Flora of New York/Iridales, Typhales, Xyridales

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Orchidales
Flora of New York: Iridales, Typhales, Xyridales
Juncales 1
Table of
contents
Genus
index
Protected species index Invasive species index


Order Iridales[edit]

Family Iridaceae[edit]

The Iridaceae (iris family) ...

Subfamily Iridoideae[edit]

Tribe Irideae[edit]
Iris subgenus Limniris[edit]
Iridaceae – subfam. Iridoideae – tribe Irideae – genus Iris – subg. Limniris
Iris sect. Limniris Iris N.Y. Status Images Distribution 8
 L.

  Iris hookeri (2n=38) ×
  Iris virginica (2n=70) → 2n=104

1753. Iris versicolor  L.
1863. Xiphion versicolor  (L.) Alef.
2007. Limniris versicolor  (L.) Rodion.
Harlequin blueflag,
Larger blue flag,
Northern blue flag,
Hybrid
 Canada beachhead iris &
 Southern blueflag

Iris versicolore, Clajeux
Native,
Secure
Iris versicolor 3.jpg
Iris versicolor nymap.svg
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN
NEW Can
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Images
 Pursh

1814. Iris prismatica  Pursh
1840. Iris carolina  Radius ex Steud.
2007. Limniris prismatica  Rodion.
Slender blue flag,
Slender blue iris,
Cube iris,
Coastal iris
Native,
Threatened
Iris prismatica NRCS-4x3.jpg
Iris prismatica nymap.svg
NYFA-2
NRCS-NX
DEC-B[1]
NEW 
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Images
 L.

1753. Iris virginica  L.
1890. Iris caroliniana  S.Watson
1913. Iris georgiana  Britton
1927. Iris shrevei  Small
1936. Iris virginica var. shrevei
Southern blueflag,
Shreve's iris,
Virginia iris,
Iris de Virginie
Native,
Endangered
Iris virginica NRCS-4x3.jpg
Iris virginica nymap.svg
NYFA-1
NRCS-NN
DEC-A[2]
NEW 
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Images
 L. (1753)
var. smalliana Fernald (1947)

 (=) Neubeckia verna (L.) Small 
Dwarf iris,
Dwarf violet iris,
Upland violet iris,
Vernal iris
Introduced,
North America native
Iris verna 1392140.jpg
Iris verna var smalliana nymap.svg
NYFA-X
NRCS-N
USFS
POW

ARS ITIS
FNA 

Images
 L. (1753)
Siberian iris,
Iris de Sibérie
Introduced from
 Eurasia
Iris sibirica, The Hague, Netherlands - 20040527.jpg
Iris sibirica nymap.svg
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX
IPA

ARS ITIS
FNA 

Images
 L.

1753. Iris pseudacorus  L.
1789. Iris palustris  (L.) L.Gaterau n.s.
1817. Iris paludosa  Pers.
1852. Limnirion pseudacorus  (L.) Opiz
1866. Limniris pseudacorus  (L.) Fuss
Yellow iris,
Pale-yellow iris,
Yellow flag,
Yellow water iris

Iris faux-acore, Iris jaune,
Iris des marais, Fleur-de-lis
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa,
Highly invasive,
NYIS: 76%[3],
CP-3[4]
Iris pseudacorus 001.jpg
Iris pseudacorus nymap.svg

NYFA-X
NRCS-X
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Images
Iris sect. Lophiris Iris N.Y. Status Images Distribution 8
 Sol. ex Aiton

1789. Iris cristata  Sol. ex Aiton
1863. Neubeckia cristata  Alef.
1882. Evansia cristata  Klatt
1913. Iris cristata var. alba Dykes
Crested iris,
Dwarf crested iris
Introduced from
 southeast USA,
North America native
Iris cristata FWS-02.jpg
Iris cristata nymap.svg
NYFA-X
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Iris subgenus Iris[edit]
Iridaceae – subfam. Iridoideae – tribe Irideae – genus Iris – subg. Iris
Iris subg. Iris Iris N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 N.C.Hend.
[ I. pallida × I. variegata × I. … ]

