French › Level one lessons › Weather · Le temps

From Wikibooks, open books for an open world
< French‎ | Lessons
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Grammar review · At · À[edit | edit source]

The preposition à /a/ means at or in:

Nous sommes à la maison.We are at home.
Il est à l'hôtel.He is at the hotel.

The contraction au /o/ is used in place of à le (singular):

Je suis au bar.I am at (in) the bar.

Likewise, the contraction aux /o/ is used in place of à les (plural).

Dialogue · Is it going to rain? [edit | edit source]

Mireille: Il fait beau temps !It is fine weather !
Monique: Il va pleuvoir aujourd'hui ?Is it going to rain today?

Monique could also use the question form instead of the intonation given above:
  • Est-ce qu'il va pleuvoir aujourd'hui ? (Pronounced eh-skeel)
  • Va-t-il pleuvoir aujourd'hui ?

Mireille: Non, il ne va pas pleuvoir, il fera soleil.No, not raining, it will be sunny.
Monique: Très bien ! Allons au parc !Very well! let's go to the park.
Marcelle: Apporte un parapluie, au cas où il pleuvrait.Bring an umbrella in case it rains.

Similar to English, pleuvoir is an impersonal verb: it has only a third-person singular conjugation:

  • il pleut (present)
  • il va pleuvoir or il pleuvra (future)
  • il pleuvrait (conditional).

Grammar · Negation · Négation[edit | edit source]

In order to say that one did not do something, the ne … pas construction must be used. The ne is placed before the verb, while the pas is placed after.

Formation and rules[edit | edit source]

Simple negation is done by wrapping ne … pas around the verb:

Je ne porte pas mon manteau.I am not wearing my coat.

In a past tense, ne … pas surrounds the auxiliary verb, not the participle:

Je n'ai pas porté mon manteau.I did not wear my coat.

When an infinitive and conjugated verb are together, ne … pas usually surrounds the conjugated verb:

Je ne veux pas porter mes gants.I do not want to wear my gloves.

Ne pas can also precede the infinitive for a different meaning:

Je veux ne pas porter mes gants.I want not to wear my gloves.

Ne precedes any pronoun relating to the verb it affects:

Je ne les porte pas.I am not wearing them.

In spoken French, the ne can be omitted, leaving simply pas after the verb in context:

Je sais pas qui vous êtes.I do not know who you are.

Examples[edit | edit source]

Il est avocat.
Il n'est pas avocat.
He is [a] lawyer.
He is not [a] lawyer.
Nous faisons nos devoirs.
Nous ne faisons pas nos devoirs.
We are doing our homework.
We are not doing our homework.
Je joue du piano.
Je ne joue pas du piano.
I play the piano.
I do not play the piano.
Vous vendez votre voiture.
Vous ne vendez pas votre voiture.
You sell your car.
You do not sell your car.

Negation of indefinite articles[edit | edit source]

The indefinite articles un, une, and des change to de (or d’) when negating a sentence.

J'ai un parapluie.
Je n'ai pas de parapluie.
I have an umbrella.
I don't have an umbrella.
J'ai des bottes en caoutchouc.
Je n'ai pas de bottes en caoutchouc.
I have some wellington boots.
I don't have any wellington boots.

Examples[edit | edit source]

Il est belge.
Il n'est pas belge.
He is Belgian.
He is not Belgian.
Nous lisons un livre.
Nous ne lisons pas de livre.
We read a book.
We do not read a book.
Je mange une cerise.
Je ne mange pas de cerise.
I eat a cherry.
I do not eat a cherry.

