Flora of New York/Crossosomatales, Sapindales

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Myrtales
Flora of New York: Crossosomatales, Sapindales
Malvales
Table of
contents
Genus
index
Protected species index Invasive species index


Order Crossosomatales[edit]

The Crossosomatales Takht. ex Reveal (1993) is a small order that has a single native species in New York.

Family Staphyleaceae[edit]

The Staphyleaceae (bladdernut family) ... [1]

Genus Staphylea[edit]

Staphyleaceaegenus Staphylea
Staphylea Bladdernut N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.

1753. Staphylea trifolia  L.
1766. Staphylodendron trifoliatum  Crantz
American bladdernut,
Bladder nut

Staphylier à trois folioles,
Staphylier trifolié
Native,
Secure
Staphylea trifolia SCA-3464.jpg
Staphylea trifolia nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.


Images, wsp
  1. Staphyleaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.

Order Sapindales[edit]

The order Sapindales

Family Anacardiaceae[edit]

The Anacardiaceae (cashew or sumac family) ...[1]

Subfamily Anacardioideae[edit]

Genus Rhus[edit]

Rhus contains the sumac trees, which are all beneficial New York natives. However, the Chinese sumac or tree-of-heaven (Ailanthus altissima) in the Simaroubaceae (quassia family, below) is a potentially invasive non-native.

Anacardiaceaesubfam. Anacardioideaetribe Rhoeaegenus Rhus
Rhus Sumac N.Y. Status Images Distribution 5
 L. (1753)

Rhus hirta (L.) Sudw.
Staghorn sumac Native,
Secure
Rhus typhina NRCS-1.jpg
Rhus typhina NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
 Aiton

1789. Rhus aromatica  Aiton
Fragrant sumac Native,
Secure
Rhus aromatica (R. trilobata) (5006727674).jpg
Rhus aromatica NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ARS ITIS



Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Rhus copallinum  L.
Winged sumac Native,
Secure
Winged Sumac Berries.jpg
Rhus copallinum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Rhus glabra  L.
Smooth sumac Native,
Secure
Smooth Sumac (2997144036).jpg
Rhus glabra NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ITIS



Images, wsp
 Greene (pro sp.)

Rhus glabra ×
Rhus typhina

Rhus glabra var. borealis Britton
Rhus pulvinata Greene
Rhus × borealis (Britton) Greene
Hybrid sumac,
Northern sumac,
Pulvinate sumac
Native,
Threatened
Rhus glabra.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngRhus typhina sables-bracheux-beauvais 60 20062008 4.jpg
Rhus × pulvinata NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-2?
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
  1. Anacardiaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.

Genus Toxicodendron[edit]

Toxicodendron contains the native, but not usually welcome, trio of poison ivy, poison oak, and poison sumac in the genus Toxicodendron. All of these produce the resin urushiol which can cause severe skin and mucous-membrane irritation in humans.

Anacardiaceaesubfam. Anacardioideaetribe Rhoeaegenus Toxicodendron
ToxicodendronMill. Poison ivy N.Y. Status Images Distribution 4
 (L.) Kuntze
ssp. radicans

1753. Rhus radicans  L.
1768. Toxicodendron vulgare  Mill.
1891. Toxicodendron radicans  Kuntze
1902. Rhus littoralis  Mearns
1924. R. radicans var. littoralis Deam
1941. R. radicans var. malacotrichocarpa
Eastern poison ivy Native,
Secure
Toxicodendron radicans, leaves.jpg
Toxicodendron radicans ssp radicans nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ARS ITIS
Trop.
NSE BNA 

Images, wsp
 (L.) Kuntze
ssp. negundo (Greene) Gillis

1905. Toxicodendron negundo  Greene
1971. T. radicans ssp. negundo Gillis
1990. T. radicans var. negundo Reveal
Eastern poison ivy Native,
Unranked
Toxicodendron radicans.jpg
Toxicodendron radicans ssp negundo nymap.svg
NYFA-U
USDA-NN


Trop.


