Flora of New York/Violales

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Cucurbitales, Celastrales, Oxalidales
Flora of New York: Violales
Linales, Hypericales, Malpighiales
Table of
contents
Genus
index
Protected species index Invasive species index



Hypericaceae, Podostemaceae, Elatinaceae
Flora of New York: Malpighiales (2): Violaceae
Salicaceae
Table of
contents
Genus
index
Protected species index Invasive species index


Family Violaceae[edit]

The Violaceae (violet family) ...

Subfamily Violoideae[edit]

Tribe Violeae[edit]

Genus Hybanthus[edit]

Of the four species of Hybanthus (greenviolets) that are native to North America, only Hybanthus concolor (the eastern greenviolet) has been discovered outside of cultivation in New York.

Violaceae – subfam. Violoideae – tribe Violeae – genus Hybanthus
Hybanthus Greenviolet N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(T.F.Forst.) Spreng. (1824)

 (=) Cubelium concolor (T.F.Forst.) Raf. 
 (=) Viola concolor T.F.Forst. 
Eastern greenviolet,
Hybanthe à fleurs verdâtres
Native,
Vulnerable
Hybanthus concolor BB-1913.png
Hybanthus concolor nymap.svg
NYFA-3-4
NRCS-NN

ARS ITIS


Images
Genus Viola[edit]

The Viola genus has about 50 species found outside of cultivation in New York. The majority of the species are native to the region, though a few are escaped garden exotics.

Viola sect. Chamaemelanium[edit]
Violaceae – subfam. Violoideae – tribe Violeae – genus Viola – sect. Chamaemelanium[1]
Viola subsect. Canadenses Violet N.Y. Status Images Distribution 57
 L. (1753)
var. canadensis

 (=) V. canadensis var. corymbosa 
Canada violet,
Canadian white violet
Native,
Secure
Viola canadensis (Orvokki) Kanadaviol C DSC03075.JPG
Viola canadensis var canadensis nymap.svg
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN

ARS ITIS


Images
Viola subsect. Orbiculares Violet N.Y. Status Images Distribution 57
 Michx. (1803)
Roundleaf yellow violet,
Round-leaved violet,
Violette à feuilles rondes
Native,
Secure
Round-leaf Yellow Violet (4506716756).jpg
Viola rotundifolia nymap.svg
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN

ARS ITIS


Images
Viola subsect. Nudicaules Violet N.Y. Status Images Distribution 57
 Aiton (1789)
var. pubescens
Downy yellow violet,
Smooth yellow violet,
Violette pubescente
Native,
Secure
Viola pubescens 5472129.jpg
Viola pubescens var pubescens nymap.svg
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN

ARS ITIS


Images
 Aiton (1789)
var. scabriuscula

 (=) V. pensylvanica var. leiocarpon 
 (=) V. pubescens var. leiocarpa 
 (=) V. eriocarpa 
Downy yellow violet Native,
Unranked
Viola pubescens scabriuscula FWS-2.jpg
Viola pubescens var scabriuscula nymap.svg
NYFA-U
NRCS-NN

ITIS


Images
 Aiton (1789)
var. peckii House (1923)
Downy yellow violet Native,
Unranked
Viola pubescens 5472128.jpg
Viola pubescens var peckii nymap.svg
NYFA-U
NRCS-N0

ITIS


Images
 Michx. (1803)
Halberdleaf yellow violet,
Halberd-leaved yellow violet
Introduced,
US South native,
Impersistent
Viola hastata BB-1913.pngImg spacer 2x87.pngHalberd-Leaf Violet (4526399519).jpg
Viola hastata nymap.svg
NYFA-X
NRCS-N0

ARS ITIS


Images
Viola sect. Plagiostigma[edit]
Violaceae – subfam. Violoideae – tribe Violeae – genus Viola – sect. Plagiostigma[1]
Viola subsect. Adnatae Violet N.Y. Status Images Distribution 57
 Pursh ex Goldie (1822)
Great-spurred violet,
Selkirk's violet
Native,
Secure
Viola selkirkii flower 1 AB.jpg
Viola selkirkii nymap.svg
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN

