. hibernica G. Kirchn. 
Atlantic ivy,
Irish ivy
Introduced
Hedera hibernica flower.jpg
Hedera hibernica nymap.svg
NYFA-X
NRCS-X0

ITIS


Images

Subfamily Hydrocotyloideae[edit]

Araliaceae – subfam. Hydrocotyloideae
Hydrocotyle Water pennywort N.Y. Status Images Distribution 5
L. (1753)
American water-pennywort,
American marsh-pennywort
Native,
Secure
Hydrocotyle americana drawing.pngImg spacer 2x87.pngHydrocotyle americana Notes-06.png
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN
NEW 



Images
L. (1753)
Many-flowered pennywort,
Many-flowered marsh-pennywort,
Dollarweed
Native,
Rare
Dying dollarweed.jpg
NYFA-3
NRCS-N?
NEW 



Images
L.f. (1782)
Floating pennywort Native,
Endangered
Hydrocotyle ranunculoides.jpg
NYFA-1




Images
Thunb. (1798)
var. verticillata
Whorled pennywort,
Whorled marsh-pennywort
Native,
Endangered
Hydrocotyle verticillata var triradiata1.jpg
NYFA-1
NEW 



Images
Thunb. (1798)
var. fetherstoniana

 (=) H. fetherstoniana 
Whorled pennywort,
Whorled marsh-pennywort
Native,
No recent reports
Hydrocotyle verticillata (aka).jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngStarr 020803-9002 Hydrocotyle verticillata.jpg
NYFA-Z
NEW 



Images

Family Apiaceae[edit]

The Apiaceae (carrot family)...

Subfamily Saniculoideae[edit]

Tribe Saniculeae[edit]

Apiaceae – subfam. Saniculoideae – tribe Saniculeae
Sanicula Sanicle N.Y. Status Images Distribution 4
var. canadensis & grandis
Short-styled sanicle,
Canadian blacksnakeroot
Native,
Secure
Sanicula canadensis drawing.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
NRCS-N
NEWFS




Images
Black snakeroot,
Maryland sanicle
Native,
Secure
Sanicula marilandica (5097951538).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
NRCS-N
NEWFS




Images
(Raf.) K.M.Pryer & L.R.Phillippe (1989)

 (=) Sanicula gregaria E.P.Bicknell 
 (=) Triclinium odoratum Raf. (1817) 
Common black snakeroot,
Clustered black snakeroot,
Clustered sanicle
Native,
Secure
Sanicula odorata NRCS-1.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
NEWFS




Images
Large-fruited sanicle,
Beaked snakeroot
Native,
Secure
Sanicula trifoliata BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
NEWFS




Images
Eryngium Eryngo N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
Marsh rattlesnake master Native,
No recent reports
Eryngium aquaticum.jpg
Eryngium aquaticum nymap.svg
NYFA-Z




Images
Seaside coyote-thistle Introduced
Eryngium maritimum Enfoque 2010-7-04 LagunadelaMata.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X




Images
Plain coyote-thistle Introduced
Eryngium-planum.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X




Images

Subfamily Apioideae[edit]

Tribe Oenantheae[edit]

Apiaceae – subfam. Apioideae – tribe Oenantheae
Sium Waterparsnip N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 Walter

1788. Sium suave  Walter
1789. Sium cicutifolium  Schrank
1987. Sium suave var. floridanum
Hemlock water-parsnip,
Water-parsnip,
Water-parsley
Native,
Secure
Sium suave - Water Parsnip.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN
NEW 
ARS ITIS
Trop.

Images
Cicuta Water-hemlock N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
Bulb-bearing water-hemlock,
Bulblet-bearing water hemlock,
Bulbous waterhemlock
Native,
Secure
Cicuta bulbifera 5498645.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
NRCS-N




Images
var. maculata
Spotted water hemlock,
Poison hemlock,
Beaver-poison,
Musquash-root,
Spotted cowbane
Native,
Secure
Cicuta maculata.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
NRCS-




Images
Cryptotaenia Honewort N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (L.) DC.

1753. Sison canadense  L.
1829. Cryptotaenia canadensis  DC.
1891. Deringa canadensis  Kuntze
Canada honewort Native,
Secure
Cryptotaenia canadensis BotGardBln07122011B-1.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
NRCS-N
NEW 
ARS 


Images
Ptilimnium Mock-bishopweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(Michx.) Raf.

