Chess Opening Theory/1. e4/1...e5/2. Nf3/2...Nc6/3. d4/3...exd4
The main line is the natural move 4. Nxd4. White physically occupies the center and Black will probably attack it with 4...Bc5 or 4...Nf6.
White has also two other options.
- 4. Bc4, the Scotch Gambit. White leaves the pawn in peace and tries to establish attacking pressure with a lead in development.
- 4. c3, the Göring Gambit. A gambit that is quite similar to the Danish Gambit.
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- Batsford Chess Openings 2 (1989, 1994). Garry Kasparov, Raymond Keene. ISBN 0-8050-3409-9.