Turkish/Pronunciation and Alphabet/İ-R

From Wikibooks, open books for an open world
Jump to: navigation, search
Pronunciation and Alphabet
← Previous: A-I İ-R Next: S-Z →

Know c, ç, ğ and ı off by heart? Good, now let's move on.

İ[edit]

/i/ About this sound Click for sound

This is the opposite of an I, it's an İ! The lower-case version is a dotted i, just like in English. It's pronounced like the ee in see, but shorter.

For example:

  • iyi /iˈji/
  • inanç /iˈnɑntʃ/
  • iğne /iːˈnɛ/

J[edit]

/ʒ/ About this sound Click for sound

Or je. Pronounced like the s in pleasure, but a more accurate equivalent of it would be the j in the French word, jour. This letter is used in Turkish words of foreign origin.

For example:

  • jeton - token
  • jilet - razor blade
  • jenerik - (film) credits

K[edit]

/k/ About this sound Click for sound
/c/ About this sound Click for sound

Or ke. Pronounced like the c in car generally before a, ı, o and u (back vowels). Before e, i, ö, ü (front vowels) like k in Kate. But of course there some exceptions. In some words of foreign origin, even if the letter comes before a, ı, o and u, it is pronounced like k in Kate. As you will see, Turkish has no Q, and therefore K is used instead of it.

For example:

L[edit]

/ɫ/ About this sound Click for sound
/l/ About this sound Click for sound

Or le. Pronounced l in let (clear l, About this sound listen ) before e, i, ö and ü. Before a, ı, o and u it is generally pronounced like l in luck (dark l, About this sound listen ). But of course there some exceptions as there are in the letter k. In some words of foreign origin, even if the letter comes before a, ı, o and u, it may be pronounced like l in let.

  • Did you know? In Turkish, words of Turkish origin do not start with the letter l. All words starting with l are of foreign origin.

For example:

  • lale (tulip) About this sound listen : This word is of Persian origin. Both ls in this word pronounced like l in let
  • kol (arm): l in this word is pronounced like l in luck.
  • lanet (curse): This word is of Arabic origin. L in this word pronounced like l in let.

M[edit]

/m/ About this sound Click for sound

Or me. Pronounced like the m in man.

For example:

  • masa - table
  • mutfak - kitchen
  • mektup - letter

N[edit]

/n/ About this sound Click for sound

Or ne. Pronounced like the n in now.

For example:

  • ne - what
  • nane - mint
  • namus - honour

O[edit]

/o/ About this sound Click for sound

Pronounced like the o in oh.

For example:

  • o - he/she/it
  • otobüs - bus
  • oda - room

Ö[edit]

/ø̞/ About this sound Click for sound

Pronounced like the eu in the French word seul, or the ö in the German word schön. There is no English equivalent, but the closest one I can think of is the i in bird. The exact pronunciation is made by shaping your lips to say o (as in organ), but saying e (as in bread) instead.

For example:

  • öğle - noon
  • öğretmen - teacher
  • ölçü - measurement

P[edit]

/p/ About this sound Click for sound

Or pe. Pronounced like the p in pet.

For example:

  • parça - piece
  • peynir - cheese
  • para - money

R[edit]

/ɾ/ About this sound Click for sound

Or re. If you're wondering, "Where's Q?", in Turkish there is no letter Q.

This one's simple, just pronounce it like the Spanish and the Italians do (roll the R), but a bit shorter.

For example:

  • rahat - peaceful
  • rakam - digit
  • rakı - Raki (yup, the alcoholic drink)

This time it might be a good idea to learn i, j, and ö off by heart.

← Previous: A-I İ-R Next: S-Z →
You can give your feedback about this page on the talk page.