Flora of New York/Ranunculales

From Wikibooks, open books for an open world
Jump to: navigation, search

Commelinales, Zingiberales, Ceratophyllales
Flora of New York: Ranunculales
Proteales… Zygophyllales
Table of
contents
Genus
index
Protected species index Invasive species index


The order Ranunculales has about 93 taxa found outside of cultivation in New York. Ranunculales families include:

Contents

Family Lardizabalaceae[edit]

The Lardizabalaceae (lardizabala family)...

Subfamily Lardizabaloideae[edit]

Tribe Akebieae[edit]

Genus Akebia[edit]
Lardizabalaceaesubfam. Lardizabaloideaetribe Akebieaegenus Akebia
Akebia Chocolate-vine N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (Houtt.) Dcne.

1779. Rajania quinata  Houtt.
1839. Akebia quinata  (Houtt.) Dcne.
Fiveleaf akebia,
Chocolate vine
Introduced from
 Asia,
Moderately invasive,
NYIS: 52%[1],
CP-4[2]
Akebia quinata01.jpg
Akebia quinata nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-X0
NEW 
ARS 
FNA Trop.


Images, wsp

Family Menispermaceae[edit]

The Menispermaceae (moonseed family)...

Subfamily Menispermoideae[edit]

Tribe Menispermeae[edit]

Genus Menispermum[edit]
Menispermaceaesubfam. Menispermoideaetribe Menispermeaegenus Menispermum
Menispermum Moonseed N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.

1753. Menispermum canadense  L.
Canada moonseed,
Common moonseed,
Yellow Parilla,
Carolina moonseed

Ménisperme du Canada,
Raison de couleuvre
Native,
Secure
Menispermum canadense, Saint-Hilaire-1.pngImg spacer 2x87.pngMenispermum canadense, Curtis's-44.png
Menispermum canadense nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS 
FNA Trop.


Images, wsp

Family Berberidaceae[edit]

The Berberidaceae (barberry family)...

Subfamily Podophylloideae[edit]

Tribe Leonticoideae[edit]

Genus Caulophyllum[edit]

Although Caulophyllum contains the two blue cohosh species found in New York, it does not include black cohosh, which is not only in a separate genus (Actaea), but also in a different family (Ranunculaceae, below).

Berberidaceaesubfam. Podophylloideaetribe Leonticoideaesubtr. Caulophyllum
Caulophyllum Blue cohosh N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 {L.) Michx.

1753. Leontice thalictroides  L.
1803. Caulophyllum thalictroides  Michx.
Blue cohosh,
Squaw-root,
Papoose-root

Caulophylle faux-pigamon
Native,
Secure
Blue Cohosh.jpg
Caulophyllum thalictroides nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN


FNA 


Images, wsp
(Farw.) Loconte & W.H.Blackw.

1918. C. thalictroides var. giganteum Farw.
Blue cohosh,
Giant blue cohosh
Native,
Vulnerable
Caulophyllum thalictroides 001.JPG
Caulophyllum giganteum nymap.svg
NYFA-3-5
USDA-N

ARS 
FNA 


Images, wsp

Tribe Podophylleae[edit]

Berberidaceaesubfam. Podophylloideaetribe Podophylleae
Podophyllum Mayapple N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.

1753. Podophyllum peltatum  L.
May-apple,
Indian-apple,
Wild-mandrake

Pomme de mai
Native,
Secure
PoisonousMayApple099.jpg
Podophyllum peltatum nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW 

FNA 


Images, wsp
Jeffersonia Twinleaf N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (L.) Pers.

1753. Podophyllum diphyllum  L.
1805. Jeffersonia diphylla  (L.) Pers.
Twinleaf,
Rheumatism-root
Native,
Threatened
Jeffersonia diphylla 2008.jpg
Jeffersonia diphylla nymap.svg
NYFA-2
USDA-N

ARS 
FNA 


Images, wsp

Subfamily Berberidoideae[edit]

Berberis.[1]

Berberidaceaesubfam. Berberidoideae
Berberis Barberry N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
 DC.

1821. Berberis thunbergii  DC.
1926. B. thunbergii var. atropurpurea
Japanese barberry

Épine-vinette du Japon
Introduced from
 Asia,
Very highly invasive,
NYIS: 91%[1],
Prohibited[2],
CP-2[3] NE-1[4]
Berberis thunbergii.jpg
Berberis thunbergii nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS 
FNA Trop.


Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Berberis vulgaris  L.
1845. Berberis vulgaris var. purpurea
1860. Berberis vulgaris fo. atropurpurea
1869. Berberis jacquinii  hort. ex K.Koch
1869. Berberis sanguinea  hort. ex K.Koch
Common barberry,
European barberry,
Jaundice-berry

Épine-vinette commune,
Épine-vinette,
Berbéris vulgaire,
Berbéride vulgaire
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Moderately invasive,
NYIS: 69%[5],
CP-3[6] NE-2[7]
Berberis vulgaris5934.jpg
Berberis vulgaris nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS 
FNA Trop.


Images, wsp
 C.K.Schneid.
[ B. thunbergii × B. vulgaris ]

1927. Berberis × ottawensis  C.K.Schneid.
Hybrid barberry,
Ottawa barberry
Introduced,
No specimens,
Present in New Eng.
Berberis-Ottawensis-Superba-02.jpg
Berberis × ottawensis nymap.svg
NYFA-D
USDA-XX
NEW 




Images, wsp
 C.K.Schneid.

