Flora of New York/Salicaceae

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Malpighiales (2)
Violaceae
Flora of New York — Malpighiales (3) : Salicaceae
Malpighiales (4)
Euphorbiaceae
Table of
contents
Genus
index
Protected species index Invasive species index


Order Family Subfamily Tribe Genus Common names #
Malpighiales Hypericaceae Hypericeae Triadenum marsh St. John's wort 2
Hypericum St. John's wort 18
Podostemaceae Podostemoideae Podostemum river weed 1
Elatinaceae Elatine water wort 3
Violaceae Violoideae Violeae Hybanthus greenviolet 1
Viola violet 57
Salicaceae Salicoideae Populus cottonwood, aspen, poplar 11
Salix willow 36
Euphorbiaceae Acalyphoideae Acalypheae Acalypha copperleaf, three-seed mercury 4
Mercurialis herb mercury 1
Ricinus castor bean 1
Crotonoideae Crotoneae Croton rushfoil, hogwort 1
Euphorbioideae Euphorbieae Euphorbia spurge, sandmat 21
Linaceae Linoideae Lineae Linum flax 9

Family Salicaceae[edit]

The Salicaceae (willow family) in New York contains the two tree genera Populus and Salix. The classification of this family is based in part on Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2010), "Flora of North America: Magnoliophyta: Salicaceae to Brassicaceae", Oxford University Press.

Subfamily Salicoideae[edit]

Genus Populus[edit]

Populus sect. Populus[edit]
Malpighiales — Salicaceae — Salicoideae — Populus — sect. Populus
Populussect. Populus Aspen, poplar N.Y. Status Images Distribution 11
 Michx.

    Populus tremuloides Michx.
Quaking aspen,
Quaking poplar
N.Y. native,
Secure
Populus tremuloides 8163.jpg
Populus tremuloides NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ARS 




Images, wsp

    Populus grandidentata
Big-toothed aspen N.Y. native,
Secure
Large-toothed aspen leaf (Grasett Twp).JPG
Populus grandidentata NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5






Images, wsp
 B.Boivin

Populus grandidentata ×
Populus tremuloides

1966. Populus × smithii B.Boivin
1970. Populus × barnesii W.H.Wagner
Smith's aspen,
Smith's poplar,
Barnes' Aspen
N.Y. native,
Endangered
Big-Tooth-Aspen.png
Populus × smithii nymap.svg
NYFA-1?
USDA-NN
NEW 

FNA Trop.



Images, wsp
 L.

White poplar Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa,
Potentially invasive,
CP-5[1]
Populus alba leaf.jpg
Populus alba NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX






Images, wsp

Populus alba ×
Populus tremula

Gray poplar Introduced Populus × canescens (fall foliage).jpg
Populus × canescens NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X






Images, wsp

Populus alba ×
Populus grandidentata

Hybrid poplar Introduced
Nymap.svg







Images, wsp
 B.Boivin

Populus alba ×
Populus tremuloides

1966. Populus × heimburgeri B.Boivin
    
    
    
Heimburger's poplar Introduced,
No specimens
Nymap.svg





IPN 

Images, wsp
  1. Appendix 5. Plant species of concern (Watch List) within the central Finger Lakes region. Policy on the use of non-native plants in Cornell Plantations' accessioned collections (2009)
Populus sect. Aigeiros[edit]
Malpighiales — Salicaceae — Salicoideae — Populus — sect. Aigeiros
Populussect. Aigeiros Cottonwood, poplar N.Y. Status Images Distribution 11
W.Bartram ex Marshall
ssp. deltoides

    Populus deltoides
    P. deltoides
Eastern cottonwwood,
Necklace poplar
N.Y. native,
NYS CoC: 2,
Secure

FAC

Perennial,
Tree
Populus deltoides NRCS-1.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN [1]
NEW 





Images, wsp
W.Bartram ex Marshall
ssp. monilifera (Aiton) Eckenwalder

    P. deltoides ssp. monilifera
    P. deltoides var. occidentalis
    P. sargentii Dode
Plains cottonwwood N.Y. native,
NYS CoC: 2,
Unranked

FAC

Perennial,
Tree
Populus deltoides SCA-03469.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-
USDA-NN
NEW 





Images, wsp

Black cottonwood,
Black poplar,
Lombardy poplar
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa
Populus nigra (4999110694).jpg
Populus nigra NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW 
ARS 




Images, wsp

Populus deltoides ×
Populus nigra

Carolina poplar,
Canadian poplar
Introduced,
N. America native
Populus, Melampsora larici-populina teleutosori.jpg
Populus × canadensis NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
Populus sect. Tacamahaca[edit]
Malpighiales — Salicaceae — Salicoideae — Populus — sect. Tacamahaca
Populussect. Tacamahaca Poplar, Cottonwood N.Y. Status Images Distribution 11
 L.

