Flora of New York/Gentianales

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Ericales
Flora of New York: Gentianales
Solanales
Table of
contents
Genus
index
Protected species index Invasive species index


The order Gentianales...[1]

Family Rubiaceae[edit]

The Rubiaceae (coffee or madder family).[1][2]

Subfamily Cinchonoideae[edit]

Tribe Naucleeae[edit]

Genus Cephalanthus[edit]
Rubiaceaesubfam. Cinchonoideaetribe Naucleeaegenus Cephalanthus
Cephalanthus Buttonbush N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.
Common buttonbush,
Button willow,
Honey bells
Native,
Secure
Cephalanthus occidentalis 2.JPG
Cephalanthus occidentalis NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ARS 



Images, wsp
  1. Rubiaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.
  2. Rubiaceae USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) PLANTS Database (2013).

Subfamily Rubioideae[edit]

Tribe Morindeae[edit]

Rubiaceaesubfam. Rubioideaetribe Morindeae
Mitchella Mitchella N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.

1753. Mitchella repens  L.
1862. Perdicesca repens  (L.) Prov.
Partridgeberry,
Partridge-berry,
Two-eyed berry,
Squaw vine

Pain-de-perdrix
Native,
Secure
Mitchella repens 2004.JPG
Mitchella repens nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW 
ARS 
Trop.


Images, wsp

Tribe Spermacoceae[edit]

Rubiaceaesubfam. Rubioideaetribe Spermacoceae
Diodia Buttonweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 Walter
var. teres

Diodella teres (Walter) Small
Poorjoe,
Buttonweed
Native,
Secure
Diodia teres.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngDiodia teres BB-1913.png
Diodia teres var teres NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-N0





Images, wsp
Houstonia Bluet N.Y. Status Images Distribution 4
 L.
Azure bluet Native,
Secure
Bluets (Houstonia caerulea) Hedyotis caerulea.jpg
NYFA-5





Images, wsp
 Gaertn.
Longleaf bluet,
Longleaf summer bluet,
Houstonie à longues feuilles
Native,
Secure
Houstonia longifolia BB-1913-1.pngImg spacer 2x87.pngHoustonia longifolia BB-1913-2.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
 L.
var. calycosa A.Gray

Hedyotis purpurea var. calycosa
Houstonia calycosa
Purple bluet,
Venus' pride
Native,
Endangered
Houstonia purpurea - Venus Pride.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngHoustonia purpurea L. Venus' pride.tiff
NYFA-Z1
USDA-N0





Images, wsp
 L.
var. purpurea

Hedyotis purpurea
Purple bluet Native,
Endangered
Hedyotis purpurea montana.jpg
NYFA-Z





Images, wsp
Oldenlandia Oldenlandia N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.
Clustered bluets,
Clustered mille graines
Native,
Endangered
Oldenlandia uniflora BB-1913.png
Oldenlandia uniflora NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-1
USDA-N0





Images, wsp

Tribe Rubieae[edit]

Genus Asperula[edit]
Rubiaceaesubfam. Rubioideaetribe Rubieaegenus Asperula
Asperula Woodruff N.Y. Status Images Distribution n
Blue woodruff Introduced
Asperula arvensis0.jpg
NYFA-X





Images, wsp
Genus Cruciata[edit]
Rubiaceaesubfam. Rubioideaetribe Rubieaegenus Cruciata
Cruciata Bedstraw N.Y. Status Images Distribution n
 (Bellardi) Ehrend.

1789. Galium pedemontanum  (Bellardi) All.
1788. Vaillantia pedemontana  Bellardi
1961. Cruciata pedemontana  (Bellardi) Ehrend.
Piedmont bedstraw,
Yellow bedstraw,
Piedmont Crosswort
Introduced
Cruciata pedemontana sl2.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-


Trop.


Images, wsp
 Opiz

1771. Galium cruciata  (L.) Scop.
1852. Cruciata laevipes  Opiz
1958. Cruciata chersonensis  Ehrend.
Smooth bedstraw Introduced
20140507Cruciata laevipes3.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-X0


Trop.


Images, wsp
Genus Galium[edit]

Galium....[1] [2]

Galium sect. Platygalium[edit]
Rubiaceaesubfam. Rubioideaetribe Rubieaegenus Galiumsect. Platygalium
Galium sect. Platygalium Bedstraw N.Y. Status Images Distribution 24
 L.