Images, wsp
 (L.) Kuntze
Poison sumac Native,
Likely secure
Toxicodendron vernix autumn.jpg
Toxicodendron vernix nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN

ITIS



Images, wsp
(Small ex Rydb.) Greene

1900. Rhus rydbergii  Small ex Rydb
1905. Toxicodendron rydbergii  Greene
1927. Rhus toxicodendron var. rydbergii Garrett
1939. Rhus radicans var. rydbergii Rehder
1961. T. radicans var. rydbergii Erskine
1981. Rhus radicans ssp. rydbergii McNeill
1982. T. radicans ssp. rydbergii Á.& D. Löve
Northern poison oak,
Rydberg's poison ivy,
Western poison ivy

Herbe à puce de Rydberg,
Sumac de Rydberg
Native,
Vulnerable
Toxicodendron rydbergii UGA1208036.jpg
Toxicodendron rydbergii nymap.svg
NYFA-3?
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS 
Trop.
NSE BNA 

Images, wsp

Genus Cotinus[edit]

Anacardiaceaesubfam. Anacardioideaetribe Rhoeaegenus Cotinus
Cotinus Smoke tree N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 Scop.

1753. Rhus cotinus  L.
1771. Cotinus coggygria  Scop.
1891. Cotinus cotinus  Sarg.
Smoketree,
Smokebush,
Venetian sumac,
Wigtree
Introduced from
 Eurasia
Cotinus coggygria5.jpg
Cotinus coggygria nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS 
Trop.


Images, wsp
 Raf.

1840. Cotinus obovatus  Raf.
1849. Cotinus americanus  Nutt.
1859. Rhus cotinoides  Nutt. ex J.G.Cooper
1892. Rhus americana  Sudw.
1894. Cotinus cotinoides  Britton
American smoketree,
Chittamwood
Introduced from
 US South,
N. America native,
Cultivated in NY,
Not naturalized

Perennial,
Tree, shrub
Cotinus obovatus 1116006 4x3.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-0
USDA-N0
NEW 
ARS ITIS
Trop.
NSE BNA 

Images, wsp

Family Sapindaceae[edit]

The Sapindaceae (soapberry family) ... [1]

Subfamily Hippocastanoideae[edit]

Tribe Acereae[edit]

Genus Acer[edit]

The genus Acer is represented by about fifteen native or naturalized species in New York. These species are here separated into sections following de Jong (2002).[2] These sections are further organized into three tables corresponding to the three clusters described by Grimm et. al. (2006).[3]

Platanoid sections[edit]
Sapindaceaesubfam. Hippocastanoideaetribe Acereaegenus AcerPlatanoid sections
Acer sect. Macrantha Snakebark maple N.Y. Status Images Distribution 15
 L.

1753. Acer pensylvanicum  L.
1755. Acer canadense  Duhamel
1771. Acer striatum  Du Roi
Striped maple,
Green-striped maple,
Moosewood,
Whistlewood,
Goosefoot maple,
Pennsylvania maple

Èrable de Pennsylvanie
Native,
Secure
Acer pensylvanicum JPG1L.jpg
Acer pensylvanicum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS 
Trop.


Images, wsp
Acer sect. Platanoidea Maple N.Y. Status Images Distribution 15

(=)
Norway maple Introduced,
Very highly invasive,
NYIS: 82%[4],
Regulated[5],
CP-2[6] NE-1[7]
Spitz-Ahorn(mbo).jpg
Acer platanoides nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
Hedge maple,
Field maple
Introduced,
Moderately invasive,
CP-3[8]
Acer-campestre.JPG
Acer campestre nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-X





