Flora of New York/Caryophyllales 1

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Santalales, Polygonales, Nepenthales
Flora of New York: Caryophyllales 1: Caryophyllaceae
Caryophyllales 2:
Chenopodiaceae
Table of
contents
Genus
index
Protected species index Invasive species index


The order Caryophyllales ...

Family Caryophyllaceae[edit]

The Caryophyllaceae (pink, carnation family)... [f 1]

Subfamily Illecebroideae[edit]

Tribe Paronychieae[edit]

Caryophyllaceae – subfam. Illecebroideae – tribe Paronychieae
Paronychia Nailwort N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
(L.) Wood (1861)
Forked-chickweed,
Forked nail-wort,
Smooth-forked nailwort
Native,
Secure
Paronychia canadensis BB-1913-1.pngImg spacer 2x87.pngParonychia canadensis BB-1913-2.png
Paronychia canadensis nymap.svg
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN


FNA 

Images
(Raf.) Fernald (1936)
var. fastigiata

 (=) Anychia polygonoides Raf. 
 (=) P. fastigiata var. typica Fernald 
 (=) P. fastigiata var. paleacea Fernald 
Cluster-stemmed nail-wort,
Forked-chickweed,
Hairy forked nailwort
Native,
Likely secure
Paronychia fastigiata var fastigiata BB-1913.png
Paronychia fastigiata var fastigiata nymap.svg
NYFA-4
NRCS-NN

ITIS
FNA 

Images
Herniaria Rupture-wort N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 L. (1753)
Smooth rupturewort,
Green-carpet
Introduced,
Impersistent
Herniaria glabra1.JPG
Herniaria glabra nymap.svg
NYFA-Xm
NRCS-XW


FNA 

Images
 L.
ssp. cinerea

 (=) Herniaria cinerea DC. (1815) 
 (=) Herniaria hirsuta var. cinerea 
Hairy rupturewort Introduced,
Impersistent
Herniaria hirsuta cineria BLM-1.jpg
Herniaria hirsuta ssp cinerea nymap.svg
NYFA-Xm
NRCS-X0


FNA 

Images

Tribe Sperguleae[edit]

Caryophyllaceae – subfam. Illecebroideae – tribe Sperguleae
Spergularia Sandspurry N.Y. Status Images Distribution 4
(Pers.) G.Don (1831)
var. canadensis

 (=) Tissa canadensis (Pers.) Britton 
 (=) Arenaria canadensis Pers. (1805) 
Canada sand-spurry,
Spergulaire du Canada
Native,
Likely extirpated
Spergularia canadensis var canadensis (as Tissa canadensis) BB-1913.png
Spergularia canadensis var canadensis nymap.svg
NYFA-Z
NRCS-NN

ITIS
FNA 

Images
(L.) C. Presl ex Griseb. (1826)
var. media
 (=) S. maritima (All.) Chiov. (1912)  
 (=) S. marginata (DC.) Kitt. (1844) 
 (=) Arenaria media L. (1762) 
Greater sea-spurrey,
Media sandspurry,
Middle-sized sandspurry,
Spergulaire moyenne
Introduced
Spergularia maritima 166988.jpg
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX

ARS ITIS
FNA 

Images
(L.) J.Presl & C.Presl (1819)
Purple sand-spurry,
Red sand-spurrey,
Spergulaire rouge
Introduced
Spergularia rubra Flower Closeup Mestanza.jpg
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX

ITIS
FNA 

Images
J.Presl & C.Presl (1819)
 (=) S. marina  
 (=) S. tenuis 
 (=) Tissa marina 
Lesser sea-spurrey,
Salt sandspurry,
Salt-marsh sand-spurrey
Introduced
Starr 020116-0061 Spergularia marina.jpg
NYFA-X




Images
Spergula Spurry N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 L. (1753)
Cornspurry,
Corn spurrey,
Starwort,
Stickwort
Introduced
Spergula arvensis Enfoque 2009-3-19 DehesaBoyaldePuertollano.jpg
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX




Images
 Boreau (1847)
Morison's spurry,
Pearlwort spurrey
Introduced,
Europe native
Spergula morisonii.jpeg
NYFA-X
NRCS-X0

ARS 
FNA 

Images

Subfamily Caryophylloideae[edit]

Tribe Sileneae[edit]

Genus Silene[edit]
Caryophyllaceae – subfam. Caryophylloideae – tribe Sileneae – genus Silene
Silene Catchfly N.Y. Status Images Distribution 15
 L.

