Flora of New York/Violaceae

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Malpighiales (1):
Hypericaceae, Podostemaceae, Elatinaceae
Flora of New York — Malpighiales (2) : Violaceae
Malpighiales (3):
Salicaceae
Table of
contents
Genus
index
Protected species index Invasive species index


Order Family Subfamily Tribe Genus Common names #
Malpighiales Hypericaceae Hypericeae Triadenum marsh St. John's wort 2
Hypericum St. John's wort 18
Podostemaceae Podostemoideae Podostemum river weed 1
Elatinaceae Elatine water wort 3
Violaceae Violoideae Violeae Hybanthus greenviolet 1
Viola violet 57
Salicaceae Salicoideae Populus cottonwood, aspen, poplar 11
Salix willow 36
Euphorbiaceae Acalyphoideae Acalypheae Acalypha copperleaf, three-seed mercury 4
Mercurialis herb mercury 1
Ricinus castor bean 1
Crotonoideae Crotoneae Croton rushfoil, hogwort 1
Euphorbioideae Euphorbieae Euphorbia spurge, sandmat 21
Linaceae Linoideae Lineae Linum flax 9

Family Violaceae[edit]

The Violaceae (violet family) ...

Subfamily Violoideae[edit]

Tribe Violeae[edit]

Genus Hybanthus[edit]

Of the four species of Hybanthus (greenviolets) that are native to North America, only Hybanthus concolor (the eastern greenviolet) has been discovered outside of cultivation in New York.

Malpighiales — Violaceae — Violoideae — Violeae — Hybanthus
Hybanthus Greenviolet N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(T.F.Forst.) Spreng.

1802. Viola concolor T.F.Forst.
1819. Ionidium sprengleianum
Roem. & Schult.
1824. Hybanthus concolor Spreng.
1824. Solea concolor Ging.
1878. Ionidium concolor S.Watson
1897. Cubelium concolor
ex Britton & A.Br. Raf.
Green-violet,
Eastern greenviolet,
Nodding violet
Hybanthe à fleurs verdâtres,
Hybanthe
N.Y. native,
NYS CoC: 8,
Vulnerable

FACU

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Hybanthus concolor BB-1913.png
Hybanthus concolor nymap.svg
NYFA-3-4
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.

LBJ

Images, wsp
Genus Viola[edit]

The Viola genus has about 50 species found outside of cultivation in New York. The majority of the species are native to the region, though a few are escaped garden exotics. The subgeneric organization used here is is largely based on Ballard (1999).[1]

Violets are often divided into two groups based on the presence of a stem that is shared between the flowers and leaves. "Stemmed" or "caulescent" means that the flowers and leaves share an above-ground stem, whereas "stemless" or "acaulescent" violets have separate petioles (attached to the leaves) and peduncles (attached to the flowers) that arise from an underground rootstock.

Viola sect. Canadenses[edit]

Viola sect. Canadenses contains the stemmed white violet, Viola canadensis.

Malpighiales — Violaceae — Violoideae — Violeae — Viola — sect. Canadenses
Violasect. Canadenses Stemmed white violets N.Y. Status Images Distribution 57
 L.
var. canadensis

1753. Viola canadensis L.
1836. Lophion canadense (L.) Spach
1841. V. scouleri Dougl. ex Steud.
1889. V. canadensis var. scariosa
1902. V. rydbergii Greene (i)
1902. V. neomexicana Greene (i)
1902. V. muriculata Greene (i)
1902. V. geminiflora Greene (i)
1906. V. canadensis var. rydbergii
1917. V. canadensis var. pubens
1938. V. canadensis var. corymbosa
Canada violet,
Canadian white violet,
Tall white violet
Violette du Canada
N.Y. native,
NYS CoC: 9,
Secure

FACU

Perennial,
Herb-forb,
Sun
Canadaviolet 2.jpg
Viola canadensis var canadensis nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.

LBJ

Images, wsp
Violasect. Canadenses (excluded taxa) Stemmed white violets N.Y. Status Images Distribution X
L.
var. rugulosa (Greene) C.L.Hitchc.

1902. Viola rugulosa Greene
1918. Lophion rugulosum (Greene) Lunell
1961. V. canadensis var. rugulosa
Creepingroot violet N. America native
 western N. America,
N.Y. excluded
Canada Violet (3815815705).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-XCLD
USDA-NN

ARS 
FNA Trop.



