Flora of New York/Vitales, Zygophyllales, Celastrales, Oxalidales

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Proteales, Buxales, Hamamelidales, Saxifragales
Flora of New York — Vitales, Zygophyllales, Celastrales, Oxalidales
Malpighiales (1)
Hypericaceae, Podostemaceae, Elatinaceae
Table of
contents
Genus
index
Protected species index Invasive species index


Order Vitales[edit]

The order Vitales contains the single family Vitaceae.[1]

Family Vitaceae[edit]

The Vitaceae (grape family)...[2]

  1. Vitales in P.F. Stevens (2001 onwards). Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. 15 July 2015.
  2. Vitaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.

Genus Ampelopsis[edit]

Vitaceaesubfam. Vitoideaegenus Ampelopsis
Ampelopsis Peppervine N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (Wall.) Momiy.
var. brevipedunculata (Maxim.) Momiy.

1859. Cissus brevipedunculata  Maxim.
1861. C. humulifolia var. brevipedunculata
1883. Ampelopsis brevipedunculata  Trautv.
1892. Vitis brevipedunculata  Dippel
1977. A. glandulosa var. brevipedunculata
1996. A. heterophylla var. brevipedunculata
Porcelainberry,
Amur pepper-vine
Introduced,
Highly invasive,
NYIS: 71%[1],
Prohibited[2],
NE-1[3]
Ampelopsis glandulosa var. heterophylla 0810.jpg
Ampelopsis brevipedunculata nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-X0
NEW 
ARS ITIS
Trop.


Images, wsp
Bunge

    
    
    
Monk's-hood-vine Introduced
Nymap.svg






Images, wsp

Genus Parthenocissus[edit]

Vitaceaesubfam. Vitoideaegenus Parthenocissus
Parthenocissus Creeper N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
(L.) Planch.

1753. Hedera quinquefolia  L.
1803. Ampelopsis quinquefolia  Michx.
1887. P. quinquefolia  Planch.
Virginia creeper,
Five-leaved ivy,
Five-finger

Vigne vierge à 5 folioles,
Parthénocisse à 5 folioles,
Vigne vierge vraie,
Vigne vierge grimpante
Native,
Secure,
CoC: 4

NWI: FACU

Perennial,
Vine
Virginia creeper Parthenocissus quinquifolia 169.JPG
Parthenocissus quinquefolia NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ARS 



Images, wsp
(A.Kern.) Fritsch

1887. Vitis inserta  A.Kern.
1893. Ampelopsis quinquefolia
   var.
vitacea Knerr
1894. Parthenocissus vitacea  Hitchc.
1922. Parthenocissus inserta  Fritsch
Woodbine,
Thicket Creeper,
False Virginia Creeper

Vigne vierge commune,
Vigne vierge
Native,
Secure,
CoC: 2

Perennial,
Vine
Parthenocissus vitacea, Jan Celliers Park.jpg
Parthenocissus inserta NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-N0
NEW Can
ARS ITIS



Images, wsp
(Siebold & Zucc.) Planch.

1845. Ampelopsis tricuspidata  S.& Z.
1868. A. veitchii  hort. nom. inval.
1887. P. tricuspidata  (S.& Z.) Planch.
Boston ivy,
Japanese creeper,
Japanese ivy,
Grape ivy

Vigne vierge tricuspidée,
Vigne vierge de Veitch,
Vigne-vierge du Japon
Introduced from
 temperate Asia,
Potentially invasive

Perennial,
Vine
Vigne sur un mur.jpg
Parthenocissus tricuspidata nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS ITIS



Images, wsp

Genus Vitis[edit]

Vitaceaesubfam. Vitoideaegenus Vitis
Vitis Grape N.Y. Status Images Distribution 11
 Michx.

1803. Vitis riparia  Michx.
1856. Vitis cordifolia var. riparia A.Gray
1949. Vitis vulpina ssp. riparia R.T.Clausen
Riverbank grape,
Frost grape

Vigne des rivages,
Raisin souvage,
Vigne souvage
Native,
Secure,
CoC: 3
Vitis riparia (USDA) 2-3.jpg
Vitis riparia NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS 
Trop.


Images, wsp
 Michx.
var. aestivalis

1803. Vitis aestivalis  Michx.
1934. Vitis smalliana  L.H.Bailey
1940. Vitis gigas  J.H.Fennel
1987. Vitis aestivalis var. smalliana
Summer grape,
Small grape,
Pigeon grape

Vigne d'été
Native,
Secure,
CoC: 4
Vitis aestivalis (USDA).jpg
Vitis aestivalis var aestivalis NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-N0
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.


