Flora of New York/Iridales, Typhales, Xyridales

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Orchidales
Flora of New York: Iridales, Typhales, Xyridales
Juncales 1
Table of
contents
Genus
index
Protected species index Invasive species index


Order Iridales[edit]

Family Iridaceae[edit]

The Iridaceae (iris family) ...

Subfamily Iridoideae[edit]

Tribe Irideae[edit]
Iris subgenus Limniris[edit]
Iridaceae – subfam. Iridoideae – tribe Irideae – genus Iris – subg. Limniris
Iris sect. Limniris Iris N.Y. Status Images Distribution 8
 L. (1753)
[ hookeri × virginica ]
Blueflag,
Harlequin blueflag,
Larger blue flag,
Northern blue flag,
Iris versicolore
Native,
Secure
Iris versicolor 3.jpg
Iris versicolor nymap.svg
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN

ARS ITIS
FNA
Images
Pursh ex Ker Gawl. (1814)

 (=) Iris carolina Radius 
Slender blue flag,
Slender blue iris,
Cube iris,
Coastal iris
Native,
Threatened
Iris prismatica NRCS-4x3.jpg
Iris prismatica nymap.svg
NYFA-2
NRCS-NX
DEC-B[1]

ARS ITIS
FNA
Images
 L. (1753)

 (=) Iris virginica var. shrevei 
 (=) Iris shrevei Small (1927) 
 (=) Iris caroliniana S.Watson 
 (=) Iris georgiana Britton 
Southern blueflag,
Shreve's iris,
Virginia iris,
Iris de Virginie
Native,
Endangered
Iris virginica NRCS-4x3.jpg
Iris virginica nymap.svg
NYFA-1
NRCS-NN
DEC-A[2]

ARS ITIS
FNA
Images
 L. (1753)
var. smalliana Fernald (1947)

 (=) Neubeckia verna (L.) Small 
Dwarf iris,
Dwarf violet iris,
Upland violet iris,
Vernal iris
Introduced,
North America native
Iris verna 1392140.jpg
Iris verna var smalliana nymap.svg
NYFA-X
NRCS-N
USFS
POW

ARS ITIS
FNA
Images
 L. (1753)
Siberian iris,
Iris de Sibérie
Introduced,
Eurasia native
Iris sibirica, The Hague, Netherlands - 20040527.jpg
Iris sibirica nymap.svg
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX
IPA

ARS ITIS
FNA
Images
 L. (1753)
Yellow iris,
Pale-yellow iris,
Yellow flag,
Yellow water iris,
Fleur-de-lis, Iris jaune
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa,
Highly invasive,
NYIS: 76%
Iris pseudacorus 001.jpg
Iris pseudacorus nymap.svg

NYFA-X
NRCS-X
CP-3[3]

ARS ITIS
FNA
Images
Iris sect. Lophiris Iris N.Y. Status Images Distribution 8
 Aiton (1789)

 (=) Neubeckia cristata (Aiton) Alef. 
 (=) Iris cristata var. alba Dykes 
Crested iris,
Dwarf crested iris
Introduced,
North America native
Iris cristata FWS-02.jpg
Iris cristata nymap.svg
NYFA-X
NRCS-N0
USFS

ARS ITIS
FNA
Images
Iris subgenus Iris[edit]
Iridaceae – subfam. Iridoideae – tribe Irideae – genus Iris – subg. Iris
Iris subg. Iris Iris N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
N.C.Hend. (1993)
[ pallida × variegata × … ]

 (=) Iris germanica L. (1753) 
 (=) Iris × germanica L. (1753 pro sp.) 
German iris,
Orris,
Tall bearded iris
Introduced
Iris germanica 7923-1725-4x3.jpg
Iris × conglomerata nymap.svg
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX

ARS ITIS
FNA
Images
Iris subgenus Hermodactyloides[edit]
Iridaceae – subfam. Iridoideae – tribe Irideae – genus Iris – subg. Hermodactyloides
Iris subg. Hermodactyloides Iris N.Y. Status Images Distribution 8
Mabberley & Goldblatt (2005)
 (=) Belamcanda chinensis (L.) DC.  
 (=) Belamcanda punctata 
 (=) Gemmingia chinensis 
 (=) Iris chinensis 
 (=) Ixia chinensis 
Blackberry lily,
Leopard flower,
Leopard lily,
Iris tigre
Introduced,
Asia native
Belamcanda chinensis - Belamkanda chińska 01.jpg
Iris domestica nymap.svg
NYFA-X
NRCS-X0

