Flora of New York/Ericales

From Wikibooks, open books for an open world
Jump to: navigation, search

Cornales
Flora of New York: Ericales
Gentianales
Table of
contents
Genus
index
Protected species index Invasive species index


The order Ericales ...

Family Balsaminaceae[edit]

The Balsaminaceae (balsam family).[1]

Balsaminaceaegenus Impatiens
Impatiens Touch-me-not N.Y. Status Images Distribution 4

1775. Impatiens capensis  Meerb.
1788. Impatiens biflora  Walter
1818. Impatiens fulva  Nutt.
1910. Impatiens nortonii  Rydb.
1967. I. noli-tangere ssp. biflora Hultén
Spotted jewelweed,
Orange touch-me-not,
Spotted touch-me-not,
Spotted snapweed

Impatiente du Cap,
Chou sauvage,
Impatiente biflore
Native,
Secure
Orange jewelweed (Whitefish Island) 3.JPG
Impatiens capensis NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.


Images, wsp
 Nutt.

1818. Impatiens pallida  Nutt.
1904. Impatiens pallida var. alba Clute
Pale jewel-weed,
Pale snapweed,
Pale touch-me-not,
Yellow touch-me-not

Impatiente pâle
Native,
Likely secure
Impatiens pallida 09778.jpg
Impatiens pallida NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.


Images, wsp
 Royle

1835. Impatiens glandulifera  Royle
1842. Impatiens roylei  Walp.
Ornamental jewelweed,
Policeman's helmet,
Himalayan balsam,
Himalayan touch-me-not

Balsamie de l'Himmalaya,
Impatiente glanduleuse,
Balsamine géante
Introduced from
 India, Nepal,
 Pakistan,
Moderately invasive,
NYIS: 67%[2]
Niecierpek Gruczołowaty 01.JPG
Impatiens glandulifera NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.


Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Impatiens balsamina  L.
1790. Balsamina foemina  Gaertn.
1922. Impatiens giorgii  De Wild.
1962. Impatiens eriocarpa  Launert
Garden balsam,
Garden touch-me-not,
Spotted snapweed,
Rose balsam
Introduced from
 India, Myanmar
Impatiens balsamina (2).JPG
Impatiens balsamina NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS ITIS
Trop.


Images, wsp
  1. Balsaminaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.
    Balsaminaceae USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) PLANTS Database (2013).
  2. New York non-native plant invasiveness assessmentImpatiens glandulifera: Moderate (67). M.J.Jordan, G.Moore & T.W.Weldy (2008). Invasiveness ranking system for non-native plants of New York. Unpublished. The Nature Conservancy, Albany & Cold Spring Harbor, NY; Brooklyn Botanic Garden, Brooklyn, NY.

Family Polemoniaceae[edit]

The Polemoniaceae (phlox family).[1]

Subamily Polemonioideae[edit]

Tribe Polemonieae[edit]

Polemoniaceaesubfam. Polemonioideaetribe Polemonieae
Polemonium Jacob's ladder N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 L.
var. reptans
Charity,
Greek valerian
Native,
Likely secure
Jacob's Ladder Polemonium reptens Wasp 2579px.jpg
Polemonium reptans var reptans nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
 Britton
Jacob's ladder,
Vanbrunt's polemonium,
Polémoine de Van-Brunt
Native,
Rare
Polemonium vanbruntiae FWS-1-4x3.jpg
Polemonium vanbruntiae nymap.svg
NYFA-3
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
  1. Polemoniaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.
    Polemoniaceae USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) PLANTS Database (2013).

Tribe Phocideae[edit]

Polemoniaceaesubfam. Polemonioideaetribe Phocideae
Phlox sect. Divaricatae Phlox N.Y. Status Images Distribution 6
 L.
ssp. divaricata
Wild blue phlox Native,
Likely secure
Phlox divaricata 2.jpg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
 L.
ssp. pilosa
Downy phlox Native,
Endangered,
Impersistent
Phlox pilosa jdp.jpg
NYFA-1z
USDA-NN

ARS ITIS



Images, wsp
Phlox sect. Phlox Phlox N.Y. Status Images Distribution 6
ssp. subulata
Moss phlox Native,
Likely secure
Phlox subulata flower.jpg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
ssp. maculata
Spotted phlox,
Wild sweet-william
Native,
Endangered
Phlox maculata BB-1913.pngImg spacer 2x87.pngPhlox maculata NRCS-1.jpg
Phlox maculata ssp maculata NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-1
USDA-NX

ITIS



Images, wsp
Fall phlox Introduced,
US South native
Phlox paniculata 2008.JPG
Phlox paniculata NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-NX

ARS 

NSE BNA 

Images, wsp
 Sims (1802)
Creeping phlox Introduced,
US South native
Phlox stolonifera 2.JPG


ARS 

NSE BNA 

Images, wsp

Tribe Gilieae[edit]

