Flora of New York/Dipsacales

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Apiales
Flora of New York: Dipsacales
Lycophytes
Table of
contents
Genus
index
Protected species index Invasive species index


The order Dipsacales is here organized, down to subfamily, according to the system presented in the Angiosperm Phylogeny Website.[1]

Family Adoxaceae[edit]

The Adoxaceae (moschatel or muskroot family) in New York contains about 20 species of Viburnum, three species of Sambucus (elderberries), and the endangered Adoxa moschatellina (muskroot).

Subfamily Opuloideae[edit]

Tribe Viburneae[edit]

The four major clades of Viburnum, proposed by Donoghue, Winkworth and Clement,[2] are all represented in New York by about 16 species of woody plants.

Genus Viburnum[edit]

Viburnum clade Lantana[edit]
Adoxaceaesubfam. Opuloideaetribe Viburneaegenus Viburnumclade Lantana
Viburnum sect. Lentago Viburnum N.Y. Status Images Distribution 19
 L.
Nannyberry,
Sweet viburnum
Native,
Secure
2249-Viburnum lentago-DZ-8.12.JPG
Viburnum lentago NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN



NSE 

Images, wsp
 L.
var. cassinoides (L.) Torr. & A.Gray

1762. Viburnum cassinoides  L.
1789. Viburnum nitidum  Aiton
1841. V. nudum var. cassinoides Torr. & A.Gray
1956. V. cassinoides var. nitidum McAtee[3]
1956. V. cassinoides var. harbisonii McAtee
Northern wild raisin,
Withe-rod,
Swamp haw
Native,
Secure
Viburnum nudum var cassinoides 5504845.jpg
Viburnum nudum var cassinoides NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW 
ARS ITIS
Trop.
NSE 

Images, wsp
 L.
var. nudum

V. cassinoides var. angustifolium
Possumhaw Native,
Endangered
Viburnum nudum 001.jpg
Viburnum nudum var nudum nymap.svg
NYFA-1
USDA-N0
NEW 


NSE 

Images, wsp
 L.
Black-haw,
Sweet-haw,
Stagbush
Native,
Likely secure
1557-Viburnum prunifolium-DZ-8.12.JPG
Viburnum prunifolium NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4
USDA-N0





Images, wsp
Viburnum sect. Pseudotinus Viburnum N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 Michx.

1783. V. lantana var. latifolium C.F.Ludwig
1789. V. lantana var. grandifolium Aiton
1803. Viburnum lantanoides  Michx.
1817. Viburnum grandifolium  Smith[4]
 auct. Viburnum alnifolium non Marsh.
Hobblebush,
Alder-leaved viburnum,
American wayfaring tree,
Witch hobble

Viorne bois-d'orignal,
Viorne faux-lantana,
Viorne à feuilles d'aulne
Native,
Secure
Flickr - Nicholas T - Hobblebush.jpg
Viburnum lantanoides NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.


Images, wsp
Viburnum sect. Lantana Viburnum N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.
Wayfaring tree Introduced from
 Japan,
Moderately invasive,
NYIS: 53%[5],
CP-5[6] NE-4[7]
Viburnum lantana 001.jpg
Viburnum lantana nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
Hemsl.
Leatherleaf,
Leatherleaf arrowwood,
Leatherleaf viburnum
Introduced,
No specimens,
Japan native
Viburnum rhytidophyllum.jpg
Viburnum rhytidophyllum nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-X0





Images, wsp
  1. Angiosperm Phylogeny Website (as of May 2014)
  2. Wendy L Clement and Michael J Donoghue, "Barcoding success as a function of phylogenetic relatedness in Viburnum, a clade of woody angiosperms," BMC Evolutionary Biology 2012, 12:73
  3. W. L. McAtee (1956). A Review of the Nearctic Viburnum. Chapel Hill, N.C. 125 pp.
  4. Steven D. Glenn (2013) Viburnum lantanoides Hobblebush, Technical Page. New York Metropolitan Flora Project, Brooklyn Botanic Garden.
  5. New York non-native plant invasiveness assessmentViburnum lantana: Moderate (53). M.J.Jordan, G.Moore & T.W.Weldy (2008). Invasiveness ranking system for non-native plants of New York. Unpublished. The Nature Conservancy, Albany & Cold Spring Harbor, NY; Brooklyn Botanic Garden, Brooklyn, NY.
  6. Appendix 5. Plant species of concern (Watch List) within the central Finger Lakes region. Policy on the use of non-native plants in Cornell Plantations' accessioned collections (2009)
  7. Category 4 Plants - local concern and monitoring - Eastern Region invasive plants, ranked by degree of invasiveness as based on information from States (1998) US Forest Service
Viburnum clade Solenotinus[edit]
Adoxaceaesubfam. Opuloideaetribe Viburneaegenus Viburnumclade Solenotinus
Viburnum sect. Tomentosa Viburnum N.Y. Status Images Distribution 19
Doublefile viburnum,
Japanese snowball
Introduced,
NE-4[1]
Viburnum plicatum Mariesii B.jpg
Viburnum plicatum nymap.svg
NYFA-X





