Flora of New York/Poales 4

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Poales 3
Flora of New York: Poaceae 4: Poeae
Commelinales, Cannales, Ceratophyllales
Table of
contents
Genus
index
Protected species index Invasive species index


Poales genus index

Family Poaceae (cont'd)[edit]

Subfamily Pooideae (cont'd)[edit]

Tribe Poeae[edit]

Subtribe Torreyochloinae[edit]
Poaceae – subfam. Pooideae – tribe Poeae – subtr. Torreyochloinae
Torreyochloa False manna grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 (Torr.) Church (1964)
var. fernaldii
 (=) Glyceria fernaldii  
 (=) Glyceria pallida var. fernaldii 
 (=) Puccinellia fernaldii 
 (=) Torreyochloa fernaldii 
Fernald's false mannagrass Native,
Secure
Torreyochloa pallida var fernaldii (as Glyceria fernaldii) HC-1950.png
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN

ARS ITIS

Images
 (Torr.) Church (1964)
var. pallida

 (=) Glyceria pallida 
 (=) Panicularia pallida 
 (=) Puccinellia pallida 
Pale false mannagrass,
Pale mannagrass
Native,
Secure
Torreyochloa pallida var pallida (as Glyceria pallida) HC-1950.png
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN



Images
Subtribe Aveninae[edit]
Poaceae – subfam. Pooideae – tribe Poeae – subtr. Aveninae[1]
SphenopholisScribn. Wedge scale N.Y. Status Images Distribution 4
(Biehler) Scribn. (1906)
Shiny wedge grass Native,
Secure
Sphenopholis nitida HC-1950.png
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN

ITIS

Images
(Rydb.) Rydb. (1909)
Slender wedgescale Native,
Secure
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN

ITIS

Images
(Michx.) Scribn. (1906)
Prairie wedgegrass,
Prairie wedgescale
Native,
Endangered
NYFA-1
NRCS-NN

ARS 

Images
(L.) Hitchc. (1915)

 (=) Avena pennsylvanica 
 (=) Trisetum pensylvanicum 
 (=) S. pennsylvanica 
Swamp wedgescale Native,
Endangered
Sphenopholis pensylvanica HC-1950.png
NYFA-1
NRCS-N0

ITIS

Images
Trisetum Oat grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 (L.) K.Richt.
Narrow false oats,
Spike trisetum
Native,
Secure
Trisetum spicatum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN



Images
 (L.) P.Beauv.

 (=) Avena flavescens 
Yellow oats Introduced,
Impersistent
NYFA-Xm
NRCS-XW



Images
Graphephorum False oat N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(Michx.) Desv. (1810)
False melic,
Purple false oat,
Trisèe fausse-mélique
Native,
Endangered
Graphephorum melicoides BB-1913.pngImg spacer 2x87.pngGraphephorum melicoides HC-1950.png
Graphephorum melicoides NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-1
NRCS-NN

ITIS

Images
Koeleria June grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(Ledeb.) Schult.
Prairie Junegrass Introduced,
N. America native
Koeleria macrantha (6244462456).jpg
NYFA-X
NRCS-NN

ITIS

Images
Arrhenatherum Oat grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(L.) P.Beauv. ex J.Presl & C.Presl
ssp. elatius
Tall oatgrass Introduced
Arrhenatherum elatius Habitus 2010-6-08 DehesaBoyaldePuertollano.jpg
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX



Images
Avena Oat N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 L.

 (=) Avena hybrida 
Wild oat Introduced
Avena fatua0.jpg
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX



Images
 L.

 (=) Avena byzantina 
 (=) Avena fatua var. sativa 
Common oat,
Cultivated oat
Introduced
Avena sativa black oat, zwarte haver (1).jpg
NYFA-X
NRCS-XW



Images
Rostraria Hair grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (L.) Tzvelev

 (=) Festuca cristata 
 (=) Koeleria gerardii 
 (=) Koeleria phleoides 
Mediterranean hairgrass Introduced,
Impersistent
Rostraria cristata Habitus 2011-6-11 CampodeCalatrava.jpg
NYFA-Xm
NRCS-X0



Images
  1. Aveninae J.Presl in C.Presl, Reliq. Haenk. 1:246. Jan–Jun 1830
Subtribe Cinninae[edit]

According to Soreng et. al. (2012)[f 1] Cinninae should be included in Poinae above.

