Flora of New York/Lamiales 1

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Solanales
Flora of New York: Lamiales 1:
Oleaceae, Tetrachondraceae, Plantaginaceae, Scrophulariaceae

Lamiales 2:
Lamiaceae
Table of
contents
Genus
index
Protected species index Invasive species index


Order Lamiales[edit]

The Lamiales (part 1)

Family Oleaceae[edit]

The Oleaceae (olive family) in New York consists of native and introduced ash trees, along with a number of non-native shrubs, some of which, primarily the privets, are extremely invasive and create dense thickets. Interestingly, the olive family does not include Elaeagnus species (Russian olive and autumn olive), which are also common alien invasives but are categorized in the Elaeagnaceae (oleaster family) in the Rhamnales.[1][2]

Tribe Forsythieae[edit]

Forsythia is a popular non-native ornamental shrub, planted at least in part for its bright yellow early spring flowers. In New York, the degree of this popularity is tempered in much of the state where local weather doesn't consistently allow much flowering. The two species listed as having to some extent naturalized in New York are F. viridissima (greenstem forsythia) and F. suspensa (weeping forsythia). It's likely that in recent times the hybrid of the two, Forsythia × intermedia, has been planted at least as much as either of its parents, but it is sterile and also may not reproduce vegetatively as well as F. suspensa, whose arching branches root where they touch the ground, allowing it to do a slow walk into any adjacent natural area.[3]

Key to Forsythia taxa [3]
Branch center Branch position Leaf type Species
Hollow between nodes Forsythia suspensa (weeping forsythia)
Pith between nodes Upright Simple Forsythia viridissima (greenstem forsythia)
Upright or arching Simple or 3-lobed Forsythia × intermedia (hybrid forsythia)
Oleaceaetribe Forsythieae
Forsythia Forsythia N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 Lindl.

1846. Forsythia viridissima  Lindl.
1932. Rangium viridissimum  Ohwi
Greenstem forsythia,
Green-stemmed forsythia,
Golden-bells

Forsythia vert
Introduced from
 China & Korea
ForsythiaViridissima2.jpg
Forsythia viridissima NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS 
Trop.


Images, wsp
 (Thunb.) Vahl

1780. Ligustrum suspensum  Thunb.
1784. Syringa suspensa  Thunb. ex Murray
1804. Forsythia suspensa  Vahl
1932. Rangium suspensum  Ohwi
Forsythia,
Weeping forsythia,
Golden-bells
Introduced from
 China,
Impersistent
Forsythia suspensa 4090392 レンギョウ(連翹).JPG
Forsythia suspensa NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-X0
NEW Can
ARS 
Trop.


Images, wsp
 Zabel
[ suspensa × viridissima ]

1885. Forsythia × intermedia  Zabel
1900. F. × intermedia var. densiflora Koehne
Showy forsythia,
Hybrid forsythia
Introduced,
No NY reports
Goldfliederblüten.JPG
Nymap.svg

USDA-X0

ARS 
Trop.


Images, wsp
  1. Oleaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.
  2. Oleaceae USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) PLANTS Database (2013).
  3. a b Paul M. Catling (2007) "Weeping forsythia, another shrub naturalized in Canada." Botanical Electronic News No. 378 April 25, 2007. Victoria, B.C.

Tribe Oleeae[edit]

Subtribe Fraxininae[edit]
Genus Fraxinus[edit]

The genus Fraxinus is represented in New York primarily by the three native ash trees: white ash, black ash, and green ash. All are susceptible to infestation by the emerald ash borer (Agrilus planipennis).

Oleaceaetribe Oleeaesubtr. Fraxininae
Fraxinus Ash N.Y. Status Images Distribution 4
 L.

Fraxinus biltmoreana Beadle
White ash Native,
Secure
Fraxinus americana NRCS-1.jpg
Fraxinus americana NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-N
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
 Marshall
Black ash Native,
Secure
Fraxinus nigra bark.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngFraxinus nigra leaves.jpg
Fraxinus nigra NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
 Marsh.
Green ash Native,
Secure
Fraxinus pensylvanica a1.jpg
Fraxinus pennsylvanica NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
 (Bush) Bush

Fraxinus michauxii Britton
Fraxinus tomentosa Michx.f.
Pumpkin ash Introduced,
N. America native
Fraxinus profunda, RBGE 2008.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngNAS-119 Fraxinus profunda.png
Fraxinus profunda NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
 L.
European ash Introduced,
Impersistent
Fraxinus excelsior.JPG
Fraxinus excelsior NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
Subtribe Ligustrinae[edit]

The subtribe Ligustrinae contains the non-native lilacs and privets.