1803. Ammi capillaceum  Michx.
1829. Discopleura capillacea  DC.
1830. Ptilimnium capillaceum  Raf.
Mock bishop-weed,
Threadleaf mockbishopweed,
Atlantic mock bishop-weed,
Herbwilliam
Native,
Rare
Ptilimnium capillaceum BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-3
NRCS-N0
NEW 
ITIS


Images
Lilaeopsis Grasswort N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (L.) Kuntze

1753. Hydrocotyle chinensis  L.
1803. Hydrocotyle lineata  Michx.
1818. Crantzia lineata  Nutt.
1891. Lilaeopsis lineata  Greene
1898. Lilaeopsis chinensis  Kuntze
Eastern grasswort,
Eastern lilaeopsis
Native,
Threatened
Lilaeopsis chinensis BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-2
NRCS-NN
NEW 
ARS ITIS


Images
OxypolisRaf. Cowbane N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (L.) Raf.

1753. Sium rigidius  L.
1830. Oxypolis rigidior  Raf.
Stiff cowbane,
Water-dropwort
Native,
Endangered
Oxypolis rigidior BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1
NRCS-NN
NEW 
ARS ITIS
Trop.

Images
Berula Waterparsnip N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
Cutleaf water parsnip,
Water parsnip
Native,
No recent reports
Tufière de Rolampont (26).JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Z
NRCS-NN




Images

Tribe Scandiceae[edit]

Subtribe Scandicinae[edit]
Apiaceae – subfam. Apioideae – tribe Scandiceae – subtr. Scandicinae
Osmorhiza Sweetroot N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
(Michx.) C.B.Clarke

1803. Myrrhis claytonii  Michx.
1879. Osmorhiza claytonii  C.B.Clarke
1897. Washingtonia claytonii  Britton
1916. Scandix claytonii  Koso-Pol.
Clayton's sweetroot,
Hairy sweet cicely,
Bland sweet-cicely
Native,
Secure
Osmorhiza claytonii NRCS-1.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngOsmorhiza claytonii BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.

Images
 (Torr.) DC.

1824. Myrrhis longistylis  Torr.
1830. Osmorhiza longistylis  DC.
1897. Washingtonia longistylis  Britton
Longstyle sweetroot,
Long-styled sweetroot,
Aniseroot,
Smooth sweet cicely,
Long-styled sweet-cicely
Native,
Secure
Osmorhiza longistylis 5473228.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN
NEW 
ARS ITIS
Trop.

Images
Chaerophyllum Chervil N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(L.) Crantz

1753. Scandix procumbens  L.
1767. C. procumbens  Crantz
Spreading chervil Native,
Endangered
Chaerophyllum procumbens NRCS-1.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngChaerophyllum procumbens BB-1913.png
Chaerophyllum procumbens nymap.svg
NYFA-1
NRCS-NN




Images
AnthriscusPers. Chervil N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 M. Bieb.
 (=) A. neglecta var. scandix  
 (=) A. scandicina Mansf., nom. illeg. 
Bur chervil Introduced
Kørvel.jpg
Nymap.svg

NRCS-XX




Images
 (L.) Hoffm.
 (=) A. longirostris Bertol.  
 (=) Cerefolium cerefolium 
 (=) Scandix cerefolium L. 
Common chervil,
Garden chervil
Introduced
Myrrhis odorata, Roomse kervel bloeiwijze.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX




Images
 (L.) Hoffm.
Wild chervil,
Cow parsley
Introduced,
Highly invasive,
NYIS: 79%,
Prohibited[1]
Anthriscus sylvestris 1.jpg
Anthriscus sylvestris nymap.svg
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX
CP-3[2]




Images
Subtribe Daucinae[edit]
Apiaceae – subfam. Apioideae – tribe Scandiceae – subtr. Daucinae
Daucus Wild-carrot N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
Wild carrot,
Queen Anne's lace
Introduced
Daucus carota May 2008-1 edit.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X




Images
Subtribe Torilidinae[edit]
Apiaceae – subfam. Apioideae – tribe Scandiceae – subtr. Torilidinae
Torilis Hedgeparsley N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (Houtt.) DC. (1830)
Japanese hedge parsley,
Erect hedge-parsley
Introduced,
Invasive
Torilis japonica.jpeg
Torilis japonica nymap.svg
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX
CP-3[1] IPA[2]




Images

Tribe Careae[edit]

Apiaceae – subfam. Apioideae – tribe Careae
Carum Carum N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
Caraway,
Anise
Introduced
Carum carvi 002.JPG
Carum carvi NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX




Images
Aegopodium Goutweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.