ARS ITIS


Images
Viola subsect. Stolonosae Violet N.Y. Status Images Distribution 57
 Willd. (1804)

 (=) Viola incognita Brainerd 
Sweet white violet,
Large-leaf white violet,
Willdenow's violet,
Woodland-white violet,
Violette méconnue
Native,
Unranked
Viola blanda WFNY-139B.png
NYFA-U
NRCS-NN

ARS ITIS


Images
 L. (1753)
ssp. lanceolata
Bog white violet,
Lance-leaved violet,
Lance-leaved water violet
Native,
Secure
Viola lanceolata 5497265.jpg
NYFA-4
NRCS-NN

ARS ITIS


Images
 F.E.Lloyd (1895)

 (=) V. pallens (Banks ex DC.) Brainerd 
 (=) V. pallens subreptans 
 (=) V. rotundifolia pallens 
Small white violet,
Smooth white violet,
Macloskey's violet,
Violette de macloskey
Native,
Secure
Viola macloskeyi 5496701.jpg
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN

ARS ITIS


Images
 A.Gray
Kidney-leaf white violet,
Kidney-leaved white violet,
Northern white violet,
White violet,
Violette réniforme
Native,
Secure
Viola renifolia 1215055.jpg
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN

ARS ITIS


Images
Viola × primulifolia
 L. (1753)
[ lanceolata × macloskeyi ssp. pallens ]

 (=) V. sublanceolata 
Primrose-leaf violet,
Primrose-leaved violet
Native,
Threatened
Viola primulifolia WFNY-140A.png
NYFA-2
NRCS-N0

ARS ITIS


Images
Viola × sublanceolata
House (pro hybr. 1924)
[ lanceolata × macloskeyi (as pallens) ]
Lance-leaved violet Native,
Impersistent
NYFA-Um
NRCS-NN

ITIS


Images
 House (1924)
[ lanceolata × ×primulifolia ]
Hybrid bog white violet violet
 & primrose-leaf violet
Native,
No recent reports
NYFA-H?
NRCS-N0

ARS ITIS


Images
 House (1924)
[ macloskeyi × ×primulifolia ]
Hybrid small white violet
 & primrose-leaf violet
Native,
Impersistent
NYFA-Um
NRCS-N0

ITIS


Images
Viola sect. Melanium[edit]

The Viola section Melanium contains plants commonly known as pansies.

Violaceae – subfam. Violoideae – tribe Violeae – genus Viola – sect. Melanium[1]
Viola sect. Melanium Pansy N.Y. Status Images Distribution 57
 Pursh
 (=) V. kitaibeliana auct. non Schult.  
 (=) V. kitaibeliana var. rafinesquei 
 (=) V. rafinesquei Greene 
Field pansy Native,
Endangered,
Note[2]
Viola bicolor jamestown1.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngViola bicolor BB-1913.png
NYFA-1
NRCS-NN




Images
 Murray
European field pansy,
Small wild pansy
Introduced
Viola arvensis 1.JPG
NYFA-X
NRCS-XW




Images
Johnny jumpup,
Three colored violet
Introduced
Violette Viola Tricolor.jpg





Images
  1. BioLib.cz - Viola sect. Melanium
  2. Native status of Viola bicolor is not clear. May be an introduction of the European Viola kitaibeliana Schult. or a New World relative of that species. NYFA
Viola sect. Viola subsect. Boreali-Americanae[edit]

The taxa of Viola subsection Boreali-Americanae W.Becker are native exclusively to North America (including northern Mexico). They are commonly referred to as the "stemless blue" violets, as the leaf petioles and flower peduncles arise directly from the rhizome instead of from a shared above-ground stem. Their classification has long been in flux, partially due to apparent introgressive hybridization within the subsection.

