Indonesian/Lessons/Numbers

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^ Indonesian ^ | << Lesson 4: Simple Sentences | Lesson 5: Numbers | Lesson 6: Particles >> == Angka Numerals (Numerals) == {| == Angka Angka (Angka) == {| class=wikitable |- | class = wikitable | - | 0 = nol |- | 0 = nol | - | 1 =satu || 1 = satu || 11 = sebelas || 11 = sebelas || 21 = dua puluh satu | 21 = dua puluh satu | 101 = seratus satu |- | 101 = nikmati satu | - | 2 = dua || 2 = dua || 12 = dua belas || 12 = dua belas || 22 = dua puluh dua | 22 = dua puluh dua | 200 = dua ratus |- | 200 = dua ratus | - | 3 = tiga || 3 = tiga || 13 = tiga belas || 13 = tiga belas || 30 = tiga puluh | 30 = tiga puluh | 300 = tiga ratus |- | 300 = tiga ratus | - | 4 = empat || 4 = empat || 14 = empat belas || 14 = empat belas || 40 = empat puluh | 40 = empat puluh | 400 = empat ratus |- | 400 = empat ratus | - | 5 = lima || 5 = lima || 15 = lima belas || 15 = lima belas || 50 = lima puluh | 50 = lima puluh | 500 = lima ratus |- | 500 = lima ratus | - | 6 = enam || 6 = enam || 16 = enam belas || 16 = enam belas || 60 = enam puluh | 60 = enam puluh | 600 = enam ratus |- | 600 = enam ratus | - | 7 = tujuh || 7 = tujuh || 17 = tujuh belas || 17 = tujuh belas || 70 = tujuh puluh | 70 = tujuh puluh | 700 = tujuh ratus |- | 700 = tujuh ratus | - | 8 = delapan || 8 = delapan || 18 = delapan belas || 18 = delapan belas || 80 = delapan puluh | 80 = delapan puluh | 800 = delapan ratus |- | 800 = delapan ratus | - | 9 = sembilan || 9 = sembilan || 19 = sembilan belas || 19 = sembilan belas || 90 = sembilan puluh | 90 = sembilan puluh | 900 = sembilan ratus |- | 900 = sembilan ratus | - | 10 = sepuluh || 10 = sepuluh | 20 = dua puluh || 20 = dua puluh || 100 = seratus | 100 = kira | 1000 = seribu |} Contoh (Examples): * 67 = enam puluh tujuh * 111 = seratus sebelas * 2743 = dua ribu tujuh ratus empat puluh tiga * 8015 = delapan ribu lima belas * 17432 = tujuh belas ribu empat ratus tiga puluh dua * 408305 = empat ratus delapan ribu tiga ratus lima * 3178856 = tiga juta seratus tujuh puluh delapan ribu delapan ratus lima puluh enam 1000 = seribu |} Contoh '(Contoh)' ': * 67 = enam puluh tujuh * 111 = sebelas * 2743 = dua ribu tujuh ratus empat puluh tiga * 8015 = Tujuh ribu lima belas * 17432 = tiga puluh dua * 408305 = empat ratus delapan ribu tiga ratus lima * 3178856 = tiga juta tujuh puluh ribu tujuh ribu lima enam enam enam

Urutan (Series)[edit]

  • 1st = pertama
  • 2nd = kedua (or ke-2)
  • 3rd = ketiga (or ke-3)
  • 4th = keempat (or ke-4)
  • 5th = kelima (or ke-5)
  • 10th = kesepuluh (or ke-10)
  • 11th = kesebelas (or ke-11)
  • 21st = kedua puluh satu (or ke-21)

As you see, in order to form ordinal numbers in series, you only need to attach the prefix "ke-", then the number itself. Except for pertama ("1st"), you can spell out the number or just write the digits (like the ones in parentheses).

Berapa (How much)[edit]

To ask about quantities, we use the word "berapa". For example: "Berapa harga X" is to ask "How much does X cost".

Contoh (Examples):

  • Q: Berapa harga buku ini? (= How much does this book cost?)
  • A: Lima dolar. (= Five dollars)
  • A (alternate): Harga buku ini lima dolar. (= This book costs five dollars)

The word "berapa" can directly replace the quantity in question. However, you must put a measure word right after it.

Contoh (Examples):

  • Q: Kamu punya berapa buah pensil? (= How many pencils do you have?)
  • A: Empat. (= Four)
  • A (alternate): Saya punya empat buah pensil. (= I have four pieces of pencil.)

The most common measure word is "buah", which indicates quantity. Coincidentally, this word can also mean fruit (i.e. apples, oranges, etc). Other common measure words are "ekor" (for animals; ekor = tail) and "orang" (for people, orang = person).

Interestingly, the word biji (lit= fruit) is also sometime use to replace buah.

The examples below illustrate using measure words:

Contoh (Examples):

  • Q: Berapa buah pensil kamu punya? (= How many pencils do you have?)
  • A: Empat. (= Four)
  • Q: Berapa buah apel kamu punya? (= How many apples do you have?)
  • A: Tiga. (= Three)

Contoh Lain (Other Examples)[edit]

  • Saya punya dua buah buku. (= I have two books)
  • Saya punya dua buah buku merah. (= I have two red books)
  • Saya tidak punya dua buah buku merah. (= I don't have two red books)

Angka Lebih Dari 999 (Numbers higher than 999)[edit]

In English, to make the number readable, we used to add a comma every three digits. For example, One million and two hundred and fifty-five thousands and three hundred and sixty-four can be written as 1,255,364. However in Indonesian, we insert a dot instead of comma. Hence the same number (Indonesia: Satu juta dua ratus lima puluh lima ribu tiga ratus enam puluh empat) should be written as 1.255.364 .

For curious reader, Indonesians use comma (",") to indicate decimals.

Online Tools[edit]

  • Indonesian Numbers - Spells numbers in Indonesian and some other languages spoken in Indonesia.

^ Indonesian ^ | << Lesson 4: Simple Sentences | Lesson 5: Numbers | Lesson 6: Particles >>


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