1753. Populus balsamifera L.
1768. Populus tacamahacca Mill.
1789. Populus candicans Aiton
1905. Populus michauxii Dode
Balsam poplar N.Y. native,
Likely secure
Populus balsamifera (5002984834).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS 
FNA 



Images, wsp
 Sarg.

Populus balsamifera ×
Populus deltoides

Balm-of-Gilead,
Jack's popular
Introduced,
N. America native
Populus × jackii NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-NX
NEW 
ARS 




Images, wsp
Populus sect. Leucoides[edit]
Malpighiales — Salicaceae — Salicoideae — Populus — sect. Leucoides
Populussect. Leucoides Poplar, Cottonwood N.Y. Status Images Distribution 11

Swamp cottonwood N.Y. native,
Threatened
Populus heterophylla seeds.jpg
Populus heterophylla NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-2






Images, wsp

Genus Salix[edit]

The genus Salix contains the trees and shrubs known as willows, of which about 36 native or naturalized taxa have been discovered in New York. The organization used here is based in part on George W. Argus (1999) "Classification of Salix in the New World" and Flora of North America, Vol. 7, Salicaceae.

Salix subg. Protitea[edit]
Salix subg. Protitea sect. Humboldtianae[edit]

Salix subg. Protitea sect. Humboldtianae includes the six North American willow species: S. amigdaloides, S. bonplandiana, S. caroliniana, S. gooddingii, S. laevigata, and S. nigra.[1] Of these, S. nigra (black willow) and S. amygdaloides (peach-leaved willow) grow in New York.

Malpighiales — Salicaceae — Salicoideae — Salix — subg. Protitea — sect. Humboldtianae
Salixsubg. Protiteasect. Humboldtianae Willow N.Y. Status Images Distribution 36
Marshall

1785. S. nigra Marshall
1847. S. nigra var. falcata
1918. S. nigra var. lindheimeri
Black willow N.Y. native,
Secure
2013-05-04 15 59 14 Black Willow catkins along Colonial Lake in Colonial Lake Park in Lawrence, New Jersey.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.



Images, wsp
Andersson

1838. Amerina missurica Raf.
1858. S. amygdaloides Andersson
1868. S. nigra var. amygdaloides
1996. Pleiarina amygdaloides
(Andersson) N.Chao & G.T.Gong
Peach-leaved willow N.Y. native,
Likely secure
Salix amygdaloides NRCS-3.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.



Images, wsp
Salix subg. Longifoliae[edit]

The North American willows in Salix subg. Longifoliae are S. columbiana, S. exigua, S. interior, S. melanopsis, S. sessilifolia, S. taxifolia, and S. thurberi. Only S. interior is currently listed as being part of the New York flora.

The New York Flora Atlas follows Flora of North America in treating the native sandbar willow, S. interior as a separate species from S. exigua, and not just a subspecies.

Malpighiales — Salicaceae — Salicoideae — Salix — subg. Longifoliae
Salixsubg. Longifoliae Willow N.Y. Status Images Distribution 36
 Rowlee

1803. S. longifolia Muhl. (i)
1823. S. rubra Richardson (i)
1900. S. interior Rowlee
1901. S. linearifolia Rydb.
1964. S. exigua ssp. interior
Sandbar willow N.Y. native,
Secure
Salix interior NRCS-4.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW 
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.



Images, wsp
Salixsubg. Longifoliae (excluded taxa) Willow N.Y. Status Images Distribution X
Nutt.