Images, wsp
Viburnum sect. Solenotinus Viburnum N.Y. Status Images Distribution 19
Siebold viburnum,
Siebold’s arrowwood
Introduced,
Moderately invasive,
NYIS: 62%[2],
CP-5[3] NE-4[1]
Flowers of Viburnum sieboldii 001.JPG
NYFA-X





Images, wsp
  1. a b Category 4 Plants - local concern and monitoring - Eastern Region invasive plants, ranked by degree of invasiveness as based on information from States (1998) US Forest Service
  2. New York non-native plant invasiveness assessmentViburnum sieboldii: Moderate (62).
  3. Appendix 5. Plant species of concern (Watch List) within the central Finger Lakes region. Policy on the use of non-native plants in Cornell Plantations' accessioned collections (2009)
Viburnum clade Oreinodontotinus[edit]
Adoxaceaesubfam. Opuloideaetribe Viburneaegenus Viburnumclade Oreinodontotinus
Viburnum sect. Mollodontotinus Viburnum N.Y. Status Images Distribution 19
Schult. (1820}

V. affine Bush
V. "rafinesquianum" Schult. (1820}
Downy arrowwood,
Downy arrow-wood
Native,
Secure
Viburnum rafinesquianum 6-eheep (5098107180).jpg
Viburnum rafinesqueanum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
 Michx.

V. ozarkense Ashe
Soft-leaved arrow-wood Introduced,
N. America native
Viburnum molle BB-1913.png
NYFA-X
USDA-N0





Images, wsp
Viburnum sect. Oreinodontotinus Viburnum N.Y. Status Images Distribution 19
var. lucidum

V. ashei Bush
V. recognitum Fernald
Northern arrowwood Native,
Secure
1565-Viburnum dentatum-DZ-8.12.JPG
NYFA-5
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
var. venosum
Southern arrowwood Native,
Threatened
1569-Viburnum dentatum-DZ-8.12.JPG
Viburnum dentatum var venosum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-2
USDA-N





Images, wsp
Viburnum clade Succodontotinus[edit]
Adoxaceaesubfam. Opuloideaetribe Viburneaegenus Viburnumclade Succodontotinus
Viburnum sect. Lobata Viburnum N.Y. Status Images Distribution 19
 L.

1753. Viburnum acerifolium  L.
1860. Viburnum densiflorum  Chapm.
1956. V. acerifolium var. densiflorum McAtee
Mapleleaf viburnum,
Arrow-wood,
Possum haw,
Dockmackie
Native,
Secure
Viburnum acerifolium.jpg
Viburnum acerifolium nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ARS 
Trop.


Images, wsp
Viburnum sect. Opulus Viburnum N.Y. Status Images Distribution 19
 L.
var. americanum Aiton

1785. Viburnum trilobum  Marshall
1789. V. opulus var. americanum Aiton
1949. V. opulus ssp. trilobum R.T.Clausen
Highbush cranberry,
American cranberrybush,
Cranberrybush viburnum,
Mooseberry

Viorne trilobée,
Viorne pimbina
Native,
Likely secure,
NE-5[1]
Highbush Cranberry.jpg
Viburnum opulus var americanum nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS 
Trop.


Images, wsp
 L.
var. opulus

1753. Viburnum opulus  L.
1753. V. opulus var. roseum L.
1821. Viburnum roseum  Steud.
European cranberrybush,
Guelder rose
Introduced,
Moderately invasive,
NYIS: 67%[2],
CP-3[3] NE-4[4]
20130817Schneeball Altlussheim2.jpg
Viburnum opulus var opulus nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW 
ARS 
FNA 

Note VT
Images, wsp
 (Michx.) Raf.

1803. Viburnum opulus var. edule Michx.
1808. Viburnum edule  Raf.
1838. Viburnum opulus var. pauciflorum Raf.
1841. Viburnum pauciflorum  Torr. & A.Gray
Squashberry,
Mooseberry

Viorne comestible
Native,
Threatened
Viburnum edule BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-2
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.


