Flora of New York/Dipsacales

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Apiales
Flora of New York: Dipsacales
Lycophytes
Table of
contents
Genus
index
Protected species index Invasive species index


The order Dipsacales is here organized, down to subfamily, according to the system presented in the Angiosperm Phylogeny Website.[1]

Family Adoxaceae[edit]

The Adoxaceae (moschatel or muskroot family) in New York contains about 20 species of Viburnum, three species of Sambucus (elderberries), and the endangered Adoxa moschatellina (muskroot).

Subfamily Opuloideae[edit]

Tribe Viburneae[edit]

The four major clades of Viburnum, proposed by Donoghue, Winkworth and Clement,[2] are all represented in New York by about 16 species of woody plants.

Genus Viburnum[edit]

Viburnum clade Lantana[edit]
Adoxaceae – subfam. Opuloideae – tribe Viburneae – genus Viburnum – clade Lantana
Viburnum sect. Lentago Viburnum N.Y. Status Images Distribution 19
 L.
Nannyberry,
Sweet viburnum
Native,
Secure
2249-Viburnum lentago-DZ-8.12.JPG
Viburnum lentago NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN



NSE 
Images
 L.
var. cassinoides (L.) Torr. & A.Gray

1762. Viburnum cassinoides  L.
1789. Viburnum nitidum  Aiton
1841. V. nudum var. cassinoides Torr. & A.Gray
1956. V. cassinoides var. nitidum McAtee[3]
1956. V. cassinoides var. harbisonii McAtee
Northern wild raisin,
Withe-rod,
Swamp haw
Native,
Secure
Viburnum nudum var cassinoides 5504845.jpg
Viburnum nudum var cassinoides NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN
NEW 
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NSE 
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 L.
var. nudum

 (=) V. cassinoides var. angustifolium 
Possumhaw Native,
Endangered
Viburnum nudum 001.jpg
Viburnum nudum var nudum nymap.svg
NYFA-1
NRCS-N0
NEW 


NSE 
Images
 L.
Black-haw,
Sweet-haw,
Stagbush
Native,
Likely secure
1557-Viburnum prunifolium-DZ-8.12.JPG
Viburnum prunifolium NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4
NRCS-N0




Images
Viburnum sect. Pseudotinus Viburnum N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 Michx.

1783. V. lantana var. latifolium C.F.Ludwig
1789. V. lantana var. grandifolium Aiton
1803. Viburnum lantanoides  Michx.
1817. Viburnum grandifolium  Smith[4]
 auct. Viburnum alnifolium non Marsh.
Hobblebush,
Alder-leaved viburnum,
American wayfaring tree,
Witch hobble

Viorne bois-d'orignal,
Viorne faux-lantana,
Viorne à feuilles d'aulne
Native,
Secure
Flickr - Nicholas T - Hobblebush.jpg
Viburnum lantanoides NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN
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Viburnum sect. Lantana Viburnum N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.
Wayfaring tree Introduced from
 Japan,
Moderately invasive,
NYIS: 53%[5],
CP-5[6] NE-4[7]
Viburnum lantana 001.jpg
Viburnum lantana nymap.svg
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX
IO VT




Images
Hemsl.
Leatherleaf,
Leatherleaf arrowwood,
Leatherleaf viburnum
Introduced,
No specimens,
Japan native
Viburnum rhytidophyllum.jpg
Viburnum rhytidophyllum nymap.svg
NYFA-X
NRCS-X0
IO
VT




Images
  1. Angiosperm Phylogeny Website (as of May 2014)
  2. Wendy L Clement and Michael J Donoghue, "Barcoding success as a function of phylogenetic relatedness in Viburnum, a clade of woody angiosperms," BMC Evolutionary Biology 2012, 12:73
  3. W. L. McAtee (1956). A Review of the Nearctic Viburnum. Chapel Hill, N.C. 125 pp.
  4. Steven D. Glenn (2013) Viburnum lantanoides Hobblebush, Technical Page. New York Metropolitan Flora Project, Brooklyn Botanic Garden.
  5. New York non-native plant invasiveness assessmentViburnum lantana: Moderately invasive (53%). M.J.Jordan, G.Moore & T.W.Weldy (2008). Invasiveness ranking system for non-native plants of New York. Unpublished. The Nature Conservancy, Albany & Cold Spring Harbor, NY; Brooklyn Botanic Garden, Brooklyn, NY.
  6. Appendix 5. Plant species of concern (Watch List) within the central Finger Lakes region. Policy on the use of non-native plants in Cornell Plantations' accessioned collections (2009)
  7. Category 4 Plants - local concern and monitoring - Eastern Region invasive plants, ranked by degree of invasiveness as based on information from States (1998) US Forest Service
Viburnum clade Solenotinus[edit]
Adoxaceae – subfam. Opuloideae – tribe Viburneae – genus Viburnum – clade Solenotinus
Viburnum sect. Tomentosa Viburnum N.Y. Status Images Distribution 19
Doublefile viburnum,
Japanese snowball
Introduced,
NE-4[1]
Viburnum plicatum Mariesii B.jpg
Viburnum plicatum nymap.svg
NYFA-X
VT




