Punjabi/Vocabulary/Birds

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ਪੰਛੀ - Birds[edit]

ਮੋਰ - Peacock

Bird is called ਪੰਛੀ in Punjabi. ਮੋਰ i.e. peacock, a symbol of grace, joy, beauty and love, is the National bird of India. It looks beautiful when it fans its tail feathers. Here are some more birds.

  1. ਤੋਤਾ = parrot
  2. ਬਟੇਰਾ = quail
  3. ਬਗਲਾ = egret
  4. ਕਬੂਤਰ = pigeon
  5. ਤਿੱਤਰ = partridge
  6. ਕੋਇਲ = nightingale
  7. ਬਾਜ = hawk
  8. ਚੀਲ = vulture
  9. ਇੱਲ, ਚੀਲ = kite
  10. ਚਿੜੀ = sparrow
  11. ਘੁੱਗੀ = dove
  12. ਟਟੀਹਰੀ = lapwing, Skylark
  13. ਗਟਾਰ = mynah
  14. ਬਤਖ਼ = duck
  15. ਹੰਸ = swan
  16. ਕੁੱਕੜ = cock, rooster, cockerel
  17. ਉੱਲੂ = owl
  18. ਕਾਂ = crow
  19. ਸਾਰਸ = crane
  20. ਚੱਕੀਰਾਹਾ = common hoopoe, woodpecker

Some Grammar[edit]

Colors chapter introduced you to Punjabi adjectives. In this chapter we consider the number of the noun. There are only two numbers in Punjabi the singular and the plural. The singular is ਇੱਕ ਵਚਨ and plural ਬਹੁ ਵਚਨ in Punjabi.

  1. Regular Punjabi nouns end with kanna(ਆ). Plurals of regular nouns are formed by replacing kanna(ਆ) with lanv(ਏ).
    • ਬਗਲਾ → ਬਗਲੇ
    • ਤੋਤਾ → ਤੋਤੇ
  2. Plurals of irregular nouns are formed by adding airha plus kanna with a bindi (ਆਂ) when the noun ends with a vowel.
    • ਚਿੜੀ → ਚਿੜੀਆਂ
    • ਉੱਲੂ → ਉੱਲੂਆਂ
  3. In other cases of irregular nouns plural is formed by adding kanna with bindi to the noun.
    • ਮੋਰ → ਮੋਰਾਂ
    • ਇੱਲ → ਇੱਲਾਂ

Exercises[edit]

1. Write names of ten birds in Punjabi.
2. Write the plural forms of the following regular Punjabi nouns.

  1. ਤੋਤਾ
  2. ਬਟੇਰਾ
  3. ਬਗਲਾ
Solutions
  1. ਤੋਤੇ
  2. ਬਟੇਰੇ
  3. ਬਗਲੇ

3. Write the plural forms of the following Punjabi nouns.

  1. ਚਿੜੀ
  2. ਬਤਖ਼
  3. ਗਟਾਰ
  4. ਤਿੱਤਰ
  5. ਕਬੂਤਰ
  6. ਬਾਜ
  7. ਮੋਰ
Solutions
  1. ਚਿੜੀਆਂ
  2. ਬਤਖ਼ਾਂ
  3. ਗਟਾਰਾਂ
  4. ਤਿੱਤਰਾਂ
  5. ਕਬੂਤਰਾਂ
  6. ਬਾਜਾਂ
  7. ਮੋਰਾਂ

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References Appendix 1 : PhoneticsAppendix 2 : A Dictionary of Punjabi UsagePunjabi grammar - Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaOnline Punjabi Teaching -- ACTDPL, Punjabi University, PatialaOmniglot: Useful Punjabi phrasesਅਜੀਤ Ajit Jalandharਪੰਜਾਬੀ ਟ੍ਰਿਬਿਊਨ Punjabi Tribuneਜਗਬਾਣੀ Jagbaniਪੰਜਾਬੀ ਪੋਸਟ Punjabi Post (Canada)ਤਿੰਨ ਰੰਗ ਨਹੀਉਂ ਲਭਣੇ - Wikisource