Genus Syringa[edit]
The common lilac (Syringa vulgaris) has been grown in the state as an ornamental shrub for centuries and appears to persist only where it has been cultivated, and so it is found to have naturalized mainly around abandoned farmsteads and such. The more recently introduced Japanese tree lilac (Syringa reticulata) however is considered to be potentially invasive, and although it is not yet widespread outside of cultivation in New York, it is of concern.
Oleaceaetribe Oleeaesubtr. Ligustrinaegenus Syringa
SyringaL. Lilac N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.

1753. Syringa vulgaris  L.
Common lilac,
Purple lilac

Lilas commun,
Lilas vulgaire
Introduced from
 southeastern Europe
Syringa.vulgaris(01).jpg
Syringa vulgaris nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS 



Images, wsp
 (Blume) H. Hara

1850. Ligustrum reticulatum  Blume
1941. Syringa reticulata  H.Hara
1952. Ligustrina reticulata  Nakai
Japanese tree lilac

Lilas japonais
Introduced from
 temperate Asia,
Potentially invasive,
NYIS: 31%[1]
Syringa pekinensis 'Morton', Arnold Arboretum - IMG 5973.JPG
Syringa reticulata nymap.svg

USDA-X0
NEW Can
ARS 



Images, wsp
 Vahl

1804. Syringa villosa  Vahl
1895. Syringa bretschneideri  Lemoine
Villous lilac,
Late lilac,
Japanese lilac
Introduced from
 China,
No NY reports
Syringa villosa nymap.svg
NYFA-0
USDA-X0
NEW Can
ARS 
Trop.


Images, wsp
 J. Jacq. ex Rchb.

1830. Syringa josikaea  Rchb.
Hungarian lilac Introduced from
 southeastern Europe,
No NY reports
Botanical Garden of Moscow State University 01.JPG
Syringa josikaea nymap.svg
NYFA-0
USDA-X0
NEW Can
ARS 



Images, wsp
Genus Ligustrum[edit]

In general, the several privet species, none if which are native to the western hemisphere, have been found to be quite invasive and difficult to control where they have naturalized. The New York Flora Atlas reports that Ligustrum obtusifolium (border privet) is by far the most common and invasive of the naturalized privets, but that Ligustrum vulgare (European privet) can be locally quite aggressive as well.

Oleaceaetribe Oleeaesubtr. Ligustrinaegenus Ligustrum
Ligustrum Privet N.Y. Status Images Distribution 4
Siebold & Zucc.
ssp. obtusifolium

1846. L. obtusifolium  Siebold & Zucc.
1899. L. obtusifolium var. regelianum
1900. L. ibota var. regelianum Rehder
1904. L. regelianum  Koehne
Border privet Introduced from
 Japan,
Highly invasive,
NYIS: 77%[1],
Prohibited[2],
CP-2[3] NE-4[4],
IPA VT
Ligustrum obtusifolium2.jpg
Ligustrum obtusifolium ssp obtusifolium nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-X0
NEW 
ARS 
Trop.


Images, wsp
Siebold & Zucc.
ssp. suave

1861. Ligustrum amurense  Carrière
1934. L. ibota var. suave Kitag.
1965. L. obtusifolium ssp. suave Kitag.
Amur privet,
Amur river privet[4]
Introduced from
 China,
Potentially invasive,
NYIS: NA[5]
Ligustrum obtusifolium 3.JPG
Ligustrum obtusifolium ssp suave nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-X0
NEW 
ARS 
Trop.


Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Ligustrum vulgare  L.
1877. L. insulense  Decne.
1879. L. insulare  Decne.
European privet,
Common privet,
Wild privet,
Prim

Troène commun,
Troène
Introduced from
 Europe,
 western Asia,
 northern Africa,
Moderately invasive,
NYIS: 68%[6]
Schurenbachhalde 11 ies.jpg
Ligustrum vulgare nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS 
Trop.