Images
Viburnum sect. Solenotinus Viburnum N.Y. Status Images Distribution 19
Siebold viburnum,
Siebold’s arrowwood
Introduced,
Moderately invasive,
NYIS: M 62,
CP-5[2] NE-4[1]
Flowers of Viburnum sieboldii 001.JPG
NYFA-X




Images
  1. a b Category 4 Plants - local concern and monitoring - Eastern Region invasive plants, ranked by degree of invasiveness as based on information from States (1998) US Forest Service
  2. Appendix 5. Plant species of concern (Watch List) within the central Finger Lakes region. Policy on the use of non-native plants in Cornell Plantations' accessioned collections (2009)
Viburnum clade Oreinodontotinus[edit]
Adoxaceae – subfam. Opuloideae – tribe Viburneae – genus Viburnum – clade Oreinodontotinus
Viburnum sect. Mollodontotinus Viburnum N.Y. Status Images Distribution 19
Schult. (1820}

 (=) V. affine Bush 
 (=) V. "rafinesquianum" Schult. (1820} 
Downy arrowwood,
Downy arrow-wood
Native,
Secure
Viburnum rafinesquianum 6-eheep (5098107180).jpg
Viburnum rafinesqueanum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN
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Images
 Michx.

 (=) V. ozarkense Ashe 
Soft-leaved arrow-wood Introduced,
N. America native
Viburnum molle BB-1913.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-N0




Images
Viburnum sect. Oreinodontotinus Viburnum N.Y. Status Images Distribution 19
var. lucidum

 (=) V. ashei Bush 
 (=) V. recognitum Fernald 
Northern arrowwood Native,
Secure
1565-Viburnum dentatum-DZ-8.12.JPG
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN
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Images
var. venosum
Southern arrowwood Native,
Threatened
1569-Viburnum dentatum-DZ-8.12.JPG
Viburnum dentatum var venosum NY-dist-map.png
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Viburnum clade Succodontotinus[edit]
Adoxaceae – subfam. Opuloideae – tribe Viburneae – genus Viburnum – clade Succodontotinus
Viburnum sect. Lobata Viburnum N.Y. Status Images Distribution 19
 L.

1753. Viburnum acerifolium  L.
1860. Viburnum densiflorum  Chapm.
1956. V. acerifolium var. densiflorum McAtee
Mapleleaf viburnum,
Arrow-wood,
Possum haw,
Dockmackie
Native,
Secure
Viburnum acerifolium.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN
VT

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Viburnum sect. Opulus Viburnum N.Y. Status Images Distribution 19
 L.
var. americanum Aiton

1785. Viburnum trilobum  Marshall
1789. V. opulus var. americanum Aiton
1949. V. opulus ssp. trilobum R.T.Clausen
Highbush cranberry,
American cranberrybush,
Cranberrybush viburnum,
Mooseberry

Viorne trilobée,
Viorne pimbina
Native,
Likely secure,
NE-5[1]
Highbush Cranberry.jpg
Viburnum opulus var americanum nymap.svg
NYFA-4
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 L.
var. opulus

1753. Viburnum opulus  L.
1753. V. opulus var. roseum L.
1821. Viburnum roseum  Steud.
European cranberrybush,
Guelder rose
Introduced,
Moderately invasive,
NYIS: M 67,
CP-3[2] NE-4[3]
20130817Schneeball Altlussheim2.jpg
Viburnum opulus var opulus nymap.svg
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX
VT
NEW 
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 (Michx.) Raf.

