Flora of New York/Poaceae 4

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Poaceae 3
Flora of New York: Poaceae 4: Poeae
Commelinales, Zingiberales, Ceratophyllales
Table of
contents
Genus
index
Protected species index Invasive species index


Poaceaesubfam. Pooideaetribe Poeae
Poales genus index

The Poaceae tribe Poeae

Subtribe Torreyochloinae[edit]

Genus Torreyochloa[edit]

Poaceaesubfam. Pooideaetribe Poeaesubtr. Torreyochloinaegenus Torreyochloa
Torreyochloa False manna grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 (Torr.) Church (1964)
var. fernaldii

Glyceria fernaldii
Glyceria pallida var. fernaldii
Puccinellia fernaldii
Torreyochloa fernaldii
Fernald's false mannagrass Native,
Secure
Torreyochloa pallida var fernaldii (as Glyceria fernaldii) HC-1950.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ARS ITIS



Images, wsp
 (Torr.) Church (1964)
var. pallida

Glyceria pallida
Panicularia pallida
Puccinellia pallida
Pale false mannagrass,
Pale mannagrass
Native,
Secure
Torreyochloa pallida var pallida (as Glyceria pallida) HC-1950.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN





Images, wsp

Subtribe Aveninae[edit]

Aveninae J.Presl in C.Presl, Reliq. Haenk. 1:246. Jan–Jun 1830

Genus Sphenopholis[edit]

Poaceaesubfam. Pooideaetribe Poeaesubtr. Aveninaegenus Sphenopholis
SphenopholisScribn. Wedge scale N.Y. Status Images Distribution 4
(Biehler) Scribn. (1906)
Shiny wedge grass Native,
Secure
Sphenopholis nitida HC-1950.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ITIS



Images, wsp
(Rydb.) Rydb.

1909. Sphenopholis intermedia  Rydb
Slender wedgescale Native,
Secure
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ITIS



Images, wsp
(Michx.) Scribn. (1906)
Prairie wedgegrass,
Prairie wedgescale
Native,
Endangered
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1
USDA-NN

ARS 



Images, wsp
(L.) Hitchc. (1915)

Avena pennsylvanica
Trisetum pensylvanicum
S. pennsylvanica
Swamp wedgescale Native,
Endangered
Sphenopholis pensylvanica HC-1950.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1
USDA-N0

ITIS



Images, wsp

Genus Trisetum[edit]

Poaceaesubfam. Pooideaetribe Poeaesubtr. Aveninaegenus Trisetum
Trisetum Oat grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 (L.) K.Richt.
Narrow false oats,
Spike trisetum
Native,
Secure
Trisetum spicatum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
 (L.) P.Beauv.

Avena flavescens
Yellow oats Introduced,
Impersistent
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Xm
USDA-XW





Images, wsp

Genus Graphephorum[edit]

Poaceaesubfam. Pooideaetribe Poeaesubtr. Aveninaegenus Graphephorum
Graphephorum False oat N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(Michx.) Desv. (1810)
False melic,
Purple false oat,
Trisèe fausse-mélique
Native,
Endangered
Graphephorum melicoides BB-1913.pngImg spacer 2x87.pngGraphephorum melicoides HC-1950.png
Graphephorum melicoides NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-1
USDA-NN

ITIS



Images, wsp

Genus Koeleria[edit]

Poaceaesubfam. Pooideaetribe Poeaesubtr. Aveninaegenus Koeleria
Koeleria June grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(Ledeb.) Schult.
Prairie Junegrass Introduced,
N. America native
Koeleria macrantha (6244462456).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-NN

ITIS



Images, wsp

Genus Arrhenatherum[edit]

Poaceaesubfam. Pooideaetribe Poeaesubtr. Aveninaegenus Arrhenatherum
Arrhenatherum Oat grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(L.) P.Beauv. ex J.Presl & C.Presl
ssp. elatius
Tall oatgrass Introduced
Arrhenatherum elatius Habitus 2010-6-08 DehesaBoyaldePuertollano.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
(L.) P.Beauv. ex J.Presl & C.Presl
ssp. bulbosum
(Willd.) Schübl. & G.Martens

1799. Avena bulbosa  Willd.
1825. Arrh. elatius var. bulbosum
1834. Arrh. elatius ssp. bulbosum
Tall oatgrass Introduced,
No specimens
Arrhenatherum elatius ssp elatius HC-1950.pngImg spacer 2x87.pngArrhenatherum elatius ssp bulbosum HC-1950-1.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-D
USDA-X0
NEW 
ARS ITIS



Images, wsp

Genus Avena[edit]

Poaceaesubfam. Pooideaetribe Poeaesubtr. Aveninaegenus Avena
Avena Oat N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 L.

Avena hybrida
Wild oat Introduced
Avena fatua0.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
 L.

