Flora of New York/Caryophyllales 3

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Caryophyllales 2:
Chenopodiaceae
Flora of New York: Caryophyllales 3: Amaranthaceae, Aizoaceae, Nyctaginaceae, Phytolaccaceae, Molluginaceae, Portulacaceae, Cactaceae
Cornales
Table of
contents
Genus
index
Protected species index Invasive species index


Order Caryophyllales (concluded)[edit]

Family Amaranthaceae[edit]

The Amaranthaceae (amaranthus family)

Subfamily Polycnemoideae[edit]

The Polycnemoideae ... NYFA includes Polycnemum in the Chenopodiaceae.

Amaranthaceaesubfam. Polycnemoideae
Polycnemum Needle leaf N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 A.Braun

P. arvense var. simplex
Giant needleleaf Introduced,
Impersistent
Polycnemum majus NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-Xm
USDA-XX





Images, wsp

Subfamily Gomphrenoideae[edit]

The Gomphrenoideae ...

Amaranthaceaesubfam. Gomphrenoideae
Alternanthera Joyweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 Kunth (1818)

Achyranthes leiantha
Khakiweed Introduced
Starr 020122-0065 Alternanthera pungens.jpg
NYFA-X
USDA-X0

ARS ITIS
FNA 


Images, wsp
Froelichia Snakecotton N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (Hooker) Moq. (1849)

Froelichia braunii
Oplotheca gracilis
Oplotheca texana
Slender snakecotton,
Slender snake-cotton,
Slender cottonweed
Introduced from
 sw North America,
Moderately invasive,
NYIS: 53%[1]
Froelichia gracilis BB-1913.png
NYFA-X
USDA-NX

ITIS
FNA 


Images, wsp
Gomphrena Globe-amaranth N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 L. (1753)
Globe-amaranth,
Common globe amaranth,
Bachelor's-button
Introduced,
Impersistent,
Cultivated
Starr 070906-8665 Gomphrena globosa.jpg
NYFA-Xm
USDA-X0

ARS ITIS
FNA 


Images, wsp
 Gill. ex Moq. (1849)
Globe amaranth Introduced,
Impersistent
NYFA-Xm
USDA-X0

ITIS
FNA 


Images, wsp

Subfamily Amaranthoideae[edit]

The Amaranthoideae

Genus Amaranthus[edit]
Amaranthus subg. Acnida[edit]

Subgenus Acnida contains the dioecious Amaranthus species.

Amaranthaceaesubfam. Amaranthoideaegenus Amaranthussubg. Acnida
Amaranthus subg. Acnida Pigweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution 22
(L.) Sauer (1955)

Acnida cannabina L. (1753)
Waterhemp pigweed,
Tidal marsh amaranth
Native,
Secure
Amaranthus cannabinus BB-1913.png
Amaranthus cannabinus NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-N0

ARS 
FNA 


Images, wsp
Rough-fruited water-hemp,
Tall water-hemp,
Rough-fruited amaranth
Native,
Likely secure
Amaranthus tuberculatus NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
Amaranthus subg. Amaranthus[edit]
Amaranthaceaesubfam. Amaranthoideaegenus Amaranthussubg. Amaranthus
Amaranthus subg. Amaranthus Pigweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution 22
L. (1753)
Common amaranth,
Redroot amaranth,
Redroot pigweed,
Rough pigweed,
Wild-beet amaranth
Native,
Secure
Amaranthus retroflexus, Thomé 1885-1.png
Amaranthus retroflexus NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NX

ARS 



Images, wsp
 L.
Love-lies-bleeding,
Purple amaranth,
Foxtail amaranth
Introduced
Amaranthus caudatus0.jpg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
 L.