1913. Berberis julianae  C.K.Schneid.
Juliana's berberis,
Wintergreen barberry,
Chinese barberry
Introduced from
 China,
Single population
Berberis julianae.jpg
Berberis julianae nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-X0

ARS 
Trop.


Images, wsp
 Palibin.

1899. Berberis koreana  Palibin.
Korea barberry Introduced from
 Asia,
No specimens,
Present in Vermont
Berberis koreana a2.jpg
Nymap.svg

NEW 




Images, wsp
Mahonia Barberry N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (Pursh) Nutt.

1813. Berberis aquifolium  Pursh
1818. Mahonia aquifolium  Nutt.
1906. Odostemon aquifolium  Rydb.
1931. Mahonia diversifolia  Sweet
1934. Mahonia piperiana  Abrams
1939. Berberis piperiana  McMinn
1940. Berberis diversifolia  Steud.
Oregon grape,
Piper's Oregon-grape,
Oregon holly-grape,
Tall mahonia,
Hollyleaved barberry

Mahonia
 à feuilles de houx
Introduced from
 western N. America
Mahonia aquifolium 003.JPG
Mahonia aquifolium nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS 
FNA Trop.


Images, wsp
  1. New York non-native plant invasiveness assessmentBerberis thunbergii: Very highly invasive (91%).
  2. New York State Department of Environmental Conservation Proposed Regulation 6 NYCRR Part 575 Prohibited and Regulated Invasive Species
  3. Appendix 2. Plant species that are considered highly invasive to natural areas in the central Finger Lakes region. Policy on the use of non-native plants in Cornell Plantations' accessioned collections (2009)
  4. Category 1 Plants - highly invasive - Eastern Region invasive plants, ranked by degree of invasiveness as based on information from States (1998) US Forest Service
  5. New York non-native plant invasiveness assessmentBerberis vulgaris: 69 (all).
  6. Appendix 3. Plant species that are considered moderately to highly invasive to natural areas in the central Finger Lakes region. Policy on the use of non-native plants in Cornell Plantations' accessioned collections (2009)
  7. Category 2 Plants - moderately invasive - Eastern Region invasive plants, ranked by degree of invasiveness as based on information from States (1998) US Forest Service

Family Ranunculaceae[edit]

The Ranunculaceae...

Subfamily Hydrastoideae[edit]

Tribe Hydrastideae[edit]

Genus Hydrastis[edit]
Ranunculaceaesubfam. Hydrastoideaetribe Hydrastideaegenus Hydrastis
Hydrastis Hydrastis N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.
Golden-seal,
Orange-root,
Yellow-puccoon
Native,
Threatened
Hydrastis canadensis berries.jpg
Hydrastis canadensis nymap.svg
NYFA-2
USDA-NN





Images, wsp

Subfamily Coptidoideae[edit]

Tribe Coptideae[edit]

Ranunculaceaesubfam. Coptidoideaetribe Coptideae
Coptis Goldthread N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (L.) Salisb.
Goldthread,
Goldenroot,
Yellow snakeroot
Native,
Secure
Coptis trifolia (L.) Salisb01.jpg
Coptis trifolia NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN





Images, wsp

Tribe Xanthorhizeae[edit]

Genus Xanthorhiza[edit]
Ranunculaceaesubfam. Coptidoideaetribe Xanthorhizeae
Xanthorhiza Yellowroot N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
Marshall (1785)

X. apiifolia L'Héritier
Brook-feather,
Shrub yellowroot,
Yellowroot
Introduced,
N. America native
Yellowroot- Xanthorhiza simplicissima.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-N0



NSE BNA 

Images, wsp

Subfamily Thalictroideae[edit]

Tribe Aquilegieae[edit]

Genus Aquilegia[edit]
Ranunculaceaesubfam. Thalictroideaetribe Aquilegieaegenus Aquilegia
Aquilegia Columbine N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 L. 1753
Canadian columbine,
Red columbine,
Wild columbine

Ancolie du Canada
Native,
Secure
Wild columbine flower (Ripple Rock) 2.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ARS 



Images, wsp
European columbine Introduced
Akelei004.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X





Images, wsp
Genus Enemion[edit]
Ranunculaceaesubfam. Thalictroideaetribe Aquilegieaegenus Enemion
Enemion False-rue-anemone N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 Raf.
Eastern false rue anemone,
False rue-anemone
Native,
Likely extirpated
False Rue Anemone.jpg
NYFA-Z





Images, wsp

Tribe Thalictreae[edit]

Genus Thalictrum[edit]
Ranunculaceaesubfam. Thalictroideaetribe Thalictreae
Thalictrum Meadow-rue N.Y. Status Images Distribution 7
 L.
Early meadow-rue,
Pigamon dioïque,
Quicksilver-weed
Native,
Secure
Thalictrum dioicum.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngThalictrum dioicum BB-1913.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN


FNA 


Images, wsp
 Pursh

(=) T. carolinianum var. subpubescens
(=) T. perelegans
(=) T. polygamum  Muhl. ex Spreng.
King of the meadow,
Late meadow-rue,
Tall meadow-rue,
Meadow-weed,
Muskrat-weed
Native,
Secure
Thalictrum pubescens 4661.JPGImg spacer 2x87.pngThalictrum pubescens.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN


FNA 


Images, wsp
 DC.