Poaceae – subfam. Pooideae – tribe Poeae – subtr. Cinninae[1]
Cinna Wood reed N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 L.
Stout woodreed,
Sweet woodreed,
Wood reedgrass
Native,
Secure
Cinna arundinacea.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngCinna arundinacea NRCS-1.jpg
Cinna arundinacea NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN



Images
 (Trevis. ex Goepp.) Griseb.
Drooping woodreed,
Slender wood reedgrass
Native,
Secure
Cinna latifolia (6081577824).jpg
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN



Images
  1. Cinninae Caruel, Epit. Fl. Europ. 1:69. Jan 1892
Subtribe Phalaridinae[edit]
Poaceae – subfam. Pooideae – tribe Poeae – subtr. Phalaridinae
Anthoxanthum Vernal grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 5
(Weber) Y.Schouten & Veldkamp
ssp. nitens

 (=) Hierochloe odorata 
Vanilla grass Native,
Secure
Hierochloe odorata Parc floral.JPG
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN



Images
(Schrank) Y.Schouten & Veldkamp

 (=) A. hirtum ssp. arcticum 
 (=) Hierochloe hirta ssp. arctica 
 (=) Hierochloe odorata ssp. arctica 
Northern sweet grass Native,
Unranked
Anthoxanthum hirtum 3920004431.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngAnthoxanthum hirtum 3920787660.jpg
NYFA-U
NRCS-N0

ITIS

Images
(Bigelow) Veldkamp
ssp. monticola
Alpine sweetgrass Native,
Endangered
Anthoxanthum monticola ssp monticola NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-1
NRCS-NN



Images
Sweet vernal grass Introduced




Images
var. aristatum
Small sweet vernal grass Introduced




Images
Phalaris Phalaris N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
Reed canary grass Introduced

CP-3[1]



Images
Common canary grass Introduced
NYFA-



Images
  1. Appendix 3. Plant species that are considered moderately to highly invasive to natural areas in the central Finger Lakes region. Policy on the use of non-native plants in Cornell Plantations' accessioned collections (2009)
Subtribe Brizinae[edit]
Poaceae – subfam. Pooideae – tribe Poeae – subtr. Brizinae
Briza Quaking grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
 L.
Big quakinggrass,
Large quaking grass
Introduced
Briza maxima .jpg
Briza maxima NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX



Images
 L.
Perennial quaking grass Introduced
Zittergras Briza media 01.jpg
NYFA-X
NRCS-XW



Images
 L.
Little quakinggrass Introduced,
Questionable
Briza minor3.jpg
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX



Images
Subtribe Agrostidinae[edit]
Genus Agrostis[edit]
Poaceae – subfam. Pooideae – tribe Poeae – subtr. Agrostidinae – genus Agrostis
Agrostis Bentgrass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 8

 (=) A. altissima (Walter) Tuck. 
Autumn bent,
Upland bent
Native,
Secure
Agrostis perennans HC-1950.png
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN



Images
 Willd.

 (=) A. geminata 
Rough bentgrass Native,
Secure
Agrostis scabra HC-1950-mod.png
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN



Images
 (Walter)
Britton, Sterns & Poggenb. (1888)

 (=) A. antecedens E.P.Bicknell 
 (=) A. hiemalis, orth. var. 
 (=) Cornucopiae hyemalis Walter 
Southern hairgrass,
Southern ticklegrass,
Winter bentgrass
Native,
Likely secure
Agrostis hyemalis.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngAgrostis hyemalis (as A. hiemalis) HC-1950.png
NYFA-4-5
NRCS-NN



Images
 Trin. (1836)

 (=) A. borealis Hartm. (1843) 
Agrostide de Mertens,
Arctic bentgrass,
Northern bentgrass
Native,
Threatened
Agrostis mertensii HC-1905.png
NYFA-2



Images
 L. (1753)

