Punjabi/Vocabulary/Relations

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ਰਿਸ਼ਤੇ - Relations[edit | edit source]

ਪਿਤਾ, Bahadur Shah - I with his sons and a grand son

A relation is called ਰਿਸ਼ਤਾ in Punjabi. We continue with the concept of gender we introduced in Animals chapter. The list below contains masculine relations only where the noun is regular but where ever the noun is irregular the feminine gender form is also provided. For a description of regular and irregular nouns click here

  1. ਪਿਤਾ = father
  2. ਮਾਤਾ = mother
  3. ਪੁੱਤਰ = son
  4. ਧੀ = daughter
  5. ਭਰਾ = brother
  6. ਭੈਣ = sister
  7. ਪਤੀ = husband
  8. ਪਤਨੀ = wife
  9. ਦਾਦਾ = paternal grandfather (father's father)
  10. ਦਾਦੀ = paternal grandmother (father's mother)
  11. ਪੋਤਾ = grand-son (son's son)
  12. ਪੋਤੀ = grand-daughter (son's daughter)
  13. ਨਾਨਾ = maternal grandfather (mother's father)
  14. ਨਾਨੀ = maternal grandmother (mother's mother)
  15. ਦੋਹਤਾ= grand son (daughter's son)
  16. ਦੋਹਤੀ =grand daughter (daughter's daughter)
  17. ਚਾਚਾ = uncle (younger brother of father)
  18. ਚਾਚੀ = aunt (wife of father's younger brother)
  19. ਤਾਇਆ = uncle (elder brother of father)
  20. ਤਾਈ = aunt (wife of father's elder brother)
  21. ਭਤੀਜਾ = nephew (brother's son)
  22. ਭਣੇਵਾਂ = nephew (sister's son)
  23. ਮਾਮਾ = uncle (mother's brother)
  24. ਮਾਮੀ = aunt (wife of mother's brother)
  25. ਫੁੱਫੜ = husband of father's sister
  26. ਭੂਆ = father's sister
  27. ਮਾਸੜ = husband of mother's sister
  28. ਮਾਸੀ = mother's sister
  29. ਦੋਸਤ (ਮਿਤਰ) = friend
  30. ਸਹੇਲੀ = female friend
  31. ਸਹੁਰਾ = father-in-law
  32. ਸੱਸ = mother-in-law
  33. ਜੁਆਈ = son-in-law
  34. ਨੂੰਹ = daughter-in-law
  35. ਸਾਲ਼ਾ = brother-in-law (wife's brother)
  36. ਜੀਜਾ = brother-in-law (sister's husband)
  37. ਜੇਠ = brother-in-law (elder brother of husband)
  38. ਦਿਉਰ = brother-in-law (younger brother of husband)
  39. ਭਾਬੀ = sister-in-law (brother's wife)
  40. ਨਨਾਣ = sister-in-law (husband's sister)
  41. ਕੁੜਮ = father-in-law of son or daughter
  42. ਕੁੜਮਣੀ = mother-in-law of son or daughter

Exercises[edit | edit source]

1. Write the feminine gender form of the following:

ਸਾਲਾ, ਮਾਮਾ, ਚਾਚਾ, ਪੋਤਾ
Solutions
ਸਾਲੀ, ਮਾਮੀ, ਚਾਚੀ, ਪੋਤੀ

2. Write the masculine gender form of the following:

ਦਾਦੀ, ਭਣੇਂਵੀ, ਭਤੀਜੀ
Solutions
ਦਾਦਾ, ਭਣੇਂਵਾ, ਭਤੀਜਾ

3. Change the gender of the following nouns:

ਮਾਸੀ, ਸੱਸ, ਜੇਠ, ਦਿਉਰ, ਭੂਆ
Solutions
ਮਾਸੜ, ਸਹੁਰਾ, ਜੇਠਾਣੀ, ਦਰਾਣੀ, ਫੁੱਫੜ