ARS ITIS
FNA
Note [1][2]
Images
Tribe Sisyrinchieae[edit]
Iridaceae – subfam. Iridoideae – tribe Sisyrinchieae
Sisyrinchium Blue-eyed-grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 7
Mill.
 (=) S. bermudiana auct. non L.  
 (=) S. graminoides 
Narrow-leaved blue-eyed grass Native,
Secure
Sisyrinchium angustifolium04.jpg
Sisyrinchium angustifolium NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN



Images
Greene
var. montanum
Strict blue-eyed grass Native,
Secure
Sisyrinchium fls 03.JPG
Sisyrinchium montanum var montanum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN



Images
E.P.Bicknell

 (=) S. apiculatum 
 (=) S. mucronatum var. atlanticum 
Eastern blue-eyed grass Native,
Likely secure
Sisyrinchium atlanticum.jpg
Sisyrinchium atlanticum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4
NRCS-NN



Images
E.P.Bicknell
 (=) S. arenicola  
 (=) S. farwellii 
 (=) S. incrustatum 
 (=) S. rufipes 
 (=) S. tenellum 
Coastal-plain blue-eyed grass Native,
Rare
Sisyrinchium fuscatum drawing 1.png
Sisyrinchium fuscatum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-3
NRCS-NN



Images
Greene
var. crebrum
Strict blue-eyed grass Native,
Especially vulnerable
Montane blue-eyed grass (Whitefish I).JPG
Sisyrinchium montanum var crebrum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-1?
NRCS-NN



Images
 Raf.
 (=) S. asheianum  
 (=) S. bermudianum var. albidum 
 (=) S. floridanum 
 (=) S. hastile 
 (=) S. niveum 
 (=) S. scabrellum 
White blue-eyed grass Native,
Endangered
Sisyrinchium albidum NRCS-1.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngSisyrinchium albidum NRCS-2.jpg
Sisyrinchium albidum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-?
NRCS-NN
FNA[1]



Images
Michaux's blue-eyed-grass,
Needletip blue-eyed grass
Native,
Endangered
Sisyrinchium-mucronatum.png
Sisyrinchium mucronatum NY-dist-map.png

DEC-1[2]



Images

Subfamily Crocoideae[edit]

Tribe Ixiae[edit]

Although there are no vouchered Crocus specimens listed from New York, these non-native species have appeared on the checklist of New York State plants.[1]

Iridaceae – subfam. Crocoideae – tribe Ixiae
Crocus Crocus N.Y. Status Images Distribution 4
 Weston
Cloth of gold Introduced,
No specimens
Crocus-angustifolius.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngNIEdot330.jpg
NYFA-X
NRCS-X0

ITIS

Images
Ten. (1826)
Early crocus,
Naples crocus
Introduced,
No specimens
Crocus imperati 'De Jager'.jpg
NYFA-X
NRCS-X0

ITIS

Images
J.Gay (1831)
Sieber's crocus,
Greek crocus
Introduced,
No specimens
Crocus sieberi Tricolor09.jpg
NYFA-X
NRCS-X0

ITIS

Images
 (L.) Hill ( 1765)
Dutch crocus,
Spring crocus
Introduced,
No specimens
Heuberg Krokus2.jpg
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX

ITIS

Images
  1. Mitchell, R.S. (ed.). 1986. A checklist of New York State plants. Contributions of a Flora of New York State, Checklist III. New York State Bulletin No. 458. New York State Museum, Albany.

Family Hemerocallidaceae[edit]

The Hemerocallidaceae[1] (or Xanthorrhoeaceae) family contains the non-native orange and yellow daylilies.

Submily Hemerocallidoideae[edit]

Tribe Hemerocallideae[edit]

Although the common form of the orange daylily Hemerocallis fulva is a seedless triploid and essentially sterile, it has persisted after, and escaped from cultivation so successfully using vegetative means such as root fragments, that it is considered invasive in much of the world, including New York. By contrast, the fertile diploid yellow daylily, Hemerocallis lilioasphodelus, though reportedly naturalized in some places, is not currently considered invasive.

