Flora of New York/Rhamnaceae … Urticaceae

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Amygdaloideae 2
Flora of New York: Rhamnaceae … Urticaceae
Juglandales
Table of
contents
Genus
index
Protected species index Invasive species index


The first pair of Rosales families on this page (Rhamnaceae and Elaeagnaceae) contain several small trees and shrubs that are particularly invasive in many parts of New York. These include the autumn olive, Russian olive, common buckthorn, and glossy buckthorn.

Family Rhamnaceae[edit]

The Rhamnaceae (buckthorn family) in New York contains three species of native shrubs (two New Jersey tea and one buckthorn species). It also contains two highly invasive non-native buckthorns, both of which are proposed for prohibition in New York.[1][2]

Subfamily Rhamnoideae[edit]

Tribe Rhamneae[edit]

Rhamnaceaesubfam. Rhamnoideaetribe Rhamneae
Rhamnus Buckthorn N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 L’Hér.

1789. Rhamnus alnifolius  L’Hér.
1915. Apetlorhamnus alnifolia  Nieuwl.
Alder-leaved buckthorn,
American alder buckthorn,
Dwarf alder,
Swamp buckthorn

Nerprun à feuilles d'aulne,
Nerprun des marécages
Native,
Likely secure
Rhamnus alnifolia 5473175.jpg
Rhamnus alnifolia NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS



Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Rhamnus catharticus  L.
European buckthorn,
Common buckthorn,
Purging buckthorn,
European waythorn

Nerprun cathartique,
Nerprun purgatif,
Épine noire
Introduced from
 Eurasia, n. Africa,
Very highly invasive,
NYIS: 80%[3],
CP-2[4] NE-1[5],
Prohibited[6],
WW
Rhamnus cathartica 5456160.jpg
Rhamnus cathartica NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.


Images, wsp
 Pall.

1776. Rhamnus dauuricus  Pall.
1866. R. cathartica var. dahurica Maxim.
Dahurian buckthorn

Nerprun de Daourie
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
No specimens
Rhamnus davurica NRCS-01.jpg
NYFA-0
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.


Images, wsp
 Decne.

1857. Rhamnus utilis  Decne.
Chinese buckthorn

Vert de Chine
Introduced from
 Asia,
No specimens
Rhamnus utilis NRCS-01.jpg
NYFA-0
USDA-X0
NEW 
ARS ITIS
Trop.


Images, wsp
Frangula Glossy buckthorn N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 Mill.

1753. Rhamnus frangula  L.
1768. Frangula alnus  Mill.
Glossy buckthorn,
Glossy false buckthorn,
Smooth buckthorn,
Alder buckthorn
Introduced from
 Eurasia, n. Africa,
Highly invasive,
NYIS: 73%[7],
CP-2[4] NE-1[5],
Prohibited[6],
WW
Frangula alnus 2006-07-25.jpg
Frangula alnus NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW 




Images, wsp
  1. Rhamnaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.
  2. Rhamnaceae P. F. Stevens (2001 onwards). Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. Version 12, July 2012.
  3. New York non-native plant invasiveness assessmentRhamnus cathartica: Very High (80).
  4. a b Appendix 2. Plant species that are considered highly invasive to natural areas in the central Finger Lakes region. Policy on the use of non-native plants in Cornell Plantations' accessioned collections (2009)
  5. a b Category 1 Plants - highly invasive - Eastern Region invasive plants, ranked by degree of invasiveness as based on information from States (1998) US Forest Service
  6. a b New York State Department of Environmental Conservation Proposed Regulation 6 NYCRR Part 575 Prohibited and Regulated Invasive Species
  7. New York non-native plant invasiveness assessmentFrangula alnus: High (73).