1803. Viburnum opulus var. edule Michx.
1808. Viburnum edule  Raf.
1838. Viburnum opulus var. pauciflorum Raf.
1841. Viburnum pauciflorum  Torr. & A.Gray
Squashberry,
Mooseberry

Viorne comestible
Native,
Threatened
Viburnum edule BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-2
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Viburnum sect. Succodontotinus Viburnum N.Y. Status Images Distribution 19
Linden arrowwood,
Linden viburnum
Introduced,
Moderately invasive,
NYIS: M 57,
NE-L[3] IPA
Viburnum dilatatum01.jpg
NYFA-X
MBG UC
VT




Images
 Hance
Tea viburnum,
Tea-leaf viburnum
Introduced from
 eastern Asia,
Invasive,
NYIS: L 41
Viburnum setigerum - Longwood Gardens - DSC00807-4x3.JPG
NYFA-X
NRCS-X0




Images
  1. Category 5 Plants - native invasives - Eastern Region invasive plants, ranked by degree of invasiveness as based on information from States (1998) US Forest Service
  2. Appendix 3. Plant species that are considered moderately to highly invasive to natural areas in the central Finger Lakes region. Policy on the use of non-native plants in Cornell Plantations' accessioned collections (2009)
  3. a b Category 4 Plants - local concern and monitoring - Eastern Region invasive plants, ranked by degree of invasiveness as based on information from States (1998) US Forest Service

Subfamily Adoxoideae[edit]

Tribe Sambuceae[edit]

Adoxaceae – subfam. Adoxoideae – tribe Sambuceae – genus Sambucus
Sambucus Elderberry N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
var. racemosa

1753. Sambucus racemosa  L.
1803. Sambucus pubens  Michx.
1892. Sambucus callicarpa  Greene
1901. Sambucus microbotrys  Rydb.
1913. S. racemosa ssp. pubens House
Red elderberry,
Scarlet elder,
Red-berried elder,
Bunchberry elder

Sureau rouge
Native,
Secure
Sambucus racemosa 9143.JPG
Sambucus racemosa var racemosa NY-dist-map.png
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 L.
ssp. canadensis R.Bolli

1753. Sambucus canadensis  L.
1884. S. canadensis var. laciniata A.Gray
1911. Sambucus simpsonii  Rehder
1994. S. nigra ssp. canadensis R.Bolli
2003. S. nigra var. canadensis B.L.Turner
American black elderberry,
Common elderberry
Native,
Secure
Elder Berries - geograph.org.uk - 232044.jpg
Sambucus nigra ssp canadensis NY-dist-map.png
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 L.
ssp. nigra

1753. Sambucus nigra  L.
1753. Sambucus nigra var. laciniata L.
1769. Sambucus laciniata  Mill.
European black elderberry Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Impersistent,
No specimens
Redburn Country Park, Holywood, July 2013 (04).JPG
Sambucus ebulus nymap.svg
NYFA-0
NRCS-XX
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 L.

1753. Sambucus ebulus  L.
Dwarf elderberry,
Dwarf elder,
Danewort

Sureau yèble
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa,
Impersistent,
No specimens
Sambucus ebulus 1.jpg
Sambucus ebulus nymap.svg
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX
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Tribe Adoxeae[edit]

The sole member of the Adoxa genus is Adoxa moschatellina, which is considered endangered in New York.

Adoxaceae – subfam. Adoxoideae – genus Adoxa
Adoxa Muskroot N.Y. Status Images Distribution
Musk-root Native,
Endangered
Muskusinis uksminas.jpg
Adoxa moschatellina nymap.svg
NYFA-1
NRCS-NN
DEC




Images

Family Caprifoliaceae[edit]

Subfamily Diervilloideae[edit]

The Diervilloideae is also commonly treated as Diervillaceae Pyck (1998) (bush honeysuckle family). It should be noted that most of the non-native Caprifoliaceae species in New York also take the form of a bushes or shrubs commonly called bush honesuckle and are considered to be highly invasive.

Caprifoliaceae – subfam. Diervilloideae
Diervilla Bush-honeysuckle N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 Mill.

1753. Lonicera diervilla  L.
1768. Diervilla lonicera  Mill.
1803. Diervilla tournefortii  Michx.
1892. Diervilla diervilla  MacMill. nom. inval.
1940. Diervilla lonicera var. hypomalaca Fernald
Northern bush-honeysuckle,
Bush-honeysuckle

Dièreville chèvrefeuille,
Herbe bleue
Native,
Secure
Northern bush honeysuckle.jpg
Diervilla lonicera NY-dist-map.png
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WeigelaThunberg (1780) Weigela N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (Sieb. & Zucc.) Koch
Crimson weigela Introduced,
E. Asia native
Weigela floribunda.JPG
Weigela floribunda NY-dist-map.png
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Subfamily Caprifolioideae[edit]

The Caprifolioideae (honeysuckle family)...

