Handbook of Management Scales/Interdependence

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Interdependence (CR = 0.78)[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

Hofstede's five cultural factors are reconceptualized as ten personal cultural orientations: independence, interdependence, power, social inequality, masculinity, gender equality, risk aversion, ambiguity intolerance, tradition, and prudence. A new 40-item scale is developed to measure these personal cultural orientations. Much effort has been invested in ensuring validity, reliability, and cross-cultural measurement equivalence of the new scale.

Definition[edit | edit source]

Interdependence is defined as a personal cultural orientation associated with acting as a part of one or more in-groups, a strong group identity, a sense of belongingness, reliance on others, giving importance to group-goals over own individual goals, and collective achievement.

Items[edit | edit source]

  • The well-being of my group members is important for me. (0.77)
  • I feel good when I cooperate with my group members. (0.75)
  • It is my duty to take care of my family members, whatever it takes. (0.72)
  • Family members should stick together, even if they do not agree. (0.69)

Source[edit | edit source]