Violaceae – subfam. Violoideae – tribe Violeae – genus Viola – sect. Viola[1] – subsect. Boreali-Americanae
Viola subsect. Boreali-Americanae Stemless blue violets N.Y. Status Images Distribution 57
 Willd. (1809)
Common blue violet,
Hooded blue violet,
Common violet,
Sister violet
Native,
Secure
Viola sororia 5496713.jpg
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN

ARS ITIS


Images
 Leconte (1826)

 (=) V. sororia var. affinis 
 (=) V. sororia ssp. affinis 
Sand violet,
Le Conte's violet
Native,
Secure
Viola affinis 5496758.jpg
Viola affinis NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN

ARS ITIS


Images
Greene (1898)

 (=) V. sororia var. sororia 
Northern blue violet,
Northern woodland violet,
Violette septentrionale
Native,
Secure
Viola septentrionalis BB-1913.png
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN

ARS ITIS


Images
Greene (1896)

 (=) V. sororia var. affinis 
 (=) V. sororia var. sororia 
 (=) V. pratincola Brainerd 
Northern bog violet,
Wanderer violet,
Sand violet,
Violette néphrophylle,
Violete des calcaires
Native,
Endangered
Viola nephrophylla (4600731762) 4x3.jpg
NYFA-1
NRCS-NN

ARS ITIS


Images
House (1904)

 (=) V. sororia var. novae-angliae 
 (=) V. septentrionalis var. grisea 
New England violet,
New England blue violet
Native,
Endangered
Viola novae-angliae BB-1913.png
NYFA-1
NRCS-NN

ARS 


Images
Aiton (1789)

 (=) V. obliqua Hill (1768) 
Marsh blue violet,
Blue marsh violet,
Violette cucullée
Native,
Secure
Viola cucullata NRCS-1.jpg
Viola cucullata NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN

ARS 


Images
Aiton (1789)
var. ovata

 (=) V. fimbriatula Sm. 
Arrow-leaved violet Native,
Likely secure
Viola sagittata var ovata BB-1913.png
NYFA-4
NRCS-NN

ARS ITIS


Images
Aiton (1789)
var. sagittata

 (=) V. emarginata (Nutt.) Leconte 
Arrow-leaved violet,
Violette sagittée
Native,
Likely secure
Viola sagittata BB-1913.pngImg spacer 2x87.pngViola sagittata var sagittata BB-1913.png
NYFA-4
NRCS-NN




Images
Pollard (1898)

 (=) V. pedatifida var. brittoniana 
Coastal violet,
Northern coastal violet,
Britton’s violet
Native,
Endangered
Viola brittoniana BB-1913.pngImg spacer 2x87.pngViola brittoniana var pectinata BB-1913.png
NYFA-1
NRCS-N0

ARS ITIS


Images
Brainerd (1907)
Southern wood violet,
Southern woodland violet
Native,
Endangered,
No recent reports
Viola hirsutula BB-1913.png
Viola hirsutula NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-Z
NRCS-N0

ARS ITIS


Images
Viola × palmata
L. (pro sp. 1753)
[ brittoniana or pedatifida
     × affinis or sororia
]
Early blue violet,
Three-lobe violet,
Palmate-leaf violet,
Wood violet
Native,
Secure
Viola palmata a1.jpg
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN

ARS ITIS


Images
Viola × subsinuata
(Greene) Greene (pro sp. 1899)
[ pedatifida × sororia ]

 (=) V. × bernardii Greene 
 (=) V. angellae Pollard 
 (=) V. emarginata var. subsinuata 
 (=) V. palmata auct. non L. 
Palmate-leaved violet,
Early blue violet,
Bernard's violet
Native,
Secure
NYFA-5
NRCS-N0




Images
Greene (pro sp. 1906)
[ affinis × sororia ]

 (=) V. × columbiana House 
 (=) V. × consona House 
Hybrid sand violet
 & common blue violet
Native,
Endangered
NYFA-1?
NRCS-N0




Images
 House (1924)
[ affinis × sagittata ]

 (=) V. × dissena House 
Hybrid sand violet
 & arrow-leaved violet
Native,
Endangered
NYFA-1?
NRCS-N0

