Flora of New York/Lamiales 3

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Lamiales 2
Flora of New York: Lamiales 3
Aquifoliaceae, Campanulaceae, Menyanthaceae
Table of
contents
Genus
index
Protected species index Invasive species index


Family Mazaceae[edit]

The Mazaceae (mazus family)...

Mazaceae
Mazus Mazus N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 Makino

 (=) Mazus reptans N.E.Br. 
Miquel's mazus Introduced
Mazus miquelii2.jpg
Mazus miquelii NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-X0



Images
 (Burm.f.) Steenis

 (=) M. japonicus (Thunb.) Kuntze 
Japanese mazus Introduced
Mazus pumilus 1.jpg
Mazus pumilus NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-X0



Images

Family Phrymaceae[edit]

The Phrymaceae (lopseed family)...

Tribe Mimuleae[edit]

Phrymaceae – tribe Mimuleae
Mimulus Monkey flower N.Y. Status Images Distribution 4
 L.
Allegheny monkey-flower,
Squarestem monkeyflower
Native,
Secure
Mimulus ringens 02.jpg
Mimulus ringens NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN



Images
 Aiton
Sharpwing monkey-flower Native,
Vulnerable
Mimulus alatus - Winged Monkeyflower 2.jpg
Mimulus alatus NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-3
NRCS-NN



Images
Dougl. ex Lindl.
Musk-flower,
Musk-plant
Introduced,
N. America native
Mimulus moschatus 1.jpg
Mimulus moschatus NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-NN



Images
 DC.
Seep monkey-flower Introduced,
Western native
Mimulus guttatus 002.JPG
Mimulus guttatus NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-
NRCS-NN



Images
Glossostigma Mudmat N.Y. Status Images Distribution 0
W.R.Barker

1891. G. diandrum auct. non. Kuntze
1992. G. cleistanthum  W.R.Barker
Mudmats,
Mud-mat,
Mud mat
Introduced from
 Australia,
Potentially invasive,
NYIS: 35%
矮珍珠.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-0
NRCS-X0
NEW 
ITIS
Trop.
Images

Tribe Phrymeae[edit]

Phrymaceae – tribe Phrymeae
Phryma Lopseed N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.

 (=) P. leptostachya var. confertifolia 
Lopseed,
American lopseed
Native,
Secure
Phryma leptostachya var. asiatica 8.JPG
Phryma leptostachya NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN



Images

Family Paulowniaceae[edit]

The Paulowniaceae (princesstree family) is represented by a single species growing outside of cultivation in New York.

Paulowniaceae
Paulownia Paulownia N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
Princesstree,
Royal paulownia,
Empress Tree,
Foxglove Tree
Introduced,
Moderately invasive,
NYIS: 51%
Paulownia tomentosa flowers.jpg
Paulownia tomentosa NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-X



Images

Family Orobanchaceae[edit]

The subfamilial classification used here for the Orobanchaceae (broomrape family) is based in part on McNeal, et. al. (2013) "Pylogeny and Origins of Holoparasitism in Orobanchaceae" American Journal of Botany 100(5): 971–983. 2013.

Subfamily Rhinanthoideae[edit]

Tribe Castillejeae[edit]

Castillejeae Reveal, Phytoneuron 2012-37: 216. 23 Apr 2012

Orobanchaceae – subfam. Rhinanthoideae – tribe Castillejeae
Castilleja Indian paintbrush N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (=) Castilleja ludoviciana  
Scarlet Indian-paintbrush Native,
Endangered
Castilleja coccinea drawing.pngImg spacer 2x87.pngCastilleja coccinea.jpg
Castilleja coccinea NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-1
NRCS-N



Images
Orthocarpus Owl's-clover N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 Benth.
Rosy owl's-clover Introduced,
Impersistent
Orthocarpus bracteosus.jpg
Orthocarpus bracteosus NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-NN



Images

Tribe Gerardieae[edit]

Genus Aureolaria[edit]
Orobanchaceae – subfam. Orobanchoideae – subtr. Gerardieae – genus Aureolaria
Aureolaria False-foxglove N.Y. Status Images Distribution 4
(L.) Pennell
 (=) Agalinis virginica  
 (=) Aureolaria dispersa & microcarpa 
 (=) Dasistoma dispersa & virginica 
 (=) Gerardia dispersa & virginica 
Downy false-foxglove,
Downy yellow false foxglove
Native,
Secure
Aureolaria virginica BB-1913.png
Aureolaria virginica NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN

ITIS

Images
var. flava
Smooth yellow false foxglove Native,
Secure
Aureolaria flava var flava drawing.png
Aureolaria flava var flava NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN



Images
Fern-leaved yellow false foxglove Native,
Likely secure
Aureolaria pedicularia var pedicularia BB-1913.png
Aureolaria pedicularia NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4
NRCS-NN



Images
var. macrantha
Smooth yellow false foxglove Native,
Endangered
False foxglove flower aureolaria flava.jpg
Aureolaria flava var macrantha NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-1



Images
Genus Agalinis[edit]
Orobanchaceae – subfam. Orobanchoideae – subtr. Gerardieae – genus Agalinis
Agalinis False-foxglove N.Y. Status Images Distribution 10
var. tenuifolia
Slender false-foxglove Native,
Secure
Agalinis tenuifolia drawing.png
Agalinis tenuifolia var tenuifolia NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5



Images
var. parviflora
Slender-leaved false foxglove Native,
Unranked
Agalinis tenuifolia NRCS.jpg
Agalinis tenuifolia var parviflora NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-U



Images
var. macrophylla
Slender-leaved false foxglove Native,
Unranked
Agalinis tenuifolia macrophylla drawing.png
Agalinis tenuifolia var macrophylla NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-U



Images
Purple false foxglove Native,
Vulnerable
Agalinis purpurea NRCS.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngAgalinis purpurea drawing.png
Agalinis purpurea NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-3-4



Images
var. paupercula
Small-flowered false foxglove Native,
Vulnerable
Agalinis paupercula drawing.png
Agalinis paupercula var paupercula NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-3?



Images
var. borealis
False-foxglove Native,
Rare
Agalinis paupercula.jpg
Agalinis paupercula var borealis NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-3
DEC-3



Images
Fascicled false-foxglove Native,
Rare
Agalinis fasciculata drawing.pngImg spacer 2x87.pngAgalinis fasciculata.jpg
Agalinis fasciculata NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-3
DEC-3



Images
var. maritima
Salt-marsh false-foxglove Native,
Threatened
Agalinis maritima drawing-1.png
Agalinis maritima var maritima NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-2-3
DEC-2



Images
 (=) Gerardia acuta  
Sandplain gerardia,
Sandplain agalinis,
Sandplain false foxglove
Native,
Endangered
Agalinis acuta at Trustom Pond NWR.jpg
Agalinis acuta NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-1
NRCS-N
DEC-1
FWS
CPC



Images
Thread-leaved gerardia Introduced
Agalinis setacea drawing.png
Agalinis setacea NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X



Images

Tribe Pedicularideae[edit]

Orobanchaceae – subfam. Rhinanthoideae – tribe Pedicularideae
Pedicularis Lousewort N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 L.
ssp. canadensis
Canadian lousewort,
Forest lousewort,
Wood-betony
Native,
Secure
Pedicularis canadensis.png
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN



Images
 Michx.

 (=) Pedicularis auriculata Sm. 
 (=) Pedicularis pallida Nutt. 
 (=) Pedicularis virginica Poiret 
Swamp lousewort Native,
Threatened
Pedicularis lanceolata BB-1913.png
Pedicularis lanceolata NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-2
NRCS-NN



Images

Tribe Buchnereae[edit]

Orobanchaceae – subfam. Orobanchoideae – tribe Buchnereae
Buchnera Bluehearts N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
American bluehearts,
Bupleurum
Native,
Endangered,
No recent reports
Buchnera americana.png
Buchnera americana NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-Z
NRCS-N



Images

Tribe Rhinantheae[edit]

Orobanchaceae – subfam. Rhinanthoideae – tribe Rhinantheae
Melampyrum Cow-wheat N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
 Desr.
var. lineare
Narrowleaf cowwheat,
American cow-wheat
Native,
Secure
Melampyrum lineare BB-1913.png
Melampyrum lineare var lineare NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN



Images
 Desr.
var. latifolium
 (=) Melampyrum latifolium  
Narrowleaf cowwheat,
Narrow-leaved cow-wheat
Native,
Unranked
Melampyrum lineare 4272.JPG
Melampyrum lineare var latifolium NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-U
NRCS-NN



Images
 Desr.
var. pectinatum
Narrowleaf cowwheat,
Narrow-leaved cow-wheat
Native,
Unranked
Melampyrum lineare 8746.jpg
Melampyrum lineare var pectinatum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-U
NRCS-N0



Images
Rhinanthus Yellow rattle N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
(Scop.) Pollich (1777)

 (=) Rhinanthus major L. 
European yellow rattle Introduced,
N. America native
Rhinanthus alectolophorus minor 220505.jpg
NYFA-X
NRCS-X0



Images
Little yellow rattle Introduced,
N. America native
XN Rhinanthus minor 00.jpg
NYFA-X



Images
Euphrasia Eyebright N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 D.Wolff ex J.F.Lehm.
 (=) Euphrasia brevipila  
 (=) Euphrasia condensata 
 (=) Euphrasia officinalis 
 (=) Euphrasia rigidula 
Drug eyebright Introduced
Euphrasia stricta (Larvik).JPG
Euphrasia stricta NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX



Images
Odontites Odontites N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (Bellardi) Dumort.
ssp. serotinus
 (=) Odontites serotinus  
 (=) Odontites vulgaris 
Red bartsia Introduced
Odontites vernus (8349606056).jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngOdontites vernus vallee-de-grace-amiens 80 22062007 3.jpg
Odontites vernus ssp serotinus NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX



Images

Subfamily Orobanchoideae[edit]

Tribe Orobancheae[edit]

Orobanchaceae – subfam. Orobanchoideae – tribe Orobancheae
EpifagusNutt. Beech drops N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
Beechdrops Native,
Secure
Epifagus virginiana.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngEpifagus virginiana BB-1913.png
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN



Images
Conopholis Cancer root N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (L.) Wallr.
Squaw root Native,
Likely secure
Squawroot.jpg
NYFA-4
NRCS-NN



Images
Orobanche Broom rape N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
One-flowered broomrape Native,
Likely secure
Broom rape flowers.jpg
NYFA-4
NRCS-NN



Images
Small broomrape,
Clover broomrape,
Hellroot
Introduced
Orobanche minor 1.jpg
Orobanche minor NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-X0



Images

Tribe Cymbarieae[edit]

Orobanchaceae – subfam. Orobanchoideae – tribe Cymbarieae
Schwalbea Chaff seed N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L. (1753)
Chaffseed Native,
Likely extirpated
Schwalbea americana.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngSchwalbea americana BB-1913.png
NYFA-Z
NRCS-N0



Images

Family Verbenaceae[edit]

The Verbenaceae (vervain family) ...

Tribe Verbeneae[edit]

Verbenaceae – tribe Verbeneae
Verbena Vervain N.Y. Status Images Distribution 11
 Lehm.
Narrowleaf vervain,
Narrow-leaved vervain
Native,
Likely secure
Verbena simplex BB-1913.png
NYFA-4
NRCS-NN



Images
 L.
var. leiocarpa
White vervain Native,
Likely secure
Verbena urticifolia 002.JPG
NYFA-4
NRCS-N0



Images
 L.
var. urticifolia
White vervain Native,
Secure
Verbena urticifolia 001.JPG
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN



Images
Moldenke
[ hastata × urticifolia ]
Hybrid vervain Native,
Endangered
NYFA-1?
NRCS-NN



Images
Moldenke
[ bracteata × urticifolia ]
Hybrid vervain Native,
Unranked
NYFA-U
NRCS-NN



Images
Prostrate vervain,
Bigbract verbena
Introduced,
N. America native
Verbena bracteata 1.jpg
NYFA-X
NRCS-NN



Images
 Vent.
Hoary verbena Introduced,
N. America native
Hoary Vervain aka Verbena stricta.jpg




Images
var. bonariensis
Purpletop vervain Introduced
Verbena bonariensis.jpg
Template:Nyis-plant
NYFA-X
NRCS-X



Images
Western vervain Introduced
Verbena lasiostachys var. scabrida 001.jpg
NYFA-X



Images
European vervain Introduced
Verbena officinalis Enfoque 2011-6-25 SierraMadrona.jpg
NYFA-X
NRCS-X0