1753. Iris germanica  L.
1753. Iris × germanica  L. (pro sp.)
1759. Iris florentina  L.
1993. Iris × conglomerata  N.C.Hend.
German iris,
Orris,
Tall bearded iris,
Flag, Flags

iris d'Allemagne,
iris bleu d'Allemagne
Introduced from
 e. Mediterranean,
Widely cultivated
Iris germanica 7923-1725-4x3.jpg
Iris × conglomerata nymap.svg
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX
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Iris subgenus Hermodactyloides[edit]
Iridaceae – subfam. Iridoideae – tribe Irideae – genus Iris – subg. Hermodactyloides
Iris subg. Hermodactyloides Iris N.Y. Status Images Distribution 8
 Mabberley & Goldblatt

1753. Epidendrum domesticum  L.
1753. Ixia chinensis  L.
1794. Belamcanda punctata  Moench
1797. non Iris chinensis  Curtis
1805. Belamcanda chinensis  (L.) DC.[1]
1891. Gemmingia chinensis  (L.) Kuntze
2005. Iris domestica  Mabberley & Goldblatt[2]
Blackberry lily,
Leopard flower,
Leopard lily,
Iris tigre
Introduced from
 temperate Asia
Belamcanda chinensis - Belamkanda chińska 01.jpg
Iris domestica nymap.svg
NYFA-X
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Tribe Sisyrinchieae[edit]
Iridaceae – subfam. Iridoideae – tribe Sisyrinchieae
SisyrinchiumL. 1753 Blue-eyed-grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 7
 Greene
var. montanum

1899-1. Sisyrinchium montanum  Greene
1899-7. S. heterocarpum  E.P.Bicknell
1899-8. S. alpestre  E.P.Bicknell
Strict blue-eyed grass,
Mountain blue-eyed grass,
Common blue-eyed grass,
Little blue-eyed grass

Bermudienne montagnarde,
Herbe aux yeux bleus
Native,
Secure
Sisyrinchium fls 03.JPG
Sisyrinchium montanum var montanum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN
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 Greene
var. crebrum Fernald

1946. S. montanum var. crebrum Fernald
1948. S. montanum ssp. crebrumBöcher
1949. S. bermudiana var. crebrum B.Boivin
 auct. Sisyrinchium angustifolium non Mill.
Brownish strict blue-eyed grass,
Strict blue-eyed grass,
Mountain blue-eyed grass

Bermudienne brunissante
Native,
Endangered
Montane blue-eyed grass (Whitefish I).JPG
Sisyrinchium montanum var crebrum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-1?
NRCS-NN
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 Mill.
 (=) S. bermudiana auct. non L.  
 (=) S. graminoides 
Narrow-leaved blue-eyed grass Native,
Secure
Sisyrinchium angustifolium04.jpg
Sisyrinchium angustifolium NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN
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Images
E.P.Bicknell

 (=) S. apiculatum 
 (=) S. mucronatum var. atlanticum 
Eastern blue-eyed grass Native,
Likely secure
Sisyrinchium atlanticum.jpg
Sisyrinchium atlanticum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4
NRCS-NN
NEW 



Images
E.P.Bicknell
 (=) S. arenicola  
 (=) S. farwellii 
 (=) S. incrustatum 
 (=) S. rufipes 
 (=) S. tenellum 
Coastal-plain blue-eyed grass Native,
Rare
Sisyrinchium fuscatum drawing 1.png
Sisyrinchium fuscatum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-3
NRCS-NN
NEW 



Images
Michaux's blue-eyed-grass,
Needletip blue-eyed grass
Native,
Endangered,
DEC-1[1]
Sisyrinchium-mucronatum.png
Sisyrinchium mucronatum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-1
NRCS-NN
NEW 



Images
 Raf.
 (=) S. asheianum  
 (=) S. bermudianum var. albidum 
 (=) S. floridanum 
 (=) S. hastile 
 (=) S. niveum 
 (=) S. scabrellum 
White blue-eyed grass Native,
Endangered
Sisyrinchium albidum NRCS-1.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngSisyrinchium albidum NRCS-2.jpg
Sisyrinchium albidum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-?
NRCS-NN
FNA[2]
NEW 



Images

Subfamily Crocoideae[edit]

Tribe Ixiae[edit]

Although there are no vouchered Crocus specimens listed from New York, these non-native species have appeared on the checklist of New York State plants.[1]

