Wikijunior:Asia/Afghanistan

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Afghanistan on the globe (Asia centered).svg
Flag of Afghanistan.svg Afghanistan

Afghanistan (Pashto/Dari: افغانستان‎), officially the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, is a landlocked country in the Middle East.

Afghanistan has a population of 42 million people, making it the 42nd most populated country in the world. The country's strategic location along the Silk Road connected it to the cultures of other countries in the Middle East and other parts of Asia, which is why Afghanistan is very diverse.

Its capital is Kabul, the currency is Afghan afghanis and the current president is Ashraf Ghani.

Where is Afghanistan[edit]

Afghanistan is located in Central and Southern Asia. It borders Iran towards the west, Pakistan towards the south and east, Tajikstan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan to the north, and China towards the northeast.

How many people live in Afghanistan?[edit]

In 2016, 33 million, including the 3 million Afghan citizens living as refugees in both Pakistan and Iran, lived in Afghanistan. The population is rising. On average, any person will live for 60.5 years.

What is the most common religion in Afghanistan?[edit]

99% of citizens are Muslim. 90% of Afghanistan Sunni Muslims while the rest are Shia Muslims. The other 1% is made up of Sikhs and Hindu.

What languages are used in Afganistan?[edit]

Pashto and Dari are official languages. It is common for people to speak two, or more, languages.

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