Punjabi/Vocabulary/Colors

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ਰੰਗ: Colors رنگ[edit]

ਤਿਰੰਗਾ - the Tricolor: National Flag of India

Color in Punjabi is ਰੰਗ. The picture shows the National Flag of India, called ਤਿਰੰਗਾ - the Tricolor. The three stripts have the following colors

  1. ਕੇਸਰੀ = safron (Top strip)
  2. ਚਿੱਟਾ = white (Middle strip)
  3. ਹਰਾ = green (Lower strip)

The ਕੇਸਰੀ color represents bravery, the ਚਿੱਟਾ (white also called ਸਫੈਦ) color peace and ਹਰਾ (green) color symolizes progress. In the middle of the flag is Ashok Chakra in ਨੀਲਾ (blue) color having twenty four spokes portraying the prevalence of righteousness all 24 hours of the day.

The following are some more colors in Punjabi

  1. ਲਾਲ = red لال
  2. ਪੀਲਾ = yellow پیلا
  3. ਗੁਲਾਬੀ = pink گلابی
  4. ਸੁਨਹਿਰਾ = golden سنہرا
  5. ਭੂਰਾ = brown
  6. ਨਾਭੀ = maroon
  7. ਸੂਹਾ = bright shining red سوہا
  8. ਨਾਰੰਗੀ = orange
  9. ਜਾਮਨੀ= purple
  10. ਕਾਲਾ = black
  11. ਸਲੇਟੀ = grey

ਲਾਲ color is associated with danger while ਸੂਹਾ color is generally associated with bridal wear. Many young Sikhs prefer ਨਾਭੀ color turbans(sikh head-wear).

Grammar[edit]

Adjective 
Adjective is a word that modifies a noun or pronoun. Colors make excellent adjectives. See for example
  1. ਲਾਲ ਦੁਪੱਟਾ = red head scarf
  2. ਗੁਲਾਬੀ ਗੱਲ੍ਹ = pink cheek
  3. ਸੁਨਹਿਰਾ ਭਵਿਖ = golden future
  4. ਨਾਭੀ ਪੱਗ = maroon turban
  5. ਕਾਲਾ ਕਾਂ = black crow

Excercises[edit]

1. Write the Punjabi names of the colors found in the Tricolor.

Solutions
  1. Safron: ਕੇਸਰੀ
  2. White: ਚਿੱਟਾ
  3. Green: ਹਰਾ
  4. Blue: ਨੀਲਾ (Ashoka Chakra's color)

2. What are the following colors called in Punjabi

  1. Pink
  2. Purple
  3. Golden
  4. Red
Solutions
  1. Pink: ਗੁਲਾਬੀ
  2. Purple: ਜਾਮੁਨੀ
  3. Golden: ਸੁਨਿਹਰਾ
  4. Red: ਲਾਲ