Flora of New York/Cucurbitales, Celastrales, Oxalidales

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Juglandales
Flora of New York: Cucurbitales, Celastrales, Oxalidales
Hypericaceae, Podostemaceae, Elatinaceae
Table of
contents
Genus
index
Protected species index Invasive species index


Order Cucurbitales[edit]

The order Cucurbitales ...

Family Cucurbitaceae[edit]

The Cucurbitaceae (gourd family) ...

Tribe Thladiantheae[edit]

Cucurbitaceae – tribe Thladiantheae
Thladiantha Thladiantha N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 Bunge
Manchu tubergourd,
Goldencreeper,
Wild potato
Introduced
Thladiantha dubia.jpg
Thladiantha dubia NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX




Images

Tribe Bryonieae[edit]

Cucurbitaceae – tribe Bryonieae
Ecballium Squirting-cucumber N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (L.) Rich.

 (=) Momordica elaterium 
Squirting cucumber,
Exploding cucumber
Introduced,
Impersistent
Ecballium elaterium 002.JPG
Ecballium elaterium NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-X0




Images

Tribe Sicyoeae[edit]

Cucurbitaceae – tribe Sicyoeae
Echinocystis Wild cucumber N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(Michx.) Torr. & Gray
Wild balsam-apple Native,
Secure
Echinocystis lobata5268079.jpg
Echinocystis lobata NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN




Images
Sicyos Burr cucumber N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.
One-seeded burr cucumber Native,
Secure
Sicyos angulatus 001.JPG
Sicyos angulatus NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN




Images

Tribe Benincaseae[edit]

Cucurbitaceae – tribe Benincaseae
Citrullus Watermelon N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
Colocynth,
Bitter apple,
Bitter cucumber,
Egusi,
Vine of Sodom
Introduced,
Impersistent
Citrullus colocynthis 001.JPG
Citrullus colocynthis NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-X0




Images
Cucumis Melon N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
 L.
West Indian cucumber,
West Indian gherkin
Introduced,
Impersistent
Cucumis anguria.JPGImg spacer 2x87.pngCucumis anguria .JPG
Cucumis anguria NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX




Images
Cantaloupe Introduced,
Impersistent
Meloen vrucht met bloem.jpg
Cucumis melo NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-XW




Images
Garden cucumber Introduced,
Impersistent
Cucumis sativus01.jpg
Cucumis sativus NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-XW




Images
Lagenaria Gourd N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(Molina) Standl.
 (=) Cucurbita lagenaria  
 (=) Cucurbita siceraria 
 (=) Lagenaria leucantha 
 (=) Lagenaria vulgaris 
Bottle gourd,
White-flowered gourd
Introduced,
Impersistent
Starr 070308-5274 Lagenaria siceraria.jpg
Lagenaria siceraria NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX




Images

Tribe Cucurbiteae[edit]

Cucurbitaceae – tribe Cucurbiteae
Cucurbita Gourd N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 Duchesne
 (=) Pepo maximus  
Winter squash Introduced,
Impersistent
Cucurbita maxima 02.JPG
Cucurbita maxima NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX




Images
 (=) Cucurbita moschata  
 (=) Pepo moschatus 
 (=) Pepo pepo 
 (=) Pepo vulgaris 
Field pumpkin Introduced,
Impersistent
Cucurbita pepo - end of vine with ants.jpg
Cucurbita pepo NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-MW




Images

Order Celastrales[edit]

The order Celastrales ...

Family Parnassiaceae[edit]

The Parnassiaceae are often included in the Celastraceae.

Subfamily Parnassioideae[edit]

Parnassiaceae – subfam. Parnassioideae
Parnassia Grass-of-Parnassus N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 Raf.

(=) Parnassia glauca  Raf.
(=) Parnassia americana  Muhl.
Fen grass of Parnassus,
American grass-of-parnassus,
Glaucous grass-of-Parnassus
Native,
Likely secure
Grass-of-Parnassus (Parnassia glauca) (9754071813).jpg
Parnassia glauca NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4
NRCS-NN
NEW Can
ITIS
Trop.
NSE 

Images, wsp

Family Celastraceae[edit]

The Celastraceae (staff-vine or bittersweet family) in New York contains the two genera Euonymus (spindletree) and Celastrus (bittersweet).

Subfamily Celastroideae[edit]

Genus Euonymus[edit]

Of the six native and naturalized Euonymus species in New York, three are native, and three have been introduced and are considered to be invasive.[1]

Celastraceae – subfam. Celastroideae – genus Euonymus
EuonymusL. Spindletree N.Y. Status Images Distribution 6
var. atropurpureus
Eastern wahoo,
Eastern spindle-tree,
Burning bush
Native,
Likely secure
Burning Bush (Euonymus atropurpureus).jpg
Euonymus atropurpureus var atropurpureus nymap.svg
NYFA-4
NRCS-NN
NEW 



Images
 Nutt.
Running strawberry bush Native,
Vulnerable
Euonymus obovatus EPA-1.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngEuonymus obovatus BB-1913.png
Euonymus obovatus nymap.svg
NYFA-3
NRCS-XX




Images
Strawberry bush,
Bursting hearts,
Bursting heart
Native,
Endangered
Euonymus americanus 5.JPG
Euonymus americanus nymap.svg
NYFA-1
NRCS-N0




Images
 (Thunb.) Siebold

1784. Celastrus alatus  Thunb.
1784. Celastrus striatus  Thunb.
1826. Euonymus subtriflorus  Blume
1826. Euonymus thunbergianus  Blume
1830. Euonymus alatus  Siebold
Burning bush,
Winged euonymus,
Winged burning bush,
Winged spindle tree

Fusain ailé
Introduced,
Very highly invasive,
NYIS: 81%[2],
Regulated[3],
CP-3[4]
Euonymus alatus 1.jpg
Euonymus alatus nymap.svg
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX
NEW Can
ARS 
Trop.