T. amphibolum Greene
T. hepaticum Greene
T. moseleyi Greene
Purple meadow-rue,
Skunk meadow-rue,
Wax-leaved meadow-rue,
Waxyleaf meadow-rue
Native,
Secure
Thalictrum revolutum BB-1913.png
Thalictrum revolutum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
(L.) Eames & Boivin

Anemone thalictroides
Anemonella thalictroides
Thalictrum anemonoides
Rue anemone,
Windflower
Native,
Secure
Anemonella thalictroides.jpg
Thalictrum thalictroides NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA 


Images, wsp
 Trelease
var. confine (Fernald) Boivin

Thalictrum confine Fernald[1]
Thalictrum turneri B.Boivin
Early meadow-rue,
Veined meadow-rue,
Veiny meadow-rue
Native,
Endangered
Thalictrum venulosum BB-1913.png
NYFA-1
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
Fisch. & Avé-Lall.

T. dasycarpum var. hypoglaucum
T. hypoglaucum Rydb.
Purple meadow-rue Introduced,
N. America native
Thalictrum dasycarpum.jpg
Thalictrum dasycarpum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
 L.
Columbine meadow-rue,
French meadow-rue,
Greater meadow-rue
Introduced,
Rare,
Eurasia native
Thalictrum aquilegifolium 06.jpg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp

Subfamily Ranunculoideae[edit]

The Ranunculoideae...

Tribe Actaeeae[edit]

Genus Actaea[edit]

Berry-color alone cannot be used to distinguish red and white baneberry from each other. Even at maturity, red baneberry (Actaea rubra) plants frequently have white fruit (sometimes differentiated as fo. neglecta). Red or pink berries on white baneberry, Actaea pachypoda (fo. rubrocarpa), are less common and may indicate that the plant is a hybrid (Actaea ×ludovici) of the two species. A better way to distinguish red and white baneberry is to observe the color and width of the fruit pedicels. Red baneberry has brown or greenish pedicels that are thinner than the axis of their raceme. White baneberry has bright red and much thicker pedicels that are about the same diameter as the raceme axis.[1]

Ranunculaceaesubfam. Ranunculoideaetribe Actaeeaegenus Actaea
ActaeaL. sect. Actaea Baneberry N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
 (Aiton) Willd.

1789. Actaea spicata var. rubra Aiton
1809. Actaea rubra  (Aiton) Willd.
1838. Actaea arguta  Nutt.
1857. Actaea rubra var. arguta (Nutt.) Torr.
1944. Actaea rubra ssp. arguta (Nutt.) Hultén
1914. Christophoriana rubra  (Aiton) Nieuwl.
Red baneberry,
Snakeberry

Actée rouge
Native,
Secure
Red baneberry (Whitefish Island) 1.JPG
Actaea rubra nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS 
FNA Trop.


Images, wsp
 Elliott

1753. Actaea spicata var. alba L. nom. rej.
1768. Actaea alba auct. non (L.) Mill.
1813. Actaea americana var. alba (L.) Pursh
1821. Actaea pachypoda  Elliott
1914. Christophoriana alba  (L.) Nieuwl.
White baneberry,
Doll's-eyes,
White cohosh

Actée à gros pédicelles,
Actée blanche
Native,
Secure
Actaea pachypoda fruits01.jpg
Actaea pachypoda nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-N
NEW Can
ARS 
FNA Trop.


Images, wsp
 B.Boivin

Actaea pachypoda ×
Actaea rubra

1940. A. pachypoda fo. rubrocarpa Fernald
1967. Actaea × ludovicii  B.Boivin
Hybrid
 Red baneberry &
 White baneberry
Native,
Vulnerable
Actaea pachypoda fo rubrocarpa 03121.jpg
Actaea × ludovici nymap.svg
NYFA-3-4
USDA-N]
NEW 
ITIS
FNA Trop.


Images, wsp
ActaeaL. sect. Cimicifuga Bugbane N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
 L.

1753. Actaea racemosa  L.
1788. Actaea monogyna  Walter
1813. Cimicifuga serpentaria  (L.) Pursh n.i.
1818. Cimicifuga racemosa  (L.) Nutt.[2]
1890. C. racemosa var. dissecta A.Gray
1891. Thalictrodes racemosa  (L.) Kuntze
1998. A. racemosa var. dissecta J.Compton
Black baneberry,
Black cohosh,
Black bugbane,
Black snakeroot,
Fairy candle

Cimicaire à grappes
Native,
Likely secure
Cimicifuga racemosa 002.jpg
Actaea racemosa nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS 
FNA Trop.


Images, wsp
 (Kearney) Kartesz

1897. Cimicifuga rubifolia  Kearney
1999. Actaea rubifolia  Kartesz
auct.. Actaea cordifolia non DC.
auct.. Cimicifuga racemosa
   var.
cordifolianon (DC.) A.Gray
auct.. C. cordifolia non (DC.) Torr. & A.Gray
Appalachian bugbane Introduced,
US South native
Cimicifuga rubifolia HabitusInflorescences BotGardBln0906.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-0
USDA-N0


FNA 
NSE BNA 

Images, wsp
  1. Bruce A. Ford (1997). "Actaea (Linnaeus)." Flora of North America north of Mexico. 3(9)
  2. New York Flora Atlas and Flora of North America list Actaea racemosa as Cimicifuga racemosa. Other sources treat C. racemosa as a synonym.
Genus Eranthis[edit]
Ranunculaceaesubfam. Ranunculoideaetribe Actaeeaegenus Eranthis
Eranthis Eranthis N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1