Tribe Triosteeae[edit]

Caprifoliaceae – subfam. Caprifolioideae – tribe Triosteeae – genus Triosteum
Triosteum Horse-gentian N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
 E.P.Bicknell
Orangefruit horse-gentian,
Coffee tinker's-weed
Native,
Secure
Triosteum aurantiacum.jpg
Triosteum aurantiacum nymap.svg
NYFA-5
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 L. (1753)
Perfoliate-leaved horse-gentian,
Perfoliate tinker's-weed,
Feverwort
Native,
Likely secure
Triosteum perfoliatum.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngTriosteum perfoliatum, Fever root (3527704463).jpg
Triosteum perfoliatum nymap.svg
NYFA-4
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 L.
Lesser horse-gentian,
Yellowfruit horse-gentian,
Yellow-leaved tinker's-weed,
Narrow-leaved horse gentian
Native,
Likely extirpated
Triosteum angustifolium BB-1913.png
Triosteum angustifolium nymap.svg
NYFA-Z
NRCS-NN

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Tribe Caprifolieae[edit]

Genus Lonicera[edit]

Members of the Lonicera genus are mostly known as "honeysuckle."

Lonicera subg. Caprifolium[edit]
Caprifoliaceae – subfam. Caprifolioideae – tribe Caprifolieae – genus Lonicera – subg. Caprifolium
Lonicera subg. Caprifolium Honeysuckle N.Y. Status Images Distribution 20
 L.
var. dioica

1767. Lonicera dioica  L.
Limber honeysuckle,
Glaucous honeysuckle,
Mountain honeysuckle,
Smooth honeysuckle,
Wild honeysuckle

Dhèvrefeuille dioïque
Native,
Secure
Lonicera dioica UGA-5473501.jpg
Lonicera dioica var dioica nymap.svg
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 L.
var. douglasii (Lindl.) Farw.

1830. Caprifolium douglasii  Lindl.
1830. Lonicera douglasii  (Lindl.) DC.
1896. L. hirsuta var. glaucescens Rydb.
1897. Lonicera glaucescens  Rydb.
1912. L. dioica var. glaucescens Butters
1929. L. dioica var. douglasii (Lindl.) Farw.
1982. L. dioica ssp. glaucescens Á.&D.Löve
Red honeysuckle,
Douglas honeysuckle,
Limber honeysuckle,
Wild honeysuckle[1]

Chèvrefeuille glauque
Native,
Vulnerable
Lonicera dioica UGA-5496930.jpg
Lonicera dioica var douglasii nymap.svg
NYFA-3
NRCS-N
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Note [2]
Images
 Eaton
Hairy honeysuckle Native,
Likely secure
Lonicera hirsuta UGA-5497320.jpg
Lonicera hirsuta nymap.svg
NYFA-4
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 L.

1753. Lonicera sempervirens  L.
1768. Periclymenum sempervirens  L.
1789. L. sempervirens var. minor Aiton
1802. Caprifolium sempervirens  Moench
1895. Phenianthus sempervirens  Raf.
1903. L. sempervirens var. hirsutula Rehder
Trumpet honeysuckle,
Coral honeysuckle

Chèvrefeuille toujours vert
Native,
Likely secure
Lonicera sempervirens.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
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 L. (1753)
Italian woodbine,
Italian honeysuckle,
Perfoliate honeysuckle,
Clématite des jardins
Introduced,
Europe native
Lonicera-caprifolium.JPG
Lonicera caprifolium nymap.svg
NYFA-X
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  1. Robert W. Freckmann Herbarium, University of Wisconsin-Stevens Point.
  2. Many references treat all varieties of Lonicera dioica as a single taxon, but the 2003 USDA Forest Service Conservation Assessment for Red Honeysuckle (Lonicera dioica L. var. glaucescens) (Rydb.) Butters states that "If it is to be accepted as a variety, its correct name should be Lonicera dioica var. douglasii (Lindl.) Farw., otherwise it could be considered a minor variation within Lonicera dioica L."
Lonicera subg. Lonicera[edit]
Lonicera sect. Isika & Nintooa[edit]

Because sect. Nintooa appears to be embedded within sect. Isika, these two sections placed in the following table together.[1]