1753. Silene antirrhina  L.
1845. S. a. var. laevigata Engelm. & A.Gray
1845. S. a. var. subglaber Engelm. & A.Gray
1893. S. a. var. divaricata B.L.Rob.
1904. S. a. var. depauperata Rydb.
1904. S. a. var. vaccarifolia Rydb.
1915. S. a. var. confinis Fernald
Sleepy catchfly,
Sleepy campion,
Sleepy silene

Silène muflier
Native,
Secure
Silene antirrhina cv2.jpg
Silene antirrhina nymap.svg
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.

Images
 (L.) W.T.Aiton

1753. Cucubalus stellatus  L.
1811. Silene stellata  (L.) W.T.Aiton
1840. Evactoma stellata  Raf.
1913. Evactoma stellata var. scabrella
1938. Silene stellata var. scabrella
1942. Silene scabrella  (Nieuwl.) G.N.Jones
Starry campion,
Starry catchfly,
Widow's frill,
Widowsfrill

Silène étoilé
Native,
Secure
Silene stellata flowers.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngSilene stellata habit.jpg
Silene stellata nymap.svg
NYFA-5
NRCS-X0
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.

Images
 Walter
ssp. pensylvanica (Michx.) R.T.Clausen

1803. Silene pensylvanica  Michx.
1939. S. c. ssp. pensylvanica R.T.Clausen
1940. S. c. var. pensylvanica Fernald
Pennsylvania catchfly,
Pennsylvania wild pink
Native,
Threatened
Silene caroliniana FWS-2.jpg
Silene caroliniana nymap.svg
NYFA-2
NRCS-N0
NEW 
ITIS
FNA Trop.

Images
 L.

1753. Silene virginica  L.
1788. Silene catesbaei  Walter
1802. Silene coccinea  Moench
1843. Melandrium virginicum  A.Braun
Fire pink Introduced,
N. America native,
Impersistent,
Garden escape
Fire flower.jpg
NYFA-Xm
NRCS-NN
NEW 
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.

Images
 Sims

(=) Silene regia  Sims
Royal catchfly Introduced,
N. America native,
No reports

Perennial,
Forb-herb
Nymap.svg
NYFA-0
NRCS-N0



NSE BNA 

Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Silene armeria  L.
1840. Atocion armeria  (L.) Raf.
Sweet William catchfly,
Sweet William campion,
Thrift catchfly,
Silène arméria
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Garden escape
Silene armeria02.jpg
Silene armeria NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX
NEW 
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.

Images
 Baumg. (1816)
Balkan catchfly,
Biennial campion,
Glaucous campion

Silène bisannuel
Introduced from
 Europe
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX
NEW 

FNA 

Images
 Ehrh. (1792)
ssp. dichotoma
Forked catchfly,
Forked campion,
Forking catchfly,
Branching campion

Silène dichotome,
Silène à deux grappes,
Silène fourchu
Introduced from
 Eurasia
Silene dichotoma (4854285651).jpg
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA 

Images
 (L.) Clairv.

1753. Lychnis dioica  L.
1794. Saponaria dioica  (L.) Moench
1811. Silene dioica  (L.) Clairv.
1845. Melandrium dioicum  Coss. & Germ.
1849. Lychnis rubra  Patze, E.Mey. & Elkan
1858. Melandrium rubrum  Garcke
Red campion,
Red catchfly

Silène dioïque
Introduced from
 Europe,
 n. Africa
CompagnonRouge.jpg
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX
NEW Can
ARS 
FNA Trop.

