Flora of New York/Caryophyllales 1

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Santalales, Polygonales, Nepenthales
Flora of New York: Caryophyllales 1: Caryophyllaceae
Caryophyllales 2:
Chenopodiaceae
Table of
contents
Genus
index
Protected species index Invasive species index


The order Caryophyllales ...

Family Caryophyllaceae[edit]

The Caryophyllaceae (pink, carnation family)... [f 1]

Subfamily Illecebroideae[edit]

Tribe Paronychieae[edit]

Caryophyllaceaesubfam. Illecebroideaetribe Paronychieae
Paronychia Nailwort N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
(L.) Wood (1861)
Forked-chickweed,
Forked nail-wort,
Smooth-forked nailwort
Native,
Secure
Paronychia canadensis BB-1913-1.pngImg spacer 2x87.pngParonychia canadensis BB-1913-2.png
Paronychia canadensis nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN


FNA 


Images, wsp
(Raf.) Fernald (1936)
var. fastigiata

Anychia polygonoides Raf.
P. fastigiata var. typica Fernald
P. fastigiata var. paleacea Fernald
Cluster-stemmed nail-wort,
Forked-chickweed,
Hairy forked nailwort
Native,
Likely secure
Paronychia fastigiata var fastigiata BB-1913.png
Paronychia fastigiata var fastigiata nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN

ITIS
FNA 


Images, wsp
Herniaria Rupture-wort N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 L. (1753)
Smooth rupturewort,
Green-carpet
Introduced,
Impersistent
Herniaria glabra1.JPG
Herniaria glabra nymap.svg
NYFA-Xm
USDA-XW


FNA 


Images, wsp
 L.
ssp. cinerea

Herniaria cinerea DC. (1815)
Herniaria hirsuta var. cinerea
Hairy rupturewort Introduced,
Impersistent
Herniaria hirsuta cineria BLM-1.jpg
Herniaria hirsuta ssp cinerea nymap.svg
NYFA-Xm
USDA-X0


FNA 


Images, wsp

Tribe Sperguleae[edit]

Caryophyllaceaesubfam. Illecebroideaetribe Sperguleae
Spergularia Sandspurry N.Y. Status Images Distribution 4
(Pers.) G.Don (1831)
var. canadensis

Tissa canadensis (Pers.) Britton
Arenaria canadensis Pers. (1805)
Canada sand-spurry,
Spergulaire du Canada
Native,
Likely extirpated
Spergularia canadensis var canadensis (as Tissa canadensis) BB-1913.png
Spergularia canadensis var canadensis nymap.svg
NYFA-Z
USDA-NN

ITIS
FNA 


Images, wsp
(L.) C. Presl ex Griseb. (1826)
var. media

S. maritima (All.) Chiov. (1912)
S. marginata (DC.) Kitt. (1844)
Arenaria media L. (1762)
Greater sea-spurrey,
Media sandspurry,
Middle-sized sandspurry

Spergulaire moyenne
Introduced
Spergularia maritima 166988.jpg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS ITIS
FNA 


Images, wsp
(L.) J.Presl & C.Presl (1819)
Purple sand-spurry,
Red sand-spurrey

Spergulaire rouge
Introduced
Spergularia rubra Flower Closeup Mestanza.jpg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ITIS
FNA 


Images, wsp
J.Presl & C.Presl (1819)

(=) Spergularia marina
(=) Spergularia tenuis
(=) Tissa marina
Lesser sea-spurrey,
Salt sandspurry,
Salt-marsh sand-spurrey
Introduced
Starr 020116-0061 Spergularia marina.jpg
NYFA-X





Images, wsp
Spergula Spurry N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 L. (1753)
Cornspurry,
Corn spurrey,
Starwort,
Stickwort
Introduced
Spergula arvensis Enfoque 2009-3-19 DehesaBoyaldePuertollano.jpg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
 Boreau (1847)
Morison's spurry,
Pearlwort spurrey
Introduced,
Europe native
Spergula morisonii.jpeg
NYFA-X
USDA-X0

ARS 
FNA 


Images, wsp

Subfamily Caryophylloideae[edit]

Tribe Sileneae[edit]

Genus Silene[edit]
Silene subg. Behen[edit]
Caryophyllaceaesubfam. Caryophylloideaetribe Sileneaegenus Silenesubg. Behen
Silene sect. Physolychnis Catchfly N.Y. Status Images Distribution 15
 (L.) W.T.Aiton

1753. Cucubalus stellatus  L.
1811. Silene stellata  (L.) W.T.Aiton
1840. Evactoma stellata  Raf.
1913. Evactoma stellata var. scabrella
1938. Silene stellata var. scabrella
1942. Silene scabrella  (Nieuwl.) G.N.Jones
Starry campion,
Starry catchfly,
Widow's frill,
Widowsfrill

Silène étoilé
Native,
Secure
Silene stellata flowers.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngSilene stellata habit.jpg
Silene stellata nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-X0
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.


