Flora of New York/Violaceae

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Malpighiales (1):
Hypericaceae, Podostemaceae, Elatinaceae
Flora of New York — Malpighiales (2) : Violaceae
Malpighiales (3):
Salicaceae
Table of
contents
Genus
index
Protected species index Invasive species index


Order Family Subfamily Tribe Genus Common names #
Malpighiales Hypericaceae Hypericeae Triadenum marsh St. John's wort 2
Hypericum St. John's wort 18
Podostemaceae Podostemoideae Podostemum river weed 1
Elatinaceae Elatine water wort 3
Violaceae Violoideae Violeae Hybanthus greenviolet 1
Viola violet 57
Salicaceae Salicoideae Populus cottonwood, aspen, poplar 11
Salix willow 36
Euphorbiaceae Acalyphoideae Acalypheae Acalypha copperleaf, three-seed mercury 4
Mercurialis herb mercury 1
Ricinus castor bean 1
Crotonoideae Crotoneae Croton rushfoil, hogwort 1
Euphorbioideae Euphorbieae Euphorbia spurge, sandmat 21
Linaceae Linoideae Lineae Linum flax 9

Family Violaceae[edit]

The Violaceae (violet family) ...

Subfamily Violoideae[edit]

Tribe Violeae[edit]

Genus Hybanthus[edit]

Of the four species of Hybanthus (greenviolets) that are native to North America, only Hybanthus concolor (the eastern greenviolet) has been discovered outside of cultivation in New York.

Malpighiales – fam. Violaceae – subfam. Violoideae – tribe Violeae – genus Hybanthus
Hybanthus Greenviolet N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(T.F.Forst.) Spreng.

1802. Viola concolor T.F.Forst.
1819. Ionidium sprengleianum
Roem. & Schult.
1824. Hybanthus concolor Spreng.
1824. Solea concolor Ging.
1878. Ionidium concolor S.Watson
1897. Cubelium concolor
ex Britton & A.Br. Raf.
Green-violet,
Eastern greenviolet,
Nodding violet

Hybanthe à fleurs verdâtres,
Hybanthe
Native, CoC: 8,
Vulnerable

WL: FACU

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Hybanthus concolor BB-1913.png
Hybanthus concolor nymap.svg
NYFA-3-4
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.

LBJ

Images, wsp
Genus Viola[edit]

The Viola genus has about 50 species found outside of cultivation in New York. The majority of the species are native to the region, though a few are escaped garden exotics. The subgeneric organization used here is is largely based on Ballard (1999).[1]

Violets are often divided into two groups based on the presence of a stem that is shared between the flowers and leaves. "Stemmed" or "caulescent" means that the flowers and leaves share an above-ground stem, whereas "stemless" or "acaulescent" violets have separate petioles (attached to the leaves) and peduncles (attached to the flowers) that arise from an underground rootstock.

Viola sect. Canadenses[edit]

Viola sect. Canadenses contains the stemmed white violet, Viola canadensis.

Malpighiales – fam. Violaceae – subfam. Violoideae – tribe Violeae – genus Violasect. Canadenses
Violasect. Canadenses Violet N.Y. Status Images Distribution 57
 L.
var. canadensis

1753. Viola canadensis L.
1836. Lophion canadense (L.) Spach
1841. Viola scouleri Dougl. ex Steud.
1938. V. canadensis var. corymbosa Nutt.
Canada violet,
Canadian white violet
Native, CoC: 9,
Secure

WL: FACU

Perennial,
Herb-forb,
Sun
Viola canadensis (Orvokki) Kanadaviol C DSC03075.JPG
Viola canadensis var canadensis nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ARS ITIS


LBJ

Images, wsp
Viola sect. Chamaemelanium[edit]

The Viola section Chamaemelanium Ging. contains the stemmed yellow violets in subsection Nudicaules.