Images, wsp
 Hassk.

1844. Ligustrum ovalifolium  Hassk.
1850. L. japonicum var. ovalifolium Blume
1877. L. californicum  Decne.
1878. L. medium  Franch. & Sav.
California privet,
Oval-leaf privet,
Garden privet

Troène des haies
Introduced from
 Japan,
 South Korea,
Invasive,
NYIS: 45%[7]
Ligustrum ovalifolium001.jpg
Ligustrum ovalifolium nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS 



Images, wsp
 Lour.

1790. Ligustrum sinense  Lour.
1874. L. villosum  May
1931. L. microcarpum  Kaneh. & Sasaki
Chinese privet,
Small-leaf privet
Introduced from
 China, Taiwan,
 Laos, Vietnam,
Potentially invasive,
NYIS: NA[8]
Ligustrum sinense leaves and flowers 2.jpg
Ligustrum sinense nymap.svg
NYFA-U
USDA-X0
NEW 
ARS 
Trop.


Images, wsp
Subtribe Oleinae[edit]
Oleaceaetribe Oleeaesubtr. Oleinae
Chionanthus Fringetree N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
White fringetree Introduced,
N. America native
Chionanthus virginicus 002.JPG
Chionanthus virginicus NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-N0



NSE BNA 

Images, wsp

Family Tetrachondraceae[edit]

The Tetrachondraceae ...[1][2]

Tetrachondraceae
Polypremum Juniper leaf N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.
Juniper leaf Introduced,
N. America native,
Impersistent
Polypremum procumbens 13912.jpg
NYFA-X
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
  1. Tetrachondraceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.
  2. Tetrachondraceae USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) PLANTS Database (2013).

Family Plantaginaceae[edit]

The Plantaginaceae (plantain family)[1][2]

Tribe Gratioleae[edit]

Plantaginaceaetribe Gratioleae
Gratiola Hedge-hyssop N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 Pursh

Gratiola aurea var. obtusa
Gratiola lutea Raf.
Golden hedge-hyssop Native,
Likely secure
Gratiola aurea BB-1913.png
Gratiola aurea NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
 Torr.
Clammy hedge-hyssop Native,
Secure
Gratiola neglecta NRCS-1.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngGratiola neglecta NRCS-2.png
Gratiola neglecta NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
Leucospora Leucospora N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (Michx.) Nutt.

Capraria multifida
Conobea multifida
Cliff conobea Introduced,
Endangered
Leucospora multifida NRCS-1.jpg
Leucospora multifida NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
  1. Plantaginaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.
  2. Plantaginaceae USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) PLANTS Database (2013).

Tribe Cheloneae[edit]

Genus Chelone[edit]
Plantaginaceaetribe Cheloneaegenus Chelone
Chelone Turtlehead N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 L.
White turtlehead Native,
Secure
Chelone-glabra.jpg
Chelone glabra NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW 


BNA 

Images, wsp
 Pursh

1814. Chelone Lyonii  Pursh
Pink turtlehead,
Red turtlehead
Introduced,
US South native,
No reports
Chelone lyonii2SHSU.jpg
Chelone lyonii NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-N0
NEW 


NSE BNA 

Images, wsp
 L.

1767. Chelone obliqua  L.
1935. Chelone obliqua
   ssp.
typica (L.) Pennell nom. inval.
Red turtlehead Introduced,
US South native,
No reports

Perennial,
Forb-herb
Chelone obliqua-IMG 6142.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-0
USDA-N0
NEW 
ITIS

NSE BNA 

Images, wsp
Genus Penstemon[edit]
Plantaginaceaetribe Cheloneaegenus Penstemon
Penstemon Beardtongue N.Y. Status Images Distribution 5
 Nutt. ex Sims

P. laevigatus ssp. digitalis
P. laevigatus var. angulatus
Foxglove beardtongue,
Talus-slope beard-tongue
Native,
Secure
Penstemon digitalis0.jpg
Penstemon digitalis NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NX





Images, wsp
 (L.) Willd.
Hairy beardtongue,
Hairy beard-tongue,
Northeastern beard-tongue
Native,
Secure
Penstemon hirsutus (pubescens)0.jpg
Penstemon hirsutus NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ITIS