ITIS


Images
 House (1924)
[ affinis × triloba ]

 (=) V. × discors House 
 (=) V. × milleri Moldenke 
Slavin's violet,
Hybrid sand violet
 & three-lobe violet
Native,
Endangered
NYFA-1?
NRCS-N0

ITIS


Images
Greene (pro sp. 1899)
[ sagittata × sororia ]

 (=) V. × parca House (1924) 
Northern bog violet (hybrid),
Hybrid arrow-leaf violet
 & common blue violet
Native,
No recent reports
NYFA-H?
NYFA-U
NRCS-NN

ITIS


Images
Greene (pro sp. 1898)
[ sororia × triloba ]
Hybrid common blue violet
 & three-lobe violet
Native,
No recent reports
NYFA-H?
NRCS-NN




Images
Greene (pro sp. 1902)
[ septentrionalis × sororia ]

 (=) V. × montivaga House (1924) 
Hybrid Northern blue violet
 & common blue violet
Native,
No recent reports
NYFA-H?




Images
 House (1924)
[ hirsutula × × palmata ]

 (=) V. × dissita 
Hybrid southern wood violet
 & early blue violet
Native,
Likely extirpated
NYFA-Zm
NRCS-N0

ITIS


Images
 House (1924)
[ cucullata × sororia ]

 (=) V. × conturbata House 
Bissell's violet,
Hybrid marsh blue violet
 & common blue violet
Native,
Unranked
NYFA-U
NRCS-N0

ITIS


Images
House (1924)
[ affinis × septentrionalis ]
Hybrid sand violet
 & northern blue violet
Native,
Impersistent
NYFA-U




Images
 House (1924)
[ affinis × hirsutula ]

 (=) V. × dowelliana House 
Hybrid sand violet
 & southern wood violet
Native,
Impersistent
NYFA-U
NRCS-N0




Images
 House (1924)
[ affinis × cucullata ]
Hybrid sand violet
 & marsh blue violet
Native,
Unranked
NYFA-U
NRCS-N0

ITIS


Images
(Nutt.) Schwein. (pro sp. 1929)
[ hirsutula × sororia ]

 (=) V. × perpera House 
Hybrid southern wood violet
 & common blue violet
Native,
Impersistent
NYFA-Um
NRCS-N0

ITIS


Images
 House (1924)
[ × palmata × sagittata ]
Hybrid early blue violet
 & arrow-leaf violet
Native,
Impersistent
NYFA-Um
NRCS-N0

ITIS


Images
Pollard (pro sp. 1902)
[ brittoniana × sagittata ]

 (=) V. × marylandica House 
 (=) V. × holmiana House 
Hybrid northern coastal violet
 & arrow-leaf violet
Native,
Unranked
NYFA-U
NRCS-N0

ITIS


Images
Bicknell (pro sp. 1904)
[ brittoniana × cucullata ]
Hybrid northern coastal violet
 & marsh blue violet
Native,
Unranked
NYFA-U

ITIS


Images
 House (1924)
[ hirsutula × sagittata ]

 (=) V. × dimissa House 
Hybrid southern wood violet
 & arrow-leaf violet
Native,
Unranked
NYFA-U
NRCS-N0

ITIS


Images
 House (1924)
[ cucullata × × palmata ]

 (=) V. × notabilis Bickn. 
Ryon's violet,
Hybrid marsh blue violet
 & early blue violet
Native,
Unranked
NYFA-U
NRCS-N0

ITIS


Images
Viola sect. Viola subsect. Pedatae[edit]
Violaceae – subfam. Violoideae – tribe Violeae – genus Viola – sect. Viola – Pedatae
Viola subsect. Pedatae Violet N.Y. Status Images Distribution 57
 L.
Birdfoot violet,
Bird's-foot violet
Native,
Rare
Bird's Foot Violet (Viola pedata).jpg
NYFA-3
NRCS-NN