Avena byzantina
Avena fatua var. sativa
Common oat,
Cultivated oat
Introduced
Avena sativa black oat, zwarte haver (1).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XW





Images, wsp

Genus Rostraria[edit]

Poaceaesubfam. Pooideaetribe Poeaesubtr. Aveninaegenus Rostraria
Rostraria Hair grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (L.) Tzvelev

Festuca cristata
Koeleria gerardii
Koeleria phleoides
Mediterranean hairgrass Introduced,
Impersistent
Rostraria cristata Habitus 2011-6-11 CampodeCalatrava.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Xm
USDA-X0





Images, wsp

Subtribe Phalaridinae[edit]

Genus Anthoxanthum[edit]

Poaceaesubfam. Pooideaetribe Poeaesubtr. Phalaridinaegenus Anthoxanthum
Anthoxanthum Vernal grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 5
(Weber) Y.Schouten & Veldkamp
ssp. nitens

Hierochloe odorata
Vanilla grass Native,
Secure
Hierochloe odorata Parc floral.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
(Schrank) Y.Schouten & Veldkamp

A. hirtum ssp. arcticum
Hierochloe hirta ssp. arctica
Hierochloe odorata ssp. arctica
Northern sweetgrass,
Northern sweet grass
Native,
Unranked
Anthoxanthum hirtum 3920004431.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngAnthoxanthum hirtum 3920787660.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-U
USDA-N0

ITIS



Images, wsp
(Bigelow) Veldkamp
ssp. monticola
Alpine sweetgrass Native,
Endangered
Anthoxanthum monticola ssp monticola NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-1
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
Sweet vernal grass Introduced
Nymap.svg






Images, wsp
var. aristatum
Small sweet vernal grass Introduced
Nymap.svg






Images, wsp

Genus Phalaris[edit]

Poaceaesubfam. Pooideaetribe Poeaesubtr. Phalaridinaegenus Phalaris
Phalaris Canary grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 L.
var. arundinacea

1753. Phalaris arundinacea  L.
1969. Phalaroides arundinacea  Rauschert
Reed canary grass

Alpiste roseau
Native,
Secure,
CP-3[1],
Invasive[2][3]

Perennial,
Graminoid
Phalaris arundinacea Habitus 2011-6-25 SierraMadrona.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
NWGTrop.


Images, wsp
 L.
var. picta L.

1753. P. arundinacea var. picta L.
1852. Phalaris picta  (L.) Sloboda
1969. Phalaroides arundinacea
   ssp.
japonica (Steud.) Tzvelev
Ornamental canary grass,
Ribbon grass,
Gardener's gaiters

Alpiste ruban,
Ruban de la vierge
Introduced,
Potentially invasive

Perennial,
Graminoid
Phalaris arundinacea picta 01.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-0
USDA-0
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
NWGTrop.


Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Phalaris canariensis  L.
1794. Phalaris ovata  Moench
1796. Phalaris avicularis  Salisb.
Common canary grass,
Annual canary grass,
Seed canary grass,
Birdseed grass
Introduced from
 Europe,
 Canary Isands

Graminoid,
Annual
Greenplant8.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
NWGTrop.
NSE BNA 

Images, wsp

Subtribe Brizinae[edit]

Genus Briza[edit]

Poaceaesubfam. Pooideaetribe Poeaesubtr. Brizinaegenus Briza
Briza Quaking grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
 L.
Big quakinggrass,
Large quaking grass
Introduced
Briza maxima .jpg
Briza maxima NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
 L.
Perennial quaking grass Introduced
Zittergras Briza media 01.jpg
NYFA-X
USDA-XW





Images, wsp
 L.
Little quakinggrass Introduced,
Questionable
Briza minor3.jpg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp

Subtribe Agrostidinae[edit]

Genus Agrostis[edit]

Poaceaesubfam. Pooideaetribe Poeaesubtr. Agrostidinaegenus Agrostis
Agrostis Bentgrass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 8

A. altissima (Walter) Tuck.
Autumn bent,
Upland bent
Native,
Secure
Agrostis perennans HC-1950.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
 Willd.

A. geminata
Rough bentgrass Native,
Secure
Agrostis scabra HC-1950-mod.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
 (Walter)
Britton, Sterns & Poggenb. (1888)

A. antecedens E.P.Bicknell
A. hiemalis, orth. var.
Cornucopiae hyemalis Walter
Southern hairgrass,
Southern ticklegrass,
Winter bentgrass
Native,
Likely secure
Agrostis hyemalis.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngAgrostis hyemalis (as A. hiemalis) HC-1950.png
NYFA-4-5
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
 Trin. (1836)

A. borealis Hartm. (1843)
Agrostide de Mertens,
Arctic bentgrass,
Northern bentgrass
Native,
Threatened
Agrostis mertensii HC-1905.png
NYFA-2





Images, wsp
 L. (1753)

A. alba auct. non L.
A. maritima Lam.
A. palustris Huds.
Creeping bentgrass Introduced,
N. America native,
Nativity in question
Agrostis stolonifera HC-1935.png
NYFA-X5
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
 L. (1753)

A. canina var. varians
Agrostide des chiens,
Velvet bent,
Velvet bentgrass
Introduced,
N. America native
Agrostis canina Habitus 2010-4-02 SierraMadrona.jpg
NYFA-X
USDA-NW

ARS ITIS



Images, wsp

Agrostis stricta
Agrostis sylvatica
Agrostis tenuis
Agrostis vulgaris
Rhode Island bent,
Rhode Island bentgrass,
Colonial bent,
Colonial bentgrass
Introduced
Agrostis tenuis Habitus 2011-6-25 SierraMadrona.jpg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp

Agrostis alba auct. non L.
Agrostis nigra
A. stolonifera ssp. gigantea
A. stolonifera var. major
Redtop,
Black bentgrass
Introduced,
Moderately invasive,
NYIS: 68%[1]
Agrostis gigantea ligula.jpeg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp

Genus Ammophila[edit]

Poaceaesubfam. Pooideaetribe Poeaesubtr. Agrostidinaegenus Ammophila
Ammophila Beachgrass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 Fernald
ssp. breviligulata
American beachgrass Native,
Secure
Ammophila breviligulata Leland June.jpg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
 Fernald
ssp. champlainensis
Lake Champlain beachgrass Native,
Endangered
Ammophila breviligulata, Pancake Bay 1.jpg
NYFA-1
USDA-NN





Images, wsp

Genus Calamagrostis[edit]

Poaceaesubfam. Pooideaetribe Poeaesubtr. Agrostidinaegenus Calamagrostis
Calamagrostis Reed grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 11
(Michx.) P. Beauv.
var. canadensis
Bluejoint,
Blue-joint reedgrass
Native,
Secure
Bluejoint (Unorg Algoma).JPG
NYFA-5
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
(Michx.) P. Beauv.
var. langsdorfii
Bluejoint Native,
Endangered
Calamagrostis canadensis var. langsdorfii HC-1950.png
Calamagrostis canadensis var langsdorfii NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-1?
USDA-NN

ITIS


Note [1]
Images, wsp
(Michx.) P. Beauv.
var. macouniana
Macoun's reedgrass Native,
Unranked
Calamagrostis canadensis var. macouniana (as C. macouniana) BB-1913.pngImg spacer 2x87.pngCalamagrostis canadensis var. macouniana HC-1950.png
NYFA-N
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
(Torr.) Eaton (1829)

(=) C. cinnoides  W.P.C.Barton
1823. Arundo coarctata  Torr.
Arctic reedgrass,
Nuttall's reedgrass
Native,
Likely secure
Calamagrostis coarctata (as C. cinnoides) HC-1935.png


ARS ITIS



Images, wsp
 A.Gray
Pickering's reedgrass,
Pickering's reed bent-grass
Native,
Rare
Calamagrostis pickeringii HC-1950.pngImg spacer 2x87.pngCalamagrostis pickeringii BB-1913.png
Calamagrostis pickeringii NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-3
USDA-NN

ITIS



Images, wsp
 (Timm) Koeler
ssp. inexpansa

Calamagrostis hyperborea
Calamagrostis inexpansa
Calamagrostis lacustris
Northern reedgrass Native,
Threatened
Calamagrostis stricta 01.jpg
Calamagrostis stricta ssp inexpansa NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-2
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
 (Timm) Koeler
ssp. stricta

Calamagrostis neglecta
Slim-stemmed small-reedgrass Native,
Endangered
Calamagrostis stricta and Carex utriculata (6168429172).jpg
Calamagrostis stricta ssp stricta NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-1





Images, wsp
 A.Gray
ssp. porteri
Porter's reedgrass Native,
Endangered
Calamagrostis porteri BB-1913.pngImg spacer 2x87.pngCalamagrostis porteri HC-1950.png
Calamagrostis porteri ssp porteri NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-1-2
USDA-N0

ARS ITIS



Images, wsp
Wood reed grass Native,
Endangered,
Endemic
Calamagrostis perplexa HC-1950.pngImg spacer 2x87.pngCalamagrostis perplexa BB-1913.png
NYFA-1
USDA-N0





Images, wsp
(L.) Roth (1852)
var. georgica

C. arenicola
C. epigeios ssp. glomerata
Feathertop,
Chee reedgrass
Introduced,
Common
Calamagrostis epigejos detail.jpeg
NYFA-X
USDA-X0

ITIS


Note [2]
Images, wsp
 (L.) Roth
var. epigeios
Feathertop,
Chee reedgrass
Introduced,
Very rare
Calamagrostis-epigejos-02.jpg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ITIS



Images, wsp

Genus Polypogon[edit]

Poaceaesubfam. Pooideaetribe Poeaesubtr. Agrostidinaegenus Polypogon
Polypogon Rabbitsfoot grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
Kunth (1816)
Ditch rabbitsfoot grass,
Ditch polypogon
Introduced,
N. America native,
Impersistent
Starr 050407-6313 Polypogon interruptus.jpg
NYFA-Xm
USDA-N0

ARS ITIS



Images, wsp
(L.) Desf. (1798)

Alopecurus monspeliensis L.
Annual rabbit-foot grass Introduced
Polypogon monspeliensis 3881578658.jpg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS ITIS



Images, wsp

Subtribe Coleanthinae[edit]

GenusPuccinellia[edit]

Poaceaesubfam. Pooideaetribe Poeaesubtr. Coleanthinaegenus Puccinellia
Puccinellia Alkali grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 4
 (Jacq.) Parl.
Weeping alkaligrass Introduced
Puccinellia distans blatt.jpeg
NYFA-X
USDA-MX





Images, wsp
Salt marsh alkaligrass,
Salt marsh goosegrass
Introduced
Puccinellia fasciculata (as Glyceria borreri) Flora Batava v16.jpg






Images, wsp
Seaside alkaligrass,
Seaside speargrass
Introduced
Puccinellia maritima.jpeg






Images, wsp
British alkaligrass,
Goosegrass
Introduced
Poa procumbens — Flora Batava — Volume v5.jpg






Images, wsp

GenusSclerochloa[edit]

Poaceaesubfam. Pooideaetribe Poeaesubtr. Coleanthinaegenus Sclerochloa
Sclerochloa Hard grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (L.) P.Beauv.
Common hardgrass,
Fairground grass
Introduced,
Impersistent,
Wool mill waif,
GMW[1]
Sclerochloa dura (3733566393).jpg
NYFA-Xm
USDA-XN





Images, wsp
  1. Grass Manual on the Web and USDA-NRCS seem to contradict about the North American nativity of Sclerochloa dura.