Images
(Turcz.) Hand.-Mazz.
var. radicans

 (=) E. radicans Sieb. ex Miq. 
Climbing euonymus,
Winter creeper,
Evergreen bittersweet,
Climbing spindle-tree
Introduced,
Highly invasive,
NYIS: H 78,
Regulated[3],
CP-4[5]
Euonymus fortunei 1.JPG
Euonymus fortunei var radicans nymap.svg
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX
NEW 



Images
 L.

 (=) Euonymus vulgaris Mill. 
European spindletree Introduced,
Moderately invasive,
CP-5[6]
2006-10-09-Euonymus europaeusSamen02.jpg
Euonymus europaeus nymap.svg
NYIS: M 60
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX




Images
Genus Celastrus[edit]
Celastraceaesubfam. Celastroideaegenus Celastrus
Celastrus Bittersweet N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
 L.

1753. Celastrus scandens  L.
1794. Euonymoides scandens  Moench
1902. Euonymus scandens  E.H.L.Krause


Bourreau des arbres,
Célastre grimpant
Native,
Vulnerable
Celastrus scandens 27297.jpg
Celastrus scandens NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-3
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS 



Images, wsp
 Thunb.

1784. Celastrus orbiculatus  Thunb.
1784. Celastrus articulatus  Thunb.


Célastre asiatique
Introduced from
 temperate Asia,
Very highly invasive,
NYIS: 87%[1],
Prohibited[2],
CP-2[3] NE-1[4]
Celastrus orbiculatus 081202.JPG
Celastrus orbiculatus NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS 
Trop.


Images, wsp
 Loes.

1902. Celastrus gemmatus  Loes.
1912. Embelia esquirolii  H.Lév.
1935. Celastrus lokchongensis  Masam.
Shrub-bittersweet,
Chinese staff vine,
Chinese bittersweet
Introduced from
 temperate Asia
Celastrus gemmatus NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-00

ARS 
FoC Trop.


Images, wsp

Order Oxalidales[edit]

The order Oxalidales contains seven families, of which, only members of the Oxalidaceae have been discovered growing outside of cultivation in New York.

Family Oxalidaceae[edit]

The Oxalidaceae (woodsorrel family) has traditionally been included in the Geraniales, but is now included here with phylogenically similar Rosids.

Oxalidaceae – genus Oxalis – subg. Oxalis
Oxalis sect. Oxalis Wood-sorrel N.Y. Status Images Distribution 6
 Raf.

1818. Oxalis montana  Raf.
1930. O. acetosella var. rhodantha R.Knuth
1958. O. acetosella ssp. montana Hultén
auct.. O. acetosella  non L.
Mountain wood-sorrel,
White wood-sorrel,
Common wood-sorrel,
Northern wood-sorrel

Oxalide de montagne,
Oxalide des bois
Native,
Secure
Oxalis montana.jpg
Oxalis montana NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.
NSE 
IPN
Images, wsp
Oxalis sect. Corniculatae Yellow wood-sorrel N.Y. Status Images Distribution 6
 L.

1753. Oxalis stricta  L.
1854. Oxalis europaea  Jord.
1903. Xanthoxalis stricta  (L.) Small
Upright yellow wood-sorrel,
Common yellow wood-sorrel,
Common yellow oxalis
Native,
Secure
20140520Oxalis stricta1.jpg
Oxalis stricta NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
NRCS-NX
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.


Images, wsp

(=) Oxalis corniculata var. dillenii
(=) Oxalis stricta var. piletocarpa
Slender yellow wood-sorrel,
Dillen's wood-sorrel,
Sussex yellow sorrel

Oxalide de Dillenius
Native,
Secure
Oxalis florida drawing 01.png
Oxalis dillenii NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
NRCS-NX
NEW Can




Images, wsp
 Salisb.

1796. Oxalis florida  Salisb.
1803. Oxalis prostrata  Haworth
1825. Oxalis rupestris  Raf.
1897. Oxalis filipes  Small
1907. Oxalis brittoniae  Small
1963. Oxalis dillenii ssp. filipes Eiten
1964. Oxalis florida var. filipes Ahles
1964. Oxalis florida var. recurva Ahles
Southern yellow wood-sorrel,
Flowering yellow wood-sorrel
Native,
Secure
Oxalis florida drawing 02.png
Oxalis florida NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
NRCS-NX
NEW Can-0



Note [1]
Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Oxalis corniculata  L.
1891. Acetosella corniculata  Kuntze
1903. Xanthoxalis corniculata  Small
Creeping wood-sorrel,
Creeping yellow wood-sorrel

Oxalide cornue,
Oxalis cornu
Introduced,
US South native,
(questionably)
Oxalis corniculata bloemen.jpg
Oxalis corniculata NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-NX
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.


Images, wsp
Oxalis sect. Ionoxalis Bulb-bearing wood-sorrel N.Y. Status Images Distribution 6
 L.

1753. Oxalis violacea  L.
1782. Sassia tinctoria  Molina
1903. Ionoxalis violacea  (L.) Small
1937. O. violacea var. trichophora Fassett
1943. I. violacea var. trichophora Moldenke
1998. Sassia violacea  (L.) Holub
Violet wood-sorrel Native,
Threatened
Violet Wood-Sorrel - Oxalis violacea.JPG
Oxalis violacea NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-2-3
NRCS-N-
NEW Can-0
ARS 
Trop.


Images, wsp
  1. Nesom, Guy L. 2009. Again: taxonomy of yellow-flowered caulescent Oxalis (Oxalidaceae) in eastern North America. Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 3: 727–738.