Flora of New York/Proteales…Saxifragales

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Ranunculales
Flora of New York: Proteales, Buxales,
Hamamelidales, Saxifragales

Vitales, Zygophyllales
Table of
contents
Genus
index
Protected species index Invasive species index


Order Proteales[edit]

The order Proteales...

Nelumbo lutea, Sodus Bay, 1916

Family Nelumbonaceae[edit]

The Nelumbonaceae (lotus family) has two species of aquatic plants found in New York. Nelumbo nucifera is from tropical Asia, and Nelumbo lutea is a North American native that was probably introduced to New York from further south prior to widespread European settlement.

Nelumbonaceae
Nelumbo Lotus N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 Willd. (1799)

 (=) Nelumbium lutea 
 (=) Nelumbo pentapetala 
American lotus,
Great yellow water-lily,
Water-chinquapin,
Yellow lotus
Introduced,
N. America native,
Rare[1]
Nelumbo lutea (2).jpg
Nelumbo lutea nymap.svg
NYFA-X
NRCS-NN

ARS ITIS
FNA
Images
 Gaertn. (1788)

 (=) Nelumbium nelumbo 
 (=) Nelumbium speciosum 
 (=) Nelumbo speciosa 
East Indian lotus,
Oriental lotus,
Pink lotus,
Sacred bean,
Sacred lotus
Introduced,
No specimens,
Invasive[2]
Nelumbo nucifera 001.JPG
NYFA-X
NRCS-X0

ARS 
FNA
Images
  1. Early botanists considered Nelumbo lutea to be native to the area around Sodus Bay, but it may have been cultivated there by Native Americans using plants brought from the South. It is now extirpated from that area, but naturalized pants persist elsewhere in the state.
  2. Nelumbo nucifera is likely to become invasive if introduced on Long Island.[1]

Family Platanaceae[edit]

The Platanaceae (sycamore family) ...

Platanaceae
Platanus Sycamore N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 L.

 (=) P. occidentalis var. glabrata 
Sycamore,
American plane-tree,
Platane d'Amérique
Native,
Secure
Platanus occidentalis N.Amer.Sylva.png
Platanus occidentalis NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN



Images
 (Ait.) Willd.
[ occidentalis × orientalis ]

 (=) P. hispanica auct., non Mill. ex... 
 (=) P. hybrida Brot.[1] 
London planetree,
Platane à feuilles d'érable
Introduced
Platanus x hispanica leaves fruit bgiu.jpg
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX



Images

Order Buxales[edit]

The order Buxales...

Family Buxaceae[edit]

The Buxaceae (box family)

Subfamily Buxoideae[edit]

Buxaceae – subfam. Buxoideae
Buxus Boxwood N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
Common boxwood Introduced
Buxus sempervirens foliage 1.jpg
NYFA-X
NRCS-X



Images

Subfamily Pachysandroideae[edit]

Tribe Pachysandreae[edit]
Buxaceae – subfam. Pachysandroideae – tribe Pachysandreae
Pachysandra Pachysandra N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
Allegheny spurge Introduced,
US South native,
No NY reports
Alleghany Pachysandra Pachysandra procumbens Closeup 3008px.JPG
Pachysandra procumbens nymap.svg
NRCS-N
LIBS



Images
Japanese spurge,
Japanese pachysandra
Introduced,
Invasive
Pachysandra terminalis0.jpg
Pachysandra terminalis nymap.svg
NYFA-X
NRCS-X
MIPC
WW



Images

Order Hamamelidales[edit]

Family Paeoniaceae[edit]

The Paeoniaceae (peony family)...

Paeoniaceae
Paeonia Peony N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 Pall.
Chinese peony Introduced,
Rarely spreads
Peony RAN-5817.JPG
Paeonia lactiflora NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX



Images

Family Altingiaceae[edit]

The Altingiaceae (sweetgum family)...

Altingiaceae
Liquidambar Sweet gum N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.
American storax,
American sweetgum,
Sweetgum
Native,
Secure
Liquidambar styraciflua7.jpg
Liquidambar styraciflua NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
NRCS-N0

ARS ITIS
FNA
Images

Family Hamamelidaceae[edit]

The Hamamelidaceae...

Subfamily Hamamelidoideae[edit]

Tribe Hamamelideae[edit]
Hamamelidaceae – subfam. Hamamelidoideae – tribe Hamamelideae
Hamamelis Witchhazel N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L. (1753)
American witch-hazel,
Café du diable
Native,
Secure
Hamamelis virginiana jwt01.jpg
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN

ARS ITIS
FNA
Images

Family Cercidiphyllaceae[edit]

The Cercidiphyllaceae...