Images, wsp
  1. Sapindaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.
  2. P. C. de Jong, 2002. World maple diversity, pp.2–11, in: Wiegrefe, S. J., H. Angus, D. Otis, and P. Gregorey (eds.). Proceedings of the 2002 International Maple Symposium held at Westonbirt Arboretum and the Royal Agricultural College in Gloucestershire, England.
  3. Guido W. Grimm, Susanne S. Renner, Alexandros Stamatakis & Vera Hemleben, 2006. A Nuclear Ribosomal DNA Phylogeny of Acer Inferred with Maximum Likelihood, Splits Graphs, and Motif Analysis of 606 Sequences.
  4. New York non-native plant invasiveness assessmentAcer platanoides: Very high (82).
  5. New York State Department of Environmental Conservation Proposed Regulation 6 NYCRR Part 575 Prohibited and Regulated Invasive Species
  6. Appendix 2. Plant species that are considered highly invasive to natural areas in the central Finger Lakes region. Policy on the use of non-native plants in Cornell Plantations' accessioned collections (2009)
  7. Category 1 Plants - highly invasive - Eastern Region invasive plants, ranked by degree of invasiveness as based on information from States (1998) US Forest Service
  8. Appendix 3. Plant species that are considered moderately to highly invasive to natural areas in the central Finger Lakes region. Policy on the use of non-native plants in Cornell Plantations' accessioned collections (2009)
Palmatoid sections[edit]
Sapindaceaesubfam. Hippocastanoideaetribe Acereaegenus AcerPalmatoid sections
Acer sect. Spicata Maple N.Y. Status Images Distribution 15
 Lam.

1771. Acer pensylvanicum  Du Roi
1784. Acer parviflorum  Ehrh.
1786. Acer spicatum  Lam.
1811. Acer montanum  W.T.Aiton
Mountain maple,
Moose maple,
White maple

Érable à épis,
Érable bâtard,
Plaine bâtarde,
Plaine bleue
Native,
Likely secure
Acer spicatum flowers.jpg
Acer spicatum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4-5
USDA-NN
NEW 
ARS ITIS
Trop.


Images, wsp
Acer sect. Negundo Maple N.Y. Status Images Distribution 15
 L.
var. negundo

1753. Acer negundo  L.
1794. Negundo aceroides  (L.) Moench
1882. Negundo negundo  (L.) Karst.
Box-elder,
Manitoba maple,
Ash-leaved maple

Érable à Giguère,
Érable négondo,
Érable argilière
Native,
Secure,
Note [1]
Acer negundo Bozeman 1.jpg
Acer negundo var negundo nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS 
Trop.


Images, wsp
 L.
var. violaceum (G.Kirchn.) H.Jaeger

1864. N. aceroides var. violaceum
1884. Acer negundo var. violaceum
1908. Acer violaceum  Simonk.
1982. Negundo aceroides
   ssp.
violaceus W.A.Weber
Box elder Native,
Unranked,
Note: [2]
Acer negundo-78.JPG
Acer negundo var violaceum nymap.svg
NYFA-?
USDA-N0
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.


Images, wsp
Acer sect. Palmata Maple N.Y. Status Images Distribution 15
 Thunb.

1784. Acer palmatum  Thunb.
1867. Acer sanguineum  Carrière
Japanese maple Introduced,
Moderately invasive,
NYIS: 50%[3],
NE-4[4] VT
Acer palmatum0.jpg
Acer palmatum nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW 
ARS ITIS



Images, wsp
  1. Acer negundo is thought to be native to only parts of the state, mainly in the south-central part. It is considered to be introduced elsewhere and may be weedy.
  2. VASCAN, citing FNA Ed. Comm., in prep. f., considers Acer negundo var. violaceum to be a synonym of Acer negundo.
  3. New York non-native plant invasiveness assessmentAcer palmatum: Moderate (50%).
  4. Category 4 Plants - local concern and monitoring - Eastern Region invasive plants, ranked by degree of invasiveness as based on information from States (1998) US Forest Service
Aceroid sections[edit]
Sapindaceaesubfam. Hippocastanoideaetribe Acereaegenus AcerAceroid sections
Acer sect. Rubra Maple N.Y. Status Images Distribution 15
 L.

1753. Acer saccharinum  L.
1789. Acer dasycarpum  Ehrh.
1803. Acer eriocarpum  Michx.
1881. Acer album  hort. ex G. Nicholson
1933. Argentacer saccharinum  Small
Silver maple,
Soft maple,
White maple,
River maple

Érable argenté,
Érable blanc,
Plaine blanche
Native,
Secure

Perennial,
Tree
0 Acer saccharinum - Tervueren.JPG
Acer saccharinum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.