Hemerocallidaceae – subfam. Hemerocallidoideae – tribe Hemerocallideae
Hemerocallis Daylily N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 L. (1762)

 (=) H. fulva var. fulva (L.) L. 
 (=) H. fulva var. kwanso Regel 
 (=) H. fulva var. rosea Stout 
Orange daylily,
Tawny daylily,
Hémérocalle fauve,
Lis d’un jour
Introduced,
Invasive,
Asia native
HemerocallisFulva1UME.jpg
Hemerocallis fulva nymap.svg
NYIS: L 46
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX
CP-3[2]

ARS ITIS
FNA
Images
L. (1753)

 (=) H. flava (L.) L. (1762) 
 (=) H. lutea Gaertn. (1790) 
Yellow daylily,
Lemon-lily,
Lemon daylily
Introduced,
Eurasia native
Hemerocallis lilioasphodelus flower.jpg
Hemerocallis lilioasphodelus nymap.svg
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX

ARS ITIS
FNA
Images

Family Alliaceae[edit]

The Alliaceae (onion family)...

Subfamily Allioideae[edit]

Allium subg. Anguinum[edit]
Amaryllidaceae – subfam. Allioideae – genus Allium – subg. Anguinum
Allium subg. Anguinum Onion N.Y. Status Images Distribution 14
 Ait.
var. tricoccum

 (=) Validallium tricoccum 
Small white leek,
Ramp
Native,
Secure
Wild leeks (Whitefish I) 2.JPGImg spacer 2x87.pngAllium tricoccum drawing.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN
FLNPS



Images
 Ait.
var. burdickii
Narrow-leaf wild leek,
Ramp
Native,
Endangered,
No recent reports
Wild leeks (Whitefish I) 1.JPG
Allium tricoccum var burdickii NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-Z
NRCS-NN
DEC-A[1]

ITIS
FNA
Images
Allium subg. Amerallium[edit]
Amaryllidaceae – subfam. Allioideae – genus Allium – subg. Amerallium
Allium subg. Amerallium Onion N.Y. Status Images Distribution 14
var. canadense
Meadow garlic,
Canadian garlic,
Wild onion
Native,
Secure
Allium canadense.jpg
Allium canadense var canadense NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN
FLNPS



Images
var. cernuum
Nodding onion Native,
Threatened
Allium cernuum 1.jpg
Allium cernuum var cernuum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-2
NRCS-NN
DEC-B[1]
FLNPS



Images
 Cirillo
Ail de Naples,
Neapolitan garlic,
White garlic
Introduced,
Old-World native
Allium neapolitanum03.jpg
Allium neapolitanum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-X0



Images
Allium subg. Cepa[edit]
Amaryllidaceae – subfam. Allioideae – genus Allium – subg. Cepa
Allium subg. Cepa Onion N.Y. Status Images Distribution 14
 L.
 (=) A. s. var. laurentianum  
 (=) A. s. var. sibiricum 
Wild chives Introduced,
N. America native,
Note[1]
Allium schoenoprasum in NH 01.jpg
Allium schoenoprasum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-NN


FNA
Images
Garden onion,
Cultivated onion
Introduced
Zwiebelblueten offen geschlossen.jpg
Allium cepa NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-C0



Images
  1. USDA-NRCS PLANTS shows Allium schoenoprasum var. schoenoprasum as introduced in North America, but not present in NY. It shows var. sibiricum as native to North America, present in NY, and threatened in MI, MN, and NH. The New York Flora Atlas treats these varieties as cultivars and gives the species a state-exotic status. Flora of North America treats the species as a polymorphic North American native, with no reliable varietal separations.
Allium subg. Allium[edit]
Amaryllidaceae – subfam. Allioideae – genus Allium – subg. Allium
Allium subg. Allium Onion N.Y. Status Images Distribution 14
 L.
Broadleaf wild leek,
Broad-leaved wild leek
Introduced,
Impersistent
Allium ampeloprasum Inflorescencia 2011-05-22 SierraMadrona.jpg
Allium ampeloprasum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-X0



Images
 L.
 (=) A. ampeloprasum var. porrum  
Leek Introduced
Leek field in Italy 3.jpg
Allium porrum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-X0



Images
 L.
Wild garlic Introduced
Jazevčí 4 - Allium oleraceum.JPG
Allium oleraceum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-XW



Images
 L.
var. sativum
Garlic Introduced
Allium sativum harilik kyyslauk estonia.JPG
Allium sativum var sativum nymap.svg




Images
 L.
var. paniculatum
Mediterranean onion Introduced
Allium paniculatum Enfoque 2011-6-11 CampodeCalatrava.jpg
Allium paniculatum var paniculatum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-X0



Images
 L.
Round-head garlic Introduced
Czosnek główkowaty.JPG
NYFA-X



Images
 L.
Wild garlic,
Wild onion,
Onion-grass
Introduced,
Widespread weed
Allium vineale02.jpg
Allium vineale NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX
NE-3[1]



Images
  1. Category 3 Plants - widespread non-native species - Eastern Region invasive plants, ranked by degree of invasiveness as based on information from States (1998) US Forest Service

Family Amaryllidaceae[edit]

The Amaryllidaceae (amaryllis family)...