1842. S. exigua Nutt.
1858. S. longifolia var. angustissima
1879. S. longifolia var. exigua
1896. S. fluviatilis var. exigua
1934. S. interior var. angustissima
Narrowleaf willow,
Coyote willow,
Sandbar willow
N. America native
 western N. America,
N.Y. excluded
Salix exigua 8.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-XCLD
USDA-NN


FNA Trop.



Images, wsp
Rowlee

1900. Salix thurberi Rowlee
    
    
Thurber’s willow N. America native,
N.Y. excluded
Nymap.svg
NYFA-XCLD
USDA-NN


FNA 



Images, wsp
Salix subg. Chamaetia[edit]
Salix subg. Chamaetia sect. Myrtilloides[edit]

Salix subg. Chamaetia sect. Myrtilloides includes the North American willows: S. athabascensis, S. chlorolepis, S. pedicellaris, and S. raupii.[1] Of these, only S. pedicellaris (bog willow) grows outside of cultivation in New York State.

Malpighiales — Salicaceae — Salicoideae — Salix — subg. Chamaetia — sect. Myrtilloides
Salixsubg. Chamaetiasect. Myrtilloides Willow N.Y. Status Images Distribution 36
 Pursh

1814. S. pedicellaris Pursh
1838. Usionis pedicillaris ( Pursh ) Raf.
1868. S. myrtilloides var. pedicellaris
1907. S. fuscescens var. hebecarpa
1909. S. pedicellaris var. hypoglauca
1909. S. pedicellaris var. tenuescens
1913. S. myrtilloides var. hypoglauca
1923. S. dieckiana Suksd.
1924. S. hebecarpa (Fernald) Fernald
Bog willow N.Y. native,
NYS CoC: 10,
Secure

OBL

Perennial,
Shrub,
Sun
Salix pedicellaris 5497216.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.

IPN LBJ

Images, wsp
Salix subg. Chamaetia sect. Myrtosalix[edit]

Five species from Salix subg. Chamaetia sect. Myrtosalix occur in the North American flora, including: S. arctophila, S. chamissonis, S. fuscescens, S. phlebophylla, and S. uva-ursi.[1] Of these, only S. uva-ursi (bearberry willow) is known to grow outside of cultivation in New York. It is found in alpine meadows on the high peaks of the Adirondacks in Essex County, and it is considered to be threatened.

Malpighiales — Salicaceae — Salicoideae — Salix — subg. Chamaetia — sect. Myrtosalix
Salixsubg. Chamaetiasect. Myrtosalix Willow N.Y. Status Images Distribution 36
 Pursh

1813. S. uva-ursi Pursh
1843. S. cutleri Tuck.
1858. S. arbuscula var. labradorica
1868. S. cutleri var. labradorica
1884. S. ivigtutiana Lundstr. ex Berl.
    S. myrsinites var. parvifolia
Bearberry willow
Saule raisin-d'ours
N.Y. native,
NYS CoC: 10,
Threatened
Salix uva-ursi.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-2
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.

IPN 

Images, wsp
Salix subg. Chamaetia sect. Herbella[edit]

The four North American willow species in Salix subg. Chamaetia sect. Herbella are: S. herbacea, S. nummularia, S. polaris, and S. rotundifolia.[1] Of these, only S. herbacea (snow-bed willow is found in New York. However, it is restricted to the high peaks of the Adirondacks in Essex County, and is considered endangered.

Malpighiales — Salicaceae — Salicoideae — Salix — subg. Chamaetia — sect. Herbella
Salixsubg. Chamaetiasect. Herbella Willow N.Y. Status Images Distribution 36
 L.

Snowbed willow,
Dwarf willow,
New England dwarf willow
N.Y. native,
NYS CoC: 10,
Endangered,
NYNHP: 1[2]
Salix herbacea female fruits2.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1
USDA-NN

ARS 
FNA 



Images, wsp
Salix subg. Vetrix[edit]
Salix subg. Vetrix sect. Fulvae[edit]
Malpighiales — Salicaceae — Salicoideae — Salix — subg. Vetrix — sect. Fulvae
Salixsubg. Vetrixsect. Fulvae Willow N.Y. Status Images Distribution 36
 Sarg.