Iridaceae – subfam. Crocoideae – tribe Ixiae
Crocus Crocus N.Y. Status Images Distribution 4
 Weston
Cloth of gold Introduced,
No specimens
Crocus-angustifolius.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngNIEdot330.jpg
NYFA-X
NRCS-X0

ITIS


Images
Ten. (1826)
Early crocus,
Naples crocus
Introduced,
No specimens
Crocus imperati 'De Jager'.jpg
NYFA-X
NRCS-X0

ITIS


Images
J.Gay (1831)
Sieber's crocus,
Greek crocus
Introduced,
No specimens
Crocus sieberi Tricolor09.jpg
NYFA-X
NRCS-X0

ITIS


Images
 (L.) Hill ( 1765)
Dutch crocus,
Spring crocus
Introduced,
No specimens
Heuberg Krokus2.jpg
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX

ITIS


Images
  1. Mitchell, R.S. (ed.). 1986. A checklist of New York State plants. Contributions of a Flora of New York State, Checklist III. New York State Bulletin No. 458. New York State Museum, Albany.

Family Hemerocallidaceae[edit]

The Hemerocallidaceae[1] (or Xanthorrhoeaceae) family contains the non-native orange and yellow daylilies.

Submily Hemerocallidoideae[edit]

Tribe Hemerocallideae[edit]

Although the common form of the orange daylily Hemerocallis fulva is a seedless triploid and essentially sterile, it has persisted after, and escaped from cultivation so successfully using vegetative means such as root fragments, that it is considered invasive in much of the world, including New York. By contrast, the fertile diploid yellow daylily, Hemerocallis lilioasphodelus, though reportedly naturalized in some places, is not currently considered invasive.

Hemerocallidaceae – subfam. Hemerocallidoideae – tribe Hemerocallideae
Hemerocallis Daylily N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 L.

1753. H. lilioasphodelus var. fulvus L.
1762. Hemerocallis fulva  L.
1866. H. fulva var. kwanso Regel
1930. H. fulva var. rosea Stout
Orange daylily,
Tawny daylily,
Fulvous daylily

Hémérocalle fauve,
Lis d’un jour
Introduced from
 temperate Asia,
 India,
Invasive,
NYIS: 46%[2],
CP-3[3]
HemerocallisFulva1UME.jpg
Hemerocallis fulva nymap.svg
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX
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L. (1753)

 (=) H. flava (L.) L. (1762) 
 (=) H. lutea Gaertn. (1790) 
Yellow daylily,
Lemon-lily,
Lemon daylily
Introduced from
 Eurasia
Hemerocallis lilioasphodelus flower.jpg
Hemerocallis lilioasphodelus nymap.svg
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX

ARS ITIS
FNA 

Images

Family Alliaceae[edit]

The Alliaceae (onion family)...

Subfamily Allioideae[edit]

Allium subg. Anguinum[edit]
Amaryllidaceae – subfam. Allioideae – genus Allium – subg. Anguinum
Allium subg. Anguinum Onion N.Y. Status Images Distribution 14
 Aiton
var. tricoccum

1789. Allium tricoccum  Aiton
1808. Allium triflorum  Raf.
1822. Ophioscorodon tricoccum  (Aiton) Wallr.
1840. Aglitheis tricoccum  (Aiton) Raf.
1903. Validallium tricoccum  (Aiton) Small
Small white leek,
Wild leek,
Wood leek,
Ramp

Ail des bois,
Ail trilobé,
Ail sauvage
Native,
Secure
Wild leeks (Whitefish I) 2.JPGImg spacer 2x87.pngAllium tricoccum drawing.png
Allium tricoccum var tricoccum nymap.svg
NYFA-5
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FLNPS
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 Aiton
var. burdickii Hanes

1953. Allium tricoccum var. burdickii Hanes
1979. Allium burdickii  (Hanes) A.G.Jones
Narrow-leaf wild leek,
Burdick's wild leek,
Ramp

Ail de Burdick
Native,
Endangered,
No recent reports,
DEC-A[1]
Wild leeks (Whitefish I) 1.JPG
Allium tricoccum var burdickii nymap.svg
NYFA-Z
NRCS-NN
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Allium subg. Amerallium[edit]
Amaryllidaceae – subfam. Allioideae – genus Allium – subg. Amerallium
Allium subg. Amerallium Onion N.Y. Status Images Distribution 14
var. canadense
Meadow garlic,
Canadian garlic,
Wild onion
Native,
Secure
Allium canadense.jpg
Allium canadense var canadense NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN
FLNPS