Images, wsp
Viola sect. Chamaemelanium[edit]

The Viola section Chamaemelanium Ging. contains the stemmed yellow violets in subsection Nudicaules.

Malpighiales — Violaceae — Violoideae — Violeae — Viola — sect. Chamaemelanium[1]
Violasect. Chamaemelaniumsubsect. Nudicaules Stemmed yellow violets N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 Aiton
var. pubescens

1789. Viola pubescens Aiton
1803. V. pensylvanica Michx.
1818. V. pubescens var. eriocarpa
1822. V. eriocarpon Schwein.
1914. Crocion pubescens Nieuwland
1914. Crocion eriocarpum Nieuwland
1923. V. pubescens var. peckii
Downy yellow violet,
Smooth yellow violet,
Hairy yellow violet,
Yellow forest violet
Violette pubescente
N.Y. native,
NYS CoC: 7,
Secure

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Viola pubescens - Smooth Yellow Violet.jpg
Viola pubescens var pubescens nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW 
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.



Images, wsp
 Aiton
var. scabriuscula Torr. & A.Gray

1901. V. scabriuscula Shafer
1922. V. eriocarpa var. leiocarpa
1938. V. pubescens var. scabriuscula
1940. V. eriocarpa fo. leiocarpa
1941. V. pensylvanica var. leiocarpoa
1967. V. pubescens var. leiocarpa
Downy yellow violet,
Smooth yellow violet,
Yellow forest violet,
Common yellow violet
Violette scabre
N.Y. native,
NYS CoC: 7,
Unranked

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Viola pubescens var. scabriuscula, 2015-04-26, Kane Woods, 01.jpg
Viola pubescens var scabriuscula nymap.svg
NYFA-U
USDA-NN
NEW 
ARS ITIS
FNA 



Images, wsp
Violasect. Chamaemelaniumsubsect. Nudicaules (excluded taxa) Stemmed yellow violets N.Y. Status Images Distribution X
 Michx.

1803. Viola hastata Michx.
1813. Viola trifida Spreng.
1822. Viola hirta Schwein. (ambig.)
Halberdleaf yellow violet,
Halberd-leaved yellow violet
N. America native
 southern U.S.,
N.Y. excluded

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Halberd-Leaf Violet (4526399519).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-XCLD
USDA-N0

ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.



Images, wsp
Viola sect. Orbiculares[edit]

Viola sect. Orbiculares contains the stemless yellow violet Viola rotundifolia.

Malpighiales — Violaceae — Violoideae — Violeae — Viola — sect. Orbiculares
Violasect. Orbiculares Stemless yellow violets N.Y. Status Images Distribution 57
 Michx. (1803)

Roundleaf yellow violet,
Round-leaved violet,
Violette à feuilles rondes
N.Y. native,
NYS CoC: 7,
Secure
Round-leaf Yellow Violet (4506716756).jpg
Viola rotundifolia nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
Viola sect. Plagiostigma[edit]

Sect. Plagiostigma contains stemless white-flowered violets.

Malpighiales — Violaceae — Violoideae — Violeae — Viola — sect. Plagiostigma[1]
Violasubsect. Adnatae Stemless white violets N.Y. Status Images Distribution 57
 Pursh ex Goldie

1822. Viola selkirkii Pursh ex Goldie
    
    
Great-spurred violet,
Long-spurred violet,
Selkirk's violet
Violette de Selkirk
N.Y. native,
NYS CoC: 8,
Secure
Viola selkirkii flower 1 AB.jpg
Viola selkirkii nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW 
ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
Violasubsect. Stolonosae Stemless white violets N.Y. Status Images Distribution 57
 Willd.