Polemoniaceaesubfam. Polemonioideaetribe Gilieae
Collomia Trumpet N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 Nutt.
Tiny trumpet,
Narrow-leaved collomia
Introduced,
N. America native,
Impersistent
Collomialinearis.jpg
Collomia linearis NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-Xm
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
Gilia Gilia N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 Benth.
Gilia Introduced,
Impersistent
Gilia achilleifolia 042.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngGilia achilleifolia 045.jpg
NYFA-Xm
USDA-X0





Images, wsp

Tribe Loeselieae[edit]

Polemoniaceaesubfam. Polemonioideaetribe Loeselieae
Ipomopsis Ipomopsis N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (L.) Wherry

Gilia rubra (L.) Heller
Red standing-cypress Introduced,
US South native,
Impersistent
Ipomopsis rubra.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngIpomopsis rubraCDP148CA.jpg
NYFA-Xm
USDA-NX





Images, wsp

Family Ebenaceae[edit]

The Ebenaceae (ebony family) is primarily a tropical and warmer-temperate family of trees and shrubs. Its only species reported outside of cultivation in New York is the American persimon tree, which consists mainly of escapes from cultivation. It is believed that the only native persimon trees in the state are on Staten Island (Richmond County).[1]

Subfamily Ebenoideae[edit]

Ebenaceaesubfam. Ebenoideaegenus Diospyros
Diospyros Persimmon N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L. 1753

1921. Diospyros mosieri S.F.Blake
American persimmon,
Common persimmon,
Plaqueminier d'Amérique
Native,
Threatened
Diospyros virginiana 1.jpg
NYFA-2
USDA-N0

ARS 



Images, wsp
  1. Ebenaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.
    Ebenaceae USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) PLANTS Database (2013).

Family Myrsinaceae[edit]

The Myrsinaceae (Myrsine family) ...

Myrsinaceae
Anagallis Pimpernel N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 L.
ssp. arvensis
Poor-man's weatherglass,
Scarlet pimpernel,
Shepherd's clock
Introduced
20120624Oftersheimer Duenen093.jpg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
(L.) Krause ex Sturm
Chaffweed Introduced,
N. America native
Anagallis spp Sturm60.jpg
NYFA-X
USDA-NN





Images, wsp

Family Samolaceae[edit]

The Samolaceae (brookweed family) ...

Samolaceae
Samolus Brookweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.

1753. Samolus valerandi  L.[1]
1818. Samolus floribundus  Kunth
1818. Samolus parviflorus  Raf.
1971. Samolus valerandi ssp. parviflorus Hultén
Water pimpernel,
Seaside brookweed
Native,
Likely secure
SamolusValerandiFlowers.jpg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN

ARS 



Images, wsp
  1. NYFA lists the New York populations of Samolus valerandi as being of subsp. parviflorus, but ITIS and ARS-GRIN lump the subspecies together.

Family Primulaceae[edit]

The Primulaceae Batsch ex Borkh. (primrose family).[1] Note that this family does not include evening primroses (Oenothera), which are in the Onagraceae (evening primrose or willowherb family).

Tribe Primuleae[edit]

Primulaceaetribe Primuleae
Primula subg. Aleuritia Primrose N.Y. Status Images Distribution 4
 Michx.

1803. Primula mistassinica  Michx.
1888. P. farinosa var. mistassinica Pax
1905. P. farinosa ssp. mistassinica Pax
1928. Primula intercedens  Fernald
1928. P. mistassinica var. intercedens Fernald
1966. P. mistassinica var. intercedens B.Boivin
Bird's-eye primrose,
Mistassini primrose,
Lake Mistassini primrose

Primevère du lac Mistassini
Native,
Threatened
Primula mistassinica.jpg
Primula mistassinica NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-2
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ITIS
FNA Trop.


Images, wsp
 A.Gray
Japanese primrose

Primevère du Japon
Introduced from
 Japan,
Rare
Primula japonica ÖBG 2012-05-13 05.jpg
Primula japonica NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-X0

ARS 



Images, wsp
Primula subg. Primula Primrose N.Y. Status Images Distribution 4
 L.
Cowslip,
Cowslip primrose

Primevère officinale
Introduced
Cowslips (Primula veris) - geograph.org.uk - 1277162.jpg
Primula veris NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XW
Can




Images, wsp
 Hort.

Primula veris ×
Primula vulgaris
Elatior hybrid primrose Introduced
Primula × polyantha02.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
Can




Images, wsp
Primula subg. Auriculastrum Shooting-star N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (L.) A.R.Mast & Reveal

1753. Dodecatheon meadia  L.
1903. Dodecatheon hugeri  Small
1903. Dodecatheon brachycarpum  Small
2007. Primula meadia  A.R.Mast & Reveal
Shooting star,
Pride of Ohio,
American cowslip,
Mead's shootingstar

Gyroselle de Virginie
Native,
Likely extirpated
Dodecantheon meadia a1.jpg
Dodecatheon meadia ssp meadia nymap.svg
NYFA-Z
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.


Images, wsp
Hottonia Hottonia N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 Elliott 1817
American featherfoil,
Featherfoil,
Hottonie enflée
Native,
Threatened
Hottonia inflata NRCS-1.jpg
NYFA-2
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
  1. Primulaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.
    Primulaceae USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) PLANTS Database (2013).