 (=) A. alba auct. non L. 
 (=) A. maritima Lam. 
 (=) A. palustris Huds. 
Creeping bentgrass Introduced,
N. America native,
Nativity in question
Agrostis stolonifera HC-1935.png
NYFA-X5
NRCS-XX



Images
 L. (1753)

 (=) A. canina var. varians 
Agrostide des chiens,
Velvet bent,
Velvet bentgrass
Introduced,
N. America native
Agrostis canina Habitus 2010-4-02 SierraMadrona.jpg
NYFA-X
NRCS-NW

ARS ITIS

Images

 (=) Agrostis stricta 
 (=) Agrostis sylvatica 
 (=) Agrostis tenuis 
 (=) Agrostis vulgaris 
Rhode Island bent,
Rhode Island bentgrass,
Colonial bent,
Colonial bentgrass
Introduced
Agrostis tenuis Habitus 2011-6-25 SierraMadrona.jpg
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX



Images
 (=) Agrostis alba auct. non L.  
 (=) Agrostis nigra 
 (=) A. stolonifera ssp. gigantea 
 (=) A. stolonifera var. major 
Redtop,
Black bentgrass
Introduced,
Moderately invasive
Agrostis gigantea ligula.jpeg
NYIS: M 68
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX



Images
Genus Ammophila[edit]
Poaceae – subfam. Pooideae – tribe Poeae – subtr. Agrostidinae – genus Ammophila
Ammophila Beachgrass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 Fernald
ssp. breviligulata
American beachgrass Native,
Secure
Ammophila breviligulata Leland June.jpg
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN



Images
 Fernald
ssp. champlainensis
Lake Champlain beachgrass Native,
Endangered
Ammophila breviligulata, Pancake Bay 1.jpg
NYFA-1
NRCS-NN



Images

}}

Genus Calamagrostis[edit]
Poaceae – subfam. Pooideae – tribe Poeae – subtr. Agrostidinae – genus Calamagrostis
Calamagrostis Reed grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 11
(Michx.) P. Beauv.
var. canadensis
Bluejoint,
Blue-joint reedgrass
Native,
Secure
Bluejoint (Unorg Algoma).JPG
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN



Images
(Michx.) P. Beauv.
var. langsdorfii
Bluejoint Native,
Endangered
Calamagrostis canadensis var. langsdorfii HC-1950.png
Calamagrostis canadensis var langsdorfii NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-1?
NRCS-NN

ITIS

Note [1]
Images
(Michx.) P. Beauv.
var. macouniana
Macoun's reedgrass Native,
Unranked
Calamagrostis canadensis var. macouniana (as C. macouniana) BB-1913.pngImg spacer 2x87.pngCalamagrostis canadensis var. macouniana HC-1950.png
NYFA-N
NRCS-NN



Images
(Torr.) Eaton (1829)

 (=) C. cinnoides
  
(Muhl.) W.P.C.Barton (nom. illeg.) 
 (=) Arundo coarctata Torr. (1823) 
Arctic reedgrass,
Nuttall's reedgrass
Native,
Likely secure
Calamagrostis coarctata (as C. cinnoides) HC-1935.png


ARS ITIS

Images
 A.Gray
Pickering's reedgrass,
Pickering's reed bent-grass
Native,
Rare
Calamagrostis pickeringii HC-1950.pngImg spacer 2x87.pngCalamagrostis pickeringii BB-1913.png
Calamagrostis pickeringii NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-3
NRCS-NN

ITIS

Images
 (Timm) Koeler
ssp. inexpansa

 (=) Calamagrostis hyperborea 
 (=) Calamagrostis inexpansa 
 (=) Calamagrostis lacustris 
Northern reedgrass Native,
Threatened
Calamagrostis stricta 01.jpg
Calamagrostis stricta ssp inexpansa NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-2
NRCS-NN



Images
 (Timm) Koeler
ssp. stricta

 (=) Calamagrostis neglecta 
Slim-stemmed small-reedgrass Native,
Endangered
Calamagrostis stricta and Carex utriculata (6168429172).jpg
Calamagrostis stricta ssp stricta NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-1



Images
 A.Gray
ssp. porteri
Porter's reedgrass Native,
Endangered
Calamagrostis porteri BB-1913.pngImg spacer 2x87.pngCalamagrostis porteri HC-1950.png
Calamagrostis porteri ssp porteri NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-1-2
NRCS-N0