1804. Viola blanda Willd. (i)
1905. Viola incognita Brainerd
    
Sweet white violet,
Large-leaf white violet,
Willdenow's violet,
Woodland-white violet,
Violette méconnue
N.Y. native,
NYS CoC: 6,
Unranked

FACW

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Viola blanda WFNY-139B.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-U
USDA-NN

ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
 L. (1753)
ssp. lanceolata

Bog white violet,
Lance-leaved violet,
Lance-leaved water violet
N.Y. native,
NYS CoC: 7,
Secure
Viola lanceolata 5497265.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN

ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
 F.E.Lloyd

1824. Viola rotundifolia var. pallens
1895. V. macloskeyi F.E.Lloyd
1905. V. pallens (Banks ex Ging.) Brainerd
1925. V. blanda var. macloskeyi
1938. V. pallens var. subreptans
1953. V. macloskeyi ssp. pallens
1961. V. macloskeyi var. pallens
1982. V. blanda ssp. macloskeyi
Small white violet,
Smooth white violet,
Sweet white violet,
Northern white violet,
Macloskey's violet
Violette pâle,
Violette minuscule,
Violette de macloskey
N.Y. native,
NYS CoC: 4,
Secure
Viola macloskeyi 5496701.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.
NSE BNA


Images, wsp
 A.Gray

Kidney-leaf white violet,
Kidney-leaved white violet,
Northern white violet,
White violet,
Violette réniforme
N.Y. native,
NYS CoC: 8,
Secure
Viola renifolia 1215055.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
 L.
var. primulifolia

1753. Viola primulifolia L.
1829. Viola primulifolia var. villosa
1838. Viola primulifolia var. acuta
1955. Viola primulifolia ssp. villosa
Primrose-leaf violet,
Primrose-leaved violet
N.Y. native,
NYS CoC: 10,
Threatened,
NYNHP: 2[2]
Viola primulifolia WFNY-140A.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-2
USDA-N0
NEW 
ARS ITIS
Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp
 House

Viola lanceolata ×
Viola primulifolia

1910. V. lanceolata × primulifolia Dowell
1924. Viola × modesta House
Hybrid of
 bog white violet violet &
 primrose-leaf violet
N.Y. native,
No recent reports
Viola × modesta VSI-17.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-H?
USDA-N0

ARS ITIS
Trop.

IPN 

Images, wsp
 House

Viola macloskeyi ×
Viola primulifolia var primulifolia

1924. Viola × mollicula House
    Viola pallens × primulifolia
Hybrid of
 small white violet &
 primrose-leaf violet
N.Y. native,
Impersistent
Viola primulifolia WFNY-140A.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Um
USDA-N0

ITIS
FNA 



Images, wsp
Violasubsect. Stolonosae (excluded taxa) Stemless white violets N.Y. Status Images Distribution X
House (pro. hybr.)[3]

Viola lanceolata ×
Viola macloskeyi

1921. Viola lanceolata × pallens House
1924. Viola × sublanceolata House
 auct. Viola primulifolianon L. (1753)
Lance-leaved violet,
Lanceleaf violet,
Primose-leaved violet
Violette sublancéolée
N.Y. native,
Impersistent
Viola macloskeyi.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-XCLD
USDA-NN
NEW-0Can
ITIS
Trop.
NSE BNA


Images, wsp
Walter

1788. Viola villosa Walter
1895. V. palmata var. villosa
Carolina violet N. America native
 southern U.S.,
N.Y. excluded
Nymap.svg
NYFA-XCLD
USDA-N0

ARS 
FNA Trop.



Images, wsp
  1. BioLib.cz Viola sect. Plagiostigma
  2. New York Natural Heritage Program. 2016. Online Conservation Guide for Viola primulifolia. Threatened, S2/G5.
  3. Homer D. House (1924) Annotated List of the Ferns and Flowering Plants of New York State, page 508.
Viola sect. Melanium[edit]

The Viola section Melanium contains plants commonly known as pansies. The only North American native pansy is Viola bicolor, which is also the only annual Viola species with cleistogamous flowers.

Malpighiales — Violaceae — Violoideae — Violeae — Viola — sect. Melanium[1]
Violasect. Melanium Pansies N.Y. Status Images Distribution 57
 Pursh

1813. Viola bicolor Pursh
1899. V. rafinesquei Greene
1938. V. kitaibeliana var. rafinesquei
 auct. V. kitaibeliana
non Roem. & Schult.
Wild pansy,
Field pansy
Violette de Rafinesque
N.Y. native,
NYS CoC: 9,
Endangered

FACU

Annual,
Herb-forb
Viola bicolor - Field Pansy.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1
USDA-NN

ARS 
FNA Trop.