Subtribe Airinae[edit]

Genus Avenella[edit]

Poaceaesubfam. Pooideaetribe Poeaesubtr. Airinaegenus Avenella
Avenella Hair grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (L.) Drejer (1838)

Aira flexuosa
Deschampsia flexuosa
Deschampsia flexuosa var. montana
Wavy hair grass Native,
Secure
Deschampsia-flexuosa-01.jpg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ITIS



Images, wsp

Genus Deschampsia[edit]

Poaceaesubfam. Pooideaetribe Poeaesubtr. Airinaegenus Deschampsia
DeschampsiaP.Beauv. Hair grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
 V.N.Vassil.

1940. Deschampsia anadyrensis  V.N.Vassil.[1]
auct.. D. cespitosa ssp. glauca
auct.. D. cespitosa var. glauca
auct.. Deschampsia glauca non Hartm. (1820)
Glaucous hairgrass,
Small tufted hairgrass
Native,
Likely secure
Deschampsia cespitosa.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS



Images, wsp
(Trin.) Munro

Aira danthonioides Trin.
D. calycina J. Presl
Annual hairgrass Introduced,
N. America native,
Waif
Deschampsia danthonioides NRCS-1.pngImg spacer 2x87.pngDeschampsia danthonioides HC-1950.png
Deschampsia danthonioides NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
 (L.) P.Beauv.
Eurasian tufted hairgrass,
Tufted hairgrass
Introduced
Deschampsia cespitosa ligula.jpeg
Deschampsia cespitosa NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NM
NEW Can
ITIS

NSE BNA 

Images, wsp
  1. Contrary to some other sources, New York Flora Atlas treats Deschampsia cespitosa as a fully introduced species in North America, and the misapplied D. glauca (=) D. cespitosa var. glauca (=) D. cespitosa ssp. glauca as a native species Deschampsia anadyrensi V.N. Vassil. (1940). See Tzvelev, Elven, and Murray in Annotated Checklist of the Panarctic Flora (PAF)

Genus Vahlodea[edit]

Poaceaesubfam. Pooideaetribe Poeaesubtr. Airinaegenus Vahlodea
Vahlodea Hair grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(Wahlenb.) Fr. ex Hartm. (1843)

Aira atropurpurea
Deschampsia atropurpurea
Vahlodea flexuosa
Mountain hairgrass Native,
Likely extirpated
Vahlodea atropurpurea (as Deschampsia atropurpurea) LS-1897.pngImg spacer 2x87.pngVahlodea atropurpurea (as Deschampsia atropurpurea) HC-1950.png
NYFA-Z
USDA-NN





Images, wsp

Genus Aira[edit]

Poaceaesubfam. Pooideaetribe Poeaesubtr. Airinaegenus Aira
Aira Hairgrass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 L.
var. caryophyllea

1753. Aira caryophyllea  L.
1780. Avena caryophyllea  (L.) Weber
1796. Agrostis caryophyllea  (L.) Salisb.
1866. Fussia caryophyllea  (L.) Schur
1913. Aspris caryophyllea  (L.) Nash
Silver hairgrass,
Silvery hairgrass,
Common silver hairgrass

Canche caryophyllée,
Aira caryophyllé
Introduced from
 Eurasia, n. Africa,
GMW
Aira caryophyllea caryophyllea BB-1913.pngImg spacer 2x87.pngAira caryophyllea HC-1950.png
Aira caryophyllea var caryophyllea nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.


Images, wsp
 L.
var. capillaris
(Mert. & W.D.J.Koch) Bluff & Fingerh.

1798. Aira capillaris  Savi
1823. Avena capillaris  Mert. & W.D.J.Koch
1836. Aira caryophyllea var. capillaris
1853. Aira elegantissima  Schur
 auct.. Aira elegans  Willd. ex Roem. & Schult.
Delicate hairgrass,
Annual silver hairgrass
Introduced from
 Eurasia, n. Africa,
No specimens,
GMW
Aira elegans drawing.png
Aira caryophyllea var capillaris nymap.svg

USDA-X0
NEW 
ARS ITIS
Trop.


Images, wsp
 L.

Aspris praecox (L.) Nash
Early hairgrass,
Yellow hairgrass,
Spike hairgrass,
Early silver hairgrass,
Small hairgrass
Introduced
Aira praecox HC-1950.pngImg spacer 2x87.pngAira praecox drawing.png
Aira praecox NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
Can




Images, wsp

Genus Corynephorus[edit]

Poaceaesubfam. Pooideaetribe Poeaesubtr. Airinaegenus Corynephorus
Corynephorus Clubawn grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (L.) Beauv.
Gray clubawn grass,
Gray hairgrass
Introduced
Corynephorus.JPG
Corynephorus canescens NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XN





Images, wsp

Genus Holcus[edit]

Poaceaesubfam. Pooideaetribe Poeaesubtr. Airinaegenus Holcus
Holcus Velvet grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 L.

