Conlang/Appendix/Glossary

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  Conlang  

 Appendix
Word list

Appendix
Glossary

 

Here some basic conlanging and linguistics terms.

Terms (in alphabetical order)[edit]

Adjective 
A word that modifies a noun.   (linguistics; Intermediate)
Adverb 
A word that modifies any part of language except a noun — verbs, adjectives, other adverbs, clauses, sentences.   (linguistics; Intermediate)
Affix 
A word-part that attaches to words and modifies their meaning.   (linguistics; Beginner, Intermediate)
Agent 
One of the thematic roles: The participant of a situation that carries out an action.   (linguistics)
Anadewism 
The phenomenon of discovering that a weird, supposedly original feature in your conlang already exists in some natural language. Coined in recognition that natural languages regularly turn out to be even more bizarre than what conlangers can devise. Acronym for (sic) another natlang already dunnit except worse.   (conlanging; FAQ)
A posteriori 
Of a feature, borrowed from natural languages rather than invented. Of a conlang, mostly composed of a posteriori features.   (conlanging; Types)
A priori 
Of a feature, invented rather than borrowed from natural languages. Of a conlang, mostly composed of a priori features.   (conlanging; Types)
Altlang 
Alternative history language. An artlang meant to be what some historical natlang would have evolved into in some alternative history.   (conlanging; Types)
Artlang 
Artistic language. A conlang created as art.   (conlanging; Types)
Auxlang 
Auxiliary language. A conlang meant as a common second language for people with different native languages.   (conlanging; Types)
Case 
Of a noun, its syntactic role in the sentence.   (linguistics; Intermediate)
Circumposition 
A pair of words that mark the beginning and end of a modifying phrase.   (linguistics)
Conlang 
Constructed language. A language deliberately invented by someone.   (conlanging; FAQ)
Diachronic 
Of a conlang, having its own internal fictional history.   (conlanging; Types)
Englang 
Engineered language. A conlang designed to meet objective criteria.   (conlanging; Types)
Euroclone 
An auxlang whose vocabulary is entirely Indo-European, often entirely Romance.   (conlanging; Types)
Evidentiality 
Of a verb, how the speaker knows the action happened.   (linguistics; Beginner)
Fauxlang 
Fictional auxlang. A supposed auxlang created by a character in a fictional setting.   (conlanging; Types)
Gender 
A way of classifying nouns into groups.   (linguistics; Beginner)
Grammar 
The study of the rules governing the use of a given language.   (linguistics; Beginner, Intermediate, Advanced)
IAL 
International Auxillary Language. An auxlang intended for use on an international scale. Auxlangs are almost always IALs, to the point where the two terms are often treated as synonyms.   (conlanging; Types)
Kitchen sink 
Of a conlang, having many exotic features with no apparent reason or overall scheme.   (conlanging; Types)
Loglang 
Logical language. A conlang based on formal logic.   (conlanging; Types)
Mood 
Of a verb, the possibility and necessity of the verb — whether it happens, might happen, can happen, is commanded to happen, etc.   (linguistics; Beginner, Intermediate)
Morpheme 
A word-part that has a meaning of its own.   (linguistics; Intermediate)
Morphology 
The study of the internal structure of words.   (linguistics; Beginner)
Natlang 
Natural language. A human language that occurred naturally, as opposed to a conlang.   (conlanging; FAQ)
Noun 
A word that denotes a thing (concrete or abstract).   (linguistics; Beginner, Intermediate, Advanced)
Number 
Of a noun, how many of the noun there are.   (linguistics; Beginner, Intermediate)
Object 
A part of a sentence that specifies a thing secondarily involved in the action of the verb. One of the three main parts of a sentence.   (linguistics)
Orthography 
The correct way of using a specific writing system to write the language.   (linguistics; Beginner, Intermediate)
Patient 
One of the thematic roles: The participant of a situation upon whom an action is carried out.   (linguistics)
Person 
Of a noun, how it relates to the speaker and the audience.   (linguistics)
Phonetics 
The study of the sounds of human speech.   (linguistics)
Phonology 
The study of the sound system of a specific language.   (linguistics)
Postposition 
A word that marks the end of a modifying phrase.   (linguistics)
Pragmatics 
The study of the ability of natural language speakers to communicate more than what is explicitly stated.   (linguistics; Beginner, Advanced)
Preposition 
A word that marks the start of a modifying phrase.   (linguistics)
Relex 
A conlang that too closely imitates a pre-existing language. Shortened from relexification.   (conlanging; Types)
Semantics 
Aspects of meaning, as expressed in language or other systems of signs.   (linguistics)
Subject 
One of the thematic roles: Only participant of an intransitive clause.   (linguistics)
Synchronic 
Of a conlang, not diachronic.   (conlanging; Types)
Syntax 
The study of how words are arranged into sentences.   (linguistics)
Tense 
Of a verb, when the action happens — past, present, future, etc.   (linguistics; Beginner, Intermediate)
Verb 
1. A word that denotes action performed by or on a thing (sometimes, the trivial action of being).
2. The part of a sentence that specifies the central action of the sentence. One of the three main parts of a sentence.   (linguistics)
Voice 
Of a verb, which participant in the action is the subject — whether the subject does the action, has the action done to it, or does it to itself.   (linguistics)