Cercidiphyllaceae
Cercidiphyllum Katsura-tree N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
Siebold & Zucc. 1846
Katsura-tree Introduced
Cercidiphyllum japonicum JPG01b.jpg
NYFA-X
NRCS-X0

ARS ITIS

Images

Order Saxifragales[edit]

The order Saxifragales has about 15 families worldwide. Of these, five are represented in New York.

Family Crassulaceae[edit]

The Crassulaceae (orpine family)...

Subfamily Crassuloideae[edit]

Crassulaceae – subfam. Crassuloideae
Crassula Pygmyweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (L.) Schoenl.
Water pigmy-weed Native,
Endangered
Crassula aquatica.jpg
Crassula aquatica NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-1
NRCS-NN
NYNHP



Images

Subfamily Sempervivoideae[edit]

Tribe Umbiliceae[edit]
Genus Rhodiola[edit]

In New York, Rhodiola consists of two taxa of endangered plants.

Rhodiola integrifolia ssp. leedyi is an isolated subspecies of a common western cliff-stonecrop species (transferred from Sedum integrifolium in 1999). It has been found mainly on northwest-to-northeast-facing cliffs in southeastern Minnesota and near the southern part of Seneca Lake. It was discovered at Watkins Glen State Park in Schuyler County in 1918. The largest known population (at least 6000 plants) was discovered that same year, along about 2 miles of Glenora Cliff, on the western shore of Seneca Lake, in Yates County. It wasn't until 1994 that a third New York population was found near Glenora Falls, also in Yates County. [2], [3]

Crassulaceae – subfam. Sempervivoideae – tribe Umbiliceae – genus Rhodiola
Rhodiola Stonecrop N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 Raf.
ssp. leedyi
(Rosend. & J.W.Moore) H.Ohba
1947. Sedum rosea var. leedyi Rosend. &al.
1975. Sedum integrifolium ssp. leedyi
1985. Tolmachevia integrifolia ssp. leedyi
1999. R. integrifolia ssp. leedyi H.Ohba
Leedy's roseroot,
Leedy's stonecrop,
Rose sedum
Native,
Endangered,
Federally listed[1]
Rhodiola integrifolia (3764972368).jpg
Rhodiola integrifolia ssp leedyi NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-1
NRCS-N0

ARS 
FNATrop.
Images
 L.
1753. Rhodiola rosea  L.
1771. Sedum rosea  (L.) Scop.
1903. Sedum roanense  Britton
1903. Rhodiola roanensis  Britton
1930. Sedum rosea var. roanense
1973. Rhodiola rosea ssp. roanensis
Roseroot stonecrop Native,
Endangered
Rhodiola rosea 01.jpg
Rhodiola rosea NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-1
NRCS-NN



Images
Genus Hylotelephium[edit]
Crassulaceae – subfam. Sempervivoideae – tribe Umbiliceae – genus Hylotelephium
Hylotelephium Stonecrop N.Y. Status Images Distribution 4
(Michx.) H.Ohba
Allegheny stonecrop Native,
Endangered
Garden in the Woods - IMG 2487.JPG
NYFA-Z
NRCS-NX



Images
(Miq.) H.Ohba
Garden stonecrop Introduced
Hylotelephium spectabile in Jeondeungsa.jpg
NYFA-X
NRCS-X0



Images
(Boreau) H.Ohba
Showy stonecrop Introduced
Sedum spectabilum a1.jpg
NYFA-X
NRCS-X0



Images
 (L.) H.Ohba.
ssp. telephium

 (=) Sedum telephium L 
 (=) Sedum triphyllum (Haw.) Gray 
Garden stonecrop,
Witch's moneybags
Introduced
Sedum fabaria a5.jpg
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX



Images
Genus Phedimus[edit]
Crassulaceae – subfam. Sempervivoideae – tribe Umbiliceae – genus Phedimus
Phedimus Phedimus N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (M.Bieb.) 't Hart

1808. Sedum spurium  M.Bieb.
1815. Sedum oppositifolium  Sims
1984. Asterosedum spurium  Grulich
1985. Spathulata spuria  Á.Löve & D.Löve
1995. Phedimus spurius  't Hart
Caucasian stonecrop,
Two-rowed stonecrop
Introduced from
 temperate Asia
Sedum spurium a1.jpg
Phedimus spurius NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX

ARS 

Images
Tribe Semperviveae[edit]
Crassulaceae – subfam. Sempervivoideae – tribe Semperviveae
Sempervivum Houseleek N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
Common houseleek,
Hen-and-chickens
Introduced
Sempervivum tectorum (1) 1 (ex Pyrenees).JPG
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX



Images
Tribe Sedeae[edit]
Crassulaceae – subfam. Sempervivoideae – tribe Sedeae
Sedum Stonecrop N.Y. Status Images Distribution 8
 Michx.

