Flora of New York/Crossosomatales, Sapindales

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Myrtales
Flora of New York: Crossosomatales, Sapindales
Malvales
Table of
contents
Genus
index
Protected species index Invasive species index


Order Crossosomatales[edit]

The Crossosomatales Takht. ex Reveal (1993) is a small order that has a single native species in New York.

Family Staphyleaceae[edit]

The Staphyleaceae (bladdernut family) ... [f 1]

Staphyleaceae
Staphylea Bladdernut N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.

1753. Staphylea trifolia  L.
1766. Staphylodendron trifoliatum  Crantz
American bladdernut,
Bladder nut

Staphylier à trois folioles,
Staphylier trifolié
Native,
Secure
Staphylea trifolia SCA-3464.jpg
Staphylea trifolia nymap.svg
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.

Images

Order Sapindales[edit]

The order Sapindales

Family Anacardiaceae[edit]

The Anacardiaceae (cashew or sumac family) ...[f 2]

Subfamily Spondiadoideae[edit]

Tribe Rhoeae[edit]

This tribe contains the sumac trees (in genus Rhus), which are all beneficial New York natives. However, the Chinese sumac or tree-of-heaven (Ailanthus altissima) in the Simaroubaceae (quassia family, below) is a potentially invasive non-native.

The Rhoeae tribe also contains the native, but not usually welcome, trio of poison ivy, poison oak, and poison sumac in the genus Toxicodendron. All of these produce the resin urushiol which can cause severe skin and mucous-membrane irritation in humans.

Anacardiaceae – subfam. Spondiadoideae – tribe Rhoeae
Rhus Sumac N.Y. Status Images Distribution 5
 L. (1753)

 (=) Rhus hirta (L.) Sudw. 
Staghorn sumac Native,
Secure
Rhus typhina NRCS-1.jpg
Rhus typhina NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN




Images
 Aiton (1789)
Fragrant sumac Native,
Secure
Rhus aromatica (R. trilobata) (5006727674).jpg
Rhus aromatica NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN

ARS ITIS


Images
 L. (1753)
Winged sumac Native,
Secure
Winged Sumac Berries.jpg
Rhus copallinum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN




Images
 L. (1753)
Smooth sumac Native,
Secure
Smooth Sumac (2997144036).jpg
Rhus glabra NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN

ITIS


Images
 Greene (pro sp.)
[ glabra × typhina ]

 (=) Rhus glabra var. borealis Britton 
 (=) Rhus pulvinata Greene 
 (=) Rhus × borealis (Britton) Greene 
Hybrid sumac,
Northern sumac,
Pulvinate sumac
Native,
Threatened
Rhus glabra.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngRhus typhina sables-bracheux-beauvais 60 20062008 4.jpg
Rhus × pulvinata NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-2?
NRCS-NN




Images
Toxicodendron Poison ivy N.Y. Status Images Distribution 4
 (L.) Kuntze
ssp. radicans

 (=) Rhus radicans L. 
 (=) T. vulgare Mill. 
Eastern poison ivy Native,
Secure
Toxicodendron radicans, leaves.jpg
Toxicodendron radicans ssp radicans nymap.svg
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN




Images
 (L.) Kuntze
ssp. negundo

 (=) T. radicans var. negundo 
Eastern poison ivy Native,
Unranked
Toxicodendron radicans.jpg
Toxicodendron radicans ssp negundo nymap.svg
NYFA-U
NRCS-NN




Images
 (L.) Kuntze
Poison sumac Native,
Likely secure
Toxicodendron vernix autumn.jpg
Toxicodendron vernix nymap.svg
NYFA-4
NRCS-NN

ITIS


Images
(Small ex Rydb.) Greene
Northern poison oak,
Rydberg's poison ivy,
Western poison ivy
Native,
Vulnerable
Toxicodendron rydbergii UGA1208036.jpg
Toxicodendron rydbergii nymap.svg
NYFA-3?
NRCS-NN




Images
Cotinus Smoke tree N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 Scop.

1753. Rhus cotinus  L.
1771. Cotinus coggygria  Scop.
1891. Cotinus cotinus  Sarg.
Smoketree,
Smokebush,
Venetian sumac,
Wigtree
Introduced from
 Eurasia
Cotinus coggygria5.jpg
Cotinus coggygria nymap.svg
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX

ARS 
Trop.

Images

Family Hippocastanaceae[edit]

The Hippocastanaceae (horse chestnut or buckeye family) ... [f 3] Note that horse chestnuts are not closely related to Castanea (chestnuts), which are in the Fagaceae with Quercus (oak) and Fagus (beech).