ARS ITIS

Images
Wood reed grass Native,
Endangered,
Endemic
Calamagrostis perplexa HC-1950.pngImg spacer 2x87.pngCalamagrostis perplexa BB-1913.png
NYFA-1
NRCS-N0



Images
(L.) Roth (1852)
var. georgica

 (=) C. arenicola 
 (=) C. epigeios ssp. glomerata 
Feathertop,
Chee reedgrass
Introduced,
Common
Calamagrostis epigejos detail.jpeg
NYFA-X
NRCS-X0

ITIS

Note [2]
Images
 (L.) Roth
var. epigeios
Feathertop,
Chee reedgrass
Introduced,
Very rare
Calamagrostis-epigejos-02.jpg
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX

ITIS

Images
Genus Polypogon[edit]
Poaceae – subfam. Pooideae – tribe Poeae – subtr. Agrostidinae – genus Polypogon
Polypogon Rabbitsfoot grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
Kunth (1816)
Ditch rabbitsfoot grass,
Ditch polypogon
Introduced,
N. America native,
Impersistent
Starr 050407-6313 Polypogon interruptus.jpg
NYFA-Xm
NRCS-N0

ARS ITIS

Images
(L.) Desf. (1798)

 (=) Alopecurus monspeliensis L. 
Annual rabbit-foot grass Introduced
Polypogon monspeliensis 3881578658.jpg
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX

ARS ITIS

Images
Subtribe Coleanthinae[edit]
Poaceae – subfam. Pooideae – tribe Poeae – subtr. Coleanthinae
Puccinellia Alkali grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 4
 (Jacq.) Parl.
Weeping alkaligrass Introduced
Puccinellia distans blatt.jpeg
NYFA-X
NRCS-MX



Images
Salt marsh alkaligrass,
Salt marsh goosegrass
Introduced
Puccinellia fasciculata (as Glyceria borreri) Flora Batava v16.jpg




Images
Seaside alkaligrass,
Seaside speargrass
Introduced
Puccinellia maritima.jpeg




Images
British alkaligrass,
Goosegrass
Introduced
Poa procumbens — Flora Batava — Volume v5.jpg




Images
Sclerochloa Hard grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (L.) P.Beauv.
Common hardgrass,
Fairground grass
Introduced,
Impersistent,
Wool mill waif
Sclerochloa dura (3733566393).jpg
NYFA-Xm
NRCS-XN
GMW[1]



Images
  1. Grass Manual on the Web and USDA-NRCS seem to contradict about the North American nativity of Sclerochloa dura.
Subtribe Airinae[edit]
Poaceae – subfam. Pooideae – tribe Poeae – subtr. Airinae
Avenella Hair grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (L.) Drejer (1838)

 (=) Aira flexuosa 
 (=) Deschampsia flexuosa 
 (=) Deschampsia flexuosa var. montana 
Wavy hair grass Native,
Secure
Deschampsia-flexuosa-01.jpg
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN

ITIS

Images
DeschampsiaP.Beauv. Hair grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
V.N.Vassil. (1940)

 (=) D. cespitosa ssp. glauca auct. 
 (=) D. cespitosa var. glauca auct. 
 (=) D. glauca auct. non Hartm. (1820) 
Glaucous hairgrass,
Small tufted hairgrass
Native,
Likely secure
Deschampsia cespitosa.JPG
NYFA-4
NRCS-NN

ITIS

Note [1]
Images
(Trin.) Munro

 (=) Aira danthonioides Trin. 
 (=) D. calycina J. Presl 
Annual hairgrass Introduced,
N. America native,
Waif
Deschampsia danthonioides NRCS-1.pngImg spacer 2x87.pngDeschampsia danthonioides HC-1950.png
Deschampsia danthonioides NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-NN



Images
 (L.) P.Beauv.
MacKenzie's hairgrass,
Eurasian tufted hairgrass,
Tufted hairgrass
Introduced
Deschampsia cespitosa ligula.jpeg
Deschampsia cespitosa NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN

ITIS

Images
Vahlodea Hair grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(Wahlenb.) Fr. ex Hartm. (1843)