Images, wsp
 Small
Pale beardtongue Native,
Secure
Penstemon pallidus BB-1913.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NX

ITIS



Images, wsp
 Small

P. laevigatus ssp. calycosus
Longsepal beardtongue,
Long-sepal beard-tongue
Introduced,
N. America native
Penstemon calycosus flower.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngPenstemon calycosus.jpg
NYFA-X
USDA-N0





Images, wsp
Nutt. (1837)
White-wand beardtongue Introduced,
N. America native
Penstemon tubiflorus BB-1913.png
NYFA-X
USDA-NX

ITIS



Images, wsp
Genus Collinsia[edit]
Plantaginaceaetribe Cheloneaegenus Collinsia
Collinsia Blue-eyed-Mary N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 Nutt.
Spring blue-eyed Mary Native,
No recent reports,
DEC-A[1]
Collinsea verna-jk1.jpg
Collinsia verna NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-Z
USDA-NN





Images, wsp

Tribe Antirrhineae[edit]

Plantaginaceaetribe Antirrhineae
Nuttallanthus Toadflax N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(L.) D.A. Sutton

Linaria canadensis (L.) Chaz.
Canada toadflax,
Old-field toadflax
Native,
Likely secure
Nuttallanthus canadensis BB-1913.png
Nuttallanthus canadensis NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
Chaenorhinum Dwarf-snapdragon N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(L.) Lange
Dwarf snapdragon Introduced
Chaenorhinum-minus-4274.jpg
Chaenorhinum minus NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
Linaria Toadflax N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
 Mill.

Linaria linaria (L.) Karst.
Yellow toadflax,
Butter-and-eggs,
Flax-weed,
Wild snapdragon,
Eggs-and-bacon
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Potentially invasive,
Refs.[1][2]
2009-09-20 (49) Bee, Ackerhummel Bombus agrorum.JPG
Linaria vulgaris NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp

L. genistifolia ssp. dalmatica
Antirrhinum dalmaticum L.
Balkan toadflax,
Dalmatian toadflax
Introduced from
 Mediterranean,
Potentially invasive,
Refs.[3][4],
Invasive.org
Linaria dalmatica ssp dalmatica 0024001.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngLinaria dalmatica ssp dalmatica 0024002.jpg
Linaria dalmatica NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
 Hooker f.
Morocco toadflax,
Moroccan toadflax
Introduced,
Impersistent
Linaria maroccana cv1.jpg
Linaria maroccana NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
Cymbalaria Cymbalaria N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
Gaertn., Meyer & Sherb.

Linaria cymbalaria
Kenilworth ivy Introduced
Cymbalaria muralis 20081025 2.jpg
Cymbalaria muralis NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
 Wettst.
White coliseum-ivy,
Italian toadflax
Introduced
Cymbalaria pallida 01.jpg
Cymbalaria pallida NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-00





Images, wsp
Kickxia Cancerwort N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 (L.) Dumort.
Sharp-point toadflax Introduced
Linaire bâtarde (Kickxia elatine).png
Kickxia elatine NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
 (L.) Dumort.
Round-leaved cancerwort Introduced
Kickxia spuria Sturm 23.png
Kickxia spuria NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
Antirrhinum Snapdragon N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
Garden snapdragon Introduced
Antirrhinum majus B.jpg
Antirrhinum majus NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
Misopates Snapdragon N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (L.) Raf.

Antirrhinum orontium L.
Lesser snapdragon Introduced,
Impersistent
Misopates orontium1.jpg
Misopates orontium NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-Xm
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
  1. National Invasive Species Information Center lists Linaria vulgaris as invasive in the US.
  2. Invasive Plant Atlas of the United States lists Linaria vulgaris as invasive in adjacent states CT & NJ and ten other states.
  3. National Invasive Species Information Center lists Linaria dalmatica as invasive in the US.
  4. Invasive Plant Atlas of the United States lists Linaria dalmatica as invasive in four western states.

Tribe Callitricheae[edit]

Plantaginaceaetribe Callitricheae
Callitriche Water-starwort N.Y. Status Images Distribution 5
 Pursh
ssp. heterophylla

Callitriche anceps Fernald
Diverseleaf water-starwort,
Twoheaded water-starwort
Native,
Secure
Callitriche heterophylla NRCS-1.pngImg spacer 2x87.pngCallitriche heterophylla NRCS-2.jpg
Callitriche heterophylla ssp heterophylla NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
 L.