1753. Aegopodium podagraria  L.
1827. Carum podagraria  (L.) Roth
1889. Apium podagraria  (L.) Caruel
1900. A. podagraria var. variegatum L.H.Bailey
Bishop's goutweed,
Ground elder
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Moderately invasive,
NYIS: 64%[1],
CP-3[2], NE-2[3]
Aegopodium podagraria blatt.jpg
Aegopodium podagraria NY-dist-map.png

NYFA-X
NRCS-XX
NEW 
ARS ITIS
Trop.

Images
  1. New York non-native plant invasiveness assessmentAegopodium podagraria: Moderate (64).
  2. Appendix 3. Plant species that are considered moderately to highly invasive to natural areas in the central Finger Lakes region. Policy on the use of non-native plants in Cornell Plantations' accessioned collections (2009)
  3. Category 2 Plants - moderately invasive - Eastern Region invasive plants, ranked by degree of invasiveness as based on information from States (1998) US Forest Service

Tribe Pimpinelleae[edit]

Apiaceae – subfam. Apioideae – tribe Pimpinelleae
Pimpinella Burnet-saxifrage N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 L.

1753. Pimpinella saxifraga  L.
Solidstem burnet saxifrage,
Burnet-saxifrage
Introduced,
from Eurasia
Pimpinella saxifraga L. (8070509708).jpg
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX

ARS ITIS


Images
 (L.) Huds.

1753. Pimpinella saxifraga var. major L.
1762. Pimpinella major  Huds.
1771. Pimpinella magna  L.
Hollowstem burnet saxifrage,
Hollow-stemmed burnet-saxifrage
Introduced,
from Europe
Apiaceae - Pimpinella major-1.JPG
NYFA-X
NRCS-X0

ARS ITIS


Images

Tribe Coriandreae[edit]

Apiaceae – subfam. Apioideae – tribe Coriandreae
Coriandrum Coriander N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
Coriander Introduced
Coriandrum-sativum-20080330.JPG
Coriandrum sativum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX




Images

Tribe Apieae[edit]

Apiaceae – subfam. Apioideae – tribe Apieae
Apium Celery N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
Wild celery Introduced,
N. America native
Apium graveolens 01.jpg
Apium graveolens NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-XN




Images
Anethum Dill N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
Dill Introduced
Dill1.jpg
Anethum graveolens NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX




Images
Foeniculum Fennel N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
Sweet fennel Introduced
Starr 070908-9242 Foeniculum vulgare.jpg
Foeniculum vulgare NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX




Images
Levisticum Levisticum N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
Lovage Introduced
Juni 2012 Levisticum officinale mit Insekt Nordbaden.JPG
Levisticum officinale NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX




Images
Petroselinum Parsley N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (Mill.) Fuss

1768. Apium crispum  Mill.
1866. Petroselinum crispum  Fuss
1879. P. crispum  Nyman
1925. P. crispum  Nyman ex A.W.Hill
Parsley

Persil
Introduced
Flat Leaf Parsley123 008.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX
NEW 
ARS ITIS
Trop.

Images

Tribe Tordylieae[edit]

This tribe contains the parsnips and cowparsnips, the only native member of which is Heracleum maximum. Skin contact with any of these may cause phytophotodermatitis.

Apiaceae – subfam. Apioideae – tribe Tordylieae
Heracleum Cowparsnip N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
 Bartr.

 (=) Heracleum lanatum Michx. 
 (=) H. sphondylium ssp. montanum 
 (=) H. sphondylium var. lanatum 
Common cowparsnip Native,
Secure
Heracleum maximum 2.jpg
Heracleum maximum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN




Images
ssp. sibiricum
Common Hogweed,
Eltrot
Introduced
Apiaceae - Heracleum sphondylium.JPG
Heracleum sphondylium ssp sibiricum nymap.svg
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX




Images
Giant hogweed Introduced,
Highly invasive,
NYIS: H 72
Reuzenbereklauw.JPG
Heracleum mantegazzianum nymap.svg
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX
CP-3[1]




Images
Pastinaca Parsnip N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
Wild parsnip Introduced,
Invasive
20120725Reilingen55.jpg
Pastinaca sativa nymap.svg
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX
IPA[2] WW