Images, wsp
Viburnum sect. Succodontotinus Viburnum N.Y. Status Images Distribution 19
Linden arrowwood,
Linden viburnum
Introduced,
Moderately invasive,
NYIS: 57%[5],
NE-L[4] IPA
Viburnum dilatatum01.jpg
NYFA-X




Note MBG
UC VT
Images, wsp
 Hance
Tea viburnum,
Tea-leaf viburnum
Introduced from
 eastern Asia,
Invasive,
NYIS: 41%[6]
Viburnum setigerum - Longwood Gardens - DSC00807-4x3.JPG
NYFA-X
USDA-X0





Images, wsp
  1. Category 5 Plants - native invasives - Eastern Region invasive plants, ranked by degree of invasiveness as based on information from States (1998) US Forest Service
  2. New York non-native plant invasiveness assessmentViburnum opulus var. opulus: Moderate (67).
  3. Appendix 3. Plant species that are considered moderately to highly invasive to natural areas in the central Finger Lakes region. Policy on the use of non-native plants in Cornell Plantations' accessioned collections (2009)
  4. a b Category 4 Plants - local concern and monitoring - Eastern Region invasive plants, ranked by degree of invasiveness as based on information from States (1998) US Forest Service
  5. New York non-native plant invasiveness assessmentViburnum dilatatum: Moderate (57).
  6. New York non-native plant invasiveness assessmentViburnum setigerum: Low (41).

Subfamily Adoxoideae[edit]

Tribe Sambuceae[edit]

Adoxaceaesubfam. Adoxoideaetribe Sambuceaegenus Sambucus
Sambucus Elderberry N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
var. racemosa

1753. Sambucus racemosa  L.
1803. Sambucus pubens  Michx.
1892. Sambucus callicarpa  Greene
1901. Sambucus microbotrys  Rydb.
1913. S. racemosa ssp. pubens House
Red elderberry,
Scarlet elder,
Red-berried elder,
Bunchberry elder

Sureau rouge
Native,
Secure
Sambucus racemosa 9143.JPG
Sambucus racemosa var racemosa NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.


Images, wsp
 L.
ssp. canadensis R.Bolli

1753. Sambucus canadensis  L.
1884. S. canadensis var. laciniata A.Gray
1911. Sambucus simpsonii  Rehder
1994. S. nigra ssp. canadensis R.Bolli
2003. S. nigra var. canadensis B.L.Turner
American black elderberry,
Common elderberry
Native,
Secure
Elder Berries - geograph.org.uk - 232044.jpg
Sambucus nigra ssp canadensis NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.


Images, wsp
 L.
ssp. nigra

1753. Sambucus nigra  L.
1753. Sambucus nigra var. laciniata L.
1769. Sambucus laciniata  Mill.
European black elderberry Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Impersistent,
No specimens
Redburn Country Park, Holywood, July 2013 (04).JPG
Sambucus ebulus nymap.svg
NYFA-0
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.


Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Sambucus ebulus  L.
Dwarf elderberry,
Dwarf elder,
Danewort

Sureau yèble
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa,
Impersistent,
No specimens
Sambucus ebulus 1.jpg
Sambucus ebulus nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
Can
ARS ITIS



Images, wsp

Tribe Adoxeae[edit]

The sole member of the Adoxa genus is Adoxa moschatellina, which is considered endangered in New York.

Adoxaceaesubfam. Adoxoideaegenus Adoxa
Adoxa Muskroot N.Y. Status Images Distribution
Musk-root Native,
Endangered
Muskusinis uksminas.jpg
Adoxa moschatellina nymap.svg
NYFA-1
USDA-NN





Images, wsp

Family Caprifoliaceae[edit]

Subfamily Diervilloideae[edit]

The Diervilloideae is also commonly treated as Diervillaceae Flora of New York/au (bush honeysuckle family). It should be noted that most of the non-native Caprifoliaceae species in New York also take the form of a bushes or shrubs commonly called bush honesuckle and are considered to be highly invasive.

Caprifoliaceaesubfam. Diervilloideae
Diervilla Bush-honeysuckle N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 Mill.

1753. Lonicera diervilla  L.
1768. Diervilla lonicera  Mill.
1803. Diervilla tournefortii  Michx.
1892. Diervilla diervilla  MacMill. nom. inval.
1940. Diervilla lonicera var. hypomalaca Fernald
Northern bush-honeysuckle,
Bush-honeysuckle

Dièreville chèvrefeuille,
Herbe bleue
Native,
Secure
Northern bush honeysuckle.jpg
Diervilla lonicera NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.