Images
 Poir. (1798)

 (=) Lychnis alba 
 (=) Silene alba 
 (=) Melandrium album 
Bladder campion,
White campion,
White cockle
Introduced
Silene alba NRM.jpg
NYFA-X
NEW 

FNA 

Images
Night-flowering catchfly Introduced
Night-flowering-Catchfly-leaves (3000046069).gif

NEW 



Images
Eurasian catchfly Introduced
Silene nutans Nickendes Leimkraut.JPG

NEW 



Images
Maiden's tears,
Bladder campion
Introduced
Bladder Campion.jpg

NEW 

FNA 

Images
Campion Introduced

NEW 



Images
 L. (1753)
ssp. conica

 (=) Pleconax conica 
Sand catchfly,
Striate catchfly,
Striped corn catchfly,
Conical catchfly
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Impersistent
Silene2.jpg
NYFA-Xm
NRCS-X
NEW 
ARS 
FNA 

Images
 Pers. (1805)
ssp. nemoralis
Italian catchfly Introduced,
Impersistent
Silene italica 1.JPG
NYFA-Xm
NEW 



Images
Genus Agrostemma[edit]
Caryophyllaceae – subfam. Caryophylloideae – tribe Sileneae – genus Agrostemma
Agrostemma Corncockle N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
Common corncockle Introduced
Agrostemma githago flower 1 AB.jpg
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX




Images
Genus Lychnis[edit]
Caryophyllaceae – subfam. Caryophylloideae – tribe Sileneae – genus Lychnis
Lychnis Campion N.Y. Status Images Distribution 4
 L.

1753. Lychnis flos-cuculi  L.
1811. Silene flos-cuculi  (L.) Clairv.[1]
1843. Coronaria flos-cuculi  (L.) A. Braun
1844. Coccyganthe flos-cuculi  (L.) Rchb.
1982. Silene flos-cuculi  Greuter & Burdet
Ragged-robin,
Meadow campion

Silène fleur-de-coucou,
Lychnide fleur-de-coucou
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Widespread weed
Ragged Robin at Bear Mead - geograph.org.uk - 1187185.jpg
Silene flos-cuculi nymap.svg
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.

Images
 L.

1753. Lychnis chalcedonica  L.
1843. Agrostemma chalcedonica  Döll
1901. Silene chalcedonica  E.H.L.Krause
Maltese-cross campion,
Maltesecross,
Scarlet-lychnis
Introduced
Lychnis chalcedonica 02.JPG
NYFA-X
NRCS-XW
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.

Images

.
.
.
.
Rose campion Introduced
Silene coronaria rmll.jpg





Images

.
.
.
.
Clammy campion Introduced
Viscaria vulgaris a1.jpg





Images
  1. NYFA, USDA-NRCS PLANTS, and GoBotany list Ragged-robin, as Lychnis flos-cuculi, while ITIS, ARS-GRIN, and Flora of North America (FNA) all list it as Silene flos-cuculi. However, FNA lists the author as (L.) Clairv. (1811) instead of (L.) Greuter & Burdet (1982) as the other 2 sources do. VASCAN follows FNA.

Tribe Caryophylleae[edit]

Genus Dianthus[edit]
Caryophyllaceae – subfam. Caryophylloideae – tribe Caryophylleae – genus Dianthus
Dianthus Pink N.Y. Status Images Distribution 5
 L. (1753)
ssp. armeria
Deptford pink Introduced
Dianthus armeria 8939.jpg






Images, wsp
 L. (1753)
ssp. barbatus
Sweet William Introduced
Dianthus barbatus or Sweet William from Lalbagh Flowershow - August 2012 4562.JPG






Images, wsp
 L. (1753)
Clusterhead pink Introduced
Dianthus carthusianorum2.jpg






Images, wsp
 L. (1753)
ssp. deltoides
Maiden pink Introduced
Dianthus deltoides02.JPG






Images, wsp
 L. (1753)
ssp. plumarius
Cottage pink,
Garden pink
Introduced
Hohenheim - Dianthus plumarius 02.jpg