Caprifoliaceae – tribe Caprifolieae – genus Lonicera – subg. Lonicera
Lonicera sect. Nintooa Honeysuckle N.Y. Status Images Distribution 20
 Thunb.
Japanese honeysuckle Introduced from
 East Asia,
Very highly invasive,
NYIS: 84% [2],
CP3[3] NE1[4]
Dipsacales - Lonicera japonica 1.jpg
Lonicera japonica nymap.svg
NYIS: V 84
VT




Images
Lonicera sect. Isika Honeysuckle N.Y. Status Images Distribution 20
Lindl. & Paxton
 (=) Xylosteon fragrantissimum  
Fragrant honeysuckle,
January jasmine,
Sweet-breath-of-spring
Introduced,
Invasive,
China native
Lonicera fragrantissima0.jpg
Lonicera fragrantissima nymap.svg
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 Jacques
Standish's honeysuckle Introduced,
Impersistent
Lonicera fragrantissima subsp. standishii 1.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngLonicera fragrantissima subsp. standishii 2.jpg
Lonicera standishii nymap.svg
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  1. Nina Theis, et. al. (2008). "Phylogenetics of the Caprifolieae and Lonicera (Dipsacales) Based on Nuclear and Chloroplast DNA Sequences." Systematic Botany 33(4): pp. 776–783.
  2. New York non-native plant invasiveness assessmentLonicera spp.: Very highly invasive . M.J.Jordan, G.Moore & T.W.Weldy (2008). Invasiveness ranking system for non-native plants of New York. Unpublished. The Nature Conservancy, Albany & Cold Spring Harbor, NY; Brooklyn Botanic Garden, Brooklyn, NY.
  3. Appendix 3. Plant species that are considered moderately to highly invasive to natural areas in the central Finger Lakes region. Policy on the use of non-native plants in Cornell Plantations' accessioned collections (2009)
  4. Category 1 Plants - highly invasive - Eastern Region invasive plants, ranked by degree of invasiveness as based on information from States (1998) US Forest Service
Lonicera sect. Coeloxylosteum[edit]

The Lonicera section Coeloxylosteum in New York contains native and naturalized "fly honeysuckles" including the very-highly invasve "exotic bush honeysuckles."

Caprifoliaceae – subfam. Caprifolioideae – tribe Caprifolieae – genus Lonicera – subg. Lonicera
Lonicera sect. Coeloxylosteum Honeysuckle N.Y. Status Images Distribution 20
Bartram & W.Bartram ex Marshall

1777. Lonicera canadensis  Bartram
1785. Lonicera canadensis  Marshall
1813. Xylosteon ciliatum  Pursh
American fly-honeysuckle,
Canada fly honeysuckle[1],
Fly Honeysuckle[2]

Chèvrefeuille du Canada
Native,
Secure
Fly honeysuckle (Whitefish I) 1.JPG
Lonicera canadensis nymap.svg
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 (Goldie) Hook.

1822. Xylosteon oblongifolium  Goldie[3]
1833. Lonicera oblongifolia  Hook.
1911. L. oblongifolia var. altissima Rehder
Swamp fly-honeysuckle

Chèvrefeuille
 à feuilles oblongues
Native,
Likely secure
Lonicera oblongifolia BB-1913.png
Lonicera oblongifolia nymap.svg
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(Michx.) Roem. & Schult.

1803. Xylosteon villosum  Michx.
1819. Lonicera villosa  Roem. & Schult.
1841. L. caerulea var. villosa[4]
1982. L. caerulea ssp. villosa
Mountain fly-honeysuckle,
Northern fly-honeysuckle,
Velvet honeysuckle,
Blue fly honeysuckle

Chèvrefeuille velu
Native,
Vulnerable
Lonicera caerulea flowers.JPG
Lonicera villosa nymap.svg
NYFA-3?
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 Raf.

1838. Lonicera reticulata  Raf.
1864. Caprifolium proliferum  G.Kirchn.
1884. Lonicera sullivantii  A.Gray
1910. L. prolifera  J.R.Booth ex Rehder
1952. L. prolifera var. glabra Gleason
Grape honeysuckle

Chèvrefeuille réticulé
Introduced,
N. America native
Lonicera prolifera.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngLonicera reticulata BB-1913.png
Lonicera reticulata nymap.svg
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 L.