Galium hyssopifolium
Galium septentrionale
Galium strictum
Northern bedstraw Native,
Secure
Galium-boreale-foliage.jpg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
 Torr.

(=) G. circaezans var. lanceolatum
Lanceleaf wild licorice,
Torrey's wild licorice
Native,
Secure
Galium lanceolatum BB-1913.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
var. circaezans

G. bermudense
G. circaeoides
G. rotundifolium
   var. circaezans
Licorice bedstraw,
Wild licorice
Native,
Secure
Galium circaezans var circaezans drawing.png
NYFA-5
USDA-





Images, wsp
var. hypomalacum
Licorice bedstraw,
Forest bedstraw,
Wild licorice
Native,
Vulnerable
Galium circaezans drawing.png
NYFA-3
USDA-





Images, wsp
 Aiton
ssp. pilosum
Hairy bedstraw Native,
Likely secure
Galium pilosum BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW 




Images, wsp
 Aiton
ssp. puncticulosum
(Michx.) Torr. & A. Gray

1788. Galium purpureum  Walter non. L.
1791. Galium walteri  J.F.Gmel.
1803. Galium puncticulosum  Michx.
1805. Galium punctatum  Pers.
1841. Galium pilosum var. puncticulosum
Hairy bedstraw Native,
No records
Nymap.svg
NYFA-D
USDA-N0
NEW 

Trop.


Images, wsp
Steller ex Schult. & Schult.f
Boreal bedstraw Native,
Endangered
Galium kamtschaticum BB-1913.png
NYFA-1
USDA-NN
NEW 




Images, wsp
Torrey & A.Gray
Shining bedstraw Native,
Endangered
Galium concinnum BB-1913.png
NYFA-1
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
Galium sect. Aparinoides[edit]
Rubiaceaesubfam. Rubioideaetribe Rubieaegenus Galiumsect. Aparinoides
Galium sect. Aparinoides Bedstraw N.Y. Status Images Distribution 24
 Michx.
Rough bedstraw,
Kidney-vine,
Pointed cleavers
Native,
Secure
Galium asprellum.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngGalium asprellum drawing.png
Galium asprellum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW 




Images, wsp
 L.
Common marsh bedstraw,
Marsh bedstraw
Native,
Secure
Galium.palustre.-.lindsey.jpg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW 




Images, wsp
 L.
Stiff marsh bedstraw,
Stiff three-petal bedstraw
Native,
Secure
Galium tinctorium NRCS-1.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngGalium tinctorium BB-1913-1.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW 




Images, wsp
 L.
ssp. trifidum

(=) G. brandegeei  A.Gray p.p.
Three-petal bedstraw Native,
Secure
Galium trifidum 4.JPG
Galium trifidum ssp trifidum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW 




Images, wsp
 Bigelow 1824
ssp. obtusum

(=) G. trifidum var. latifolium  Torr.
(=) G. obtusum var. ramosum  Gleason
Bluntleaf bedstraw,
Blunt-leaved bedstraw
Native,
Secure
Galium obtusum NRCS-1.jpg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW 




Images, wsp
(Wieg.) Wieg.

(=) G. tinctorium var. labradoricum
Bog bedstraw,
Northern bog bedstraw
Native,
Likely secure
Galium labradoricum BB-1913.png
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW 




Images, wsp
Fernald & Wiegand

(=) G. trifidum ssp. brevipes
Limestone swamp bedstraw Native,
Likely extirpated
Galium brevipes BB-1913.png
Galium brevipes NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-Z
USDA-NN
NEW 




Images, wsp


Galium sect. Kolgyda[edit]
Rubiaceaesubfam. Rubioideaetribe Rubieaegenus Galiumsect. Kolgyda
Galium sect. Kolgyda Bedstraw N.Y. Status Images Distribution 24
 L. 1753
Catchweed bedstraw,
Cleavers,
Stickywilly,
Scratch bedstraw
Native,
Secure
Galium aparine 2004-04-07.jpg
Galium aparine NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NX?
NEW 
ARS 



Images, wsp
 Dandy

Galium tricorne Stokes p.p.
Rough-fruited corn bedstraw,
Roughfruit corn bedstraw
Introduced
Galium tricornutum - Flora batava 1893.pngImg spacer 2x87.pngNsr-slika-276.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
Galium sect. Hylaea[edit]
Rubiaceaesubfam. Rubioideaetribe Rubieaegenus Galiumsect. Hylaea
Galium sect. Hylaea Bedstraw N.Y. Status Images Distribution 24
 Michx.
Fragrant bedstraw,
Sweet-scented bedstraw
Native,
Secure
Galium triflorum 0807042 4x3.jpg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW 




Images, wsp
 (L.) Scop.