Tribe Narcisseae[edit]

Amaryllidaceae – tribe Narcisseae
Narcissus Daffodil N.Y. Status Images Distribution 4
 L
Jonquil,
Daffodil
Introduced
Narcissus jonquilla 3.jpg
Narcissus jonquilla NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-X0



Images
 L.
Poet’s narcissus,
Pheasant’s-eye narcissus,
Daffodil
Introduced
Flower of a Narcissus.jpg
Narcissus poeticus NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX



Images
L. 1753
Daffodil,
Common daffodil,
Trumpet narcissus
Introduced,
from Eurasia,
Macaronesia
20140226Narcissus pseudonarcissus2.jpg
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX

ARS ITIS
FNA
Images
Mill. (pro sp.)
[ poeticus × pseudonarcissus ]
Nonesuch daffodil Introduced
NYFA-X
NRCS-X0



Images

Tribe Galantheae[edit]

Amaryllidaceae – tribe Galantheae
Leucojum Snowflake N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L. 1759
Summer snowflake,
Loddon-lily
Introduced,
from Eurasia
Leucojum aestivum 2010 4×3.jpg
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX

ARS ITIS
FNA
Images
Galanthus Snowdrop N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
Hook.f. 1875

1882. G. graecus  Orph. ex Boiss.
Giant snowdrop,
Greater snowdrop
Introduced,
from Eurasia
Weiße Blütenglocken.JPG
NYFA-X
NRCS-X0

ARS ITIS
FNA
Images
 L. 1753

1839. G. imperati  Bertol.
1888. G. nivalis ssp. imperati Baker
Snowdrop,
Common snowdrop,
Perceneige
Introduced,
from Eurasia
Snieguole resize.jpg
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX

ARS ITIS
FNA
Images

Family Hyacinthaceae[edit]

Subfamily Ornithogaloideae[edit]

Tribe Ornithogaleae[edit]
Hyacinthaceae – subfam. Ornithogaloideae – tribe Ornithogaleae
Ornithogalum Star of Bethlehem N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 L. (1753)
Drooping star-of-Bethlehem,
Nodding star-of-Bethlehem
Introduced,
Eurasia native
Ornithogalum nutans bloemen.jpg
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX

ARS ITIS
FNA
Images
 L. (1753)
Common star-of-Bethlehem,
Pyrenees Star of Bethlehem,
Nap-at-noon,
Sleepy dick,
Dame de onze heures
Introduced,
Invasive,
Eurasia native
Liliaceae - Ornithogalum umbellatum-2.JPG
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX
WW

ARS ITIS
FNA
Images

Subfamily Hyacinthoideae[edit]

Tribe Hyacintheae[edit]
Hyacinthaceae – subfam. Hyacinthoideae – tribe Hyacintheae
Chionodoxa Glory-of-the-snow N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (=) Scilla luciliae  
 (=) Chionodoxa gigantea 
Glory of the snow,
Lucile's glory of the snow
Introduced
Chionodoxa-luciliae-close.JPG
NYFA-X



Images
Hyacinthoides Hyacinthoides N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
English-bluebell Introduced
Bluebell aka Hyacinthoides non-scripta.jpg
NYFA-X
NRCS-X



Images
Muscari Grape-hyacinth N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 (=) Hyacinthus botryoides  
Common grape-hyacinth Introduced
Muscari botryoides.JPG
NYFA-X
NRCS-X



Images
 (=) Muscari atlanticum  
 (=) Muscari racemosum 
Grape hyacinth,
Starch grape hyacinth
Introduced
Muscari neglectum006.jpg
NYFA-X
NRCS-X



Images
Scilla Scilla N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
Siberian squill,
wood squill
Introduced
Ostrava, Zábřeh, hřbitov, duben 2012, 6.jpg
NYFA-X
NRCS-X



Images


Family Agavaceae[edit]

Subfamily Agavoideae[edit]

Tribe Agaveae[edit]
Agavaceae – subfam. Agavoideae – tribe Agaveae
Yucca Yucca N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
Yucca,
Adam's needle,
Spanish bayonette
Introduced,
North America native
Yucca filamentosa0.jpg
NYFA-X
NRCS-N