 (=) Clausenellia ternata 
Wood stonecrop,
Woodland stonecrop
Introduced,
US South native
Sedum ternatum BB-1913.png
Sedum ternatum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-NX



Images
 L.
Goldmoss stonecrop Introduced
Sedum acre1.jpg
Sedum acre NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX



Images
 L.
White stonecrop Introduced
Sedum album 5.JPG
Sedum album NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX



Images
 L.
Spanish stonecrop Introduced
Sedum hispanicum 1.jpg
Sedum hispanicum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX



Images
Fisch. & C.A.Mey.
Orange stonecrop Introduced
Sedum kamtschaticum - Botanischer Garten, Frankfurt am Main - DSC02410.JPG
Sedum kamtschaticum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-X0



Images
 L.

 (=) Petrosedum reflexum (L.) Grulich 
 (=) Sedum reflexum L. 
Jenny's stonecrop,
Reflexed stonecrop
Introduced
Sedum refexum 1.JPG
Sedum rupestre NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX



Images
 Bunge
Stringy stonecrop Introduced
Sedum sarmentosum 01.JPG
Sedum sarmentosum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX



Images
 Chaix

 (=) Sedum anopetalum DC. 
European stonecrop Introduced,
No specimens
Sedum ochroleucum.JPG
NYFA-X
NRCS-X0



Images

Family Haloragaceae[edit]

The Haloragaceae (watermilfoil family)...

Tribe Myriophylleae[edit]

Genus Proserpinaca[edit]

Haloragaceae – tribe Myriophylleae – genus Proserpinaca
Proserpinaca Mermaidweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
 L.
var. crebra
Marsh mermaidweed Native,
Likely secure
Proserpinaca palustris 003.jpg
NYFA-4
NRCS-NN



Images
 L.
var. palustris
Marsh mermaidweed Native,
Especially vulnerable
Proserpinaca palustris 005.jpg
NYFA-1?
NRCS-NN



Images
 Lam.
Comb-leaved mermaid-weed Native,
Threatened
Proserpinaca pectinata.jpeg
NYFA-2
NRCS-NN



Images

Genus Myriophyllum[edit]

Haloragaceae – tribe Myriophylleae – genus Myriophyllum
Myriophyllum Water-milfoil N.Y. Status Images Distribution 10
Michx. (1803)
Broad-leaved water-milfoil,
Variable-leaf water-milfoil,
Two-leaf water-milfoil
Native,
Secure
Myriophyllum heterophyllum NRCS-2.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngMyriophyllum heterophyllum BB-1913.png
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN

ARS ITIS

Images
(Raf.) Morong
Low water-milfoil Native,
Secure
Myriophyllum humile BB-1913.png
Myriophyllum humile NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN



Images
Kom. (1914)
Northern water-milfoil,
Shortspike watermilfoil
Native,
Secure
UC1755383 Myriophyllum sibiricum (5547563873).jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngUC1755387 Myriophyllum sibiricum.jpg
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN

ARS ITIS

Images
 Bigel.
Slender water-milfoil Native,
Likely secure
Myriophyllum tenellum BB-1913.png
NYFA-4



Images
 L.
Whorled water-milfoil Native,
Likely secure
Myriophyllum verticillatum turion.jpeg
NYFA-4



Images
DC.
Alternateflower watermilfoil,
Alternate-flowered water-milfoil
Native,
Threatened
Myriophyllum alterniflorum BB-1913.png
Myriophyllum alterniflorum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-2
NRCS-NN



Images
 Morong
Farwell's water-milfoil Native,
Threatened
Myriophyllum farwellii BB-1913.png
Myriophyllum farwellii NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-2



Images
(Walter) Britton, Sterns & Poggenb.
Cutleaf watermilfoil,
Cut-leaved water-milfoil,
Green parrotfeather
Native,
Endangered
Myriophyllum pinnatum BB-1913.png
NYFA-1
NRCS-NN

ITIS

Images
(Vell.) Verdc.
Parrot-feather,
Parrot feather watermilfoil
Introduced,
Invasive
Starr 070515-7059 Myriophyllum aquaticum.jpg
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX



Images
 L.
Eurasian water-milfoil,
Spike watermilfoil
Introduced,
Highly invasive
Myriophyllum spicatum.jpeg
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX
NE-1[1]