Notholcus lanatus
Common velvetgrass,
Fog grass,
Holoque laineuse
Introduced
Holcus lanatus.jpeg
Holcus lanatus NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS ITIS



Images, wsp
 L.
Creeping soft grass,
Creeping velvet grass
Introduced
Holcus mollis 4×3.jpg
Holcus mollis NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS ITIS



Images, wsp

Subtribe Cynosurinae[edit]

Genus Cynosurus[edit]

Poaceaesubfam. Pooideaetribe Poeaesubtr. Cynosurinae
Cynosurus Dogstail grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 L.
Crested dog's tail,
Crested dogtail grass

Crêtelle à crêtes
Introduced
Cynosurus.cristatus.3.jpg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS ITIS



Images, wsp
 L.
Bristly dogtail grass,
Rough dog's tail
Introduced,
Impersistent
Cynosurus echinatus N.jpg
Cynosurus echinatus NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-Xm
USDA-XX

ARS ITIS



Images, wsp

Subtribe Dactylidinae[edit]

Genus Dactylis[edit]

Poaceaesubfam. Pooideaetribe Poeaesubtr. Dactylidinaegenus Dactylis
Dactylis Orchard grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.
Orchard grass Introduced
Dactylis glomerata Espigas Barquizuelas 2012-5-27 SierraMadrona.jpg






Images, wsp

Subtribe Loliinae[edit]

Genus Festuca[edit]

Poaceaesubfam. Pooideaetribe Poeaesubtr. Loliinaegenus Festuca
Festuca Fescue N.Y. Status Images Distribution 9

Festuca obtusa
Nodding fescue Native,
Secure
Festuca subverticillata NRCS-2.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngFestuca subverticillata (as F. obtusa) LS-1899.png
Festuca subverticillata NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW 




Images, wsp
var. saximontana
Rocky Mountain fescue,
Sheep fescue
Native,
Endangered
Festuca saximontana var saximontana NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-1
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
 Schult. & Schult.f.

1823. Festuca brevifolia  R.Br. non Muhl.
1827. Festuca brachyphylla  Schult. & Schult.f.
1871. Festuca ovina var. brevifolia S.Watson
1906. Festuca ovina var. brachyphylla Piper
Alpine fescue,
Rock fescue
Native,
Unranked
Festuca brachyphylla bergsvingel IMG 6940 longyearbyen.JPG
Nymap.svg

USDA-NN
NEW 
ARS 



Images, wsp
Hair fescue,
Fineleaf sheep fescue,
Fine-leaved sheep fescue
Introduced,
Moderately invasive,
NYIS: 60%[1]
Festuca filiformis - Botanical Garden, University of Frankfurt - DSC02594.JPG
Festuca filiformis NY-dist-map.png

USDA-XX
NEW 




Images, wsp

F. rubra var. heterophylla
Various-leaved fescue Introduced
Festuca heterophylla - Botanical Garden, University of Frankfurt - DSC02592.JPGImg spacer 2x87.pngFestuca heterophylla (Sturm 43).png
Festuca heterophylla NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-X0





Images, wsp

F. ovina var. hispidula
Sheep fescue Introduced
Sheep fescue.jpg
NYFA-X
USDA-X0





Images, wsp
ssp. fallax

Festuca nigrescens
Festuca heteromalla
F. rubra ssp. commutata
Chewing's fescue,
Varioushair fescue
Introduced
Festuca rubra Enfoque 2009-4-23 DehesaBoyalPuertollano.jpg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
ssp. rubra

Festuca prolifera
Red fescue Introduced
Festuca rubra grass.JPG
NYFA-X
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
(Hack.) Krajina (1930)

F. brevipila R. Tracey (1977)
F. ovina auct.
Fétuque dressée,
Fétuque à feuilles scabres,
Hard fescue,
Sheep Fescue
Introduced
Festuca trachyphylla NRCS-1.png
Festuca trachyphylla NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS ITIS



Images, wsp

Genus Vulpia[edit]

Poaceaesubfam. Pooideaetribe Poeaesubtr. Loliinaegenus Vulpia
Vulpia Fescue N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
 (Walter) Rydb.
var. glauca (Nutt.) Fernald

Festuca gracilenta
Festuca octoflora var. glauca
Festuca tenella
Vulpia octoflora var. tenella
Sixweeks fescue,
Slender 8-flowered fescue
Native,
Secure
Vulpia octoflora (as Festuca octoflora) LS-1899.pngImg spacer 2x87.pngVulpia octoflora (as Festuca octoflora) HC-1950.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
 (L.) Gray (1822)

Bromus dertonensis
Festuca bromoides
Festuca dertonensis
Vulpia dertonensis
Brome fescue,
Brome six-weeks grass
Introduced,
Impersistent
Vulpia bromoides (as Festuca bromoides) FC-1906.pngImg spacer 2x87.pngVulpia bromoides (as Festuca dertonensis) HC-1950.png
NYFA-Xm
USDA-XX

ARS ITIS



Images, wsp
 (L.) C.C.Gmel. (1805)

