Flora of New York/Euphorbiaceae, Linaceae

From Wikibooks, open books for an open world
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Malpighiales (3)
Salicaceae
Flora of New York — Malpighiales (4) : Euphorbiaceae, Linaceae
Fabales
Table of
contents
Genus
index
Protected species index Invasive species index


Order Family Subfamily Tribe Genus Common names #
Malpighiales Hypericaceae Hypericeae Triadenum marsh St. John's wort 2
Hypericum St. John's wort 18
Podostemaceae Podostemoideae Podostemum river weed 1
Elatinaceae Elatine water wort 3
Violaceae Violoideae Violeae Hybanthus greenviolet 1
Viola violet 57
Salicaceae Salicoideae Populus cottonwood, aspen, poplar 11
Salix willow 36
Euphorbiaceae Acalyphoideae Acalypheae Acalypha copperleaf, three-seed mercury 4
Mercurialis herb mercury 1
Ricinus castor bean 1
Crotonoideae Crotoneae Croton rushfoil, hogwort 1
Euphorbioideae Euphorbieae Euphorbia spurge, sandmat 21
Linaceae Linoideae Lineae Linum flax 9

Family Euphorbiaceae[edit]

The Euphorbiaceae (spurge family) ...

Subfamily Acalyphoideae[edit]

Tribe Acalypheae[edit]

Acalypha[edit]
Malpighiales — Euphorbiaceae — Acalyphoideae — Acalypheae — Acalypha
Acalypha Copperleaf N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
 Raf.

1836. Acalypha rhomboidea Raf.
1984. A. virginica var. rhomboidea
Common copperleaf,
Common threeseed mercury,
Rhombic copperleaf,
Rhombic threeseed mercury,
Virginia threeseed mercury
Native, C:0,
Secure

FACU

Annual,
Herb-forb
Acalypha rhomboidea 001 4x3.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW 
ARS 
Trop.



Images, wsp
 A.Gray

1848. Acalypha gracilens A.Gray
1853. A. virginica var. gracilens
Slender threeseed mercury,
Slender copperleaf
Native, C:6,
Likely secure

FAC-FACU

Annual,
Herb-forb
Acalypha gracilens 1120001.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-N0
NEW 
ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Acalypha virginica L.
1817. Acalypha digyneia Raf.
1853. A. virginica var. virginica
1891. Ricinocarpus virginicus Kuntze
Virginia three-seeded mercury,
Three-seeded mercury,
Virginia copperleaf,
Virginia mercury
Native, C:10,
Endangered,
DEC-A[1]

FACU

Annual,
Herb-forb
Acalypha virginica 1391233.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1
USDA-N
NEW 
ARS ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Acalypha australis L.
Asian three-seeded-mercury,
Asian copperleaf,
Australian acalypha
Introduced from
 Asia

Annual,
Herb-forb
Acalypha australis 3.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-X0

ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
Ricinus[edit]
Malpighiales — Euphorbiaceae — Acalyphoideae — Acalypheae — Ricinus
Ricinus Ricinus N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
 L.

1753. Ricinus communis L.
Castor-bean,
Castor bean,
Castorbean,
Castor-oil plant
Introduced,
Impersistent,
Not naturalized

Perennial,
Shrub
Ricinus communis 002.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-X0
NEW 
ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
Mercurialis[edit]
Malpighiales — Euphorbiaceae — Acalyphoideae — Acalypheae — Mercurialis
Mercurialis Mercurialis N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
 L.

1753. Mercurialis annua L.
Herb-mercury
Herb mercury
Annual mercury
Boys-and-girls
French mercury
Introduced,
Impersistent
20140216Mercurialis annua Reilingen2.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS 




Images, wsp

Subfamily Crotonoideae[edit]

Tribe Crotoneae[edit]

Croton[edit]
Malpighiales — Euphorbiaceae — Crotonoideae — Crotoneae — Croton
Croton Rushfoil N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
 Michx.
var. capitatus

Woolly croton
Hogwort
Introduced,
Not naturalized
Croton capitatus.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-NX






Images, wsp

Subfamily Euphorbioideae[edit]

Tribe Euphorbieae[edit]

Euphorbia[edit]

Two subgenera of Euphorbia (commonly known as spurge) can be found in New York.

