Flora of New York/Vitales, Zygophyllales, Celastrales, Oxalidales

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Proteales, Buxales, Hamamelidales, Saxifragales
Flora of New York — Vitales, Zygophyllales, Celastrales, Oxalidales
Malpighiales (1)
Hypericaceae, Podostemaceae, Elatinaceae
Table of
contents
Genus
index
Protected species index Invasive species index


Order Vitales[edit]

The order Vitales contains the single family Vitaceae.[1]

Family Vitaceae[edit]

The Vitaceae (grape family)...[2]

  1. Vitales in P.F. Stevens (2001 onwards). Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. 15 July 2015.
  2. Vitaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.

Genus Vitis[edit]

Vitales – fam. Vitaceae – subfam. Vitoideae – genus Vitis
Vitis Grape N.Y. Status Images Distribution 11
 Michx.

1803. Vitis riparia Michx.
1856. V. cordifolia var. riparia
1893. V. riparia var. praecox
1897. V. vulpina var. praecox
1923. V. vulpina var. syrticola
1939. V. riparia var. syrticola
1949. V. vulpina ssp. riparia
River grape,
Riverbank grape,
Frost grape

Vigne des rivages,
Vigne souvage,
Raisin souvage
Native, CoC: 3,
Secure

WL: FACW-FAC

Perennial,
Vine
Cluster of frost grapes (Southeast Michigan).JPG
Vitis riparia NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.
NSE BNA


Images, wsp
 Michx.

1803. Vitis aestivalis Michx.
1820. V. bicolor Raf.
1890. V. aestivalis var. bicolor
1897. V. argentifolia Munson
1921. V. lecontiana House
1924. V. aestivalis var. bicolor
1934. V. smalliana L.H.Bailey
1940. V. gigas J.H.Fennel
1936. V. aestivalis var. argentifolia
1987. V. aestivalis var. smalliana
Summer grape,
Small grape,
Pigeon grape,
Silverleaf grape,
Blue grape

Vigne d'été
Native, CoC: 4,
Secure

WL: FACU

Perennial,
Vine
Vitis aestivalis 1120452.jpg
Vitis aestivalis var aestivalis NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-N0
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Vitis labrusca L.
1818. V. labrusca var. labruscoides
1830. V. labrusca var. alba
1830. V. labrusca var. rosea
1940. V. labrusca var. subedentata
Northern fox grape,
Fox grape,
Skunk grape,
Concord grape

Vigne lambruche,
Vigne américaine,
Vigne framboisier
Native, CoC: 6,
Secure

WL: FACU

Perennial,
Vine
Wild Grapes.JPG
Vitis labrusca NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NX
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp
 Fernald

Vitis labrusca ×
Vitis riparia

1917. Vitis × novae-angliae Fernald
    
    
New England grape,
Pilgrim grape
Native,
Very vulnerable

WL: FACW-FAC

Perennial,
Vine
Vitis × novae-angliae NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-2
USDA-N0
NEW 
ARS ITIS
FNA 
BNA


Images, wsp
L,

1753. Vitis vulpina L.
1803. Vitis cordifolia
sensu Macoun non Michx.
1818. Vitis cordifolia var. vulpina
1891. Vitis vinifera var. vulpina
1934. Vitis illex L.H.Bailey
Winter grape,
Frost grape
Native, CoC: 5,
Endangered

WL: FAC

Perennial,
Vine
Phyllocnistis vitifoliella leafmine in Frost Grape (Vitis vulpina).jpg
Vitis vulpina NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-1
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp
 Rehder

Vitis aestivalis ×
Vitis riparia

1922. Vitis × slavinii Rehder
    
    
Slavin's grape,
Hybrid of
 Summer grape &
 River grape
Native,
Unranked

Perennial,
Vine
Vitis × slavinii NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-?


Trop.



Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Vitis vinifera L.
    