Images, wsp
 Walter
ssp. pensylvanica (Michx.) R.T.Clausen

1803. Silene pensylvanica  Michx.
1939. S. c. ssp. pensylvanica R.T.Clausen
1940. S. c. var. pensylvanica Fernald
Pennsylvania catchfly,
Pennsylvania wild pink
Native,
Threatened
Silene caroliniana FWS-2.jpg
Silene caroliniana nymap.svg
NYFA-2
USDA-N0
NEW 
ITIS
FNA Trop.
NSE BNA 

Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Silene virginica  L.
1788. Silene catesbaei  Walter
1802. Silene coccinea  Moench
1843. Melandrium virginicum  A.Braun
Fire pink Introduced,
N. America native,
Impersistent,
Garden escape
Fire flower.jpg
NYFA-Xm
USDA-NN
NEW 
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.


Images, wsp
 Sims

(=) Silene regia  Sims
Royal catchfly Introduced,
N. America native,
No reports

Perennial,
Forb-herb
Deep red royal catchfly flower with white center silene regia.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngRoyal catchfly plant flower silene regia.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-0
USDA-N0



NSE BNA 

Images, wsp
 Baumg.

1816. Silene csereii  Baumg.
1842. Silene saponariifolia  Schott ex Ledeb.
1877. Behenantha cserei  Schur
1976. Oberna cserei  Ikonn.
Balkan catchfly,
Biennial campion,
Glaucous campion,
Csere's pink

Silène bisannuel
Introduced from
 Europe
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.


Images, wsp
 Ehrh.
ssp. dichotoma

1792. Silene dichotoma  Ehrh.
Forked catchfly,
Forked campion,
Forking catchfly,
Branching campion

Silène dichotome,
Silène à deux grappes,
Silène fourchu
Introduced from
 Eurasia
Silene dichotoma (4854285651).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.


Images, wsp
Silene sect. Behenantha Catchfly N.Y. Status Images Distribution 15
 L.

1753. Silene noctiflora  L.
1768. Cucubalus noctiflorus  (L.) Mill.
1843. Melandrium noctiflorum  (L.) Fr.
1869. Elisanthe noctiflora  (L.) Rupr.
Night-flowering catchfly,
Night-flowering campion,
Night-flowering silene,
Sticky cockle

Silène noctiflore,
Compagnon de nuit,
Silène à fleurs nocturnes,
Silène de nuit
Introduced from
 Eurasia
Night-flowering-Catchfly-leaves (3000046069).gif
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
NEW Can
ARS 
Trop.


Images, wsp
Maiden's tears,
Bladder campion
Introduced
Bladder Campion.jpg

NEW 

FNA 


Images, wsp
Silene sect. Melandrium Catchfly N.Y. Status Images Distribution 15
 (L.) Clairv.

1753. Lychnis dioica  L.
1794. Saponaria dioica  (L.) Moench
1811. Silene dioica  (L.) Clairv.
1845. Melandrium dioicum  Coss. & Germ.
1849. Lychnis rubra  Patze, E.Mey. & Elkan
1858. Melandrium rubrum  Garcke
Red campion,
Red catchfly

Silène dioïque
Introduced from
 Europe,
 n. Africa
CompagnonRouge.jpg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS 
FNA Trop.


Images, wsp
 Poir.

1768. Lychnis alba  Mill.
1798. Silene latifolia  Poir.
1858. Melandrium album  Garcke
1901. Silene alba  E.H.L.Krause
1982. S. latifolia ssp. alba Greuter & Burdet
Bladder campion,
White campion,
White cockle
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 n. Africa
Silene alba NRM.jpg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW 
ARS 
FNA 


Images, wsp
 Meusel & Werner

Silene dioica ×
Silene latifolia

1979. Silene × hampeana  Meusel & Werner
1982. Silene × intermedia  (Schur) Philp
   non (Lange) Bocquet
Campion Introduced,
No specimens

Perennial,
Forb-herb
NYFA-X
USDA-XN
NEW Can
ITIS



Images, wsp
Silene subg. Silene[edit]
Caryophyllaceaesubfam. Caryophylloideaetribe Sileneaegenus Silenesubg. Silene
Silene subg. Silene Catchfly N.Y. Status Images Distribution 15
 L.