Images, wsp
var. rubrum

(=)
Red maple Native,
Secure
Acer rubrum 002.jpg
Acer rubrum var rubrum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5





Images, wsp
var. trilobum

(=)
Red maple Native,
Vulnerable
Acer rubrum inflorescence 06.JPG
Acer rubrum var trilobum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-3-4





Images, wsp

Acer rubrum ×
Acer saccharinum

(=)
Freeman maple,
Soft maple
Native,
Threatened
Autumn Blaze Maple Foliage.jpg
Acer × freemanii NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-2





Images, wsp
Acer sect. Acer Maple N.Y. Status Images Distribution 15

Acer saccharum ssp. nigrum
Acer saccharum var. nigrum
Acer saccharum var. viride
Saccharodendron nigrum
Black maple Native,
Secure
Acer nigrum leaves.png
Acer nigrum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
var. saccharum
Sugar maple Native,
Secure
Acer saccharum leaves.jpg
Acer saccharum var saccharum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5





Images, wsp

(=)
Sycamore maple Introduced,
Highly invasive,
NYIS: 71%[1],
Prohibited[2]
Acer-pseudoplatanus.JPG
Acer pseudoplatanus nymap.svg
NYFA-X





Images, wsp
Acer sect. Ginnala Maple N.Y. Status Images Distribution 15

(=) Acer tatarica ssp. ginnala
Amur maple Introduced,
Moderately invasive,
NYIS: 66%[3],
CP-3[4] NE-4[5],
WW
Acer ginnala.jpg
Acer ginnala nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp

Tribe Hippocastaneae[edit]

Genus Aesculus[edit]

Sometimes included their own Hippocastanaceae (horse chestnut or buckeye family),[1] horse chestnuts are not closely related to Castanea (chestnuts), which are in the Fagaceae with Quercus (oak) and Fagus (beech).

Sapindaceaesubfam. Hippocastanoideaetribe Hippocastaneaegenus Aesculus
Aesculus Buckeye N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 Willd.
var. glabra
Ohio buckeye Introduced,
Midwest native,
CP-5[2]
Ohio buckeye aesculus glabra.jpg
Aesculus glabra var glabra NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-NN
NEW 


NSE BNA 

Images, wsp
Horse chestnut Introduced from
 S.E. Europe,
Invasive,
CP-5[2],
WW
Sapindales - Aesculus hippocastanum 2.jpg
Aesculus hippocastanum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW 


NSE BNA 

Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Aesculus pavia  L.
Red buckeye

Pavier rouge
Introduced from
 US South,
No specimens,
Cultivated
Aesculus pavia - United States Botanic Garden - DSC09463.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-0
USDA-NX

ARS 

NSE BNA 

Images, wsp
 Walter

1788. Aesculus parviflora  Walter
(=)
Bottlebrush buckeye

Pavier blanc
Introduced from
 US South,
No specimens,
Cultivated

Perennial,
Shrub-tree
Aesculus parviflora 1-OB9.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-0
USDA-N0
NEW-0
ARS 

NSE BNA 

Images, wsp
  1. Hippocastanaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.
  2. a b Appendix 5. Plant species of concern (Watch List) within the central Finger Lakes region. Policy on the use of non-native plants in Cornell Plantations' accessioned collections (2009)

Subfamily Sapindoideae[edit]

Tribe Koelreuterieae[edit]

Genus Koelreuterieae[edit]
Sapindaceaesubfam. Sapindoideaetribe Koelreuterieaegenus Koelreuteria
Koelreuteria Koelreuteria N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 Laxm.
Golden rain-tree Introduced,
Invasive in US South
Koelreuteria paniculata C.jpg
Koelreuteria paniculata nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-X0





Images, wsp

Tribe Paullinieae[edit]

Genus Cardiospermum[edit]
Sapindaceaesubfam. Sapindoideaetribe Paullinieaegenus Cardiospermum
Cardiospermum Balloonvine N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
L. (1753)
Balloon vine,
Heart-pea,
Love in a puff
Introduced,
Noxious US South
Cardiospermum halicacabum 04.jpg
Cardiospermum halicacabum nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS 



Images, wsp

Family Simaroubaceae[edit]

The Simaroubaceae (quassia family) is represented by a single species persisting outside of cultivation in New York.