 (=) Aira atropurpurea 
 (=) Deschampsia atropurpurea 
 (=) Vahlodea flexuosa 
Mountain hairgrass Native,
Likely extirpated
Vahlodea atropurpurea (as Deschampsia atropurpurea) LS-1897.pngImg spacer 2x87.pngVahlodea atropurpurea (as Deschampsia atropurpurea) HC-1950.png
NYFA-Z
NRCS-NN



Images
Aira Hairgrass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 L.
var. caryophyllea
 (=) Aspris caryophyllea (L.) Nash  
Silver hairgrass,
Silvery hairgrass
Introduced
Aira caryophyllea caryophyllea BB-1913.pngImg spacer 2x87.pngAira caryophyllea HC-1950.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX



Images
 L.
 (=) Aspris praecox (L.) Nash  
Early hairgrass,
Yellow hairgrass
Introduced
Aira praecox HC-1950.pngImg spacer 2x87.pngAira praecox drawing.png
Aira praecox NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX



Images
Corynephorus Clubawn grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (L.) Beauv.
Gray clubawn grass,
Gray hairgrass
Introduced
Corynephorus.JPG
Corynephorus canescens NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-XN



Images
Holcus Velvet grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 L.

 (=) Notholcus lanatus 
Common velvetgrass,
Fog grass,
Holoque laineuse
Introduced
Holcus lanatus.jpeg
Holcus lanatus NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX

ARS ITIS

Images
 L.
Creeping soft grass,
Creeping velvet grass
Introduced
Holcus mollis 4×3.jpg
Holcus mollis NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX

ARS ITIS

Images
  1. Contrary to some other sources, New York Flora Atlas treats Deschampsia cespitosa as a fully introduced species in North America, and the misapplied D. glauca (=) D. cespitosa var. glauca (=) D. cespitosa ssp. glauca as a native species Deschampsia anadyrensi V.N. Vassil. (1940). See Tzvelev, Elven, and Murray in Annotated Checklist of the Panarctic Flora (PAF)
Subtribe Cynosurinae[edit]
Poaceae – subfam. Pooideae – tribe Poeae – subtr. Cynosurinae
Cynosurus Dogstail grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 L.
Crested dog's tail,
Crested dogtail grass,
Crêtelle à crêtes
Introduced
Cynosurus.cristatus.3.jpg
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX

ARS ITIS

Images
 L.
Bristly dogtail grass,
Rough dog's tail
Introduced,
Impersistent
Cynosurus echinatus N.jpg
Cynosurus echinatus NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-Xm
NRCS-XX

ARS ITIS

Images
Subtribe Dactylidinae[edit]
Poaceae – subfam. Pooideae – tribe Poeae – subtr. Dactylidinae
Dactylis Orchard grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.
Orchard grass Introduced
Dactylis glomerata Espigas Barquizuelas 2012-5-27 SierraMadrona.jpg




Images
Subtribe Loliinae[edit]
Genus Festuca[edit]
Poaceae – subfam. Pooideae – tribe Poeae – subtr. Loliinae – genus Festuca
Festuca Fescue N.Y. Status Images Distribution 9

 (=) Festuca obtusa 
Nodding fescue Native,
Secure
Festuca subverticillata NRCS-2.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngFestuca subverticillata (as F. obtusa) LS-1899.png
Festuca subverticillata NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN
NEW 


Images
var. saximontana
Rocky Mountain fescue,
Sheep fescue
Native,
Endangered
Festuca saximontana var saximontana NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-1
NRCS-NN



Images
 Schult. & Schult.f.