Callitriche verna L.
Vernal water-starwort Native,
Secure
Callitriche palustris.jpg
Callitriche palustris NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
 Raf.

Callitriche austinii Engelm.
Callitriche deflexa A.Braun
Terrestrial water-starwort Native,
Threatened,
DEC-B[1]
Callitriche terrestris drawing 1.png
Callitriche terrestris NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-2-3
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
 L.
Autumnal water-starwort,
Northern water-starwort
Native,
Endangered,
DEC-A[2]
Callitriche spp Sturm38.jpg
Callitriche hermaphroditica NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-1
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
Pond water-starwort Introduced,
Somewhat invasive,
NYIS: 49%[3]
Callitriche stagnalis Enfoque 2010-8-14 FuenteLaNava.jpg
Callitriche stagnalis NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
Hippuris Mare's-tail N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.

1953. Hippuris vulgaris  L.
Common mare's-tail

Hippuride vulgaire,
Queue de cheval,
Pesse vulgaire
Native,
Endangered,
DEC-A[2]
Przęstka pospolita (Hippuris vulgaris).JPG
NYFA-1
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS 



Images, wsp

Tribe Digitalideae[edit]

Plantaginaceaetribe Digitalideae
DigitalisL. sect. Digitalis Foxglove N.Y. Status Images Distribution 4
 L.

1753. Digitalis purpurea  L.
Purple foxglove,
Common foxglove,
Digitalis,
Fairy cap

Digitale pourpre,
Grande digitale
Introduced from
 Europe,
 Morocco,
Moderately invasive,
NYIS: 53%[1]
Cluster of foxgloves, Digitalis purpurea - geograph.org.uk - 827285.jpg
Digitalis purpurea NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS 



Images, wsp
DigitalisL. sect. Globiflorae Foxglove N.Y. Status Images Distribution 4
 Ehrh.

1792. Digitalis lanata  Ehrh.
Grecian foxglove,
Woolly foxglove,
Woolly digitalis

Digitale laineuse
Introduced from
 Europe,
 Turkey,
Somewhat invasive,
NYIS: 37%[2]
Digitalis lanata (7446876792).jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngDigitalis lanata 04.jpg
Digitalis lanata NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS 



Images, wsp
DigitalisL. sect. Macranthae Foxglove N.Y. Status Images Distribution 4
 Mill.

1768. Digitalis grandiflora  Mill.
1770. Digitalis ambigua  Murray
Yellow foxglove,
Large yellow foxglove

Digitale à grandes fleurs
Introduced from
 Eurasia
Digitalis grandiflora.jpg
Digitalis grandiflora NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS 



Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Digitalis lutea  L.
Straw foxglove,
Small yellow foxglove

Digitale jaune,
Digitale à petites fleurs,
Petite digitale
Introduced from
 Europe
Scrophulariaceae - Digitalis lutea (8304665176).jpg
Digitalis lutea NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS 



Images, wsp

Tribe Veroniceae[edit]

Genus Veronica[edit]
Veronica subg. Beccabunga[edit]
Plantaginaceaetribe Veroniceaegenus Veronicasubg. Beccabunga
Veronica Speedwell N.Y. Status Images Distribution 24
Schwein. ex Benth. 1846
American speedwell,
American brooklime
Native,
Secure
Veronica americana 5496922.jpg
Veronica americana NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ARS 



Images, wsp
L. 1753

V. catenata auct.
Blue speedwell,
Water pimpernel,
Brook pimpernel,
Water speedwell,
Blue water speedwell

Mouron d'eau
Native,
Secure
Veronica anagallis-aquatica EnfoqueInflores 2011-6-11 CampodeCalatrava.jpg
Veronica anagallis-aquatica NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
 L.
ssp. peregrina
Neckweed,
Purslane speedwell
Native,
Secure
Veronica serpyllifolia 2131.jpg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
 Pennell 1921

V. anagallis-aquatica auct.
Chain speedwell,
Pink water speedwell,
Water speedwell,
Pennell's speedwell
Native,
Vulnerable
NYFA-3-5
USDA-NN