    
European grape,
Wine grape,
Vinifera grape

Vigne cultivée,
Vigne
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa,
Not naturalized

Perennial,
Vine, shrub
MVC-867F GV Minim-2 12-9-2000.JPG
Vitis vinifera NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS 




Images, wsp
 Prince ex Jacques

Vitis labrusca ×
Vitis vinifera

1822. Vitis × alexanderi Prince nom. nud.
1829. Vitis × alexanderi Prince ex Jacques
1830. Vitis × prolifera Raf.
1834. Vitis isabellae var. alexanderi
1923. Vitis × labruscana L.H.Bailey
Concord grape,
Hybrid of
 Fox grape &
 Vinifera grape
Introduced,
Not Naturalized

WL: FACU
Isabella grape bunch.jpg
Vitis × labruscana NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-Xnn
USDA-






Images, wsp
Vitis(excluded) Grape N.Y. Status Images Distribution 11
Vahl

    
    
    
Catbird grape N. America native,
Excluded
Vitis palmata.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-EXCLD
USDA-






Images, wsp

Genus Parthenocissus[edit]

Vitales – fam. Vitaceae – subfam. Vitoideae – genus Parthenocissus
Parthenocissus Creeper N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
(L.) Planch.

1753. Hedera quinquefolia L.
1803. Ampelopsis quinquefolia
(L.) Michx.
1887. P. quinquefolia (L.) Planch.
1939. P. quinquefolia fo. hirsuta
Virginia creeper,
Five-leaved ivy,
Five-finger

Vigne vierge à 5 folioles,
Parthénocisse à 5 folioles,
Vigne vierge vraie,
Vigne vierge grimpante
Native, CoC: 4,
Secure

WL: FACU

Perennial,
Vine
Virginia creeper Parthenocissus quinquifolia 169.JPG
Parthenocissus quinquefolia NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ARS 




Images, wsp
(A.Kern.) Fritsch

1887. Vitis inserta A.Kern.
1893. Ampelopsis quinquefolia
var. vitacea
1894. P. vitacea (Knerr) Hitchc.
1922. P. inserta (A. Kern.) Fritsch
Thicket Creeper,
Woodbine,
False Virginia Creeper

Vigne vierge commune,
Vigne vierge
Native, CoC: 2,
Secure

Perennial,
Vine
Parthenocissus vitacea, Jan Celliers Park.jpg
Parthenocissus inserta NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-N0
NEW Can
ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
(Siebold & Zucc.) Planch.

1845. Ampelopsis tricuspidata S.& Z.
1868. A. veitchii hort. nom. inval.
1887. P. tricuspidata (S.& Z.) Planch.
Boston ivy,
Japanese creeper,
Japanese ivy,
Grape ivy

Vigne vierge tricuspidée,
Vigne vierge de Veitch,
Vigne-vierge du Japon
Introduced from
 temperate Asia,
Potentially invasive

Perennial,
Vine
Vigne sur un mur.jpg
Parthenocissus tricuspidata nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS ITIS




Images, wsp

Genus Ampelopsis[edit]

Vitales – fam. Vitaceae – subfam. Vitoideae – genus Ampelopsis
Ampelopsis Peppervine N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 (Wall.) Momiy.
var. brevipedunculata (Maxim.) Momiy.

1859. Cissus brevipedunculata Maxim.
1861. C. humulifolia var. brevipedunculata
1883. Ampelopsis brevipedunculata
(Maxim.) Trautv.
1887. A. heterophylla var. amurensis
1892. Vitis brevipedunculata (Maxim.) Dippel
1977. A. glandulosa var. brevipedunculata
1996. A. heterophylla var. brevipedunculata
Porcelainberry,
Amur pepper-vine
Introduced,
Highly invasive,
NYIS: 71%[1],
Prohibited[2],
NE-1[3]
Ampelopsis glandulosa var. brevipedunculata - Blue and Purple Berries 2000px.jpg
Ampelopsis brevipedunculata nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-X0
NEW 
ARS ITIS
Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp
Bunge

1833. Ampelopsis aconitifolia Bunge
1873. Vitis aconitifolia (Bunge) Hance
1884. Vitis serianiifolia var. aconitifolia
 auct. Ampelopsis cordatanon Michx. (1803)
Monk's-hood-vine Introduced,
Naturalized

Perennial,
Vine
Ampelopsis aconitifolia 3c.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Xn
USDA-X0

ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp

Order Zygophyllales[edit]

The Zygophyllales contain the two families Krameriaceae and Zygophyllaceae according to A.P.G. III (2009).[1]

Family Zygophyllaceae[edit]

The Zygophyllaceae (family)...[2]

  1. Zygophyllales in P.F. Stevens (2001 onwards). Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. 15 July 2015.
  2. Zygophyllaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.

