Flora of New York/Crossosomatales, Sapindales

From Wikibooks, open books for an open world
Jump to: navigation, search

Myrtales
Flora of New York: Crossosomatales, Sapindales
Malvales
Table of
contents
Genus
index
Protected species index Invasive species index


Order Crossosomatales[edit]

The Crossosomatales Takht. ex Reveal (1993) is a small order that has a single native species in New York.

Family Staphyleaceae[edit]

The Staphyleaceae (bladdernut family) ... [f 1]

Staphyleaceae
Staphylea Bladdernut N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.

1753. Staphylea trifolia  L.
1766. Staphylodendron trifoliatum  Crantz
American bladdernut,
Bladder nut

Staphylier à trois folioles,
Staphylier trifolié
Native,
Secure
Staphylea trifolia SCA-3464.jpg
Staphylea trifolia nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.


Images, wsp

Order Sapindales[edit]

The order Sapindales

Family Anacardiaceae[edit]

The Anacardiaceae (cashew or sumac family) ...[f 2]

Subfamily Spondiadoideae[edit]

Tribe Rhoeae[edit]

This tribe contains the sumac trees (in genus Rhus), which are all beneficial New York natives. However, the Chinese sumac or tree-of-heaven (Ailanthus altissima) in the Simaroubaceae (quassia family, below) is a potentially invasive non-native.

The Rhoeae tribe also contains the native, but not usually welcome, trio of poison ivy, poison oak, and poison sumac in the genus Toxicodendron. All of these produce the resin urushiol which can cause severe skin and mucous-membrane irritation in humans.

Genus Rhus[edit]
Anacardiaceaesubfam. Spondiadoideaetribe Rhoeaegenus Rhus
Rhus Sumac N.Y. Status Images Distribution 5
 L. (1753)

Rhus hirta (L.) Sudw.
Staghorn sumac Native,
Secure
Rhus typhina NRCS-1.jpg
Rhus typhina NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
 Aiton (1789)
Fragrant sumac Native,
Secure
Rhus aromatica (R. trilobata) (5006727674).jpg
Rhus aromatica NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ARS ITIS



Images, wsp
 L. (1753)
Winged sumac Native,
Secure
Winged Sumac Berries.jpg
Rhus copallinum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
 L. (1753)
Smooth sumac Native,
Secure
Smooth Sumac (2997144036).jpg
Rhus glabra NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ITIS



Images, wsp
 Greene (pro sp.)
[ glabra × typhina ]

Rhus glabra var. borealis Britton
Rhus pulvinata Greene
Rhus × borealis (Britton) Greene
Hybrid sumac,
Northern sumac,
Pulvinate sumac
Native,
Threatened
Rhus glabra.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngRhus typhina sables-bracheux-beauvais 60 20062008 4.jpg
Rhus × pulvinata NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-2?
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
Genus Toxicodendron[edit]
Anacardiaceaesubfam. Spondiadoideaetribe Rhoeaegenus Toxicodendron
Toxicodendron Poison ivy N.Y. Status Images Distribution 4
 (L.) Kuntze
ssp. radicans

Rhus radicans L.
T. vulgare Mill.
Eastern poison ivy Native,
Secure
Toxicodendron radicans, leaves.jpg
Toxicodendron radicans ssp radicans nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
 (L.) Kuntze
ssp. negundo

T. radicans var. negundo
Eastern poison ivy Native,
Unranked
Toxicodendron radicans.jpg
Toxicodendron radicans ssp negundo nymap.svg
NYFA-U
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
 (L.) Kuntze
Poison sumac Native,
Likely secure
Toxicodendron vernix autumn.jpg
Toxicodendron vernix nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN

ITIS



Images, wsp
(Small ex Rydb.) Greene
Northern poison oak,
Rydberg's poison ivy,
Western poison ivy
Native,
Vulnerable
Toxicodendron rydbergii UGA1208036.jpg
Toxicodendron rydbergii nymap.svg
NYFA-3?
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
Genus Cotinus[edit]
Anacardiaceaesubfam. Spondiadoideaetribe Rhoeaegenus Cotinus
Cotinus Smoke tree N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 Scop.

1753. Rhus cotinus  L.
1771. Cotinus coggygria  Scop.
1891. Cotinus cotinus  Sarg.
Smoketree,
Smokebush,
Venetian sumac,
Wigtree
Introduced from
 Eurasia
Cotinus coggygria5.jpg
Cotinus coggygria nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS 
Trop.


