Flora of New York/Myrtales

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Linales… Geraniales
Flora of New York: Myrtales
Crossosomatales, Sapindales
Table of
contents
Genus
index
Protected species index Invasive species index


The order Myrtales ...

Family Onagraceae[edit]

The Onagraceae (willowherb or evening primrose family)...

Subfamily Ludwigioideae[edit]

Onagraceaesubfam. Ludwigioideae
Ludwigia Primrose-willow N.Y. Status Images Distribution 5
 (L.) Elliott
Marsh seedbox,
Water purslane
Native,
Secure
Starr 070515-7066 Ludwigia palustris.jpg
Ludwigia palustris NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
 L.
Bushy seedbox,
Rattlebox,
Seedbox
Native,
Likely secure
Ludwigia alternifolia - Squarepod waterprimrose 2.jpg
Ludwigia alternifolia NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
Elliott (1817)

L. s. var. deamii
L. s. var. jungens
L. s. var. macrocarpa
Globe-fruited false-loosestrife,
Globefruit primrose-willow,
Round-pod water-primrose
Native,
Threatened
Ludwigia sphaerocarpa BB-1913.png
Ludwigia sphaerocarpa nymap.svg
NYFA-2
USDA-N0

ITIS



Images, wsp
(Hook. & Arn.) Zardini et al. (1991)

L. grandiflora ssp. hexapetala
L. grandiflora var. hexapetala
L. uruguayensis auct. pp
Jussiaea hexapetala
Uruguayan primrose-willow,
Uraguay waterprimrose,
Water-primrose
Introduced from
 South America,
 Southern U.S.,
Very highly invasive,
NYIS: 88%[1]
Jussiaea grandiflora.jpg
Ludwigia hexapetala nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-N0

ARS ITIS



Images, wsp
(Kunth) P.H.Raven (1963)
ssp. glabrescens

L. peploides var. glabrescens
Jussiaea diffusa auct.
Jussiaea repens
Floating primrose-willow,
Floating seedbox,
Clovestrip,
Creeping water-primrose
Introduced from
 South America,
 Southern U.S.,
Very highly invasive,
NYIS: 89%[2]
Ludwigia peploides 2.JPG
Ludwigia peploides ssp glabrescens nymap.svg
NYFA-1?
USDA-N0

ARS ITIS



Images, wsp

Subfamily Onagroideae[edit]

Tribe Circaeeae[edit]

Onagraceaesubfam. Onagroideaetribe Circaeeae
Circaea Enchanter's-nightshade N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
 L.
ssp. alpina
Northern enchanter's nightshade,
Small enchanter's nightshade
Native,
Secure
Circaea alpina 6758.JPG
Circaea alpina ssp alpina NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-N

ITIS



Images, wsp
 L.
ssp. canadensis

C. canadensis var. virginiana
C. latifolia
C. quadrisulcata ssp. canadensis
Common enchanter's nightshade,
Broadleaf enchanter's nightshade
Native,
Secure
26.07.07 Circaea-lutetiana-habit.jpg
Circaea lutetiana ssp canadensis NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-N





Images, wsp
Ehrh. (pro sp.)
[ alpina × lutetiana ]

Circaea canadensis
Hybrid enchanter's nightshade,
Intermediate enchanter's nightshade,
Upland enchanter's nightshade
Native,
Threatened
Circaea × intermedia NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-2
USDA-N





Images, wsp

Tribe Epilobieae[edit]

Genus Chamerion[edit]
Onagraceaesubfam. Onagroideaetribe Epilobieaegenus Chamerion
Chamerion Fireweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(L.) Holub
ssp. circumvagum

Epilobium angustifolium
Fireweed,
Narrow-leaved fireweed
Native,
Secure
Fireweed on the Klondike Highway, British Columbia 5.jpg
Chamerion angustifolium ssp circumvagum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW 
ITIS



Images, wsp
Genus Epilobium[edit]
Onagraceaesubfam. Onagroideaetribe Epilobieaegenus Epilobium
Epilobium sect. Epilobium Willowherb N.Y. Status Images Distribution 9
 Biehler

1807. Epilobium coloratum  Biehler
Eastern willow-herb,
Purpleleaf willowherb,
Purple-veined willowherb,
Cinnamon willow-herb,
Willowweed

Épilobe coloré
Native,
Secure
Epilobium coloratum NRCS-1-4x3.jpg
Epilobium coloratum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ITIS
Trop.


Images, wsp
 Raf.
ssp. ciliatum

1808. Epilobium ciliatum  Raf.
1879. Epilobium adenocaulon  Hausskn.
1879. Epilobium chilense  Hausskn.
1879. Epilobium valdiviense  Hausskn.
Fringed willow-herb,
Northern willow-herb,
Hairy willow-herb,
American willow-herb,
Coast willowweed

Épilobe cilié
Native,
Secure
Epilobium ciliatum 3691.jpg
Epilobium ciliatum ssp ciliatum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.