Hippocastanaceae
Aesculus Buckeye N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 Willd.
var. glabra
Ohio buckeye Introduced,
Midwest native
Aesculus glabra NRCS-1.jpg
Aesculus glabra var glabra NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-NN
CP-5[1]




Images
Horse chestnut Introduced,
Invasive
Aesculus-hippocastanum-sectorial-chimera.JPG
Aesculus hippocastanum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX
CP-5[1]
WW




Images
  1. a b Appendix 5. Plant species of concern (Watch List) within the central Finger Lakes region. Policy on the use of non-native plants in Cornell Plantations' accessioned collections (2009)

Family Aceraceae[edit]

The Aceraceae (maple family) ... [f 4]

Genus Acer[edit]

The genus Acer is represented by about fifteen native or naturalized species in New York. These species are here separated into sections following de Jong (2002).[1] These sections are further organized into three tables corresponding to the three clusters described by Grimm et. al. (2006).[2]

Platanoid sections[edit]
Aceraceae – genus AcerPlatanoid sections
Acer sect. Macrantha Snakebark maple N.Y. Status Images Distribution 15
 L.

1753. Acer pensylvanicum  L.
1755. Acer canadense  Duhamel
1771. Acer striatum  Du Roi
Striped maple,
Green-striped maple,
Moosewood,
Whistlewood,
Goosefoot maple,
Pennsylvania maple

Èrable de Pennsylvanie
Native,
Secure
Acer pensylvanicum JPG1L.jpg
Acer pensylvanicum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN
NEW Can
ARS 
Trop.

Images
Acer sect. Platanoidea Maple N.Y. Status Images Distribution 15
Norway maple Introduced,
Very highly invasive,
NYIS: 82%[3],
Regulated[4],
CP-2[5] NE-1[6]
Spitz-Ahorn(mbo).jpg
Acer platanoides nymap.svg
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX




Images
Hedge maple,
Field maple
Introduced,
Moderately invasive,
CP-3[7]
Acer-campestre.JPG
Acer campestre nymap.svg
NYFA-X
NRCS-X




Images
  1. P. C. de Jong, 2002. World maple diversity, pp.2–11, in: Wiegrefe, S. J., H. Angus, D. Otis, and P. Gregorey (eds.). Proceedings of the 2002 International Maple Symposium held at Westonbirt Arboretum and the Royal Agricultural College in Gloucestershire, England.
  2. Guido W. Grimm, Susanne S. Renner, Alexandros Stamatakis & Vera Hemleben, 2006. A Nuclear Ribosomal DNA Phylogeny of Acer Inferred with Maximum Likelihood, Splits Graphs, and Motif Analysis of 606 Sequences.
  3. New York non-native plant invasiveness assessmentAcer platanoides: Very high (82).
  4. New York State Department of Environmental Conservation Proposed Regulation 6 NYCRR Part 575 Prohibited and Regulated Invasive Species
  5. Appendix 2. Plant species that are considered highly invasive to natural areas in the central Finger Lakes region. Policy on the use of non-native plants in Cornell Plantations' accessioned collections (2009)
  6. Category 1 Plants - highly invasive - Eastern Region invasive plants, ranked by degree of invasiveness as based on information from States (1998) US Forest Service
  7. Appendix 3. Plant species that are considered moderately to highly invasive to natural areas in the central Finger Lakes region. Policy on the use of non-native plants in Cornell Plantations' accessioned collections (2009)
Palmatoid sections[edit]
Aceraceae – genus AcerPalmatoid sections
Acer sect. Spicata Maple N.Y. Status Images Distribution 15
 Lam.

1771. Acer pensylvanicum  Du Roi, non L.
1784. Acer parviflorum  Ehrh., non Franch. & Sav.
1786. Acer spicatum  Lam.
1811. Acer montanum  W.T.Aiton, non Lam.
Mountain maple,
Moose maple,
White maple

Érable à épis,
Érable bâtard,
Plaine bâtarde,
Plaine bleue
Native,
Likely secure
Acer spicatum flowers.jpg
Acer spicatum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4-5
NRCS-NN
NEW 
ARS ITIS
Trop.

Images
Acer sect. Negundo Maple N.Y. Status Images Distribution 15
 L.
var. negundo

1753. Acer negundo  L.
1794. Negundo aceroides  (L.) Moench
1882. Negundo negundo  (L.) Karst. nom. inval.
Box-elder,
Manitoba maple,
Ash-leaved maple

Érable à Giguère,
Érable négondo,
Érable argilière
Native,
Secure,
Note [1]
Acer negundo Bozeman 1.jpg
Acer negundo var negundo nymap.svg
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN
NEW Can
ARS 
Trop.