1753. Lonicera tatarica  L.
1800. Lonicera sibirica  Georgi, nom. nud.
1803. Xylosteon tataricum  Michx.
1891. Caprifolium tataricum  Kuntze
Tatarian honeysuckle,
Tartarian honeysuckle

Clématite de Tartarie
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Very highly invasive,
NYIS: 86% [5],
CP2[6] NE1[7],
IPA VT
Lonicera tatarica (flowers).jpg
Lonicera tatarica nymap.svg
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 A.Gray

1857. Lonicera morrowii  A.Gray
1917. Lonicera insularis  Nakai
1968. Xylosteon morrowii  Moldenke
2011. L. tatarica var. morrowii Q.E.Yang…
Morrow's honeysuckle,
Asian fly honeysuckle

Chèvrefeuille de Morrow
Introduced from
 Asia,
Very highly invasive,
NYIS: 86% [5],
CP2[6] NE1[7],
IPAVT
Lonicera morrowii 5.JPG
Lonicera morrowii nymap.svg
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 Zabel
[ L. morrowii × L. tatarica ]

1889. Lonicera × bella  Zabel
Bell's honeysuckle,
Showy fly honeysuckle,
Bella honeysuckle,
Whitebell honeysuckle

Chèvrefeuille de Bell,
Chèvrefeuille joli
Introduced,
Very highly invasive,
NYIS: 86% [5],
CP2[6] NE1[7],
IPA VT
Lonicera × bella UGA-5453370.jpg
Lonicera × bella nymap.svg
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 (Rupr.) Maxim.

1857. Xylosteon maackii  Rupr.
1859. Lonicera maackii  (Rupr.) Maxim.
1864. Lonicera maackii  (Rupr.) Herder
1891. Caprifolium maackii  (Rupr.) Kuntze
Amur honeysuckle,
Bush honeysuckle,
Late honeysuckle,
Maack's honeysuckle

Chèvrefeuille de Maack,
Clématite de Maack
Introduced from
 Asia,
Very highly invasive,
NYIS: 84% [5],
CP2[6], NE1[7],
IPAVT
Lonicera maackii 658.JPG
Lonicera maackii nymap.svg

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 L.

1753. Lonicera xylosteum  L.
1889. Lonicera segreziensis
   Lavallée ex Dippel
European fly honeysuckle,
Fly honeysuckle,
Dwarf honeysuckle

Chèvrefeuille à balais,
Camérisier à balais,
Clématite des haies
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Invasive,
NYIS: Unknown [5]
Lonicera xylosteum W.jpg
Lonicera xylosteum nymap.svg

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 Tausch.
[ L. tatarica × L. xylosteum ]

1838. Lonicera × xylosteoides  Tausch
Hybrid Tatarian &
 European fly honeysuckle
Introduced,
Potentially invasive
Lonicera × xylosteoides nymap.svg
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 Regel

1869. Lonicera ruprechtiana  Regel
1891. Caprifolium ruprechtianum  Kuntze
1893. Lonicera × muscaviensis  Rehder
Manchurian honeysuckle,
Ruprecht's honeysuckle
Introduced from
 temperate Asia,
Potentially invasive
Lonicera ruprechtiana nymap.svg
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 Zabel
[ L. ruprechtiana × L. tatarica ]

1889. Lonicera × notha   Zabel
Hybrid Manchurian &
  Tatarian honeysuckle
Introduced,
Potentially invasive
Lonicera × notha nymap.svg
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  1. Northern Ontario Plant Database
  2. Connecticut Botanical Society
  3. Caprifoliaceae Xylosteon oblongifolium Goldie: International Plant Names Index (2005)
  4. GRIN treats Lonicera villosa as a synonym of L. caerulea var. villosa
  5. a b c d e New York non-native plant invasiveness assessmentLonicera spp.: Very highly invasive . M.J.Jordan, G.Moore & T.W.Weldy (2008). Invasiveness ranking system for non-native plants of New York. Unpublished. The Nature Conservancy, Albany & Cold Spring Harbor, NY; Brooklyn Botanic Garden, Brooklyn, NY.
  6. a b c d Appendix 2. Plant species that are considered highly invasive to natural areas in the central Finger Lakes region. Policy on the use of non-native plants in Cornell Plantations' accessioned collections (2009)
  7. a b c d Category 1 Plants - highly invasive - Eastern Region invasive plants, ranked by degree of invasiveness as based on information from States (1998) US Forest Service
  8. Appendix 4. Plant species that are considered moderately invasive to natural areas in the central Finger Lakes region. Policy on the use of non-native plants in Cornell Plantations' accessioned collections (2009)
  9. Category 4 Plants - local concern and monitoring - Eastern Region invasive plants, ranked by degree of invasiveness as based on information from States (1998) US Forest Service