Tribe Androsaceeae[edit]

Primulaceaetribe Androsaceeae
Androsace Rock jasmine N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.
Androsace,
Greater rock-jasmine,
Pussy-toes
Introduced
Androsace maxima à Murs 1.jpg
Androsace maxima NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-X0





Images, wsp

Family Lysimachiaceae[edit]

The Lysimachiaceae (yellow-loosestrife family) ...

Tribe Lysimachieae[edit]

Genus Trientalis[edit]
Lysimachiaceaetribe Lysimachieaegenus Trientalis
Trientalis Starflower N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 Raf. (1808)
ssp. borealis

Lysimachia borealis
    (Raf.) U.Manns & Anderb. (2009)[1]
Northern starflower Native,
Secure
Trientalis borealis, Québec (Matthieu Gauvain).JPG
NYFA-5
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
  1. Manns, U. & A. A. Anderberg (2009). "New combinations and names in Lysimachia (Myrsinaceae) for species of Anagallis, Pelletiera and Trientalis. Willdenowia 39:51. [Trientalis borealis Raf. = Lysimachia borealis (Raf.) U.Manns & Anderb.].
Genus Lysimachia[edit]
Lysimachiaceaetribe Lysimachieaegenus Lysimachia
Lysimachia Yellow-loosestrife N.Y. Status Images Distribution 12
Fringed loosestrife Native,
Secure
Lysimachia ciliata Firecracker D-4x3.jpg
NYFA-5
USDA-N





Images, wsp
Whorled loosestrife Native,
Secure
Lysimachia quadrilfolia 6041.JPG
NYFA-5
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
(L.) Britton, Sterns & Poggenb. (1888)
Swamp loosestrife,
Earth loosestrife,
Lake loosestrife,
Swamp candles
Native,
Secure
Lysimachia terrestris.jpg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ARS 



Images, wsp
 L. (1753)

(=) Naumburgia thyrsiflora  (L.) Duby
Water loosestrife,
Swamp loosestrife,
Tufted loosestrife,
Tufted yellow loosestrife,
Lysimaque thyrsiflore
Native,
Likely secure
Lysimachia thyrsiflora flowers2.jpg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN

ARS ITIS
FNA 


Images, wsp
(A. Gray) Fernald (pro sp.)

Lysimachia quadrifolia ×
Lysimachia terrestris
Hybrid of
 Whorled loosestrife &
 Swamp loosestrife
Native,
Vulnerable
NYFA-3?





Images, wsp
 Fernald

Lysimachia terrestris ×
Lysimachia thyrsiflora
Hybrid of
 Swamp loosestrife &
 Tufted loosestrife
Native,
Threatened
NYFA-2?





Images, wsp
 Michx. (1803)

(=) Lysimachia ciliata validula
(=) Lysimachia lanceolata hybrida
(=) Steironema hybridum
(=) Steironema laevigatum
(=) Steironema lanceolatum hybridum
Lance-leaved loosestrife,
Lowland yellow loosestrife,
Mississippi loosestrife,
Swamp candles

Lysimaque hybride
Native,
Endangered
Lysimachia hybrida NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-1
USDA-NN

ITIS
FNA 


Images, wsp

(=) Lysimachia longifolia
(=) Steironema quadriflorum
Four-flowered loosestrife,
Fourflower yellow loosestrife,
Linear-leaf loosestrife
Native,
Endangered
Lysimachia quadriflora BB-1913.png
Lysimachia quadriflora NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-1
USDA-NN

ITIS



Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Lysimachia vulgaris  L.
Garden loosestrife,
Garden yellow loosestrife

Lysimaque commune
Introduced,
Highly invasive,
NYIS: 73%[1]
Lysimachia vulgaris01.jpg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW 

FNA Trop.


Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Lysimachia nummularia  L.
Moneywort,
Creeping Jenny
Introduced from
 temperate Eurasia,
Moderately invasive,
NYIS: 64%[2]
Lysimachia nummularia ziedai, 2006-07-01.jpg
NYFA-X
USDA-?





Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Lysimachia punctata  L.
(=) L. punctata var. verticillata Klatt
Spotted loosestrife,
Large yellow loosestrife
Introduced from
 temperate Eurasia,
Moderately invasive,
NYIS: 57%[3]
Lysimachia punctata 01.JPG
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ITIS



Images, wsp
 Duby
Goose-neck loosestrife,
Goose-neck yellow loosestrife
Introduced,
Potentially invasive,
NYIS: NA [4]
Smallflowers8.jpg
NYFA-Xm
USDA-XX





Images, wsp

Family Symplocaceae[edit]

The Symplocaceae (sweetleaf family). [1]

Symplocaceae
Symplocos Sweetleaf N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
Common sweetleaf Introduced,
US South native
Symplocos tinctoria 1120593.jpg
NYFA-X
USDA-N0





Images, wsp
 Miq.
Asiatic sweetleaf Introduced
Symplocos paniculata (9958808546) 4x3.jpg
NYFA-X
USDA-X0





Images, wsp
  1. Symplocaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.