Malpighiales – fam. Violaceae – subfam. Violoideae – tribe Violeae – genus Violasect. Chamaemelanium[1]
Violasect. Chamaemelaniumsubsect. Nudicaules Violet N.Y. Status Images Distribution 57
 Aiton
var. pubescens

1789. Viola pubescens Aiton
1803. Viola pensylvanica Michx.
1818. V. pubescens var. eriocarpa
1822. Viola eriocarpon Schwein.
1914. Crocion pubescens Nieuwland
1914. Crocion eriocarpum Nieuwland
Downy yellow violet,
Smooth yellow violet,
Hairy yellow violet,
Yellow forest violet

Violette pubescente
Native, CoC: 7,
Secure

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Viola pubescens 5472129.jpg
Viola pubescens var pubescens nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW 
ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
 Aiton
var. scabriuscula Torr. & A.Gray

1901. V. scabriuscula Shafer
1922. V. eriocarpa var. leiocarpa
1938. V. pubescens var. scabriuscula
1940. V. eriocarpa fo. leiocarpa
1941. V. pensylvanica var. leiocarpoa
1967. V. pubescens var. leiocarpa
Downy yellow violet,
Smooth yellow violet,
Yellow forest violet,
Common yellow violet
Native, CoC: 7,
Unranked

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Viola pubescens var. scabriuscula, 2015-04-26, Kane Woods, 01.jpg
Viola pubescens var scabriuscula nymap.svg
NYFA-U
USDA-NN
NEW 
ITIS




Images, wsp
 Aiton
var. peckii House

1923. Viola pubescens var. peckii House
Downy yellow violet,
Peck's yellow violet
Native,
Unranked

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Viola pubescens 5472128.jpg
Viola pubescens var peckii nymap.svg
NYFA-U
USDA-N0

ITIS




Images, wsp
 Michx.

1803. Viola hastata Michx.
1813. Viola trifida Spreng.
1822. Viola hirta Schwein. (ambig.)
Halberdleaf yellow violet,
Halberd-leaved yellow violet
Introduced from
 southern U.S.A,
Excluded

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Viola hastata BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-EXCLD
USDA-N0

ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
Viola sect. Orbiculares[edit]

Viola sect. Orbiculares contains the stemless yellow violet Viola rotundifolia.

Malpighiales – fam. Violaceae – subfam. Violoideae – tribe Violeae – genus Violasect. Orbiculares
Violasect. Orbiculares Violet N.Y. Status Images Distribution 57
 Michx. (1803)

Roundleaf yellow violet,
Round-leaved violet,
Violette à feuilles rondes
Native, CoC: 7,
Secure
Round-leaf Yellow Violet (4506716756).jpg
Viola rotundifolia nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
Viola sect. Plagiostigma[edit]

Sect. Plagiostigma contains stemless white-flowered violets.

Malpighiales – fam. Violaceae – subfam. Violoideae – tribe Violeae – genus Violasect. Plagiostigma[1]
Violasubsect. Adnatae Violet N.Y. Status Images Distribution 57
 Pursh ex Goldie

1822. Viola selkirkii Pursh ex Goldie
    
    
Great-spurred violet,
Long-spurred violet,
Selkirk's violet

Violette de Selkirk
Native,
Secure
Viola selkirkii flower 1 AB.jpg
Viola selkirkii nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW 
ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
Violasubsect. Stolonosae Violet N.Y. Status Images Distribution 57
 Willd.

1804. Viola blanda Willd. (i)
1905. Viola incognita Brainerd
    
Sweet white violet,
Large-leaf white violet,
Willdenow's violet,
Woodland-white violet,
Violette méconnue
Native, CoC: 6,
Unranked

WL: FACW

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Viola blanda WFNY-139B.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-U
USDA-NN

ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
 L. (1753)
ssp. lanceolata

Bog white violet,
Lance-leaved violet,
Lance-leaved water violet
Native,
Secure
Viola lanceolata 5497265.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN

ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
 F.E.Lloyd

1824. Viola rotundifolia var. pallens
1895. Viola macloskeyi F.E.Lloyd
1905. Viola pallens (-) Brainerd
1925. Viola blanda var. macloskeyi
1938. Viola pallens var. subreptans
1953. Viola macloskeyi ssp. pallens
1961. Viola macloskeyi var. pallens
1982. Viola blanda ssp. macloskeyi
Small white violet,
Smooth white violet,
Sweet white violet,
Northern white violet,
Macloskey's violet

Violette pâle,
Violette minuscule,
Violette de macloskey
Native,
Secure
Viola macloskeyi 5496701.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.
NSE BNA


Images, wsp
 A.Gray

Kidney-leaf white violet,
Kidney-leaved white violet,
Northern white violet,
White violet,
Violette réniforme
Native,
Secure
Viola renifolia 1215055.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
 L.
var. primulifolia