Cammarum hyemale
Eranthis cilicicus
Eranthis × tubergenii
Helleborus hyemalis
Winter aconite Introduced
Eranthis hyemalis - Kew 1.jpg
NYFA-X
USDA-X





Images, wsp

Tribe Caltheae[edit]

Ranunculaceaesubfam. Ranunculoideaetribe Caltheae
Caltha Marsh-marigold N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
var. palustris
Marsh marigold,
Yellow marsh marigold
Native,
Secure
2007-03-27Caltha palustris01.jpg
Caltha palustris var palustris NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-N





Images, wsp
Trollius Globeflower N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
ssp. laxus
Spreading globeflower,
American globe-flower
Native,
Rare
Trollius laxus Engjagullhnappur.jpg
Trollius laxus ssp laxus NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-3
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
Adonis Pheasant's eye N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
Spring pheasant's eye,
Spring adonis,
Ox-eye
Introduced,
Rare
Adonis vernalis 001.JPG
Adonis vernalis NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-X0





Images, wsp
Summer pheasant's eye,
Summer adonis
Introduced,
No specimens
Adonis aestivalis eF.jpg
Adonis aestivalis NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-X0





Images, wsp

Tribe Delphinieae[edit]

Genus Aconitum[edit]

The only native member of the Delphinieae (syn. Aconiteae) is the endangered northern blue monkshood, which is found in only Iowa, New York, Ohio, and Wisconsin.

Ranunculaceaesubfam. Ranunculoideaetribe Delphinieaegenus Aconitum
Aconitum Monkshood N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
A.Gray ex Coville

A. uncinatum ssp. noveboracense
New York monkshood,
Northern blue monkshood,
Northern monk's-hood,
Northern wild monkshood
Native,
Endangered
Northern monkshood.gifImg spacer 2x87.pngNorthern monkshood purple.gif
Aconitum noveboracense NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-1
USDA-N0





Images, wsp
Garden monkshood,
Venus' chariot
Introduced
Aconitum napellus Pyrénées.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-X





Images, wsp
Genus Delphinium[edit]

Although there are more than sixty Delphinium species that are native to North America, none are considered to be native to New York or New England, and none have been reported to have naturalized in New York.[1] The only naturalized Delphinium species in New England is Delphinium exaltatum,[2] which is native to an area that extends as far northeast as northeastern Ohio and southwestern Pennsylvania.[3] Delphinium exaltatum is also distribuded in New York in the "native plant" trade.[4]

Ranunculaceaesubfam. Ranunculoideaetribe Delphinieaegenus Delphinium
Delphinium Larkspur N.Y. Status Images Distribution 0
 Aiton

1786. Delphinium urceolatum  Jacq.
1789. Delphinium exaltatum  Aiton
1803. Delphinium tridactylum  Michx.
1830. Delphidium exaltatum  (Aiton) Raf.
1914. Delphinastrum exaltatum  (Aiton) Nieuwl.
Tall larkspur Introduced,
US South native,
No reports

Perennial,
Forb-herb
Delphinium exaltatum.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-0
USDA-N0
NEW 
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.
NSE BNA 

Images, wsp
Genus Consolida[edit]
Ranunculaceaesubfam. Ranunculoideaetribe Delphinieaegenus Consolida
Consolida Knight's-spur N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
Doubtful knight's-spur Introduced
Consolida ajacis detalle flor.jpg
NYFA-X
USDA-X





Images, wsp
Royal larkspur,
Rocket larkspur
Introduced
Consolida regalis 003.JPG
NYFA-X
USDA-X





Images, wsp

Tribe Nigelleae[edit]

Ranunculaceaesubfam. Ranunculoideaetribe Nigelleaegenus Nigella
Nigella Nigella N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
Love-in-a-mist Introduced
2007-10-25Nigella damascena 13.jpg
NYFA-X
USDA-X





Images, wsp

Tribe Helleboreae[edit]

Ranunculaceaesubfam. Ranunculoideaetribe Helleboreae
Helleborus Hellebore N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
Black hellebore Introduced
2006-12-18Helleborus niger19.jpg
NYFA-X
USDA-X





Images, wsp
Green hellebore Introduced
Helleborus viridis 003.JPG
NYFA-X
USDA-X





Images, wsp

Tribe Anemoneae[edit]

Genus Anemone[edit]

The grouping of Anemone used here is based on Hoot, Meyer & Manning (2012)[1]

Anemone subg. Anemonidium[edit]
Ranunculaceaesubfam. Ranunculoideaetribe Anemoneaegenus Anemonesubg. Anemonidium
Anemone sect. Hepatica Hepatica N.Y. Status Images Distribution 9
 (DC.) G.Lawson

1813. Hepatica triloba var. acuta Pursh
1824. Hepatica acutiloba  DC.
1884. Anemone acutiloba  (DC.) G.Lawson
1891. Hepatica acuta  (Pursh) Britton
1960. Hepatica nobilis var. acuta (Pursh) Steyerm.
Sharplobe hepatica,
American liverleaf,
Liverwort-herb,
Sharp-lobed hepatica
Native,
Secure
Anemone acutiloba 1226.jpg
Anemone acutiloba NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
 (DC.) H.Hara

1814. Hepatica triloba var. obtusa Pursh
1817. Hepatica triloba var. americana DC.
1819. Hepatica americana  (DC.) Ker Gawl.
1958. Anemone americana  (DC.) H.Hara
1960. Hepatica nobilis var. obtusa Steyerm.
Round-lobed hepatica,
Blunt-lobed Hepatica,
Round-leaved liverleaf,
American liverleaf

Hépatique d'Amérique,
Anémone d'Amérique,
Hépatique noble
Native,
Secure
Round-lobed Hepatica (Hepatica nobilis) var. obtusa (Hepatica americana, Anemone americana).jpg
Anemone americana NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ARS 
FNA Trop.