Images

Tribe Lantaneae[edit]

Verbenaceae – tribe Lantaneae
Phyla Fogfruit N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 Greene
 (=) Lippia lanceolata  
Northern bog-fruit,
Lanceleaf fogfruit,
Frogfruit
Introduced,
N. America native
Phyla lanceolata NRCS-1.jpg
NYFA-X
NRCS-NN



Images

Family Pedaliaceae[edit]

Subfamily Pedalioideae[edit]

Tribe Sesameae[edit]

Pedaliaceae – subfam. Pedalioideae – tribe Sesameae
Sesamum Sesame N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L. (1753)

 (=) S. orientale L. 
Sesame,
Sésame
Introduced,
Impersistent
Sesamum indicum fructus.jpg
NYFA-Xm
NRCS-X0



Images

Family Martyniaceae[edit]

Martyniaceae
Proboscidea Unicorn plant N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
ssp. louisianica
Devil's-claw,
Ram's horn
Introduced,
N. America native
Proboscidea louisianica3.jpg
NYFA-X
NRCS-NX



Images

Family Linderniaceae[edit]

The Linderniaceae ...

Tribe Lindernieae[edit]

Linderniaceae – tribe Lindernieae
Lindernia False pimpernel N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
 (L.) Pennell
var. anagallidea (Michx.) Cooperr.

 (=) Ilysanthes anagallidea 
 (=) Ilysanthes inequalis 
 (=) Lindernia anagallidea 
Yellowseed false pimpernel,
Yellow-seeded false pimpernel
Native,
Secure
Lindernia dubia NRCS-1.png
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN



Images
 (L.) Pennell
var. dubia

 (=) Ilysanthes attenuata 
 (=) Ilysanthes dubia 
 (=) L. procumbens auct. non Borb. 
Yellowseed false pimpernel,
Yellow-seeded false pimpernel
Native,
Secure
Lindernia dubia NRCS-3.pngImg spacer 2x87.pngLindernia dubia var dubia BB-1913.png
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN



Images
(Krock.) Philcox (1965)

 (=) Anagalloides procumbens Krock. 
 (=) Lindernia pyxidaria auct. 
Prostrate false pimpernel Introduced
Lindernia procumbens.JPG
NYFA-X
NRCS-X0



Images
Micranthemum Mud flower N.Y. Status Images Distribution n
(Nutt.) Wettst.

 (=) Hemianthus micranthemoides 
Nuttall's micranthemum,
Nuttall's mudflower,
Nuttall's mudwort
Native,
Likely extirpated
Micranthemum micranthemoides BB-1913.png
NYFA-
NRCS-N0



Images

Family Bignoniaceae[edit]

The Bignoniaceae (bignonia family)...

Tribe Tecomeae[edit]

Bignoniaceae – tribe Tecomeae
Campsis Campsis N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(L.) Seem. ex Bureau (1867)

 (=) Bignonia radicans L. 
 (=) Tecoma radicans (L.) Juss. 
Trumpet-creeper Introduced,
N. America native
Campsis radicans 0.3 R.jpg
NYFA-X
NRCS-NN

ARS ITIS

Images

Tribe Catalpeae[edit]

Bignoniaceae – tribe Catalpeae
Catalpa Catalpa N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
Walter (1788)
Southern catalpa Introduced,
US South native
Catalpa bignonioides 2.JPG
NYFA-X
NRCS-NX

ARS ITIS

Images
(Warder) Warder ex Engelm. (1875)
Northern catalpa Introduced,
US South native
Catalpa speciosa1UME.jpg
NYFA-X
NRCS-NX

ITIS

Images
 G.Don (1837)
Chinese catalpa,
Yellow catalpa
Introduced,
Asia native
CatalpaOvata.jpg
NYFA-X
NRCS-

ARS ITIS

Images

Family Acanthaceae[edit]

The Acanthaceae (acanthus family) primarily consists of tropical plants, with only a few species existing outside of cultivation in New York.

