Chess Opening Theory/1. d4/1...d5

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Closed Game
a b c d e f g h
8 a8 b8 c8 d8 e8 f8 g8 h8 8
7 a7 b7 c7 d7 e7 f7 g7 h7 7
6 a6 b6 c6 d6 e6 f6 g6 h6 6
5 a5 b5 c5 d5 e5 f5 g5 h5 5
4 a4 b4 c4 d4 e4 f4 g4 h4 4
3 a3 b3 c3 d3 e3 f3 g3 h3 3
2 a2 b2 c2 d2 e2 f2 g2 h2 2
1 a1 b1 c1 d1 e1 f1 g1 h1 1
a b c d e f g h
Position in Forsyth-Edwards Notation (FEN)
Moves: 1. d4 d5
ECO code: D00-D69

Closed Game[edit | edit source]

1...d5[edit | edit source]

With 1...d5, Black begins to fight for the center in the traditional fashion, by occupying it with pawns. 1...d5 opens a diagonal for the development of the light-squared black bishop, and it also discourages, though does not definitively prevent, an immediate 2. e4. If White plays e4 immediately, they initiate the Blackmar-Diemer gambit, which is considered dubious against best play.

Theory table[edit | edit source]

For explanation of theory tables, see theory table and for notation, see algebraic notation.

1. d4 d5

White's main options are now:

Queen's Gambit c4
Zukertort Variation Nf3
Mason Variation Bf4
Levitsky Attack Bg5
Chigorin Variation Nc3
Queen's Pawn Game e3
Blackmar-Diemer Gambit e4
Amazon Attack Qd3
Queen's Bongcloud Kd2?

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References[edit | edit source]

  • Nunn's Chess Openings. 1999. John Nunn (Editor), Graham Burgess, John Emms, Joe Gallagher. ISBN 1-8574-4221-0.
  • Modern Chess Openings: MCO-14. 1999. Nick de Firmian, Walter Korn. ISBN 0-8129-3084-3.