1753. Viola primulifolia L.
1829. Viola primulifolia var. villosa
1838. Viola primulifolia var. acuta
1955. Viola primulifolia ssp. villosa
Primrose-leaf violet,
Primrose-leaved violet
Native,
Threatened,
NYNHP: 2[2]
Viola primulifolia WFNY-140A-4x3.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-2
USDA-N0
NEW 
ARS ITIS
Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp
 House

Viola lanceolata ×
Viola primulifolia

1910. V. lanceolata × primulifolia Dowell
1924. Viola × modesta House
Hybrid bog white violet violet
 & primrose-leaf violet
Native,
No recent reports
Viola lanceolata WFNY-140B.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-H?
USDA-N0

ARS ITIS
Trop.

IPN 

Images, wsp
House (pro. hybr.)[3]

Viola lanceolata ×
Viola macloskeyi

1921. Viola lanceolata × pallens House
1924. Viola × sublanceolata House
 auct. Viola primulifolianon L. (1753)
Lance-leaved violet,
Lanceleaf violet,
Primose-leaved violet

Violette sublancéolée
Native,
Impersistent
Viola lanceolata WFNY-140B.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Um
USDA-NN
NEW-0Can
ITIS
Trop.
NSE BNA


Images, wsp
 House

Viola macloskeyi ×
Viola primulifolia

1924. Viola × mollicula House
Hybrid small white violet
 & primrose-leaf violet
Native,
Impersistent
Viola macloskeyi.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Um
USDA-N0

ITIS




Images, wsp
  1. BioLib.cz Viola sect. Plagiostigma
  2. New York Natural Heritage Program. 2016. Online Conservation Guide for Viola primulifolia. Threatened, S2/G5.
  3. Homer D. House (1924) Annotated List of the Ferns and Flowering Plants of New York State, page 508.
Viola sect. Melanium[edit]

The Viola section Melanium contains plants commonly known as pansies.

Malpighiales – fam. Violaceae – subfam. Violoideae – tribe Violeae – genus Violasect. Melanium[1]
Violasect. Melanium Pansy N.Y. Status Images Distribution 57
 Pursh

 auct. V. kitaibeliana non Schult.
    V. kitaibeliana var. rafinesquei
    V. rafinesquei Greene
Field pansy Native,
Endangered,
Note[2]
Viola bicolor - Field Pansy.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
 Murray

European field pansy,
Small wild pansy
Introduced
Viola arvensis 1.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XW






Images, wsp

Johnny jumpup,
Three colored violet
Introduced
Violette Viola Tricolor.jpg
Nymap.svg







Images, wsp
  1. BioLib.cz - Viola sect. Melanium
  2. Native status of Viola bicolor is not clear. May be an introduction of the European Viola kitaibeliana Schult. or a New World relative of that species. NYFA
Viola sect. Viola subsect. Boreali-Americanae[edit]

The taxa of Viola subsection Boreali-Americanae W.Becker are native exclusively to North America (including northern Mexico). They are commonly referred to as the "stemless (or acaulescent) blue violets", as the leaf petioles and flower peduncles arise directly from the rhizome instead of from a shared above-ground stem. Their classification has long been in flux, partially due to apparent introgressive hybridization within the subsection.[1]

Malpighiales – fam. Violaceae – subfam. Violoideae – tribe Violeae – genus Violasect. Viola[2]subsect. Boreali-Americanae
Violasect. Viola
subsect. Boreali-Americanae
Stemless blue violets N.Y. Status Images Distribution 57
 Willd.

1809. Viola sororia Willd.
1814. Viola papilionacea Pursh
1838. Viola cucullata var. sororia
1898. Viola septentrionalis Greene
1898. Viola palmata var. sororia
1901. Viola nodosa Greene
1902. Viola latiuscula Greene
1910. Viola chalcosperma Brainerd
Common blue violet,
Woolly blue violet,
Hairy blue violet,
Downy blue violet,
Hooded blue violet,
Common violet,
Sister violet

Violette parente,
Violette septentrionale
Native, CoC: 3,
Secure

WL: FAC

Annual,
Perennial,
Herb-forb
Viola sororia 5496713.jpg
Viola sororia nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.
NSE BNA
IPN 

Images, wsp
 Greene
= Viola sororia

Northern blue violet,
Northern woodland violet,
Northern bog violet

Violette septentrionale
Native,
Secure
Viola septentrionalis BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS

BNA


Images, wsp
 Leconte

1826. Viola affinis Leconte
1902. Viola arizonica Greene
1939. Viola nephrophylla var. arizonica
1992. Viola sororia var. affinis
1996. Viola sororia ssp. affinis
Sand violet,
Le Conte's violet,
Arizona bog violet,
Common blue violet,
Thin-leaved blue violet

Violette affine
Native,
Secure

WL: FACW

Annual,
Perennial,
Herb-forb
Viola affinis 5496758.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.
NSE BNA


Images
 House

1904. Viola novae-angliae House
1935. Viola septentrionalis var. grisea
1992. Viola sororia var. novae-angliae
1997. Viola novae-angliae ssp. grisea
2010. Viola sororia var. grisea
New England violet,
New England blue violet

Violette de
 Nouvelle-Angleterre,
Violette de la
 Nouvelle-Angleterre
Native,
Endangered,
NYNHP: 1[3]
Viola novae-angliae BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.
NSE BNA


Images, wsp
 Greene

1896. Viola nephrophylla Greene
1896. Viola cognata Greene
1940. Viola maccabeiana M.S.Baker
1961. Viola nephrophylla var. cognata
Northern bog violet,
Wanderer violet,
Sand violet,
Blue meadow violet

Violette néphrophylle,
Violete des calcaires
Native,
Endangered,
NYNHP: 1[4]
Viola nephrophylla (4600731762) 4x3.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp
 Aiton

1768. Viola obliqua Hill
1789. Viola cucullata Aiton
1886. Viola palmata var. cucullata
Marsh blue violet,
Blue marsh violet,
Longstem marsh violet

Violette cucullée,
Violette dressée
Native,
Secure
Viola cucullata NRCS-1.jpg
Viola cucullata NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS 

BNA


Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Viola palmata L.
1817. Viola esculenta Elliott
1822. Viola triloba Schwein.
1867. Viola cucullata var. palmata
1897. Viola porteriana Pollard
1899. Viola falcata Greene
1901. Viola viarum Pollard
1905. Viola stoneana House
1910. Viola lovelliana Brainerd
1924. Viola festata House
Early blue violet,
Three-lobe violet,
Palmate-leaf violet,
Wood violet,
Crowfoot violet,
Cleft violet

Violette palmée
Native,
Secure
Viola palmata a1.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp
 (Greene) Greene

1898. Viola emarginata var. subsinuata
1898. Viola pedatifida var. bernardii
1899. Viola subsinuata Greene
1902. Viola angelliae Pollard
1903. Viola × bernardii Greene
1904. Viola palmata var. angelliae
 auct. Viola palmatanon L
Palmate-leaved violet,
Early blue violet,
Bernard's violet,
Bernard violet,
Pale violet,
Wavy-leaved violet,
Greene's Violet[5]
Native,
Secure

WL: FACU

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-N0
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp
 Aiton
var. ovata (Nutt.) Torr. & A. Gray

1817. Viola fimbriatula Sm.
1818. Viola ovata Nutt.
1838. Viola sagittata var. ovata
Arrowleaf violet,
Arrow-leaved violet,
Ovate-leaved violet,
Sand violet,
Fringed violet,
Fimbriate violet

Violette à feuilles frangées
Native,
Likely secure
Viola sagittata var ovata BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS

BNA


Images, wsp
 Aiton
var. sagittata

1789. Viola sagittata Aiton
1818. Viola sagittata var. emarginata
1827. Viola emarginata (Nutt.) Leconte
Arrow-leaved violet,
Fringed violet

Violette sagittée,
Violette sagittée
  variété sagittée
Native,
Likely secure
Viola sagittata BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS 
Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp
 Pollard

1898. Viola brittoniana Pollard
1904. Viola pectinata E.P.Bicknell
1952. Viola brittoniana var. pectinata
1992. Viola pedatifida ssp. brittoniana
2010. Viola pedatifida var. brittoniana
Coastal violet,
Coast violet,
Northern coastal violet,
Britton’s violet
Native,
Endangered,
NYNHP: 1[6]

WL: FAC

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Viola brittoniana BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1
USDA-N0
NEW 
ARS ITIS

