Punjabi/Gurmukhi/Semi-vowels

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The last six chapters were devoted to learn the velars, palatals, retroflexes, dentals and labials. In this chapter we will learn the letters of the seventh row (ਯ ਵਰਗ) of Gurmukhi consisting of the Semi vowels.

Seventh row of Gurmukhi[edit]

The letters of the seventh row of Gurmukhi are

ਯ ਰ ਲ ਵ ੜ

They are called ਯ - yaiia, ਰ - raaraa, ਲ - lallaa, ਵ - vavaa and ੜ - rhaarhaa. Their pronunciation is ਯ - /y/, ਰ - /r/, ਲ - /l/, ਵ - /v/ and ੜ - /rh/.
Each of them is explained below.

Yaiiaa 
This is how words yak and yes are written in Gurmukhi
ਯਾ + ਕ = ਯਾਕ = yak
ਯੈੱ + ਸ = ਯੈੱਸ = yes
Raaraa 
ਰ is equivalent to /r/. For illustration of the use of ਰ see these examples
ਰੈ + ਟ = ਰੈਟ = rat
ਰੇ + ਡੀ + ਓ = ਰੇਡੀਓ = radio
Lallaa 
ਲ is equivalent to /l/. The words lava and jail are written in Gurmukhi as
ਲਾ + ਵਾ = ਲਾਵਾ = lava
ਜੇ + ਲ = ਜੇਲ = jail
Vavvaa 
ਵ is equivalent to /v/. Notice the words vest and velar in Gurmukhi below.
ਵੈ + ਸ + ਟ = ਵੈਸਟ = vest
ਵੈ + ਲ + ਰ = ਵੈਲਰ =velar
Rhaarhaa 
Last letter ੜ of the original 'Penti' has no English equivalent. We will denote it with to /rh/. Have a look at a Punjabi example.
ਵਾ + ੜ = ਵਾੜ = fence
ਮਾ + ੜਾ = ਮਾੜਾ = weak, bad

Exercises[edit]

1. Use Practice module to write the letters of the seventh row many times in your note book as you did earlier. You can click one of the letters below to go to relevant page of the practice module.

2. Read these English words written in Gurmukhi

  1. ਯੈੱਸ
  2. ਰੇਡੀਓ
  3. ਲੈਟਰ
  4. ਵੈਸਟ
  5. ਯੀਸਟ
Solutions
  1. Yes
  2. Radio
  3. Letter
  4. West
  5. Yeast

3. Write the following words in Gurmukhi and English.

  1. ਲੇਮ
  2. ਵਿੰਡ
  3. ਰੀਡ
  4. ਯੀਲਡ
  5. ਵਾਇਟ
Solutions
  1. ਲੇਮ - Lame
  2. ਵਿੰਡ - Wind
  3. ਰੀਡ - Read
  4. ਯੀਲਡ - Yield
  5. ਵਾਇਟ - White

4. Write these English words in Gurmukhi

  1. Leap
  2. Rate
  3. Yellow
  4. Wax
  5. Lake
  6. Welding
  7. Loom
  8. Yak
  9. Lady
  10. Wet
Solutions
  1. ਲੀ + ਪ = ਲੀਪ
  2. ਰੇ + ਟ = ਰੇਟ
  3. ਯੈ + ਲੋ = ਯੈਲੋ
  4. ਵੈ + ਕ + ਸ = ਵੈਕਸ
  5. ਲੇ + ਕ = ਲੇਕ
  6. ਵੈ + ਲ + ਡਿੰ + ਗ = ਵੈਲਡਿੰਗ
  7. ਲੂ + ਮ = ਲੂਮ
  8. ਯੈ + ਕ = ਯੈਕ
  9. ਲੇ + ਡੀ = ਲੇਡੀ
  10. ਵੈੱ + ਟ = ਵੈੱਟ

Summary[edit]

In this lesson you have learnt the five letters ਯ, ਰ, ਲ, ਵ and ੜ. We are left with only the last row which you will learn in the next chapter.

Labials · Neo-group