1823. Salix rostrata Richardson illeg.
1895. Salix bebbiana Sarg.
1901. Salix perrostrata Rydb.
Bebb willow,
Bebb's willow,
Beak willow,
Long beak willow,
Gray willow
N.Y. native,
NYS CoC: 3,
Secure

FACW

Perennial,
Tree-shrub
Salix bebbiana (7894226364).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW 
ARS 
FNA 
BNA


Images, wsp
Salix subg. Vetrix sect. Candidae[edit]
Malpighiales — Salicaceae — Salicoideae — Salix — subg. Vetrix — sect. Candidae
Salixsubg. Vetrixsect. Candidae Willow N.Y. Status Images Distribution 36
 Flüggé ex Willd.

1806. Salix candida Flüggé ex Willd.
1868. Salix candida var. denudata Andersson
1914. Salix candidula Nieuwl.
Sage willow,
Sage-leaf willow,
Hoary willow,
Silver willow
N.Y. native,
NYS CoC: 10,
Secure

OBL

Perennial,
Shrub,
Sun - part shade
Weide (Salix candida) 5829.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW 
ARS 
FNA Trop.
NSE BNA
IPN LBJ

Images, wsp
Salix subg. Vetrix sect. Cordatae[edit]
Malpighiales — Salicaceae — Salicoideae — Salix — subg. Vetrix — sect. Cordatae
Salixsubg. Vetrixsect. Cordatae Willow N.Y. Status Images Distribution 36
 Michx. (1803)
ssp. eriocephala
var. eriocephala

Salix cordata Muhl. (1803)
Missouri willow,
Missouri river willow,
Diamond willow,
Heart-leaved willow
N.Y. native,
Secure
Salix eriocephala var. watsonii (4996656547).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ARS ITIS
FNA 



Images, wsp
Salix subg. Vetrix sect. Geyerianae[edit]

The three North America willows in sect. Geyerianae are S. geyeriana, S. lemmonii, and S. petiolaris. Of these, only S. petiolaris, the meadow willow or slender willow, is found in New York.

Malpighiales — Salicaceae — Salicoideae — Salix — subg. Vetrix — sect. Geyerianae
Salixsubg. Vetrixsect. Geyerianae Willow N.Y. Status Images Distribution 36
 Sm.

1802. S. petiolaris Sm.
    S. gracilis
    S. subsericea
Meadow willow,
Slender willow
N.Y. native,
Secure
Salix petiolaris BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
Salix subg. Vetrix sect. Griseae[edit]

Silky willow (Salix sericea) is the sole member of sect. Griseae.

Malpighiales — Salicaceae — Salicoideae — Salix — subg. Vetrix — sect. Griseae
Salixsubg. Vetrixsect. Griseae Willow N.Y. Status Images Distribution 36
 Marshall

1785. Salix sericea Marshall
    Salix coactilis Fernald
    Salix petiolaris var. sericea
Silky willow N.Y. native,
Secure
Salix sericea NRCS-1.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ARS 
FNA 



Images, wsp
Salix subg. Vetrix sect. Hastatae[edit]

The North American members of Salix subg. Vetrix sect. Hastatae include the 17 species: Salix arizonica, S. ballii, S. barclayi, S. boothii, S. commutata, S. cordata, S. eastwoodiae, S. farriae, S. hastata, S. monticola, S. myricoides, S. myrtillifolia, S. orestera, S. pseudomonticola, S. pseudomyrsinites, S. pyrifolia, and S. wolfii.[1] Of these, only the two rare species S. pyrifolia (balsam willow) and S. cordata (sand dune willow) occur outside of cultivation in New York State.

Malpighiales — Salicaceae — Salicoideae — Salix — subg. Vetrix — sect. Hastatae
Salixsubg. Vetrixsect. Hastatae Willow N.Y. Status Images Distribution 36
Andersson

1838. S. cordata var. balsamifera
1858. S. balsamifera
(Hook.) Barratt ex Andersson
1867. S. pyrifolia Andersson
1914. S. pyrifolia var. lanceolata
Balsam willow,
Pear-leaved willow
Saule baumier,
Saule à feuilles de poirier
N.Y. native,
NYS CoC: 7,
Rare
Salix pyrifolia BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-3
USDA-NN
Can
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.



Images, wsp
 Michx.