ARS 



Images, wsp
 L.
ssp. xalapensis

Veronica xalapensis Kunth
Veronica sherwoodii M.Peck
Hairy purslane speedwell,
Neckweed
Native,
Vulnerable
Veronica peregrina ssp xalapensis NRCS-1.jpg
Veronica peregrina ssp xalapensis NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-3
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
(Dicks. ex With.) Syme
ssp. humifusa

Veronica tenella All.
Veronica humifusa Dicks.
Bright blue speedwell Introduced,
N. America native
Veronica serpyllifolia 2131.jpg
NYFA-X
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
ssp. serpyllifolia
Thyme-leaved speedwell Introduced
Veronica serpyllifolia 1.jpg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
 L.
Brooklime,
European speedwell
Introduced,
Moderately invasive,
NYIS: 62%[1]
Veronica beccabunga.jpeg
Veronica beccabunga NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
Veronica subg. Chamaedrys[edit]
'Plantaginaceae tribe Veroniceae genus Veronica subg. Chamaedrys
Veronica Speedwell N.Y. Status Images Distribution 24
 L.
Corn speedwell Introduced
Veronica arvensis detail.jpeg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
 L.
Germander speedwell Introduced
Veronica chamaedrys rozrazil rezevítek 2.jpg
Veronica chamaedrys NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
 Crantz
Dillen's speedwell Introduced
Rozrazil Dilleniův.JPG
NYFA-X
USDA-X0





Images, wsp
 L.
Spring speedwell Introduced
Veronica verna eF.jpg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
Veronica subg. Cochlidiosperma[edit]
Plantaginaceaetribe Veroniceaegenus Veronicasubg. Cochlidiosperma
Veronica Speedwell N.Y. Status Images Distribution 24
 L.
Ivy-leaved speedwell Introduced
Veronica hederifolia.2006-04-16.1.uellue.jpg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
Veronica subg. Orientales[edit]
Plantaginaceaetribe Veroniceaegenus Veronicasubg. Orientales
Veronica Speedwell N.Y. Status Images Distribution 24
 L.
ssp. teucrium
Broad-leaved speedwell Introduced
Veronica austriaca ssp teucrium 1.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngVeronica austriaca ssp teucrium 2.jpg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
Veronica subg. Pocilla[edit]
Plantaginaceaetribe Veroniceaegenus Veronicasubg. Pocilla
Veronica Speedwell N.Y. Status Images Distribution 24
 L.
Field speedwell,
Green field speedwell
Introduced
Veronica agrestis W.jpg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
 L.

Pocilla biloba (L.) W.A. Weber
Two-lobe speedwell Introduced,
Rare
Veronica biloba (5822752819).jpg
Veronica biloba NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
 Sm.
Slender speedwell Introduced
Siūlinė veronika.jpg
Veronica filiformis NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
 Poir.

Pocilla persica
Bird-eye speedwell Introduced
Common field speedwell (Veronica persica) - geograph.org.uk - 393851.jpg
Veronica persica NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
 Fries

Pocilla polita (Fr.) Fourr.
Veronica didyma Ten. p.p.
Wayside speedwell Introduced
Veronica polita eF.jpg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
Veronica subg. Pseudolysimachion[edit]
Plantaginaceaetribe Veroniceaegenus Veronicasubg. Pseudolysimachion
Veronica Speedwell N.Y. Status Images Distribution 24
 Fisch. ex Spreng. 1821

1835. Veronica bachofenii Heuff.
1967. Pseudolysimachion bachofenii
Heartleaf speedwell,
Heart-leaved speedwell
Introduced,
Impersistent,
E. Europe native
Veronica grandis NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS 



Images, wsp
 L. 1753

1852. Pseudolysimachion longifolium (L.) Opiz
Longleaf speedwell,
Long-leaf speedwell,
Long-leaved speedwell,
Garden speedwell
Introduced,
Eurasia native
Veronica longifolia.jpg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS 



Images, wsp
 L.
Spike speedwell Introduced
Týnecké mokřiny (07) - Veronica spicata.JPG
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
Veronica subg. Veronica[edit]
Plantaginaceaetribe Veroniceaegenus Veronicasubg. Veronica
Veronica Speedwell N.Y. Status Images Distribution 24
 L.
Marsh speedwell,
Skullcap speedwell
Native,
Secure
VeronicaScutellata.jpg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Veronica officinalis  L.
1862. V. officinalis var. tournefortii Rchb.
Common speedwell,
Gypsy-weed,
Common gypsy-weed
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 Mararonesia,
Moderately invasive,
NYIS: 52%[1]
Veronica officinalis 1531.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS 