Subfamily Ziziphoideae[edit]

Tribe Pomaderreae[edit]

Genus Ceanothus[edit]
Rhamnaceaesubfam. Ziziphoideaetribe Pomaderreaegenus Ceanothus
Ceanothus New Jersey tea N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2

(=) Ceanothus intermedius
New Jersey tea,
Indian tea,
Wild snowball,
Redroot,
Snowbrush,
Soapbloom,
Mountainsweet
Native,
Secure
Ceanothus americanus 2.jpg
Ceanothus americanus NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NNFS CS
NEW 




Images, wsp
Jersey tea,
Inland New Jersey tea,
Prairie redroot,
Grub root
Native,
Endangered
Ceanothus herbaceus (8932989532) 4x3.jpg
Ceanothus herbaceus NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-1
USDA-NN CS
NEW 




Images, wsp

Family Elaeagnaceae[edit]

The Elaeagnaceae (oleaster family)...[1]

Genus Shepherdia[edit]

Elaeagnaceaegenus Shepherdia
Shepherdia Buffalo berry N.Y. Status Images Distribution
Canada buffalo-berry,
Russet buffaloberry
Native,
Likely secure
Shepherdia canadensis (7996245315).jpg
Shepherdia canadensis NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW 




Images, wsp
 (Pursh) Nutt.

1813. Hippophae argentea  Pursh
1818. Shepherdia argentea  (Pursh) Nutt.
1890. Lepargyrea argentea  (Pursh) Greene
Silver buffalo-berry,
Silver buffaloberry
Introduced from
 w. N. America
SilverBuffaloberry-SK..jpg
Shepherdia argentea NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-NN

ARS 



Images, wsp
  1. Elaeagnaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.

Genus Elaeagnus[edit]

Elaeagnaceaegenus Elaeagnus
ElaeagnusHill Silver-berry N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
 Thunb.

1784. Elaeagnus umbellata  Thunb.
1784. Elaeagnus crispa  Thunb.
1836. Elaeagnus parvifolia  Wall. ex Royle
1909. E. umbellata var. parvifolia C.K.Schneid.
Autumn olive,
Autumn elaeagnus,
Spreading oleaster

Oléastre à ombelles,
Chalef en ombelles
Introduced,
Very highly invasive,
NYIS: 94%[1],
CP-2[2] NE-1[3]
Elaeagnus umbellata6.jpg
Elaeagnus umbellata nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS 



Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Elaeagnus angustifolia  L.
1767. Elaeagnus orientalis  L.
1808. Elaeagnus hortensis  M.Bieb.
1857. Elaeagnus moorcroftii  Wall.
1887. E. angustifolia var. orientalis Kuntze
Russian olive,
Russian elaeagnus,
Silver-berry,
Oleaster,
Trebizond-date

Olivier de Bohême
Introduced,
Moderately invasive,
NYIS: 68%[4],
CP-5[5] NE-1[3]
Elaeagnus angustifolia fleurs et feuilles.JPG
Elaeagnus angustifolia nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS ITIS



Images, wsp
 Thunb.

1784. Elaeagnus multiflora  Thunb.
1859. Elaeagnus longipes  A.Gray
Cherry silverberry,
Cherry elaeagnus

Goumi
Introduced
Elaeagnus multiflora1.jpg
Elaeagnus multiflora nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-X0
Can
ARS ITIS



Images, wsp
 Thunb.

1784. Elaeagnus pungens  Thunb.
1869. Elaeagnus simonii  Carrière
1949. E. pungens var. simonii Rehder
Thorny-olive,
Thorny elaeagnus,
Spiny oleaster
Introduced from
 China & Japan,
No NY reports
Eleagnuspungens.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-0
USDA-X0
NEW 
ARS ITIS



Images, wsp
 Bernh. ex Rydb.

1814. Elaeagnus argentea  Pursh nom. illeg.
1917. Elaeagnus commutata  Bernh. ex Rydb.
1955. Elaeagnus veteris-castelli  Lepage
Silverberry,
American silverberry,
Wolf-willow

Chalef argenté,
Chalef changeant
Introduced,
N. America native,
No NY reports
Elaeagnus commutata (7978706278).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-0
USDA-NN
Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.


