Flora of New York/Caryophyllales 3

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Caryophyllales 2:
Chenopodiaceae
Flora of New York: Caryophyllales 3: Amaranthaceae, Aizoaceae, Nyctaginaceae, Phytolaccaceae, Molluginaceae, Portulacaceae, Cactaceae
Cornales
Table of
contents
Genus
index
Protected species index Invasive species index


Order Caryophyllales (concluded)[edit]

Family Amaranthaceae[edit]

The Amaranthaceae (amaranthus family)

Subfamily Polycnemoideae[edit]

The Polycnemoideae ... NYFA includes Polycnemum in the Chenopodiaceae.

Amaranthaceae – subfam. Polycnemoideae
Polycnemum Needle leaf N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 A.Braun

 (=) P. arvense var. simplex 
Giant needleleaf Introduced,
Impersistent
Polycnemum majus NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-Xm
NRCS-XX



Images

Subfamily Gomphrenoideae[edit]

The Gomphrenoideae ...

Amaranthaceae – subfam. Gomphrenoideae
Alternanthera Joyweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 Kunth (1818)

 (=) Achyranthes leiantha 
Khakiweed Introduced
Starr 020122-0065 Alternanthera pungens.jpg
NYFA-X
NRCS-X0

ARS ITIS
FNA
Images
Froelichia Snakecotton N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (Hooker) Moq. (1849)

 (=) Froelichia braunii 
 (=) Oplotheca gracilis 
 (=) Oplotheca texana 
Slender snakecotton,
Slender snake-cotton,
Slender cottonweed
Introduced from
 sw North America,
Moderately invasive,
NYIS: 53%
NYFA-X
NRCS-NX

ITIS
FNA
Images
Gomphrena Globe-amaranth N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 L. (1753)
Globe-amaranth,
Common globe amaranth,
Bachelor's-button
Introduced,
Impersistent,
Cultivated
Starr 070906-8665 Gomphrena globosa.jpg
NYFA-Xm
NRCS-X0

ARS ITIS
FNA
Images
 Gill. ex Moq. (1849)
Globe amaranth Introduced,
Impersistent
NYFA-Xm
NRCS-X0

ITIS
FNA
Images

Subfamily Amaranthoideae[edit]

The Amaranthoideae

Amaranthaceae – subfam. Amaranthoideae
Amaranthus Pigweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution 22
(L.) Sauer (1955)

 (=) Acnida cannabina L. (1753) 
Waterhemp pigweed,
Tidal marsh amaranth
Native,
Secure
Amaranthus cannabinus BB-1913.png
Amaranthus cannabinus NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
NRCS-N0


FNA
Images
L. (1753)
Common amaranth,
Redroot amaranth,
Redroot pigweed,
Rough pigweed,
Wild-beet amaranth
Native,
Secure
Amaranthus retroflexus, Thomé 1885-1.png
Amaranthus retroflexus NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
NRCS-NX
NE-3[1]



Images
Rough-fruited water-hemp,
Tall water-hemp,
Rough-fruited amaranth
Native,
Likely secure
Amaranthus tuberculatus NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4
NRCS-NN



Images
 Raf.
Seabeach amaranth Native,
Endangered
Seabeach Amaranth.jpg
NYFA-2
FWS



Images
 L.
Prostrate pigweed,
Tumble pigweed,
Tumbleweed,
White amaranth
Introduced
Amaranthus albus arizona.jpg
NYFA-X
NRCS-XW



Images
 S. Wats.
Prostrate pigweed,
Prostrate amaranth,
Matweed,
Matweed amaranth
Introduced
Amaranthus blitoides 8601.JPG




Images
 L.
Purple amaranth,
Livid amaranth
Introduced
Amaranthus lividus 3.JPG
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX



Images
 L.
Love-lies-bleeding,
Purple amaranth,
Foxtail amaranth
Introduced
Amaranthus caudatus0.jpg
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX



Images
(Lesp. & Thev.) N. Terracc.
Crispleaf amaranth,
Crisp-leaved amaranth
Introduced
Amaranthus crispus BB-1913.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-X0



Images
 L.
 (=) A. paniculatus  
Blood amaranth,
Purple amaranth,
Caterpillar amaranth
Introduced
Amaranthus cruentus1.jpg
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX



Images
 L.
Low amaranth,
Large-fruited amaranth
Introduced,
Impersistent
Amaranthys deflexus12.JPG
NYFA-X
NRCS-X0



Images
Green amaranth,
Green pigweed,
Smooth pigweed,
Smooth amaranth,
Hybrid amaranth
Introduced
Starr 030424-0092 Amaranthus hybridus.jpg
NYFA-X
NE-W[1]



