Handbook of Management Scales/Prudence

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Prudence (CR = 0.75)[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

Hofstede's five cultural factors are reconceptualized as ten personal cultural orientations: independence, interdependence, power, social inequality, masculinity, gender equality, risk aversion, ambiguity intolerance, tradition, and prudence. A new 40-item scale is developed to measure these personal cultural orientations. Much effort has been invested in ensuring validity, reliability, and cross-cultural measurement equivalence of the new scale.

Definition[edit | edit source]

Prudence is defined as a personal cultural orientation that represents planning, perseverance, thrift, and future orientation.

Items[edit | edit source]

  • I believe in planning for the long term. (0.78)
  • I work hard for success in the future. (0.76)
  • I am willing to give up today’s fun for success in the future. (0.75)
  • I do not give up easily even if I do not succeed on my first attempt. (0.72)

Source[edit | edit source]