1823. Festuca brevifolia  R.Br. non Muhl.
1827. Festuca brachyphylla  Schult. & Schult.f.
1871. Festuca ovina var. brevifolia S.Watson
1906. Festuca ovina var. brachyphylla Piper
Alpine fescue,
Rock fescue
Native,
Unranked
Festuca brachyphylla bergsvingel IMG 6940 longyearbyen.JPG
Nymap.svg

NRCS-NN
NEW 
ARS 

Images
Hair fescue,
Fineleaf sheep fescue,
Fine-leaved sheep fescue
Introduced,
Moderately invasive,
NYIS: M 60
Festuca filiformis - Botanical Garden, University of Frankfurt - DSC02594.JPG
Festuca filiformis NY-dist-map.png

NRCS-XX
NEW 


Images

 (=) F. rubra var. heterophylla 
Various-leaved fescue Introduced
Festuca heterophylla - Botanical Garden, University of Frankfurt - DSC02592.JPGImg spacer 2x87.pngFestuca heterophylla (Sturm 43).png
Festuca heterophylla NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-X0



Images
 (=) F. ovina var. hispidula  
Sheep fescue Introduced
Sheep fescue.jpg
NYFA-X
NRCS-X0



Images
ssp. fallax
 (=) Festuca nigrescens  
 (=) Festuca heteromalla 
 (=) F. rubra ssp. commutata 
Chewing's fescue,
Varioushair fescue
Introduced
Festuca rubra Enfoque 2009-4-23 DehesaBoyalPuertollano.jpg
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX



Images
ssp. rubra
 (=) Festuca prolifera  
Red fescue Introduced
Festuca rubra grass.JPG
NYFA-X
NRCS-NN



Images
(Hack.) Krajina (1930)

 (=) F. brevipila R. Tracey (1977) 
 (=) F. ovina auct
Fétuque dressée,
Fétuque à feuilles scabres,
Hard fescue,
Sheep Fescue
Introduced
Festuca trachyphylla NRCS-1.png
Festuca trachyphylla NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX

ARS ITIS

Images
Genus Vulpia[edit]
Poaceae – subfam. Pooideae – tribe Poeae – subtr. Loliinae – genus Vulpia
Vulpia Fescue N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
 (Walter) Rydb.
var. glauca (Nutt.) Fernald
 (=) Festuca gracilenta  
 (=) Festuca octoflora var. glauca 
 (=) Festuca tenella 
 (=) Vulpia octoflora var. tenella 
Sixweeks fescue,
Slender 8-flowered fescue
Native,
Secure
Vulpia octoflora (as Festuca octoflora) LS-1899.pngImg spacer 2x87.pngVulpia octoflora (as Festuca octoflora) HC-1950.png
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN



Images
 (L.) Gray (1822)

 (=) Bromus dertonensis 
 (=) Festuca bromoides 
 (=) Festuca dertonensis 
 (=) Vulpia dertonensis 
Brome fescue,
Brome six-weeks grass
Introduced,
Impersistent
Vulpia bromoides (as Festuca bromoides) FC-1906.pngImg spacer 2x87.pngVulpia bromoides (as Festuca dertonensis) HC-1950.png
NYFA-Xm
NRCS-XX

ARS ITIS

Images
 (L.) C.C.Gmel. (1805)

 (=) Festuca megalura 
 (=) Festuca myuros 
 (=) Vulpia megalura 
Annual fescue,
Rat's-tail six-weeks grass
Introduced
Vulpia Beaune 006.JPG
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX

ARS 

Images
Genus Lolium[edit]
Poaceae – subfam. Pooideae – tribe Poeae – subtr. Loliinae – genus Lolium
Lolium Rye grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 4
 Lam.
Italian ryegrass,
Ivraie multiflore,
Ray-grass d'Italie
Introduced
Lolium multiflorum flowers.JPG
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX
GMW

ARS ITIS

Images
 L.
Ivraie vivace,
Perennial ryegrass,
Ray-grass anglais
Introduced
Lolium perenne flowers, engels raaigras bloeiend aartje.jpg
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX
GMW

ARS ITIS

Images
Boiss. & Hohen. ex Boiss. (1854)
 (=) Lolium dorei B. Boivin  
Ivraie de Perse,
Persian darnel,
Persian ryegrass
Introduced,
Impersistent
Lolium persicum.jpg
NYFA-Xm
NRCS-XX
GMW

ARS ITIS

Images
 L.
ssp. temulentum
Darnel,
Darnel ryegrass,
Ivraie enivrante
Introduced
Lolium temulentum 001.JPGImg spacer 2x87.pngLolium temulentum 002.JPG
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX
GMW

ARS ITIS

Images
Genus Schedonorus[edit]