Images
L. (1753)
Prince-of-Wales feather,
Prince’s feather,
Prince’s-feather amaranth
Introduced
Amaranthus hypochondriacus (Amaranthaceae) flowers.JPG
NYFA-X
NRCS-X



Images
S.Watson (1877)
Carelessweed,
Palmer’s amaranth
Introduced,
N. America native
Amaranthus palmeri.jpg
NYFA-X
NRCS-NX

ARS ITIS
FNA
Images
Powell’s amaranth,
Green amaranth,
Powell’s smooth amaranth
Introduced
Amaranthus powellii 5438081.jpg




Images
Tall amaranth Introduced




Images
Spiny amaranth,
Thorny amaranth
Introduced




Images
Slender amaranth,
Tropical green amaranth,
Green amaranth
Introduced




Images
  1. a b Category 3 Plants - widespread non-native species - Eastern Region invasive plants, ranked by degree of invasiveness as based on information from States (1998) US Forest Service

Family Aizoaceae[edit]

The Aizoaceae (the fig-marigold family or ice plant family) ...

Subfamily Tetragonioideae[edit]

Aizoaceae – subfam. Tetragonioideae
Tetragonia Tetragonia N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(Pallas) Kuntze
New Zealand spinach Introduced,
Impersistent
Starr 050222-4149 Tetragonia tetragonioides.jpg
Tetragonia tetragonioides NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX



Images

Subfamily Sesuvioideae[edit]

Aizoaceae – subfam. Sesuvioideae
Sesuvium Sea purslane N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (Walter)
Britton, Sterns & Poggenb.
Slender sea-purslane,
Puerto Rico sea-purslane
Native,
Endangered
Sesuvium maritimum drawing 01.png
Sesuvium maritimum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-1
NRCS-NN



Images

Family Nyctaginaceae[edit]

The Nyctaginaceae (four-o'clock family)

Tribe Nyctagineae[edit]
Nyctaginaceae – tribe Nyctagineae
Mirabilis Four-o'clock N.Y. Status Images Distribution 4
(Pursh) MacMill. (1893)
Hairy four-o'clock,
Hairy umbrella-wort
Introduced,
N. America native
NYFA-X
NRCS-N0



Images
Four-o'clock,
Marvel-of-Peru
Introduced




Images
Narrow-leaved four o'clock Introduced




Images
Wild four-o'clock Introduced




Images

Family Phytolaccaceae[edit]

The Phytolaccaceae (pokeweed family)... [f 1]

Phytolaccaceae
Phytolacca Pokeweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.
var. americana

 (=) Phytolacca decandra L. 
American pokeweed,
Inkberry, Pigeonberry,
Pokeberry, Virginia poke,
Raisin d'Amérique
Native,
Secure
Phytolacca americana a1.jpg
Phytolacca americana var americana NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN

ARS ITIS
FNA
Images

Family Molluginaceae[edit]

The Molluginaceae (family) ... [f 2]

Molluginaceae
Mollugo Carpetweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L. (1753)
Carpet-weed,
Green carpetweed,
Indian chickweed,
Mollugo verticillé
Introduced,
N. America native
Mollugo verticillata.jpg
NYFA-X
NRCS-NX


FNA
Images

Family Portulacaceae[edit]

The Portulacaceae (purslane family)...[f 3]

Portulacaceae
Claytonia Spring beauty N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 Michx.
Carolina springbeauty,
Carolina spring-beauty
Native,
Secure
Claytonia caroliniana, St Joseph Island.JPG
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN


FNA
Images
 L. (1753)
var. virginica
Eastern spring beauty,
Virginia springbeauty
Native,
Secure
Claytonia virginica 1 Radnor Lake.jpg
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN



Images
Portulaca Purslane N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
Common purslane,
Little hogweed
Introduced,
Canada native
Starr 080602-5375 Portulaca oleracea.jpg
NYFA-
NRCS-XN



Images
 Hook.
Moss-rose,
Rose moss,
Rose-moss-of-garden
Introduced
Portulaca grandiflora in Sedovo 002.jpg
NYFA-X
NRCS-XW



Images

Family Cactaceae[edit]

The Cactaceae (cactus family) has just one taxon native to New York. The eastern prickly-pear is found only in the southeastern part of the state and is limited to rocky and sandy areas.[f 4]

Subfamily Opuntioideae[edit]

Tribe Opuntieae[edit]
Cactaceae – subfam. Opuntioideae – tribe Opuntieae
Opuntia Pricklypear N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(Raf.) Raf. (1830)
var. humifusa
Eastern prickly-pear Native,
Likely secure
Eastern prickly pear fruit.jpg
NYFA-4
NRCS-NN

ARS ITIS
FNA
Images

References[edit]

  1. Phytolaccaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.
  2. Molluginaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.
  3. Portulacaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.
  4. Cactaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.