Genus Symphoricarpos[edit]

Caprifoliaceae – subfam. Caprifolioideae – tribe Caprifolieae – genus Symphoricarpos
Symphoricarpos Snowberry N.Y. Status Images Distribution 4
(L.) S.F.Blake
var. laevigatus
Common snowberry,
Waxberry

Symphorine lisse,
Symphorine blanche lisse
Native,
Secure
Symphoricarpos albus (5062664054).jpg
Symphoricarpos albus var laevigatus nymap.svg
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(L.) S.F.Blake
var. albus
Common snowberry,
Waxberry

Symphorine blanche
Native,
Likely secure
Symphoricarpos albus 004.JPG
Symphoricarpos albus var albus nymap.svg
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Moench (1794)

 (=) Lonicera symphoricarpos L. 
 (=) Symphoricarpos vulgaris Michx. 
 (=) Symphoricarpos symphoricarpos 
Buck brush,
Coralberry,
Indian-coralberry,
Indian-currant

Symphorine à baies-de-corail
Introduced,
N. America native
Symphoricarpos orbiculatus HRM2.JPG
Symphoricarpos orbiculatus nymap.svg
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Hook. (1833)
Wolfberry,
Western snowberry,
Northern snowberry
Introduced,
N. America native
Symphoricarpos occidentalis NPS-1.jpg
Symphoricarpos occidentalis nymap.svg
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Subfamily Linnaeoideae[edit]

The Linnaeoideae (twinflower subfamily)...

Caprifoliaceae – subfam. Linnaeoideae
LinnaeaL. Twinflower N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.
ssp. americana

 (=) Linnaea americana Forbes 
Twinflower Native,
Likely secure
Linnaea borealis ssp americana 1.JPG
Linnaea borealis ssp americana nymap.svg
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Kolkwitzia Beautybush N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 Graebn. (1901)
Beautybush,
Cold-whiskey-plant,
Buisson de beauté
Introduced
Kolkwitzia amabilis4.jpg
Kolkwitzia amabilis nymap.svg
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Subfamily Dipsacoideae[edit]

The Dipsacoideae (teasel subfamily) is native to a region centered on the Mediterranean and has no members that are native to the western hemisphere.[1]

Tribe Succiseae[edit]

Caprifoliaceae – subfam. Dipsacoideae – tribe Succiseae – genus Succisella
SuccisellaBeck Succisella N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (Kluk) Beck

1803. Scabiosa australis  Wulfen
1809. Scabiosa inflexa  Kluk
1830. Succisa australis  Rchb.
1893. Succisella inflexa  Beck
Southern succisella,
Frosted pearls

Succiselle infléchie
Introduced
ÖBG 2010-09-23 Succisella inflexa 1.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngÖBG 2010-09-23 Succisella inflexa 2.jpg
Succisella inflexa nymap.svg
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Tribe Dipsaceae[edit]

Teasels (genus Dipsacus) are common weeds in New York, introduced from Eurasia. The most common are the "wild fuller's teasels" (D. fullonum). The least common are the "cultivated fuller's teasels" (D. sativus) which have been used as natural combs in the textile industry since the Middle Ages.[1] Cut-leaf teasels have turned out to be the most invasive. They seem to be increasing in population and are on the DEC's proposed list of Prohibited Invasive Species.[2][3]

Caprifoliaceae – subfam. Dipsacoideae – tribe Dipsaceae – genus Dipsacus
DipsacusL. Teasel N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
 L.

1753. Dipsacus laciniatus  L.
Cutleaf teasel,
Cut-leaf teasel,
Cut-leaved teasel,
Laciniate teasel

Cardère découpée,
Cardère laciniée
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Highly invasive,
NYIS: 76%[4],
Prohibited[2]
Dipsacus laciniatus inflorescence.jpg
Dipsacus laciniatus nymap.svg

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 L.

1753. Dipsacus fullonum  L.
1762. Dipsacus sylvestris  Huds.
1778. D. fullonum var. sylvestris Schmalh.
1962. D. fullonum ssp. sylvestris A.R.Clapham.
Common teasel,
Wild fuller's teasel,
Wild teazle

Cardaire sauvage
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa,
Widespread weed
Cardons comuns1.JPG
Dipsacus fullonum nymap.svg
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 (L.) Honckn.