1803. S. cordata Michx.
1838. S. adenophylla Hook.
1907. S. syrticola Fernald
Sand dune willow,
Heartleaf willow,
Furry willow
N.Y. native,
NYS CoC: 10,
Threatened
Salix Cordata-Weldy.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-2
USDA-NN

ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.



Images, wsp
Salixsubg. Vetrixsect. Hastatae (excluded taxa) Willow N.Y. Status Images Distribution X
Muhl.

1803. S. myricoides Muhl.
1914. S. glaucophylloides Fernald
1920. S. glaucophylloides
var. glaucophylla
Bayberry willow,
Blue-leaf willow,
Broadleaf willow
N. America native,
N.Y. excluded

FACW

Perennial,
Shrub, tree
Salix myricoides as S. glaucophylla BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-XCLD
USDA-NN
NEW 
ARS 
Trop.



Images, wsp
Salix subg. Vetrix sect. Cinerella[edit]
Malpighiales — Salicaceae — Salicoideae — Salix — subg. Vetrix — sect. Cinerella
Salixsubg. Vetrixsect. Cinerella Willow N.Y. Status Images Distribution 36
 Muhl. (1803)

1803. Salix discolor Muhl.
1813. Salix fuscata Pursh
1813. Salix prinoides Pursh
1840. Salix crassa Barratt
1840. Salix sensitiva Barratt
1867. Salix discolor var. rigidior
1868. Salix discolor var. prinoides
1901. Salix squamata Rydb.
1924. Salix discolor var. overi
1829. Salix conformis J.Forbes
1933. Salix ancorifera Fernald
Pussy willow
Large pussy willow
American willow
American pussy willow
Glaucous willow
N.Y. native,
Secure

FACW
Salix discolor(01).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ARS 
Trop.



Images, wsp
 Marshall (1785)
var. humilis

Prairie willow,
Tall prairie willow,
Upland willow
N.Y. native,
Secure
Salix humilis NRCS-2.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ARS 
FNA 



Images, wsp
 Marshall (1785)
var. tristis

Salix tristis
Dwarf prairie willow N.Y. native,
Vulnerable
Salix humilis var tristis BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-3-4
USDA-N0

ARS 
FNA 



Images, wsp
 L. (1753)

Goat willow,
Pussy willow,
Hoary willow,
Great sallow
Introduced from
 Eurasia
Biene Weide.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS 
FNA 



Images, wsp
 L. (1753)

European gray willow,
Large gray willow,
Pussy willow,
Common sallow,
Saule cendré
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Invasive
Salix cinerea flowers-4.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS 
FNA 



Images, wsp
 Brotero (1804)

    Salix cinerea ssp. atrocinerea
    Salix cinerea ssp. oleifolia
    Salix oleifolia
Rusty willow,
Rusty sallow,
Large gray willow
Introduced from
 Europe, Africa,
Invasive
Salix.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS 




Images, wsp
Salix subg. Vetrix sect. Helix[edit]
Malpighiales — Salicaceae — Salicoideae — Salix — subg. Vetrix — sect. Helix
Salixsubg. Vetrixsect. Helix Willow N.Y. Status Images Distribution 36
 L.

1753. S. purpurea L.
1893. S. purpurea
var. scharfenbergensis
1899. S. purpurea var. nana
1941. S. caesifolia Drobow
Basket willow
Purple willow
Purple osier
Purpleosier willow
Streamco Willow

Osier rouge
Saule pourpre
Introduced,
Naturalized,
Of concern,
CP-5[1]

FACW

Perennial,
Shrub, tree
Salix purpurea 001.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW 
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.



Images, wsp
  1. Appendix 5. Plant species of concern (Watch List) within the central Finger Lakes region. Policy on the use of non-native plants in Cornell Plantations' accessioned collections (2009)
Salix subg. Vetrix sect. Phylicifoliae[edit]

Salix subg. Vetrix sect. Phylicifoliae contains about species globally and the following five willows in North America: S. drummondiana, S. pellita, S. planifolia, S. pulchra, and S. tyrrellii. None of these are known to be found in the wild in New York, although S. pellita has in the past been listed as part of the New York flora.