Subfamily Tribuloideae[edit]

Genus Tribulus[edit]
Zygophyllales – fam. Zygophyllaceae – subfam. Tribuloideae – genus Tribulus
Tribulus Puncturevine N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.

1753. Tribulus terrestris L.
    
    
Puncturevine,
Puncture-vine,
Caltrop,
Goathead,
Mexican sandbur,
Texas sandbur

Croix-de-Malte,
Tribule terrestre
Introduced,
Impersistent

Annual,
Herb-forb
Starr 030612-0063 Tribulus terrestris.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Xm
USDA-Xw
NEW Can
ARS ITIS

BNA


Images, wsp

Subfamily Zygophylloideae[edit]

Genus Zygophyllum[edit]
Zygophyllales – fam. Zygophyllaceae – subfam. Zygophylloideae – genus Zygophyllum
Zygophyllum Beancaper N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1

Syrian beancaper Introduced,
Impersistent
Morsana-flor-2.JPG
NYFA-Xm
USDA-X0






Images, wsp

Order Celastrales[edit]

The order Celastrales ...

Family Celastraceae[edit]

The Celastraceae (staff-vine or bittersweet family) in New York contains the genera Euonymus (spindletree), Celastrus (bittersweet), as well as Parnassia (grass-of-Parnassus), which has also been included in the Saxifragaceae and Parnassiaceae.

Subfamily Parnassioideae[edit]

Genus Parnassia[edit]
Celastrales – fam. Parnassiaceae – subfam. Parnassioideae – genus Parnassia
Parnassia Grass-of-Parnassus N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 Raf.

1803. P. caroliniana Michx. misapplied
1813. Parnassia americana Muhl.
1840. Parnassia glauca Raf.
Fen grass of Parnassus,
American grass-of-parnassus,
Glaucous grass-of-Parnassus,
"Carolina" grass-of-Parnassus

Parnassie à feuilles glauques,
Parnassie glauque
Native,
Likely secure
Grass-of-Parnassus (Parnassia glauca) (9754071813).jpg
Parnassia glauca NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ITIS
Trop.
NSE BNA


Images, wsp

Subfamily Celastroideae[edit]

Genus Euonymus[edit]

Of the six native and naturalized Euonymus species in New York, three are native, and three have been introduced and are considered to be invasive.[1]

The most common native Euonymus in New York is Euonymus atropurpureus (or eastern wahoo). It is sometimes confused with Euonymus europaeus (or European spindle tree). The two can be distinguished by several characteristics, including:

E. atropurpureus E. europaeus
Leaves: pubescent beneath or entirely glabrous glabrous above & beneath
Petals: wide, dark brown-purple narrow, light green-yellow-white
Inflorescence: umbels of 7-15 flowers umbels of 3-8 flowers
Capsule: pink to purple red to pink
Aril: scarlet orange
Seed brown white
Celastrales – fam. Celastraceae – subfam. Celastroideae – genus Euonymus
EuonymusL.subg. Euonymussect. Euonymus Spindletree N.Y. Status Images Distribution 5
 Jacq.
var. atropurpureus

1772. Euonymus atropurpurea orth. var.
1772. Euonymus atropurpureus Jacq.
1941. Euonymus atropurpureus
var. cheatumii Lundell
Eastern wahoo,
Eastern spindle-tree,
Burning bush,
Bitter-ash

Fusain pourpre,
Fusain de l'Est
Native, CoC: 6,
Likely secure

WL: FAC-FACU

Perennial,
Tree, shrub
Euonymus atropurpureus 9962.jpg
Euonymus atropurpureus var atropurpureus nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS

BNA


Images, wsp
 L.

    Euonymus vulgaris Mill.
    
    
European spindletree,
European euonymus

Fusain d'Europe,
Bonnet de prêtre
Introduced,
Moderately invasive,
NYIS: 60%[2],
CP-5[3]

Perennial,
Tree, shrub
Euonymus europaeus 9866-67 4x3.jpg
Euonymus europaeus nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can





Images, wsp
EuonymusL.subg. Euonymussect. Echinococcus Spindletree N.Y. Status Images Distribution 5
 Nutt.