Images, wsp
Anemone sect. Anemonidium Windflower N.Y. Status Images Distribution 9
 L.

1768. Anemone canadensis  L.
1892. Anemone dichotoma
   var.
canadensis C. MacMill.
1982. Anemonidium canadense  Á.Löve & D.Löve
Canada anemone,
Canadian anemone,
Canada windflower,
Round-leaved thimbleweed

Anémone du Canada
Native,
Secure
Anemone canadensis0.jpg
Anemone canadensis NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
Anemone subg. Anemone[edit]
Ranunculaceaesubfam. Ranunculoideaetribe Anemoneaegenus Anemonesubg. Anemone
Anemone sect. Anemone subsect. Anemonanthea Anemone N.Y. Status Images Distribution 9
 L.
var. quinquefolia

Anemone nemorosa var. quinquefolia
Wood anemone,
Nightcaps
Native,
Secure
Anemone quinquefolia - Wood Anemone 3.jpg
Anemone quinquefolia var quinquefolia NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
Anemone sect. Anemone subsect. Virginianae Anemone N.Y. Status Images Distribution 9
Candle anemone,
Long-fruited anemone,
Long-headed anemone,
Thimbleweed
Native,
Secure
Anemone cylindrica - Flickr 003.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngAnemone cylindrica.jpg
Anemone cylindrica NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
 L.
var. virginiana
Thimbleweed,
Tall anemone,
Tall thimbleweed
Native,
Secure
Anemone virginiana 4262.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngAnemone virginiana 4673.jpg
Anemone virginiana var virginiana NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
 L.
var. alba

Anemone cylindrica var. alba
Anemone riparia Fernald
Anemone virginiana var. riparia
Thimbleweed,
Tall anemone,
Tall thimbleweed
Native,
Likely secure
Anemone virginiana 3016 4x3.jpg
Anemone virginiana var alba NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4?
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
 L.
var. cylindroidea
Thimbleweed,
Tall anemone,
Tall thimbleweed
Native,
Vulnerable
Anemone virginiana 3007-3009.jpg
Anemone virginiana var cylindroidea NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-3?
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
 Poir.
var. multifida

Anemone globosa
Anemone hudsoniana
Hudson Bay anemone,
Hudson's anemone,
Sanson's anemone
Native,
Likely extirpated
Anemone multifida.jpg
Anemone multifida var multifida NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-Z
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
Genus Clematis[edit]
Ranunculaceaesubfam. Ranunculoideaetribe Anemoneaegenus Clematis
Clematis Leather-flower N.Y. Status Images Distribution 6
 L.

(=) Clematis canadensis  Miller
(=) Clematis holosericea  Pursh
(=) Clematis missouriensis  Rydberg
Virginia virgin's-bower,
Devil's darning needles
Native,
Secure
Clematis virginiana (1).jpg
Clematis virginiana NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW 




Images, wsp
 (Hornem.) DC.
var. occidentalis
Purple clematis,
Western blue virginsbower
Native,
Likely secure
Clematis occidentalis.jpg
Clematis occidentalis var occidentalis NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW 




Images, wsp
 Ait.

Coriflora ochroleuca
Viorna ochroleuca
Viorna ovata
Curlyheads,
Curly-heads,
Silky leather-flower
Native,
Extirpated
Erect Silky Leather Flower Clematis ochroleuca Flower Closeup 2000px.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngErect Silky Leather Flower Clematis ochroleuca Flower Leaf 2000px.jpg
Clematis ochroleuca NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-Z
USDA-N0





Images, wsp
 DC.
Japanese virgin's-bower,
Sweet autumn clematis,
Sweet autumn virginsbower,
Yam-leaved virgin's-bower,
Yam-leaved clematis
Introduced,
Highly invasive,
NYIS: 73%[1],
Regulated[2]
Senninsou.JPG
Clematis terniflora NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW 




Images, wsp
 L.
Ground virgin's-bower Introduced,
Rare
Clematis recta04.jpg
Clematis recta NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW 




Images, wsp
 L.
Italian leather flower,
Italian virgin's-bower
Introduced,
Rare
Clematis viticella3UME.jpg
Clematis viticella NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp

Tribe Ranunculeae[edit]

The Ranunculeae...