Images
Viola sect. Viola subsect. Rostratae[edit]
Violaceae – subfam. Violoideae – tribe Violeae – genus Viola – sect. Viola – Rostratae
Viola subsect. Rostratae Violet N.Y. Status Images Distribution 57
 Pursh (1814)
var. rostrata
Long-spur violet,
Violette à long éperon
Native,
Secure
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN

ARS ITIS


Images
 Sm. (1817)
var. adunca
 (=) Viola aduncoides  
 (=) Viola bellidifolia 
 (=) Viola cascadensis 
 (=) Viola montanensis 
 (=) Viola subvestita 
Sand violet,
Hookedspur violet,
Western dog violet
Native,
Likely secure
Viola adunca 1123.JPG
Viola adunca var adunca NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4
NRCS-NN

ARS 


Images
 Schrank (1818)

 (=) Viola conspersa Rchb. 
Alpine violet,
American dog violet,
Labrador violet,
Violette décombante,
Violette du labrador
Native,
Vulnerable
Alpine Violet Viola labradorica Plant 3008px.jpg
NYFA-3-5
NRCS-NN

ARS 


Images
 Aiton (1789)
Striped cream violet,
Cream-white violet,
Pale violet
Native,
Vulnerable
NYFA-3-4
NRCS-NN

ARS ITIS


Images
 H.E.Ballard (1989)
[ labradorica × striata ]
Hybrid American dog violet
  & striped cream violet
Native,
Unranked
NYFA-U
NRCS-NN

ITIS


Images
 House ( )
[ labradorica × rostrata ]
Hybrid American dog violet
  & long-spur violet
Native,
Unranked
NYFA-U
NRCS-NN

ITIS


Images
Viola sect. Viola subsect. Viola[edit]
Violaceae – subfam. Violoideae – tribe Violeae – genus Viola – sect. Viola – Viola
Viola subsect. Viola Violet N.Y. Status Images Distribution 57
 L.
English violet,
Sweet violet
Introduced
Viola odorata fg01.JPG
Viola odorata NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX




Images

Violaceae
Flora of New York: Malpighiales (3): Salicaceae
Euphorbiaceae, Linaceae
Table of
contents
Genus
index
Protected species index Invasive species index


Family Salicaceae[edit]

The Salicaceae (willow family) in New York contains the two tree genera Populus and Salix. The classification of this family is based in part on Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2010), "Flora of North America: Magnoliophyta: Salicaceae to Brassicaceae", Oxford University Press.

Subfamily Salicoideae[edit]

Genus Populus[edit]

Salicaceae – subfam. Salicoideae – subtr. Populus
Populus Poplar, Cottonwood N.Y. Status Images Distribution 11
 Michx.

.
Quaking aspen,
Quaking poplar
Native,
Secure
Populus tremuloides 8163.jpg
Populus tremuloides NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN

ARS 


Images

.
Big-toothed aspen Native,
Secure
Large-toothed aspen leaf (Grasett Twp).JPG
Populus grandidentata NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5




Images
W.Bartram ex Marshall

.
Eastern cottonwood Native,
Secure
Populus deltoides NRCS-1.jpg
Populus deltoides NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN
PFS




Images
 L.

1753. Populus balsamifera  L.
1768. Populus tacamahacca  Mill.
1789. Populus candicans  Aiton
1905. Populus michauxii  Dode
Balsam poplar Native,
Likely secure
Populus balsamifera (5002984834).jpg
NYFA-4-5
NRCS-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA 

Images
Swamp cottonwood Native,
Threatened
Populus heterophylla seeds.jpg
Populus heterophylla NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-2
MA




Images
 B.Boivin

  Populus grandidentata ×
  Populus tremuloides

1966. Populus × smithii  B.Boivin
1970. Populus × barnesii  W.H.Wagner
Smith's poplar Native,
Endangered
Big-Tooth-Aspen.gifImg spacer 2x87.pngPopulus tremuloides foliage.jpg
Populus × smithii nymap.svg
NYFA-1?
NRCS-NN
NEW 
ITIS
FNA Trop.

Images
 Sarg.