Images
var. cernuum
Nodding onion Native,
Threatened
Allium cernuum 1.jpg
Allium cernuum var cernuum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-2
NRCS-NN
DEC-B[1]
FLNPS




Images
 Cirillo
Ail de Naples,
Neapolitan garlic,
White garlic
Introduced,
Old-World native
Allium neapolitanum03.jpg
Allium neapolitanum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-X0




Images
Allium subg. Cepa[edit]
Amaryllidaceae – subfam. Allioideae – genus Allium – subg. Cepa
Allium subg. Cepa Onion N.Y. Status Images Distribution 14
 L.
 (=) A. s. var. laurentianum  
 (=) A. s. var. sibiricum 
Wild chives Introduced,
N. America native,
Note[1]
Allium schoenoprasum in NH 01.jpg
Allium schoenoprasum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-NN


FNA 

Images
Garden onion,
Cultivated onion
Introduced
Zwiebelblueten offen geschlossen.jpg
Allium cepa NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-C0




Images
  1. USDA-NRCS PLANTS shows Allium schoenoprasum var. schoenoprasum as introduced in North America, but not present in NY. It shows var. sibiricum as native to North America, present in NY, and threatened in MI, MN, and NH. The New York Flora Atlas treats these varieties as cultivars and gives the species a state-exotic status. Flora of North America treats the species as a polymorphic North American native, with no reliable varietal separations.
Allium subg. Allium[edit]
Amaryllidaceae – subfam. Allioideae – genus Allium – subg. Allium
Allium subg. Allium Onion N.Y. Status Images Distribution 14
 L.
Broadleaf wild leek,
Broad-leaved wild leek
Introduced,
Impersistent
Allium ampeloprasum Inflorescencia 2011-05-22 SierraMadrona.jpg
Allium ampeloprasum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-X0




Images
 L.
 (=) A. ampeloprasum var. porrum  
Leek Introduced
Leek field in Italy 3.jpg
Allium porrum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-X0




Images
 L.
Wild garlic Introduced
Jazevčí 4 - Allium oleraceum.JPG
Allium oleraceum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-XW




Images
 L.
var. sativum
Garlic Introduced
Allium sativum harilik kyyslauk estonia.JPG
Allium sativum var sativum nymap.svg





Images
 L.
var. paniculatum
Mediterranean onion Introduced
Allium paniculatum Enfoque 2011-6-11 CampodeCalatrava.jpg
Allium paniculatum var paniculatum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-X0




Images
 L.
Round-head garlic Introduced
Czosnek główkowaty.JPG
NYFA-X




Images
 L.
Wild garlic,
Wild onion,
Onion-grass
Introduced,
Widespread weed
Allium vineale02.jpg
Allium vineale NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX
NE-3[1]




Images
  1. Category 3 Plants - widespread non-native species - Eastern Region invasive plants, ranked by degree of invasiveness as based on information from States (1998) US Forest Service

Family Amaryllidaceae[edit]

The Amaryllidaceae (amaryllis family)...

Tribe Narcisseae[edit]

Amaryllidaceae – tribe Narcisseae
Narcissus Daffodil N.Y. Status Images Distribution 4
 L
Jonquil,
Daffodil
Introduced
Narcissus jonquilla 3.jpg
Narcissus jonquilla NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-X0




Images
 L.
Poet’s narcissus,
Pheasant’s-eye narcissus,
Daffodil
Introduced
Flower of a Narcissus.jpg
Narcissus poeticus NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX




Images
L. 1753
Daffodil,
Common daffodil,
Trumpet narcissus
Introduced,
from Eurasia,
Macaronesia
20140226Narcissus pseudonarcissus2.jpg
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX

ARS ITIS
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Mill. (pro sp.)
[ poeticus × pseudonarcissus ]
Nonesuch daffodil Introduced
NYFA-X
NRCS-X0




Images

Tribe Galantheae[edit]

Amaryllidaceae – tribe Galantheae
Leucojum Snowflake N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L. 1759
Summer snowflake,
Loddon-lily
Introduced,
from Eurasia
Leucojum aestivum 2010 4×3.jpg
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX

ARS ITIS
FNA 

Images
Galanthus Snowdrop N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
Hook.f. 1875

1882. G. graecus  Orph. ex Boiss.
Giant snowdrop,
Greater snowdrop
Introduced,
from Eurasia
Weiße Blütenglocken.JPG
NYFA-X
NRCS-X0

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 L. 1753

1839. G. imperati  Bertol.
1888. G. nivalis ssp. imperati Baker
Snowdrop,
Common snowdrop

Perceneige
Introduced,
from Eurasia
Snieguole resize.jpg
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX

ARS ITIS
FNA 

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Family Hyacinthaceae[edit]

Subfamily Ornithogaloideae[edit]

Tribe Ornithogaleae[edit]
Hyacinthaceae – subfam. Ornithogaloideae – tribe Ornithogaleae
Ornithogalum Star of Bethlehem N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 L. (1753)
Drooping star-of-Bethlehem,
Nodding star-of-Bethlehem
Introduced,
Eurasia native
Ornithogalum nutans bloemen.jpg
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX

ARS ITIS
FNA 

Images
 L. (1753)
Common star-of-Bethlehem,
Pyrenees Star of Bethlehem,
Nap-at-noon,
Sleepy dick,
Dame de onze heures
Introduced,
Invasive,
Eurasia native
Liliaceae - Ornithogalum umbellatum-2.JPG
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX
WW

ARS ITIS
FNA 

Images

Subfamily Hyacinthoideae[edit]

Tribe Hyacintheae[edit]
Hyacinthaceae – subfam. Hyacinthoideae – tribe Hyacintheae
Chionodoxa Glory-of-the-snow N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (=) Scilla luciliae  
 (=) Chionodoxa gigantea 
Glory of the snow,
Lucile's glory of the snow
Introduced
Chionodoxa-luciliae-close.JPG
NYFA-X




Images
Hyacinthoides Hyacinthoides N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
English-bluebell Introduced
Bluebell aka Hyacinthoides non-scripta.jpg
NYFA-X
NRCS-X




Images
Muscari Grape-hyacinth N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 (=) Hyacinthus botryoides  
Common grape-hyacinth Introduced
Muscari botryoides.JPG
NYFA-X
NRCS-X




Images
 (=) Muscari atlanticum  
 (=) Muscari racemosum 
Grape hyacinth,
Starch grape hyacinth
Introduced
Muscari neglectum006.jpg
NYFA-X
NRCS-X




Images
Scilla Scilla N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
Siberian squill,
wood squill
Introduced
Ostrava, Zábřeh, hřbitov, duben 2012, 6.jpg
NYFA-X
NRCS-X




Images


Family Agavaceae[edit]

Subfamily Agavoideae[edit]

Tribe Agaveae[edit]
Agavaceae – subfam. Agavoideae – tribe Agaveae
Yucca Yucca N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
Yucca,
Adam's needle,
Spanish bayonette
Introduced,
North America native
Yucca filamentosa0.jpg
NYFA-X
NRCS-N




Images
Hosta Plantain-lily N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 (Thunb.) Engl.
 (=) Aletris japonica  
 (=) Hemerocallis japonica 
 (=) Hemerocallis lancifolia 
 (=) Hosta japonica 
 (=) Niobe japonica 
Narrowleaf plantain lily,
Narrow-leaved plantain-lily
Introduced
Hosta lancifolia leaves.JPG
Hosta lancifolia NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-X




Images
Fragrant plantain lily Introduced
Funkia babkowata Hosta plantaginea fruit.jpg
NRCS-X




Images
Blue plantain-lily Introduced
VM 5259 Muyu hills forest - blue flowers.jpg
Hosta ventricosa NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-X




Images

Family Asparagaceae[edit]

The Asparagaceae (asparagus family).[1]

Asparagaceae
Asparagus Asparagus N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
Garden asparagus,
Common asparagus
Introduced
Spargelbeeren.jpg
NYFA-X
NRCS-X




Images
  1. Asparagaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.