Images, wsp
 Raf.
ssp. glandulosum
(Lehm.) Hoch & P.H.Raven

1830. Epilobium glandulosum  Lehm.
1849. E. tetragonum var. glandulosum Torr...
1961. E. adenocaulon var. cinerascens
1977. E. ciliatum ssp. glandulosum Hoch...
1988. E. ciliatum var. glandulosum Dorn
Glandular willow-herb,
Sticky willow-herb

Épilobe glanduleux,
Épilobe glanduleuse
Native,
No recent reports
Epilobium ciliatum ssp glandulosum NRCS-01.jpg
Epilobium ciliatum ssp glandulosum nymap.svg
NYFA-Z?
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.


Images, wsp
 Raf.

1813. Epilobium rosmarinifolium  Pursh
1814. Epilobium leptophyllum  Raf.
1918. E. densum var. nesophilum Fernald
1925. Epilobium nesophilum  Fernald
1966. E. palustre var. sabulonense Boivin
1988. E. palustre var. gracile Dorn
Bog willowherb,
Linearleaf willowherb,
Linear-leaved willow-herb,
Narrow-leaved willowherb

Épilobe leptophylle,
Épilobe à feuilles étroites
Native,
Secure
Epilobium leptophyllum NRCS-1-4x3.jpg
Epilobium leptophyllum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ITIS
Trop.


Images, wsp
 Muhl. ex Spreng.

1813. Epilobium strictum  Muhl.
1814. Epilobium densum  Raf.
1825. Epilobium strictum  Muhl. ex Spreng.
Downy willow-herb,
Northeastern willowherb,
Soft willowherb

Épilobe dressé,
Épilobe étroite
Native,
Secure
Epilobium strictum BB-1913.png
Epilobium strictum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ITIS



Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Epilobium palustre  L.
1771. Chamaenerion palustre  Scop.
1803. Epilobium oliganthum  Michx.
1813. Epilobium lineare  Muhl. nom illeg.
1900. Epilobium wyomingense  A.Nelson
1925. Epilobium pylaieanum  Fernald
Marsh willow-herb,
Swamp willowherb

Épilobe palustre,
Épilobe des marais
Native,
Likely secure
Epilobium palustre behaarung.jpeg
Epilobium palustre NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS 
Trop.


Images, wsp
ssp. hornemannii

1810. Epilobium nutans  Hornem. nom. illeg.
1824. Epilobium hornemannii  Rchb.
1827. E. alpinum var. nutans Hornem.
1879. Epilobium bongardii  Hausskn.
1887. E. alsineifolium var. hornemannii
1900. Epilobium foucaudianum  H.Lév.
1918. Epilobium steckerianum  Fernald
Hornemann's willowherb,
Alpine willow-herb

Épilobe de Hornemann,
Épilobe d'Hornemann
Native,
Endangered,
NYNHP: 1[1]
Epilobium hornemannii BB-1913.png
Epilobium hornemannii ssp hornemannii nymap.svg
NYFA-1
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.
NSE 
IPN
Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Epilobium hirsutum  L.
Codlins and cream,
Fireweed,
Hairy willow-herb,
Great willow-herb

Épilobe hirsute,
Épilobe hérissé
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 Africa,
Invasive,
NYIS: 63%[2]
Epilobium hirsutum (1).jpg
Epilobium hirsutum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.


Images, wsp
 Schreb.

1771. Chamaenerion parviflorum  Schreb.
1771. Epilobium parviflorum  Schreb.
1778. Epilobium molle  Lam. non Torr.
Smallflower hairy willowherb,
Hoary willowherb

Épilobe à petites fleurs
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa
Epilobium parviflorum 0.9 R.jpg
Epilobium parviflorum nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.
NSE 

Images, wsp
  1. New York Natural Heritage Program. 2013. Online Conservation Guide for Epilobium hornemannii ssp. hornemannii. Endangered, S1/G5T5.
  2. New York non-native plant invasiveness assessmentEpilobium hirsutum: High (63). M.J.Jordan, G.Moore & T.W.Weldy (2008). Invasiveness ranking system for non-native plants of New York. Unpublished. The Nature Conservancy, Albany & Cold Spring Harbor, NY; Brooklyn Botanic Garden, Brooklyn, NY.

Tribe Onagreae[edit]

Genus Oenothera[edit]

Oenothera is represented by about 15 species of sundrops and evening primroses in New York.

Oenothera sect. Kneiffia[edit]
Onagraceaesubfam. Onagroideaetribe Onagreaegenus Oenotherasect. Kneiffia
Oenothera sect. Kneiffia Evening-primrose N.Y. Status Images Distribution 15
 L.