LBJ

Images, wsp
 Murray

1770. Viola arvensis Murray
1864. V. tricolor ssp. arvensis
European field pansy,
Small wild pansy
Violette des champs
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa,
Naturalized

Annual,
Herb-forb
Viola-Arvensis.jpeg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XW

ARS 
FNA 



Images, wsp
L.
var. tricolor

Johnny jumpup,
Three colored violet
Introduced,
Naturalized
ია კუპფერის Viola kupfferi Kupffer Violet.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX






Images, wsp
Violasect. Melanium (excluded taxa) Pansies N.Y. Status Images Distribution X
Roem. & Schult.

    
Introduced,
N.Y. excluded
Viola kitaibeliana flower.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-XCLD






Images, wsp
Viola sect. Viola subsect. Boreali-Americanae[edit]

The taxa of Viola subsection Boreali-Americanae W.Becker are native exclusively to North America (including northern Mexico). They are commonly referred to as the "stemless (or acaulescent) blue violets", as the leaf petioles and flower peduncles arise directly from the rhizome instead of from a shared above-ground stem. Their classification has long been in flux, partially due to apparent introgressive hybridization within the subsection.[1]

Malpighiales — Violaceae — Violoideae — Violeae — Viola — sect. Viola[2] — subsect. Boreali-Americanae
Violasect. Viola
subsect. Boreali-Americanae
Stemless blue violets N.Y. Status Images Distribution 57
 Willd.

1809. Viola sororia Willd.
1814. Viola papilionacea Pursh
1838. Viola cucullata var. sororia
1898. Viola septentrionalis Greene
1898. Viola palmata var. sororia
1901. Viola nodosa Greene
1902. Viola latiuscula Greene
1910. Viola chalcosperma Brainerd
Common blue violet,
Woolly blue violet,
Hairy blue violet,
Downy blue violet,
Hooded blue violet,
Common violet,
Sister violet
Violette parente,
Violette septentrionale
N.Y. native,
NYS CoC: 3,
Secure

FAC

Annual,
Perennial,
Herb-forb
Flickr - Nicholas T - Pool Wildlife Sanctuary (7).jpg
Viola sororia nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.
NSE BNA
IPN 

Images, wsp
 Greene
= Viola sororia

Northern blue violet,
Northern woodland violet,
Northern bog violet
Violette septentrionale
N.Y. native,
NYS CoC: 3,
Secure
Viola septentrionalis BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA 
BNA


Images, wsp
 Leconte

1826. Viola affinis Leconte
1902. Viola arizonica Greene
1939. Viola nephrophylla var. arizonica
1992. Viola sororia var. affinis
1996. Viola sororia ssp. affinis
Le Conte's violet,
Sand violet,
Arizona bog violet,
Common blue violet,
Thin-leaved blue violet
Violette affine
N.Y. native,
Secure

FACW

Annual,
Perennial,
Herb-forb
Viola affinis 5496755.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.
NSE BNA


Images
 House

1904. Viola novae-angliae House
1935. Viola septentrionalis var. grisea
1992. Viola sororia var. novae-angliae
1997. Viola novae-angliae ssp. grisea
2010. Viola sororia var. grisea
New England violet,
New England blue violet
Violette de
 Nouvelle-Angleterre,
Violette de la
 Nouvelle-Angleterre
N.Y. native,
Endangered,
NYNHP: 1[3]
Viola novae-angliae BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.
NSE BNA


Images, wsp
 Greene

1896. Viola nephrophylla Greene
1896. Viola cognata Greene
1940. Viola maccabeiana M.S.Baker
1961. Viola nephrophylla var. cognata
Northern bog violet,
Wanderer violet,
Sand violet,
Blue meadow violet
Violette néphrophylle,
Violete des calcaires
N.Y. native,
Endangered,
NYNHP: 1[4]
Viola nephrophylla (4720272254).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp
 Aiton

1768. Viola obliqua Hill
1789. Viola cucullata Aiton
1886. Viola palmata var. cucullata
Marsh blue violet,
Blue marsh violet,
Longstem marsh violet
Violette cucullée,
Violette dressée
N.Y. native,
Secure
Pensées blanches aquatiques (5757340976).jpg
Viola cucullata NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS 