Basal genera[edit]
Ranunculaceaesubfam. Ranunculoideaetribe Ranunculeaesubsect. Basal genera
Halerpestes Seaside crowfoot N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(Pursh) Greene (1900)

Ranunculus cymbalaria Pursh (1814)
Cyrtorhyncha cymbalaria ssp. alpina
Alkali buttercup,
Seaside crowfoot,
Renoncule cymbalaire
Native,
Endangered
Halerpestes cymbalaria NRCS 4x3.jpg
NYFA-1
USDA-N


FNA 


Images, wsp
Ceratocephala Curveseed-butterwort N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1

C. falcata
C. orthoceras
Ranunculus falcatus
R. testiculatus
Curve-seeded butterwort,
Bur buttercup,
Hornseed buttercup
Introduced
Ranunculus testiculatus 2005-04-02.jpg
NYFA-X
USDA-X





Images, wsp
Ficaria Celandine N.Y. Status Images Distribution 0
 Huds.
ssp. verna

1753. Ranunculus ficaria  L.
1762. Ficaria verna  Huds.
1882. Ficaria ficaria  H. Karst. nom. illeg.
1908. R. ficaria var. bulbifer Albert
1981. R. ficaria ssp. bulbifer Lambinon
Lesser celandine,
Fig buttercup,
Fig-crowfoot,
Pilewort
Introduced,
Very highly invasive,
NYIS: 86%[1],
Prohibited[2]
Ficaria verna.jpg
Ficaria verna ssp verna nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS 
FNA Trop.


Images, wsp
Genus Ranunculus sect. Ranunculus[edit]
Ranunculaceaesubfam. Ranunculoideaetribe Ranunculeaegenus Ranunculussect. Ranunculus
Ranunculus sect. Ranunculus Buttercup N.Y. Status Images Distribution 23
 L.f.
Pennsylvania buttercup,
Bristly buttercup,
Bristly crowfoot
Native,
Secure
Ranunculus pensylvanicus NRCS-1.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngRanunculus pensylvanicus BB-1913.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
Poir. ex Lam.
var. recurvatus
Blisterwort,
Hooked crowfoot
Native,
Secure
Ranunculus recurvatus NRCS-1.jpg
Ranunculus recurvatus var recurvatus NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
Early buttercup Native,
Secure
Ranunculus fascicularis NRCS.jpg
NYFA-5
USDA-N





Images, wsp
 Michx.
var. caricetorum

R. caricetorum Greene
R. septentrionalis var. caricetorum
R. siciformis
Bristly buttercup Native,
Secure
Ranunculus hispidus NRCS-1.jpg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
 Michx.
var. hispidus
Bristly buttercup Native,
Secure
Ranunculus hispidus NRCS-3.pngImg spacer 2x87.pngRanunculus hispidus BB-1913.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
 Michx.
var. nitidus
Bristly buttercup,
Hispid buttercup
Native,
Endangered
Ranunculus hispidus var nitidus NRCS-2.jpg
NYFA-1
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
Tall butter-cup Introduced
Ranunculus acris ENBLA02.JPG
Ranunculus acris NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-N?





Images, wsp
Bulbous butter-cup,
St. Anthony's turnip
Introduced
Ranunculus bulbosus 003.JPG
Ranunculus bulbosus NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-X





Images, wsp
Creeping butter-cup Introduced
Ranunculus repens NRCS-1.jpg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
Crowfoot Introduced
Ranunculus sardous.jpeg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
Genus Ranunculus sect. Batrachium[edit]
Ranunculaceaesubfam. Ranunculoideaetribe Ranunculeaegenus Ranunculussect. Batrachium
Ranunculus sect. Batrachium White water-crowfoot N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 Godr.

Batrachium circinatum (Sibth.) Rchb.
Batrachium longirostre (Godr.) F.W.Schultz
Ranunculus amphibius James
Ranunculus aquatilis var's
Ranunculus circinatus auct. non Sibth.
Eastern white water-crowfoot,
Longbeak buttercup
Native,
Secure
Ranunculus longirostris NRCS-1.jpg
NYFA-5
USDA-N0





Images, wsp
 Chaix
var. trichophyllus

Batrachium flaccidum (Pers.) Rupr.
Batrachium porteri (Britton) Britton
Batrachium trichophyllum (Chaix) F.W.Schultz
Ranunculus aquatilis var's
Threadleaf buttercup Native,
Secure
RanunculusTrichophyllus.jpg
NYFA-0
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
Genus Ranunculus sect. Echinella[edit]
Ranunculaceaesubfam. Ranunculoideaetribe Ranunculeaegenus Ranunculussect. Echinella
Ranunculus sect. Echinella Buttercup N.Y. Status Images Distribution 23
Corn crowfoot,
Corn buttercup
Introduced
Ranunculus arvensis (Acker-Hahnenfuß) IMG 20824.JPG
Ranunculus arvensis NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-X





Images, wsp
 L.
Smallflower buttercup,
Small-flowered butter-cup
Introduced
Nsr-slika-035.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
Genus Ranunculus sect. Epirotes[edit]
Ranunculaceaesubfam. Ranunculoideaetribe Ranunculeaegenus Ranunculussect. Epirotes
Ranunculus sect. Epirotes Buttercup N.Y. Status Images Distribution 23
Kidney-leaved crowfoot,
Little-leaved buttercup
Native,
Secure
Ranunculus abortivus 003.jpg
Ranunculus abortivus NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-N





Images, wsp
Allegheny mountains crowfoot,
Allegheny Mountain buttercup
Native,
Likely secure
Ranunculus allegheniensis 1913.png
Ranunculus allegheniensis NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4
USDA-N





Images, wsp

  Nutt. ex Torrey & A.Gray
Small-flowered crowfoot,
Rock crowfoot,
Rock buttercup
Native,
Threatened
Ranunculus micranthus BB-1913.png
NYFA-3
USDA-N0





Images, wsp
Genus Ranunculus sect. Flammula[edit]
Ranunculaceaesubfam. Ranunculoideaetribe Ranunculeaegenus Ranunculussect. Flammula
Ranunculus Buttercup N.Y. Status Images Distribution 23
 L.
var. reptans