Images, wsp
  1. New York non-native plant invasiveness assessmentVeronica officinalis: Moderate (52). M.J.Jordan, G.Moore & T.W.Weldy (2008). Invasiveness ranking system for non-native plants of New York. Unpublished. The Nature Conservancy, Albany & Cold Spring Harbor, NY; Brooklyn Botanic Garden, Brooklyn, NY.
Genus Veronicastrum[edit]
Plantaginaceaetribe Veroniceaegenus Veronicastrum
Veronicastrum Veronicastrum N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (L.) Farw.
Culver's root,
Blackroot,
Bowman's root,
Tall speedwell
Native,
Threatened
Veronicastrum virginicum NRCS-1.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngVeronicastrum virginicum 1.jpg
NYFA-2
USDA-NN





Images, wsp

Tribe Plantagineae[edit]

Genus Littorella [edit]
Plantaginaceaetribe Plantagineaegenus Littorella
Littorella Shore grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (L.) Asch.

Littorella americana Fernald
Littorella uniflora var. americana
American shore-grass Native,
Endangered
LittorellaUniflora2.jpg
NYFA-1
USDA-NN




Note [1]
Images, wsp
Genus Plantago subg. Plantago[edit]
Plantaginaceaetribe Plantagineaegenus Plantagosubg. Plantago
Plantago Plantain N.Y. Status Images Distribution 14
Black-seeded plantain Native,
Secure
Plantago rugelii BB-1913.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NX





Images, wsp
 L.
Virginia plantain,
Pale-seeded plantain,
Hoary plantain
Native,
Secure
Plantago virginica BB-1913.png
Plantago virginica NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NX





Images, wsp
 Lam.
Heart-leaved plantain Native,
Rare
Plantago cordata 1.jpg
Plantago cordata NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-3
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
 Torr.
Redwool plantain Introduced,
N. America native
Plantago eriopoda drawing 1.png
Plantago eriopoda NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
Dwarf plantain Introduced,
N. America native
Plantago pusilla BB-1913.png
Plantago pusilla NY-dist-map.png

USDA-N0





Images, wsp
 Nutt.
Slender plantain Introduced,
N. America native
Plantago heterophylla drawing 1.png
NYFA-X
USDA-N0





Images, wsp
 L.
Common plantain,
Nipple-seeded plantain
Introduced
Plantago major Blanco1.20-cropped.jpg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
 L.
Hoavy plantain Introduced
Plantago media leaves.jpg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
Genus Plantago subg. Coronopus[edit]
Plantaginaceaetribe Plantagineaegenus Plantagosubg. Coronopus
Plantago Plantain N.Y. Status Images Distribution 14
 L.
var. juncoides

Plantago juncoides Lam.
Plantago maritima ssp. borealis
Plantago oliganthos
Seaside plantain Native,
Threatened
Plantago maritima.jpg
Plantago maritima var juncoides NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-2-3
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
 L.
Buckhorn plantain Introduced,
Rare
9385 Plantago coronopus.JPG
Plantago coronopus NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
Genus Plantago subg. Psyllium s.l[edit]

This subgenus combines subg. Psyllium s.s and subg. Albicans, which have been found to be polyphyletic when treated separately.

Plantaginaceaetribe Plantagineaegenus Plantagosubg. Psyllium s.l
Plantago Plantain N.Y. Status Images Distribution 14
 Michx.
Largebracted plantain,
Rat-tail plantain,
Western ripplegrass
Introduced,
N. America native
Plantagoaristata.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngPlantago aristata drawing 1.png
Plantago aristata NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-NX





Images, wsp
 Jacq.
Woolly plantain Introduced,
N. America native
Plantago patagonica 4.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngPlantago patagonica 5.jpg
NYFA-X
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
 Waldst. & Kit.