ARS 


Images
  1. Appendix 3. Plant species that are considered moderately to highly invasive to natural areas in the central Finger Lakes region. Policy on the use of non-native plants in Cornell Plantations' accessioned collections (2009)
  2. Invasive Plant Atlas of the United States lists Pastinaca sativa invasive in MI, OH PA, TN, VA, WI

Tribe Selineae[edit]

Apiaceae – subfam. Apioideae – tribe Selineae
Taenidia Taenidia N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (L.) Drude

1753. Smyrnium integerrimum  L.
1898. Taenidia integerrima  Drude
Yellow pimpernel,
Yellow pimpernell

Ténidia à feuilles entières,
Ténidie très entière
Native,
Secure
Taenidia integerrima BB-1913.png
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS


Images
Zizia Zizia N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
Common golden Alexanders,
Golden Zizia
Native,
Secure
Zizia aurea a1.jpg
Zizia aurea NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN




Images
 (=) Zizia cordata  
Heartleaf golden Alexanders,
Meadow zizia
Native,
Likely secure
Zizia aptera drawing.png
Zizia aptera NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4
NRCS-NN




Images
Angelica Angelica N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
Great angelica,
Purplestem angelica
Native,
Secure
Angelica atropurpurea drawing 01.png
Angelica atropurpurea NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN




Images
 (=) Angelica villosa  
Hairy angelica Native,
Vulnerable
Angelica venenosa drawing.png
Angelica venenosa NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-3
NRCS-NX




Images
 (=) Coelopleurum spp.  
Angelica,
Seacoast angelica,
Seaside angelica
Native,
Endangered
Angelicalucida.jpg
Angelica lucida NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-2
NRCS-NN




Images
Ligusticum Licorice-root N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
ssp. scoticum
Scottish licorice-root Native,
Endangered
253 Ligusticum scoticum.jpg
Ligusticum scoticum ssp scoticum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-1
NRCS-NN




Images
Thaspium Meadow-parsnip N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 (Michx.) Nutt.

1803. Ligusticum barbinode  Michx.
1818. Thaspium barbinode  Nutt.
1887. T. barbinode var. angustifolium
1900. T. barbinode var. chapmanii
1933. Thaspium chapmanii  Small
Hairyjoint meadowparsnip,
Hairy-jointed meadowparsnip
Native,
Endangered
Thaspium barbinode BB-1913.png
NYFA-1
NRCS-NN

ITIS


Images
 (L.) A.Gray
var. aureum (L.) Britton

1753. Smyrnium aureum  L.
1818. Thaspium aureum  Nutt
1894. T. trifoliatum var. aureum Britton
1918. T. trifoliatum var. flavum S.F.Blake
Purple meadow-parsnip,
Smooth meadow-parsnip
Native,
Likely extirpated
Thaspium trifoliatum BB-1913.png
NYFA-Z
NRCS-NN

ITIS
Trop.

Images
Aethusa Aethusa N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
Fool's-parsley,
Poison parsley
Introduced
Aethusa cynapium 002.JPG
Aethusa cynapium NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX




Images
Peucedanum Masterwort N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(L.) W.D.J.Koch

1753. Imperatoria ostruthia  L.
1822. Imperatoria major  Gray
1824. Peucedanum ostruthium  W.D.J.Koch
Masterwort Introduced
Peudecanum ostruthium 002.JPG
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX

ARS ITIS
Trop.

Images

Tribe (unplaced)[edit]

Apiaceae – subfam. Apioideae – tribe (unplaced)
Conioselinum Hemlockparsley N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(L.) Britton, Sterns & Poggenb. 1888

1753. Athamanta chinense L.
1813. Cnidium chinense Spreng. ex Steud.
1900. Conioselinum pacificum J.M.Coult. & Rose
Hemlock parsley,
Eastern hemlockparsley,
Chinese hemlockparsley
Native,
Likely secure
Conioselinum chinense BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
NRCS-NN

ARS ITIS


Images
Erigenia Erigenia N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
Harbinger-of-spring,
Pepper-and-salt
Native,
Endangered
Harbinger of spring plant erigenia bulbosa.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngErigenia bulbosa BB.jpg
Erigenia bulbosa NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-1
NRCS-NN




Images
Conium Poison hemlock N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
Poison hemlock,
Deadly hemlock,
Poison parsley
Introduced
Conium maculatum Hauxley 6.jpg
Conium maculatum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX




Images