  Populus balsamifera ×
  Populus deltoides
Balm-of-Gilead,
Jack's popular
Introduced,
N. America native
Populus × jackii NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-NX
NEW 
ARS 


Images
 L.
White poplar Introduced,
Invasive,
CP-5[1]
Populus alba leaf.jpg
Populus alba NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX




Images
Black cottonwood,
Lombardy poplar
Introduced,
Invasive
Populus nigra (4999110694).jpg
Populus nigra NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX




Images

  Populus deltoides ×
  Populus nigra
Carolina poplar,
Canadian poplar
Introduced,
N. America native
Populus, Melampsora larici-populina teleutosori.jpg
Populus × canadensis NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-NN




Images

  Populus alba ×
  Populus tremula
Gray poplar Introduced
Populus × canescens (fall foliage).jpg
Populus × canescens NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X




Images

  Populus alba ×
  Populus grandidentata
Hybrid poplar Introduced
Nymap.svg
NRCS-N?




Images
 B.Boivin

  Populus alba ×
  Populus tremuloides

1966. Populus × heimburgeri  B.Boivin
.
.
.
Heimburger's poplar Introduced,
No specimens
Nymap.svg




IPN
Images

{{fny-table-end|XXX|

  1. Appendix 5. Plant species of concern (Watch List) within the central Finger Lakes region. Policy on the use of non-native plants in Cornell Plantations' accessioned collections (2009)

Genus Salix[edit]

The genus Salix contains the trees and shrubs known as willows, of which about 36 native or naturalized taxa have been discovered in New York. The organization used here is based in part on George W. Argus (1999) "Classification of Salix in the New World" and Flora of North America, Vol. 7, Salicaceae.

Salix subg. Protitea[edit]
Salicaceae – subfam. Salicoideae – genus Salix – subg. Protitea
Salix sect. Humboldtianae Willow N.Y. Status Images Distribution 36
 Marshall (1785)
Black willow Native,
Secure
Colonial Lake Park 11.jpg
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN

ARS ITIS
FNA 

Images
Andersson (1858)
Peach-leaved willow Native,
Likely secure
Salix amygdaloides NRCS-3.jpg
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN

ARS ITIS
FNA 

Images
Salix subg. Longifoliae[edit]
Salicaceae – subfam. Salicoideae – genus Salix – subg. Longifoliae
Salix sect. Longifoliae Willow N.Y. Status Images Distribution 36
 Rowlee (1900)

 (=) Salix exigua ssp. interior 
 (=) Salix linearifolia Rydb. 
 (=) Salix longifolia Muhl. 
 (=) Salix rubra Richardson 
Sandbar willow Native,
Secure
Salix interior NRCS-4.jpg
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN

ARS ITIS
FNA 

Images
Salix subg. Chamaetia[edit]
Salicaceae – subfam. Salicoideae – genus Salix – subg. Chamaetia
Salix sect. Myrtilloides Willow N.Y. Status Images Distribution 36
 Pursh (1813)

 (=) Salix myrtilloides var. hypoglauca 
 (=) Salix myrtilloides var. pedicellaris 
 (=) Salix pedicellaris var. hypoglauca 
 (=) Salix pedicellaris var. tenuescens 
Bog willow Native,
Secure
Salix pedicellaris 5472344.jpg
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN

ARS ITIS
FNA 

Images
Salix sect. Myrtosalix Willow N.Y. Status Images Distribution 36
 Pursh (1813)

 (=) Salix ivigtutiana 
 (=) Salix cutleri 
 (=) Salix myrsinites var. parvifolia 
 (=) Salix arbuscula var. labradorica 
Bearberry cutleri Native,
Threatened
Salix uva-ursi.jpg
NYFA-2
NRCS-NN

ARS ITIS
FNA 

Images
Salix sect. Herbella Willow N.Y. Status Images Distribution 36
 L.
Snowbed willow,
Dwarf willow,
New England dwarf willow
Native,
Endangered
Salix herbacea002.jpg
NYFA-1
NRCS-NN