Festuca megalura
Festuca myuros
Vulpia megalura
Annual fescue,
Rat's-tail six-weeks grass
Introduced
Vulpia Beaune 006.JPG
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS 



Images, wsp

Genus Lolium[edit]

Poaceaesubfam. Pooideaetribe Poeaesubtr. Loliinaegenus Lolium
Lolium Rye grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 4
 Lam.
Italian ryegrass,
Ivraie multiflore,
Ray-grass d'Italie
Introduced,
GMW
Lolium multiflorum flowers.JPG
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS ITIS



Images, wsp
 L.
Ivraie vivace,
Perennial ryegrass,
Ray-grass anglais
Introduced,
GMW
Lolium perenne flowers, engels raaigras bloeiend aartje.jpg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS ITIS



Images, wsp
Boiss. & Hohen. ex Boiss. (1854)

Lolium dorei B. Boivin
Ivraie de Perse,
Persian darnel,
Persian ryegrass
Introduced,
Impersistent,
GMW
Lolium persicum.jpg
NYFA-Xm
USDA-XX

ARS ITIS



Images, wsp
 L.
ssp. temulentum
Darnel,
Darnel ryegrass,
Ivraie enivrante
Introduced,
GMW
Lolium temulentum 001.JPGImg spacer 2x87.pngLolium temulentum 002.JPG
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS ITIS



Images, wsp

Genus Schedonorus[edit]

Because the Festuca subgenus Schedonorus seems to be more similar to Lolium than to the rest of Festuca, some sources now treat it as its own genus while others now treat it as a subgenus of Lolium.[1]

Poaceaesubfam. Pooideaetribe Poeaesubtr. Loliinaegenus Schedonorus
Schedonorus Fescue / Rye grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
(Schreb.) Dumort

1753. Festuca elatior  L. nom. rej.
1771. Poa phoenix  Scop.
1771. Festuca arundinacea  Schreb.
1789. Bromus arundinaceus  (Schreb.) Roth
1857. Festuca elatior var. arundinacea Wimm.
1867. Festuca elatior ssp. arundinacea Čelak.
1824. Schedonorus arundinaceus  Dumort
1993. Lolium arundinaceum  Darbysh.
1998. Schedonorus phoenix  (Scop.) Holub
Alta fescue, tall fescue,
Coarse fescue,
Kentucky fescue,
Reed fescue

Fétuque élevée
Introduced,
Moderately invasive,
NYIS: 65%[2]
Festuca arundinacea, Rietzwenkgras pluim.jpg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW 
ARS ITIS



Images, wsp
(L.) Holub (1998)

Festuca gigantea (L.) Vill.
Lolium giganteum (L.) Darbysh.
Giant fescue,
Giant rye grass
Introduced,
GMW
Festuca gigantea4.JPG

USDA-XX

ARS 



Images, wsp
(Huds.) P.Beauv. (1812)

Festuca elatior L. p.p.
Festuca pratensis Huds.
Lolium pratense (Huds.) Darbysh.
Meadow fescue,
Meadow rye grass
Introduced
Schedonorus pratensis (7902319560).jpg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ITIS



Images, wsp
  1. Stephen J. Darbyshire (1993). "Realignment of Festuca subg. Schedonorus with the genus Lolium (Poaceae)". Novon (Missouri Botanical Garden Press) 3 (3): 239–243. http://www.jstor.org/stable/3391460. 
    Stephen J. Darbyshire. "Schedonorus treatment". Grass Manual on the Web (updated 2009). http://herbarium.usu.edu/webmanual/info2.asp?name=Schedonorus&type=treatment. 
    "Schedonorus P. Beauv.". Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS). 2010. http://www.itis.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=781282#. Retrieved 27 February 2013. "Current Standing: accepted" 
    "Schedonorus P. Beauv.". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). USDA-ARS. 13 August 2009. http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/genus.pl?17593. Retrieved 27 February 2013. "Probable synonym of: Festuca L. … placed by some in Lolium L." 
    "Lolium giganteum (L.) Darbysh.". Catalogue of New World Grasses. Tropicos.org. Missouri Botanical Garden.. http://www.tropicos.org/Name/25558279?projectid=10. Retrieved 27 February 2013. 
  2. New York non-native plant invasiveness assessmentSchedonorus arundinaceus: Moderate (65).

Subtribe Parapholiinae[edit]

Genus Catapodium[edit]

Poaceaesubfam. Pooideaetribe Poeaesubtr. Parapholiinaegenus Catapodium
Catapodium Fern grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(L.) C.E. Hubbard ex Dony (1953)
ssp. rigidum

Desmazeria rigida
Scleropoa rigida
Ferngrass Introduced,
Impersistent
Catapodium rigidum HC-1950.png
Catapodium rigidum ssp rigidum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-Xm
USDA-X0

ARS 



Images, wsp

Subtribe Sesleriinae[edit]

Genus Mibora[edit]

Poaceaesubfam. Pooideaetribe Poeaesubtr. Sesleriinaegenus Mibora
Mibora Sand grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution n
 (L.) Desv.
Early sandgrass Introduced,
Impersistent,
Waif,
GMW
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Xm
USDA-X0





Images, wsp

Subtribe Alopecurinae[edit]

According to Soreng et. al. (2014)[f 1] Alopecurinae should be included in Poinae.

