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ਰਿਸ਼ਤੇ - Relations[edit]

A relation is called ਰਿਸ਼ਤਾ in Punjabi. We continue with the concept of gender we introduced in Animals chapter. The list below contains masculine relations only where the noun is regular but where ever the noun is irregular the feminine gender form is also provided. For a description of regular and irregular nouns click here

  1. ਪਿਤਾ = father
  2. ਮਾਤਾ = mother
  3. ਪੁੱਤਰ = son
  4. ਧੀ = daughter
  5. ਭਰਾ = brother
  6. ਭੈਣ = sister
  7. ਪਤੀ = husband
  8. ਪਤਨੀ = wife
  9. ਦਾਦਾ = grand-father
  10. ਪੋਤਾ = grand-son
  11. ਚਾਚਾ = uncle (younger brother of father)
  12. ਤਾਇਆ = uncle (elder brother of father)
  13. ਤਾਈ = aunt (wife of father's elder brother)
  14. ਭਤੀਜਾ = nephew (brother's son)
  15. ਭਣੇਵਾਂ = nephew (sister's son)
  16. ਮਾਮਾ = uncle (mother's brother)
  17. ਫੁੱਫੜ = husband of father's sister
  18. ਭੂਆ = father's sister
  19. ਮਾਸੜ = husband of mother's sister
  20. ਮਾਸੀ = mother's sister
  21. ਦੋਸਤ (ਮਿਤਰ)= friend
  22. ਸਹੇਲੀ = female friend

Some in-laws relations

  1. ਸਹੁਰਾ = father-in-law
  2. ਸੱਸ = mother-in-law
  3. ਜੁਆਈ = son-in-law
  4. ਨੂੰਹ = daughter-in-law
  5. ਸਾਲ਼ਾ = brother-in-law (wife's brother)
  6. ਜੀਜਾ = brother-in-law (sister's husband)
  7. ਜੇਠ = brother-in-law (elder brother of husband)
  8. ਦਿਉਰ = brother-in-law (younger brother of husband)
  9. ਭਾਬੀ = sister-in-law (brother's wife)
  10. ਨਨਾਣ = sister-in-law (husband's sister)
  11. ਕੁੜਮ = father-in-law of son or daughter
  12. ਕੁੜਮਣੀ = mother-in-law of son or daughter


1. Write the feminine gender form of the following:

ਸਾਲਾ, ਮਾਮਾ, ਚਾਚਾ, ਪੋਤਾ
ਸਾਲੀ, ਮਾਮੀ, ਚਾਚੀ, ਪੋਤੀ

2. Write the masculine gender form of the following:

ਦਾਦੀ, ਭਣੇਂਵੀਂ, ਭਤੀਜੀ
ਦਾਦਾ, ਭਣੇਂਵਾਂ, ਭਤੀਜਾ

3. Change the gender of the following nouns:

ਮਾਸੀ, ਸੱਸ, ਜੇਠ, ਦਿਉਰ, ਭੂਆ
ਮਾਸੜ, ਸਹੁਰਾ, ਜੇਠਾਣੀਂ, ਦਰਾਣੀ, ਫੁਫੜ