1818. Euonymus obovatus Nutt.
1892. Eu. americanus var. obovatus
    
Running strawberry-bush Native, CoC: 7,
Vulnerable

WL: FAC-FACU

Perennial,
Shrub, subshrub,
Vine
Euonymus obovatus EPA-1.jpg
Euonymus obovatus nymap.svg
NYFA-3
USDA-XX

ARS 
Trop.

LBJ

Images, wsp
L.

1753. Euonymus americanus L.
1753. Euonymus americana L., orth. var.
    
American strawberry bush,
Bursting hearts,
Bursting heart
Native, CoC: 7,
Endangered

WL: FAC

Perennial,
Herb-forb,
Subshrub
Euonymus americanus 5424017.jpg
Euonymus americanus nymap.svg
NYFA-1
USDA-N0

ARS 
Trop.
NSE BNA


Images, wsp
EuonymusL.subg. Euonymussect. Ilicifolia Spindletree N.Y. Status Images Distribution 5
(Turcz.) Hand.-Mazz.
var. radicans (Siebold ex Miq.) Rehder

1851. Euonymus hederaceus
Champ. ex Benth. p.p.
1863. Elaeodendron fortunei Turcz. p.p.
1865. Eu. japonicus var. radicans
1867. Eu. radicans Sieb. ex Miq.
1938. Eu. fortunei var. radicans Rehder
Climbing euonymus,
Winter creeper,
Evergreen bittersweet,
Climbing spindle-tree,
Fortune's euonymus

Fusain de Fortune,
Fusain rampant
Introduced,
Highly invasive,
NYIS: 78%[4],
Regulated[5],
CP-4[6]

Perennial,
Shrub, vine
Euonymus fortunei 5422029.jpg
Euonymus fortunei var radicans nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
EuonymusL.subg. Euonymussect. Melanocarya Spindletree N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (Thunb.) Siebold

1784. Celastrus alatus Thunb.
1784. Celastrus striatus Thunb.
1826. Euonymus subtriflorus Blume
1826. Euonymus thunbergianus Blume
1830. Euonymus alatus Siebold
Burning bush,
Winged euonymus,
Winged burning bush,
Winged spindle tree

Fusain ailé
Introduced,
Very highly invasive,
NYIS: 81%[7],
Regulated[5],
CP-3[8]
Euonymus alatus ÖBG 09-07-16 02.jpg
Euonymus alatus nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS 
Trop.



Images, wsp
Genus Celastrus[edit]
Celastrales – fam. Celastraceae – subfam. Celastroideae – genus Celastrus
Celastrus Bittersweet N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
 L.

1753. Celastrus scandens L.
1794. Euonymoides scandens
(L.) Moench
1902. Euonymus scandens
(L.) E.H.L.Krause
American bittersweet,
Climbing bittersweet

Bourreau des arbres,
Célastre grimpant
Native, CoC: 7,
Rare

WL: FACU

Perennial,
Vine
Celastrus scandens 27297.jpg
Celastrus scandens NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-3
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS 




Images, wsp
 Thunb.

1784. C. orbiculatus Thunb.
1784. C. articulatus Thunb.
Asian bittersweet,
Oriental bittersweet,
Oriental staff vine

Célastre asiatique
Introduced from
 temperate Asia,
Very highly invasive,
NYIS: 87%[1],
Prohibited[2],
CP-2[3] NE-1[4]

WL: FACU-UPL
Celastrus orbiculatus 081202.JPG
Celastrus orbiculatus NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp
 Loes.

1902. Celastrus gemmatus Loes.
1912. Embelia esquirolii H.Lév.
1935. C. lokchongensis Masam.
Shrub-bittersweet,
Chinese staff vine,
Chinese bittersweet
Introduced from
 temperate Asia,
Excluded
Celastrus gemmatus NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-00

ARS 
FoC Trop.



Images, wsp

Order Oxalidales[edit]

The order Oxalidales contains seven families, of which, only members of the Oxalidaceae have been discovered growing outside of cultivation in New York.