ARS ITIS
FNA 

Images
Salix subg. Vetrix [edit]
Salicaceae – subfam. Salicoideae – genus Salix – subg. Vetrix
Salix sect. Fulvae Willow N.Y. Status Images Distribution 36
 Sarg. (1895)

 (=) Salix perrostrata 
 (=) Salix rostrata 
Bebb willow,
Bebb's willow,
Beak willow,
Long beak willow,
Gray willow
Native,
Secure
Salix bebbiana (7894231876).jpg
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN

ARS ITIS
FNA 

Images
Salix sect. Candidae Willow N.Y. Status Images Distribution 36
 Flugge ex Willd. (1806)

 (=) Salix candidula Nieuwl. 
Sage willow,
Sage-leaf willow,
Hoary willow
Native,
Secure
Salix candida(01).jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngWeide (Salix candida) 5829.JPG
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN

ARS 
FNA 

Images
Salix sect. Cordatae Willow N.Y. Status Images Distribution 36
 Michx. (1803)
ssp. eriocephala
var. eriocephala

 (=) Salix cordata Muhl. (1803) 
Missouri willow,
Missouri river willow,
Diamond willow,
Heart-leaved willow
Native,
Secure
Salix eriocephala var. watsonii (4996656547).jpg
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN

ARS ITIS
FNA 

Images
Salix eriocephala × sericea

 (=) Salix cordata × sericea 
 (=) Salix rigida × sericea 
 (=) Salix × bebbii nom. inval. 
Hybrid Missouri & silky willow Native,
Secure
NYFA-5




Images
Salix sect. Geyerianae Willow N.Y. Status Images Distribution 36
 Sm. (1802)

 (=) Salix gracilis 
 (=) Salix subsericea 
Meadow willow,
Slender willow
Native,
Secure
Salix petiolaris BB-1913.png
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN

ARS ITIS


Images
Salix petiolaris × sericea
Hybrid meadow & silky willow Native,
Unranked
NYFA-U




Images
Salix candida × petiolaris
Hybrid sage & meadow willow Native,
Unranked
NYFA-U




Images
Salix eriocephala × petiolaris

 (=) Salix petiolaris × rigida 
Hybrid Missouri & meadow willow Native,
Unranked
NYFA-U




Images
Salix sect. Griseae Willow N.Y. Status Images Distribution 36
 Marshall (1785)

 (=) Salix coactilis Fernald 
 (=) Salix petiolaris var. sericea 
Silky willow Native,
Secure
Salix sericea NRCS-1.jpg
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN

ARS ITIS
FNA 

Images
Salix sect. Hastatae Willow N.Y. Status Images Distribution 36
 Andersson (1867)

 (=) Salix balsamifera 
 (=) Salix cordata var. balsamifera 
Balsam willow Native,
Rare
Salix pyrifolia BB-1913.png
NYFA-3
NRCS-NN

ARS ITIS


Images
 Michx. (1803)

 (=) Salix adenophylla Hook. 
 (=) Salix syrticola Fernald 
Heartleaf willow,
Sand dune willow,
Furry willow
Native,
Threatened
Salix Cordata-Weldy.jpg
NYFA-2
NRCS-NN

ARS ITIS
FNA 

Images
Salix sect. Cinerella Willow N.Y. Status Images Distribution 36
 Muhl. (1803)
Pussy willow,
Large pussy willow,
American willow,
American pussy willow
Native,
Secure
Pussy willow branch.jpg
NYFA-5




Images
 Marshall (1785)
var. humilis
Prairie willow,
Tall prairie willow,
Upland willow
Native,
Secure
Salix humilis NRCS-2.jpg
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN

ARS ITIS
FNA 

Images
 Marshall (1785)
var. tristis

 (=) Salix tristis 
Dwarf prairie willow Native,
Vulnerable
Salix humilis var tristis BB-1913.png
NYFA-3-4
NRCS-N0