Images, wsp
WeigelaThunberg (1780) Weigela N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (Sieb. & Zucc.) Koch
Crimson weigela Introduced,
E. Asia native
Weigela floribunda.JPG
Weigela floribunda NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-X





Images, wsp

Subfamily Caprifolioideae[edit]

The Caprifolioideae (honeysuckle family)...

Tribe Triosteeae[edit]

Caprifoliaceaesubfam. Caprifolioideaetribe Triosteeaegenus Triosteum
Triosteum Horse-gentian N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
 E.P.Bicknell
Orangefruit horse-gentian,
Coffee tinker's-weed
Native,
Secure
Triosteum aurantiacum.jpg
Triosteum aurantiacum nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ITIS



Images, wsp
 L. (1753)
Perfoliate-leaved horse-gentian,
Perfoliate tinker's-weed,
Feverwort
Native,
Likely secure
Triosteum perfoliatum.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngTriosteum perfoliatum, Fever root (3527704463).jpg
Triosteum perfoliatum nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN

ARS 



Images, wsp
 L.
Lesser horse-gentian,
Yellowfruit horse-gentian,
Yellow-leaved tinker's-weed,
Narrow-leaved horse gentian
Native,
Likely extirpated
Triosteum angustifolium BB-1913.png
Triosteum angustifolium nymap.svg
NYFA-Z
USDA-NN

ITIS



Images, wsp

Tribe Caprifolieae[edit]

Genus Lonicera[edit]

Members of the Lonicera genus are mostly known as "honeysuckle."

Lonicera subg. Caprifolium[edit]
Caprifoliaceaesubfam. Caprifolioideaetribe Caprifolieaegenus Lonicerasubg. Caprifolium
Lonicera Honeysuckle N.Y. Status Images Distribution 20
 L.
var. dioica

1767. Lonicera dioica  L.
Limber honeysuckle,
Glaucous honeysuckle,
Mountain honeysuckle,
Smooth honeysuckle,
Wild honeysuckle

Dhèvrefeuille dioïque
Native,
Secure
Lonicera dioica UGA-5473501.jpg
Lonicera dioica var dioica nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.


Images, wsp
 L.
var. douglasii (Lindl.) Farw.

1830. Caprifolium douglasii  Lindl.
1830. Lonicera douglasii  (Lindl.) DC.
1896. L. hirsuta var. glaucescens Rydb.
1897. Lonicera glaucescens  Rydb.
1912. L. dioica var. glaucescens Butters
1929. L. dioica var. douglasii (Lindl.) Farw.
1982. L. dioica ssp. glaucescens Á.&D.Löve
Red honeysuckle,
Douglas honeysuckle,
Limber honeysuckle,
Wild honeysuckle[1]

Chèvrefeuille glauque
Native,
Vulnerable
Lonicera dioica UGA-5496930.jpg
Lonicera dioica var douglasii nymap.svg
NYFA-3
USDA-N
NEW Can
ARS ITIS


Note [2]
Images, wsp
 Eaton
Hairy honeysuckle Native,
Likely secure
Lonicera hirsuta UGA-5497320.jpg
Lonicera hirsuta nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN

ARS ITIS



Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Lonicera sempervirens  L.
1768. Periclymenum sempervirens  L.
1789. L. sempervirens var. minor Aiton
1802. Caprifolium sempervirens  Moench
1895. Phenianthus sempervirens  Raf.
1903. L. sempervirens var. hirsutula Rehder
Trumpet honeysuckle,
Coral honeysuckle

Chèvrefeuille toujours vert
Native,
Likely secure
Lonicera sempervirens.jpg
NYFA-4
USDA-NX
NEW Can
ARS 
Trop.


Images, wsp
 L. (1753)
Italian woodbine,
Italian honeysuckle,
Perfoliate honeysuckle,
Clématite des jardins
Introduced,
Europe native
Lonicera-caprifolium.JPG
Lonicera caprifolium nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS ITIS



Images, wsp
  1. Robert W. Freckmann Herbarium, University of Wisconsin-Stevens Point.
  2. Many references treat all varieties of Lonicera dioica as a single taxon, but the 2003 USDA Forest Service Conservation Assessment for Red Honeysuckle (Lonicera dioica L. var. glaucescens) (Rydb.) Butters states that "If it is to be accepted as a variety, its correct name should be Lonicera dioica var. douglasii (Lindl.) Farw., otherwise it could be considered a minor variation within Lonicera dioica L."
Lonicera subg. Lonicera[edit]
Lonicera sect. Isika & Nintooa[edit]

Because sect. Nintooa appears to be embedded within sect. Isika, these two sections placed in the following table together.[1]