1753. Silene antirrhina  L.
1845. S. a. var. laevigata Engelm. & A.Gray
1845. S. a. var. subglaber Engelm. & A.Gray
1893. S. a. var. divaricata B.L.Rob.
1904. S. a. var. depauperata Rydb.
1904. S. a. var. vaccarifolia Rydb.
1915. S. a. var. confinis Fernald
Sleepy catchfly,
Sleepy campion,
Sleepy silene

Silène muflier
Native,
Secure
Silene antirrhina cv2.jpg
Silene antirrhina nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.


Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Silene armeria  L.
1840. Atocion armeria  (L.) Raf.
Sweet William catchfly,
Sweet William campion,
Thrift catchfly,
Silène arméria
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Garden escape
Silene armeria02.jpg
Silene armeria NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW 
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.


Images, wsp
 L.
Eurasian catchfly Introduced,
Impersistent,
Rare garden waif
Silene nutans Nickendes Leimkraut.JPG
NYFA-Xm
USDA-X0
NEW 




Images, wsp
 L. (1753)
ssp. conica

Pleconax conica
Sand catchfly,
Striate catchfly,
Striped corn catchfly,
Conical catchfly
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Impersistent
Silene2.jpg
NYFA-Xm
USDA-X
NEW 
ARS 
FNA 


Images, wsp
 Pers. (1805)
ssp. nemoralis
Italian catchfly Introduced,
Impersistent
Silene italica 1.JPG
NYFA-Xm
NEW 




Images, wsp
Genus Agrostemma[edit]
Caryophyllaceaesubfam. Caryophylloideaetribe Sileneaegenus Agrostemma
Agrostemma Corncockle N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
Common corncockle Introduced
Agrostemma githago flower 1 AB.jpg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
Genus Lychnis[edit]
Caryophyllaceaesubfam. Caryophylloideaetribe Sileneaegenus Lychnis
Lychnis Campion N.Y. Status Images Distribution 4
 L.

1753. Lychnis flos-cuculi  L.
1811. Silene flos-cuculi  (L.) Clairv.[1]
1843. Coronaria flos-cuculi  (L.) A. Braun
1844. Coccyganthe flos-cuculi  (L.) Rchb.
1982. Silene flos-cuculi  Greuter & Burdet
Ragged-robin,
Meadow campion

Silène fleur-de-coucou,
Lychnide fleur-de-coucou
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Widespread weed
Ragged Robin at Bear Mead - geograph.org.uk - 1187185.jpg
Silene flos-cuculi nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.


Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Lychnis chalcedonica  L.
1843. Agrostemma chalcedonica  Döll
1901. Silene chalcedonica  E.H.L.Krause
Maltese-cross campion,
Maltesecross,
Scarlet-lychnis
Introduced
Lychnis chalcedonica 02.JPG
NYFA-X
USDA-XW
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.


Images, wsp

(=)
(=)
(=)
(=)
Rose campion Introduced
Silene coronaria rmll.jpg






Images, wsp

(=)
(=)
(=)
(=)
Clammy campion Introduced
Viscaria vulgaris a1.jpg






Images, wsp
  1. NYFA, USDA-NRCS PLANTS, and GoBotany list Ragged-robin, as Lychnis flos-cuculi, while ITIS, ARS-GRIN, and Flora of North America (FNA) all list it as Silene flos-cuculi. However, FNA lists the author as (L.) Clairv. (1811) instead of (L.) Greuter & Burdet (1982) as the other 2 sources do. VASCAN follows FNA.