Because the Festuca subgenus Schedonorus seems to be more similar to Lolium than to the rest of Festuca, some sources now treat it as its own genus while others now treat it as a subgenus of Lolium.[1]

Poaceae – subfam. Pooideae – tribe Poeae – subtr. Loliinae – genus Schedonorus
Schedonorus Fescue / Rye grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
(Schreb.) Dumort

1753. Festuca elatior  L. nom. rej.
1771. Poa phoenix  Scop.
1771. Festuca arundinacea  Schreb.
1789. Bromus arundinaceus  (Schreb.) Roth
1857. Festuca elatior var. arundinacea Wimm.
1867. Festuca elatior ssp. arundinacea Čelak.
1824. Schedonorus arundinaceus  Dumort
1993. Lolium arundinaceum  Darbysh.
1998. Schedonorus phoenix  (Scop.) Holub
Alta fescue, tall fescue,
Coarse fescue,
Kentucky fescue,
Reed fescue

Fétuque élevée
Introduced,
Moderately invasive,
NYIS: 65%
Festuca arundinacea, Rietzwenkgras pluim.jpg
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX
GMW
NEW 
ARS ITIS

Images
(L.) Holub (1998)

 (=) Festuca gigantea (L.) Vill. 
 (=) Lolium giganteum (L.) Darbysh. 
Giant fescue,
Giant rye grass
Introduced
Festuca gigantea4.JPG

NRCS-XX
GMW

ARS 

Images
(Huds.) P.Beauv. (1812)

 (=) Festuca elatior L. p.p. 
 (=) Festuca pratensis Huds. 
 (=) Lolium pratense (Huds.) Darbysh. 
Meadow fescue,
Meadow rye grass
Introduced
Schedonorus pratensis (7902319560).jpg
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX
NEW Can
ITIS

Images
  1. Stephen J. Darbyshire (1993). "Realignment of Festuca subg. Schedonorus with the genus Lolium (Poaceae)". Novon (Missouri Botanical Garden Press) 3 (3): 239–243. http://www.jstor.org/stable/3391460. 
    Stephen J. Darbyshire. "Schedonorus treatment". Grass Manual on the Web (updated 2009). http://herbarium.usu.edu/webmanual/info2.asp?name=Schedonorus&type=treatment. 
    "Schedonorus P. Beauv.". Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS). 2010. http://www.itis.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=781282#. Retrieved 27 February 2013. "Current Standing: accepted" 
    "Schedonorus P. Beauv.". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). USDA-ARS. 13 August 2009. http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/genus.pl?17593. Retrieved 27 February 2013. "Probable synonym of: Festuca L. … placed by some in Lolium L." 
    "Lolium giganteum (L.) Darbysh.". Catalogue of New World Grasses. Tropicos.org. Missouri Botanical Garden.. http://www.tropicos.org/Name/25558279?projectid=10. Retrieved 27 February 2013. 
Subtribe Parapholiinae[edit]
Poaceae – subfam. Pooideae – tribe Poeae – subtr. Parapholiinae
Catapodium Fern grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(L.) C.E. Hubbard ex Dony (1953)
ssp. rigidum

 (=) Desmazeria rigida 
 (=) Scleropoa rigida 
Ferngrass Introduced,
Impersistent
Catapodium rigidum HC-1950.png
Catapodium rigidum ssp rigidum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-Xm
NRCS-X0

ARS 

Images
Subtribe Sesleriinae[edit]
Poaceae – subfam. Pooideae – tribe Poeae – subtr. Sesleriinae
Mibora Sand grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution n
 (L.) Desv.
Early sandgrass Introduced,
Impersistent,
Waif
NYFA-Xm
NRCS-X0
GMW

ARS ITIS

Images
Subtribe Alopecurinae[edit]

According to Soreng et. al. (2012)[f 1] Alopecurinae should be included in Poinae.

