Punjabi/Vocabulary/Animals

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ਜਾਨਵਰ - Animals[edit]

Animal is called ਜਾਨਵਰ in Punjabi. ਬਾਘ i.e. Tiger, a rare combination of grace, strength, agility and enormous power, is the National Animal of India. The Bengal Tiger (see picture) looks majestic.

  1. ਘੋੜਾ = horse
  2. ਕੁੱਤਾ = dog
  3. ਖੋਤਾ = donkey
  4. ਚੂਹਾ = rat
  5. ਨਿਉਲਾ = mongoose
  6. ਬਿੱਲੀ = cat
  7. ਬੱਕਰੀ = goat
  8. ਕਿਰਲੀ = lizard
  9. ਬੋਤੀ = camel - female
  10. ਗਾਂ = cow
  11. ਮੱਝ = buffalo
  12. ਭੇਡ = sheep
  13. ਖ਼ਰਗੋਸ਼ = rabbit
  14. ਸੂਰ = pig
  15. ਖੱਚਰ = mule
  16. ਊਠ = camel (also called ਬੋਤਾ)
  17. ਗਾਲੜ੍ਹ = squirrel
  18. ਸ਼ੇਰ = lion
  19. ਬਾਘ = tiger
  20. ਚੀਤਾ = cheetah
  21. ਭਾਲੂ = bear
  22. ਸੱਪ = snake
  23. ਬਿੱਛੂ = scorpion
  24. ਹਿਰਨ = deer
  25. ਬਾਰਾਂਸਿੰਗਾ = stag
  26. ਗੈਂਡਾ = hippopotamus
  27. ਹਾਥੀ = elephant
  28. ਬਾਂਦਰ = monkey
  29. ਗਿੱਦੜ = jackal
  30. ਲੂਮੜੀ = fox
  31. ਗਿਰਗਟ = chameleon
  32. ਲੰਗੂਰ = langoor
  33. ਕੱਛੂਆ = tortoise
  34. ਡੱਡੂ = frog
  35. ਮੱਛੀ = fish
  36. ਘੜਿਆਲ = alligator
  37. ਮਗਰਮੱਛ = crocodile

Exercises[edit]

1. Write names of ten animals in Punjabi.
2. Masculine gender in Punjabi is called ਪੁਲਿੰਗ and feminine gender is called ਇਸਤਰੀ ਲਿੰਗ. All the above animal names, nouns as they are, bear gender. Regular masculine nouns, as in the case of first five animal names above, end with kanna(ਆ). Gender of regular masculine nouns is changed by replacing kanna(ਆ) with bihari(ਈ). Now change the gender of the following regular masculine nouns

ਘੋੜਾ, ਕੁੱਤਾ, ਚੂਹਾ, ਖੋਤਾ
Solutions
ਘੋੜੀ, ਕੁਤੀ, ਚੂਹੀ, ਖੋਤੀ

3. Regular feminine nouns, as in the case of sixth to ninth animal names above, end with bihari(ਈ). The gender of the regular feminine nouns is changed by replacing the bihari(ਈ) with kanna(ਆ). Now change the gender of the following regular feminine nouns

ਬਿੱਲੀ, ਬੱਕਰੀ, ਕਿਰਲੀ, ਬੋਤੀ
Solutions
ਬਿਲਾ, ਬੱਕਰਾ, ਕਿਰਲਾ, ਬੋਤਾ

4. Change the number of the following:

ਘੋੜਾ, ਕੁੱਤਾ, ਚੂਹਾ, ਮੱਝ, ਭੇਡ
Solutions
ਘੋੜੇ, ਕੁਤੇ, ਚੂਹੇ, ਮੱਝਾਂ, ਭੇਡਾਂ

Conclusion[edit]

In this chapter you were introduced to animals. You also learnt the concept gender in Punjabi. The next chapter shall be devoted to flowers.