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This section covers advanced topics in phonetics (sounds) and phonology (systems of sounds).
What's in this section?
The parts of this section are:
- Common sounds: Technical details that weren't covered in the Intermediate section, about sounds that were covered — things like gemination, diphthongs, and suprasegmentals.
- Unusual sounds: Sounds that humans can produce, but that don't often occur in the world's languages, like clicks and pharyngeals.
- Non-human phonologies: What kinds of phonetics and phonology might apply to a language whose speakers aren't human.