A. hybridus cruentus
A. paniculatus
Blood amaranth,
Purple amaranth,
Caterpillar amaranth
Introduced
Amaranthus cruentus1.jpg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
Green amaranth,
Green pigweed,
Smooth pigweed,
Smooth amaranth,
Hybrid amaranth
Introduced
Starr 030424-0092 Amaranthus hybridus.jpg
NYFA-X





Images, wsp
L. (1753)
Prince-of-Wales feather,
Prince’s feather,
Prince’s-feather amaranth
Introduced
Amaranthus hypochondriacus (Amaranthaceae) flowers.JPG
NYFA-X
USDA-X





Images, wsp
Powell’s amaranth,
Green amaranth,
Powell’s smooth amaranth
Introduced
Amaranthus powellii 5438081.jpg






Images, wsp
Spiny amaranth,
Thorny amaranth
Introduced
Starr 061114-9876 Amaranthus spinosus.jpg






Images, wsp
Amaranthus subg. Albersia[edit]
Amaranthaceaesubfam. Amaranthoideaegenus Amaranthussubg. Albersia
Amaranthus subg. Albersia Pigweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution 22
 Raf.
Seabeach amaranth,
Coast amaranth
Native,
Endangered
Seabeach Amaranth.jpg
NYFA-2
USDA-N0

ARS 
FNA 


Images, wsp
 L.

1759. Amaranthus albus  L.
1894. A. graecizans var. pubescens
1912. Amaranthus pubescens  Rydb.
1945. A. albus var. pubescens Fernald
 auct. Amaranthus graecizans  non L.
Prostrate pigweed,
Tumble pigweed,
Tumbleweed,
White amaranth
Introduced from
 tropical America
Amaranthus albus arizona.jpg
NYFA-X
USDA-XW

ARS 
FNA 


Images, wsp
 S.Watson

1877. Amaranthus blitoides  S.Watson
 auct. Amaranthus graecizans  non L.
Prostrate pigweed,
Prostrate amaranth,
Matweed,
Matweed amaranth
Introduced from
 NA Southwest
Amaranthus blitoides BB-1913.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS ITIS
FNA 


Images, wsp
 S.Watson

1877. Amaranthus palmeri  S.Watson
Carelessweed,
Palmer’s amaranth
Introduced from
 NA Southwest
Amaranthus palmeri.jpg
NYFA-X
USDA-NX

ARS ITIS
FNA 


Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Amaranthus blitum  L.
Purple amaranth,
Livid amaranth

Amarante livide
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 Africa
Amaranthus lividus.JPGImg spacer 2x87.pngAmaranthus lividus 2.JPG
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS 



Images, wsp
(Lesp. & Thev.) N. Terracc.
Crispleaf amaranth,
Crisp-leaved amaranth
Introduced
Amaranthus crispus BB-1913.png
NYFA-X
USDA-X0





Images, wsp
 L.
Low amaranth,
Large-fruited amaranth
Introduced,
Impersistent
Amaranthys deflexus12.JPG
NYFA-X
USDA-X0





Images, wsp
Tall amaranth Introduced






Images, wsp
Slender amaranth,
Tropical green amaranth,
Green amaranth
Introduced
Starr 010520-0109 Amaranthus viridis.jpg






Images, wsp
Genus Achyranthes[edit]

The Japanese chaff flower, Achyranthes japonica, has been found to be quite invasive where it has naturalized in Kentucky and surrounding states.[1] Although it has not been found to have naturalized in or near New York, Japanese chaff flower has been placed on the DEC's proposed list of prohibited plants.[2]

Amaranthaceaesubfam. Amaranthoideaegenus Achyranthes
AchyranthesL. Chaff flower N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (Miq.) Nakai

1865. A. bidentata var. japonica Miq.
1920. Achyranthes japonica  (Miq.) Nakai
Japanese chaff flower Introduced from
 eastern Asia,
Highly invasive,
NYIS: 71%[3],
Prohibited[2]
Achyranthes japonica.jpg
Achyranthes japonica nymap.svg

USDA-X0

ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.


Images, wsp

Family Aizoaceae[edit]

The Aizoaceae (the fig-marigold family or ice plant family) ...