Images, wsp
 Raf.

1840. Cotinus obovatus  Raf.
1849. Cotinus americanus  Nutt.
1859. Rhus cotinoides  Nutt. ex J.G.Cooper
1892. Rhus americana  Sudw.
1894. Cotinus cotinoides  Britton
American smoketree,
Chittamwood
Introduced from
 US South,
N. America native,
Cultivated in NY,
Not naturalized

Perennial,
Tree, shrub
Cotinus obovatus 1116006 4x3.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-0
USDA-N0
NEW 
ARS ITIS
Trop.
NSE BNA 

Images, wsp

Family Hippocastanaceae[edit]

The Hippocastanaceae (horse chestnut or buckeye family) ... [1] Note that horse chestnuts are not closely related to Castanea (chestnuts), which are in the Fagaceae with Quercus (oak) and Fagus (beech).

Hippocastanaceae
Aesculus Buckeye N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 Willd.
var. glabra
Ohio buckeye Introduced,
Midwest native,
CP-5[2]
Ohio buckeye aesculus glabra.jpg
Aesculus glabra var glabra NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-NN
NEW 


NSE BNA 

Images, wsp
Horse chestnut Introduced from
 S.E. Europe,
Invasive,
CP-5[2],
WW
Sapindales - Aesculus hippocastanum 2.jpg
Aesculus hippocastanum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW 


NSE BNA 

Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Aesculus pavia  L.
Red buckeye

Pavier rouge
Introduced from
 US South,
No specimens,
Cultivated
Aesculus pavia - United States Botanic Garden - DSC09463.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-0
USDA-NX

ARS 

NSE BNA 

Images, wsp
 Walter

1788. Aesculus parviflora  Walter
(=)
Bottlebrush buckeye

Pavier blanc
Introduced from
 US South,
No specimens,
Cultivated

Perennial,
Shrub-tree
Aesculus parviflora 1-OB9.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-0
USDA-N0
NEW-0
ARS 

NSE BNA 

Images, wsp
  1. Hippocastanaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.
  2. a b Appendix 5. Plant species of concern (Watch List) within the central Finger Lakes region. Policy on the use of non-native plants in Cornell Plantations' accessioned collections (2009)

Family Aceraceae[edit]

The Aceraceae (maple family) ... [f 3]

Genus Acer[edit]

The genus Acer is represented by about fifteen native or naturalized species in New York. These species are here separated into sections following de Jong (2002).[1] These sections are further organized into three tables corresponding to the three clusters described by Grimm et. al. (2006).[2]

Platanoid sections[edit]
Aceraceaegenus Acersubsect. ''Platanoid sections
Acer sect. Macrantha Snakebark maple N.Y. Status Images Distribution 15
 L.

1753. Acer pensylvanicum  L.
1755. Acer canadense  Duhamel
1771. Acer striatum  Du Roi
Striped maple,
Green-striped maple,
Moosewood,
Whistlewood,
Goosefoot maple,
Pennsylvania maple

Èrable de Pennsylvanie
Native,
Secure
Acer pensylvanicum JPG1L.jpg
Acer pensylvanicum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS 
Trop.


Images, wsp
Acer sect. Platanoidea Maple N.Y. Status Images Distribution 15
Norway maple Introduced,
Very highly invasive,
NYIS: 82%[3],
Regulated[4],
CP-2[5] NE-1[6]
Spitz-Ahorn(mbo).jpg
Acer platanoides nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
Hedge maple,
Field maple
Introduced,
Moderately invasive,
CP-3[7]
Acer-campestre.JPG
Acer campestre nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-X





