Turkey is a birthplace of Ottoman Empire, created by Turkish tribes in Anatolia (Asia Minor) that grew to be one of the most powerful states in the world during the 15th and 16th centuries. The Ottoman period spanned more than 600 years and came to an end only in 1922, when it was replaced by the Turkish Republic.
Where is Turkey?
Turkey is borded on the north by the Black Sea, on the northeast by Georgia and Armenia, on the east by Azerbaijan and Iran, on the southeast by Iraq and Syria, on the southwest and west by the Mediterranean Sea and the Aegean Sea, and on the northwest by Greece and Bulgaria.
How many people live in Turkey?
According to the latest census figures, the total population in Turkey was estimated at 82.0 million people in 2018.
What are the most common languages in Turkey?
Under the Constitution of Turkey: Article 42, the Turkish language is established as the official language of the country. The language is also the most spoken in the country.The common ethnic languages spoken in Turkey are Turkish, Kurmanji, Arabic and Zazaki.
What is the most common religion in Turkey?
In a 1928 constitutional amendment, Islam was removed as the official state religion. However, more than 90% of the population is Muslim.
What is the sport of Turkey?
Turkish oil wrestling (also known as grease wrestling / Yağlı güreş ) is the national sport of Turkey. Wrestlers wear hand stitched leather trousers called kisbet and are drenched in olive oil before the match as this makes it more difficult to gain a grip on your opponent. The rule of grease wrestling are the competitors need to protect their own kisbet while trying to attack his challenger. To gain hold the wrestlers will go down the back of their opponents uniform. Winning using this move is known as paca kazık.
What are some important sites?
Topkapi Sarayi - It was the imperial complex and the royal residence of Ottoman sultans in Istanbul throughout the first 400 years of the Ottoman Empire. The palace contains myriad buildings and courtyards, including a treasury, harems, an armory, imperial halls, and royal chambers.
Blue Mosque / Sultan Ahmed Mosque - Istanbul mosque is that it has six minarets, as opposed to the usual two or four of most of the city’s mosques. In the history of the Blue Mosque, legend has it that this is because of a misunderstanding – when the Sultan decreed there should be altın minare (gold minarets), the architect heard altı minare (six minarets)
Hagia Sophia - It is a museum which was originally built as a church during Emperor Justinian and converted to a mosque during the Ottoman Empire and finally under order of Mustafa Kemal Ataturk , it was finally reopened as a museum in 1935.