Malpighiales — Salicaceae — Salicoideae — Salix — subg. Vetrix — sect. Phylicifoliae
Salixsubg. Vetrixsect. Phylicifoliae (excluded taxa) Willow N.Y. Status Images Distribution X
(Andersson) Bebb

1867. S. chlorophylla *pellita
Andersson (i)
1891. S. pellita
(Andersson) Bebb
    
Satiny willow,
Silky willow,
Thick-leaved willow
Saule satiné
N. America native
 northeast N. America,
N.Y. excluded

FACW

Perennial,
Shrub, tree
Salix pellita BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-XCLD
USDA-NN
Can
ARS 
FNA Trop.

IPN 

Images, wsp
Salix subg. Vetrix sect. Viminella[edit]

With about 10 species worldwide, only one species of Salix subg. Vetrix sect. Viminella has been found to have natualized in North America, but that species, S. viminalis, is no longer considered to be part of the New York State flora.

Malpighiales — Salicaceae — Salicoideae — Salix — subg. Vetrix — sect. Viminella
Salixsubg. Vetrixsect. Viminella (excluded taxa) Willow N.Y. Status Images Distribution X
 L.

1753. S. viminalis L.
    
    
Silky osier,
Osier,
Basket willow
Introduced,
N.Y. excluded,
NYMF[1]
Salix viminalis 012.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-XCLD
USDA-XX


FNA 


BBG 
Images, wsp
Salix subg. Vetrix intersectional hybrids[edit]
Malpighiales — Salicaceae — Salicoideae — Salix — subg. Vetrix
Salixsubg. Vetrix intersectional hybrids Willow N.Y. Status Images Distribution X
Salix eriocephala × sericea

    Salix cordata × sericea
    Salix rigida × sericea
    Salix × bebbii nom. inval.
Hybrid of
 Missouri willow &
 silky willow
N.Y. native,
Secure
Ny hybrid.svg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5






Images, wsp
Salix petiolaris × sericea

Hybrid of
 meadow willow &
 silky willow
N.Y. native,
Unranked
Ny hybrid.svg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-U






Images, wsp
Salix candida × petiolaris

Hybrid of
 sage willow &
 meadow willow
N.Y. native,
Unranked
Ny hybrid.svg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-U






Images, wsp
Salix eriocephala × petiolaris

Salix petiolaris × rigida
Hybrid of
 Missouri willow &
 meadow willow
N.Y. native,
Unranked
Ny hybrid.svg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-U






Images, wsp
Salixsubg. Vetrix intersectional hybrids
(excluded taxa)
Willow N.Y. Status Images Distribution X
Salix discolor × eriocephala

Salix discolor ×
Salix eriocephala

    
Hybrid of
 pussy willow &
 Missouri willow
N. America native,
N.Y. excluded
Ny hybrid.svg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-XCLD






Images, wsp
Salix subg. Salix[edit]
Salix subg. Salix sect. Salicaster[edit]

Salix subg. Salix sect. Salicaster contains about nine species worldwide with four of those (S. lasiandra, S. lucida, S. pentandra, and S. serissima) found in North America.[1] Of those, S. lucida (shining willow) and S. serissima (Autumn willow) are native to New York. Reports of the Eurasian S. pentandra (laurel willow) in New York are now considered to be S.×meyeriana (S. euxina × S. pentandra), Meyer's willow.[2]

Malpighiales — Salicaceae — Salicoideae — Salix — subg. Salix — sect. Salicaster
Salixsubg. Salixsect. Salicaster Willow N.Y. Status Images Distribution 36
 Muhl. (1803)
ssp. lucida

    Pleiarina lucida
Shining willow,
Glossy willow
N.Y. native,
Secure
Salix lucida(01).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW 
ARS ITIS
FNA 



Images, wsp
(L.H.Bailey) Fernald (1903)

    Salix lucida var. serissima
    Salix arguta var. alpigena
    Salix arguta var. pallescens
Autumn willow N.Y. native,
Secure
Salix serissima BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW 
ARS ITIS
FNA 



Images, wsp
Salixsubg. Salixsect. Salicaster (excluded taxa) Willow N.Y. Status Images Distribution X
 L.

1753. S. pentandra L.
1996. Pleiarina pentandra
(L.) N.Chao & G.T.Gong
    
Laurel willow,
Laurel-leaved willow,
Bay-leaf willow,
Bay willow
Saule laurier,
Saule à cinq étamines
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
N.Y. excluded,
Missapplied to
S.×meyeriana
Pod lipskiem liście krzewu do ident. 17.07.09 pl6.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-XCLD
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.