Euphorbia subg. Chamaesyce[edit]
Subgenus Chamaesyce contains North American spurges or "sandmats", many of which are treated in a separate Chamaesyce genus by some sources. Recent phylogenic studies, however, have shown the Chamaesyce genus to be embedded within Euphorbia.[1]
  1. The New York Flora Atlas states: "Steinmann and Porter (2002) provide strong evidence that the segregate genus Chamaesyce is nested within Euphorbia. Therefore we recognize Euphorbia in a broad sense including Chamaesyce."
Euphorbia subg. Chamaesyce sect. Alectoroctonum[edit]
Malpighiales — Euphorbiaceae — Euphorbioideae — Euphorbieae — Euphorbiineae — Euphorbia subg. Chamaesyce
Euphorbiasubg. Chamaesycesect. Alectoroctonum Spurge N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
 L.

    Euphorbia marilandica
    Tithymalopsis corollata
    Tithymalopsis marilandica
    Tithymalopsis olivacea
Flowering spurge
American spurge
Blooming spurge
Poison-milkweed

Euphorbe pétaloïde
Native, C:3,
Secure

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Euphorbia corollata.jpg
Euphorbia corollata NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS 
Trop.



Images, wsp
 L.

    Euphorbia arundelana
    Tithymalopsis arundelana
    Tithymalopsis ipecacuanhae
Ipecac spurge
American ipecac
Carolina ipecac
Wild ipecac

Native,
Endangered
American medicinal plants; an illustrated and descriptive guide to the American plants used as homopathic remedies- their history, preparation, chemistry and physiological effects (1887) (18157068335).jpg
Euphorbia ipecacuanhae NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-1
USDA-N0
NEW 
ARS 




Images, wsp
 Pursh

Snow-on-the-mountain Introduced,
N. America native
Euphorbia marginata, 2015-07-22, Beechview, 02.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-NX






Images, wsp
Euphorbia subg. Chamaesyce sect. Anisophyllum[edit]
Malpighiales — Euphorbiaceae — Euphorbioideae — Euphorbieae — Euphorbiineae — Euphorbia subg. Chamaesyce
Euphorbiasubg. Chamaesycesect. Anisophyllum Spurge N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
 L.

    Chamaesyce maculata
    Chamaesyce mathewsii
    Chamaesyce supina
    Chamaesyce tracyi
Spotted sandmat,
Spotted spurge
Native,
Secure
Starr 080604-6065 Chamaesyce maculata.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-N0
NEW 





Images, wsp
 Lag.

    Chamaesyce nutans
Eyebane Native,
Secure
Chamaesyce nutans Enfoque 2010 9 26 DehesaBoyaldePuertollano.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW 





Images, wsp
 Raf.

    Chamaesyce rafinesquei
    Chamaesyce vermiculata
Wormseed spurge,
Worm-seeded spurge
Native,
Secure
Euphorbia vermiculata BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-N
USDA-NN
NEW 





Images, wsp
Engelm.

    Chamaesyce glyptosperma
Corrugate-seeded broomspurge,
Ribseed sandmat,
Ridge-seeded spurge
Native,
Likely secure
Euphorbia glyptosperma BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW 





Images, wsp
 L.

    Chamaesyce polygonifolia
Seaside sandmat,
Seaside spurge
Native,
Vulnerable
Euphorbia polygonifolia BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-3-4
USDA-XX
NEW 





Images, wsp
 L.

    Chamaesyce hirta (L.) Millsp.
Pillpod sandmat,
Pill-podded broomspurge
Introduced,
US South native
Starr 031108-0217 Chamaesyce hirta.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
NEW 





Images, wsp
 Pers.
var. serpyllifolia

    Chamaesyce serpyllifolia
ssp. serpyllifolia
Thyme-leaf sandmat,
Thyme-leaved sandmat
Introduced,
N. America native
Chamaesyce serpyllifolia (5144321512).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-NN
NEW 





Images, wsp
Engelm.

    Chamaesyce stictospora
Slimseed sandmat,
Slim-seeded broomspurge
Introduced,
N. America native
Euphorbia stictospora BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-N0
NEW 





Images, wsp
Euphorbia subg. Chamaesyce sect. Poinsettia[edit]
Malpighiales — Euphorbiaceae — Euphorbioideae — Euphorbieae — Euphorbiineae — Euphorbia subg. Chamaesyce
Euphorbiasubg. Chamaesycesect. Poinsettia Spurge N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
 Michx.
var. dentata

    Anisophyllum dentatum
    Poinsettia dentata
Toothed spurge Introduced,
US South native
Euphorbia1.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-M0






Images, wsp
Euphorbia subg. Esula[edit]

Subgenus Esula contains non-native spurges,[1] a few of which are considered highly invasive in New York.

Euphorbia subg. Esula sect. Esula[edit]
Malpighiales — Euphorbiaceae — Euphorbioideae — Euphorbieae — Euphorbiineae — Euphorbia subg. Esula
Euphorbiasubg. Esulasect. Esula Spurge N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
 L.