Images
  1. Category 1 Plants - highly invasive - Eastern Region invasive plants, ranked by degree of invasiveness as based on information from States (1998) US Forest Service

Family Penthoraceae[edit]

The Penthoraceae Rydb. ex Britton, nom. cons.[1]

Penthoraceae
Penthorum Penthorum N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.
Ditch-stonecrop Native,
Secure
Penthorum sedoides 002.JPG
Penthorum sedoides NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN



Images
  1. Flora of North America, Vol. 8 Page 44, 148, 230: Penthoraceae Rydberg ex Britton "Cronquist (1981) considered it to be transitional between Crassulaceae and Saxifragaceae. … Molecular studies suggest that the genus is sister to Haloragaceae. … Recent authors often have placed it in the monogeneric Penthoraceae."

Family Grossulariaceae[edit]

The Grossulariaceae (gooseberry family)...

Genus Ribes[edit]

Ribes can be grouped into the currants, which are generally thornless with small berries, and the gooseberries, which generally have thorns and larger berries.

Ribes subg. Ribes[edit]

Subgenus Ribes contains the currants.

Grossulariaceae – genus Ribes – subg. Ribes
Ribes subg. Ribes Currant N.Y. Status Images Distribution 11
 Mill. 1768

1915. Coreosma americana (Mill.) Nieuwl.
American black currant,
Wild black currant,
Blank currant,
Groseillier d'Amérique,
Gadellier d’Amérique
Native,
Secure
Ribes americanum 1.jpg
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN

ARS ITIS
FNA
Images
 Grauer 1784

1785. Ribes prostratum L'Hér.
1813. Ribes resinosum Pursh
Skunk currant,
Wild currant,
Gadellier glanduleux
Native,
Secure
Ribes glandulosum NRCS-2.jpg
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN

ARS ITIS
FNA
Images
 Pall. 1797

1856. Ribes rubrum var. propinquum
1907. Ribes triste var. albinervium
1966. Ribes rubrum var. alaskanum
Red currant,
Swamp red currant,
Wild red currant,
Gadellier amer
Native,
Secure
Ribes triste 7 (5097500891).jpg
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN

ARS ITIS
FNA
Images
 Pursh
var. villosum DC. 1828

1825. Ribes odoratum H.L.Wendl.
Buffalo currant,
Clove currant,
Golden currant,
Missouri currant,
Groseillier doré
Introduced,
N. America native
Ribesaureum3pl.jpg
NYFA-X
NRCS-NX

ARS ITIS
FNA
Images
 L. 1753

1929. Ribes cyathiforme Pojark.
Black currant,
European black currant,
Garden black currant,
Gadellier noir,
Groseillier noir,
Cassis, Cassissier
Introduced,
Eurasia native
Cassis à Grez-Doiceau 002.jpg
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX

ARS ITIS
FNA
Images
 L. 1753

1789. Ribes vulgare Lam.
1826. Ribes sylvestre Mert. & W.D.J.Koch
1865. Ribes sativum (Rchb.) Syme
Northern red currant,
Red garden currant,
Cultivated currant,
Groseillier rouge
Introduced,
Europe native
Ribes rubrum fruit Luc Viatour.JPG
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX

ARS ITIS
FNA
Images
Ribes subg. Grossularia[edit]

Subgenus Grossularia contains the gooseberries.

Grossulariaceae – genus Ribes – subg. Grossularia
Ribes subg. Grossularia Gooseberry N.Y. Status Images Distribution 11
 L. 1753

1768. Grossularia cynosbati (L.) Mill.
1901. Ribes huronense Rydb.
Prickly gooseberry,
Eastern prickly gooseberry,
American gooseberry,
Dogbramble,
Pasture gooseberry,
Groseillier des chiens
Native,
Secure
Ribes cynosbati (Flower).jpg
Ribes cynosbati NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN

ARS ITIS
FNA
Images
 Michx. 1803

1838. Grossularia hirtella (Michx.) Spach
Smooth gooseberry,
Wild gooseberry,
Hairystem gooseberry,
Wedge-leaf gooseberry,
Groseillier hérissé
Native,
Secure
Ribes hirtellum 3.jpg
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN

ARS ITIS
FNA
Images
 Michx. 1803

1908. Grossularia rotundifolia Coville & Britton
Appalachian gooseberry,
Wild gooseberry
Native,
Secure
Ribes rotundifolium 233-008.jpg
NYFA-5
NRCS-N0

ARS ITIS
FNA
Images
 L. 1753
var. sativum DC.