Asperula odorata
Sweet bedstraw,
Sweetscented bedstraw
Introduced,
Somewhat invasive,
NYIS: 48%[1]
Woodruff1.jpg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
Galium sect. Leiogalium[edit]
Rubiaceaesubfam. Rubioideaetribe Rubieaegenus Galiumsect. Leiogalium
Galium sect. Leiogalium Bedstraw N.Y. Status Images Distribution 24
 L.

Galium erectum
White bedstraw,
Smooth bedstraw,
False baby's-breath,
Wild madder,
Whorled bedstraw
Introduced,
from Eurasia,
from N. Africa
Galium mollugo01.jpg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS 



Images, wsp
 L.
Scotch-mist Introduced
Galium sylvaticum (Wald-Labkraut) IMG 3333.JPGImg spacer 2x87.pngGalium sylvatica kz1.jpg
Galium sylvaticum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
 L.
Awned bedstraw Introduced,
from Eurasia,
from N. Africa
Galium aristatum flowering plant 001.JPG
Galium aristatum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-





Images, wsp
Galium sect. Galium[edit]
Rubiaceaesubfam. Rubioideaetribe Rubieaegenus Galiumsect. Galium
Galium sect. Galium Bedstraw N.Y. Status Images Distribution 24
 L.
ssp. verum

G. verum var. verum
Lady's bedstraw,
Yellow bedstraw,
Yellow spring bedstraw
Introduced
CublesuSJ2012 (91).JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
 L.
ssp. wirtgenii

G. verum var. wirtgenii
G. wirtgenii
Wirtgen's bedstraw Introduced
Galium wirtgenii.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
 Retz.

Galium mollugo ×
Galium verum

1795. Galium × pomeranicum  Retz.
1804. Galium × ochroleucum  Wolf ex Schweigg.
1850. Galium × ambiguum  Gren. & Godr.
1903. G. × ochroleucum var. ambiguum Rouy
Pale yellow bedstraw Introduced,
N. America native
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XN


Trop.


Images, wsp
Genus Sherardia[edit]
Rubiaceaesubfam. Rubioideaetribe Rubieaegenus Sherardia
Sherardia Field madder N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.
Blue field madder,
Blue fieldmadder,
Cultivated field madder
Introduced
Sherardia arvensis Kaldari 01.jpg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
Genus Rubia[edit]
Rubiaceaesubfam. Rubioideaetribe Rubieaegenus Rubia
Rubia Rubia N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.

Rubia tinctoria L. orth. var.
Dyer's madder,
Indian madder,
Madder
Introduced,
Impersistent
Rubia tinctorum 001.JPGImg spacer 2x87.pngRubia tinctorum 002.JPG
NYFA-Xm
USDA-X0





Images, wsp

Family Loganiaceae[edit]

The Loganiaceae is a mostly-tropical family with no members that are native to or reported to have naturalized in New York.

Genus Spigelia[edit]

Spigelia marilandica, a native of the southeast, has been propagated in New York and sold in the "native" plant trade.

Loganiaceaegenus Spigelia
Spigelia Pinkroot N.Y. Status Images Distribution 0
 (L.) L.

1753. Lonicera marilandica  L.
1767. Spigelia marilandica  (L.) L.
Indian pink,
Woodland pinkroot
Introduced,
No specimens,
Cultivated

Perennial,
Forb-herb
Indianpink.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-0
USDA-N0

ARS 

NSE BNA 

Images, wsp

Family Gentianaceae[edit]

The Gentianaceae (gentian family).[1][2]

Tribe Chironieae[edit]

Gentianaceaetribe Chironieae
Centaurium Centaury N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 Rafn
European centaury Introduced
Centaurium erythraea 6238.jpg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
 (Sw.) Druce
Branched centaury,
Branching centaury-plant
Introduced
CentauriumPulchellum.jpg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
Sabatia Rose-gentian N.Y. Status Images Distribution 4
Square-stemmed rose pink Native,
Endangered
Sabatia angularis 001.jpg
NYFA-1
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
 (L.) Torr.