Family Styracaceae[edit]

The Styracaceae (snowbell family).[1]

Styracaceae
Halesia Silverbell N.Y. Status Images Distribution n
 L.
Silver bells,
Possomwood
Introduced,
US South native
Halesia carolina0.jpg
NYFA-X
USDA-N0





Images, wsp
 Ellis
Mountain silverbell Introduced,
US South native
HalesiaTetraptera.jpg
NYFA-X
USDA-N0





Images, wsp
Styrax Snowbell N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 Sieb. & Zucc.
Japanese snowbell,
Japanese storax
Introduced
Styrax japonicus 05.JPG
NYFA-X
USDA-X0

ITIS
FNA 


Images, wsp
  1. Styracaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.
    Styracaceae USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) PLANTS Database (2013).

Family Diapensiaceae[edit]

The Diapensiaceae (diapensia family).[1]

Diapensiaceae
Diapensia Diapensia N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.
ssp. lapponica
Lapland diapensia,
Pincushion plant
Native,
Threatened
Diapensia lapponica plant upernavik.jpg
NYFA-2
USDA-





Images, wsp
Galax Galax N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (Poir.) Brummitt

Galax aphylla auct. non L.
Beetleweed Introduced,
US South native
Galax urceolata.jpg
NYFA-X
USDA-N0

ITIS
FNA 


Images, wsp
Pyxidanthera Pyxidanthera N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
Common pyxiemoss,
Flowering moss,
Flowering pixiemoss,
Big pyxie, Pyxies
Native,
Endangered
Pyxidanthera barbulata BB-1913.png
NYFA-1
USDA-N0

ITIS
FNA 


Images, wsp
  1. Diapensiaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.
    Diapensiaceae USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) PLANTS Database (2013).

Family Sarraceniaceae[edit]

The Sarraceniaceae (pitcher-plant family).[1]

Sarraceniaceae
Sarracenia Pitcher plant N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.
Purple pitcher-plant,
Side-saddle plant
Native,
Vulnerable
Flickr - ggallice - Pitcher plant, Sarracenia purpurea, Cranberry Glades, Round Glade.jpg
NYFA-3-4
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
  1. Sarraceniaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.

Family Actinidiaceae[edit]

The Actinidiaceae (Chinese gooseberry family).[1]

Actinidiaceae
Actinidia Actinidia N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
Silver vine,
Cat powder
Introduced,
Rare
Actinidia polygama1SHSU.jpg
Actinidia polygama NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-X0





Images, wsp
  1. Actinidiaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.

Family Clethraceae[edit]

The Clethraceae (clethra family).[1]

Clethraceae
Clethra Sweetpepperbush N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.

1753. Clethra alnifolia  L.
1786. Clethra tomentosa  Lam.
1789. Clethra paniculata  Aiton
1803. C. alnifolia var. tomentosa Michx.
1803. C. alnifolia var. glabella Michx.
1900. C. alnifolia var. paniculata Rehder
1903. C. alnifolia var. michauxii Zabel
Coast pepperbush,
Coastal sweetpepperbush,
Sweet Pepperbush,
Anne Bidwell,
Summersweet,
Pink spire

Clèthre à feuilles d'aulne
Native,
Secure

Perennial,
Shrub
Clethra alnifolia summersweet flowers.JPG
Clethra alnifolia nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.
NSE BNA 
IPN
Images, wsp
  1. Clethraceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.

Family Ericaceae[edit]

The Ericaceae (heath family).[1][2]

Subfamily Monotropoideae[edit]

Tribe Pyroleae[edit]

The native New York Pyroleae consist of about nine species of "wintergreen" or "shineleaf" plants.

Ericaceaesubfam. Monotropoideaetribe Pyroleae
Pyrola Wintergreen N.Y. Status Images Distribution 5
 Sweet

P. asarifolia ssp. americana
P. obovata
P. rotundifolia auct. p.p. non L.
P. rotundifolia ssp. americana
American wintergreen,
Wild lily-of-the-valley,
Round-leaved shineleaf,
Round-leaved wintergreen
Native,
Secure
Pyrola americana BB-1913.png
Pyrola americana NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ITIS



Images, wsp
Green-flowered wintergreen,
Green-flowered shineleaf,
Greenish-flowered wintergreen,
Pale-greed wintergreen
Native,
Secure
Rohekas uibuleht.JPGImg spacer 2x87.pngPyrolaChloranthaFruits.JPG
NYFA-5
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
 Nutt.
Shinleaf,
Waxflower shinleaf,
Large-leaved shineleaf,
Eliptic shineleaf
Native,
Secure
Pyrola elliptica BB-1913.png
Pyrola elliptica NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ITIS



Images, wsp
 Michx.
ssp. asarifolia
Pink wintergreen,
Liverleaf wintergreen
Native,
Threatened
Pink Pyrola (6187038332).jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngPyrola asarifolia 8822.JPG
Pyrola asarifolia ssp asarifolia NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-2
USDA-NN