1762. Dipsacus fullonum  Huds.
1763. Dipsacus fullonum var. sativus L.
1767. Dipsacus sativus  (L.) Garsault
1782. Dipsacus sativus  (L.) Honckn.
1912. Dipsacus fullonum ssp. sativus Thell.
Cultivated teasel,
Cultivated fuller's teasel,
Indian teasel
Introduced from
 Mediterrean,
Impersistent
Dipsacus sativus-20.jpg
Dipsacus sativus nymap.svg
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Tribe Knautieae[edit]

Caprifoliaceae – subfam. Dipsacoideae – tribe Knautieae – genus Knautia
Knautia Scabious N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (L.) Coult.

1753. Scabiosa arvensis  L.
1823. Knautia arvensis  Coult.
Field scabiosa,
Field-scabious,
Bluebuttons,
Blue-buttons

Knautie des champs,
Scabieuse des champs
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Potentially invasive,
IPA
Knautia arvensis (L.) (7477548294).jpg
Knautia arvensis nymap.svg
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Tribe Scabioseae[edit]

Caprifoliaceae – subfam. Dipsacoideae – tribe Scabioseae – genus Scabiosa
Scabiosa Pincushions N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.

1753. Scabiosa columbaria  L.
Dove pincushions,
Pincushion flower,
Yellow scabious

Oeil de perdrix,
Colombaire
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa
20130528Tauben-Skabiose Reilingen3.jpg
Scabiosa columbaria nymap.svg
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Subfamily Valerianoideae[edit]

The Valerianoideae is often included in the Valerianaceae (valerian family)...

Caprifoliaceae – subfam. Valerianoideae
Valeriana Valerian N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 (Torr. & A.Gray) Rydb.

1842. V. sylvatica var. uliginosa Torr. & A.Gray
1918. Valeriana uliginosa  Rydb.
1901. Valeriana dubiosa  Gand.
1951. V. sitchensis ssp. uliginosa F.G.Mey.
1952. V. septentrionalis var. uliginosa Gleason
1966. V. sitchensis var. uliginosa B.Boivin
Marsh valerian,
Swamp valerian,
Mountain valerian

Valériane des tourbières,
Valériane uligineuse
Native,
Endangered
Valeriana uliginosa.png
Valeriana uliginosa nymap.svg
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 L.

1753. Valeriana officinalis  L.
1932. Valeriana stubendorfii  Kreyer ex Kom.
1933. Valeriana dageletiana  Nakai ex F.Maek.
Garden heliotrope,
Common valerian,
European valerian,
Garden valerian

Valériane officinale,
Valériane cultivée
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Invasive,
NYIS: 62%,
Prohibited in CT
20130702Baldrian St Arnual2.jpg
Valeriana officinalis nymap.svg
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Valerianella Cornsalad N.Y. Status Images Distribution 4
 (L.) Dufr.

1753. Valeriana locusta var. radiata L.
1811. Valerianella radiata  Dufr.
1938. V. stenocarpa var. parviflora Dyal
1843. Valerianella woodsiana  Walp.
Beaked corn-salad Native,
Threatened
Valerianella radiata.png
Valerianella radiata nymap.svg
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 (Pursh) DC.

1814. Fedia chenopodiifolia  Pursh
1830. Valerianella chenopodiifolia  DC.
Goose-foot corn-salad,
Goosefoot valerian

Valérianelle à feuilles
 de chénopode
Native,
Endangered
Valerianella chenopodiifolia.png
Valerianella chenopodiifolia nymap.svg
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 (Sull.) Alph.Wood

1842. Fedia umbilicata  Sull.
1848. Fedia patellaria  Sull.
1861. Valerianella umbilicata  Alph.Wood
1861. Valerianella patellaria  Alph.Wood
1872. V. radiata var. umbilicata Porter
1884. V. woodsiana var. umbilicata A.Gray
1938. Valerianella intermedia  Dyal
1952. V. radiata var. intermedia Gleason
Corn salad,
Kankakee corn-salad,
Navel-shape corn-salad,
Navel corn-salad,
Northern corn salad
Native,
Endangered,
No recent reports
Valerianella umbilicata BB-1913.png
Valerianella umbilicata nymap.svg
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European cornsalad,
Common cornsalad,
Lamb's-lettuce,
Valérianelle
Introduced
Valerianella locusta.jpeg
Valerianella locusta nymap.svg
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