R. flammula var. filiformis
R. filiformis Michx.
R. reptans L.
R. reptans var. filiformis
R. reptans var. intermedius
Greater creeping spearwort Native,
Secure
Ranunculus flammula var reptans - Sturm.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
 L.
var. ovalis

R. flammula var. flammula
R. flammula var. angustifolius
R. flammula var. genuinus
R. filiformis var. ovalis
R. reptans var. ovalis
Greater creeping spearwort Native,
Vulnerable
Ranunculus.flammula.-.lindsey.jpg
NYFA-3-5
USDA-NN





Images, wsp

Ranunculus obtusiusculus Raf.
Water-plantain spearwort Native,
Likely secure
Ranunculus ambigens drawing.png
Ranunculus ambigens NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4-5
USDA-N0





Images, wsp
 Poir.

R. oblongifolius
R. pusillus var. angustifolius
R. tener
Low spearwort,
Pursh buttercup
Introduced,
Impersistent
Ranunculus pusillus NRCS-1.jpg
NYFA-X
USDA-N0





Images, wsp
Genus Ranunculus sect. Hecatonia[edit]
Ranunculaceaesubfam. Ranunculoideaetribe Ranunculeaegenus Ranunculussect. Hecatonia
Ranunculus sect. Hecatonia Buttercup N.Y. Status Images Distribution 23
 Raf.

Ranunculus delphiniifolius
Yellow water-crowfoot Native,
Secure
Ranunculus flabellaris 1.jpg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
 L.
var. sceleratus
Cursed crowfoot,
Blisterwort
Introduced,
N. America native
Ranunculus sceleratus(02).jpg
NYFA-X
USDA-NX





Images, wsp

Family Papaveraceae[edit]

The Papaveraceae (poppy family)...

Subfamily Papaveroideae[edit]

Tribe Papavereae[edit]

Papaveraceaesubfam. Papaveroideaetribe Papavereae
Argemone Pricklypoppy N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
ssp. albiflora
White prickly-poppy,
Bluestem prickly-poppy,
Texas prickly-poppy
Introduced,
N. America native
Prickly poppy Argemone munita plant backlit.jpg
NYFA-X
USDA-N0





Images, wsp
Mexican prickly-poppy Introduced,
N. America native
Argemone mexicana flower 5.jpg
Argemone mexicana NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-NW





Images, wsp
Papaver Poppy N.Y. Status Images Distribution 6
 L.
Long pricklyhead poppy,
Pale rough-fruited poppy
Introduced
Papaver argemone 1.jpg
Papaver argemone NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
 L.
Blindeyes,
Long-podded poppy,
Long-headed poppy
Introduced,
Rare
2009-09-18 (20) Red poppy, Klatschmohn.JPG
Papaver dubium NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XW





Images, wsp
 Boiss. & Hausskn.
Tulip poppy Introduced,
Rare
Papaver glaucum (1).jpg
Papaver glaucum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-X0





Images, wsp
 L.

Papaver pseudoorientale
Papaver pseudo-orientale
Oriental poppy Introduced,
Rare
Papaver orientale a1.jpg
Papaver orientale NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
 L.
Common poppy,
Corn poppy,
Field poppy,
Flanders poppy
Introduced
2010-06-29 (32) Red poppy, Klatsch-Mohn, Papaver rhoeas.JPG
Papaver rhoeas NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
 L.
Opium poppy,
Common poppy
Introduced
Papaver somniferum 'Opium poppy' (Papaveraceae) flower.JPG
Papaver somniferum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XW





Images, wsp

Tribe Chelidonieae[edit]

Papaveraceaesubfam. Chelidonioidieaetribe Chelidonieae
Sanguinaria Bloodroot N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.

1753. Sanguinaria canadensis  L.
1905. Sanguinaria australis  Greene
1905. Sanguinaria dilleniana  Greene
1909. Sanguinaria canadensis
   var.
rotundifolia (Greene) Fedde
Bloodroot,
Puccoon-root,
Red puccoon

Sanguinaire du Canada,
Sang-dragon
Native,
Likely secure
Bloodroot (4506078885).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS 
FNA 


Images, wsp
Chelidonium Celandine N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
var. majus
Greater celandine Introduced
Chelidonium majus J1.JPG
Chelidonium majus var majus NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
Macleaya Plume poppy N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (Willd.) R.Br.
Plume poppy Introduced
Macleaya cordata 3.jpg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
Glaucium Hornpoppy N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 Crantz
Yellow hornpoppy,
Yellow horned-poppy
Introduced,
Moderately invasive,
NYIS: 66%[1]
Glaucium flavum 2.JPG
Glaucium flavum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XW





Images, wsp
(L.) J.H.Rudolph
Blackspot hornpoppy Introduced,
Impersistent
Glaucium corniculatum flor.jpg
NYFA-X
USDA-X0





Images, wsp
Stylophorum Celandine-poppy N.Y. Status Images Distribution 0

1803. Chelidonium diphyllum  Michx.
1818. Stylophorum diphyllum  (Michx.) Nutt.
Celandine-poppy,
Wood-poppy
Introduced,
N. America native,
Cultivated only
Stylophorum diphyllum - woodland poppy - desc-flower open.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-0

ARS 

NSE BNA 

Images, wsp

Tribe Eschscholtzieae[edit]

Papaveraceaesubfam. Eschscholtzoidieaetribe Eschscholtzieae
Eschscholzia California-poppy N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 Cham.
ssp. californica

Eschscholzia procera Greene
California poppy Introduced,
N. America native
California poppy (Eschscholzia californica) - 7.jpg
NYFA-X
USDA-NX





Images, wsp

Subfamily Fumarioideae[edit]

Tribe Fumarieae[edit]

Subtribe Corydalineae[edit]
Genus Dicentra[edit]
Papaveraceaesubfam. Fumarioideaetribe Fumarieaesubtr. Corydalineaegenus Dicentra
Dicentra Bleeding-heart N.Y. Status Images Distribution n
 (Goldie) Walp.