Subfamily Tetragonioideae[edit]

Aizoaceaesubfam. Tetragonioideae
Tetragonia Tetragonia N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(Pallas) Kuntze
New Zealand spinach Introduced,
Impersistent
Starr 050222-4149 Tetragonia tetragonioides.jpg
Tetragonia tetragonioides NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp

Subfamily Sesuvioideae[edit]

Aizoaceaesubfam. Sesuvioideae
Sesuvium Sea purslane N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (Walter)
Britton, Sterns & Poggenb.
Slender sea-purslane,
Puerto Rico sea-purslane
Native,
Endangered
Sesuvium maritimum drawing 01.png
Sesuvium maritimum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-1
USDA-NN





Images, wsp

Family Nyctaginaceae[edit]

The Nyctaginaceae (four-o'clock family)

Tribe Nyctagineae[edit]
Nyctaginaceaetribe Nyctagineae
Mirabilis Four-o'clock N.Y. Status Images Distribution 4
(Pursh) MacMill. (1893)
Hairy four-o'clock,
Hairy umbrella-wort
Introduced,
N. America native
NYFA-X
USDA-N0





Images, wsp
Four-o'clock,
Marvel-of-Peru
Introduced






Images, wsp
Narrow-leaved four o'clock Introduced






Images, wsp
Wild four-o'clock Introduced






Images, wsp

Family Phytolaccaceae[edit]

The Phytolaccaceae (pokeweed family)... [f 1]

Phytolaccaceae
Phytolacca Pokeweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.
var. americana

Phytolacca decandra L.
American pokeweed,
Inkberry, Pigeonberry,
Pokeberry, Virginia poke,
Raisin d'Amérique
Native,
Secure
Phytolacca americana a1.jpg
Phytolacca americana var americana NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ARS ITIS
FNA 


Images, wsp

Family Molluginaceae[edit]

The Molluginaceae (family) ... [f 2]

Molluginaceae
Mollugo Carpetweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L. (1753)
Carpet-weed,
Green carpetweed,
Indian chickweed,
Mollugo verticillé
Introduced,
N. America native
Mollugo verticillata.jpg
NYFA-X
USDA-NX


FNA 


Images, wsp

Family Montiaceae[edit]

The Montiaceae Raf. (1820) was adoped by APG III (2009) to house a number of genera sgregated from the Portulacaceae, including the New York spring ephemeral, Claytonia.

Montiaceae
Claytonia Spring beauty N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 Michx.

1803. Claytonia caroliniana  Michx.
1807. Claytonia spathulifolia  Salisb.
1966. C. caroliniana var. spathulifolia W.H.Lewis
1975. C. caroliniana var. lewisii McNeill
Carolina springbeauty,
Carolina spring-beauty,
Wide-leaved spring beauty

Claytonie de Caroline,
Claytonie feuille-large
Native,
Secure
Claytonia caroliniana, St Joseph Island.JPG
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ITIS
FNA Trop.


Images, wsp
 L.
var. virginica

1753. Claytonia virginica  L.
1931. Claytonia robusta  (Somes) Rydb.
1831. Claytonia media  (DC.) Link
1992. C. virginica var. hammondiae J.J.Doyle &al.
Eastern spring beauty,
Virginia springbeauty,
Narrow-leaf spring-beauty,
Narrow-leaved spring beauty

Claytonie de Virginie,
Claytonie feuille-étroite
Native,
Secure
Claytonia virginica 1 Radnor Lake.jpg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.


Images, wsp

Family Portulacaceae[edit]

The Portulacaceae (purslane family)...[1]

Portulacaceae
Portulaca Purslane N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
Common purslane,
Little hogweed
Introduced,
Canada native
Starr 080602-5375 Portulaca oleracea.jpg
NYFA-
USDA-XN





Images, wsp
 Hook.
Moss-rose,
Rose moss,
Rose-moss-of-garden
Introduced
Portulaca grandiflora in Sedovo 002.jpg
NYFA-X
USDA-XW





Images, wsp
  1. Portulacaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.

Family Cactaceae[edit]

The Cactaceae (cactus family) has just one taxon native to New York. The eastern prickly-pear is found only in the southeastern part of the state and is limited to rocky and sandy areas.[f 3]

Subfamily Opuntioideae[edit]

Tribe Opuntieae[edit]
Cactaceaesubfam. Opuntioideaetribe Opuntieae
Opuntia Pricklypear N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(Raf.) Raf. (1830)
var. humifusa
Eastern prickly-pear Native,
Likely secure
Eastern prickly pear fruit.jpg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN

ARS ITIS
FNA 


Images, wsp

References[edit]

  1. Phytolaccaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.
  2. Molluginaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.
  3. Cactaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.