Handbook of Management Scales/Prudence
Prudence (CR = 0.75)
Hofstede's five cultural factors are reconceptualized as ten personal cultural orientations: independence, interdependence, power, social inequality, masculinity, gender equality, risk aversion, ambiguity intolerance, tradition, and prudence. A new 40-item scale is developed to measure these personal cultural orientations. Much effort has been invested in ensuring validity, reliability, and cross-cultural measurement equivalence of the new scale.
Prudence is defined as a personal cultural orientation that represents planning, perseverance, thrift, and future orientation.
- I believe in planning for the long term. (0.78)
- I work hard for success in the future. (0.76)
- I am willing to give up today’s fun for success in the future. (0.75)
- I do not give up easily even if I do not succeed on my first attempt. (0.72)