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Codex Abrosianus

Dag Godana!

What is a case?[edit]

In the simplest terms, a case is what will determine how a word is used in a sentence. Gothic makes these cases destinctive for each type of stem that is used by using Verb Strength. Cases are not a prominent feature in English unless you go into the forms of questions and personal nouns, so it might be harder for you to understand. We only use one case in speech for the most part, maybe two. In Gothic, we have four basic cases that we will use:

  • The Nominative Case, which describes the subject of a sentence. Example: The man went to the store.
  • The Genitive Case, which describes who owns an object. Example: This is the man's store.
  • The Dative Case, which describes the Indirect Object of a sentence. Example: The man gave the money to the storekeeper.
  • The Accusative Case, which describes the direct object of a sentence if the verb requires a subject and a direct object in order for the sentence to be logical. Example: The man bought blocks.
  • The Vocative Case, this case is used when you directly talk to someone, for example: "My brother, listen to me!" or "My friend, go with me.".

That is all you need to know about cases.