Sabatia gracilis (Michx.) Salisb.
Slender marsh pink,
Slender rose gentian
Native,
Endangered
Sabatia campanulata BB-1913.png
NYFA-1
USDA-N0





Images, wsp
 (L.) BSP.
var. dodecandra

Chironia dodecandra L.
Sabatia chloroides (Michx.) Pursh
Large marsh pink,
Marsh rose gentian
Native,
Extirpated
SabatiaDodecendra 05-07-29.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngSabatia dodecandra BB-1913.png
NYFA-Z
USDA-N0





Images, wsp
 Pursh

S. maculata (Benth.) Benth. & Hook.f.
S. palmeri A.Gray
S. purpusii Brandegee
S. simulata Britton
Marsh pink,
Rose of Plymouth,
Sea pink,
Saltmarsh rosegentian
Native,
Threatened
Marsh pink full.jpg
NYFA-2
USDA-N0





Images, wsp
  1. Gentianaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.
  2. Gentianaceae USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) PLANTS Database (2013).

Tribe Gentianeae[edit]

Genus Bartonia[edit]
Gentianaceaetribe Gentianeaegenus Bartonia
Bartonia Screwstem N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
(L.) Britton, Sterns & Poggenb.

1753. Sagina virginica  L.
1801. Bartonia tenella  Willd.
1888. Bartonia virginica  (L.) BSP
1895. Bartonia moseri  B.L.Rob.
Yellow screwstem,
Virginia screwstem,
Yellow bartonia

Bartonie de Virginie
Native,
Likely secure
Bartonia virginica BB-1913.pngImg spacer 2x87.pngBartonia virginica tip 2x3.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW Can

Trop.

IPN
Images, wsp
ssp. paniculata
Twining screwstem Native,
Endangered
Bartonia paniculata drawing 1.png
Bartonia paniculata ssp paniculata NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-1





Images, wsp
Genus Frasera[edit]
Gentianaceaetribe Gentianeaegenus Frasera
Frasera Green-gentian N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1

Frasera officinalis
Frasera verticillata
Frasera walteri
Swertia caroliniensis
American columbo,
Yellow gentian,
Carolina gentian
Native,
Threatened
Frasera caroliniensis drawing 1.png
Frasera caroliniensis NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-2
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
Genus Gentiana[edit]
Gentianaceaetribe Gentianeaegenus Gentiana
Gentiana Gentian N.Y. Status Images Distribution 5
 Griseb.
Fringe-topped bottle gentian Native,
Likely secure
Gentiana andrewsii NRCS-1.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
 Raf.
Bottle gentian,
Closed gentian
Native,
Likely secure
Gentiana.clausa NRCS-1.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
 Froel.
Narrow-leaved gentian Native,
Vulnerable
Gentiana linearis 2.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-3-4
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
 L.
Soapwort gentian,
Soap gentian,
Harvestbells
Native,
Endangered
Gentiana saponaria 001.jpg
Nymap.svg






Images, wsp
 Pringle
Downy gentian Native,
Likely extirpated
Gentiana puberulenta.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Z
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
Genus Gentianella[edit]
Gentianaceaetribe Gentianeaegenus Gentianella
Gentianella Dwarf-gentian N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (L.) Small
ssp. quinquefolia
Agueweed,
Gall-of-the-earth,
Stiff gentian
Native,
Likely secure
Gentianella quinquefolia 001.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngGentianella quinquefolia BB-1913.png
Gentianella quinquefolia ssp quinquefolia NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
Genus Gentianopsis[edit]
Gentianaceaetribe Gentianeaegenus Gentianopsis
Gentianopsis Fringed-gentian N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 (Froel.) Ma
Greater fringed gentian Native,
Likely secure
Gentianopsis crinita NRCS-1.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngImg spacer 2x87.pngImg spacer 2x87.pngGentiana crinita.jpg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
 (Raf.) Holub
Lesser fringed gentian Native,
Endangered
Gentianopsis virgata BB-1913.png
NYFA-1
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
Genus Halenia[edit]
Gentianaceaetribe Gentianeaegenus Halenia
Halenia Spurred-gentian N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (Sm.) Griseb.
Spurred gentian Native,
Endangered
Halenia deflexa NPS-1.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngHalenia deflexa-linedrawing.jpg
NYFA-1
USDA-NN





Images, wsp

Family Apocynaceae[edit]

The Apocynaceae (dogbane family).[1][2]

Subfamily Rauvolfioideae[edit]

Tribe Vinceae[edit]

A very common New York ground cover, both cultivated and naturalized is Vinca minor, known commonly as periwinkle or myrtle. It is often found in wooded areas were old homesteads once stood and along ditches and stream banks where floodwaters have carried the rhizomes downstream from their previous location.

