Turkish/Loanwords

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Like every natural language Turkish has many loanwords. A good indicator of weather a word is original Turkish or a loanword is to look at the vowels in the word. If the word internally doesn't follow Vowel Harmony, you know it's probably a loan word. Also, if you find two vowels right next together within a word (impossible in standard Turkish) it's a loanword. This is one of the biggest problems Turkish speakers have with English. They can't figure out how to pronounce words that don't follow the rules they've been using their entire lives.

Arabic[edit]

Turkish has taken many words from Arabic (list nowhere near complete).

  • aile - عائلة - family
  • bina - بناء - building
  • beyaz - أبيض - white
  • cep - جيب - pocket
  • ceviz - جوز - walnut
  • din - دين - religion
  • hayat - حياة - life
  • insan - إنسان - human
  • kahve - قهوة - coffee
  • kalem - قلم - pen
  • kalp - قَلْب - heart
  • kırmızı - قِرْمِز - red
  • kitap - كتاب - book
  • mektup - مكتوب - letter
  • sabah - صباح - morning
  • sebep - سبب - reason
  • sel - سيل - flood
  • takvim - تقويم - calender
  • zaman - زمان - zaman
  • zeytin - زيتون - olive

French[edit]

  • kuaför - coiffeur - hairdresser
  • argo - argot - slang
  • randevu - rendez-vous - meeting
  • bisiklet - bicyclette - bicycle
  • asansör - ascenceur - elevator
  • pantolon - pantalon - trousers
  • kravat - cravate - tie (clothing)
  • lavabo - lavabo - washbasin
  • tuvalet - toilette - toilet
  • banliyö - "banlieue" - suburban (train)
  • mizanpaj - mise-en-page - layout
  • sütyen - soutien-gorge - bra
  • müzisyen - musicien - musician

Persian[edit]

  • ateş - آتش - fire
  • birader - برادر - brother
  • ciğer - جگر - lung, liver
  • çehre - چِهرِه - face
  • çift - جفت - pair, couple
  • diğer - دیگر - other
  • dut - توت - mulberry
  • dürbün - دوربین - binoculars
  • düşman - دشمن - enemy
  • gül - گل - rose
  • hane - خانِه - house; home
  • hastahane - خَستِه‌خانِه - hospital
  • hafta - هَفتِه - week
  • her - هَر - each
  • hiç - هیچ - ever/never, any
  • lacivert - لاجورد - navy blue
  • pencere - پنجره. - window
  • perşembe - پَنج‌شَنبِه - Thursday
  • sade - سادِه - plain
  • şah - شاه - king
  • şehzade - شاهزادِه - prince
  • şehir - شهر - city
  • siyah - سياه - black
  • taze - تازِه - fresh
  • zehir - زهر - poison

Words from Turkish[edit]

English, and many other languages, has taken some words from Turkish:

  • yogurt (yoğurt)
  • kebab or shish kebab (kebap or şiş kebap)
  • baklava (Baklava)
  • bergamot (bey armudu)
  • bulgur (bulgur)
  • caracal (karakulak)
  • dolman (dolaman)
  • gilet - jelick (yelek)
  • horde (ordu)
  • Janissary (yeniçeri)
  • kefir (kefir)
  • kielbasa (külbastı)
  • lackey (ulak)
  • latten (altın)
  • odalisque (odalık)
  • pierogi (börek)
  • sarma (sarma)
  • shabrack (çaprak)
  • turquoise (turkuaz)
  • Dolmetscher (dilmaç)
  • Богатыр (batur)
  • μπουζούκι (bozuk)
  • καΐκι (kayık)
  • κασέρι (kaşar)
  • pastramă (pastırma)
  • tiorba (torba)
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