1759. Oenothera perennis  L.
1762. Oenothera pumila  L.
1835. Kneiffia pumila  (L.) Spach
1836. Oenothera gracilis  Schrad.
1919. Kneiffia perennis  (L.) Pennell
Small sundrops,
Little evening primrose
Native,
Secure
Oenothera perennis (4251330869) 4x3.jpg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ARS ITIS
Trop.


Images, wsp
 L.
ssp. glauca (Michx.) Straley (1978)

1753. Oenothera fruticosa  L.
1803. Oenothera glauca  Michx.
1800. Oenothera tetragona  Roth
1835. Kneiffia glauca  (Michx.) Spach
Shrubby sundrops Native,
Likely secure
Oenothera fructicosa subsp glauca 2.JPG
NYFA-4
USDA-NN

ARS ITIS

BNA 

Images, wsp
 L. (1753)
ssp. fruticosa

Kneiffia fruticosa (L.) Raim.
Narrow-leaved sundrops,
Narrowleaf evening primrose
Native,
Vulnerable
Oenothera fruticosa FWS-01.jpg
NYFA-3?
USDA-N0

ARS ITIS

BNA 

Images, wsp
 Raf.

1820. Oenothera pilosella  Raf.
1894. Kneiffia fruticosa
   var.
pilosella (Raf.) Britton
1903. Kneiffia pratensis  Small
1908. Oenothera pratensis  B.L.Rob.
Meadow evening primrose,
Meadow sundrops,
Pilose evening primrose,
Prairie evening primrose,
Prairie sundrops
Introduced,
N. America native
Oenothera pilosella NRCS-02.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X?
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ITIS

BNA 

Images, wsp
Oenothera sect. Oenothera[edit]
Onagraceaesubfam. Onagroideaetribe Onagreaegenus Oenotherasect. Oenothera
Oenothera sect. Oenothera subsect. Oenothera Evening-primrose N.Y. Status Images Distribution 15
 L.

Onagra biennis (L.) Scop.
Common evening-primrose Native,
Secure
Oenothera biennis, Vic-la-Gardiole 01.jpg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ARS 



Images, wsp
Oakes' evening-primrose Native,
Threatened
Gelbe Dünennachtkerze.JPG
NYFA-2
USDA-NN

ARS 



Images, wsp
Redsepal evening-primrose,
Showy evening-primrose
Introduced






Images, wsp
ssp. villosa
Hairy evening-primrose Introduced






Images, wsp
Oenothera sect. Oenothera subsect. Raimannia Evening-primrose N.Y. Status Images Distribution 15
 L.
Northern evening-primrose Native,
Secure
Oenothera parviflora close up flower.jpg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ARS 



Images, wsp
 Hill (1767)
Cutleaf evening primrose,
Cut-leaf evening-primrose,
Cut-leaved evening-primrose
Native,
Endangered
Starr 080604-5890 Oenothera laciniata.jpg
NYFA-1
USDA-NX

ARS 



Images, wsp
Showy evening-primrose Introduced






Images, wsp
Oenothera sect. Oenothera subsect. Candela Evening-primrose N.Y. Status Images Distribution 15
Fourpoint evening-primrose Introduced,
N. America native
Oenothera rhombipetala FWS-01.jpg
NYFA-

ARS ITIS



Images, wsp
Cleland's evening-primrose Introduced






Images, wsp
Oenothera sect. Kleinia & Lavauxia[edit]
Onagraceaesubfam. Onagroideaetribe Onagreaegenus Oenotherasect. Kleinia & Lavauxia
Oenothera sect. Kleinia Evening-primrose N.Y. Status Images Distribution 15
Prairie evening-primrose Introduced
Nymap.svg






Images, wsp
Oenothera sect. Lavauxia subsect. Lavauxia Evening-primrose N.Y. Status Images Distribution 15
Stemless evening-primrose Introduced
Nymap.svg






Images, wsp
Oenothera sect. Megapterium Sundrops N.Y. Status Images Distribution 15
 Nutt.