1753. Ribes grossularia L.
1753. Ribes reclinatum L.
1768. Grossularia reclinata (L.) Mill.
1830. Ribes uva-crispa ssp. reclinatum Rchb.
European gooseberry,
English gooseberry,
Groseillier épineux,
Groseillier deshaies,
Groseillier vert
Introduced,
Eurasia native,
N. Africa native
Kruisbessen.jpg
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX

ARS ITIS
FNA
Images
Ribes subg. Grossularioides[edit]
Grossulariaceae – genus Ribes – subg. Grossularioides
Ribes subg. Grossularioides Currant / Gooseberry N.Y. Status Images Distribution 11
 (Pers.) Poir. 1812

1805. Ribes oxycanthoides var. lacustre Pers.
1876. Ribes lacustre var. parvulum A.Gray
1917. Limnobotrya lacustris (Pers.) Rydb.
Bristly black currant,
Bristly black gooseberry,
Prickly currant,
Swamp gooseberry,
Gadellier lacustre
Native,
Likely secure
Ribes lacustre 10504.JPG
NYFA-4
NRCS-NN

ARS ITIS
FNA
Images

Family Saxifragaceae[edit]

The Saxifragaceae (family)...

Subfamily Saxifragoideae[edit]

Tribe Saxifrageae[edit]
Saxifragaceae – subfam. Saxifragoideae – tribe Saxifrageae
Saxifraga Saxifrage N.Y. Status Images Distribution 5
 Michx.
var. virginiensis
 (=) Micranthes virginiensis  
Virginia saxifrage Native,
Secure
Saxifraga virginiensis full plant.jpg
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN



Images
 L.
 (=) Micranthes pensylvanica (L.) Haw.  
 (=) Saxifraga forbesii Vasey 
Eastern swamp saxifrage,
Swamp saxifrage
Native,
Likely secure
Saxifraga pensylvanica BB-1913.png
Saxifraga pensylvanica NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4-5
NRCS-NN



Images
 L.
Yellow mountain saxifrage Native,
Threatened
5173 - Near Eigergletscher Station - Flower.JPG
Saxifraga aizoides NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-2
NRCS-NN



Images
ssp. oppositifolia
Purple mountain saxifrage Native,
Endangered
Saxifraga oppositifolia 001.jpg
NYFA-1
NRCS-NN



Images
ssp. neogaea
 (=) Chondrosea paniculata  
 (=) Saxifraga aizoon ssp. neogaea 
 (=) Saxifraga aizoon var. neogaea 
White mountain saxifrage Native,
Endangered
Saxifraga paniculata a2.jpg
Saxifraga paniculata ssp neogaea NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-1
NRCS-NN



Images

Subfamily Heucheroideae[edit]

Tribe Chrysosplenieae[edit]
Saxifragaceae – subfam. Heucheroideae – tribe Chrysosplenieae
Chrysosplenium Golden saxifrage N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
American golden saxifrage Native,
Likely secure
Chrysosplenium americanum.jpg
Chrysosplenium americanum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4
NRCS-NN



Images
Tribe Heuchereae[edit]
Saxifragaceae – subfam. Heucheroideae – tribe Heuchereae
Tiarella Foamflower N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
Heartleaf foamflower,
Heart-leaved foam-flower
Native,
Secure
Tiarella cordifolia2.jpg
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN



Images
Mitella Miterwort N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
Two-leaved bishop's-cap,
Two-leaved miterwort,
Coolwort
Native,
Secure
Mitella diphylla Twoleaf miterwort.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngMitella diphylla drawing.png
Mitella diphylla NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN



Images
 L.
 (=) Mitella prostrata Michx.  
Naked bishop's-cap,
Naked miterwort,
Creeping bishop's cap
Native,
Likely secure
Mitella nuda BB-1913.pngImg spacer 2x87.pngMitella nuda 002.jpg
Mitella nuda NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4
NRCS-NN



Images
[ M. diphylla × M. nuda ]
Miterwort,
Bishop's-cap
Native,
Especially vulnerable
NYFA-1?
NRCS-N0



Images
Heuchera Alumroot N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
var. americana
American alumroot Native,
Vulnerable
Vínlandsroði.jpg
Heuchera americana var americana NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-3
NRCS-NN



Images
var. villosa
Hairy alumroot Introduced,
N. America native
Hairy Alumroot Heuchera villosa Purple Form Plant 2400px.JPG
Heuchera villosa var villosa NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-N0



Images
Astilbe False-goat's-beard N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
Florist's-spiraea Introduced
Astilbe sp2.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngAstilbe Japonica Deutschland B.jpg
Astilbe japonica NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-X0



Images