Images, wsp
  1. New York non-native plant invasiveness assessmentElaeagnus umbellata: Very high (94). M.J.Jordan, G.Moore & T.W.Weldy (2008). Invasiveness ranking system for non-native plants of New York. Unpublished. The Nature Conservancy, Albany & Cold Spring Harbor, NY; Brooklyn Botanic Garden, Brooklyn, NY.
  2. Appendix 2. Plant species that are considered highly invasive to natural areas in the central Finger Lakes region. Policy on the use of non-native plants in Cornell Plantations' accessioned collections (2009)
  3. a b Category 1 Plants - highly invasive - Eastern Region invasive plants, ranked by degree of invasiveness as based on information from States (1998) US Forest Service
  4. New York non-native plant invasiveness assessmentElaeagnus angustifolia: Moderate (68).
  5. Appendix 5. Plant species of concern (Watch List) within the central Finger Lakes region. Policy on the use of non-native plants in Cornell Plantations' accessioned collections (2009)

Family Ulmaceae[edit]

The Ulmaceae (elm family)...[1]

Genus Ulmus[edit]

Ulmaceaegenus Ulmus
Ulmus Elm N.Y. Status Images Distribution 6
 L.

1753. Ulmus americana  L.
1860. Ulmus americana var. aspera Chapm.
1860. Ulmus floridana  Chapm.
1953. Ulmus americana var. floridana Little
American elm,
White elm

Orme d'Amérique,
Orme blanc
Native,
Secure
Ulmus americana (5101983801).jpg
Ulmus americana NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
SNA
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA 


Images, wsp
 Muhl.

1785. Ulmus americana  Marshall illeg. hom.
1788. Ulmus pubescens  Walter
1789. U. americana var. rubra (Muhl.) Aiton
1793. Ulmus rubra  Muhl.
1796. Ulmus pendula  Willd.
1803. Ulmus fulva  Michx.
1809. Ulmus crispa  Willd.
Slippery elm,
Red elm

Orme rouge,
Orme gras
Native,
Secure
Ulmus rubra flowers.jpg
Ulmus rubra NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
SNA
NEW Can
ARS 



Images, wsp
 Sarg.

1831. Ulmus racemosa  D.Thomas non Borkh.
1902. Ulmus thomasi(i)  Sarg.
Rock elm,
Cork elm,
Hickory elm

Orme liège,
Orme de Thomas
Native,
Threatened
Rock Elm, Leaves and Bark.jpg
Ulmus thomasii nymap.svg
NYFA-2-3
USDA-NN
SNA
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA 


Images, wsp
Siberian elm Introduced,
Moderately invasive,
NYIS: 53%[2],
CP-5[3]
Ulmus pumila (5107823814).jpg
Ulmus pumila nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW 




Images, wsp
 Huds.
Wych elm,
Scotch elm,
Broad-leaved elm
Introduced
Dağ karaağacı-yaprak.JPG
Ulmus glabra nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW 




Images, wsp
Smooth-leaved elm,
English elm,
English cork elm
Introduced from
 Europe, n. Africa
World Champion English elm.JPG
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW 
ARS 



Images, wsp
 Jacq.

1798. Ulmus parvifolia  Jacq.
1914. Ulmus sieboldii  Daveau
Lacebark elm,
Chinese elm
Introduced from
 Asia,
No specimens
Ulmus parvifolia 'Dynasty' - J. C. Raulston Arboretum - DSC06180.JPG
NYFA-0
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS 



Images, wsp
  1. Ulmaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.
  2. New York non-native plant invasiveness assessmentUlmus pumila: Moderate (53).
  3. Appendix 5. Plant species of concern (Watch List) within the central Finger Lakes region. Policy on the use of non-native plants in Cornell Plantations' accessioned collections (2009)

Family Cannabaceae[edit]

The Cannabaceae (hemp family)...[1]

Genus Celtis[edit]

Celtis (hackberry) was formerly included under Ulmaceae (above), but is now more likely to be included under Cannabaceae or in its own family.

