Scouting/BSA/Archaeology Merit Badge
Archaeology : archaeology is the study of past human life by examining buildings and objects found in the ground. Geology : the science that deals with the dynamics and physical history of the earth Anthropology : the science that deals with the origins, physical and cultural development, biological characteristics, and social customs and beliefs of humankind Paleontology : the science of the forms of life existing in former geologic periods, as represented by their fossils History : the branch of knowledge dealing with past events
Site location : First, the archaeologists try to locate sites. There are many ways to find sites. 1) Archaeologists can locate sites by looking for places where there is a possibility that ancient cultures might have survived. A likely idea is near a river, but not close enough for houses to be affected by floods. An unlikely idea is in the center of a desert, far way from a source of water.
2) Some sites are found before a construction. Before a building construction, archaeologists are informed of the building. If they find artifacts, construction plans might have to be changed. Constrution might also be delayed.
Site excavation : 2nd, before the excavation the archaeologists separate the field into several areas. After that, they begin to protect the site. They forbid access to other people. At the end, they begin to excavate.
Artifact identification and examination : The assistance of specialists and the recourse to laboratories often are essential to date to determine materials or organizations, to study the human remainders.
Interpretation : After the study of the new data, the researcher proposes several assumptions on the object find. This aspect determining of research often calls upon a gathering of specialized knowledge joined together in data bases.
Preservation : the preservation is of course out of question of preserving all the sites concealing of the vestiges. It’s imperative to preserve the sites major and necessary to study the others before any destruction. It is also advisable to ensure the conservation of the vestiges put at the day: they are intended to enter public collections (museums), where they are then accessible to the researchers
Information sharing : The diffusion of the results of the excavations and the archaeological studies constitutes an essential stage of the work of the archaeologist. The ministry for the Culture and the Communication took this route by the means of a policy of edition and exposures in order to sensitize the public with archaeological research. The regional services of archaeology publish each year a regional scientific assessment
1) The dating with carbon-14 is a method of measurement of the age of an organic subtance (time passed since the death). The absolute age limits which can be measured is approximately 50 000 years. The dating with the carbon-14 is a powerful tool thanks to which them archaeologists dates from the events before indatable, in particular those which are old of more than 6000 years (prehistoric).
2)the archeologists can date object with the style. For exemple in Greece,
people black , background red (-620 ; -530)
people red, background black from -530
It is important to protect archaeological sites. The archaeological sites are unique. Many of the sites are broken. They need protection. The sites have been made by our ancestors. It’s important to protect these sites.
What people should do if they think they have found an artifact: When a person finds old objects, he must call to the cityhall. The cityhall can call to an archaeologist. Many sites are found during a construction of a road, building…. All states have laws to protect sites.
Ways in which you can be a protector of the past: To protect archaeological sites, you must obey the law of protection of archaeological objects. don’t do escavation alone
== requirement 7 ==
- photos of all the world - bible or other religious text - map of the world - book
Archaeologists will understand what the world was like with the photos, the map, and the books. They will understand what some people of the world think with the religious text.
== requirement 8 ==
Egyptologist Egyptologist is the study of old Egypt. A archaeologist need to work Latin and Greek. He does a archeologist’s school and to choose option Egyptologist.
Subaqueous archaeology is research and the study of the vestiges in order to know the human activities of last and is practised in interior water:·
artificial often closed: wells, cisterns, underground conduits drowned,·
natural: lakes, rivers, ponds, peat bogs, marshes, karst, and ground water
The aquatic environment is very favorable to archaeology: water protects from the destructive human actions, the organic and mineral elements safe from oxygen, the light and the biological organizations are preserved often perfectly. A archaeologist under water need do a school of archaeology an to practise swimming under water.
Restorer They need to do history of art and after to work in “conservation and restoration of the object” they restore especially object into ceramic and sometimes out of glass exits of the archeologic excavation
- Archaeology Merit Badge with Workbook PDF, current requirements, and resources for the Archaeology Merit Badge.
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