Caprifoliaceaetribe Caprifolieaegenus Lonicerasubg. Lonicera
Lonicera sect. Nintooa Honeysuckle N.Y. Status Images Distribution 20
 Thunb.
Japanese honeysuckle Introduced from
 East Asia,
Very highly invasive,
NYIS: 84%[2],
CP3[3] NE1[4]
Dipsacales - Lonicera japonica 1.jpg
Lonicera japonica nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX




Note VT
Images, wsp
Lonicera sect. Isika Honeysuckle N.Y. Status Images Distribution 20
Lindl. & Paxton

Xylosteon fragrantissimum
Fragrant honeysuckle,
January jasmine,
Sweet-breath-of-spring
Introduced,
Invasive,
China native
Lonicera fragrantissima0.jpg
Lonicera fragrantissima nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-X0





Images, wsp
 Jacques
Standish's honeysuckle Introduced,
Impersistent
Lonicera fragrantissima subsp. standishii 1.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngLonicera fragrantissima subsp. standishii 2.jpg
Lonicera standishii nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-X0





Images, wsp
  1. Nina Theis, et. al. (2008). "Phylogenetics of the Caprifolieae and Lonicera (Dipsacales) Based on Nuclear and Chloroplast DNA Sequences." Systematic Botany 33(4): pp. 776–783.
  2. New York non-native plant invasiveness assessmentLonicera spp.: Very high (84).
  3. Appendix 3. Plant species that are considered moderately to highly invasive to natural areas in the central Finger Lakes region. Policy on the use of non-native plants in Cornell Plantations' accessioned collections (2009)
  4. Category 1 Plants - highly invasive - Eastern Region invasive plants, ranked by degree of invasiveness as based on information from States (1998) US Forest Service
Lonicera sect. Coeloxylosteum[edit]

The Lonicera section Coeloxylosteum in New York contains native and naturalized "fly honeysuckles" including the very-highly invasve "exotic bush honeysuckles."

Caprifoliaceaesubfam. Caprifolioideaetribe Caprifolieaegenus Lonicerasubg. Lonicera
Lonicera sect. Coeloxylosteum Honeysuckle N.Y. Status Images Distribution 20
Bartram & W.Bartram ex Marshall

1777. Lonicera canadensis  Bartram
1785. Lonicera canadensis  Marshall
1813. Xylosteon ciliatum  Pursh
American fly-honeysuckle,
Canada fly honeysuckle[1],
Fly Honeysuckle[2]

Chèvrefeuille du Canada
Native,
Secure
Fly honeysuckle (Whitefish I) 1.JPG
Lonicera canadensis nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW 
ARS ITIS



Images, wsp
 (Goldie) Hook.

1822. Xylosteon oblongifolium  Goldie[3]
1833. Lonicera oblongifolia  Hook.
1911. L. oblongifolia var. altissima Rehder
Swamp fly-honeysuckle

Chèvrefeuille
 à feuilles oblongues
Native,
Likely secure
Lonicera oblongifolia BB-1913.png
Lonicera oblongifolia nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.


Images, wsp
(Michx.) Roem. & Schult.

1803. Xylosteon villosum  Michx.
1819. Lonicera villosa  Roem. & Schult.
1841. L. caerulea var. villosa[4]
1982. L. caerulea ssp. villosa
Mountain fly-honeysuckle,
Northern fly-honeysuckle,
Velvet honeysuckle,
Blue fly honeysuckle

Chèvrefeuille velu
Native,
Vulnerable
Lonicera caerulea flowers.JPG
Lonicera villosa nymap.svg
NYFA-3?
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.


Images, wsp
 Raf.

1838. Lonicera reticulata  Raf.
1864. Caprifolium proliferum  G.Kirchn.
1884. Lonicera sullivantii  A.Gray
1910. L. prolifera  J.R.Booth ex Rehder
1952. L. prolifera var. glabra Gleason
Grape honeysuckle

Chèvrefeuille réticulé
Introduced,
N. America native
Lonicera prolifera.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngLonicera reticulata BB-1913.png
Lonicera reticulata nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-N0
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.


Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Lonicera tatarica  L.
1800. Lonicera sibirica  Georgi, nom. nud.
1803. Xylosteon tataricum  Michx.
1891. Caprifolium tataricum  Kuntze
Tatarian honeysuckle,
Tartarian honeysuckle

Clématite de Tartarie
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Very highly invasive,
NYIS: 86% [5],
CP2[6] NE1[7],
IPA VT
Lonicera tatarica (flowers).jpg
Lonicera tatarica nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.