Genus Alopecurus[edit]

Poaceaesubfam. Pooideaetribe Poeaesubtr. Alopecurinaegenus Alopecurus
Alopecurus Foxtail N.Y. Status Images Distribution 5
 Sobol.
var. aequalis

A. aristulatus Michx.
Shortawn foxtail,
Short-awn foxtail
Native,
Secure
Alopecurus aequalis.jpeg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
Tufted foxtail Introduced
Alopecurus carolinianus (7461953456).jpg
Nymap.svg






Images, wsp
Meadow foxtail Introduced
Nymap.svg






Images, wsp
Slender meadow foxtail Introduced
Nymap.svg






Images, wsp
Meadow foxtail Introduced
Nymap.svg






Images, wsp

Genus Beckmannia[edit]

Poaceaesubfam. Pooideaetribe Poeaesubtr. Alopecurinaegenus Beckmannia
Beckmannia Sloughgrass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (Steud.) Fernald
American sloughgrass Introduced,
N. America native
Beckmannia syzigachne (7450532622).jpg
Nymap.svg


ITIS



Images, wsp
Phleum Timothy N.Y. Status Images Distribution 4
 L.
Sand timothy Introduced,
Impersistent
Phleum arenarium.jpeg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Xm
USDA-X0





Images, wsp
Huds. (1762)

Phleum asperum (Retz.) Jacq.
British timothy Introduced,
Impersistent
Phleum paniculatum ARS-1.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Xm

ARS 



Images, wsp
 L.
ssp. pratense

P. nodosum L.
P. pratense ssp. nodosum
P. pratense var. nodosum
Meadow timothy Introduced
Phleum pratense 001.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X





Images, wsp

Subtribe Miliinae[edit]

Genus Milium[edit]

Poaceaesubfam. Pooideaetribe Poeaesubtr. Miliinaegenus Milium
Milium Millet grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.
var. cisatlanticum
American milletgrass,
Tall millet-grass
Native,
Secure
Milium.effusum.-.lindsey.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngMilium.effusum2.-.lindsey.jpg
Milium effusum var cisatlanticum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN





Images, wsp

Subtribe Poinae[edit]

Genus Poa[edit]

The system used here for Poa (bluegrass) organization is based on Lynn J. Gillespie and Robert J. Soreng (2005) "A Phylogenetic Analysis of the Bluegrass Genus Poa Based on cpDNA restriction site data." Systematic Botany Vol. 30, No. 1 (Jan. - Mar., 2005), pp. 84-105 Published by: American Society of Plant Taxonomists.

The subgenera names use here are those proposed in: Gillespie, Lynn J.; Archambault, Annie; and Soreng, Robert J. (2007) "Phylogeny of Poa (Poaceae) Based on trnT–trnF Sequence Data: Major Clades and Basal Relationships," Aliso: A Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Botany: Vol. 23: Iss. 1, Article 33.

Poa subg. Arctopoa[edit]

Poa subg. Arctopoa (Grisebach) Probatova, Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 8: 34. 1971.

Subg. Arctopoa is here considered equivalent of the ArcSyl clade, made up of subg. Arctopa sections Arctopa and Aphydris, and previous subg. Poa sect. Sylvestris: ( Arctopoa + Sylvestres ). It is considered to be the basal clade of the genus Poa.

Poaceaesubfam. Pooideaetribe Poeaesubtr. Poinaegenus Poasubg. Arctopoa
Poa sect. Sylvestres Bluegrass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 20
 A.Gray

1856. Poa alsodes  A.Gray
Grove bluegrass Native,
Secure
Poa alsodes HC-1950.png
Poa alsodes NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN


Trop.


Images, wsp
 Fernald & Wieg.
ssp. languida (A.S. Hitchc.) A. Haines
Woodland bluegrass Native,
Secure
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5





Images, wsp
 Fernald & Wieg.
ssp. saltuensis
Drooping bluegrass Native,
Secure
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5





Images, wsp
 A.Gray

1848. Poa sylvestris  A.Gray
Woodland bluegrass,
Forest bluegrass

Pâturin des forêts
Native,
Endangered
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS



Images, wsp
Poa sect. Arctopoa Bluegrass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 20
 Vasey (1893)

Poa glaucifolia
Poa pseudopratensis
Plains bluegrass Introduced,
N. America native
Poa arida (7516788020).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X

ARS 



Images, wsp

Poa subg. Ochlopoa[edit]

Poa subg. Ochlopoa (Ascherson & Graebner) Hylander, Bot. Not. 1953: 354. 1953.

This subgenus is here treated as equivalent to the BAPO clade, comprising pervious subg. Poa sections: ( ( Bolbophorum + Alpinae ) ( Parodiochloa + Ochlopoa ) ).

Poaceaesubfam. Pooideaetribe Poeaesubtr. Poinaegenus Poasubg. Ochlopoa
Poa sect. Micrantherae Bluegrass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 20
Annual bluegrass,
Speargrass
Introduced
Poa annua.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
 Scribn.

(=)
(=)
(=)
Chapman bluegrass Introduced

Annual,
Graminoid
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
Poa sect. Arenariae Bluegrass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 20
 L.
ssp. vivipara (Koeler) Arcang.
Bulbous bluegrass Introduced,
Somewhat invasive,
NYIS: 49%[1]
Poa bulbosa Enfoque 2011-4-21 SierraMadrona.jpg
Nymap.svg






Images, wsp

Poa subg. Stenopoa[edit]

Poa subg. Stenopoa (Dumortier) Soreng & L. J. Gillespie, Aliso (in press). 2006.