Tribe Caryophylleae[edit]

Genus Dianthus[edit]
Caryophyllaceaesubfam. Caryophylloideaetribe Caryophylleaegenus Dianthus
Dianthus Pink N.Y. Status Images Distribution 5
 L. (1753)
ssp. armeria
Deptford pink Introduced
Dianthus armeria 8939.jpg






Images, wsp
 L. (1753)
ssp. barbatus
Sweet William Introduced
Dianthus barbatus or Sweet William from Lalbagh Flowershow - August 2012 4562.JPG






Images, wsp
 L. (1753)
Clusterhead pink Introduced
Dianthus carthusianorum2.jpg






Images, wsp
 L. (1753)
ssp. deltoides
Maiden pink Introduced
Dianthus deltoides02.JPG






Images, wsp
 L. (1753)
ssp. plumarius
Cottage pink,
Garden pink
Introduced
Hohenheim - Dianthus plumarius 02.jpg






Images, wsp
Genus Gypsophila[edit]
Caryophyllaceaesubfam. Caryophylloideaetribe Caryophylleaegenus Gypsophila
Gypsophila Babysbreath N.Y. Status Images Distribution 4
Showy baby's-breath,
Annual baby's-breath
Introduced






Images, wsp
Low baby's-breath,
Cushion baby's-breath
Introduced






Images, wsp
Tall baby's-breath,
Perennial baby's-breath
Introduced






Images, wsp
Garden baby's-breath,
Glandular baby's-breath
Introduced






Images, wsp
Genus Petrorhagia[edit]
Caryophyllaceaesubfam. Caryophylloideaetribe Caryophylleaegenus Petrorhagia
Petrorhagia Pink N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
Childing-pink,
Proliferous pink
Introduced






Images, wsp
var. saxifraga
Saxifrage pink,
Tunic flower,
Coat flower
Introduced






Images, wsp
Genus Saponaria[edit]
Caryophyllaceaesubfam. Caryophylloideaetribe Caryophylleaegenus Saponaria
Saponaria Soapwort N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 L. (1753)

Lychnis saponaria Jess.
S. officinalis var. glaberrima Ser.
Bouncing-bet,
Common soapwort,
Sweet Betty,
Saponaire officinale
Introduced,
Eurasia native
20121007Seifenkraut Reilingen4.jpg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS ITIS
FNA 


Images, wsp
 L. (1753)
Rock soapwort Introduced






Images, wsp
Genus Vaccaria[edit]
Caryophyllaceaesubfam. Caryophylloideaetribe Caryophylleaegenus Vaccaria
Vaccaria Soapwort N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(Mill.) Rauschert (1966)

Saponaria vaccaria L. (1753)
Saponaria hispanica Mill. (1768)
Vaccaria vaccaria (L.) Britton
Cow soapwort,
Cowcockle,
Cowherb,
Saponaire des vaches
Introduced,
Eurasia native
Vaccaria hispanica - Flora Batava, V18.pngImg spacer 2x87.pngVaccaria hispanica BB-1913.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS ITIS
FNA 


Images, wsp

Subfamily Alsinoideae[edit]

Tribe Arenarieae[edit]

Caryophyllaceaesubfam. Alsinoideaetribe Arenarieae
Moehringia Sandwort N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (L.) Fenzl

Arenaria lateriflora L.
Grove sandwort,
Bluntleaf sandwort,
Bluntleaf grove sandwort,
Blunt-leaved sandwort,
Moehringie ou sabline latériflore
Native,
Secure
Moehringia lateriflora 8576.JPG
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ITIS
FNA 


Images, wsp
Arenaria Sandwort N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.
var. serpyllifolia
Thyme-leaved sandwort Introduced,
Common weed
Arenaria serpyllifolia 4.JPG
NYFA-X





Images, wsp

Tribe Alsineae[edit]

Caryophyllaceaesubfam. Alsinoideaetribe Alsineae
Cerastium Mouse-ear-chickweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution 7
 Raf.
var. nutans

1813. C. longepedunculatum  Muhl.
1814. Cerastium nutans  Raf.
1951. C. nutans var. occidentale B. Boivin
Nodding chickweed,
Long-stalked chickweed
Native,
Secure
Cerastium nutans var nutans BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ITIS
FNA Trop.


Images, wsp
Field mouse-ear chickweed,
Prairie mouse-ear chickweed
Introduced
Cerastium arvense - Acker-Hornkraut Detail.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X


FNA 


Images, wsp
ssp. vulgare
Big chickweed Introduced
Cerastium fontanum subsp. vulgare, gewone hoornbloem.jpg
Nymap.svg






Images, wsp
Sticky mouse-ear chickweed Introduced
20140410Cerastium glomeratum5.jpg
Nymap.svg






Images, wsp
European chickweed,
Sticky mouse-ear chickweed
Introduced
Pannonische Frühlingsannuelle und -geophyten sl2.jpg
Nymap.svg






Images, wsp
Five-stamened mouse-ear chickweed Introduced
20140407Cerastium semidecandrum2.jpg
Nymap.svg