Genus Vinca[edit]
Apocynaceaesubfam. Rauvolfioideaetribe Vinceaegenus Vinca
Vinca Periwinkle N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 L.

1753. Vinca minor  L.
Lesser periwinkle,
Common periwinkle,
Myrtle,
Running-myrtle

Petite pervenche,
Pervenche mineure
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Moderately invasive,
NYIS: 57%[3],
CP-3[4]
Vinca minor001.jpg
Vinca minor nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS 



Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Vinca major  L.
Greater periwinkle,
Bigleaf periwinkle,
Large-leaved periwinkle

Grande pervenche
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Rarely naturalizing
Apocynaceae - Vinca major-1.JPG
Vinca major nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-
NEW Can
ARS 
Trop.


Images, wsp
  1. Apocynaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.
  2. Apocynaceae USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) PLANTS Database (2013).
  3. New York non-native plant invasiveness assessmentVinca minor: Moderate (57).
  4. Appendix 3. Plant species that are considered moderately to highly invasive to natural areas in the central Finger Lakes region. Policy on the use of non-native plants in Cornell Plantations' accessioned collections (2009)
Genus Amsonia[edit]
Apocynaceaesubfam. Rauvolfioideaetribe Vinceaegenus Amsonia
Amsonia Bluestar N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
 Walter
var. tabernaemontana

1762. Tabernaemontana amsonia  L.
1788. Amsonia tabernaemontana  Walter
1894. Amsonia amsonia  (L.) Britton
Eastern bluestar Introduced,
N. America native
Amsonia tabernaemontana.jpg
Amsonia tabernaemontana var tabernaemontana nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-N0
NEW 
ARS 
Trop.
NSE BNA 

Images, wsp
 Walter
var. salicifolia (Pursh) Woodson

1814. Amsonia salicifolia  Pursh
1838. Ansonia salicifolia  (Pursh) Raf.
1928. A. tabernaemontana var. salicifolia
Eastern bluestar,
Willowleaf Bluestar
Introduced,
N. America native
Amsonia tabernaemontana0.jpg
Amsonia tabernaemontana var salicifolia nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-N0
NEW 
ARS 
Trop.
NSE BNA 

Images, wsp
 Woodson
Bluestar,
Ozark bluestar
Introduced,
N. America native
Amsonia illustris.jpg
Amsonia illustris nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-N0





Images, wsp

Subfamily Apocynoideae[edit]

Tribe Apocyneae[edit]

Genus Apocynum[edit]

Apocynum, or dogbane, is generally considered to be weedy native genus.

Apocynaceaesubfam. Apocynoideaetribe Apocyneaegenus Apocynum
Apocynum Dogbane N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3

1753. Apocynum androsaemifolium  L.
1894. Apocynum pumilum  (A.Gray) Greene
1901. Apocynum ambigens  Greene
1906. Apocynum scopulorum  Greene
Spreading dogbane,
Bitter-root,
Common dogbane
Native,
Secure
Spreading dogbane Apocynum androsaemifolium close.jpg
Apocynum androsaemifolium NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW 
ARS 
Trop.


Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Apocynum cannabinum  L.
1770. Apocynum sibiricum  Jacq.
1789. Apocynum hypericifolium  Aiton
1902. Apocynum suksdorfii  Greene
1912. Apocynum ithacense  Greene
Hemp dogbane,
Clasping-leaved dogbane,
Indian hemp,
American-hemp

Apocyn chanvrin
Native,
Secure
Apocynum cannabinum 6801.JPG
Apocynum cannabinum nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-N
NEW Can
ARS 
Trop.


Images, wsp
Greene (pro sp.)

Apocynum androsaemifolium ×
Apocynum cannabinum

1893. Apocynum × floribundum  Greene
1897. Apocynum × medium  Greene
1901. Apocynum × milleri  Britton
1930. Apocynum × jonesii  Woodson
Intermediate dogbane,
Jones' dogbane
Native,
Secure
Apocynum androsaemifolium USDA.jpg
Apocynum × floribundum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4
USDA-N


Trop.