ITIS



Images, wsp
 L.
Snowline wintergreen,
Lesser wintergreen
Native,
Endangered
Pyrola minor1.JPG
NYFA-1





Images, wsp
Orthilia Orthilia N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (L.) House

Pyrola secunda L.
Ramischia elatior Rydb.
Ramischia secunda (L.) Garcke
One-sided wintergreen,
Sidebells wintergreen
Native,
Secure
OrthiliaSecunda2.jpg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN


FNA 


Images, wsp
Chimaphila Prince's-pine N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 (L.) Barton
ssp. cisatlantica
Common wintergreen Native,
Secure
Chimaphila umbellata.jpg
NYFA-5





Images, wsp
(L.) Pursh
Spotted wintergreen,
Striped prince's pine
Native,
Likely secure
Chimaphila maculata in flower.jpg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
Moneses Single-delight N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (L.) A.Gray

Pyrola uniflora L.
One-flowered wintergreen Native,
Likely secure
Moneses uniflora T69.jpg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
  1. Ericaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.
    Ericaceae USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) PLANTS Database (2013).
  2. The subfamily (and tribal) organization used here is from of James L. Reveal (2012) An outline of a classification scheme for extant flowering plants. Phytoneuron 2012–37: 1–221.

Tribe Monotropeae[edit]

Monotropeae are mycotrophs, which are parasitic plants that obtain their nutrients trough fungi instead photosynthesis.

Ericaceaesubfam. Monotropoideaetribe Monotropeae
Monotropa Indianpipe N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 L.

1753. Monotropa uniflora  L.
1927. Monotropa brittonii  Small
Indian-pipe,
One-flowered Indian pipe,
Ghost pipe,
Convulsion root

Monotrope uniflore,
Monotrope à une fleur
Native,
Secure
Monotropa uniflora 03769.jpg
Monotropa uniflora nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS 
FNA 


Images, wsp
HypopitysHill 1756 Pine-sap N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 Crantz

1753. Monotropa hypopithys  L.
1766. Hypopitys monotropa  Crantz
1772. Hypopitys multiflora  Scop.
1803. Monotropa lanuginosa  Michx.
1810. Hypopitys lanuginosa  (Michx.) Raf.
1843. Hypopitys americana  (DC.) Small
1894. Hypopitys hypopitys  (L.) Small taut.
1897. Hypopitys multiflora  (Scop.) Fritsch
1901. Hypopitys fimbriata  (A.Gray) Howell
1910. M. hypopitys var. lanuginosa Purah.
1956. M. hypopitys ssp. lanuginosa H.Hara
Pinesap,
American pinesap,
Yellow pinesap,
Yellow bird's-nest,
False beechdrops

Monotrope du pin,
Monotrope à grappe
Native,
Likely secure
Monotropa hypopitys 140706a.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.


Images, wsp

Tribe Pterosporeae[edit]

Ericaceaesubfam. Monotropoideaetribe Pterosporeae
Pterospora Pinedrops N.Y. Status Images Distribution n
 Nutt.
Albany beechdrops,
Giant pinedrops
Native,
Endangered
Pterospora andromedea 0477.JPGImg spacer 2x87.pngPterospora andromedea 4762.JPG
NYFA-1





Images, wsp

Subfamily Arbutoideae[edit]

Ericaceaesubfam. Arbutoideae
Arctostaphylos Manzanita N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (L.) Spreng.

1753. Arbutus uva-ursi  L.
1812. Arbutus buxifolia  Stokes
1813. Mairania uva-ursi  (L.) Desv.
1821. Uva-ursi buxifolia  (Stokes) Gray
1825. Arctostaphylos uva-ursi  (L.) Spreng.
1913. Uva-ursi uva-ursi  (L.) Britton taut.
Bearberry,
Kinnikinnick,
Pinemat manzanita,
Mealberry,
Hog cranberry

Raisin d’ours,
Arctostaphyle raisin-d'ours,
Busserole
Native,
Secure
Arctostaphylos-uva-ursi.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.
NSE BNA 

Images, wsp

Subfamily Harrimanelloideae[edit]

Ericaceaesubfam. Harrimanelloideae
Harrimanella Harrimanella N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(L.) Coville
Moss bell-heather Native,
Likely extirpated
Harrimanella hypnoides upernavik kujalleq 2007-07-24 2.jpg
Harrimanella hypnoides NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-Z
USDA-NN

ARS 



Images, wsp

Subfamily Ericoideae[edit]

Tribe Phyllodoceae[edit]

Ericaceaesubfam. Ericoideaetribe Phyllodoceae
Epigaea Trailing-arbutus N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.
Mayflower,
Trailing arbutus
Native,
Likely secure
Epigaea repens 5504382.jpg
Epigaea repens NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
Kalmia Laurel N.Y. Status Images Distribution 4
 L.
Sheep-laurel Native,
Secure
Kalmia angustifolia 4500.JPG
Kalmia angustifolia NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
 L.
Mountain laurel Native,
Secure
Mountain Laurel 1r.jpg
Kalmia latifolia NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-N0