Images
Hosta Plantain-lily N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 (Thunb.) Engl.
 (=) Aletris japonica  
 (=) Hemerocallis japonica 
 (=) Hemerocallis lancifolia 
 (=) Hosta japonica 
 (=) Niobe japonica 
Narrowleaf plantain lily,
Narrow-leaved plantain-lily
Introduced
Hosta lancifolia leaves.JPG
Hosta lancifolia NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-X



Images
Fragrant plantain lily Introduced
Funkia babkowata Hosta plantaginea fruit.jpg
NRCS-X



Images
Blue plantain-lily Introduced
VM 5259 Muyu hills forest - blue flowers.jpg
Hosta ventricosa NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-X



Images

Family Asparagaceae[edit]

The Asparagaceae (asparagus family).[1]

Asparagaceae
Asparagus Asparagus N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
Garden asparagus,
Common asparagus
Introduced
Spargelbeeren.jpg
NYFA-X
NRCS-X



Images
  1. Asparagaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.

Family Ruscaceae[edit]

Subfamily Convallarioideae[edit]

Tribe Convallarieae[edit]
Ruscaceae – subfam. Convallarioideae – tribe Convallarieae
Convallaria Lily-of-the-valley N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
ssp. majuscula

 (=) Convallaria majuscula 
 (=) Convallaria montana (Raf.) 
 (=) C. majalis var. montana 
American lily-of-the-valley Introduced,
N. America native
Convallaria majalis 0001.JPG
Nymap.svg
NRCS-X
Gandhi[1]


FNA
Images
ssp. majalis

 (=) C. majalis var. majalis 
European lily-of-the-valley,
Muguet
Introduced
Convallaria majalis 01 ies.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
NRCS-X


FNA
Images

Subfamily Nolinoideae[edit]

Ruscaceae – subfam. Nolinoideae
Maianthemum Mayflower N.Y. Status Images Distribution 4
Canada May-flower,
Canadian May-lily,
Wild lily-of-the-valley,
False lily-of-the-valley,
Two-leaved Solomon’s-seal
Native,
Secure
Maianthemum canadense-Rum River Nature Area.jpg
NYFA-5
NRCS-N



Images
ssp. racemosum
False Solomon’s-seal,
False spikenard,
Solomon’s-plume
Native,
Secure
Maianthemum racemosum 10782.JPG
NYFA-5
NRCS-N



Images
Starry Solomon's-seal,
Little false Solomon’s-seal,
Starflower Solomon’s-seal,
Starflower Solomon's-plume
Native,
Secure
Maianthemum stellatum 4959.JPG
NYFA-5
NRCS-N



Images
 (=) Convallaria trifolia  
 (=) Smilacina trifolia 
 (=) Tovaria trifolia 
 (=) Vagnera trifolia 
Three-leaved Solomon's-plume,
Threeleaf false lily of the valley
Native,
Secure
Maianthemum trifolium NPS-1.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngMaianthemum trifolium BB-1913.png
NYFA-5
NRCS-N



Images
Polygonatum Solomon's-seal N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
Common Solomon's-seal,
Giant Solomon’s seal,
Smooth Solomon’s seal
Native,
Secure
Polygonatum biflorum.JPG
NYFA-5
NRCS-N



Images
Downy Solomon's-seal,
Hairy Solomon’s seal
Native,
Secure
Polygonatum pubescens (Liliaceae).JPG
NYFA-5
NRCS-N



Images

Order Typhales[edit]

Family Typhaceae[edit]

The Typhaceae (cattail or bullrush family) naturally contains the genus Typha, which was the sole genus until the APG III system added the genus Sparganium (bur-reeds) in 2009.

Subfamily Sparganioideae[edit]

This genus was previously included alone in the family Sparganiaceae.

Typhaceae – subfam. Sparganioideae
Sparganium Bur-reed N.Y. Status Images Distribution 7
Nutt. (1818)
American bur-reed,
American burreed,
Rubanier d’Amérique
Native,
Secure
Sparganium americanum NRCS-2.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngBB-0163 Sparganium americanum.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN

ARS ITIS
FNA
Images
Unbranched bur-reed Native,
Secure
Sparganium.emersum.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngSparganiumEmersum.jpg
Nymap.svg




Images
Large bur-reed,
Giant burreed
Native,
Secure
Sparganium eurycarpum 5474907.jpg
Nymap.svg




Images
(Engelm.) Morong (1888)