Images, wsp
 A.Gray

1857. Lonicera morrowii  A.Gray
1917. Lonicera insularis  Nakai
1968. Xylosteon morrowii  Moldenke
2011. L. tatarica var. morrowii Q.E.Yang…
Morrow's honeysuckle,
Asian fly honeysuckle

Chèvrefeuille de Morrow
Introduced from
 Asia,
Very highly invasive,
NYIS: 86% [5],
CP2[6] NE1[7],
IPAVT
Lonicera morrowii 5.JPG
Lonicera morrowii nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
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Images, wsp
 Zabel

Lonicera morrowii ×
Lonicera tatarica

1889. Lonicera × bella  Zabel
Bell's honeysuckle,
Showy fly honeysuckle,
Bella honeysuckle,
Whitebell honeysuckle

Chèvrefeuille de Bell,
Chèvrefeuille joli
Introduced,
Very highly invasive,
NYIS: 86% [5],
CP2[6] NE1[7],
IPA VT
Lonicera × bella UGA-5453370.jpg
Lonicera × bella nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.


Images, wsp
 (Rupr.) Maxim.

1857. Xylosteon maackii  Rupr.
1859. Lonicera maackii  (Rupr.) Maxim.
1864. Lonicera maackii  (Rupr.) Herder
1891. Caprifolium maackii  (Rupr.) Kuntze
Amur honeysuckle,
Bush honeysuckle,
Late honeysuckle,
Maack's honeysuckle

Chèvrefeuille de Maack,
Clématite de Maack
Introduced from
 Asia,
Very highly invasive,
NYIS: 84% [5],
CP2[6], NE1[7],
IPAVT
Lonicera maackii 658.JPG
Lonicera maackii nymap.svg

NYFA-X
NEW Can
ARS ITIS



Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Lonicera xylosteum  L.
1889. Lonicera segreziensis
   Lavallée ex Dippel
European fly honeysuckle,
Fly honeysuckle,
Dwarf honeysuckle

Chèvrefeuille à balais,
Camérisier à balais,
Clématite des haies
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Invasive,
NYIS: Unknown [5]
Lonicera xylosteum W.jpg
Lonicera xylosteum nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
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Images, wsp
 Tausch.

Lonicera tatarica ×
Lonicera xylosteum

1838. Lonicera × xylosteoides  Tausch
Hybrid of
 Tatarian honeysuckle &
 European fly honeysuckle
Introduced,
Potentially invasive
Lonicera tatarica BB-1913.pngImg spacer 2x87.pngLonicera xylosteum BB-1913.png
Lonicera × xylosteoides nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
Can
ARS ITIS



Images, wsp
 Regel

1869. Lonicera ruprechtiana  Regel
1891. Caprifolium ruprechtianum  Kuntze
1893. Lonicera × muscaviensis  Rehder
Manchurian honeysuckle,
Ruprecht's honeysuckle
Introduced from
 temperate Asia,
Potentially invasive
Lonicera ruprechtiana nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-X0

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Images, wsp
 Zabel

Lonicera ruprechtiana ×
Lonicera tatarica

1889. Lonicera × notha   Zabel
Hybrid of
 Manchurian &
 Tatarian honeysuckle
Introduced,
Potentially invasive
Lonicera × notha nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-X0

ITIS
Trop.


Images, wsp
  1. Northern Ontario Plant Database
  2. Connecticut Botanical Society
  3. Caprifoliaceae Xylosteon oblongifolium Goldie: International Plant Names Index (2005)
  4. GRIN treats Lonicera villosa as a synonym of L. caerulea var. villosa
  5. a b c d e New York non-native plant invasiveness assessmentLonicera spp.: Very high (84-86). M.J.Jordan, G.Moore & T.W.Weldy (2008). Invasiveness ranking system for non-native plants of New York. Unpublished. The Nature Conservancy, Albany & Cold Spring Harbor, NY; Brooklyn Botanic Garden, Brooklyn, NY.
  6. a b c d Appendix 2. Plant species that are considered highly invasive to natural areas in the central Finger Lakes region. Policy on the use of non-native plants in Cornell Plantations' accessioned collections (2009)
  7. a b c d Category 1 Plants - highly invasive - Eastern Region invasive plants, ranked by degree of invasiveness as based on information from States (1998) US Forest Service

Genus Symphoricarpos[edit]

Caprifoliaceaesubfam. Caprifolioideaetribe Caprifolieaegenus Symphoricarpos
Symphoricarpos Snowberry N.Y. Status Images Distribution 4
(L.) S.F.Blake
var. laevigatus
Common snowberry,
Waxberry