Images
 L.
var. violaceum (G.Kirchn.) H.Jaeger

1864. Negundo aceroides var. violaceum G.Kirchn.
1884. Acer negundo var. violaceum
1908. Acer violaceum  Simonk.
1982. N. aceroides ssp. violaceus W.A.Weber
Box elder Native,
Unranked
Acer negundo-78.JPG
Acer negundo var violaceum nymap.svg
NYFA-?
NRCS-N0
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.

Note [2]
Images
Acer sect. Palmata Maple N.Y. Status Images Distribution 15
 Thunb.

1784. Acer palmatum  Thunb.
1867. Acer sanguineum  Carrière
Japanese maple Introduced,
Moderately invasive,
NYIS: 50%
Acer palmatum0.jpg
Acer palmatum nymap.svg
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX
NE-4[3] VT
NEW 
ARS ITIS


Images
  1. Acer negundo is thought to be native to only parts of the state, mainly in the south-central part. It is considered to be introduced elsewhere and may be weedy.
  2. VASCAN, citing FNA Ed. Comm., in prep. f., considers Acer negundo var. violaceum to be a synonym of Acer negundo.
  3. Category 4 Plants - local concern and monitoring - Eastern Region invasive plants, ranked by degree of invasiveness as based on information from States (1998) US Forest Service
Aceroid sections[edit]
Aceraceae – genus AcerAceroid sections
Acer sect. Rubra Maple N.Y. Status Images Distribution 15
Silver maple Native,
Secure
0 Acer saccharinum - Tervueren.JPG
Acer saccharinum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5




Images
var. rubrum
Red maple Native,
Secure
Acer rubrum 002.jpg
Acer rubrum var rubrum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5




Images
var. trilobum
Red maple Native,
Vulnerable
Acer rubrum inflorescence 06.JPG
Acer rubrum var trilobum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-3-4




Images
[ rubrum × saccharinum ]
Freeman maple,
Soft maple
Native,
Threatened
Autumn Blaze Maple Foliage.jpg
Acer × freemanii NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-2




Images
Acer sect. Acer Maple N.Y. Status Images Distribution 15
 (=) Acer saccharum ssp. nigrum  
 (=) Acer saccharum var. nigrum 
 (=) Acer saccharum var. viride 
 (=) Saccharodendron nigrum 
Black maple Native,
Secure
Acer nigrum leaves.png
Acer nigrum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN




Images
var. saccharum
Sugar maple Native,
Secure
Acer saccharum leaves.jpg
Acer saccharum var saccharum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5




Images
Sycamore maple Introduced,
Highly invasive,
NYIS: 71%,
Prohibited[1]
Acer-pseudoplatanus.JPG
Acer pseudoplatanus nymap.svg
NYFA-X
CP-5[2] NE-4[3]




Images
Acer sect. Ginnala Maple N.Y. Status Images Distribution 15

 (=) Acer tatarica ssp. ginnala 
Amur maple Introduced,
Moderately invasive,
NYIS: 66%
Acer ginnala.jpg
Acer ginnala nymap.svg
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX
CP-3[4] NE-4[3]
WW




Images
  1. New York State Department of Environmental Conservation Proposed Regulation 6 NYCRR Part 575 Prohibited and Regulated Invasive Species
  2. Appendix 5. Plant species of concern (Watch List) within the central Finger Lakes region. Policy on the use of non-native plants in Cornell Plantations' accessioned collections (2009)
  3. a b Category 4 Plants - local concern and monitoring - Eastern Region invasive plants, ranked by degree of invasiveness as based on information from States (1998) US Forest Service
  4. Appendix 3. Plant species that are considered moderately to highly invasive to natural areas in the central Finger Lakes region. Policy on the use of non-native plants in Cornell Plantations' accessioned collections (2009)

Family Sapindaceae[edit]

The Sapindaceae (soapberry family) ... [f 5]

Subfamily Sapindoideae[edit]

Tribe Koelreuterieae[edit]
Sapindaceae – subfam. Sapindoideae – tribe Koelreuterieae
Koelreuteria Koelreuteria N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 Laxm.
Golden rain-tree Introduced,
Invasive in US South
Koelreuteria paniculata C.jpg
Koelreuteria paniculata nymap.svg
NYFA-X
NRCS-X0




Images
Tribe Paullinieae[edit]
Sapindaceae – subfam. Sapindoideae – tribe Paullinieae
Cardiospermum Balloonvine N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
L. (1753)
Balloon vine,
Heart-pea,
Love in a puff
Introduced,
Noxious US South
Cardiospermum halicacabum 04.jpg
Cardiospermum halicacabum nymap.svg
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX

ARS 


Images

Family Rutaceae[edit]

The Rutaceae (rue or citrus family) ...