Images, wsp
 Michx.
var. bicolor Deam

1820. Vitis bicolor  Raf.
1890. Vitis aestivalis var. bicolor A.Gray
1924. Vitis aestivalis var. bicolor Deam
Silverleaf grape,
Blue grape,
Summer grape
Native,
Unranked
Vitis aestivalis var bicolor drawing.png
Vitis aestivalis var bicolor NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-?
USDA-NN
NEW 
ARS ITIS
Trop.


Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Vitis labrusca  L.
1818. V. labrusca var. labruscoides Eaton
1830. V. labrusca var. alba Prince
1830. V. labrusca var. rosea Prince
1940. V. labrusca var. subedentata Fernald
Northern fox grape,
Fox grape,
Skunk grape,
Concord grape

Vigne lambruche,
Vigne américaine,
Vigne framboisier
Native,
Secure,
CoC: 6
Red Grape - Vitis labrusca - Kiszombor, Hungary.jpg
Vitis labrusca NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NX
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.


Images, wsp
 Fernald

Vitis labrusca ×
Vitis riparia
New England grape,
Pilgrim grape
Native,
Very vulnerable
Vitis × novae-angliae NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-2
USDA-N0





Images, wsp
Winter grape Native,
Endangered,
CoC: 5?
Vitis Vulpina leaf.jpg
Vitis vulpina NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-1
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
var. baileyana
Graybark grape Native,
Unranked
Vitis cinerea (USDA).jpg
Vitis cinerea var baileyana NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-?
USDA-N0





Images, wsp

Vitis lecontiana ×
Vitis vulpina
Slavin's grape Native,
Unranked
Vitis × slavinii NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-?





Images, wsp

     Vitis palmata
     Vitis rubra
Catbird grape,
Cat grape,
Missouri grape
Introduced,
US South native
Vitis palmata.jpg
Vitis palmata NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-N0
NEW 




Images, wsp
 L.
European grape,
Wine grape,
Vinifera grape

Vigne cultivée,
Vigne
Introduced from
 Eurasia
Grapes on a vine.jpg
Vitis vinifera NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp

Vitis labrusca ×
Vitis vinifera
Hybrid of
 Fox grape &
 Vinifera grape
Mixed,
Unranked
Loose bunch of Niagara grapes.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngGrenache grapes on the vine.jpg
Vitis × labruscana NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-?
USDA-





Images, wsp

Order Zygophyllales[edit]

The Zygophyllales contain the two families Krameriaceae and Zygophyllaceae according to A.P.G. III (2009).[1]

Family Zygophyllaceae[edit]

The Zygophyllaceae (family)...[2]

  1. Zygophyllales in P.F. Stevens (2001 onwards). Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. 15 July 2015.
  2. Zygophyllaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.

Subfamily Tribuloideae[edit]

Genus Tribulus[edit]
Zygophyllaceaesubfam. Tribuloideae
Tribulus Puncturevine N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.

1753. Tribulus terrestris  L.
    
    
Puncturevine,
Puncture-vine,
Caltrop,
Goathead,
Mexican sandbur,
Texas sandbur

Croix-de-Malte,
Tribule terrestre
Introduced,
Impersistent

Annual,
Herb-forb
Starr 030612-0063 Tribulus terrestris.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Xm
USDA-Xw
NEW Can
ARS ITIS

BNA 

Images, wsp

Subfamily Zygophylloideae[edit]

Genus Zygophyllum[edit]
Zygophyllaceaesubfam. Zygophylloideae
Zygophyllum Beancaper N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
Syrian beancaper Introduced,
Impersistent
Morsana-flor-2.JPG
NYFA-Xm
USDA-X0





Images, wsp

Order Celastrales[edit]

The order Celastrales ...

Family Celastraceae[edit]

The Celastraceae (staff-vine or bittersweet family) in New York contains the genera Euonymus (spindletree), Celastrus (bittersweet), as well as Parnassia (grass-of-Parnassus), which has also been included in the Saxifragaceae and Parnassiaceae.

Subfamily Parnassioideae[edit]

Genus Parnassia[edit]
Parnassiaceaesubfam. Parnassioideaegenus Parnassia
Parnassia Grass-of-Parnassus N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 Raf.

1803. P. caroliniana  Michx. misapplied
1813. Parnassia americana  Muhl.
1840. Parnassia glauca  Raf.
Fen grass of Parnassus,
American grass-of-parnassus,
Glaucous grass-of-Parnassus,
"Carolina" grass-of-Parnassus

Parnassie à feuilles glauques,
Parnassie glauque
Native,
Likely secure
Grass-of-Parnassus (Parnassia glauca) (9754071813).jpg
Parnassia glauca NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ITIS
Trop.
NSE BNA 

Images, wsp

Subfamily Celastroideae[edit]

Genus Euonymus[edit]

Of the six native and naturalized Euonymus species in New York, three are native, and three have been introduced and are considered to be invasive.[1]

