Punjabi/Vocabulary/Animals

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ਜਾਨਵਰ - Animals[edit | edit source]

Animals are called ਜਾਨਵਰ in Punjabi. Given below are the Punjabi equivalents of some common animal names.

  1. ਘੋੜਾ = horse
  2. ਵਛੇਰਾ = foal/baby horse
  3. ਕੁੱਤਾ = dog
  4. ਕਤੂਰਾ = puppy
  5. ਬਘਿਆੜ = wolf
  6. ਖੋਤਾ = donkey
  7. ਚੂਹਾ = rat
  8. ਨੇਲ/ਨਿਉਲਾ = mongoose
  9. ਬਿੱਲੀ = cat
  10. ਬਲੂੰਗਾ/ਬਲੂੰਗੜਾ = kitten
  11. ਬੱਕਰੀ = goat
  12. ਮੇਮਣਾ = kid/baby goat
  13. ਕਿਰਲੀ = lizard
  14. ਬੋਤੀ = camel - female
  15. ਗਾਂ = cow
  16. ਵੱਛਾ = calf(cow)
  17. ਮੱਝ = buffalo
  18. ਕੱਟਾ = calf(buffalo)
  19. ਭੇਡ = sheep
  20. ਲੇਲਾ = lamb
  21. ਖ਼ਰਗੋਸ਼ = rabbit
  22. ਸਹਿਆ/ਸਹਾ = hare/jackrabbit
  23. ਸੂਰ = pig
  24. ਖੱਚਰ = mule
  25. ਊਠ = camel (also called ਬੋਤਾ)
  26. ਗਾਲੜ੍ਹ/ਕਾਟੋ = squirrel
  27. ਸ਼ੇਰ = lion
  28. ਬਾਘ = tiger
  29. ਚੀਤਾ = cheetah
  30. ਰਿੱਛ = bear
  31. ਸੱਪ = snake
  32. ਸਪੋਲ਼ੀਆ = snakelet, small snake
  33. ਬਿੱਛੂ/ਠੂਹਾਂ = scorpion
  34. ਹਿਰਨ = deer
  35. ਬਾਰਾਂਸਿੰਗਾ = stag
  36. ਗੈਂਡਾ = rhinoceros
  37. ਹਾਥੀ = elephant
  38. ਬਾਂਦਰ = monkey
  39. ਗਿੱਦੜ = jackal
  40. ਲੂੰਬੜੀ = fox
  41. ਗਿਰਗਿਟ = chameleon
  42. ਲੰਗੂਰ = langur
  43. ਕੱਛੂਆ = tortoise
  44. ਡੱਡੂ = frog
  45. ਮੱਛੀ = fish
  46. ਘੜਿਆਲ = alligator
  47. ਮਗਰਮੱਛ = crocodile
  48. ਗੋਹ = monitor lizard
  49. ਚਮਗਾਦੜ/ਚਮਗਿੱਦੜ = bat
  50. ਕੰਡਿਆਲ਼ਾ/ਕੰਡੇਰਨਾ/ਝਾਹਾ = hedgehog
  51. ਸੇਹ = porcupine
  52. ਗੰਡੋਆ = earthworm

Exercises[edit | edit source]

1. Write names of ten animals in Punjabi.
2. Masculine gender in Punjabi is called ਪੁਲਿੰਗ and feminine gender is called ਇਸਤਰੀ ਲਿੰਗ. All the above animal names, nouns as they are, bear gender. Regular masculine nouns, as in the case of first five animal names above, end with kanna(ਾ). Gender of regular masculine nouns is changed by replacing kanna(ਾ) with bihari(ੀ). Now change the gender of the following regular masculine nouns

ਘੋੜਾ, ਕੁੱਤਾ, ਚੂਹਾ, ਖੋਤਾ
Solutions
ਘੋੜੀ, ਕੁਤੀ, ਚੂਹੀ, ਖੋਤੀ

3. Regular feminine nouns, as in the case of sixth to ninth animal names above, end with bihari(ੀ). The gender of the regular feminine nouns is changed by replacing the bihari(ੀ) with kanna(ਾ). Now change the gender of the following regular feminine nouns

ਬਿੱਲੀ, ਬੱਕਰੀ, ਕਿਰਲੀ, ਬੋਤੀ
Solutions
ਬਿਲਾ, ਬੱਕਰਾ, ਕਿਰਲਾ, ਬੋਤਾ

4. Change the number of the following:

ਘੋੜਾ, ਕੁੱਤਾ, ਚੂਹਾ, ਮੱਝ, ਭੇਡ
Solutions
ਘੋੜੇ, ਕੁਤੇ, ਚੂਹੇ, ਮੱਝਾਂ, ਭੇਡਾਂ

Conclusion[edit | edit source]

In this chapter you were introduced to animals. You also learnt the concept gender in Punjabi. The next chapter shall be devoted to flowers.