Subfamily Rutoideae[edit]

Rutaceae – subfam. Rutoideae
Ruta Rue N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.

1753. Ruta graveolens  L.
1770. Ruta hortensis  Mill.
Common rue,
Garden rue,
Herb-of-grace

Rue des jardins,
Rue officinale,
Rue fétide
Introduced from
 Europe
Ruta graveolens3.jpg
Ruta graveolens nymap.svg
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.

Images

Subfamily Toddalioideae[edit]

Rutaceae – subfam. Toddalioideae
Zanthoxylum Pricklyash N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 Mill.

1768. Zanthoxylum americanum  Mill.
1806. Zanthoxylum fraxinifolium  Willd.
1830. Thylax fraxineum  Raf.
Northern prickly-ash,
Common prickly-ash,
Toothachetree

Clavalier d'Amérique,
Frêne épineux
Native,
Secure
Zantthoxylum americanum.jpg
Zanthoxylum americanum nymap.svg
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.

Images
Ptelea Hoptree N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.
ssp. trifoliata

1753. Ptelea trifoliata  L.
1838. Ptelea baldwinii  Torr. & A.Gray
2001. Ptelea trifoliata var. baldwinii D.B.Ward
Common hoptree,
Wafer-ash,
Stinking ash,
Three-leaved hop tree

Ptéléa trifolié,
Orme de Samarie
Native,
Endangered
Ptelea trifoliata 20050808 002.jpg
Ptelea trifoliata ssp trifoliata nymap.svg
NYFA-1-2
NRCS-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.

Images
Phellodendron Corktree N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 Rupr.

1857. Phellodendron amurense  Rupr.
1871. Phellodendron japonicum  Maxim.
1905. Phellodendron sachalinense  Sarg.
1909. Phellodendron lavallei  Dode
Amur corktree,
Chinese corktree

Phellodendron de l'Amour,
Arbre liège de Chine,
Phellodendron de Sibérie
Introduced from
 temperate Asia,
Highly invasive,
NYIS: 75%[1]
Phellodendron amurense 2.jpg
Phellodendron amurense nymap.svg
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.

Images
Dictamnus Dictamnus N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.

1753. Dictamnus albus  L.
1805. Dictamnus fraxinellus  Pers.
1840. Dictamnus fraxinellus var. caucasicus
1932. Dictamnus caucasicus  Grossh.
Gasplant,
Dittany,
Burningbush
Introduced from
 Eurasia
Dictamnus albus 250510.jpg
Dictamnus albus nymap.svg
NYFA-X
NRCS-X0




Images

Family Meliaceae[edit]

The Meliaceae (mahogany family)...

Subfamily Melioideae[edit]

Tribe Melieae[edit]
Meliacea – subfam. Melioideae – tribe Melieae
Melia Melia N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
Chinaberry tree Introduced,
No specimens
Melia azedarach flower.JPG
Melia azedarach nymap.svg
NYFA-X
NRCS-X
feis
PCA




Images

Family Simaroubaceae[edit]

The Simaroubaceae (quassia family) is represented by a single species persisting outside of cultivation in New York.

Tribe Ailantheae[edit]

Simaroubaceae – tribe Ailantheae
Ailanthus Ailanthus N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(Mill.) Swingle (1916)

 (=) Ailanthus glandulosa Desf. 
Tree-of-heaven,
Chinese sumac,
Varnish-tree,
Copa-tree

Vernis de la Chine
Introduced from
 China,
Highly invasive,
NYIS: 68%[1],
CP-2[2] NE-1[3]
Arbre à Sofia.jpg
Ailanthus altissima nymap.svg
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX
PCA

ARS ITIS


Images
  1. New York non-native plant invasiveness assessmentAilanthus altissima: Moderate (68).
  2. Appendix 2. Plant species that are considered highly invasive to natural areas in the central Finger Lakes region. Policy on the use of non-native plants in Cornell Plantations' accessioned collections (2009)
  3. Category 1 Plants - highly invasive - Eastern Region invasive plants, ranked by degree of invasiveness as based on information from States (1998) US Forest Service

References[edit]

  1. Staphyleaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.
  2. Anacardiaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.
  3. Hippocastanaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.
  4. Aceraceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.
  5. Sapindaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.