Images, wsp
 Wang.
Pale laurel,
Bog laurel
Native,
Likely secure
Kalmia polifolia 2.jpg
Kalmia polifolia NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
Alpine azalea Native,
Endangered
Loiseleuria procumbens 4.JPG
Kalmia procumbens NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-1
USDA-NN

ARS ITIS



Images, wsp
(Bergius) Gift & Kron 2008

1777. Ledum buxifolium  Bergius
1813. Dendrium buxifolium  Desv.
1817. Leiophyllum buxifolium  Elliott[1]
1839. Leiophyllum lyonii  Sweet
1901. Leiophyllum hugeri  (Small) K. Schum.
Sandmyrtle,
Sand-myrtle
Introduced,
US South native,
Likely extirpated
Kalmia buxifolia NRCS-2.jpg
NYFA-X
USDA-N0

ARS ITIS
FNA 


Images, wsp
  1. NYFA and NRCS both list Kalmia buxifolia as Leiophyllum buxifolium (Berg) Elliott. ITIS, GRIN and Flora of North America, place it in Kalmia.

Tribe Ericeae[edit]

Ericaceaesubfam. Ericoideaetribe Ericeae
Calluna Heather N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (L.) Hull
Heather Introduced
Calluna vulgaris 5.jpg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp

Tribe Rhodoreae[edit]

Ericaceaesubfam. Ericoideaetribe Rhodoreae
Rhododendron Rhododendron N.Y. Status Images Distribution 8
(Small) Millais 1917

1914. Azalea prinophylla  Small
(=) R. nudiflorum var. roseum
(=) R. roseum  (Loisel.) Rehder
Early azalea Native,
Secure
Rhododendron prinophyllum - University of Copenhagen Botanical Garden - DSC07604.JPGImg spacer 2x87.pngRhododendron prinophyllum - University of Copenhagen Botanical Garden - DSC07605.JPG
Rhododendron prinophyllum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-N0





Images, wsp
(Michx.) Shinners

Azalea nudiflora L.
R. nudiflorum (L.) Torr.
Pink azalea,
Pinkster,
Pinxter-flower
Native,
Secure
Rhododendron periclymenoides, Kentucky.jpg
Rhododendron periclymenoides NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-N0





Images, wsp
(L.) Torr.

Azalea serrulata Small
Azalea viscosa L.
R. serrulatum (Small) Millais
Swamp azalea Native,
Secure
Rhododendron viscosum NRCS-1.jpg
Rhododendron viscosum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-N0





Images, wsp
(Oeder) Kron & Judd

Ledum groenlandicum Oeder
Ledum palustre L.
Bog Labrador tea,
Common Labrador tea,
Labrador tea
Native,
Likely secure
Ledem groenlandicum D.jpg
Rhododendron groenlandicum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4-5
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
 L.
Great laurel,
Rosebay rhododendron
Native,
Likely secure
Rhododendron maximum flowers 8601.JPG
Rhododendron maximum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
(L.) Torr.

Azalea canadensis (L.) Kuntze
Rhodora canadensis L.
Rhodora Native,
Threatened
Różanecznik kanadyjski Rhododendron canadense RB.JPG
Rhododendron canadense NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-2
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
(L.) Wahlenb.

Azalea lapponica L.
Lapland rosebay,
Lapland azalea
Native,
Endangered
Rhododendron lapponicum 1999-07-07.jpg
Rhododendron lapponicum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-1
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
(Michx.) Sweet

Azalea candida Small
Azalea canescens Michx.
R. candidum (Small) Rehder
Mountain azalea,
Hoary azalea
Native,
Likely extirpated
Rhododendron canescens 2523px.jpg
USDA-N0





Images, wsp
(Pursh) Torr.

Azalea arborescens Pursh
Smooth azalea,
Sweet Azalea
Introduced,
N. America native
Rhododendron arborescens BB-1913.png
USDA-N0





Images, wsp
(Michx.) Torrey
Flame azalea Introduced,
N. America native
Rhododendron calendulaceum 'Mandarin Red' Flower.jpg
Rhododendron calendulaceum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-N0





Images, wsp

Subfamily Empetroideae[edit]

Empetroideae Sweet, Hort. Brit.: 491. Sep–Oct 1826.

Tribe Empetreae[edit]

Empetreae Horan., Char. Ess. Fam.: 109. 17 Jun 1847.

Ericaceaesubfam. Empetroideaetribe Empetreae
Empetrum Crowberry N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 L.

