Wikijunior:Asia/Armenia

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Armenia on the globe (Europe centered).svg
Flag of Armenia.svg Armenia
50,000 Armenian dram

Armenia is a country before the declaration of its independence, for more than 70 years has been a part of the Soviet Union, called Armenian SSR. The country officially declared its independence from the USSR in 1990 (after the fall of Soviet Union). There was a referendum held, according to which, the full independence of Armenia was declared in 1991. After the creation of the third Republic of Armenia, the country received international recognition and many states started establishing diplomatic relations with Armenia.

Yerevan or Erevan is capital city of Armenia. The currency of Armenia is called dram.

Where is Armenia?[edit]

Geographically, Armenia is located in the continent of Europe. Armenia is bordered by Azerbaijan to the east, Iran to the south, Turkey to the west, and Georgia to the north.

How many people live in Armenia?[edit]

According to the latest official census data as of 2011, the population of the country is estimated at 3 million people consisting of Armenians (98.1%), Yazidis (1.2%) and others (0.7%). The natives living there identifies themselves as Armenians.

What are the most common languages in Armenia?[edit]

Armenian is the offical language of Armenia. There are sub-group language of Western Armenian and Eastern Armenian.

What is the most common religion in Armenia?[edit]

Overwhelmingly, 92.6% of Armenians are Armenian Apostolic ( a sect of Christianity) and the rest are other sect of Christianity.

What is the sport of Armenia?[edit]

Armenians playing chess at roadside in Vernissage, Yerevan

Chess is the national "sports" in Armenia. The chess board is made up of eight rows and eight columns for a total of 64 squares of alternating colors. There are tow sides namely black and white. Each of 2 sides will have 16 pieces of units that have different movement type according to the rank.The chess ultimate goal are delivering a "checkmate" opponents using the 16 pieces of units to trap your opponent´s king meanwhile prevent yours suffering the same fate.

The Armenian authorities recognizes there are many chess master coming from Armenia such as Tigran Petrosian,Rafael Vaganian ,Smbat Lputian, and Arshak Petrosian. Hence, they are the first government in the world to include chess on the national curriculum. Since 2011, all children in Armenia from six to eight years old have compulsory chess lessons. The authorities purpose of teaching chess in school is about building character, and will help nurture a sense of responsibility and organisation among school children.

What are some important sites?[edit]

Noravank

Noravank - It is one of Armenia’s defining characteristics monastery with the sheer brick-red cliffs shield the monastery, which was built in the 13th century. Noravank is famous for its Astvatsatsin (Holy Mother of God) church. The sculptor of the grandest portions of Noravank was a man by the name of Momik, who created the lovely stonework that survives today. He also carved a number of uniquely Armenian religious monuments known as “khachkars” which usually depicted an image of a cross surmounting a circular symbol. The sculptor is also buried in a simple grave at the site.


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