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What is a Case?[edit | edit source]
In the simplest terms, a case determines the function of a word in a sentence. Gothic has five cases: the nominative, genitive, dative, accusative, and vocative.
- The Nominative Case indicates the subject of a sentence. Generally, the noun "that is doing something" is in the nominative. Example: The man went to the store.
- The Genitive Case indicates an attributive relationship of one noun to the other noun, or in simpler terms, the genitive case indicates to whom an object belongs. Example: This is the man's store.
- The Dative Case indicates the indirect object of a sentence. Example: The man gave the money to the storekeeper.
- The Accusative Case indicates the direct object of a sentence or transitive verb. Example: The man bought food.
- The Vocative Case is used when you directly talk to someone, for example: "My brother, listen to me!" or "My friend, go with me".
Certain Gothic verbs, pronouns, and adjectives must modify a case.