BBG 
Images, wsp
Salix subg. Salix sect. Salix[edit]

Of the approximately eight species of the Eurasian sect. Salix, only S. alba (white willow) and S. exina (crack willow), along with their hybrid (S. × fragilis) are known to naturalize in North America. Of these, only S. alba and S. × fragilis are known to naturalize in New York.

Malpighiales — Salicaceae — Salicoideae — Salix — subg. Salix — sect. Salix
Salixsubg. Salixsect. Salix Willow N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 L.

    Salix alba L.
White willow Introduced 20150423Salix alba3.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
NEW 





Images, wsp
 L.

Salix alba ×
Salix euxina

1753. Salix fragilis L.
1789. Salix × rubens Schrank
1791. Salix decipiens Hoffm.
1828. Salix excelsior Host
1837. Salix fragilis var. decipiens
Hybrid crack willow,
Brittle willow,
Saule cassant
Introduced Salix fragilis.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX






Images, wsp
Salixsubg. Salixsect. Salix (excluded taxa) Willow N.Y. Status Images Distribution X
I.V.Belyaeva

    
Crack willow,
Brittle willow
Introduced,
N.Y. excluded
Salix euxina - Sturm 1796.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-XCLD
USDA-0X






Images, wsp
Salix subg. Salix sect. Subalbae[edit]
Malpighiales — Salicaceae — Salicoideae — Salix — subg. Salix — sect. Subalbae
Salixsubg. Salixsect. Subalbae Willow N.Y. Status Images Distribution 36
 Koidz.

    S. babylonica var. pekinensis
1915. S. matsudana Koidz.
Corkscrew willow,
Peking willow,
Tortured willow
Introduced,
Impersistent,
Asia native[1]
Salix matsudana SCA-03467.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Xm
USDA-X

ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
Salixsubg. Salixsect. Subalbae (excluded taxa) Willow N.Y. Status Images Distribution X
L.

1753. Salix babylonica L.
Weeping willow,
Babylon weeping willow
Introduced,
N.Y. excluded
Sauce Llorón, valle del Chubut 02.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-XCLD
USDA-X0
NEW-0
ARS 




Images, wsp
  1. Salix matsudana is used for ornament and restoration. Naturalizing status in New York is questionable.
Salix subg. Salix inter-sectional hybrids[edit]
Malpighiales — Salicaceae — Salicoideae — Salix — subg. Salix
Salixsubg. Salixsect. Salix × Subalbae Willow N.Y. Status Images Distribution 36
 Wender. (1831)

Salix babylonica ×
Salix euxina

 auct. Salix babylonicanon L.
    Salix elegantissima K.Koch
    Salix × blanda Anderss. (i)
Wisconsin weeping willow,
Weeping crack willow
Introduced Salix × pendulina BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS ITIS
FNA 



Images, wsp
 Simonkai

Salix alba ×
Salix babylonica

    
    
    
Weeping willow Introduced Salix sepulcralis chrysocoma 0.8 R.jpg
Nymap.svg







Images, wsp
Salixsubg. Salixsect. Salicaster × Salix Willow N.Y. Status Images Distribution 36
 Fernald

Salix alba ×
Salix lucida

 auct. Salix × ehrhartiana
Hybrid of
 white willow &
 shining willow
Introduced Salix alba - female inflorescences.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X

ITIS
FNA 



Images, wsp
 Rostk. ex Willd.

Salix euxina ×
Salix pentandra

    
Meyer's willow,
Shiny-leaf willow
Introduced from
 Europe
Salix × meyeriana AFB-1300.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW 
ARS 




Images, wsp
Salix inter-subg. hybrids[edit]
Malpighiales — Salicaceae — Salicoideae — Salix
Salix inter-subg. hybrids (excluded taxa) Willow N.Y. Status Images Distribution 36
Salix nigra × petiolaris

    
    
    
N. America native,
N.Y. excluded
Ny hybrid.svg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-XCLD






Images, wsp
Salix eriocephala × nigra

    
    
    
N. America native,
N.Y. excluded
Ny hybrid.svg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-XCLD






Images, wsp

References[edit]