BNA


Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Viola palmata L.
1817. Viola esculenta Elliott
1822. Viola triloba Schwein.
1867. Viola cucullata var. palmata
1897. Viola porteriana Pollard
1899. Viola falcata Greene
1901. Viola viarum Pollard
1905. Viola stoneana House
1910. Viola lovelliana Brainerd
1924. Viola festata House
Early blue violet,
Three-lobe violet,
Palmate-leaf violet,
Wood violet,
Crowfoot violet,
Cleft violet
Violette palmée
N.Y. native,
Secure
Viola palmata WFNY-134A.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp
 (Greene) Greene

1898. Viola emarginata var. subsinuata
1898. Viola pedatifida var. bernardii
1899. Viola subsinuata Greene
1902. Viola angelliae Pollard
1903. Viola × bernardii Greene
1904. Viola palmata var. angelliae
 auct. Viola palmatanon L
Palmate-leaved violet,
Early blue violet,
Bernard's violet,
Bernard violet,
Pale violet,
Wavy-leaved violet,
Greene's Violet[5],
Wood violet
N.Y. native,
Secure

FACU

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-N0
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp
 Aiton
var. ovata (Nutt.) Torr. & A. Gray

1817. Viola fimbriatula Sm.
1818. Viola ovata Nutt.
1838. Viola sagittata var. ovata
Northern downy violet,
Arrowleaf violet,
Arrow-leaved violet,
Ovate-leaved violet,
Sand violet,
Fringed violet,
Fimbriate violet
Violette à feuilles frangées
N.Y. native,
Likely secure
Viola sagittata var ovata BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS

BNA


Images, wsp
 Aiton
var. sagittata

1789. Viola sagittata Aiton
1818. Viola sagittata var. emarginata
1827. Viola emarginata (Nutt.) Leconte
Arrow-leaved violet,
Fringed violet
Violette sagittée,
Violette sagittée
  variété sagittée
N.Y. native,
Likely secure
Viola sagittata BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS 
Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp
 Pollard

1898. Viola brittoniana Pollard
1904. Viola pectinata E.P.Bicknell
1952. Viola brittoniana var. pectinata
1992. Viola pedatifida ssp. brittoniana
2010. Viola pedatifida var. brittoniana
Coastal violet,
Coast violet,
Northern coastal violet,
Britton’s violet
N.Y. native,
Endangered,
NYNHP: 1[6]

FAC

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Viola brittoniana BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1
USDA-N0
NEW 
ARS ITIS

NSE BNA


Images, wsp
 Brainerd

1907. Viola hirsutula Brainerd
Southern wood violet,
Southern woodland violet
N.Y. native,
Endangered,
No recent reports
Viola hirsutula BB-1913.png
Viola hirsutula NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-Z
USDA-N0

ARS ITIS

BNA


Images, wsp
Viola sect. Viola subsect. Boreali-Americanae hybrids[edit]
Malpighiales — Violaceae — Violoideae — Violeae — Viola — sect. Viola[1] — subsect. Boreali-Americanae
Violasect. Viola
subsect. Boreali-Americanae
Stemless blue violet hybrids N.Y. Status Images Distribution ?
Greene

Viola affinis ×
Viola sororia

1906. Viola filicetorum Greene
    V. × columbiana House
    V. × consona House
Hybrid of
 LeConte's violet &
 common blue violet
N.Y. native,
Endangered
Ny hybrid.svg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1?
USDA-N0


Trop.

IPN 

Images, wsp
 House (1924)

Viola affinis ×
Viola sagittata

V. × dissena House
Hybrid of
 LeConte's violet &
 arrow-leaved violet
N.Y. native,
Endangered
Ny hybrid.svg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1?
USDA-N0

ITIS




Images, wsp
 House (1924)

Viola affinis ×
Viola triloba

    V. × discors House
    V. × milleri Moldenke
Slavin's violet,
Hybrid of
 LeConte's violet &
 three-lobe violet
N.Y. native,
Endangered
Ny hybrid.svg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1?
USDA-N0

ITIS




Images, wsp
Greene (pro sp.)