Vocabulary · Common weather [edit | edit source]

Quel temps fait-il ? How's the weather?
le soleil About this sound /lə sɔ.lɛj/ sun
le ciel About this sound /lə sjɛl/ sky
Ébloui par le soleil About this sound /e.blu.i paʁ lə sɔ.lɛj/ Dazzled by the sun (example: coming into the sun from indoors)
Warm weather
Il fait beau. It's fine/nice.
Il fait chaud. It's warm/hot.
Le ciel est dégagé.
Le ciel se dégage.
The sky is clear.
The sky is clearing up.
Le soleil brille The sun is shining
Cloudy weather
le nuage
Il y a des nuages
About this sound /nɥaʒ/ cloud
It's cloudy
nuageux(-euse) About this sound /nɥa.ʒø/ cloudy
l'éclaircie (f) sunny spell (in clouds)
Cold and windy weather
Il fait froid (eel feh fwah) It is cool/cold
Il fait trop froid (eel feh troh fwah) It is too cold
le vent
Il y a du vent
Le vent souffle.
About this sound [[:Media:Fr-vent.ogg|]] wind
It's windy.
The wind blows
la rafale About this sound /ʁafal/ gust of wind

Note that le temps means both the weather and the time.

Grammar · To go · Aller[edit | edit source]

The verb aller is translated to to go. It is irregularly conjugated (it does not count as a regular -er verb).

Formation[edit | edit source]

aller Listen /a.le/ (ah-lay) to read
je vais Listen /vɛ/ (vay) I go
tu vas Listen /va/ (vah) you go
il va Listen /va/ (vah) he goes
nous allons /a.lɔ̃/ (ah-loh(n)) we go
vous allez /a.le/ (ah-lay) you go
ils vont Listen /vɔ̃/ (voh(n)) they go
allé /a.le/ gone

Usage[edit | edit source]

There is no present progressive tense in French, so aller in the present indicative is used to express both I go and I am going:

Où est-ce que tu vas?Where are you going?

Aller must be used with a place and cannot stand alone.

In addition to meaning at or in, the preposition à /a/ means to when used with aller :

Je vais à Paris.I am going to Paris.
Je vais au bureau.I am going to the office.
Tu vas à l'école ?You're going to school?

Near future · Futur proche[edit | edit source]

An infinitive preceded by aller is used to say that something is going to happen in the near future:

Il va pleuvoir demain.It's going to rain tomorrow.
Il va faire froid.It's going to be cold.
Je vais aller au magasin.I will go to the store.

Recall that the negative goes around the conjugated verb.

Il ne va pas pleuvoir demain.It's not going to rain tomorrow.

Supplementary grammar · There · y[edit | edit source]

In place of a preposition and place, the pronoun y /i/, meaning there, can be used; y comes before the verb:

J'y vais.I'm going there.
Nous allons au Mexique. Nous y allons.We are going to Mexico. We are going there.

Remember that aller must be used with a place (there or a name) when indicating that you are going somewhere, even if a place wouldn't normally be given in English.

The negative form of aller with the y pronoun has both the verb and pronoun enclosed between ne and pas:

Il n'y va pas.He's not going there.

Supplementary vocabulary · Expressions [edit | edit source]

Allons-y (ahlon-zee) Let's go
Ça va ?
Comment allez-vous ?
(sah vah)
(koh-mah(n) tahlay-voo
How are you?
Allez ! Come on! encouragement
go ahead; go on
On y va ! Let's get going!
On y va ? Should we go?

Vocabulary · Rain and snow · La pluie et la neige[edit | edit source]

Rainy weather
la brume About this sound /bʀym/ fog, haze, mist
le brouillard About this sound /bʀujaʀ/ fog
la bruine About this sound /bʁɥin/ drizzle
une goutte de pluie a drop of rain
la pluie
La pluie tombe.
The rain falls.
Il pleut.
Il a plu.
Il va pleuvoir.
It's raining.
It rained.
It's going to rain.
Le temps est pluvieux.
It's raining.
l'averse (f) About this sound /a.vɛʁs/ shower
Snowy weather
la neige
Il neige.
About this sound /nɛʒ/ snow
It's snowing.
la grêle
Il tombe de la grêle.
About this sound /gʀɛl/ hail
It's hailing.
Extreme weather
un orage
Il y a un orage!
About this sound /ɔʁaʒ/ a storm
There's a storm!
l'éclair (m)
la foudre
About this sound /e.klɛʁ/
About this sound /fudʁ/
flash (of lightning)
la tempête About this sound Fr-tempête.ogg storm, tempest
le tonnerre About this sound Fr-tonnerre.ogg thunder

Dialogue [edit | edit source]

Exercises [edit | edit source]