Family Oxalidaceae[edit]

The Oxalidaceae (woodsorrel family) has traditionally been included in the Geraniales, but is now included here with phylogenically similar Rosids.

Genus Oxalis[edit]

Oxalidales – fam. Oxalidaceae – genus Oxalissubg. Oxalis
Oxalissect. Oxalis Wood-sorrel N.Y. Status Images Distribution 6
 Raf.

1818. Oxalis montana Raf.
1930. O. acetosella var. rhodantha
1958. O. acetosella ssp. montana
 auct. O. acetosella non L.
Mountain wood-sorrel,
White wood-sorrel,
Common wood-sorrel,
Northern wood-sorrel

Oxalide de montagne,
Oxalide des bois
Native, CoC: 7,
Secure

WL: FAC-FACU

Perennial,
Herb-forb,
Part shade
Oxalis montana.jpg
Oxalis montana NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.
NSE BNA
IPN LBJ

Images, wsp
Oxalissect. Corniculatae Yellow wood-sorrel N.Y. Status Images Distribution 6
 L.

1753. Oxalis stricta L.
1854. Oxalis europaea Jord.
1896. Oxalis cymosa Small
1903. Xanthoxalis stricta (L.) Small
1903. Xanthoxalis cymosa (Small) Small
1943. Xanthoxalis europaea Moldenke
Upright yellow wood-sorrel,
Common yellow wood-sorrel,
Common yellow oxalis,
European wood-sorrel,
Tall wood-sorrel

Oxalide d'Europe,
Oxalide dressée,
Oxalide stricte, Surette,
Pain d'oiseau, Oxalis droit
Native,
Secure,
Sun
20140520Oxalis stricta1.jpg
Oxalis stricta NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NX
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.
BNA
LBJ

Images, wsp
 Jacq.

1794. Oxalis dillenii Jacq.
1897. Oxalis corniculata var. dillenii
1925. Oxalis stricta var. piletocarpa
1972. Xanthoxalis dillenii (Jacq.) Holub
Slender yellow wood-sorrel,
Dillen's wood-sorrel,
Sussex yellow sorrel

Oxalide de Dillenius
Native,
Secure
Oxalis dillenii BB-1913-1.png
Oxalis dillenii NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NX
NEW Can


BNA


Images, wsp
 Salisb.

1796. Oxalis florida Salisb.
1803. Oxalis prostrata Haw.
1824. Oxalis dillenii var. florida
1825. Oxalis rupestris Raf.
1897. Oxalis filipes Small
1901. Oxalis brittoniae Small
1903. Xanthoxalis brittoniae Small
1903. Xanthoxalis filipes Small
1943. Xanthoxalis florida Moldenke
1963. Oxalis dillenii ssp. filipes
1964. Oxalis florida var. filipes
1964. Oxalis florida var. recurva
1979. Oxalis florida ssp. prostrata
Southern yellow wood-sorrel,
Flowering yellow wood-sorrel
Native,
Secure
Oxalis dillenii BB-1913-2.png
Oxalis florida NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NX
NEW Can-0





Images, wsp
Note: [1]
 L.

1753. Oxalis corniculata L.
1891. Acetosella corniculata Kuntze
1903. Xanthoxalis corniculata Small
Creeping wood-sorrel,
Creeping yellow wood-sorrel

Oxalide cornue,
Oxalis cornu
Introduced,
US South native,
(questionably)
Oxalis corniculata bloemen.jpg
Oxalis corniculata NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-NX
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp
Oxalissect. Ionoxalis Bulb-bearing wood-sorrel N.Y. Status Images Distribution 6
 L.

1753. Oxalis violacea L.
1782. Sassia tinctoria Molina
1891. Acetosella violacea (L.) Kuntze
1903. Ionoxalis violacea (L.) Small
1937. O. violacea var. trichophora
1943. I. violacea var. trichophora
1998. Sassia violacea (L.) Holub
Violet wood-sorrel Native,
Threatened
Violet Wood-Sorrel - Oxalis violacea.JPG
Oxalis violacea NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-2-3
USDA-N-
NEW Can-0
ARS 
Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp
  1. Nesom, Guy L. 2009. Again: taxonomy of yellow-flowered caulescent Oxalis (Oxalidaceae) in eastern North America. Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 3: 727–738.