Symphorine lisse,
Symphorine blanche lisse
Native,
Secure
Symphoricarpos albus (5062664054).jpg
Symphoricarpos albus var laevigatus nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
Can
ARS ITIS



Images, wsp
(L.) S.F.Blake
var. albus
Common snowberry,
Waxberry

Symphorine blanche
Native,
Likely secure
Symphoricarpos albus 004.JPG
Symphoricarpos albus var albus nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN

ARS ITIS



Images, wsp
Moench (1794)

Lonicera symphoricarpos L.
Symphoricarpos vulgaris Michx.
Symphoricarpos symphoricarpos
Buck brush,
Coralberry,
Indian-coralberry,
Indian-currant

Symphorine à baies-de-corail
Introduced,
N. America native
Symphoricarpos orbiculatus HRM2.JPG
Symphoricarpos orbiculatus nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-NX

ARS ITIS



Images, wsp
Hook. (1833)
Wolfberry,
Western snowberry,
Northern snowberry
Introduced,
N. America native
Symphoricarpos occidentalis NPS-1.jpg
Symphoricarpos occidentalis nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-NN

ARS ITIS



Images, wsp

Subfamily Linnaeoideae[edit]

The Linnaeoideae (twinflower subfamily)...

Caprifoliaceaesubfam. Linnaeoideae
LinnaeaL. Twinflower N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.
ssp. americana

Linnaea americana Forbes
Twinflower Native,
Likely secure
Linnaea borealis ssp americana 1.JPG
Linnaea borealis ssp americana nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
Kolkwitzia Beautybush N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 Graebn. (1901)
Beautybush,
Cold-whiskey-plant,
Buisson de beauté
Introduced
Kolkwitzia amabilis4.jpg
Kolkwitzia amabilis nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-X0

ARS ITIS



Images, wsp

Subfamily Dipsacoideae[edit]

The Dipsacoideae (teasel subfamily) is native to a region centered on the Mediterranean and has no members that are native to the western hemisphere.[1]

Tribe Succiseae[edit]

Caprifoliaceaesubfam. Dipsacoideaetribe Succiseaegenus Succisella
SuccisellaBeck Succisella N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (Kluk) Beck

1803. Scabiosa australis  Wulfen
1809. Scabiosa inflexa  Kluk
1830. Succisa australis  Rchb.
1893. Succisella inflexa  Beck
Southern succisella,
Frosted pearls

Succiselle infléchie
Introduced
ÖBG 2010-09-23 Succisella inflexa 1.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngÖBG 2010-09-23 Succisella inflexa 2.jpg
Succisella inflexa nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
Can




Images, wsp

Tribe Dipsaceae[edit]

Teasels (genus Dipsacus) are common weeds in New York, introduced from Eurasia. The most common are the "wild fuller's teasels" (D. fullonum). The least common are the "cultivated fuller's teasels" (D. sativus) which have been used as natural combs in the textile industry since the Middle Ages.[1] Cut-leaf teasels have turned out to be the most invasive. They seem to be increasing in population and are on the DEC's proposed list of Prohibited Invasive Species.[2][3]

Caprifoliaceaesubfam. Dipsacoideaetribe Dipsaceaegenus Dipsacus
DipsacusL. Teasel N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
 L.

1753. Dipsacus laciniatus  L.
Cutleaf teasel,
Cut-leaf teasel,
Cut-leaved teasel,
Laciniate teasel

Cardère découpée,
Cardère laciniée
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Highly invasive,
NYIS: 76%[4],
Prohibited[2]
Dipsacus laciniatus inflorescence.jpg
Dipsacus laciniatus nymap.svg

NYFA-X
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Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Dipsacus fullonum  L.
1762. Dipsacus sylvestris  Huds.
1778. D. fullonum var. sylvestris Schmalh.
1962. D. fullonum ssp. sylvestris A.R.Clapham.
Common teasel,
Wild fuller's teasel,
Wild teazle

Cardaire sauvage
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa,
Widespread weed
Cardons comuns1.JPG
Dipsacus fullonum nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
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Images, wsp
 (L.) Honckn.

1762. Dipsacus fullonum  Huds.
1763. Dipsacus fullonum var. sativus L.
1767. Dipsacus sativus  (L.) Garsault
1782. Dipsacus sativus  (L.) Honckn.
1912. Dipsacus fullonum ssp. sativus Thell.
Cultivated teasel,
Cultivated fuller's teasel,
Indian teasel
Introduced from
 Mediterrean,
Impersistent
Dipsacus sativus-20.jpg
Dipsacus sativus nymap.svg
NYFA-X
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Images, wsp

Tribe Knautieae[edit]

Caprifoliaceaesubfam. Dipsacoideaetribe Knautieaegenus Knautia
Knautia Scabious N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (L.) Coult.