1753. Euphorbia cyparissias L.
1768. Tithymalus cyparissias
(L.) Hill
1812. Esula cyparissias (L.) Haw.
1836. Keraselma cyparissias
(L.) Raf.
1932. Galarhoeus cyparissias
(L.) Small ex Rydb.
Cypress spurge
Graveyard weed
Graveyard spurge

Euphorbe cyprès
Rhubarbe des pauvres
Euphorbe petit-cyprès
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Highly invasive,
NYIS: 75%[2],
Prohibited[3],
NE-3[4]
20160718Euphorbia cyparissias1.jpg
Euphorbia cyparissias nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-X
NEW 
ARS 
Trop.
NSE BNA


Images, wsp
Waldst. & Kit.

1803. E. virgata Waldst. & Kit. (i)
1979. E. esula ssp. tommasiniana
1988. E. esula var. uralensis
 auct. E. esulanon L. (i)
Leafy spurge,
Wolf's milk,
Russian leafy spurge,
Narrow leafy spurge
Euphorbe de Tommasini,
Euphorbe de Waldstein,
Euphorbe effilée
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 n. Africa,
Highly invasive,
NYIS: 76%[5],
Prohibited[3],
NE-1[6]
Euphorbia virgata (Ruten-Wolfsmilch) IMG 7174.JPG
Euphorbia esula nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS 
Trop.



Images, wsp
Waldst. & Kit. (1801)

    Galarhoeus lucidus
    Tithymalus lucidus
Shining spurge Introduced Euphorbia lucida1.JPG
Euphorbia lucida nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
Euphorbiasubg. Esulasect. Esula (excluded taxa) Spurge N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
Euphorbia uralensis
= Euphorbia esula

Leafy spurge Introduced,
N.Y. excluded
Euphorbia esula 001.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-XCLD

ITIS




Images, wsp
L.

1753. E. esula L.
1822. E. uralensis Fisch. ex Link
1933. Tithymalus uralensis
(Fisch. ex Link) Prokhanov
Leafy spurge Introduced,
N.Y. excluded
Euphorbia esula 002.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-XCLD






Images, wsp
Euphorbia subg. Esula sect. Helioscopia[edit]
Malpighiales — Euphorbiaceae — Euphorbioideae — Euphorbieae — Euphorbiineae — Euphorbia subg. Esula
Euphorbiasubg. Esulasect. Helioscopia Spurge N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
 L.

1753. Euphorbia helioscopia L.
    Galarhoeus helioscopius (L.) Haw.
    Tithymalus helioscopius (L.) Hill
Sun spurge
Wolf's-milk
Cat-milk
Madwoman's milk
Wart spurge
Wart weed
Waterweed
Summer spurge

Euphorbe réveille-matin
Euphorbe réveil-matin
Réveille-matin
Euphorbe hélioscopique
Introduced Euphorbia helioscopia habitus 1 AB.jpg
Euphorbia helioscopia nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW 
ARS 
Trop.



Images, wsp
 L.

    Galarhoeus platyphyllos (L.) Rydb.
    Tithymalus platyphyllos (L.) Hill
Broadfeaf spurge,
Broad-leaved spurge
Introduced Euphorbia platyphyllos2 W.jpg
Euphorbia platyphyllos nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW 





Images, wsp
 L.

1762. E. epithymoides L.
    E. polychroma A.Kern.
    
Cushion spurge
Euphorbe dorée,
Euphorbe polychrome
Introduced Euphorbia polychroma sl5.jpg
Euphorbia epithymoides nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW 
ARS 




Images, wsp
Euphorbiasubg. Esulasect. Helioscopia (excluded taxa) Spurge N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
(Raf.) Fernald

1840. Agaloma purpurea Raf.
1848. E. darlingtonii A.Gray
1903. Tithymalus darlingtonii
(A. Gray) Small
1932. E. purpurea (Raf.) Fernald
1933. Galarhoeus darlingtonii
(A. Gray) Small
Darlington's spurge
Darlington's glade spurge
Glade spurge

N. America native
 Mid-Atlantic,
N.Y. excluded
Euphorbia amygdaloides Purpurea02.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-XCLD
USDA-N0
NEW 
ARS ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp
Euphorbia subg. Esula sect. Tithymalus[edit]
Malpighiales — Euphorbiaceae — Euphorbioideae — Euphorbieae — Euphorbiineae — Euphorbia subg. Esula
Euphorbiasubg. Esulasect. Tithymalus Spurge N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
 L. (1753)