Family Ruscaceae[edit]

Subfamily Convallarioideae[edit]

Tribe Convallarieae[edit]
Ruscaceae – subfam. Convallarioideae – tribe Convallarieae
Convallaria Lily-of-the-valley N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
ssp. majuscula

 (=) Convallaria majuscula 
 (=) Convallaria montana (Raf.) 
 (=) C. majalis var. montana 
American lily-of-the-valley Introduced,
N. America native
Convallaria majalis 0001.JPG
Nymap.svg
NRCS-X
Gandhi[1]


FNA 

Images
ssp. majalis

 (=) C. majalis var. majalis 
European lily-of-the-valley,
Muguet
Introduced
Convallaria majalis 01 ies.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
NRCS-X


FNA 

Images

Subfamily Nolinoideae[edit]

Ruscaceae – subfam. Nolinoideae
Maianthemum Mayflower N.Y. Status Images Distribution 4
Canada May-flower,
Canadian May-lily,
Wild lily-of-the-valley,
False lily-of-the-valley,
Two-leaved Solomon’s-seal
Native,
Secure
Maianthemum canadense-Rum River Nature Area.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
NRCS-N
NEW 



Images
ssp. racemosum
False Solomon’s-seal,
False spikenard,
Solomon’s-plume
Native,
Secure
Maianthemum racemosum 10782.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
NRCS-N
NEW 



Images
Starry Solomon's-seal,
Little false Solomon’s-seal,
Starflower Solomon’s-seal,
Starflower Solomon's-plume
Native,
Secure
Maianthemum stellatum - Botanical Garden in Kaisaniemi, Helsinki - DSC03566.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
NRCS-N




Images
 (=) Convallaria trifolia  
 (=) Smilacina trifolia 
 (=) Tovaria trifolia 
 (=) Vagnera trifolia 
Three-leaved Solomon's-plume,
Threeleaf false lily of the valley
Native,
Secure
Maianthemum trifolium NPS-1.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngMaianthemum trifolium BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
NRCS-N




Images
Polygonatum Solomon's-seal N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
Common Solomon's-seal,
Giant Solomon’s seal,
Smooth Solomon’s seal
Native,
Secure
Polygonatum biflorum - Smooth Solomons Seal 2.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
NRCS-N




Images
Downy Solomon's-seal,
Hairy Solomon’s seal
Native,
Secure
Polygonatum pubescens (Liliaceae).JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
NRCS-N




Images

Order Typhales[edit]

Family Typhaceae[edit]

The Typhaceae (cattail or bullrush family) naturally contains the genus Typha, which was the sole genus until the APG III system added the genus Sparganium (bur-reeds) in 2009 by merging the similar family Sparganiaceae into Typhaceae.

Subfamily Sparganioideae[edit]

This genus was previously included alone in the family Sparganiaceae.

Typhaceae – subfam. Sparganioideae
Sparganium Bur-reed N.Y. Status Images Distribution 7
Nutt. (1818)
American bur-reed,
American burreed,
Rubanier d’Amérique
Native,
Secure
Sparganium americanum NRCS-2.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngBB-0163 Sparganium americanum.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN

ARS ITIS
FNA 

Images
Unbranched bur-reed Native,
Secure
Sparganium.emersum.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngSparganiumEmersum.jpg
Nymap.svg





Images
Large bur-reed,
Giant burreed
Native,
Secure
Sparganium eurycarpum 5474907.jpg
Nymap.svg





Images
(Engelm.) Morong (1888)

 (=) S. lucidum Fernald & Eames 
Branching bur-reed,
Branched burreed,
Rubanier rameux
Native,
Vulnerable
BB-0162 Sparganium androcladum.pngImg spacer 2x87.pngBB-0164 Sparganium lucidum.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-3-4
NRCS-NN

ARS ITIS
FNA 

Images
Michx. (1803)

 (=) S. multipedunculatum 
 (=) S. emersum var. angustifolium 
 (=) S. emersum var. multipedunculatum 
Narrowleaf bur-reed,
Narrow-leaved bur-reed,
Floating bur-reed,
Rubanier à feuilles étroites
Native,
Vulnerable
BB-0170 Sparganium angustifolium.pngImg spacer 2x87.pngSparganium angustifolium2.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-3-4
NRCS-NN

ARS ITIS
FNA 

Images
Floating bur-reed Native,
Vulnerable
Sparganium fluctuans 5499164.jpg
Nymap.svg





Images
Small bur-reed Native,
Threatened
Nymap.svg





Images

Subfamily Typhoideae[edit]

Typhaceae – subfam. Typhoideae
Typha Cat-tail N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
 L.