NSE BNA


Images, wsp
 Brainerd

1907. Viola hirsutula Brainerd
Southern wood violet,
Southern woodland violet
Native,
Endangered,
No recent reports
Viola hirsutula BB-1913.png
Viola hirsutula NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-Z
USDA-N0

ARS ITIS

BNA


Images, wsp
Viola sect. Viola subsect. Boreali-Americanae hybrids[edit]
Malpighiales – fam. Violaceae – subfam. Violoideae – tribe Violeae – genus Violasect. Viola[1]subsect. Boreali-Americanae
Violasect. Viola
subsect. Boreali-Americanae
Stemless blue violets N.Y. Status Images Distribution 57
Greene (pro sp. 1906)

Viola affinis ×
Viola sororia

V. × columbiana HouseV. × consona House
Hybrid of
 sand violet &
 common blue violet
Native,
Endangered
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1?
USDA-N0






Images, wsp
 House (1924)

Viola affinis ×
Viola sagittata

V. × dissena House
Hybrid of
 sand violet &
 arrow-leaved violet
Native,
Endangered
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1?
USDA-N0

ITIS




Images, wsp
 House (1924)

Viola affinis ×
Viola triloba

V. × discors HouseV. × milleri Moldenke
Slavin's violet,
Hybrid of
 sand violet &
 three-lobe violet
Native,
Endangered
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1?
USDA-N0

ITIS




Images, wsp
Greene (pro sp. 1899)

Viola sagittata ×
Viola sororia

V. × parca House (1924)
Northern bog violet (hybrid),
Hybrid of
 arrow-leaf violet &
 common blue violet
Native,
No recent reports
Nymap.svg
NYFA-H?
NYFA-U

ITIS




Images, wsp
Greene (pro sp. 1898)

Viola sororia ×
Viola triloba

Peck's violet,
Hybrid of
 common blue violet &
 three-lobe violet
Native,
No recent reports
Nymap.svg
NYFA-H?
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
Greene (pro sp. 1902)

Viola septentrionalis ×
Viola sororia

V. × montivaga House (1924)
Hybrid of
 Northern blue violet &
 common blue violet
Native,
No recent reports
Nymap.svg
NYFA-H?






Images, wsp
 House (1924)

Viola hirsutula ×
Viola × palmata

V. × dissita
Hybrid of
 southern wood violet &
 early blue violet
Native,
Likely extirpated
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Zm
USDA-N0

ITIS




Images, wsp
 House (1924)

Viola cucullata ×
Viola sororia

V. × conturbata House
Bissell's violet,
Hybrid of
 marsh blue violet &
 common blue violet
Native,
Unranked
Nymap.svg
NYFA-U
USDA-N0

ITIS




Images, wsp
House (1924)

Viola affinis ×
Viola septentrionalis

Hybrid of
 sand violet &
 northern blue violet
Native,
Impersistent
Nymap.svg
NYFA-U






Images, wsp
 House (1924)

Viola affinis ×
Viola hirsutula

V. × dowelliana House
Hybrid of
 sand violet &
 southern wood violet
Native,
Impersistent
Nymap.svg
NYFA-U
USDA-N0






Images, wsp
 House (1924)

Viola affinis ×
Viola cucullata

Hybrid of
 sand violet &
 marsh blue violet
Native,
Unranked
Nymap.svg
NYFA-U
USDA-N0

ITIS




Images, wsp
(Nutt.) Schwein. (pro sp. 1929)

Viola hirsutula ×
Viola sororia

V. × perpera House
Hybrid of
 southern wood violet &
 common blue violet
Native,
Impersistent
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Um
USDA-N0

ITIS




Images, wsp
 House (1924)

Viola × palmata ×
Viola sagittata

Hybrid of
 early blue violet &
 arrow-leaf violet
Native,
Impersistent
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Um
USDA-N0

ITIS




Images, wsp
Pollard (pro sp. 1902)

Viola brittoniana ×
Viola sagittata

V. × marylandica HouseV. × holmiana House
Hybrid of
 northern coastal violet &
 arrow-leaf violet
Native,
Unranked
Nymap.svg
NYFA-U
USDA-N0

ITIS




Images, wsp
Bicknell (pro sp. 1904)

Viola brittoniana ×
Viola cucullata

Hybrid of
 northern coastal violet &
 marsh blue violet
Native,
Unranked
Nymap.svg
NYFA-U

ITIS




Images, wsp
 House (1924)