Images, wsp
Genus Gypsophila[edit]
Caryophyllaceae – subfam. Caryophylloideae – tribe Caryophylleae – genus Gypsophila
Gypsophila Babysbreath N.Y. Status Images Distribution 4
Showy baby's-breath,
Annual baby's-breath
Introduced





Images
Low baby's-breath,
Cushion baby's-breath
Introduced





Images
Tall baby's-breath,
Perennial baby's-breath
Introduced





Images
Garden baby's-breath,
Glandular baby's-breath
Introduced





Images
Genus Petrorhagia[edit]
Caryophyllaceae – subfam. Caryophylloideae – tribe Caryophylleae – genus Petrorhagia
Petrorhagia Pink N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
Childing-pink,
Proliferous pink
Introduced





Images
var. saxifraga
Saxifrage pink,
Tunic flower,
Coat flower
Introduced





Images
Genus Saponaria[edit]
Caryophyllaceae – subfam. Caryophylloideae – tribe Caryophylleae – genus Saponaria
Saponaria Soapwort N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 L. (1753)

 (=) Lychnis saponaria Jess. 
 (=) S. officinalis var. glaberrima Ser. 
Bouncing-bet,
Common soapwort,
Sweet Betty,
Saponaire officinale
Introduced,
Eurasia native
20121007Seifenkraut Reilingen4.jpg
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX

ARS ITIS
FNA 

Images
 L. (1753)
Rock soapwort Introduced





Images
Genus Vaccaria[edit]
Caryophyllaceae – subfam. Caryophylloideae – tribe Caryophylleae – genus Vaccaria
Vaccaria Soapwort N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(Mill.) Rauschert (1966)

 (=) Saponaria vaccaria L. (1753) 
 (=) Saponaria hispanica Mill. (1768) 
 (=) Vaccaria vaccaria (L.) Britton 
Cow soapwort,
Cowcockle,
Cowherb,
Saponaire des vaches
Introduced,
Eurasia native
Vaccaria hispanica - Flora Batava, V18.pngImg spacer 2x87.pngVaccaria hispanica BB-1913.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX

ARS ITIS
FNA 

Images

Subfamily Alsinoideae[edit]

Tribe Arenarieae[edit]

Caryophyllaceae – subfam. Alsinoideae – tribe Arenarieae
Moehringia Sandwort N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (L.) Fenzl

 (=) Arenaria lateriflora L. 
Grove sandwort,
Bluntleaf sandwort,
Bluntleaf grove sandwort,
Blunt-leaved sandwort,
Moehringie ou sabline latériflore
Native,
Secure
Moehringia lateriflora 8576.JPG
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN

ITIS
FNA 

Images
Arenaria Sandwort N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.
var. serpyllifolia
Thyme-leaved sandwort Introduced,
Common weed
Arenaria serpyllifolia 4.JPG
NYFA-X




Images

Tribe Alsineae[edit]

Caryophyllaceae – subfam. Alsinoideae – tribe Alsineae
Cerastium Mouse-ear-chickweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution 7
 Raf.
var. nutans

1813. C. longepedunculatum  Muhl.
1814. Cerastium nutans  Raf.
1951. C. nutans var. occidentale B. Boivin
.
Nodding chickweed,
Long-stalked chickweed
Native,
Secure
Cerastium nutans var nutans BB-1913.png
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN

ITIS
FNA Trop.

Images
Field mouse-ear chickweed,
Prairie mouse-ear chickweed
Introduced





Images
ssp. vulgare
Big chickweed Introduced





Images
Sticky mouse-ear chickweed Introduced





Images
European chickweed,
Sticky mouse-ear chickweed
Introduced





Images
Five-stamened mouse-ear chickweed Introduced





Images
Snow-in-summer, dusty miller Introduced





Images
Holosteum Holosteum N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.
ssp. umbellatum
Jagged chickweed Introduced
Holosteum umbellatum ssp umbellatum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X




Images
Myosoton Myosoton N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(L.) Moench
 (=) Alsine aquatica  
 (=) Cerastium aquaticum 
 (=) Malachium aquaticum 
 (=) Stellaria aquatica 
Giant chickweed,
Water chickweed,
Céraiste aquatique,
Malaquie aquatique,
Stellaire aquatique
Introduced
Myosoton aquaticum0.jpg
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX

ARS ITIS


Images
Stellaria Starwort N.Y. Status Images Distribution 10
ssp. media
Common chickweed Introduced
Kaldari Stellaria media 01.jpg
NYFA-X




Images
ssp. neglecta
Common chickweed Introduced
Stellaria media 04.JPG
NYFA-X




Images

Tribe Sagineae[edit]

Caryophyllaceae – subfam. Alsinoideae – tribe Sagineae
Sagina Pearlwort N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
      Torr. & A.Gray (1838)
ssp. decumbens

 (=) Spergella decumbens 
Small-flowered pearlwort,
Trailing pearlwort
Native,
Endangered
Sagina decumbens BB-1913.png
NYFA-1
NRCS-NX

ITIS
FNA 

Images
 (Sw.) Ohwi (1937)

 (=) Spergula japonica 
Japanese pearlwort,
Sagine du Japon
Introduced
Sagina japonica.JPG
Sagina japonica NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX


FNA 

Images
 L. (1753)

 (=) Alsine procumbens 
 (=) S. procumbens var. compacta 
Birdeye pearlwort,
Matted pearlwort,
Procumbent pearlwort,
Sagine couchée
Introduced
Moos 5770.jpg
NYFA-X




Images

Tribe Sclerantheae[edit]

Caryophyllaceae – subfam. Alsinoideae – tribe Sclerantheae
Honckenya Honckenya N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (L.) Ehrh. (1783)
ssp. robusta (Fernald) Hultén (1944)

 (=) Ammodenia peploides var. robusta 
Sea chickweed,
Sea sandwort,
Seabeach sandwort,
Seaside sandplant
Native,
Likely secure
Honckenya peploides Simo, Finland 21.06.2013.jpg
NYFA-4
NRCS-NN

ARS ITIS
FNA 

Images
Minuartia Stitchwort N.Y. Status Images Distribution 4
 (Walter) Mattf.

 (=) Arenaria caroliniana Walter 
 (=) Alsinopsis caroliniana (Walter) Small 
 (=) Minuopsis caroliniana (Walter) W.A.Weber 
 (=) Sabulina caroliniana (Walter) Small 
Pinebarren stitchwort,
Pine barren stitchwort,
Pine barren sandwort
Native,
Rare
NYFA-3
NRCS-N0

ITIS
FNA 

Images
 (Michx.) Mattf. (1921)

 (=) Arenaria glabra 
 (=) Minuartia groenlandica ssp. glabra 
 (=) Porsildia groenlandica ssp. glabra 
 (=) Sabulina glabra 
Appalachian stitchwort,
Appalachian sandwort
Native,
Rare
NYFA-3
NRCS-N0

ITIS
FNA 

Images
 (Retz.) Ostenf. (1920)

 (=) Arenaria groenlandica 
 (=) Porsildia groenlandica 
 (=) Sabulina groenlandica 
 (=) Stellaria labradorica 
Greenland stitchwort,
Mountain sandwort,
Minuartie du Groenland
Native,
Rare
M groenlandica.JPG
NYFA-3
NRCS-NN

ITIS
FNA 

Images
 (Fenzl) Farw.
var. michauxii
Michaux's stitchwort,
Minuartie de Michaux
Native,
Likely secure
NYFA-4
NRCS-NN

ITIS


Images
Scleranthus German-knotgrass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L. (1753)
ssp. annuus
Annual knawel,
German knotweed,
German knotgrass,
Scléranthe annuel
Introduced,
Europe, w Asia, n Africa
Scleranthus annuus bords-moselle-tonnoy 54 11052002 2.JPG
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX

ARS ITIS
FNA 

Images

References[edit]

  1. Caryophyllaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.

Santalales, Polygonales, Nepenthales
Flora of New York: Caryophyllales 1: Caryophyllaceae
Caryophyllales 2:
Chenopodiaceae
Table of
contents
Genus
index
Protected species index Invasive species index