Persian/Lesson 10

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Iran

Afghanistan

Tajikistan

فارسی (‹fârsi›, “Persian”)
Learn the Persian language
ContentsIntroduction
Persian Alphabet lessons: 1 ( ۱ )2 ( ۲ )3 ( ۳ )4 ( ۴ )
Elementary grammar: 5 ( ۵ )6 ( ۶ )7 ( ۷ )8 ( ۸ )9 ( ۹ )
10 ( ۱۰ )11 ( ۱۱ )12 ( ۱۲ )13 ( ۱۳ )14 ( ۱۴ )15 ( ۱۵ )
Intermediate: 16 ( ۱۶ )17 ( ۱۷ )18 ( ۱۸ )19 ( ۱۹ )20 ( ۲۰ )
21 ( ۲۱ )22 ( ۲۲ )23 ( ۲۳ )24 ( ۲۴ )25 ( ۲۵ )26 ( ۲۶ )
Advanced:
Appendix: AlphabetGlossaryHandwriting

Farsi

To continue, your computer must display Persian. The box below should show these Persian letters on the far right: Paa-individua.svgBaa-individua.svgAlif-individua.svg
ا ب پ ت ث ج چ ح خ د ذ ر ز ژ س ش ص ض ط ظ ع غ ف ق ک گ ل م ن و ه ی

If they are different or in the wrong order, see Persian Computing.


In this lesson, you will learn how use prepositions and the definite direct object marker in Persian.


Dialogue: ... ‹...›[edit]

... and... are talking....

X: ‹...›
“...”
...
Missing audio Missing audio. If you are fluent in Persian, record and upload your voice.
...:
Y: ‹...›
“...”
...
Missing audio Missing audio. If you are fluent in Persian, record and upload your voice.
...:

Explanation

... and ....

Vocabulary

درس 10

ه
ش
سهdrie
نامهletter
بهnaar
مد يرdirecteur
سبزيgroente
بيمارziek, patient
نوستنschrijven
مي نويسدhij schrijft
شسستنwassen
ريختنgieten
مي ريزدhij giet
پاك كردن - schoonmaken
كشكyoghurtsoort
آشsoep
داشتنhebben
رشتهmacaroni soort
اكرم سه روز بيمار بودAkram was drie dagen ziek
مادر اكرم نامه نوشتDe moeder van Akram schrijft een brief
اكرم آش درست كردAkram maakt soep
مادر امين سبزي را شستDe moeder van Amin wast de groente
او در آش كشك و سبزي مي ريزذ - Zij doet (soort yoghurt) en de groente in de soep
مادر امين سبزي را شستAmin en Akram houden van soep

Direct objects[edit]

The word را Look up را in Wiktionary ‹râ› marks definite direct objects in Persian. That is,

Colloquially, را is pronounced ‹ro› after a vowel or ‹o› after a consonant.

In written Persian, من را ‹man râ› may contract to مارا ‹mârâ› , but colloquially pronounced ‹mano›. Similarly, written تو را ‹to râ› can contract to تورا ‹torâ› but colloquially pronounced ‹toro›.

Review[edit]

Next: Lesson 11 ( ۱۱ ), Present tense

Continue to Lesson 11 ( ۱۱ ), Present tense >>

ContentsIntroduction

Persian Alphabet lessons: 1 ( ۱ )2 ( ۲ )3 ( ۳ )4 ( ۴ )
Elementary grammar: 5 ( ۵ )6 ( ۶ )7 ( ۷ )8 ( ۸ )9 ( ۹ )
10 ( ۱۰ )11 ( ۱۱ )12 ( ۱۲ )13 ( ۱۳ )14 ( ۱۴ )15 ( ۱۵ )
Intermediate: 16 ( ۱۶ )17 ( ۱۷ )18 ( ۱۸ )19 ( ۱۹ )20 ( ۲۰ )
21 ( ۲۱ )22 ( ۲۲ )23 ( ۲۳ )24 ( ۲۴ )25 ( ۲۵ )26 ( ۲۶ )
Advanced:
Appendix: AlphabetGlossaryHandwriting


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