Georgia is a country that has other name "Sakartvelo" which is commonly used by the natives. During the medieval period a Georgian Empire exists, reaching its height between the 10th and 13th centuries. After a long period of Turkish and Persian domination, Georgia was annexed by the Russian Empire in the 19th century. An independent Georgian state existed from 1918 to 1921, when it was incorporated into the Soviet Union. In 1936 Georgia became a constituent (union) republic and continued as such until the collapse of the Soviet Union. During the Soviet period the Georgian economy was modernized and diversified. One of the most independence-minded republics, Georgia declared sovereignty on November 19, 1989, and independence on April 9, 1991.
The capital of Georgia is Tbilisi (Tiflis) . The currency of Georgia is lari.
Where is Georgia?[edit | edit source]
How many people live in Georgia?[edit | edit source]
There are about 4 million people living in Georgia according to 2012 population census. Ethnic Georgians account for 84% of the population, with other ethnicity including Armenians, Greeks, Russians, Jews, Azerbaijanis, Ossetians, and Abkhazians.
What are the most common languages in Georgia?[edit | edit source]
The official language is Georgian. It is spoken as a first language by over 86% of the population. Georgian is divided into East Georgian and West Georgian groups that are together related to other languages spoken in the country including Laz and Svan.
What is the most common religion in Georgia?[edit | edit source]
Vast majority of Georgia’s population is Christian, with most belonging to the Georgian Orthodox Church; with 65% of Georgians were Georgian Orthodox, 11% were Muslim, 10% Russian Orthodox, and 8% Armenian Apostolic.
What is the sport of Georgia?[edit | edit source]
Lelo Burti is a full contact team sport that originated during ancient times in Georgia. It is literally translates to "Field Ball" in Georgian and has lots of similarities to rugby. is played between two teams with 15 players on each team, in two 30-minute periods. Players are allowed to move the ball by kicking, passing it forward or backward, or running with the ball.
The objective of the sport is to score as many goals as possible. Goals are scored by kicking or carrying the ball through a center portion of the end line (referred to as "mak") .
What are some important sites?[edit | edit source]
Uplistsikhe, literally translated to “Lord’s Fortress“, is a town carved in the rock of a cliff. The place was founded in the late Bronze Age, around 1000 BC, and continued to be inhabited officially until the 13th century AD, when the Mongols pillaged it.
The interior of monasteryis the real spectacle with intricately painted murals adorn every space and there is a giant mosaic creating the centerpiece of the church. It was founded in 1106 and was one of the first monasteries in Georgia.