Cannabaceaegenus Celtis
Celtis Hackberry N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.

1753. Celtis occidentalis  L.
1814. Celtis pumila  Pursh
American hackberry,
Common hackberry,
Northern hackberry,
Beaverwood,
Nettletree

Micocoulier occidental,
Bois inconnu
Native,
Likely secure
Celtis occidentalis 08837.jpg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW Can

FNA Trop.


Images, wsp
 Nutt.

1818. Celtis tenuifolia  Nutt.
1897. Celtis georgiana  Small
1919. C. pumila var. georgiana Sarg.
1964. C. occidentalis var. georgiana H.E.Ahles
1982. C. occidentalis ssp. georgiana A.E.Murray
Dwarf hackberry,
Upland hackberry,
Georgia hackberry

Micocoulier rabougri,
Micocoulier de Soper,
Micocoulier de Géorgie
Native,
No specimens
Celtis tenuifolia leaves.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-0
USDA-NN
Can
ARS 
FNA 


Images, wsp
  1. Cannabaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.

Genus Humulus[edit]

Cannabaceaegenus Humulus
Humulus Hops N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 L.

1753. Humulus lupulus  L.
Common hop,
Hops

Houblon,
Houblon grimpant
Native,
Secure,
NE5[1]
Hopfen1.jpg
NYFA-5
USDA-MM
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.


Images, wsp
 L.
var. lupuloides E.Small

1847. Humulus americanus  Nutt.
1978. H. lupulus var. lupuloides E.Small
1982. H. lupulus ssp. americanus Á.& D.Löve
American hop,
Common hop

Houblon lupuloïde
Native,
Unranked
Nymap.svg
NYFA-
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.


Images, wsp
 L.
var. pubescens E.Small

1978. H. lupulus var. pubescens E.Small
Common hop,
Pubescent hop
Native,
Unranked
Nymap.svg
NYFA-
USDA-

ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.


Images, wsp
 L.
var. lupulus

1753. Humulus lupulus  L.
European hop,
Common hop

Houblon commun
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 Morocco,
No specimens
Nymap.svg

USDA-
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.


Images, wsp
 Siebold & Zucc.

1790. Antidesma scandens  Lour.
1846. Humulus japonicus  Siebold & Zucc.
1935. Humulus scandens  (Lour.) Merr.
1988. Humulopsis scandens  (Lour.) Grudz.
Japanese hops,
Japanese hop

Houblon japonais
Introduced from
 eastern Asia,
Highly invasive,
NYIS: 74%[2],
NE4[3]
Humulus Japonicus 14OCT2007.jpg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW 

FNA Trop.


Images, wsp
  1. Category 5 Plants - native invasives - Eastern Region invasive plants, ranked by degree of invasiveness as based on information from States (1998) US Forest Service
  2. New York non-native plant invasiveness assessmentHumulus japonicus: High (74).
  3. Category 4 Plants - local concern and monitoring - Eastern Region invasive plants, ranked by degree of invasiveness as based on information from States (1998) US Forest Service

Genus Cannabis[edit]

Cannabaceaegenus Cannabis
Cannabis Hemp N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.

1753. Cannabis sativa  L.
1785. Cannabis indica  Lam.
1924. Cannabis ruderalis  Janisch.
1976. C. sativa ssp. indica E.Small & Cronquist
Hemp,
Marijuana,
Pot
Introduced from
 central Asia
Cannabis sativa2.jpg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW 
ARS ITIS
FNA 


Images, wsp

Family Moraceae[edit]

The Moraceae (mulberry or fig family)...[1]

Tribe Moreae[edit]

Moraceaetribe Moreae
Morus Mulberry N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 L. (1753)
Red mulberry Native,
Secure
Morus rubra NRCS-2.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
 L. (1753)

Morus tatarica
Russian mulberry,
Silkworm mulberry,
White mulberry
Introduced
Morus alba fruits.jpg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
Broussonetia Mulberry N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(L.) L'Hér. ex Vent.