The most common native Euonymus in New York is Euonymus atropurpureus (or eastern wahoo). It is sometimes confused with Euonymus europaeus (or European spindle tree). The two can be distinguished by several characteristics, including:

E. atropurpureus E. europaeus
Leaves: pubescent beneath or entirely glabrous glabrous above & beneath
Petals: wide, dark brown-purple narrow, light green-yellow-white
Inflorescence: umbels of 7-15 flowers umbels of 3-8 flowers
Capsule: pink to purple red to pink
Aril: scarlet orange
Seed brown white
Celastraceaesubfam. Celastroideaegenus Euonymus
EuonymusL.subg. Euonymussect. Euonymus Spindletree N.Y. Status Images Distribution 5
 Jacq.
var. atropurpureus

1772. Euonymus atropurpurea  orth. var.
1772. Euonymus atropurpureus  Jacq.
1941. Euonymus atropurpureus
   var.
cheatumii Lundell
Eastern wahoo,
Eastern spindle-tree,
Burning bush,
Bitter-ash

Fusain pourpre,
Fusain de l'Est
Native,
Likely secure,
CoC: 6

NWI: FAC-FACU

Perennial,
Tree, shrub
Euonymus atropurpureus 9962.jpg
Euonymus atropurpureus var atropurpureus nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS

BNA 

Images, wsp
 L.

Euonymus vulgaris Mill.
European spindletree

Fusain d'Europe,
Bonnet de prêtre
Introduced,
Moderately invasive,
NYIS: 60%[2],
CP-5[3]
Euonymus europaeus 9866-67 4x3.jpg
Euonymus europaeus nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW 




Images, wsp
EuonymusL.subg. Euonymussect. Echinococcus Spindletree N.Y. Status Images Distribution 5
 Nutt.
Running strawberry-bush Native,
Vulnerable,
CoC: 7
Euonymus obovatus EPA-1.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngEuonymus obovatus BB-1913.png
Euonymus obovatus nymap.svg
NYFA-3
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
Strawberry bush,
Bursting hearts,
Bursting heart
Native,
Endangered,
CoC: 7
Euonymus americanus 5.JPG
Euonymus americanus nymap.svg
NYFA-1
USDA-N0



NSE BNA 

Images, wsp
EuonymusL.subg. Euonymussect. Ilicifolia Spindletree N.Y. Status Images Distribution 5
(Turcz.) Hand.-Mazz.
var. radicans (Siebold ex Miq.) Rehder

1851. Eu. hederaceus
   Champ. ex Benth. p.p.

1863. Elaeodendron fortunei  Turcz. p.p.
1865. Eu. japonicus var. radicans
1867. Eu. radicans  Sieb. ex Miq.
1938. Eu. fortunei var. radicans Rehder
Climbing euonymus,
Winter creeper,
Evergreen bittersweet,
Climbing spindle-tree,
Fortune's euonymus

Fusain de Fortune,
Fusain rampant
Introduced,
Highly invasive,
NYIS: 78%[4],
Regulated[5],
CP-4[6]

Perennial,
Shrub, vine
Euonymus fortunei 1.JPG
Euonymus fortunei var radicans nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS ITIS



Images, wsp
EuonymusL.subg. Euonymussect. Melanocarya Spindletree N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (Thunb.) Siebold

1784. Celastrus alatus  Thunb.
1784. Celastrus striatus  Thunb.
1826. Euonymus subtriflorus  Blume
1826. Euonymus thunbergianus  Blume
1830. Euonymus alatus  Siebold
Burning bush,
Winged euonymus,
Winged burning bush,
Winged spindle tree

Fusain ailé
Introduced,
Very highly invasive,
NYIS: 81%[7],
Regulated[5],
CP-3[8]
Euonymus alatus ÖBG 09-07-16 02.jpg
Euonymus alatus nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS 
Trop.


Images, wsp
Genus Celastrus[edit]
Celastraceaesubfam. Celastroideaegenus Celastrus
Celastrus Bittersweet N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
 L.

1753. Celastrus scandens  L.
1794. Euonymoides scandens  Moench
1902. Euonymus scandens  E.H.L.Krause
American bittersweet,
Climbing bittersweet

Bourreau des arbres,
Célastre grimpant
Native,
Vulnerable
Celastrus scandens 27297.jpg
Celastrus scandens NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-3
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS 



Images, wsp
 Thunb.

1784. Celastrus orbiculatus  Thunb.
1784. Celastrus articulatus  Thunb.
Asian bittersweet,
Oriental bittersweet,
Oriental staff vine

Célastre asiatique
Introduced from
 temperate Asia,
Very highly invasive,
NYIS: 87%[1],
Prohibited[2],
CP-2[3] NE-1[4]
Celastrus orbiculatus 081202.JPG
Celastrus orbiculatus NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.