1753. Empetrum nigrum  L.
1913. E. eamesii ssp. hermaphroditum
1927. E. hermaphroditum  Lange ex Hagerup
1933. E. nigrum var. hermaphroditum
1952. E. nigrum ssp. hermaphroditum
Black crowberry,
Crakeberry,
Curlew-berry

Camarine noire
Native,
Rare
Empetrum nigrum Denali AK.jpg
Empetrum nigrum nymap.svg
NYFA-3
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA 


Images, wsp
Fernald & Wiegand

1913. E. atropurpureum  Fernald & Wiegand
1927. E. rubrum var. atropurpureum
1960. E. eamesii ssp. atropurpureum
1966. E. nigrum var. atropurpureum [1]
Purple crowberry,
Red crowberry

Camarine noire-pouprée,
Camarine atropourpre,
Camarine pourpre
Native,
Endangered
Empetrum nigrum a1.jpg
Empetrum atropurpureum nymap.svg
NYFA-1
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ITIS
FNA 


Images, wsp
Corema Crowberry N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (Torr.) Torr.

1837. Empetrum conradii  Torr.
1842. Corema conradii  (Torr.) Torr.
Broom crowberry,
Broom-crowberry,
Poverty-grass

Corème de Conrad,
Camarine de Conrad
Native,
Endangered
Corema conradii buds.jpeg
Corema conradii nymap.svg
NYFA-1
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA 


Images, wsp
  1. USDA-NRCS-PLANTS and ITIS treat E. atropurpureum as a synonym of E. nigrum, but NYFA, FNA, and Flora Novae Angliae all treat E. atropurpureum as a separate species.

Subfamily Vaccinoideae[edit]

Tribe Oxydendreae[edit]

Ericaceaesubfam. Vaccinoideaetribe Oxydendreaegenus Oxydendrum
Oxydendrum Swamp-cranberry N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (L.) DC.

1753. Andromeda arborea  L.
1839. Oxydendrum arboreum  (L.) DC.
Sourwood,
Sorreltree,
Lily-of-the-valley tree
Introduced,
US South native
Sourwood in autumn (foliage closeup).JPG
Oxydendrum arboreum nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-N0

ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.
NSE 
IPN
Images, wsp

Tribe Lyonieae[edit]

Ericaceaesubfam. Vaccinoideaetribe Lyonieaegenus Lyonia
Lyonia Staggerbush N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 (L.) DC.
var. ligustrina

1753. Vaccinium ligustrinum  L.
1813. Andromeda ligustrina  (L.) Muhl.
1839. Lyonia ligustrina  (L.) DC.
1894. Xolisma ligustrina  (L.) Britton
1913. Arsenococcus ligustrinus  (L.) Small
Maleberry,
Seedy buckberry,
Privet andromeda

Lyonie faux-troène,
Lyonie ligustrine
Native,
Secure
Lyonia ligustrina 1120554.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-N0
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.
NSE 

Images, wsp
 (L.) D.Don

1753. Andromeda mariana  L.
1876. Pieris mariana  (L.) Benth. & Hook.f.
1913. Neopieris mariana  (L.) Britton
1924. Xolisma mariana  (L.) Rehder
Stagger-bush,
Piedmont staggerbush,
Maryland staggerbush
Native,
Likely secure
Lyonia-mariana capsules (5632026355).gif
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-N0
NEW 
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.
NSE 
IPN
Images, wsp

Tribe Andromedeae[edit]

Ericaceaesubfam. Vaccinoideaetribe Andromedeae
Andromeda Bog-rosemary N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.
var. glaucophylla
Bog rosemary Native,
Secure
Andromeda polifolia Suokukka C IMG 3578.JPG
Andromeda polifolia var glaucophylla NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN





Images, wsp

Tribe Gaultherieae[edit]

Ericaceaesubfam. Vaccinoideaetribe Gaultherieae
Chamaedaphne Leatherleaf N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(L.) Moench
Leatherleaf Native,
Secure
Chamaedaphne Calyculata Haukipudas 20110604.JPG
Chamaedaphne calyculata NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
Gaultheria Snowberry N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 L.
Eastern teaberry,
Checkerberry,
American wintergreen,
Creeping wintergreen

Thé des bois,
Thé rouge,
Gaulthérie couchée
Native,
Secure

Perennial,
Shrub, subshrub
Gaultheria procumbens 2.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
(L.) Muhl. ex Bigel.

Chiogenes hispidula
Creeping snowberry Native,
Secure
Gaultheria hispidula 7847.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
Eubotrys Fetterbush N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
(L.) Nutt.

Eubotrys elongata
Leucothoe elongata
Coastal fetterbush,
Deciduous swamp fetterbush,
Swamp doghobble,
Swamp sweetbells
Native,
Likely secure
Eubotrys racemosa - Swamp doghobble 2.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-N0





Images, wsp
(Buckley) Britton
Mountain fetterbush,
Deciduous mountain fetterbush,
Redtwig doghobble,
Red-twigged doghobble
Introduced,
US South native
Eubotrys recurva BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg






Images, wsp
Leucothoe Doghobble N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(Steud.) Sleumer
Highland dog-hobble Introduced,
US South native,
Impersistent
Leucothe fontanesia.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Xm
USDA-N0





Images, wsp

Tribe Vaccinieae[edit]

Genus Gaylussacia[edit]
Ericaceaesubfam. Vaccinoideaetribe Vaccinieaegenus Gaylussacia
Gaylussacia Huckleberry N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3

1787. Andromeda baccata  Wangenh.
1872. Gaylussacia baccata  K.Koch
1900. G. resinosa var. glaucocarpa B.L.Rob.
1907. G. baccata var. glaucocarpa Mack.
1933. Decachaena baccata  Small
Black huckleberry Native,
Secure
Gaylussacia baccata 5497208.jpg
Gaylussacia baccata NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW 

FNA Trop.