Morus papyrifera L.
Papyrius papyriferus (L.) Kuntze
Paper mulberry Introduced
Broussonetia papyrifera - Botanischer Garten Freiburg - DSC06385.jpg
Broussonetia papyrifera NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
Fatoua Crabweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (Thunb.) Nakai (1827)

Urtica villosa Thunb.
Hairy crabweed,
Mulberry-weed
Introduced
Fatoua villosa 2007.07.15 14.37.23-p7150082.jpg

USDA-XX





Images, wsp
  1. Moraceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.

Tribe Maclureae[edit]

Genus Maclura[edit]

Maclura pomifera, osage-orange, is a shrub or small tree that has been widely cultivated throughout the continental U.S., but it is considered to be native only to southwestern Arkansas, southeastern Oklahoma, and Texas. It has been cultivated in New York, but only occasionally naturalizes.

Moraceaetribe Maclureaegenus Maclura
Maclura Maclura N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(Raf.) C.K.Schneid. (1906)
Osage-orange,
Hedge-apple,
Bow-wood
Introduced from
 TX, OK, AR,
N. America native

Perennial,
Shrub, tree
Maclura pomifera 003.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-NX

ARS ITIS
FNA 
NSE BNA 

Images, wsp

Tribe Ficeae[edit]

Genus Ficus[edit]

Moraceaetribe Ficeaegenus Ficus
Ficus Fig N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.

1753. Ficus carica  L.
Common fig,
Edible fig
Introduced,
Impersistent
Ficus carica jpg.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Xm
USDA-XX





Images, wsp

Family Urticaceae[edit]

The Urticaceae (nettle family)...[1]

Subfamily Urticoideae[edit]

Tribe Urticeae[edit]

Urticaceaesubfam. Urticoideaetribe Urticeae
Laportea Wood nettle N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (L.) Weddell
Canadian woodnettle,
Woodnettle
Native,
Secure
Gardenology.org-IMG 1442 bbg09.jpg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN


FNA 


Images, wsp
Urtica Nettle N.Y. Status Images Distribution 4
 L.
ssp. gracilis
American stinging nettle Native,
Secure
Urtica dioica (Blüten).jpg






Images, wsp
ssp. dioica
European stinging nettle Introduced
Kopiva.JPG






Images, wsp
 Pursh
Weak nettle,
Red nettle,
Heart-leaved nettle
Introduced,
US South native
Urtica chamaedryoides BB-1913.png
NYFA-X
USDA-N0





Images, wsp
 L.
Burning nettle,
Dog nettle
Introduced
Urtica urens 0.0 R.jpg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
  1. Urticaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.

Tribe Lecantheae[edit]

Urticaceaesubfam. Urticoideaetribe Lecantheae
Pilea Clearweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
 (Lunell) Rydb.
Clearweed,
Lesser clearweed,
Springs clearweed
Native,
Secure
Pilea pumila BB-1913.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
 (L.) A. Gray
Clearweed,
Canadian clearweed,
Coolwort,
Richweed
Native,
Secure
Pilea pumila01.jpg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
Pilea fontana × pumila
Hybrid clearweed Native,
Endangered
NYFA-1?





Images, wsp


Tribe Boehmerieae[edit]

Urticaceaesubfam. Urticoideaetribe Boehmerieae
Boehmeria False nettle N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (L.) Sw.
Bog hemp,
False nettle,
Smallspike false nettle
Native,
Secure
Boehmeria cylindrica NRCS-1.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngBoehmeria cylindrica BB-1913.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN





Images, wsp

Tribe Parietarieae[edit]

Urticaceaesubfam. Urticoideaetribe Parietarieae
Parietaria Pellitory N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
Pennsylvania pellitory Native,
Secure
Parietaria pensylvanica NRCS-1.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN


FNA 


Images, wsp
 L.

Parietaria diffusa
Spreading pellitory Introduced,
Impersistent
Parietaria judaica 001.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-X0


FNA 


Images, wsp