Subfamily Acanthoideae[edit]

Tribe Ruellieae[edit]

Acanthaceae – tribe Ruellieae
Ruellia Petunia N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
Fringeleaf wild petunia,
Fringe-leaved wild petunia
Introduced
Ruellia-humilis-20080401.JPG
Ruellia humilis NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-N0



Images

Tribe Justicieae[edit]

Acanthaceae – tribe Justicieae
Justicia Water-willow N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (L.) Vahl
 (=) Dianthera americana  
 (=) Justicia americana 
 (=) Justicia mortuifluminis 
 (=) Justicia umbratilis 
American water-willow,
Common water-willow
Native,
Likely secure
TypicalAmericanWaterWillow.jpg
Justicia americana NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4
NRCS-NN



Images

Family Lentibulariaceae[edit]

The Lentibulariaceae (bladderwort family)...

Genus Pinguicula[edit]

Lentibulariaceae – genus Pinguicula
Pinguicula Butterwort N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L. (1753)

 (=) P. vulgaris var. americana 
Common butterwort Native,
Threatened
Grassette commune.JPG
NYFA-2
NRCS-NN

ARS ITIS

Images

Genus Utricularia[edit]

Subgenus Bivalvaria[edit]

Lentibulariaceae – genus Utricularia – subg. Bivalvaria
Utricularia sect. Stomoisia Bladderwort N.Y. Status Images Distribution 14
 Michx. (1803)
Horned bladderwort Native,
Secure
Utricularia cornuta Orchi 12.jpg
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN



Images
 Vahl (1804)
Southern bladderwort Native,
Endangered
Utricularia juncea.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngUtricularia juncea (as Stomoisia virgatula) BB-1913.png
NYFA-1
NRCS-N0



Images

Subgenus Utricularia[edit]

Lentibulariaceae – genus Utricularia – subg. Utricularia
Utricularia sect. Utricularia Bladderwort N.Y. Status Images Distribution 14
 L. (1753)
Humped bladderwort Native,
Secure
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN

ITIS

Images
 Hayne
Flat-leaved bladderwort Native,
Likely secure
Utricularia intermedia BB-1913.pngImg spacer 2x87.pngUtricularia intermedia (as U. media) Sturm64.png
NYFA-4
NRCS-NN

ITIS

Images
 Leconte
Common bladderwort,
Greater bladderwort
Native,
Likely secure
Utricularia macrorhiza flower.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngUtricularia macrorhiza BB-1913.png
NYFA-4
NRCS-NN

ITIS

Images
 Benj.
Hiddenfruit bladderwort Native,
Rare
Utricularia geminiscapa PinhookBog.jpg
NYFA-3
NRCS-NN



Images
 L. (1753)
Lesser bladderwort Native,
Rare
Utricularia minor USDA.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngUricularia minor.jpeg
NYFA-3
NRCS-NN



Images
 Walter (1788)
Swollen bladderwort Native,
Threatened
Utricularia inflata 01.jpg
NYFA-2
NRCS-N0

ARS ITIS

Images
 Small (1903)
Small floating bladderwort,
Little floating bladderwort
Native,
Threatened
Utricularia radiata BB-1913.png
NYFA-2
NRCS-NN

ITIS

Images
Leconte ex Torr. (1819)
Striped bladderwort Native,
Threatened
NYFA-2
NRCS-N0



Images
[ intermedia × minor ]
 (=) Utricularia × ochroleuca  
 (=) Utricularia occidentalis A.Gray 
 (=) Utricularia stygia G.Thor 
Yellowishwhite bladderwort Native,
Endangered
NYFA-1?
NRCS-NN

ITIS

Images
Utricularia sect. Lecticula Bladderwort N.Y. Status Images Distribution 14
B.D.Greene ex Bigelow (1840)

 (=) Lecticula resupinata 
Lavender bladderwort Native,
Likely secure
Utricularia resupinata BB-1913.png
NYFA-4-5
NRCS-NN

ITIS

Images
Utricularia sect. Vesiculina Bladderwort N.Y. Status Images Distribution 14
 Walter
Eastern purple bladderwort Native,
Likely secure
Utricularia purpurea BB-1913.png
NYFA-4
NRCS-NN

ITIS

Images
Utricularia sect. Setiscapella Bladderwort N.Y. Status Images Distribution 14
 L. (1753)
Zigzag bladderwort Native,
Rare
Utricularia subulata.jpg
NYFA-3
NRCS-NN

ITIS

Images