 (=) S. lucidum Fernald & Eames 
Branching bur-reed,
Branched burreed,
Rubanier rameux
Native,
Vulnerable
BB-0162 Sparganium androcladum.pngImg spacer 2x87.pngBB-0164 Sparganium lucidum.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-3-4
NRCS-NN

ARS ITIS
FNA
Images
Michx. (1803)

 (=) S. multipedunculatum 
 (=) S. emersum var. angustifolium 
 (=) S. emersum var. multipedunculatum 
Narrowleaf bur-reed,
Narrow-leaved bur-reed,
Floating bur-reed,
Rubanier à feuilles étroites
Native,
Vulnerable
BB-0170 Sparganium angustifolium.pngImg spacer 2x87.pngSparganium angustifolium2.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-3-4
NRCS-NN

ARS ITIS
FNA
Images
Floating bur-reed Native,
Vulnerable
Sparganium fluctuans 5499164.jpg
Nymap.svg




Images
Small bur-reed Native,
Threatened
Nymap.svg




Images

Subfamily Typhoideae[edit]

Typhaceae – subfam. Typhoideae
Typha Cattail N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
 L. (1753)
Broad-leaved cattail,
Quenouille à feuilles larges
Native,
Secure
3181-QUENOUILLES-11X14-Aokweb.jpg
Typha latifolia NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN

ARS ITIS
FNA
Images
 L. (1753)
Narrow-leaved cattail,
Quenouille à feuilles étroites
Native,
Introduced,
Note[1]
Typha angustifolia.jpeg
Typha angustifolia NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
NRCS-MN
WW

ARS ITIS
FNA
Images
Godr. (pro sp. 1844)
[ angustifolia × latifolia ]
Blue cattail,
Hybrid cattail
Introduced,
Invasive
Typha × glauca NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X5
NRCS-NN
UW

ARS ITIS
FNA
Images
  1. Typha angustifolia is only native to salt marshes, but has spread elsewhere, probably along salted roadways.

Order Xyridales[edit]

The order Xyridales

Family Eriocaulaceae[edit]

The Eriocaulaceae (pipewort family).[1]

Subfamily Eriocauloideae[edit]

Eriocaulaceae – subfam. Eriocauloideae
Eriocaulon Pipewort N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
(Hill) Druce 1909

1769. Cespa aquatica Hill
1909. Eriocaulon aquaticum Druce
Eriocaulon septangulare With.
Eriocaulon pellucidum Michx.
Eriocaulon articulatum (Hudson) Morong
E. pellucidum Michaux
E. pumilum Rafinesque
Nasmythia articulata Hudson
Sevenangle pipewort,
Seven-angled pipewort,
Ériocaulon aquatique
Native,
Secure
Eriocaulon aquaticum 6884.jpg
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN

ARS ITIS

Images
 B.L.Rob. 1903
Parker's pipewort,
Estuary pipewort,
Ériocaulon de Parker
Introduced,
N. America native,
Impersistent
NYFA-Xm
NRCS-NN

ARS 
FNA
Images
  1. Eriocaulaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.

Family Xyridaceae[edit]

The Xyridaceae (yellow-eyed grass family).[1]

Subfamily Xyridoideae[edit]

Xyridaceae – subfam. Xyridoideae
Xyris Yellow-eyed grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 5
 Ries (1892)
Northern yelloweyed grass,
Northern yellow-eyed grass,
Xyris de montagne
Native,
Secure
Xyris montana BB-1913.png
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN


FNA
Images
 Chapm. (1860)
var. difformis

 (=) Xyris elata Chapman 
Bog yellow-eyed grass,
Carolina yellow-eyed grass,
Xyris difforme
Native,
Likely secure
Xyris difformis NRCS-1.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngXyris difformis NRCS-2.png
NYFA-4
NRCS-NN


FNA
Images
 Smith (1819)

 (=) Kotsjelottia flexuosa 
 (=) Xyris bulbosa 
Twisted yellow-eyed-grass Native,
Vulnerable
NYFA-3-4
NRCS-N0

ITIS
FNA
Images
 Nash (1895)

 (=) X. caroliniana var. olneyi 
 (=) X. congdonii Small 
Small's yellow-eyed grass Native,
Threatened
Xyris smalliana.jpg
NYFA-2
NRCS-N0

ITIS
FNA
Images
 E.P.Bicknell
ex L.M.Campb. (2011)
Bog yelloweyed grass Native,
No recent reports
NYFA-Z
NRCS-NN



Note [2]
Images
  1. Xyridaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.
  2. NYFA includes Xyris bracteicaulis as a newly described species, but NRCS lists it as a synonym of Xyris difformis.