1753. Scabiosa arvensis  L.
1823. Knautia arvensis  Coult.
Field scabiosa,
Field-scabious,
Bluebuttons,
Blue-buttons

Knautie des champs,
Scabieuse des champs
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Potentially invasive,
IPA
Knautia arvensis (L.) (7477548294).jpg
Knautia arvensis nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW 
ARS ITIS



Images, wsp

Tribe Scabioseae[edit]

Caprifoliaceaesubfam. Dipsacoideaetribe Scabioseaegenus Scabiosa
Scabiosa Pincushions N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.

1753. Scabiosa columbaria  L.
Dove pincushions,
Pincushion flower,
Yellow scabious

Oeil de perdrix,
Colombaire
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa
20130528Tauben-Skabiose Reilingen3.jpg
Scabiosa columbaria nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-X0
NEW 
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Images, wsp

Subfamily Valerianoideae[edit]

The Valerianoideae is often included in the Valerianaceae (valerian family)...

Caprifoliaceaesubfam. Valerianoideae
Valeriana Valerian N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 (Torr. & A.Gray) Rydb.

1842. V. sylvatica var. uliginosa Torr. & A.Gray
1918. Valeriana uliginosa  Rydb.
1901. Valeriana dubiosa  Gand.
1951. V. sitchensis ssp. uliginosa F.G.Mey.
1952. V. septentrionalis var. uliginosa Gleason
1966. V. sitchensis var. uliginosa B.Boivin
Marsh valerian,
Swamp valerian,
Mountain valerian

Valériane des tourbières,
Valériane uligineuse
Native,
Endangered
Valeriana uliginosa.png
Valeriana uliginosa nymap.svg
NYFA-1-2
USDA-
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.
NSE 

Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Valeriana officinalis  L.
1932. Valeriana stubendorfii  Kreyer ex Kom.
1933. Valeriana dageletiana  Nakai ex F.Maek.
Garden heliotrope,
Common valerian,
European valerian,
Garden valerian

Valériane officinale,
Valériane cultivée
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Invasive,
NYIS: 62%[1],
Prohibited in CT
20130702Baldrian St Arnual2.jpg
Valeriana officinalis nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.
NSE 

Images, wsp
Valerianella Cornsalad N.Y. Status Images Distribution 4
 (L.) Dufr.

1753. Valeriana locusta var. radiata L.
1811. Valerianella radiata  Dufr.
1938. V. stenocarpa var. parviflora Dyal
1843. Valerianella woodsiana  Walp.
Beaked corn-salad Native,
Threatened
Valerianella radiata.png
Valerianella radiata nymap.svg
NYFA-2-4
USDA-N
NEW 
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Images, wsp
 (Pursh) DC.

1814. Fedia chenopodiifolia  Pursh
1830. Valerianella chenopodiifolia  DC.
Goose-foot corn-salad,
Goosefoot valerian

Valérianelle à feuilles
 de chénopode
Native,
Endangered
Valerianella chenopodiifolia.png
Valerianella chenopodiifolia nymap.svg
NYFA-1
USDA-
Can
ITIS
Trop.


Images, wsp
 (Sull.) Alph.Wood

1842. Fedia umbilicata  Sull.
1848. Fedia patellaria  Sull.
1861. Valerianella umbilicata  Alph.Wood
1861. Valerianella patellaria  Alph.Wood
1872. V. radiata var. umbilicata Porter
1884. V. woodsiana var. umbilicata A.Gray
1938. Valerianella intermedia  Dyal
1952. V. radiata var. intermedia Gleason
Corn salad,
Kankakee corn-salad,
Navel-shape corn-salad,
Navel corn-salad,
Northern corn salad
Native,
Endangered,
No recent reports
Valerianella umbilicata BB-1913.png
Valerianella umbilicata nymap.svg
NYFA-Z
USDA-NN
NEW 
ITIS
Trop.


Images, wsp
European cornsalad,
Common cornsalad,
Lamb's-lettuce,
Valérianelle
Introduced
Valerianella locusta.jpeg
Valerianella locusta nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-

ARS 



Images, wsp
  1. New York non-native plant invasiveness assessmentValeriana officinalis: Moderate (62). M.J.Jordan, G.Moore & T.W.Weldy (2008). Invasiveness ranking system for non-native plants of New York. Unpublished. The Nature Conservancy, Albany & Cold Spring Harbor, NY; Brooklyn Botanic Garden, Brooklyn, NY.