Images, wsp
Snow-in-summer,
Dusty miller
Introduced
Cerastium tomentosum 1.JPG
Nymap.svg






Images, wsp
Holosteum Holosteum N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.
ssp. umbellatum
Jagged chickweed Introduced
Holosteumumbellatum1.jpg
Nymap.svg






Images, wsp
Myosoton Myosoton N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(L.) Moench

(=) Alsine aquatica
(=) Cerastium aquaticum
(=) Malachium aquaticum
(=) Stellaria aquatica
Giant chickweed,
Water chickweed,
Céraiste aquatique,
Malaquie aquatique,
Stellaire aquatique
Introduced
Myosoton aquaticum0.jpg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS ITIS



Images, wsp
Stellaria Starwort N.Y. Status Images Distribution 10
ssp. media
Common chickweed Introduced
Kaldari Stellaria media 01.jpg
NYFA-X





Images, wsp
ssp. neglecta
Common chickweed Introduced
Stellaria media 04.JPG
NYFA-X





Images, wsp

Tribe Sagineae[edit]

Caryophyllaceaesubfam. Alsinoideaetribe Sagineae
Sagina Pearlwort N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
      Torr. & A.Gray (1838)
ssp. decumbens

Spergella decumbens
Small-flowered pearlwort,
Trailing pearlwort
Native,
Endangered
Sagina decumbens BB-1913.png
NYFA-1
USDA-NX

ITIS
FNA 


Images, wsp
 (Sw.) Ohwi (1937)

Spergula japonica
Japanese pearlwort,
Sagine du Japon
Introduced
Sagina japonica.JPG
Sagina japonica NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX


FNA 


Images, wsp
 L. (1753)

Alsine procumbens
S. procumbens var. compacta
Birdeye pearlwort,
Matted pearlwort,
Procumbent pearlwort,
Sagine couchée
Introduced
Moos 5770.jpg
NYFA-X





Images, wsp

Tribe Sclerantheae[edit]

Caryophyllaceaesubfam. Alsinoideaetribe Sclerantheae
Honckenya Honckenya N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (L.) Ehrh. (1783)
ssp. robusta (Fernald) Hultén (1944)

Ammodenia peploides var. robusta
Sea chickweed,
Sea sandwort,
Seabeach sandwort,
Seaside sandplant
Native,
Likely secure
Honckenya peploides Simo, Finland 21.06.2013.jpg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN

ARS ITIS
FNA 


Images, wsp
Minuartia Stitchwort N.Y. Status Images Distribution 4
 (Walter) Mattf.

Arenaria caroliniana Walter
Alsinopsis caroliniana (Walter) Small
Minuopsis caroliniana (Walter) W.A.Weber
Sabulina caroliniana (Walter) Small
Pinebarren stitchwort,
Pine barren stitchwort,
Pine barren sandwort
Native,
Rare
NYFA-3
USDA-N0

ITIS
FNA 


Images, wsp
 (Michx.) Mattf. (1921)

Arenaria glabra
Minuartia groenlandica ssp. glabra
Porsildia groenlandica ssp. glabra
Sabulina glabra
Appalachian stitchwort,
Appalachian sandwort
Native,
Rare
NYFA-3
USDA-N0

ITIS
FNA 


Images, wsp
 (Retz.) Ostenf. (1920)

Arenaria groenlandica
Porsildia groenlandica
Sabulina groenlandica
Stellaria labradorica
Greenland stitchwort,
Mountain sandwort,
Minuartie du Groenland
Native,
Rare
M groenlandica.JPG
NYFA-3
USDA-NN

ITIS
FNA 


Images, wsp
 (Fenzl) Farw.
var. michauxii
Michaux's stitchwort,
Minuartie de Michaux
Native,
Likely secure
NYFA-4
USDA-NN

ITIS



Images, wsp
Scleranthus German-knotgrass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L. (1753)
ssp. annuus
Annual knawel,
German knotweed,
German knotgrass,
Scléranthe annuel
Introduced,
Europe, w Asia, n Africa
Scleranthus annuus bords-moselle-tonnoy 54 11052002 2.JPG
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS ITIS
FNA 


Images, wsp

References[edit]

  1. Caryophyllaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.

Santalales, Polygonales, Nepenthales
Flora of New York: Caryophyllales 1: Caryophyllaceae
Caryophyllales 2:
Chenopodiaceae
Table of
contents
Genus
index
Protected species index Invasive species index