Poaceae – subfam. Pooideae – tribe Poeae – subtr. Alopecurinae
Alopecurus Foxtail N.Y. Status Images Distribution 5
 Sobol.
var. aequalis
 (=) A. aristulatus Michx.  
Shortawn foxtail,
Short-awn foxtail
Native,
Secure
Alopecurus aequalis.jpeg
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN



Images
Tufted foxtail Introduced
Alopecurus carolinianus (7461953456).jpg




Images
Meadow foxtail Introduced




Images
Slender meadow foxtail Introduced




Images
Meadow foxtail Introduced




Images
Beckmannia Sloughgrass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (Steud.) Fernald
American sloughgrass Introduced,
N. America native
Beckmannia syzigachne (7450532622).jpg


ITIS

Images
Phleum Timothy N.Y. Status Images Distribution 4
 L.
Sand timothy Introduced,
Impersistent
Phleum arenarium.jpeg
NYFA-Xm
NRCS-X0



Images
Huds. (1762)

 (=) Phleum asperum (Retz.) Jacq. 
British timothy Introduced,
Impersistent
Phleum paniculatum ARS-1.jpg
NYFA-Xm

ARS 

Images
 L.
ssp. pratense

 (=) P. pratense var. nodosum 
 (=) P. pratense ssp. nodosum 
Meadow timothy Introduced
Phleum pratense 001.JPG
NYFA-X



Images
Subtribe Miliinae[edit]
Poaceae – subfam. Pooideae – tribe Poeae – subtr. Miliinae
Milium Millet grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.
var. cisatlanticum
American milletgrass,
Tall millet-grass
Native,
Secure
Milium.effusum.-.lindsey.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngMilium.effusum2.-.lindsey.jpg
Milium effusum var cisatlanticum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN



Images
Subtribe Poinae[edit]
Genus Poa[edit]
Poaceae – subfam. Pooideae – tribe Poeae – subtr. Poinae – genus Poa
Poa Bluegrass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 20
Grove bluegrass Native,
Secure
Poa alsodes HC-1950.png
Poa alsodes NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN



Images

 (=) Poa brachyphylla 
Early bluegrass Native,
Endangered,
No recent reports
Bluegrass (4526402057).jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngPoa cuspidata HC-1950.png
Poa cuspidata NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-1
NRCS-N0



Images
ssp. glauca
Glaucous bluegrass Native




Images
Inland bluegrass Native




Images
ssp. fernaldiana
Fernald's bluegrass Native




Images
Bog bluegrass Native




Images
Fowl bluegrass,
Meadowgrass
Native




Images
ssp. languida
Woodland bluegrass Native




Images
ssp. saltuensis
Drooping bluegrass Native




Images
Woodland bluegrass Native




Images
Annual bluegrass,
Speargrass
Introduced
Poa annua.jpg
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX



Images
 Vasey (1893)

 (=) Poa glaucifolia 
 (=) Poa pseudopratensis 
Plains bluegrass Introduced,
N. America native
Poa arida (7516788020).jpg
NYFA-X

ARS 

Images
 L.
ssp. vivipara (Koeler) Arcang.
Bulbous bluegrass Introduced,
Somewhat invasive
Poa bulbosa Enfoque 2011-4-21 SierraMadrona.jpg
NYIS: L 49



Images
Chaiz bluegrass Introduced




Images
Chapman bluegrass Introduced




Images
Wiry bluegrass,
Canada bluegrass
Introduced,
Moderately invasive
Poa compressa (3883811525).jpg
NYIS: M 69
CP-2[1]



Images
Woods bluegrass Introduced




Images
ssp. angustifolia
Narrow-leaved bluegrass Introduced




Images
ssp. pratensis
Kentucky bluegrass Introduced,
Invasive
Poa pratensis blatt.jpeg
NYIS: M 68



Images
ssp. trivialis
Rough-sheathed bluegrass,
Scribner bluegrass
Introduced




Images
  1. Appendix 2. Plant species that are considered highly invasive to natural areas in the central Finger Lakes region. Policy on the use of non-native plants in Cornell Plantations' accessioned collections (2009)
Genus Apera[edit]
Poaceae – subfam. Pooideae – tribe Poeae – subtr. Poinae – genus Apera
Apera Silky bent N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 (L.) P.Beauv.

 (=) Agrostis interrupta 
Dense silky bentgrass Introduced
Apera interrupta NRCS-1.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngApera interrupta HC-1950.png
NYFA-X



Images
Silky bentgrass Introduced




Images

References[edit]