Images, wsp
 (L.) Torr. & A.Gray

1753. Vaccinium frondosum  L.
1843. Gaylussacia frondosa  Torr. & A.Gray
1933. Decachaena frondosa  ex Small
Blue huckleberry,
Dangleberry
Native,
Likely secure
Gaylussacia frondosa BB-1913.png
Gaylussacia frondosa NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4
USDA-N0
NEW 
ARS 



Images, wsp
(Fernald) Sorrie & Weakley

1911. Gaylussacia dumosa
   var.
bigeloviana Fernald
1933. Lasiococcus dumosus var. bigelovianus
2007. Gaylussacia bigeloviana  Sorrie & Weakley
auct.. Gaylussacia dumosa non (Andrews) A.Gray
Dwarf huckleberry,
Bog huckleberry
Native,
Endangered
Gaylussacia dumosa (6009920604).jpg
Gaylussacia bigeloviana nymap.svg
NYFA-1-2
USDA-NN
NEW 
ARS ITIS
FNA 


Images, wsp
Genus Vaccinium[edit]
Ericaceaesubfam. Vaccinoideaetribe Vaccinieaegenus Vaccinium
Vaccinium sect. Cyanococcus Blueberry N.Y. Status Images Distribution 11
 L. (1753)
Highbush blueberry,
Swamp blueberry,
Whortleberry,
New Jersey blueberry,
Southern blueberry,
Bleuet en corymbe
Native,
Secure
Vaccinium corymbosum a1.jpg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ARS ITIS
FNA 


Images, wsp
 Michx.
Velvetleaf huckleberry,
Velvet-leaved huckleberry,
Sour-top blueberry
Native,
Secure
Vaccinium myrtilloides berries.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngVaccinium myrtilloides BB-1913.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ARS 



Images, wsp
 Aiton (1789)
Early lowbush blueberry,
Late lowbush blueberry,
Blue Ridge blueberry,
Hillside blueberry
Native,
Secure
Vaccinium pallidum - Blue Ridge Blueberry.jpg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ARS 
FNA 


Images, wsp
Aiton (1789)

V. brittonii Porter ex Bickn.
V. lamarckii Camp
V. nigrum (Alph.Wood) Britton
Lowbush blueberry,
Low sweet blueberry,
Late sweet blueberry,
Sweet-hurts,
Bleuet à feuilles étroites
Native,
Secure
Vaccinium angustifolium0.jpg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ARS ITIS
FNA 


Images, wsp
I.V.Hall & Aalders (1961)
Northern blueberry,
High-mountain blueberry,
Sweet hurts,
Bleuet boréal
Native,
Threatened,
NYNHP: 2[1]
NYFA-2
USDA-NN

ARS ITIS
FNA 


Images, wsp
 Bickn. (pro sp.)
[ angustifolium × corymbosum ]
Atlantic huckleberry,
Hybrid lowbush blueberry
    & highbush blueberry
Native,
Unranked
NYFA-U
USDA-N0

ITIS



Images, wsp
Vaccinium sect. Vaccinium Blueberry N.Y. Status Images Distribution 11
 L. (1753)
Alpine blueberry,
Bog blueberry,
Bog bilberry,
Bog whortleberry,
Northern bilberry,
Airelle de marécages
Native,
Rare
NYFA-3
USDA-NN

ARS ITIS
FNA 


Images, wsp
Vaccinium sect. Myrtillus Dwarf blueberry N.Y. Status Images Distribution 11
 Michx. (1803)

V. arbuscula (A.Gray) Merriam
V. nivictum Camp
V. caespitosum Michx.
V. paludicola Camp
V. geminiflorum Kunth
Dwarf bilberry,
Dwarf blueberry,
Airelle gazonnante
Native,
Endangered
Vaccinium caespitosum 3-eheep (5098011952).jpg
NYFA-1
USDA-NN

ARS ITIS
FNA 


Images, wsp
Vaccinium sect. Oxycoccus Cranberry N.Y. Status Images Distribution 11
 Aiton (1789)

Oxycoccus macrocarpus
Cranberry,
Large cranberry,
American cranberry,
Canneberge à gros fruits,
Ronce d'Amérique
Native,
Secure
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ARS ITIS
FNA 


Images, wsp
 L. (1753)
Cranberry,
Small cranberry,
European cranberry,
Canneberge commune
Native,
Secure,
(circumboreal)
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ARS ITIS
FNA 


Images, wsp
Vaccinium sect. Polycodium Deerberry N.Y. Status Images Distribution 11
 L. (1753)
Deerberry,
Southern-gooseberry
Native,
Secure
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ARS ITIS
FNA 


Images, wsp