1753. Typha latifolia  L.
1808. Typha elatior  Raf. nom. illeg.
1832. Typha crassa  Raf.
1900. T. latifolia ssp. eulatifolia Graebn.
1940. T. latifolia var. typica Rothm.
Broad-leaved cattail,
Common cattail

Quenouille à feuilles larges,
Massette à larges feuilles,
Typha à feuilles larges
Native,
Secure
Girona 009.JPG
Typha latifolia NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA 

Images
 L.

1753. Typha angustifolia  L.
1949. Typha foveolata  Pobed.
1972. Typha pontica  V.M.Klokov & Krasnova
Narrow-leaved cattail

Quenouille à feuilles étroites,
Massette à feuilles étroites,
Typha à feuilles étroites
Native,
Introduced,
Note[1]
Typha angustifolia.jpeg
Typha angustifolia NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
NRCS-MN
WW
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA 

Images
 Godr. (pro sp.)
[ T. angustifolia × T. latifolia ]

1844. Typha glauca  Godr.
1886. T. latifolia var. elongata Dudley
1924. T. angustifolia var. elongata Wiegand
Blue cattail,
Hybrid narrow-leaved cattail &
    broad-leaved cattail

Quenouille glauque
Introduced,
Invasive
Typha angustifolia3.JPGImg spacer 2x87.pngTypha latifolia 7831.jpg
Typha × glauca NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X5
NRCS-NN
UW
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.

Images
  1. Typha angustifolia is only native to salt marshes, but has spread elsewhere, probably along salted roadways.

Order Xyridales[edit]

The order Xyridales

Family Eriocaulaceae[edit]

The Eriocaulaceae (pipewort family).[1]

Subfamily Eriocauloideae[edit]

Eriocaulaceae – subfam. Eriocauloideae
Eriocaulon Pipewort N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 (Hill) Druce

1769. Cespa aquatica  Hill
1776. Eriocaulon septangulare  With.
1778. Nasmythia articulata  Hudson
1833. Eriocaulon pumilum  Raf.
1835. Nasmythia septangularis  Mart.
1891. Eriocaulon articulatum  Morong
1909. Eriocaulon aquaticum  Druce
Sevenangle pipewort,
Seven-angled pipewort,
Ériocaulon aquatique
Native,
Secure
Eriocaulon aquaticum 6884.jpg
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN

ARS ITIS


Images
 B.L.Rob. 1903
Parker's pipewort,
Estuary pipewort,
Ériocaulon de Parker
Introduced,
N. America native,
Impersistent
NYFA-Xm
NRCS-NN

ARS 
FNA 

Images
  1. Eriocaulaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.

Family Xyridaceae[edit]

The Xyridaceae (yellow-eyed grass family).[1]

Subfamily Xyridoideae[edit]

Xyridaceae – subfam. Xyridoideae
Xyris Yellow-eyed grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 5
 Ries (1892)
Northern yelloweyed grass,
Northern yellow-eyed grass,
Xyris de montagne
Native,
Secure
Xyris montana BB-1913.png
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN


FNA 

Images
 Chapm. (1860)
var. difformis

 (=) Xyris elata Chapman 
Bog yellow-eyed grass,
Carolina yellow-eyed grass,
Xyris difforme
Native,
Likely secure
Xyris difformis NRCS-1.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngXyris difformis NRCS-2.png
NYFA-4
NRCS-NN


FNA 

Images
 Smith (1819)

 (=) Kotsjelottia flexuosa 
 (=) Xyris bulbosa 
Twisted yellow-eyed-grass Native,
Vulnerable
NYFA-3-4
NRCS-N0

ITIS
FNA 

Images
 Nash (1895)

 (=) X. caroliniana var. olneyi 
 (=) X. congdonii Small 
Small's yellow-eyed grass Native,
Threatened
Xyris smalliana.jpg
NYFA-2
NRCS-N0

ITIS
FNA 

Images
 E.P.Bicknell
ex L.M.Campb. (2011)
Bog yelloweyed grass Native,
No recent reports
NYFA-Z
NRCS-NN




Note [2]
Images
  1. Xyridaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.
  2. NYFA includes Xyris bracteicaulis as a newly described species, but NRCS lists it as a synonym of Xyris difformis.