Viola sagittata ×
Viola sororia

1899. V. conjugens Greene
1924. V. × parca House
Northern bog violet (hybrid),
Hybrid of
 arrow-leaf violet &
 common blue violet
N.Y. native,
No recent reports
Ny hybrid.svg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-H?
NYFA-U

ITIS




Images, wsp
Greene (pro sp. 1898)

Viola sororia ×
Viola triloba

Peck's violet,
Hybrid of
 common blue violet &
 three-lobe violet
N.Y. native,
No recent reports
Ny hybrid.svg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-H?
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
Greene (pro sp. 1902)

Viola septentrionalis ×
Viola sororia

V. × montivaga House (1924)
Hybrid of
 Northern blue violet &
 common blue violet
N.Y. native,
No recent reports
Ny hybrid.svg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-H?






Images, wsp
 House (1924)

Viola hirsutula ×
Viola × palmata

V. × dissita
Hybrid of
 southern wood violet &
 early blue violet
N.Y. native,
Likely extirpated
Ny hybrid.svg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Zm
USDA-N0

ITIS




Images, wsp
 House (1924)

Viola cucullata ×
Viola sororia

V. × conturbata House
Bissell's violet,
Hybrid of
 marsh blue violet &
 common blue violet
N.Y. native,
Unranked
Ny hybrid.svg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-U
USDA-N0

ITIS




Images, wsp
 House (1924)

Viola affinis ×
Viola hirsutula

V. × dowelliana House
Hybrid of
 LeConte's violet &
 southern wood violet
N.Y. native,
Impersistent
Ny hybrid.svg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-U
USDA-N0






Images, wsp
 House (1924)

Viola affinis ×
Viola cucullata

Hybrid of
 LeConte's violet &
 marsh blue violet
N.Y. native,
Unranked
Ny hybrid.svg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-U
USDA-N0

ITIS




Images, wsp
(Nutt.) Schwein. (pro sp. 1929)

Viola hirsutula ×
Viola sororia

V. × perpera House
Hybrid of
 southern wood violet &
 common blue violet
N.Y. native,
Impersistent
Ny hybrid.svg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Um
USDA-N0

ITIS




Images, wsp
 House (1924)

Viola × palmata ×
Viola sagittata

Hybrid of
 early blue violet &
 arrow-leaf violet
N.Y. native,
Impersistent
Ny hybrid.svg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Um
USDA-N0

ITIS




Images, wsp
Pollard (pro sp. 1902)

Viola brittoniana ×
Viola sagittata

    V. × marylandica House
    V. × holmiana House
Hybrid of
 northern coastal violet &
 arrow-leaf violet
N.Y. native,
Unranked
Ny hybrid.svg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-U
USDA-N0

ITIS




Images, wsp
Bicknell (pro sp. 1904)

Viola brittoniana ×
Viola cucullata

Hybrid of
 northern coastal violet &
 marsh blue violet
N.Y. native,
Unranked
Ny hybrid.svg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-U

ITIS




Images, wsp
 House (1924)

Viola cucullata ×
Viola × palmata

V. × notabilis Bickn.
Ryon's violet,
Hybrid of
 marsh blue violet &
 early blue violet
N.Y. native,
Unranked
Ny hybrid.svg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-U
USDA-N0

ITIS




Images, wsp
Viola affinis × brittoniana
Dowell

Viola affinis ×
Viola brittoniana

1910. Viola affinis × brittoniana Dowell
    
Hybrid of
 LeConte's violet &
 northern coastal violet
N.Y. native,
Unranked
Viola affinis × brittoniana VSI-11.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-






Images, wsp
V. affinis × sagittata var. ovata

Viola affinis ×
Viola sagittata var. ovata

1910. Viola affinis × fimbriatuala Dowell
Hybrid of
 LeConte's violet &
 northern downy violet
N.Y. native,
Unranked
Viola affinis × sagittata var. ovata VSI-12.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-U






Images, wsp
Viola affinis × palmata
Dowell

1910. Viola affinis × palmata Dowell
Hybrid of
 LeConte's violet &
 northern downy violet
N.Y. native,
Unranked
Viola affinis × palmata VSI-13.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-U






Images, wsp
Violasect. Viola
subsect. Boreali-Americanae (excluded taxa)
Stemless blue violet hybrids N.Y. Status Images Distribution X
House

Viola affinis ×
Viola septentrionalis

1924. Viola champlainensis House
Hybrid of
 LeConte's violet &
 northern blue violet
N. America native,
N.Y. excluded
Ny hybrid.svg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-XCLD
USDA-N0

ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp
House

V. hirsutula ×
V. sagittata var. sagittata

1924. Viola × redacta House
1924. Viola dimissa House
Hybrid of
 southern wood violet &
 arrow-leaf violet
N. America native,
N.Y. excluded
Ny hybrid.svg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-XCLD
USDA-N0

ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp
Viola sect. Viola subsect. Pedatae[edit]
Malpighiales — Violaceae — Violoideae — Violeae — Viola — sect. Viola — subsect. Pedatae
Violasubsect. Pedatae Violet N.Y. Status Images Distribution 57
 L.

1753. Viola pedata L.
    Viola pedata var. concolor
    Viola pedata var. lineariloba
    Viola pedata var. ranunculifolia
Birdfoot violet,
Bird's-foot violet,
Crowfoot violet,
Pansy violet
Violette pédalée,
Violette pied-d'oiseau
N.Y. native,
Rare

FACU-UPL

Perennial,
Herb=forb
Bird's Foot Violet (Viola pedata).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-3
USDA-NN
NEW 
ARS ITIS

NSE BNA


Images, wsp
Viola sect. Viola subsect. Rostratae[edit]
Malpighiales — Violaceae — Violoideae — Violeae — Viola — sect. Viola — subsect. Rostratae
Violasect. Viola
subsect. Rostratae
Violet N.Y. Status Images Distribution 57
 Pursh
var. rostrata

1814. Viola rostrata Pursh
    
    
Long-spur violet,
Long-spurred violet
Violette rostrée,
Violette à long éperon
N.Y. native,
Secure

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Viola rostrata BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ARS ITIS
FNA 



Images, wsp
 Sm.
var. adunca

1817. Viola adunca Sm.
    Viola aduncoides
    Viola bellidifolia
    Viola cascadensis
    Viola montanensis
    Viola subvestita
Sand violet,
Hookedspur violet,
Western dog violet
N.Y. native,
Likely secure
Viola adunca 1123.JPG
Viola adunca var adunca NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4
USDA-NN

ARS 




Images, wsp
 Schrank

1818. Viola labradorica Schrank
1823. Viola conspersa Rchb.
Alpine violet,
American dog violet,
Labrador violet,
Violette décombante,
Violette du labrador
N.Y. native,
Vulnerable
Alpine Violet Viola labradorica Plant 3008px.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-3-5
USDA-NN

ARS 




Images, wsp
 Aiton (1789)

Striped cream violet,
Cream-white violet,
Pale violet
N.Y. native,
Vulnerable
Viola striata GotBot 2015 002.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-3-4
USDA-NN

ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
 H.E.Ballard (1989)
[ labradorica × striata ]

Hybrid American dog violet
  & striped cream violet
N.Y. native,
Unranked
Nymap.svg
NYFA-U
USDA-NN

ITIS




Images, wsp
 House
[ labradorica × rostrata ]

Hybrid American dog violet
  & long-spur violet
N.Y. native,
Unranked
Nymap.svg
NYFA-U
USDA-NN

ITIS




Images, wsp
Viola sect. Viola subsect. Viola[edit]
Malpighiales — Violaceae — Violoideae — Violeae — Viola — sect. Viola — subsect. Viola
Violasect. Viola
subsect. Viola
Violet N.Y. Status Images Distribution 57
 L.

English violet,
Sweet violet
Introduced Viola odorata fg01.JPG
Viola odorata NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX






Images, wsp

Family Passifloraceae[edit]

The Passifloraceae (passion-flower family) ...

Subfamily Passifloroideae[edit]

Tribe Passifloreae[edit]

Genus Passiflora[edit]
Malpighiales — Passifloraceae — Passifloroideae — Passifloreae — Passiflora
Passiflora (excluded species) Passionflower N.Y. Status Images Distribution X
L.

1753. Passiflora incarnata L.
1787. Granadilla incarnata (L.) Medik.
1826. Passiflora kerii Spreng.
1871. Passiflora edulis var. kerii
Purple passionflower N. America native,
N.Y. excluded
Passiflora incarnata flower.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-XCLD
USDA-N0

ARS 
Trop.



Images, wsp

References[edit]