Subg. Stenopoa is here considered to be equivalent to the SPOSTA clade, made up of members of sections:

( Secundae ( Pandemos ( Oreinos + Stenopoa + Tichopoa + Abbreviatae ) ) ).
Poaceaesubfam. Pooideaetribe Poeaesubtr. Poinaegenus Poasubg. Stenopoa
Poa sect. Stenopoa Bluegrass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 20
 L.

1759. Poa palustris  L.
Fowl bluegrass,
Meadowgrass
Native,
Secure
Poa palustris (6134897126).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ARS 



Images, wsp
ssp. glauca
Glaucous bluegrass Native,
Endangered
Poa glauca - Botanischer Garten München-Nymphenburg - DSC07858.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-2





Images, wsp
 Rydb.
Inland bluegrass Native,
No recent reports,
Endangered
Poa interior (3817116023).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1





Images, wsp
Woods bluegrass Introduced
Poa nemoralis - Botanical Garden, University of Frankfurt - DSC02415.JPG
Nymap.svg






Images, wsp
Poa sect. Oreinos Bluegrass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 20
 Haenke
ssp. fernaldiana (Nannf.) Hyl.

1935. Poa fernaldiana  Nannf.
1953. Poa laxa ssp. fernaldiana Hyl.
1964. Poa flexuosa ssp. fernaldiana
Fernald's bluegrass Native,
Endangered
Poa laxa a1.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1





Images, wsp
Bog bluegrass Native,
Endangered
Poa paludigena HC-1950.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1





Images, wsp
Poa sect. Pandemos Bluegrass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 20
 L.
ssp. trivialis

1753. Poa trivialis  L.
1854. Poa attica  Boiss. & Heldr.
Rough bluegrass,
Rough-sheathed bluegrass,
Rough-stalk bluegrass,
Rough-stalk meadow grass,
Scribner bluegrass
Introduced from
 Europe
Poa trivialis (14235941946).jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngPoa.trivialis.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW 
ARS 



Images, wsp
Poa sect. Tichopoa Bluegrass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 20
Wiry bluegrass,
Canada bluegrass
Introduced,
Moderately invasive,
NYIS: 69%[1],
CP-2[2]
Poa compressa (3883811525).jpg
Nymap.svg






Images, wsp

Poa subg. Poa[edit]

The Poa subgenus is here considered to be composed of the HAMBADD clade (supersect. Homalopoa) and the PoM clade (supersect. Poa).

Poaceaesubfam. Pooideaetribe Poeaesubtr. Poinaegenus Poasubg. Poa
Poa sect. Homalopoa Bluegrass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 20

Poa brachyphylla
Early bluegrass Native,
No recent reports,
Endangered
Bluegrass (4526402057).jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngPoa cuspidata HC-1950.png
Poa cuspidata NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-1
USDA-N0





Images, wsp
 Vill.
Chaiz bluegrass,
Broadleaf bluegrass
Introduced
Poa chaixii - Berlin Botanical Garden - IMG 8535.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X





Images, wsp
Poa sect. Poa Bluegrass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 20
 L.
ssp. pratensis

1753. Poa pratensis  L.
1800. Poa pratensis var. pratensis
1915. Paneion pratense  (L.) Lunell
Kentucky bluegrass,
Smooth meadow grass (GBI)
Introduced from
 Eurasia, n.Africa,
Moderately invasive,
NYIS: 68%[1]

Perennial,
Graminoid
Poa pratensis blatt.jpeg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS 
Trop.


Images, wsp
 L.
ssp. angustifolia (L.) Lej.

1753. Poa angustifolia  L.
1800. P. pratensis var. angustifolia Sm.
1828. P. pratensis ssp. angustifolia Lej.
Narrow-leaved bluegrass Introduced
Poa pratensis (3883807553).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X


NWGTrop.


Images, wsp

Genus Cinna[edit]

According to Soreng et. al. (2014)[f 1] Cinna should be included in Poinae.

Poaceaesubfam. Pooideaetribe Poeaesubtr. Cinninaegenus Cinna
Cinna Wood reed N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 L.
Stout woodreed,
Sweet woodreed,
Wood reedgrass
Native,
Secure
Cinna arundinacea.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngCinna arundinacea NRCS-1.jpg
Cinna arundinacea NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN


NWG


Images, wsp
 (Trevis. ex Goepp.) Griseb.
Drooping woodreed,
Slender wood reedgrass
Native,
Secure
Cinna latifolia (6081577824).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN





Images, wsp

Genus Apera[edit]

Poaceaesubfam. Pooideaetribe Poeaesubtr. Poinaegenus Apera
Apera Silky bent N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 (L.) P.Beauv.

(=) Agrostis interrupta
(=) Apera interrupta  P.Beauv.
Dense silky bentgrass,
Interrupted windgrass
Introduced
Apera interrupta (6261603155).jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngApera interrupta HC-1950.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X





Images, wsp
Silky bentgrass,
Loose silkybent,
Common windgrass
Introduced
Apera spica-venti Plantule.JPG
Nymap.svg






Images, wsp

References[edit]