ARS ITIS
FNA 

Images
 L. (1753)
Goat willow,
Pussy willow,
Hoary willow,
Great sallow
Introduced from
 Eurasia
Biene Weide.JPG
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX

ARS ITIS
FNA 

Images
 L. (1753)
European gray willow,
Large gray willow,
Pussy willow,
Common sallow,
Saule cendré
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Invasive
Salix cinerea flowers-4.jpg
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX

ARS ITIS
FNA 

Images
 Brotero (1804)

 (=) Salix cinerea ssp. atrocinerea 
 (=) Salix cinerea ssp. oleifolia 
 (=) Salix oleifolia 
Rusty willow,
Rusty sallow,
Large gray willow
Introduced from
 Europe, Africa,
Invasive
Salix.jpg
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX

ARS 


Images
Salix sect. Helix Willow N.Y. Status Images Distribution 36
 L. (1753)
Basket willow,
Purple willow,
Purple osier,
Osier rouge,
Saule pourpre
Introduced,
Of concern
Salix purpurea 001.jpg
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX
CP-5[1]

ARS ITIS
FNA 

Images
Salix sect. Viminella Willow N.Y. Status Images Distribution 36
 L. (1753)
Basket willow,
Osier,
Silky osier
Introduced,
Impersistent
Salix viminalis 012.JPG
NYFA-Xm
NRCS-XX


FNA 

Images
  1. Appendix 5. Plant species of concern (Watch List) within the central Finger Lakes region. Policy on the use of non-native plants in Cornell Plantations' accessioned collections (2009)
Salix subg. Salix[edit]
Salicaceae – subfam. Salicoideae – genus Salix – subg. Salix
Salix sect. Salicaster Willow N.Y. Status Images Distribution 36
 Muhl. (1803)
ssp. lucida

 (=) Pleiarina lucida 
Shining willow,
Glossy willow
Native,
Secure
Salix lucida NRCS-1.jpg
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN

ARS ITIS
FNA 

Images
(L.H.Bailey) Fernald (1903)

 (=) Salix lucida var. serissima 
 (=) Salix arguta var. alpigena 
 (=) Salix arguta var. pallescens 
Autumn willow Native,
Secure
Salix serissima BB-1913.png
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN

ARS ITIS
FNA 

Images
 L. (1753)
Laurel willow Introduced
P1010563-salix-pentandra.JPG
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX




Images
Salix sect. Salix Willow N.Y. Status Images Distribution 36
 L.
White willow Introduced
P1000673 Salix alba (Vitellina) (Salicaceae) Leaf.JPG
NYFA-X




Images
 L. (1753)
[ S. alba × S. euxina ]

 (=) Salix × rubens Schrank Baier. 
Hybrid crack willow,
Brittle willow,
Saule cassant
Introduced
Salix fragilis 001.jpg
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX




Images
 Simonkai
[ S. alba × S. babylonica ]
Weeping willow Introduced
Salix sepulcralis chrysocoma 0.8 R.jpg





Images
 Fernald
[ S. alba × S. lucida ]

 (=) Salix × ehrhartiana auct. 
Hybrid white & shining willow Introduced
Salix alba - female inflorescences.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngSalix lucida BB-1913.png
NYFA-X

ITIS
FNA 

Images
Salix sect. Subalbae Willow N.Y. Status Images Distribution 36
 Wender. (1831)
[ S. babylonica × S. euxina ]

 (=) Salix babylonica auct. non L. 
 (=) Salix elegantissima K.Koch 
 (=) Salix × blanda Anderss. (pro sp.) 
Wisconsin weeping willow,
Weeping crack willow
Introduced
Salix × pendulina BB-1913.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX

ARS ITIS
FNA 

Images
 Koidz. (1915)

 (=) Salix babylonica var. pekinensis 
Corkscrew willow,
Peking willow,
Tortured willow
Introduced,
Impersistent,
Asia native[1]
Salix babylonica a1.jpg
NYFA-Xm
NYFA-X

ARS ITIS


Images
  1. Salix matsudana is used for ornament and restoration. Naturalizing status in New York is questionable.