Images, wsp
 Loes.

1902. Celastrus gemmatus  Loes.
1912. Embelia esquirolii  H.Lév.
1935. Celastrus lokchongensis  Masam.
Shrub-bittersweet,
Chinese staff vine,
Chinese bittersweet
Introduced from
 temperate Asia
Celastrus gemmatus NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-00

ARS 
FoC Trop.


Images, wsp

Order Oxalidales[edit]

The order Oxalidales contains seven families, of which, only members of the Oxalidaceae have been discovered growing outside of cultivation in New York.

Family Oxalidaceae[edit]

The Oxalidaceae (woodsorrel family) has traditionally been included in the Geraniales, but is now included here with phylogenically similar Rosids.

Genus Oxalis[edit]

Oxalidaceaegenus Oxalissubg. Oxalis
Oxalissect. Oxalis Wood-sorrel N.Y. Status Images Distribution 6
 Raf.

1818. Oxalis montana  Raf.
1930. O. acetosella var. rhodantha
1958. O. acetosella ssp. montana
auct. O. acetosella  non L.
Mountain wood-sorrel,
White wood-sorrel,
Common wood-sorrel,
Northern wood-sorrel

Oxalide de montagne,
Oxalide des bois
Native,
Secure
Oxalis montana.jpg
Oxalis montana NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.
NSE BNA 
IPN
Images, wsp
Oxalissect. Corniculatae Yellow wood-sorrel N.Y. Status Images Distribution 6
 L.

1753. Oxalis stricta  L.
1854. Oxalis europaea  Jord.
1896. Oxalis cymosa  Small
1903. Xanthoxalis stricta  (L.) Small
1903. Xanthoxalis cymosa  (Small) Small
1943. Xanthoxalis europaea  Moldenke
Upright yellow wood-sorrel,
Common yellow wood-sorrel,
Common yellow oxalis,
European wood-sorrel,
Tall wood-sorrel

Oxalide d'Europe,
Oxalide dressée,
Oxalide stricte, Surette,
Pain d'oiseau, Oxalis droit
Native,
Secure
20140520Oxalis stricta1.jpg
Oxalis stricta NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NX
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.
BNA 

Images, wsp
 Jacq.

1794. Oxalis dillenii  Jacq.
1897. Oxalis corniculata var. dillenii
1925. Oxalis stricta var. piletocarpa
1972. Xanthoxalis dillenii  (Jacq.) Holub
Slender yellow wood-sorrel,
Dillen's wood-sorrel,
Sussex yellow sorrel

Oxalide de Dillenius
Native,
Secure
Oxalis dillenii BB-1913-1.png
Oxalis dillenii NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NX
NEW Can


BNA 

Images, wsp
 Salisb.

1796. Oxalis florida  Salisb.
1803. Oxalis prostrata  Haw.
1824. Oxalis dillenii var. florida
1825. Oxalis rupestris  Raf.
1897. Oxalis filipes  Small
1901. Oxalis brittoniae  Small
1903. Xanthoxalis brittoniae  Small
1903. Xanthoxalis filipes  Small
1943. Xanthoxalis florida  Moldenke
1963. Oxalis dillenii ssp. filipes
1964. Oxalis florida var. filipes
1964. Oxalis florida var. recurva
1979. Oxalis florida ssp. prostrata
Southern yellow wood-sorrel,
Flowering yellow wood-sorrel
Native,
Secure
Oxalis dillenii BB-1913-2.png
Oxalis florida NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NX
NEW Can-0



Note [1]
Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Oxalis corniculata  L.
1891. Acetosella corniculata  Kuntze
1903. Xanthoxalis corniculata  Small
Creeping wood-sorrel,
Creeping yellow wood-sorrel

Oxalide cornue,
Oxalis cornu
Introduced,
US South native,
(questionably)
Oxalis corniculata bloemen.jpg
Oxalis corniculata NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-NX
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.
BNA 

Images, wsp
Oxalissect. Ionoxalis Bulb-bearing wood-sorrel N.Y. Status Images Distribution 6
 L.

1753. Oxalis violacea  L.
1782. Sassia tinctoria  Molina
1891. Acetosella violacea  (L.) Kuntze
1903. Ionoxalis violacea  (L.) Small
1937. O. violacea var. trichophora
1943. I. violacea var. trichophora
1998. Sassia violacea  (L.) Holub
Violet wood-sorrel Native,
Threatened
Violet Wood-Sorrel - Oxalis violacea.JPG
Oxalis violacea NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-2-3
USDA-N-
NEW Can-0
ARS 
Trop.
BNA 

Images, wsp
  1. Nesom, Guy L. 2009. Again: taxonomy of yellow-flowered caulescent Oxalis (Oxalidaceae) in eastern North America. Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 3: 727–738.