Tribe Ailantheae[edit]

Genus Ailanthus[edit]

Simaroubaceaetribe Ailantheaegenus Ailanthus
AilanthusDesf. Ailanthus N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(Mill.) Swingle (1916)

Ailanthus glandulosa Desf.
Tree-of-heaven,
Chinese sumac,
Varnish-tree,
Copa-tree

Vernis de la Chine
Introduced from
 temperate China,
Highly invasive,
NYIS: 68%[1],
CP-2[2] NE-1[3],
PCA
Arbre à Sofia.jpg
Ailanthus altissima nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS ITIS



Images, wsp
  1. New York non-native plant invasiveness assessmentAilanthus altissima: Moderate (68).
  2. Appendix 2. Plant species that are considered highly invasive to natural areas in the central Finger Lakes region. Policy on the use of non-native plants in Cornell Plantations' accessioned collections (2009)
  3. Category 1 Plants - highly invasive - Eastern Region invasive plants, ranked by degree of invasiveness as based on information from States (1998) US Forest Service

Family Rutaceae[edit]

The Rutaceae (rue or citrus family) ...

Subfamily Rutoideae[edit]

Genus Ruta[edit]

Rutaceaesubfam. Rutoideaegenus Ruta
Ruta Rue N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.

1753. Ruta graveolens  L.
1770. Ruta hortensis  Mill.
Common rue,
Garden rue,
Herb-of-grace

Rue des jardins,
Rue officinale,
Rue fétide
Introduced from
 Europe
Ruta graveolens3.jpg
Ruta graveolens nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.


Images, wsp

Subfamily Toddalioideae[edit]

Genus Zanthoxylum[edit]

Rutaceaesubfam. Toddalioideaegenus Zanthoxylum
Zanthoxylum Pricklyash N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 Mill.

1768. Zanthoxylum americanum  Mill.
1806. Zanthoxylum fraxinifolium  Willd.
1830. Thylax fraxineum  Raf.
Northern prickly-ash,
Common prickly-ash,
Toothachetree

Clavalier d'Amérique,
Frêne épineux
Native,
Secure
Zantthoxylum americanum.jpg
Zanthoxylum americanum nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.


Images, wsp
Ptelea Hoptree N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.
ssp. trifoliata

1753. Ptelea trifoliata  L.
1838. Ptelea baldwinii  Torr. & A.Gray
2001. Ptelea trifoliata var. baldwinii D.B.Ward
Common hoptree,
Wafer-ash,
Stinking ash,
Three-leaved hop tree

Ptéléa trifolié,
Orme de Samarie
Native,
Endangered
Ptelea trifoliata 20050808 002.jpg
Ptelea trifoliata ssp trifoliata nymap.svg
NYFA-1-2
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.


Images, wsp
Phellodendron Corktree N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 Rupr.

1857. Phellodendron amurense  Rupr.
1871. Phellodendron japonicum  Maxim.
1905. Phellodendron sachalinense  Sarg.
1909. Phellodendron lavallei  Dode
Amur corktree,
Chinese corktree

Phellodendron de l'Amour,
Arbre liège de Chine,
Phellodendron de Sibérie
Introduced from
 temperate Asia,
Highly invasive,
NYIS: 75%[1]
Phellodendron amurense 2.jpg
Phellodendron amurense nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.


Images, wsp
Dictamnus Dictamnus N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.

1753. Dictamnus albus  L.
1805. Dictamnus fraxinellus  Pers.
1840. Dictamnus fraxinellus var. caucasicus
1932. Dictamnus caucasicus  Grossh.
Gasplant,
Dittany,
Burningbush
Introduced from
 Eurasia
Dictamnus albus 250510.jpg
Dictamnus albus nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-X0





Images, wsp

Family Meliaceae[edit]

The Meliaceae (mahogany family)...

Subfamily Melioideae[edit]

Tribe Melieae[edit]

Genus Melia[edit]
Meliaceasubfam. Melioideaetribe Melieae
Melia Melia N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
Chinaberry tree Introduced,
No specimens
Melia azedarach flower.JPG
Melia azedarach nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-X





Images, wsp