Viola hirsutula ×
Viola sagittata

V. × dimissa House
Hybrid of
 southern wood violet &
 arrow-leaf violet
Native,
Unranked
Nymap.svg
NYFA-U
USDA-N0

ITIS




Images, wsp
 House (1924)

Viola cucullata ×
Viola × palmata

V. × notabilis Bickn.
Ryon's violet,
Hybrid of
 marsh blue violet &
 early blue violet
Native,
Unranked
Nymap.svg
NYFA-U
USDA-N0

ITIS




Images, wsp
Viola sect. Viola subsect. Pedatae[edit]
Malpighiales – fam. Violaceae – subfam. Violoideae – tribe Violeae – genus Violasect. Violasubsect. Pedatae
Violasubsect. Pedatae Violet N.Y. Status Images Distribution 57
 L.

1753. Viola pedata L.
    Viola pedata var. concolor
    Viola pedata var. lineariloba
    Viola pedata var. ranunculifolia
Birdfoot violet,
Bird's-foot violet,
Crowfoot violet,
Pansy violet

Violette pédalée,
Violette pied-d'oiseau
Native,
Rare

WL: FACU-UPL

Perennial,
Herb=forb
Bird's Foot Violet (Viola pedata).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-3
USDA-NN
NEW 
ARS ITIS

NSE BNA


Images, wsp
Viola sect. Viola subsect. Rostratae[edit]
Malpighiales – fam. Violaceae – subfam. Violoideae – tribe Violeae – genus Violasect. Violasubsect. Rostratae
Violasect. Viola
subsect. Rostratae
Violet N.Y. Status Images Distribution 57
 Pursh
var. rostrata

1814. Viola rostrata Pursh
    
    
Long-spur violet,
Long-spurred violet

Violette rostrée,
Violette à long éperon
Native,
Secure

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ARS ITIS
FNA 



Images, wsp
 Sm.
var. adunca

1817. Viola adunca Sm.
    Viola aduncoides
    Viola bellidifolia
    Viola cascadensis
    Viola montanensis
    Viola subvestita
Sand violet,
Hookedspur violet,
Western dog violet
Native,
Likely secure
Viola adunca 1123.JPG
Viola adunca var adunca NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4
USDA-NN

ARS 




Images, wsp
 Schrank

1818. Viola labradorica Schrank
1823. Viola conspersa Rchb.
Alpine violet,
American dog violet,
Labrador violet,
Violette décombante,
Violette du labrador
Native,
Vulnerable
Alpine Violet Viola labradorica Plant 3008px.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-3-5
USDA-NN

ARS 




Images, wsp
 Aiton (1789)

Striped cream violet,
Cream-white violet,
Pale violet
Native,
Vulnerable
Viola striata GotBot 2015 002.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-3-4
USDA-NN

ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
 H.E.Ballard (1989)
[ labradorica × striata ]

Hybrid American dog violet
  & striped cream violet
Native,
Unranked
Nymap.svg
NYFA-U
USDA-NN

ITIS




Images, wsp
 House
[ labradorica × rostrata ]

Hybrid American dog violet
  & long-spur violet
Native,
Unranked
Nymap.svg
NYFA-U
USDA-NN

ITIS




Images, wsp
Viola sect. Viola subsect. Viola[edit]
Malpighiales – fam. Violaceae – subfam. Violoideae – tribe Violeae – genus Violasect. Violasubsect. Viola
Violasect. Viola
subsect. Viola
Violet N.Y. Status Images Distribution 57
 L.

English violet,
Sweet violet
Introduced
Viola odorata fg01.JPG
Viola odorata NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX






Images, wsp

Family Passifloraceae[edit]

The Passifloraceae (passion-flower family) ...

Subfamily Passifloroideae[edit]

Tribe Passifloreae[edit]

Genus Passiflora[edit]
Malpighiales – fam. Passifloraceae – subfam. Passifloroideae – tribe Passifloreae – genus Passiflora
Passiflora (excluded species) Passionflower N.Y. Status Images Distribution X
L.

1753. Passiflora incarnata L.
1787. Granadilla incarnata (L.) Medik.
1826. Passiflora kerii Spreng.
1871. Passiflora edulis var. kerii
Purple passionflower N. America native,
Excluded
Passiflora incarnata flower.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-EXCLD
USDA-N0

ARS 
Trop.



Images, wsp