Punjabi/Vocabulary/Food

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ਖਾਣਾ - Food[edit]

ਸਾਗ (saag) and ਮੱਕੀ ਦੀ ਰੋਟੀ (roti)

ਰੋਟੀ also called ਫ਼ੁਲਕਾ or ਚਪਾਤੀ is a flat bread cooked in tandoor, a special oven or a flat pan called ਤਵਾ. It is the staple food of Punjabis. It is made of wheat flour. ਮੱਕੀ ਦੀ ਰੋਟੀ made of the corn flour or ਮਿਸੀ ਰੋਟੀ made from gram flour, called ਵੇਸਣ, are also Punjabi delicacies. Other foods are-

Breads
  1. ਪਰਾਂਠਾ = A stuffed ਰੋਟੀ cooked with ghee (clarified butter)
  2. ਪੂੜੀ = A fried bread
  3. ਭਟੂਰਾ = A bread fried with baking powder and curd
  4. ਕੁਲਚਾ = A stuffed oven cooked bread
  5. ਮਾਲ੍ਹ ਪੂੜਾ = Flour batter fried on tawa like a parantha and served with kheer
Rice
  1. ਚਾਵਲ = Boiled rice
  2. ਪੁਲਾਉ = Rice fried with jeera or peas and then boiled in limited water
  3. ਜਰਦਾ = Sweet rice
  4. ਖਿਚੜੀ = Rice cooked with lentils
  5. ਖੀਰ = Rice cooked in milk and sugar or jaggery
Vegetables and dals
  1. ਸਬਜ਼ੀ = Vegetable (also a vegetable dish)
  2. ਸਾਗ = A dish made from the mustard stems
  3. ਦਾਲ = A dish made from pulses specially lentils
  4. ਮਸਰ, ਮਾਂਹ, ਮੂੰਗੀ, ਮੋਠ, ਲੋਬੀਆ, ਅਰਹਰ = Different types of lentils
  5. ਰਾਜ ਮਾਂਹ = Kideny beans
  6. ਕਾਬਲੀ ਛੋਲੇ = Chickpeas
  7. ਕਾਲੇ ਛੋਲੇ = Grams
  8. ਕੜ੍ਹੀ ਪਕੌੜਾ = Pakorhas cooked in curd with gram flour
Non-vegetarian dishes
  1. ਮੀਟ = meat
  2. ਮੁਰਗਾ = Chicken
  3. ਮੱਛੀ = Fish
  4. ਅੰਡੇ = Eggs
Milk products
  1. ਦੁੱਧ = Milk
  2. ਦਹੀਂ = Curd
  3. ਰੈਤਾ = Vegetables in curd
  4. ਦਹੀਂ ਭੱਲੇ = Curd with deep fried moong balls
  5. ਮੱਖਣ = Butter
  6. ਲੱਸੀ = Butter milk
Snacks
  1. ਪਕੌੜਾ = Deep fried balls of gram flour and vegetables
  2. ਸਮੋਸਾ = Potatoes and assorted vegetables rolled in wheat flour and cooked in oil
  3. ਕਚੌਰੀ = Similar to ਸਮੋਸਾ but stuffed with cooked pulses
  4. ਆਲੂ ਟਿੱਕੀ = Mashes potatoes round shaped and fried on tawa
Sweets
  1. ਜਲੇਬੀ = Orange sweet
  2. ਲੱਡੂ = Orange sweet made from gram flour
  3. ਬਰਫੀ = Indian sweet made from paneer
  4. ਪੇਠਾ = Pumpkin in syrup
  5. ਪੰਜੀਰੀ = A dry dish made from wheat flour with dry fruits
  6. ਪਿੰਨੀ = Sweets like Panjiri compressed into a ball
  7. ਸੇਵੀਆਂ = Vermicelli
  8. ਗਾਜਰ ਦਾ ਹਲਵਾ = Carrot desert
  9. ਰਸ ਗੁਲੇ = A sweet made from coconut
  10. ਗੁਲਾਬ ਜਾਮੁਨ = A sweet made from milk powder
  11. ਬਾਲੂੂਸ਼ਾਹੀ = A sweet made from maida, yoghurt, oil and sugar
  12. ਕੁਲਫੀ = Frozen milk concentrate
  13. ਪੇੜਾ = A milk based sweet
  14. ਪਤੀਸਾ = A sweet made from besan
Miscellaneous
  1. ਚੂਰੀ = Scrambled ਰੋਟੀ treated with butter and sugar
  2. ਕੜਾਹ = Semolina (rawa) cooked in ghee with sugar