Images, wsp

Subfamily Periplocoideae[edit]

Apocynaceaesubfam. Periplocoideaegenus Periploca
PeriplocaTourn. ex. L. Silk-vine N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.

1753. Periploca graeca  L.
Silkvine,
Silk vine,
Grecian silkvine

Bourreau des arbres
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Potentially invasive
Fleurs de Périploque de Grèce.jpg
Periploca graeca nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-X0
NEW 
ARS 
Trop.


Images, wsp

Subfamily Asclepiadoideae[edit]

The New York Flora Atlas includes Asclepias, Cynanchum, and Periploca in Asclepiadaceae. It includes the three Vincetoxicum species as Cynanchum.[1]

Tribe Asclepiadeae[edit]

Subtribe Asclepiadinae[edit]

Asclepias (the milkweed genus) ... [2]

Asclepias incarnata/verticillata clade[edit]
Apocynaceaesubfam. Asclepiadoideaetribe Asclepiadeaesubtr. Asclepiadinae
Asclepias Milkweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution 12
 L.
ssp. incarnata

1753. Asclepias incarnata  L.
Swamp milkweed,
Rose milkweed

Asclépiade incarnate,
Asclépiade rouge
Native,
Secure
P1000400 Asclepias incarnata (Asclepiadaceae) Flower.JPG
Asclepias incarnata ssp incarnata NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS 
Trop.


Images, wsp
 L.
ssp. pulchra Woodson

1798. Asclepias pulchra  Ehrh. ex Willd.
1840. Asclepias maritima  Raf. non Jacq.
1921. A. incarnata var. neoscotica Fernald
1954. A. incarnata var. pulchra Woodson
Swamp milkweed Native,
Vulnerable
BB-3389 Asclepias pulchra.png
Asclepias incarnata ssp pulchra nymap.svg
NYFA-3?
USDA-N0
NEW 

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Images, wsp
 L. (1753)
Whorled milkweed,
Eastern whorled milkweed,
Horsetail milkweed
Native,
Rare
Asclepias verticillata (9388551493) 4x3.jpg
Asclepias verticillata nymap.svg
NYFA-3
USDA-NN
NEW 
ARS 

NSE BNA 

Images, wsp
Asclepias syriaca/speciosa clade[edit]
Apocynaceaesubfam. Asclepiadoideaetribe Asclepiadeaesubtr. Asclepiadinae
Asclepias Milkweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution 12
 L.

1762. Asclepias syriaca  L.
1840. Asclepias serica  Raf.
1844. Asclepias cornuti  Decne.
1904. Asclepias intermedia  Vail
1904. Asclepias kansana  Vail
1935. Asclepias syriaca var. kansana
Common milkweed,
Kansas milkweed,
Silkweed,
Virginia silk

Asclépiade commune,
Cochons de lait,
Herbe à coton
Native,
Secure
Asclepias syriaca sl 2.jpg
Asclepias syriaca NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-N
NEW Can
ARS 
Trop.


Images, wsp
 Jacq.

1767. Asclepias quadrifolia  Jacq.
1818. Asclepias vanilla  Raf.
1840. A. quadrifolia var. oppositifolia Raf.
Fourleaf milkweed,
Four-leaved milkweed,
Whorled milkweed

Asclépiade à quatre feuilles
Native,
Secure
Asclepias quadrifolia 001.jpg
Asclepias quadrifolia NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can

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Images, wsp

Asclepias bicknellii
Asclepias phytolaccoides
Poke milkweed,
Tall milkweed

Asclépiade très grande,
Grande asclépiade
Native,
Likely secure
Asclepias exaltata (7487167116) 4x3.jpg
Asclepias exaltata NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW Can




Images, wsp
 L.
ssp. interior
Butterfly-weed,
Butterfly milkweed,
Orange milkweed,
Pleurisy root

Asclépiade de l'intérieur
Native,
Likely secure
Asclepias tuberosa 002.JPG
Asclepias tuberosa ssp interior nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS 



Images, wsp
Clasping milkweed,
Blunt-leaved milkweed
Native,
Likely secure
Asclepias amplexicaulis.png
Asclepias amplexicaulis NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4
USDA-N
NEW 




