Wikijunior:Asia/Taiwan

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Taiwan on the globe (Asia centered).svg
Flag of the Republic of China.svg Taiwan
NT$100

Taiwan beginning start way back in 15th century where European sailors passing by record the island’s name as Ilha Formosa, or beautiful island. In 1624,Dutch East India Company establishes a base in southwestern Taiwan, initiating a transformation in aboriginal grain production practices and employing Chinese laborers to work on its rice and sugar plantations. In 1683, Qing dynasty (1644-1912) forces take control of Taiwan’s western and northern coastal areas and declared Taiwan as a province of the Qing Empire in 1885. In 1895, after defeat in the First Sino-Japanese War (1894-1895), the Qing government signs the Treaty of Shimonoseki, by which it cedes sovereignty over Taiwan to Japan, which rules the island until 1945.

Taipei is capital city of Taiwan and New Taiwan dollar (NT) is the currency of Taiwan.

Where is Taiwan?[edit]

Taiwan is located at Philippine Sea which neighboring to China on the west, Japan to the northeast, and the Philippines to the south.

How many people live in Taiwan?[edit]

Based on last national census in 2010, the population of Taiwan is estimated at 23.12 million peoples. The natives identifies themselves as Taiwanese. The population of Taiwan is composed of these ethnic or subethnic groups: Groups of the Fukien Taiwanese (Fukienese [Fujianese], or Hoklo) and the Hakka (84%) and Chinese who came from mainland China (14%) , aboriginal peoples (1.4%) , Ami (0.6%)

What are the most common languages in Taiwan?[edit]

Taiwan in Traditional Chinese

The most common language are Minnan, a form of Southern Min (often called Taiwanese on Taiwan), which comes from southern Fukien province. It is spoken by the Fukien Taiwanese. The mainlanders speak Mandarin Chinese, the official language of China. Most aboriginal people speak Mandarin; many speak Taiwanese, and a diminishing number know Japanese. Hoklos also speak Mandarin; older ones speak Japanese. Most Hakka speak Taiwanese and Mandarin, and some speak Japanese.

What is the most common religion in Taiwan?[edit]

The aboriginal peoples practice animism, nature worship, and other indigenous religious rites (18.2%) . The Chinese brought Buddhism (35.3%) , Daoism (Taoism) (33.2%) , and Confucianism to Taiwan. The Dutch introduced Protestant Christianity and the Spanish Roman Catholicism (3.9%) . The Japanese brought Shinto (9.4%). In 1949 many religious groups and religious leaders—especially Confucian, Buddhist, and Daoist—fled to Taiwan from China.

What is the sport of Taiwan?[edit]

The most popular sport in Taiwan by far is baseball

What are some important sites?[edit]

The Taiwan is a very interesting places with there are many things to see and do in Taiwan.

Fort Santo Domingo - Fort Santo Domingo was built in 1629 by the Spanish, although the site has been home to both Dutch and British since. Situated in Xinbei, the fort has been altered by both the Dutch and British, who constructed stone walls and added the British Consulate.

Taipei 101 - Finished construction in 2004, it was once the world's tallest skyscrapper. It is located in the Xinyi District of Taipei, an area known for its financial services and vibrant shopping malls. One of the more famous attractions is a 728-ton tuned mass damper (TMD), a large spherical steel pendulum that offsets lateral movements caused by strong winds.

Yehliu Geopark - It is on Taiwan’s north coast cape in Wanli, near Keelung City, famous for its hoodoo stones, thin spires of rock formed by sedimentary stone. Many rock formations have creative names, including the most well-known “The Queen's Head.”

Night markets - Night Markets is initially began as informal vendor meetings, where merchants would get together and sell their wares. It is a local Taiwanese culture where the usually empty streets at day time will be filled with the vendors selling all sorts of goods during evening time. One of the more famous and largest night market in Taiwan is Shilin night market

Hot Springs - There are many hot springs that are located in Taiwan due to its proximity location near the Ring of Fire , one of the more famous one is Beitou Hot Spring

Whale Cave - It is a natural basalt sea cave on the north side of Hsiaomen Island in Penghu , and one of the many tourist attractions in the area. According to some it looks like a whale, but that is not the true origin of its name. The actual reason for the cave's name "Whale Cave" is that, a long time ago, a whale got stuck in the cave and died. According to local legend, a bone from that whale is now inside Dayi Temple located near to the Whale Cave.

Sun Moon Lake - It is Taiwan's largest lake Taiwan's largest lake,and located in the mountains of Nantou at the geographic centre of Taiwan island. The name of the lake is inspired by the beauty of the area. The east side of the lake is round, like the sun, while the west side is long and narrow, like a crescent moon.

Cijin Wind Turbine Park - There are some wind turbines that are built there with purpose of generating electricity for the park lights.

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