    Galarhoeus peplus (L.) Rydb.
    Tithymalus peplus (L.) Hill
Petty spurge,
Euphorbe des jardins
Introduced Tuinwolfsmelk Euphorbia peplus.jpg
Euphorbia peplus nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW 
ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
Euphorbia subg. Esula sect. Lathyris[edit]
Malpighiales — Euphorbiaceae — Euphorbioideae — Euphorbieae — Euphorbiineae — Euphorbia subg. Esula
Euphorbiasubg. Esulasect. Lathyris Spurge N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
 L. (1759)

1753. Euphorbia lathyrus L.
    Galarhoeus lathyris (L.) Haw.
    Tithymalus lathyris (L.) Hill
Caper spurge,
Mole plant,
Gopher plant,
Euphorbe épurge
Introduced,
Invasive,
NYIS: 57%[1]
Euphorbia lathyris 002.jpg
Euphorbia lathyris nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW 
ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
Euphorbia subg. Esula sect. Exiguae[edit]
Malpighiales — Euphorbiaceae — Euphorbioideae — Euphorbieae — Euphorbiineae — Euphorbia subg. Esula
Euphorbiasubg. Esulasect. Exiguae Spurge N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
 L.

Dwarf spurge,
Little spurge
Introduced,
Impersistent
Euphorbia exigua2 closeup.jpg
Euphorbia exigua nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX






Images, wsp

Family Linaceae[edit]

The Linaceae

Subfamily Linoideae[edit]

Tribe Lineae[edit]

Linum[edit]
Malpighiales — Linaceae — Linoideae — Lineae — Linum
Linum Flax N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
 L.

Woodland flax,
Virginia flax,
Yellow flax
Native,
Secure
Linum virginianum FWS-2.jpg
Linum virginianum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW 





Images, wsp
 Walter

Ridged yellow flax Native,
Rare
Linum striatum NRCS-001.jpg
Linum striatum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-3
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
 E.P.Bicknell

1912. L. intercursum E.P.Bicknell
1916. L. floridanum var. intercursum
1933. Cathartolinum intercursum
Small
Sandplain flax,
Sandplain yellow flax
Native,
Threatened,
NYNHP: S2[1]
Linum intercursum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-2
USDA-N0
NEW 





Images, wsp
 (Planch.) Britton
var. texanum

1848. L. virginianum var. texanum
1935. L. medium var. texanum
Stiff yellow flax Native,
Threatened,
NYNHP: S2[2]
Stiff Yellow Flax (1017830735).jpg
Linum medium var texanum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-2
USDA-NN
NEW 





Images, wsp
 Riddell
var. sulcatum

1836. L. sulcatum Riddell
1907. Cathartolinum sulcatum
(Riddell) Small
1982. Mesynium sulcatum
(Riddell) Á. Löve & D. Löve
Grooved yellow flax Native,
Threatened,
NYNHP: S2[3]
Linum sulcatum var sulcatum BB-1913.png
Linum sulcatum var sulcatum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-2
USDA-NN
NEW 
ARS ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp
 L.

1753. L. usitatissimum L.
1768. L. humile Mill.
1805. L. usitatissimum
var. humile (Mill.) Pers.
1940. L. usitatissimum
ssp. transitorium Vavilov & Elladi
Common flax,
Cultivated flax,
Linseed
Lin cultivé,
Lin utile,
Lin
Introduced,
Only cultivated
Flax blossom..jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XW
NEW Can
ARS 




Images, wsp

Fairy flax Introduced Linum catharticum.jpeg
Linum catharticum nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX






Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Linum grandiflorum L.
Flowering flax,
Red flax,
Scarlet flax,
Crimson flax
Lin à grandes fleurs
Introduced from
 Algeria
Scarlet Flax in New Hampshire.JPG
Linum grandiflorum nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-X0

ARS 




Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Linum perenne L.
 auct. Linum lewisiinon Pursh
Blue flax,
Perennial flax,
Alpine flax
Lin vivace
Introduced from
 Eurasia
Linum perenne 3.JPG
Linum perenne nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XN

ARS 




Images, wsp
Linum (excluded taxa) Flax N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
(Planch.) Britton
var. medium

1848. Linum virginianum var. medium
1897. Linum medium (Planch.) Britton
Stiff yellow flax N. America native,
N.Y. excluded

Annual-perennial,
Herb-forb
Stiff Yellow Flax (1017830735).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-XCLD
USDA-NN

ARS 




Images, wsp

Malpighiales (3)
Salicaceae
Flora of New York — Malpighiales (4) : Euphorbiaceae, Linaceae
Fabales
Table of
contents
Genus
index
Protected species index Invasive species index