Images, wsp
Purple milkweed,
Eastern purple milkweed
Native,
Threatened
Asclepias purpurascens0.jpg
Asclepias purpurascens nymap.svg
NYFA-2-3
USDA-NN
NEW 




Images, wsp
Green comet milkweed,
Short green milkweed,
Green-flowered milkweed,
Green milkweed

Asclépiade à fleurs vertes
Native,
Threatened
Asclepiasviridiflora.jpg
Asclepias viridiflora nymap.svg
NYFA-2
USDA-NN
NEW 
ARS 



Images, wsp
White milkweed,
Redring milkweed
Native,
Endangered
Asclepias variegata.jpg
Asclepias variegata nymap.svg
NYFA-1
USDA-N
NEW 




Images, wsp

Asclepias laurifolia
Red milkweed Native,
No recent reports
BB-3386 Asclepias rubra.png
Asclepias rubra nymap.svg
NYFA-Z
USDA-N





Images, wsp
 Torr.

1827. Asclepias speciosa  Torr.
1837. Asclepias douglasii  Hook.
1931. Asclepias giffordii  Eastw.
Showy milkweed,
Greek milkweed

Belle asclépiade
Introduced from
 w. North America,
N. America native
Asclepias speciosa (5258351154).jpg
Asclepias speciosa nymap.svg
NYFA-P
USDA-NN
Can
ARS 
Trop.


Images, wsp
Asclepias speciosa × syriaca[1]

Asclepias speciosa ×
Asclepias syriaca
Hybrid
 Showy milkweed &
 Common milkweed
Native,
Introduced,
No reports
Nymap.svg






Images, wsp
Subtribe Cynanchinae[edit]
Apocynaceaesubfam. Asclepiadoideaetribe Asclepiadeaesubtr. Cynanchinae
CynanchumL. Swallow-wort N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (Michx.) Pers.

1803. Gonolobus laevis  Michx.
1805. Cynanchum laeve  Pers.
1818. Enslenia albida  Nutt.
1894. Ampelamus albidus  Britton
2001. Ampelamus laevis  Krings
Honeyvine,
Smooth swallowwort,
Climbing milkweed

Dompte-venin glabre
Introduced,
US South native
Cynanchum laeve NRCS-1.jpg
Cynanchum laeve nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-NX
Can
ARS 
Trop.


Images, wsp
Subtribe Tylophorinae[edit]
Apocynaceaesubfam. Asclepiadoideaetribe Asclepiadeaesubtr. Tylophorinae
Vincetoxicum Swallow-wort N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
 (L.) Moench

1753. Asclepias nigra  L.
1802. Vincetoxicum nigrum  Moench
1805. Cynanchum nigrum  Pers. nom. illeg.
1991. Cynanchum louiseae  Kartesz & …
Black swallow-wort,
Black dog-strangling vine,
Climbing poison,
Louise's swallow-wort

Dompte-venin noir,
Cynaque noir,
Cynanche noire
Introduced from
 southern Europe,
Very highly invasive,
NYIS: 90%[1],
Prohibited[2],
CP-2[3]
Cynanchum louiseae 3800.JPG
Vincetoxicum nigrum nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS 



Images, wsp
(Kleopow) Barbar.

1929. Cynanchum rossicum  Kleopow
1950. Vincetoxicum rossicum  Barbar.
1952. Antitoxicum rossicum  Pobed.
auct. Cynanchum medium  non R.Br.
auct. Vincetoxicum medium  non Dcne.
Pale swallow-wort,
European swallow-wort,
Dog-strangling vine

Dompte-venin de Russie
Introduced from
 eastern Europe,
Very highly invasive,
NYIS: 88%[4],
Prohibited[2],
CP-3[5]
Vincetoxicum rossicum 5115 4x3.jpg
Vincetoxicum rossicum nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS 



Images, wsp
 Medik.

1753. Asclepias vincetoxicum  L.
1790. Vincetoxicum hirundinaria  Medik.
1794. Vincetoxicum officinale  Moench
1805. Cynanchum vincetoxicum  (L.) Pers.
1883. Vincetoxicum vincetoxicum  H.Karst.
1961. Alexitoxicon vincetoxicum  H.P.Fuchs
White swallow-wort,
Pale swallow-wort,
White dog-strangling vine,
Poison-rope swallowwort

Dompte-venin officinal
Introduced,
Questionable[6]
Slakine kregzdune1.JPG
Vincetoxicum hirundinaria nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
Can




Images, wsp