Images, wsp
  1. P. C. de Jong, 2002. World maple diversity, pp.2–11, in: Wiegrefe, S. J., H. Angus, D. Otis, and P. Gregorey (eds.). Proceedings of the 2002 International Maple Symposium held at Westonbirt Arboretum and the Royal Agricultural College in Gloucestershire, England.
  2. Guido W. Grimm, Susanne S. Renner, Alexandros Stamatakis & Vera Hemleben, 2006. A Nuclear Ribosomal DNA Phylogeny of Acer Inferred with Maximum Likelihood, Splits Graphs, and Motif Analysis of 606 Sequences.
  3. New York non-native plant invasiveness assessmentAcer platanoides: Very high (82).
  4. New York State Department of Environmental Conservation Proposed Regulation 6 NYCRR Part 575 Prohibited and Regulated Invasive Species
  5. Appendix 2. Plant species that are considered highly invasive to natural areas in the central Finger Lakes region. Policy on the use of non-native plants in Cornell Plantations' accessioned collections (2009)
  6. Category 1 Plants - highly invasive - Eastern Region invasive plants, ranked by degree of invasiveness as based on information from States (1998) US Forest Service
  7. Appendix 3. Plant species that are considered moderately to highly invasive to natural areas in the central Finger Lakes region. Policy on the use of non-native plants in Cornell Plantations' accessioned collections (2009)
Palmatoid sections[edit]
Aceraceaegenus Acersubsect. ''Palmatoid sections
Acer sect. Spicata Maple N.Y. Status Images Distribution 15
 Lam.

1771. Acer pensylvanicum  Du Roi, non L.
1784. Acer parviflorum  Ehrh., non Franch. & Sav.
1786. Acer spicatum  Lam.
1811. Acer montanum  W.T.Aiton, non Lam.
Mountain maple,
Moose maple,
White maple

Érable à épis,
Érable bâtard,
Plaine bâtarde,
Plaine bleue
Native,
Likely secure
Acer spicatum flowers.jpg
Acer spicatum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4-5
USDA-NN
NEW 
ARS ITIS
Trop.


Images, wsp
Acer sect. Negundo Maple N.Y. Status Images Distribution 15
 L.
var. negundo

1753. Acer negundo  L.
1794. Negundo aceroides  (L.) Moench
1882. Negundo negundo  (L.) Karst. nom. inval.
Box-elder,
Manitoba maple,
Ash-leaved maple

Érable à Giguère,
Érable négondo,
Érable argilière
Native,
Secure,
Note [1]
Acer negundo Bozeman 1.jpg
Acer negundo var negundo nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS 
Trop.


Images, wsp
 L.
var. violaceum (G.Kirchn.) H.Jaeger

1864. Negundo aceroides var. violaceum G.Kirchn.
1884. Acer negundo var. violaceum
1908. Acer violaceum  Simonk.
1982. N. aceroides ssp. violaceus W.A.Weber
Box elder Native,
Unranked
Acer negundo-78.JPG
Acer negundo var violaceum nymap.svg
NYFA-?
USDA-N0
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.

Note [2]
Images, wsp
Acer sect. Palmata Maple N.Y. Status Images Distribution 15
 Thunb.

1784. Acer palmatum  Thunb.
1867. Acer sanguineum  Carrière
Japanese maple Introduced,
Moderately invasive,
NYIS: 71%[3],
NE-4[4] VT
Acer-pseudoplatanus.JPG
Acer pseudoplatanus nymap.svg
NYFA-X





Images, wsp
Acer sect. Ginnala Maple N.Y. Status Images Distribution 15

Acer tatarica ssp. ginnala
Amur maple Introduced,
Moderately invasive,
NYIS: 66%[5]
Acer ginnala.jpg
Acer ginnala nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
  1. Acer negundo is thought to be native to only parts of the state, mainly in the south-central part. It is considered to be introduced elsewhere and may be weedy.
  2. VASCAN, citing FNA Ed. Comm., in prep. f., considers Acer negundo var. violaceum to be a synonym of Acer negundo.
  3. New York non-native plant invasiveness assessmentAcer pseudoplatanus: High (71).
  4. Category 4 Plants - local concern and monitoring - Eastern Region invasive plants, ranked by degree of invasiveness as based on information from States (1998) US Forest Service
  5. New York non-native plant invasiveness assessmentAcer ginnala: Moderate 66 (MCLH).

Family Sapindaceae[edit]

The Sapindaceae (soapberry family) ... [f 4]

Subfamily Sapindoideae[edit]

Tribe Koelreuterieae[edit]
Sapindaceaesubfam. Sapindoideaetribe Koelreuterieae
Koelreuteria Koelreuteria N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 Laxm.
Golden rain-tree Introduced,
Invasive in US South
Koelreuteria paniculata C.jpg
Koelreuteria paniculata nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-X0





Images, wsp
Tribe Paullinieae[edit]
Sapindaceaesubfam. Sapindoideaetribe Paullinieae
Cardiospermum Balloonvine N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
L. (1753)
Balloon vine,
Heart-pea,
Love in a puff
Introduced,
Noxious US South
Cardiospermum halicacabum 04.jpg
Cardiospermum halicacabum nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS 



Images, wsp

Family Rutaceae[edit]

The Rutaceae (rue or citrus family) ...