1822. Corydalis canadensis  Goldie
1842. Dicentra canadensis  (Goldie) Walp.
1892. Bicuculla canadensis  (Goldie) Millsp.
Squirrel-corn,
Turkey-corn

Dicentre du Canada
Native,
Secure
Dicentra canadensis.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ARS ITIS
FNA 
NSE BNA 

Images, wsp
 (L.) Bernh.

1753. Fumaria cucullaria  L.
1806. Corydalis cucullaria  (L.) Pers.
1833. Dicentra cucullaria  (L.) Bernh.
1892. Bicuculla cucullaria  (L.) Millsp.
1912. Dicentra occidentalis  (Rydb.) Fedde
Dutchman's breeches,
Turkey-corn,
Dicentre à capuchon
Native,
Secure
Dicentra cucullaria Flowers.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ARS ITIS
FNA 
NSE BNA 

Images, wsp
Wild bleeding-heart,
Eastern bleeding-heart
Introduced,
N. America native
Dicentra eximia0.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X



NSE BNA 

Images, wsp
Genus Lamprocapnos[edit]
Papaveraceaesubfam. Fumarioideaetribe Fumarieaesubtr. Corydalineaegenus Lamprocapnos
Lamprocapnos Bleeding-heart N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(L.) Fukuhara 1997

1753. Fumaria spectabilis L.
1831. Diclytra spectabilis (L.) DC.
1847. Dicentra spectabilis (L.) Lem.
1997. Lamprocapnos spectabilis
Bleeding-heart,
Asian bleeding-heart,
Common bleedinghearts
Introduced,
Asia native
Fleurs de printemps "Coeur de Marie" (4544804133).jpg
NYFA-X
USDA-
NEW 
ARS ITIS



Images, wsp
Genus Adlumia[edit]
Papaveraceaesubfam. Fumarioideaetribe Fumarieaesubtr. Corydalineaegenus Adlumia
Adlumia Adlumia N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (Aiton) Greene
ex Britton, Sterns & Poggenb. 1888

1789. Fumaria fungosa Aiton
1803. Fumaria recta Michx.
1808. Fumaria cirrhosa Raf.
1888. Adlumia fungosa Greene ex BSP
1891. Bicuculla fungosa Kuntze
Allegheny vine,
Climbing fumitory,
Mountain-fringe,
Woodfringe
Native,
Likely secure
Adlumia fungosa drawing.png
NYFA-4
USDA-NN

ARS ITIS



Images, wsp
Genus Capnoides[edit]
Papaveraceaesubfam. Fumarioideaetribe Fumarieaesubtr. Corydalineaegenus Capnoides
Capnoides Harlequin N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (L.) Borkh.

1753. Fumaria sempervirens  L.
1797. Capnoides sempervirens  Borkh.
1806. Corydalis sempervirens  Pers.
1813. Corydalis glauca  Pursh
Pink corydalis,
Pale corydalis,
Rock harlequin,
Harlequin-flower
Native,
Likely secure
Pink Corydalis.jpg
Capnoides sempervirens NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA 


Images, wsp
Genus Corydalis[edit]
Papaveraceaesubfam. Fumarioideaetribe Fumarieaesubtr. Corydalineaegenus Corydalis
Corydalis Fumewort N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
 (Raf.) DC. 1824

1808. Fumaria flavula Raf.
1891. Capnoides flavula Kuntze
Yellow corydalis,
Yellow fumewort
Native,
Vulnerable
Corydalis flavula - Yellow Fumewort.jpg
Corydalis flavula NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-3
USDA-NN

ARS ITIS



Images, wsp
ssp. aurea
Golden corydalis,
Scrambled eggs
Native,
Threatened
Corydalis aurea 3.jpg
Corydalis aurea ssp aurea NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-2
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
 (Thunb.) Pers.
Purple keman Introduced,
Rare
Corydalis incisa 01.jpg
NYFA-X
USDA-00





Images, wsp
Subtribe Fumariineae[edit]
Papaveraceaesubfam. Fumarioideaetribe Fumariineae
Fumaria Fumitory N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.

1753. Fumaria officinalis  L.
Common Fumitory,
Drug fumitory,
Earth smoke,
Wax dolls

Fumeterre officinal
Introduced,
from Eurasia,
northern Africa
Fumaria officinalis 2601.JPG
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS 
FNA Trop.


Images, wsp
Pseudofumaria Rock fumitory N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (L.) Borkh.

1771. Fumaria lutea  L.
1790. Capnoides luteum  Gaertn.
1797. Pseudofumaria lutea  Borkh.
1805. Corydalis lutea  DC.
Rock fumewort,
Yellow corydalis,
Rock corydalis,
Rock fumitory
Introduced
Corydalis lutea J1.jpg
NYFA-X
USDA-X0

ARS ITIS
Trop.


Images, wsp