Plantago psyllium L.
Plantago indica L.
Plantago scabra Moench
Sand plantain Introduced
Plantago arenaria, Flora Batava, V16.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngPlantago scabra1.jpg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
 L.
Narrowleaf plantain,
Narrow-leaved plantain
Introduced
Plantago lanceolata flowers.jpg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp

Family Scrophulariaceae[edit]

The Scrophulariaceae (figwort Family) ...[1][2]

Subfamily Scrophularioideae[edit]

Tribe Scrophularieae[edit]
Scrophulariaceaesubfam. Scrophularioideaetribe Scrophularieae
Scrophularia Figwort N.Y. Status Images Distribution 4
Pursh 1813
Hare figwort,
Lanceleaf figwort,
American figwort
Native,
Secure
Scrophularia lanceolata 001p.jpg
Scrophularia lanceolata NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ARS 



Images, wsp
L. 1753
Carpenter's square,
Figwort,
Eastern figwort,
Maryland figwort
Native,
Likely secure
Scrophularia marilandica BB-1913.png
NYFA-4
USDA-NN

ARS 



Images, wsp
 L. 1753
Woodland figwort,
Common figwort,
Figwort
Introduced,
Eurasia native
Scrophularia nodosa4 W.jpg
NYFA-X
USDA-NX

ARS 



Images, wsp
L. 1753

S. aquatica auct.
Shoreline figwort,
Water betony,
Water figwort
Introduced,
Impersistent
Scrophularia auriculata TalloyHojas 2011-5-14 SierraMadrona.jpg
Scrophularia auriculata NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-Xm
USDA-X0

ARS 



Images, wsp
Verbascum Mullein N.Y. Status Images Distribution 7
 L. 1753
Moth mullein,
White moth mullein
Introduced,
Eurasia native,
N. Africa native
Verbascum blattaria (3741882422).jpg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS 



Images, wsp
 L. 1753
White mullein Introduced,
Eurasia native
Verbascum lychnitis - flora.jpg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS 



Images, wsp
L. 1753
Orange mullein,
Clasping-leaved mullein
Introduced,
Eurasia native
Verbascum phlomoides flower.jpg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS 



Images, wsp
L. 1753

1753. V. phoenicium L. (orth var)
Purple mullein Introduced,
Eurasia native
Verbascum phoeniceum J1.JPG
NYFA-X
USDA-X0

ARS 



Images, wsp
 L. 1753
Wavyleaf mullein,
Wavy-leaved mullein,
Black-leaved mullein,
Scallop-leaved mullein
Introduced
Verbascum sinuatum habitusCampoCalatrava.jpg
NYFA-X
USDA-X0





Images, wsp
 L. 1753
Common mullein,
Great mullein,
Molène,
Bouillon blanc
Introduced
Scrophulariaceae - Verbascum thapsus-1 (8304662826).jpg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
K.Koch 1837
[ lychnitis × thapsus ]
Mullein Introduced
Verbascum lychnitis beauvais-sables-bracheux 60 20062008 5.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngVerbascum thapsus 01 by-dpc.jpg
NYFA-X
USDA-X0

ARS 



Images, wsp
  1. Scrophulariaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.
  2. Scrophulariaceae USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) PLANTS Database (2013).
Tribe Limoselleae[edit]
Scrophulariaceaesubfam. Scrophularioideaetribe Limoselleae
Limosella Mudwort N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
R.Br. (1810)

L. aquatica var. tenuifolia
L. subulata
Mudwort,
Welsh mudwort
Native,
Rare,
Vulnerable
Edersee schlammling ds wv 10 2008.jpg
Limosella australis NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-3
USDA-NN





Images, wsp

Subfamily Buddlejoideae[edit]

Tribe Buddlejeae[edit]
Scrophulariaceaesubfam. Buddlejoideaetribe Buddlejeae
Buddleja Butterflybush N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 Franch.
Orange-eye butterfly bush Introduced,
Invasive,
NYIS: 45%[1]
BuddlejaDavidiiStrauch.jpg
Buddleja davidii NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
  1. New York non-native plant invasiveness assessmentBuddleja davidii: Low (45). M.J.Jordan, G.Moore & T.W.Weldy (2008). Invasiveness ranking system for non-native plants of New York. Unpublished. The Nature Conservancy, Albany & Cold Spring Harbor, NY; Brooklyn Botanic Garden, Brooklyn, NY.