Subfamily Rutoideae[edit]

Rutaceaesubfam. Rutoideae
Ruta Rue N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.

1753. Ruta graveolens  L.
1770. Ruta hortensis  Mill.
Common rue,
Garden rue,
Herb-of-grace

Rue des jardins,
Rue officinale,
Rue fétide
Introduced from
 Europe
Ruta graveolens3.jpg
Ruta graveolens nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.


Images, wsp

Subfamily Toddalioideae[edit]

Rutaceaesubfam. Toddalioideae
Zanthoxylum Pricklyash N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 Mill.

1768. Zanthoxylum americanum  Mill.
1806. Zanthoxylum fraxinifolium  Willd.
1830. Thylax fraxineum  Raf.
Northern prickly-ash,
Common prickly-ash,
Toothachetree

Clavalier d'Amérique,
Frêne épineux
Native,
Secure
Zantthoxylum americanum.jpg
Zanthoxylum americanum nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.


Images, wsp
Ptelea Hoptree N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.
ssp. trifoliata

1753. Ptelea trifoliata  L.
1838. Ptelea baldwinii  Torr. & A.Gray
2001. Ptelea trifoliata var. baldwinii D.B.Ward
Common hoptree,
Wafer-ash,
Stinking ash,
Three-leaved hop tree

Ptéléa trifolié,
Orme de Samarie
Native,
Endangered
Ptelea trifoliata 20050808 002.jpg
Ptelea trifoliata ssp trifoliata nymap.svg
NYFA-1-2
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.


Images, wsp
Phellodendron Corktree N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 Rupr.

1857. Phellodendron amurense  Rupr.
1871. Phellodendron japonicum  Maxim.
1905. Phellodendron sachalinense  Sarg.
1909. Phellodendron lavallei  Dode
Amur corktree,
Chinese corktree

Phellodendron de l'Amour,
Arbre liège de Chine,
Phellodendron de Sibérie
Introduced from
 temperate Asia,
Highly invasive,
NYIS: 75%[1]
Phellodendron amurense 2.jpg
Phellodendron amurense nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.


Images, wsp
Dictamnus Dictamnus N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.

1753. Dictamnus albus  L.
1805. Dictamnus fraxinellus  Pers.
1840. Dictamnus fraxinellus var. caucasicus
1932. Dictamnus caucasicus  Grossh.
Gasplant,
Dittany,
Burningbush
Introduced from
 Eurasia
Dictamnus albus 250510.jpg
Dictamnus albus nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-X0





Images, wsp

Family Meliaceae[edit]

The Meliaceae (mahogany family)...

Subfamily Melioideae[edit]

Tribe Melieae[edit]
Meliaceasubfam. Melioideaetribe Melieae
Melia Melia N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
Chinaberry tree Introduced,
No specimens
Melia azedarach flower.JPG
Melia azedarach nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-X





Images, wsp

Family Simaroubaceae[edit]

The Simaroubaceae (quassia family) is represented by a single species persisting outside of cultivation in New York.

Tribe Ailantheae[edit]

Simaroubaceaetribe Ailantheae
Ailanthus Ailanthus N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(Mill.) Swingle (1916)

Ailanthus glandulosa Desf.
Tree-of-heaven,
Chinese sumac,
Varnish-tree,
Copa-tree

Vernis de la Chine
Introduced from
 China,
Highly invasive,
NYIS: 68%[1],
CP-2[2] NE-1[3],
PCA
Arbre à Sofia.jpg
Ailanthus altissima nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS ITIS



Images, wsp
  1. New York non-native plant invasiveness assessmentAilanthus altissima: Moderate (68).
  2. Appendix 2. Plant species that are considered highly invasive to natural areas in the central Finger Lakes region. Policy on the use of non-native plants in Cornell Plantations' accessioned collections (2009)
  3. Category 1 Plants - highly invasive - Eastern Region invasive plants, ranked by degree of invasiveness as based on information from States (1998) US Forest Service

References[edit]

  1. Staphyleaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.
  2. Anacardiaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.
  3. Aceraceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.
  4. Sapindaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.