1813. Oenothera macrocarpa  Nutt.
1813. Oenothera missouriensis  Sims
Ozark sundrops Introduced,
N. America native,
No reports
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X

ARS 

NSE BNA 

Images, wsp
Oenothera sect. Hartmannia Primrose N.Y. Status Images Distribution 15
Showy primrose Introduced,
N. America native,
No reports
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X

ARS 

NSE BNA 

Images, wsp
Oenothera, sect. Gaura[edit]

Most of the genus Gaura was transferred to Oenothera sect. Gaura in 2007.[1]

Onagraceaesubfam. Onagroideaetribe Onagreaegenus Oenotherasect. Gaura
Oenothera sect. Gaura subsect. Gaura Beeblossom N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 W.L.Wagner & Hoch

1753. Gaura biennis  L.
2007. O. gaura  W.L.Wagner & Hoch
Biennial beeblossom,
Biennial gaura

Gaura bisannuel,
Gaura bisannuelle
Introduced,
N. America native
Oenothera gaura NRCS-1.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-NN
NEW 
ARS ITIS



Images, wsp
(Small) W.L.Wagner & Hoch

1835. Gaura longiflora  Spach
1840. Gaura biennis
   var.
pitcheri Torr. & A.Gray
1898. Gaura filiformis  Small
2007. O. filiformis  W.L.Wagner & Hoch
Longflower beeblossom,
Long-flowered gaura,
Large-flower gaura

Gaura à fleurs longues
Introduced,
N. America native
Nymap.svg
NYFA-0
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.

IPN
Images, wsp
Oenothera sect. Gaura subsect. Campogaura Beeblossom N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
(Ser.) W.L.Wagner & Hoch

1813. Gaura coccinea  Nutt. ex Pursh
1816. Gaura odorata  Sessé ex Lag.
1828. Gaura suffrutescens  Ser.
2007. O. suffrutescens  W.L.Wagner & Hoch
Scarlet beeblossom,
Scarlet gaura,
Scarlet butterfly plant,
Wild honeysuckle

Gaura écarlate
Introduced,
N. America native,
Impersistent
Gaura coccinea (3646972360).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Xm
USDA-NN
Can
ARS 



Images, wsp

Family Lythraceae[edit]

The Lythraceae (loosestrife or pomegranate family)...[1][2]

Subfamily Lagerstroemioideae[edit]

Lythraceaesubfam. Lagerstroemioideae
Trapa Water chestnut N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.

1753. Trapa natans  L.
1815. Trapa bispinosa  Roxb.
1897. Trapa natans var. bispinosa Makino
Water chestnut,
European water chestnut,
Water caltrop,
Singhara nut,
Jesuit's-nut

Châtaigne d'eau,
Macre
Introduced from
 Eurasia, Africa,
Very highly invasive,
NYIS: 82%[3],
NE-1[4]
Trapa natans1.jpg
Trapa natans nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.


Images, wsp

Subfamily Punicoideae[edit]

Lythraceaesubfam. Punicoideae
Cuphea Waxweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 Jacq.
Blue waxweed Native,
Likely secure
Cuphea viscosissima 001.JPG
Cuphea viscosissima NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4
USDA-NX

ITIS



Images, wsp
Rotala Rotala N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (L.) Koehne
Lowland rotala,
Toothcup
Native,
Threatened
Rotala ramosior NRCS-1.jpg
NYFA-2
USDA-NN

ITIS



Images, wsp

Subfamily Lythroideae[edit]

Lythraceaesubfam. Lythroideae
Decodon Swamp loosestrife N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (L.) Elliott
Hairy swamp loosestrife Native,
Secure
Decodon verticillatus NRCS-1.jpg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
Lythrum Loosestrife N.Y. Status Images Distribution 4
 Pursh
var. alatum
Winged loosestrife,
Winged lythrum
Native,
Secure
Winged Loosestrife (Lythrum alatum) (5766002391).jpg
Lythrum alatum var alatum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
 L.
Narrow loosestrife,
Wand lythrum
Native,
Endangered
NYFA-1
USDA-N0





Images, wsp

1753. Lythrum salicaria  L.
1768. Lythrum tomentosum  Mill
1813. L. salicaria var. tomentosum DC.
(=) L. salicaria var. gracilior Turcz.
1828. L. salicaria var. vulgare DC.
Purple loosestrife,
Spiked loosestrife
Introduced,
Very highly invasive,
NYIS: 91%[1],
NE-1[2]
Blutweiderich 0507241.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS ITIS
Trop.


Images, wsp
Hyssop loosestrife Introduced
Lythrum hyssopifolia Enfoque 2010-6-06 SierraMadrona.jpg






Images, wsp
  1. New York non-native plant invasiveness assessmentLythrum salicaria: Very high (91).
  2. Category 1 Plants - highly invasive - Eastern Region invasive plants, ranked by degree of invasiveness as based on information from States (1998) US Forest Service

Family Melastomataceae[edit]

Subamily Melastomatoideae[edit]

Tribe Melastomateae[edit]

Melastomataceaesubfam. Melastomatoideaetribe Melastomateae
Rhexia Meadowbeauty N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
Virginia meadow beauty Native,
Likely secure
Rhexia virginica.jpeg






Images, wsp
var. mariana
Maryland meadow beauty Native,
Likely extirpated
Rhexia mariana.jpg






Images, wsp

References[edit]